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ECC3001 CHAPTER 1 Functions 1
ECC3001
CHAPTER 1
Functions
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STUDENT GROUP 1 2 3 JAWAHER MOOSA ABDULRAHMAN AL BALUSHI ADHRAA ABDUL RAHMAN ADULLAH AL BALUSHI
STUDENT GROUP
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2
3
JAWAHER MOOSA ABDULRAHMAN AL BALUSHI ADHRAA ABDUL RAHMAN ADULLAH AL BALUSHI
NUR SYAZWANI BINTI MUSTAFAR
THAMIL CHELVI A/P S RAJENDRAN
MAALINI A/P SELVARAJU
MUGILAN A/L MADAVEN
YUGANESWARAN A/L ARUMUGAM
MUHAMMAD AFZAL BIN SHUHIL AHMAD
MOHAMAD ASWARI BIN BASRI
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5
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YUSAIRINA BINTI MOHD YUSOF
SYAZWANI BINTI SAROHE
LEE HAO JUN
DASHINE NAIR A/P VASU
LIM ZI YING
SIVAPARATHI RAMASAMY
MUHAMAD ASRI BIN MOHD ARIF
MOHD AZMAN BIN SUWANDI
NOR SHAHIRA BINTI MALIKI
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8
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HEMAPRIYA A/P GENESAN
CHONG JIAN BIN
THANASHANTHINI A/P SEKAR
PATRICK PETRUS J SIPAYANG
MUHAMMAD SHAHRUL AZIM BIN SHAMSUDIN
NG RONG JANG
CHONG HUI SHAN
ETR ALNADA SALAM RASHID ISSA AL QARNI
NUR NADIHA BINTI KAMARUDIN
NORSYAZWIN FAIZA BINTI MOHAMAD
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DOREEN LEONG TSEN-HWEI
IFFAH AMIRAH BINTI HUSSIN ALI
YARGDESH A/L NELAKANDAN
SHEIKH MUHAMMAD AKMAL BIN SH MOHAMA
MUHAMMAD AMIN BIN SABRI
LEOW YEW SENG
AZEELIA SONIA BAYANG
SANGGITHAPRIYA A/P MAHANDRAN
NURUL DALILA BINTI MOHD RAMLI
NUR HANINAH BINTI HARUN
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KALISSWARI A/P APPARAO
MUHAMMAD HAZIQ BIN MUHAMAD HATTA
NUR IZZAH NABILAH BINTI HARIS
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Learning Outcomes  To identify various types of functions and their graphs ◦ Linear, Logarithmic, Hyperbolic,
Learning Outcomes
To identify various types of functions and
their graphs
◦ Linear, Logarithmic, Hyperbolic, Exponential,
Circular, Inverse etc.
To analyse functions and their limits
To interpolate functions
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1. FUNCTIONS Domain Range f x y =f(x) • A function is an operation performed on
1. FUNCTIONS
Domain
Range
f
x
y =f(x)
A function is an operation performed on an input (x) to
produce an output (y = f(x) )
The Domain of f is the set of all allowable inputs (x
values)
The Range of f is the set of all outputs (y values)
X values are independent
Y values are dependent
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DEFINITIONS

  • DOMAIN the set of numbers that provide the input for the rule

  • Image the output from the rule of an element in the domain

  • Range the set of numbers consisting of the images of the domain

  • Function a rule that links each number of the domain to exactly one member of the range

NOTATION

Functions can be expressed in 2 forms f: x ---2x + 1 f(x) = 2x + 1

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ARROW DIAGRAM A B many to one one to one (a function) (a function which has
ARROW DIAGRAM
A
B
many to one
one to one
(a function)
(a function which has an inverse)
C
one to many
(not a function)
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To be well defined a function must · · Have a value for each x in
To be well defined a function must
·
·
Have a value for each x in the domain
Have only one value for each x in the domain
This is not a function as
some x values
correspond to two y
values.
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Finding the Range of a function

Draw a graph of the function for its given Domain

The Range is the set of values on the y-axis for which a

horizontal line drawn through that

graph.

point would

cut the

The Function is f(x) = (x-2) 2 +3 , x y = (x-2) 2 +3 y
The Function is f(x) = (x-2) 2 +3 ,
x
y = (x-2) 2 +3
y = (x-2)
Dom
2
+3
The Range is
f(x) ≥ 3
2
ain
Range
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Link to Inverse Functions
Domain
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2. COMPOSITE FUNCTIONS When one function is followed by another, the resultant effect can be expresses
2. COMPOSITE FUNCTIONS
When one function is followed by another, the resultant effect can be expresses as a
single function. When functions are combined like this, the resultant function is
known as a composite function
Example:
Find h(x) = g(f(x)) if,
f(x) = 2x
g(x) = x+4
This composite function is f followed by g (the order is important)
g(f(x)) = g(2x)
So,
g(x) = x+4
g(2x) = 2x + 4
h(x) = 2x+4
f
g
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x

COMPOSITE FUNCTIONS Note: gf(x) does not mean g(x) times f(x). Finding g(f(x)) f g f(x) g(f(x))
COMPOSITE FUNCTIONS
Note: gf(x) does not mean g(x)
times f(x).
Finding g(f(x))
f
g
f(x)
g(f(x))
= gf(x)
gf(x) means “g of f of x” i.e g(f(x)).
First we apply the f function.
Then the output of the f function becomes the
input for the g function.
Notice that gf means f first and then g.
Example if f(x) = x + 3, x
and g(x) = x 2 , x
then
Note : When finding
f(g(x))
Replace all the x’s in the
rule for the f funcion
with the expression for
g(x) in a bracket.
e.g If f(x) = x 2 –2x
then f(x-2) = (x-2) 2 –
2(x-2)
gf(x) = g(f(x)) = g(x + 3) = (x+3) 2 , x
fg(x) = f(g(x)) = f(x 2 ) = x 2 +3, x
g 2 (x) means g(g(x)) = g(x 2 ) = (x 2 ) 2 = x 4 ,
f 2 (x) means f(f(x)) = f(x+3) = (x+3) + 3 = x + 6 ,
x
x
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Notice that fg and gf are not the same. • • The Domain of gf is
Notice that fg and gf are not the same.
The Domain of gf is the same as the Domain of f since f
is the first function to be applied.
The Domain of fg is the same as the Domain of g.
For gf to be properly defined the Range (output set) of f
must fit inside the Domain (input set) of g.
For example if g(x)
= √x , x ≥ 0 and f(x) = x – 2, x
• Then gf would not be well defined as the output of f could
be a negative number and this is not allowed as an input
for g.
However fg is well defined, fg(x) = √x – 2, x ≥ 0.
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