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B.Com.

SECOND YEAR (2005-2006) Department of Accountancy & Statistics

ELECTIVE PAPERS : 2.1 CORPORATE ACCOUNTING

Objective
Department of Accountancy & Statistics
This course enable the students to develop awareness
2.1 Corporate Accounting about corporate accounting in conformity with the
provisions of Companies Act.
2.2 Cost Accounting
COURSE CONTENTS
2.3 Auditing
UNIT-I Issue, Forfeiture, and Re-issue of Shares:
Department of Business Administration Redemption of preference shares; Issue and
redemption of debentures. Under writing.
2.4 Company Law Acquisition of business and profits prior to
Incorporation.
2.5 Principles of Marketing
UNIT-II Final accounts: of Companies Including
Department of Banking & Business Economics computation of managerial remuneration,
Divisible profits and Bonus issues including
2.6 Money and Financial Systems guidelines of SEBI.

UNIT-Ill Valuation of Goodwill and Shares.


2.7 Indian Banking System
UNIT-IV Accounting for Amalgamation of Companies
Compulsory Credit Paper
as per Indian Accounting Standard 14;
excluding inter- company holdings.
2.8 Environmental Studies
UNIT-V Accounting for internal reconstruction
schemes Consolidated Balance Sheet and
P & L A/C of holding and Subsidiary
companies with one subsidiary only with
elementary knowledge of AS-21.
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Suggested Readings 2.2 COST ACCOUNTING

1. Gupta R.L. Radhaswarny M: Company Accounts; Objective


Sultan Chand and Sons, New Delhi. This course exposes the students to the basic concepts
and the tools used in cost accounting.
2. Maheshwari S.N: Corporate Accounting; Vikas
Publishing House, New Delhi. COURSE CONTENTS
UNIT-I Introduction: Nature and scope of cost
3. Monga J.R., Ahuia, Girish, and Sehgal Ashok: accounting; Cost concepts and classifi-
Financial Accounting; Mayur Paper Backs, Noida. cation; Methods and techniques; Installation
of costing system; Concept of A.B.C. Costing.
4. Shukla M. C., Grewal T.S. and Gupta S.C.:
Advanced Accounts; S. Chand & Co. New Delhi. Accounting for Material: Material control;
Concept and techniques; Pricing of material
5. Rao.N.S.. Heda B.L. and Gupta S.L. Corporate issues; Treatment of material losses.
Accounting (Hindi) : Alka Publishing, Ajmer.
UNIT-II Accounting for Labour : Labour cost control
6. Khandelwal M.C. Higher Accounting (Hindi) : procedure; Labour turnover; Idle time and
Ramesh Book Depot Jaipiur. overtime; Methods of wage payment -time
and piece rates; Incentive schemes. (Indivi-
7. Manga, Sehgal & Ahuja : Advanced Accounts. dual and group both)
Accounting for Overheads: Classification and
departmentalization; Absorption of over-
heads; Determination of overhead rates;
Under and over absorption, and its treat-
ment.
UNIT-III Cost Ascertainment: Unit costing; Job, and
contract costing; Operating costing; Process
costing including, Valuation of WIP inter-
process profits, and joint and by-products.
UNIT-IV Cost Records: lntegral and non-integral
system; Reconciliation of cost and financial
accounts.
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UNIT-V Marginal Costing : including decision 2.3 AUDITING
Making, Standard Costing including
Objective
calculation of Material, Labour and overhead
variances. This course aims at importing knowledge about the
principles and methods of auditing and their
Suggested Readings
applications.
1. Arora M.N: Cost Accounting-Principles and
Practice; Vikas, New Delhi. COURSE CONTENTS

2. Jain S.P. and Narang K.L: Cost Accounting; UNIT-I Introduction : Meaning and objectives of
Kalyani New Delhi. auditing; Types of audit; Internal audit.

3. Anthony Robert, Ree-ce, et al: Principles of Audit Process : Audit programme; Audit and
Management Accounting; Richard D. lrwin Inc. books; Working papers and evidences;
Illinois. Consideration for commencing an audit;
Routine checking and test checking.
4. Horngren, Charles, Foster and Datar: Cost
Accounting - A Managerial Emphasis; Prentice- UNIT-II Internal Cheek System: Internal control.
Hall of India, New Delhi.
Audit Procedure: Vouching; Verification of
5. Khan M.Y and Jain P.K: Management Accounting; assets and liabilities.
Tata McGraw Hill.
UNIT-III Audit of Limited Companies:
6. Kaplan R.S.and Atkinson A.A.: Advanced
Management Accounting; Prentice India a. Company auditor -Appointment, powers,.
International. duties, and liabilities.

7. Tulsian P.C; Practical Costing: Vikas, New Delhi. b. Divisible profits and dividend.

8. Maheshwari S.N: Advanced Problems and c. Auditors report - standard report and
Solutions in Cost Accounting; Sultan Chand, New qualified report.
Delhi.
d. Special audit of banking companies.
9. Rao N.S., Gupta S.L. and Mundva M.D. : Cost
e. Audit of educational institutions.
Accounting (Hindi) : Alka Publication Ajmer.

10. Jain & Narang : Cost Accounting (Hindi) f. Audit of insurance companies.

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UNIT-IV Investigation: Audit of non profit companies, Department of Business Administration

a. where fraud is suspected, and 2.4 COMPANY LAW

b. when a running a business is proposed.


Objective
UNIT-V Recent Trends in Auditing: Nature and
significance of cost audit; Tax audit; The objective of this course is to provide basic
Management audit. knowledge of the provisions of the Companies Act.
1956, along with relevant case law.
Suggestion Readings
COURSE CONTENTS
1. Gupta Kamal: Contemporary Auditing; Tata
McGraw-Hill, New Delhi. The Companies Act, excluding provisions relating to
accounts and audit sections, managing agents and
2. Tandon B.N: Principles of Auditing; S. Chand & secretaries and treasurers Sections 324 388E,
Co., New Delhi. arbitration, compromises, arrangements and
reconstructions - sections 389-396).
3. Pagare Dinkar: Principles and Practice of
Auditing; Sultan Chand, New Delhi.
UNIT-I Corporate personality; Kinds of companies
4. Sharma T.R: Auditing Principles and Problems;
Sahitya Bhawan, Agra. Promotion on and incorporation of companies

5. Jain, Khandelwal : Auduting (Hindi) : Ramesh Memorandum of Association; Articles of


Book Depot, Jaipur. Association; Prospectus.

6. Jagdish prasad : Auditing (Hindi) UNIT-II Shares; sharecapital; Members; Share


capital -transfer and transmission. Capital
7. Shukla S.M. : Auditing (Hindi)
management -borrowing. powers, mortgages
and charges, debentures.

UNIT-III Directors -Managing Director, whole time


director.

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UNIT-IV Company meetings -kinds, quorum, voting, 2.5 PRINCIPLES OF MARKETING
resolutions, minutes. Majority powers and
minority rights; Prevention of oppression and Objective
mismanagement.
The objective of this course is to help students to
UNIT-V Winding up - kinds and conduct. understand the concept of marketing and its
applications.
Suggested Readings
COURSE CONTENTS
1. Gower L.C.B: Principles of Modern Company Law;
Stevens & Sons, London.
UNIT-I Introduction: Nature and scope of
2. Ramaiya A.: Guide to the Companies Act; marketing; Importance of marketing as a
Wadhwa & Co. Nagpur. business function, and in the economy;
Marketing concepts -traditional and modern;
3. Singh Avtar : Company Law; Eastern Book Co., Selling vs. marketing; Marketing mix;
Lucknow. Marketing environment.

4. Kuchal M.C.: Modern India Company Law; Shri UNIT-II Consumer Behaviour and Market Segmen-
Mahavir Books, Noida. tation: Nature, scope, and significance of
consumer behaviour; Market segmentation
5. Kapoor N.D.: Company Law -Incorporating the
-concept and importance; Bases for market
Provisions of the Companies Amendment Act,
segmentation.
2000; Sultan Chand & Sons, New Delhi

6. Bagrial A.K.: Company Law; Vikas Publishing UNIT-III Product : Concept of product, consumer, and
House, New Delhi. industrial goods; Product planning and
development; Packaging -role and functions;
7. Sharma B.P. and Jain Rajeev : Company Law Brand name and trade mark; After- sales
(Hindi) service; Product life cycle concept.

Price: Importance of price in the marketing


mix; Factors affecting price of a product/
service; Discounts and rebates.
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UNIT-IV Distributions Channels and Physical 5. Cravens David W, Hills1Gerald E., Woodruff
Distribution: Distribution channels - Robert B: Marketing Management : Richard D.
concept and role; Types of distribution lrwin, Homewood, Illinois.
channels;. Factors affecting choice of a
distribution channel; Retailer and 6. Kotler Philip and Armstrong Gary: Principles of
wholesaler; Physical distribution of goods; Marketing; Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi.
Transportation; Warehousing; Inventory
7. Fulmer R.M: The New Marketing; McMillan, New
control; Order processing.
York.

UNIT-V Promotion: Methods of promotion; Optimum 8. McCarthy J.E: Basic Marketing - A Managerial
promotion mix; Advertising media - their Approach; MeGraw Hill, New York.
relative merits and limitations;
Characteristics of an effective 9. Cundiff, Edward W and Stiu R.R: Basic Marketing
advertisement; Personal selling; Selling as - Concepts, Decisions and Strategties; Prentice
a career; Classification of a successful sales Hall, New Delhi.
person; Functions of salesman.
10. Bushkirk, Richard H.: Principles of Marketing;
Suggested Readings Dryden Pren, Illinois.

11. Shrivastva P.K. : Marketing (Hindi)


1. Philip Kotter: Marketing Management Englewood
Cliffs; Prentice Hall, NJ.

2. William M. Pride and O.C. Ferrell: Marketing:


Houghton-Mifflin Boston.

3. Stanton W.J., Etzel -Michael J., and Walker


Bruce J; Fundamentals of Marketing; MeGraw-
Hili, New York

4. Lamb Charles W., Hair Joseph F., and McDaniel


Carl: Principles of Marketing; South-Western-
Publishing, Cincinnati, Ohio. -

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Department of Banking and Business UNIT-IV Value of Money, Quantity Theory of Money -
Economics Fisher, Cambridge and Keynes. Inter-
national Financial Institutions and its
2.6 MONEY and FINANCIAL SYSTEMS affiliates, International Monetary Fund,
International Bank for reconstruction and
Objective development, IDA, IFC and ADB.
UNIT-V Problems and Policies of Allocations of
This course exposes the students to the working of
Institutional Credit, Problems between the
money and financial system prevailing in India.
Government and the Commercial Sector,
COURSE CONTENTS Inter-sectoral and Inter-regional problems,
Problems between large and small
UNIT-I Money, Evolution, Meaning, Functions, Role, borrowers, Operation of conflicting pressure
Type of Money, Monetary Standard, Methods before and after bank nationalization in
of note issue, Alternative measures to money 1969.
supply in India - Their different components Suggested Readings
: Meaning and changing relative importance
1. Chandler L.V. and Goldteld S.M: The Economics
of each money market and capital market,
of Money and Banking; Harper and Row, New
Measures of money stock in India - M1, M2,
York.
M3, M4.
2. Gupla S.B: Monetary Planning of India; S.Chand,
UNIT-II Finance : Role of Finance in an Economy : New Delhi.
Kinds of Finance, Financial System, Compo- 3. Khan M.Y: India Financial System - Theory and
nents, Financial Intermediaries, Markets Practice., Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi.
and Instruments and their functions.
4. Reserve Bank of India: Functions and Working.
Devaluation of Money, Inflation, Deflation
and its control, merits and demerits. 5. Banking Commission: Report(s).

6. Reserve Bank of India: Bulletins


UNIT-III Credit creation by Bank, Credit Creation
Process, Determination of Money Supply and 7. Reserve Bank of India: Annual Report(s)
Total Bank Credit, Techniques of Credit
8. Report on Currency and Finance
Control, Fiscal Policy.
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9. Sengupta A.K. and Agarwal M.K. Money Market 2.7 INDIAN BANKING SYSTEM
Operations in India; Skylark Publications, New
Objective
Delhi.

10. Vinayakan N.. Banking by 20M A.D; Kanishka This course enables the students to know the working
Publishers, Delhi. of the Indian Banking System.

11. Panchrnukhi V.R., Raipuria K.M, and Tandon R: COURSE CONTENTS


Money and Finance in World Economic Order;
UNIT-I Indian Banking System: Structure and
Indus Publishing Co, New Delhi.
Organization, Types and Structure of Banks,
12. Khubchandani: Practice and Law of Banking; Commercial Banks - Definition and
Maemillan India Ltd, New Delhi. Evolution of Banks, Functions and Develop-
ment of commercial banks in India. Inno-
13. Hatler : Bank Investment and Funds Manage-
vative trends in Indian Banking (e-banking-
ment; Macmillan India Ltd, New Delhi.
credit cards, ATMs, e-cheques, EFT Demat
14. Merrill: Financial Plannning in the Bank; Accounts, Internet Banking), State Bank of
Maemillan India Ltd, New Delhi. India, Objectives, Functions and Progress,
Merchant Banking.

UNIT-II Central Bank : Nature and Functions of a


Central Bank, Central Bank and Monetary
Management, Instruments of Credit Control
- Bank Rate Policy, Open Market Operations,
Variable Reserves Ratios, Selective Credit
Control. The Reserve Bank of India -
Objectives and Organization, Functions and
Working, Monetary Policy, Credit Control
Measures and their effectiveness.

UNIT-III Co-operative Banks : Introduction - The


structure of co-operative banks - Primary
Agricultural Societies. Central Co-operative
Banks, State Co-operative Banks, Urban Co-
operative Banks of India.
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UNIT-IV Rural Banking - The Regional Rural Banks Compulsory Credit Paper
: Organization and Functions, Growth and
Working of RRBs. The major problems faced 2.8 ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
by RRBs. Improvement in the working of
COURSE CONTENTS
RRBs, National Bank for Agriculture and
Rural Development - Role and Functions. UNIT-I The Multidisciplinary nature of environ-
UNIT-V Development Banks - The concept of Deve- mental studies :
lopment Banks, Functions and Role of Deve- Definition, scope and importance.
lopment Banks of India - Industrial Bank of Need for public awareness.
India, Industrial Finance Corporation of
India, Industrial Reconstruction Bank of UNIT-II Natural Resources :
India. The Industrial Credit and Investment Renewable and Non-renewable Resources:
Corporation of India, State Financial Natural resources and associated problems.
Corporation, The Export-Import Bank of India
(a) Forest resources : Use and over-exploitation,
(EXIM).
deforestation, case studies. Timber extrac-
Suggested Readings
tion, mining, dams and their effects on
1. Basu A.K: Fundamentals of Banking-Theory and forests and tribal people.
Practice; A. Mukherjee and Co., Calcutta.
2. Sayers R.S: Modern Banking ; Oxford University (b) Water resources : Use and over-utilization
Press. of surface and ground water, floods, drought,
3. Panandikar S.G. and Mithani D.M: Banking in conflicts over water, dams-benefits and
India; Orient Longrnan. problems.

4. Reserve Bank of India: Functions and Working. (c) Mineral resources : Use and exploitation,
5. Dekock : Central Banking; Grosby Lockwood environmental effects of extracting and
Staples, London. using mineral resources, case studies.
6. Tennan M.L. : Banking - Law and Practice in
India; India Law House, New Delhi. (d) Food resources : World food problems,
changes caused by agriculture and over-
7. Khubchandani, B.S. : Practice and Law of
Banking; Macmillan, New Delhi. grazing, effects of modern agriculture,
fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging,
8. Shekhar and Shekhar : Banking Theory and
salinity, case studies.
Practice; Vikas Publishing House, New Delhi.
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(e) Energy resources : Growing energy needs, c) Desert ecosystem
renewable and non-renewable energy d) Aquatic ecosystem (ponds, streams, lakes,
sources, use of alternate energy sources. rivers, oceans, estuaries).
Case studies.
UNIT-IV Biodiversity and its conservation :
(f) Land resources : Land as a resource, land
* Introduction - Definition : genetic, species
degradation, man induced landslides, soil
and ecosystem diversity.
erosion and desertification.
* Biogeographical classification of India.
* Role of an individual in conservation of
natural resources. * Value of biodiversity : consumptive use,
productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and
* Equitable use of resources for sustainable option values.
lifestyles.
* Biodiversity at global, National and local
UNIT-III Ecosystems levels.

* Concept of an ecosystem. * India as a mega-diversity nation.

* Structure and function of an ecosystem. * Hot-spots of biodiversity.

* Producers, consumers and decomposers. * Threats to biodiversity : habitat loss, poach-


ing of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts.
* Energy flow in the ecosystem.
* Endangered and endemic species of India.
* Ecological succession.
* Conservation of biodiversity : In-situ and Ex-
* Food chains, food webs and ecological pyra- situ conservation of biodiversity.
mids.
UNIT-V Environmental Pollution
* Introduction, types, characteristic features,
Definition
structure and function of the following eco-
system : * Causes, effects and control measures of :
a) Forest ecosystem a) Air pollution
b) Grassland ecosystem b) Water pollution
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c) Soil pollution * Wasteland reclamation.
d) Marine pollution
* Consumerism and waste products.
e) Noise pollution
f) Thermal pollution * Environment Protection Act.
g) Nuclear hazards.
* Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act.
* Solid waste Management : Causes, effects
* Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution)
and control measures of urban and indus-
Act.
trial wastes.
* Wildlife Protection Act
* Role of an individual in prevention of pollu-
tion. * Forest Conservation Act

* Pollution case studies. * Issues involved in enforcement of environ-


mental legislation.
* Disaster Management : Floods, earthquake,
cyclone and landslides. * Public awareness.

UNIT-VI Social Issues and the Environment UNIT-VII Human Population and the Environment

* From Unsustainable to Sustainable Develop- * Population growth, variation among nations.


ment. * Population explosion - Family Welfare Pro-
* Urban problems related to energy. gramme.

* Water conservation, rain water harvesting, * Environment and Human Health.


watershed management. * Human Rights.
* Resettlement and rehabilitation of people, * Value Education.
its problems and concerns. Case studies.
* HIV/AIDS
* Environmental ethics : Issues and possible
solutions. * Women and Child Welfare

* Climate change, global warming, acid rain, * Role of Information Technology in Environ-
ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and ment and human health.
holocaust. Case studies. * Case Studies,
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UNIT-VIII Field Work 8. Gleick, H.P. 1993. Water in crisis, Pacific Institute
for Studies in Dev., Environment & Security.
* Visit to a local area to document environ-
Stockholm Env. Institute, Oxford Univ. Press,
mental assets-river/forest/grassland/hill/
473p.
mountain.
9. Hawkins R.E., Encyclopedia of Indian Natural
* Visit to a local polluted site - Urban/Rural/
History, Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay
Industrial/Agricultural.
(R).
* Study of common plants, insects, birds.
10. Heywood, V.H. & Watson, R.T. 1995. Global
* Study of simple ecosystems-pond, river, hill Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge Univ. Press,
slopes, etc. (Field work Equal to 5 lecture 1140p.
hours).
11. Jadhav, H. & Bhosale, V.M. 1995. Environmental
Suggested Readings :
Protection and Laws, Himalaya Pub. House, Delhi,
1. Agrawal, K.C. 2001. Environmental Biology, Nidhi 284p.
Publ. Ltd., Bikaner.
12. Mckinney, M.L. & Schoch, R.M. 1996. Environ-
2. Bharucha Erach, The Biodiversity of India, Mapin mental Science Systems & Solutions, Web
Publishing Pvt. Ltd., Ahmedabad. (R) enhanced edition, 639p.

3. Brunner R.C., 1989. Hazardous Waste Incinera- 13. Mhaskar A.K., Master Hazardous, Techno-Science
tion, McGraw Hill Inc., 480p. Publications (TB).
4. Clark R.S., Marine Pollution, Clanderson Press 14. Miller T.G.Jr., Environmental Science, Wadsworth
Oxford (TB). Publishing Co. (TB)
5. Cunningham, W.P. Cooper, T.H. Gorhani, E. & 15. Odum, E.P. 1971. Fundamentals of Ecology, W.B.
Hepworth, M.T. 2001. Environmental Encyclo- Saunders Co. USA, 574p.
pedia, Jaico Publ. House, Mumbai, 1196p.
16. Rao M.N. & Datta, A>K. 1987. Waste Water treat-
6. De A.K., Environmental Chemistry, Wiley Eastern
ment. Oxford & IBH Publ. Co. Pvt. Ltd. 345p.
Ltd.
17. Sharma B.K., 2001. Environmental Chemistry,
7. Down to Earth, Centre for Science and Environ-
Goel Publ. House, Meerut.
ment (R).
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18. Survey of the Environment, The Hindu (M)

19. Townsend C., Harper J. and Michael Begon,


Essentials of Ecology, Blackwell Science (TB).

20. Trivedi, R.K., Handbook of Environmental Laws,


Rules, Guidelines, Compliances and Standards,
Vol. I and II, Enviro Media (R).

21. Trivedi, R.K. and P.K. Goel, Introduction to air


pollution, Techno-Science Publications (TB).

22. Wagner K.D., 1998. Environmental Management.


W.B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia, USA, 499p.

(M) Magazine; (R) Reference; (TB) Textbook

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