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Designation: A789/A789M − 14 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Ferritic/Austenitic Stainless Steel Tubing for Generalards: A480 /A480M Specification for General Requirements for Fl at-Rolled Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Plate , Sh eet , and Strip A101 6/A1016M Specification for General Requirements for Fe rritic Alloy Steel , Austenitic Alloy Steel , and Stainless St eel Tubes E527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the Un ified Numbering System (UNS) 2.2 SAE Standard: SAE J 1086 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys (UNS) This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01 on S teel, Stai nless Ste el and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01. 10 on S tainless and Alloy Steel Tubular Products. Current edition approved Oct. 1, 2014. Published October 2014. Originally approved in 1981. Last previous edition approved in 2013 as A789/A789M–13a . DOI: 10.1520/A0789_A0789M-14. For ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code applications, see related Specifi- cation SA–789 in Section II of that Code. For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, or contact ASTM Customer Service at service@astm.org. For Annual Book of ASTM Standards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page on the ASTM website. Available from Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), 400 Commonwealth Dr., Warrendale, PA 15096-0001, http://www.sae.org. 3. Ordering Information 3.1 Orders for product under this specification should in- clude the following, as required, to describe the desired material adequately: 3.1.1 Quantity (feet, metres, or number of lengths), 3.1.2 Name of product (seamless or welded tubes), 3.1.3 Grade (see Table 1 ), 3.1.4 Size (outside diameter and average wall thickness, unless minimum wall thickness is specified), 3.1.5 Length (specific or random), 3.1.6 Optional requirements (for product analysis, see Sec- tion 8 ; for hydrostatic or nondestructive electric test, see Section 10 ), 3.1.7 Test report required (see the Inspection section of Specification A1016/A1016M ), 3.1.8 Specification designation, and 3.1.9 Special requirements. 4. General Requirements 4.1 Product furnished under this specification shall conform to the applicable requirements of Specification A1016/ A1016M , unless otherwise provided herein. 5. Manufacture 5.1 The tubes shall be made by the seamless or welded process with no filler metal added. 6. Heat Treatment 6.1 All tubes shall be furnished in the heat-treated condition in accordance with the procedures shown in Table 2 . For seamless tubes, as an alternate to final heat treatment in a continuous furnace or batch-type furnace, immediately follow- ing hot forming while the temperature of the tubes is not less than the specified minimum solution treatment temperature, tubes may be individually quenched in water or rapidly cooled by other means. 7. Chemical Composition 7.1 The steel shall conform to the chemical requirements prescribed in Table 1 . *A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standard Copyright © ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United States 1 " id="pdf-obj-0-2" src="pdf-obj-0-2.jpg">

Designation: A789/A789M 14

Standard Specification for

Seamless and Welded Ferritic/Austenitic Stainless Steel Tubing for General Service 1

This standard is issued under the fixed designation A789/A789M; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A superscript epsilon (´) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.

  • 1. Scope*

    • 1.1 This specification 2 covers grades of average wall

thickness, or, if specified on the order, minimum wall thickness, of stainless steel tubing for services requiring general corrosion resistance, with particular emphasis on resistance to stress corrosion cracking. These steels are suscep- tible to embrittlement if used for prolonged periods at elevated temperatures.

  • 1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units

are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in

brackets. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the M designation of this specification is specified in the order.

  • 2. Referenced Documents

  • 2.2 SAE Standard: 4

SAE J 1086 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys

(UNS)

  • 1 This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01 on Steel, Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.10 on Stainless and Alloy Steel Tubular Products. Current edition approved Oct. 1, 2014. Published October 2014. Originally approved in 1981. Last previous edition approved in 2013 as A789/A789M–13a ε 1 . DOI: 10.1520/A0789_A0789M-14.

  • 2 For ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code applications, see related Specifi- cation SA–789 in Section II of that Code.

  • 3 For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, or contact ASTM Customer Service at service@astm.org. For Annual Book of ASTM Standards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page on the ASTM website.

  • 4 Available from Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), 400 Commonwealth Dr., Warrendale, PA 15096-0001, http://www.sae.org.

    • 3. Ordering Information

      • 3.1 Orders for product under this specification should in-

clude the following, as required, to describe the desired material adequately:

  • 3.1.1 Quantity (feet, metres, or number of lengths),

  • 3.1.2 Name of product (seamless or welded tubes),

  • 3.1.3 Grade (see Table 1),

  • 3.1.4 Size (outside diameter and average wall thickness,

unless minimum wall thickness is specified),

  • 3.1.5 Length (specific or random),

  • 3.1.6 Optional requirements (for product analysis, see Sec-

tion 8; for hydrostatic or nondestructive electric test, see

Section 10),

  • 3.1.7 Test report required (see the Inspection section of

Specification A1016/A1016M),

  • 3.1.8 Specification designation, and

  • 3.1.9 Special requirements.

  • 4. General Requirements

    • 4.1 Product furnished under this specification shall conform

to the applicable requirements of Specification A1016/

A1016M, unless otherwise provided herein.

  • 5. Manufacture

    • 5.1 The tubes shall be made by the seamless or welded

process with no filler metal added.

  • 6. Heat Treatment

    • 6.1 All tubes shall be furnished in the heat-treated condition

in accordance with the procedures shown in Table 2. For seamless tubes, as an alternate to final heat treatment in a continuous furnace or batch-type furnace, immediately follow- ing hot forming while the temperature of the tubes is not less than the specified minimum solution treatment temperature, tubes may be individually quenched in water or rapidly cooled by other means.

  • 7. Chemical Composition

    • 7.1 The steel shall conform to the chemical requirements

prescribed in Table 1.

*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standard

Copyright © ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United States

1

A789/A789M − 14 TABLE 1 Chemical Requirements UNS C Mn P S Si Ni Cr Mo

A789/A789M − 14

TABLE 1 Chemical Requirements A

UNS

Designation B

C

Mn

P

S

Si

Ni

Cr

Mo

N

Cu

Others

S31200

S31260

S31500

S31803

S32001

S32003

S32101

S32202

S32205

S32304

S32506

S32520

S32550

S32707

S32750

C

S32760

D

S32808

S32900

S32906

S32950

S33207

S39274

S39277

S82011

S82441

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.040

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.04

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.08

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.025

0.030

0.030

2.00

1.00

1.20–2.00

2.00

4.00–6.00

2.00

4.0-6.0

2.00

2.00

2.50

1.00

1.50

1.50

1.50

1.20

1.00

1.10

1.00

0.80–1.50

2.00

1.50

1.00

0.80

2.0–3.0

2.50–4.00

0.045

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.040

0.030

0.040

0.040

0.030

0.040

0.040

0.035

0.040

0.035

0.035

0.030

0.030

0.040

0.030

0.035

0.035

0.030

0.025

0.040

0.035

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.020

0.030

0.020

0.030

0.010

0.020

0.040

0.015

0.020

0.030

0.010

0.020

0.010

0.010

0.030

0.030

0.010

0.010

0.020

0.002

0.020

0.005

1.00

0.75

1.40–2.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

0.90

0.80

1.00

0.50

0.80

1.00

0.50

0.75

0.80

0.60

0.80

0.80

0.80

1.00

0.70

5.5–6.5

5.5–7.5

4.3–5.2

4.5–6.5

1.0–3.0

3.0-4.0

1.35-1.70

1.00–2.80

4.5–6.5

3.0–5.5

5.5–7.2

5.5–8.0

4.5–6.5

5.5–9.5

6.0–8.0

6.0–8.0

7.0–8.2

2.5–5.0

5.8–7.5

3.5–5.2

6.0–9.0

6.0–8.0

6.5–8.0

1.00–2.00

3.0–4.5

24.0–26.0

24.0–26.0

18.0–19.0

21.0–23.0

19.5–21.5

19.5-22.5

21.0-22.0

21.5–24.0

22.0–23.0

21.5–24.5

24.0–26.0

23.0–25.0

24.0–27.0

26.0–29.0

24.0–26.0

24.0–26.0

27.0–27.9

23.0–28.0

28.0 –30.0

26.0–29.0

29.0–33.0

24.0–26.0

24.0–26.0

20.5–23.5

23.0–25.0

1.20–2.00

2.5–3.5

2.50–3.00

2.5–3.5

0.60

1.50-2.00

0.10-0.80

0.45

3.0–3.5

0.05–0.60

3.0–3.5

3.–5.

2.9–3.9

4.0–5.0

3.0–5.0

3.0–4.0

0.80–1.20

1.00–2.00

1.50–2.60

1.00–2.50

3.0–5.0

2.5–3.5

3.00–4.00

0.10–1.00

1.00–2.00

0.14–0.20

0.10–0.30

0.05–0.1

0.08–0.20

0.05–0.17

0.14-0.20

0.20-0.25

0.18–0.26

0.14–0.20

0.05–0.20

0.08–0.20

0.20–0.35

0.10–0.25

0.30–0.50

0.24–0.32

0.20–0.30

0.30–0.40

.

.

.

0.30–0.40

0.15–0.35

0.40–0.60

0.24–0.32

0.23–0.33

0.15–0.27

0.20–0.30

.

.

.

0.20–0.80

.

.

.

.

.

.

1.00

. . .

0.10-0.80

.

.

.

.

.

.

0.05–0.60

.

.

.

0.50–3.00

1.50–2.50

1.0 max

0.50

0.50–1.00

.

.

.

.

.

.

0.80

.

.

.

1.0

0.20–0.80

1.20–2.00

0.50

0.10–0.80

A Maximum, unless a range or minimum is indicated. Where ellipses (

...

)

appear in this table, there is no minimum and analysis for the element need not be determined

or reported. B Designation established in accordance with Practice E527 and SAE J1086. C % Cr + 3.3 × % Mo + 16 × % N $ 41. D % Cr + 3.3 × % Mo + 16 × % N $ 40.

8. Product Analysis

  • 8.1 An analysis of either one billet or one length of

flat-rolled stock or one tube shall be made from each heat. The

chemical composition thus determined shall conform to the requirements specified.

  • 8.2 A product analysis tolerance (see the annex table on

Chemical Requirements (Product Analysis Tolerances) in Specification A480/A480M) shall apply. The product analysis tolerance is not applicable to the carbon content for material with a specified maximum carbon of 0.04 % or less.

  • 8.3 If the original test for product analysis fails, retests of

two additional billets, lengths of flat-rolled stock, or tubes shall be made. Both retests for the elements in question shall meet the requirements of this specification; otherwise, all remaining material in the heat shall be rejected or, at the option of the producer, each billet or tube may be individually tested for acceptance. Billets, lengths of flat-rolled stock, or tubes that do not meet the requirements of this specification shall be re- jected.

NOTE 1—For flange and flaring requirements, the term lot applies to all tubes prior to cutting of the same nominal size and wall thickness that are produced from the same heat of steel. When final heat treatment is in a batch-type furnace, a lot shall include only those tubes of the same size and from the same heat that are heat treated in the same furnace charge. When the final heat treatment is in a continuous furnace, or when heat treated condition is obtained directly by quenching after hot forming, the number of tubes of the same size and from the same heat in a lot shall be determined from the size of the tubes as prescribed in Table 3. NOTE 2—For tension and hardness test requirements, the term lot applies to all tubes prior to cutting, of the same nominal diameter and wall thickness that are produced from the same heat of steel. When final heat

treatment is in a batch-type furnace, a lot shall include only those tubes of the same size and the same heat that are heat treated in the same furnace charge. When the final heat treatment is in a continuous furnace, or when heat treated condition is obtained directly by quenching after hot forming, a lot shall include all tubes of the same size and heat, heat treated in the same furnace at the same temperature, time at heat, and furnace speed, or all tubes of the same size and heat, hot formed and quenched in the same production run.

9. Mechanical Tests Required

  • 9.1 Tension Tests—One tension test shall be made on a

specimen for lots of not more than 50 tubes. Tension tests shall be made on specimens from two tubes for lots of more than 50

tubes (see Note 2).

  • 9.2 Flaring Test (for Seamless Tubes)—One test shall be

made on specimens from one end of one tube from each lot (see Note 1) of finished tubes. The minimum expansion of the inside diameter shall be 10 %.

  • 9.3 Flange Test (for Welded Tubes)—One test shall be made

on specimens from one end of one tube from each lot (see Note 1) of finished tubes.

  • 9.4 Hardness Test—Brinell or Rockwell hardness tests shall

be made on specimens from two tubes from each lot (see Note

2).

  • 9.5 When more than one heat is involved, the tension,

flaring, flanging, and hardness test requirements shall apply to

each heat.

  • 9.6 Reverse Flattening Test—For welded tubes, one reverse

flattening test shall be made on a specimen from each 1500 ft [450 m] of finished tubing.

2

A789/A789M − 14 TABLE 2 Heat Treatment UNS Designation Temperature °F [°C] Quench S31200 1920–2010 rapid

A789/A789M − 14

TABLE 2 Heat Treatment

UNS Designation

Temperature °F [°C]

Quench

S31200

1920–2010

rapid cooling in water

[1050–1100]

S31260

1870–2010

rapid cooling in air or water

[1020–1100]

S31500

1800–1900

rapid cooling in air or water

[980–1040]

S31803

1870–2010

rapid cooling in air or water

[1020–1100]

S32001

1800–1950

rapid cooling in air or water

[982–1066]

S32003

1850–2050

rapid cooling in air or water

[1010–1120]

S32101

1870 [1020] min

quenched in water or rapidly cooled by other means

S32202

1870–1975

rapid cooling in air or water

[1020–1080]

S32205

1870–2010

rapid cooling in air or water

[1020–1100]

S32304

1700–1920

rapid cooling in air or water

[925–1050]

S32506

1870–2050

rapid cooling in air or water

[1020–1120]

S32520

1975–2050

rapid cooling in air or water

[1080–1120]

S32550

1900

rapid cooling in air or water

[1040] min

S32707

1975–2050

rapid cooling in air or water

[1080–1120]

S32750

1880–2060

rapid cooling in air or water

[1025–1125]

S32760

1960–2085

rapid cooling in air or water

[1070–1140]

S32808

1920–2100

rapid cooling in air or water

[1050–1150]

S32900

1700–1750

rapid cooling in air or water

[925–955]

S32906

1870–2100

rapid cooling in air or water

[1020–1150]

S32950

1820–1880

air cool

[990–1025]

S33207

1905–2085

rapid cooling in water

[1040–1140]

or by other means

S39274

1920–2060

rapid cooling in air or water

[1025–1125]

S39277

1975–2155

rapid cooling in air or water

[1080–1180]

S82011

1850–2050

rapid cooling in air or water

[1010–1120]

S82441

1830 [1000] min

rapid cooling in air or water

TABLE 3 Number of Tubes in a Lot Heat Treated by the Continuous Process or by Direct Quench after Hot Forming

Size of Tube

Size of Lot

  • 2 in. [50.8 mm] and over in outside diameter

not more than 50 tubes

and 0.200 in. [5.1 mm] and over in wall thickness Less than 2 in. [50.8 mm] but over 1 in. [25.4 mm] in outside diameter or over 1 in. [25.4 mm] in outside diameter and under 0.200 in. [5.1 mm] in wall thickness

not more than 75 tubes

  • 1 in. [25.4 mm] or less in outside diameter

not more than 125 tubes

  • 10.2 The hydrostatic test shall be in accordance with Speci-

fication A1016/A1016M, except that in the calculation of the hydrostatic test pressure 64000(441.2) shall be substituted for

32000(220.6).

  • 11. Tensile and Hardness Properties

    • 11.1 The material shall conform to the tensile and hardness

properties prescribed in Table 4.

  • 12. Permissible Variations in Dimensions

    • 12.1 Variations in outside diameter, wall thickness, and

length from those specified shall not exceed the amounts

prescribed in Table 5.

  • 12.2 The permissible variations in outside diameter given in

Table 5 are not sufficient to provide for ovality in thin-walled tubes, as defined in the table. In such tubes, the maximum and minimum diameters at any cross section shall deviate from the nominal diameter by no more than twice the permissible variation in outside diameter given in Table 5; however, the mean diameter at that cross section must still be within the given permissible variation.

  • 13. Surface Condition

    • 13.1 All tubes shall be free of excessive mill scale, suitable

for inspection. A slight amount of oxidation will not be

considered as scale. Any special finish requirements shall be subject to agreement between the manufacturer and the pur- chaser.

10. Hydrostatic or Nondestructive Electric Test

10.1 Each tube shall be subjected to the nondestructive electric test or the hydrostatic test. The type of test to be used shall be at the option of the manufacturer, unless otherwise specified in the purchase order.

  • 14. Product Marking

    • 14.1 In addition to the marking prescribed in Specification

A1016/A1016M, the marking shall indicate whether the tubing is seamless or welded and the wall designation (average wall or minimum wall).

3

A789/A789M − 14 TABLE 4 Tensile and Hardness Requirements Tensile Strength, Yield Strength, Elongation in 2

A789/A789M − 14

TABLE 4 Tensile and Hardness Requirements A

Tensile

Strength,

Yield

Strength,

Elongation in 2 in. or 50 mm, min, %

Hardness, max

min, ksi min, ksi HBW HRC [MPa] [MPa]
min, ksi
min, ksi
HBW
HRC
[MPa]
[MPa]

UNS Designation

S31200

S31260

S31500

S31803

S32001

S32003

B

S32101

100 [690]

100 [690]

92 [630]

90 [620]

90 [620]

100 [690]

65 [450]

65 [450]

64 [440]

65 [450]

65 [450]

70 [485]

25

25

30

25

25

25

280

290

290

290

290

290

.

.

.

30

30

30

30

30

Wall # 0.187 in. [5.00 mm] Wall > 0.187 in. [5.00 mm]

S32202

S32205

S32304

OD 1 in. [25 mm] and Under OD over 1 in. [25 mm]

S32506

S32520

S32550

S32707

S32750

S32760

S32808

S32900

S32906

Wall below 0.40 in. [10 mm] Wall 0.40 in. [10 mm] and above

S32950

S33207

101

[700]

94

[650]

94 [650]

95 [655]

77 [530]

65 [450]

65 [450]

70 [485]

100 [690]

87 [600]

90 [620]

112 [770]

110 [760]

133 [920]

116 [800]

109 [750]

116 [800]

90 [620]

116

[800]

109

[750]

100 [690]

65 [450]

58 [400]

65 [450]

80 [550]

80 [550]

101 [700]

80 [550]

80 [550]

80 [550]

70 [485]

94 [650]

80 [550]

70 [480]

30

30

30

25

25

25

18

25

15

25

15

25

15

20

25

25

20

290

290

290

290

.

.

.

.

.

.

30

30

.

.

.

290

302

310

297

318

300

300

310

271

300

300

290

.

.

.

30

32

.

.

.

31

34

32

.

.

.

32

28

32

32

30

Wall below 0.157 in. [4 mm] Wall 0.157 in. [4 mm] and above

S39274

S39277

S82011

Wall 0.187 in. [5.00 mm] and below Wall above 0.187 in. [5.00 mm]

S82441

Wall below 0.40 in. [10 mm] Wall 0.40 in. [10 mm] and above

138

[950]

123

[850]

116 [800]

120 [825]

101

[700]

95

[655]

112 [770]

101 [700]

80 [550]

90 [620]

75 [515]

65 [450]

107

[740]

99

[680]

78 [540]

70 [480]

15

15

15

25

30

30

25

25

336

336

310

290

293

293

36

36

32

30

31

31

290

290

.

.

.

.

.

.

A For tubing smaller than 1 2 in. [12.7 mm] in outside diameter, the elongation values given for strip specimens in Table 4 shall apply. Mechanical property requirements do not apply to tubing smaller than 1 8 in. [3.2 mm] in outside diameter or with walls thinner than 0.015 in. [0.4 mm]. B Prior to A789/A789M–04, the values for S32003 were 90 ksi tensile strength and 65 ksi yield strength.

15. Keywords

15.1 duplex stainless steel; ferritic/austenitic stainless steel;

seamless steel tube; stainless steel tube; steel tube; welded steel tube

4

A789/A789M − 14 TABLE 5 Permissible Variations in Dimensions Minimum Wall Permissible Size, Outside Permissible Variations

A789/A789M − 14

TABLE 5 Permissible Variations in Dimensions

 

Minimum Wall E

Permissible

 
 

Size, Outside

Permissible Variations

Average Wall D

Permissible

Variations in

Group

Diameter, in.

[mm]

in Outside Diameter, in. [mm]

Permissible Variations in Wall Thickness, A %

Variations in Wall Thickness, A %

Cut Length, in. B [mm]

Thin Walled

Tubes C

 

Over

Under

Over

Under

  • 1 Up to 1 2 [12.7], excl

±0.005 [0.13]

±15

30

0

1 8

[3]

0

.

.

.

  • 2 1 2 to 1 1 2 [12.7 to 38.1], excl

±0.005 [0.13]

±10

20

0

1 8 [3]

0

less than 0.065 in. [1.6 mm] specified

  • 3 1 1 2 to 3 1 2 [38.1 to 88.9], excl

±0.010 [0.25]

±10

20

0

3 16 [5]

0

less than 0.095 in. [2.4 mm] specified

  • 4 3 1 2 to 5 1 2 [88.9 to 139.7], excl

±0.015 [0.38]

±10

20

0

3 16 [5]

0

less than 0.150 in. [3.8 mm] specified

  • 5 5 1 2 to 8 [139.7 to 203.2], incl

±0.030 [0.76]

±10

20

0

3 16 [5]

0

less than 0.150 in. [3.8 mm] specified

A When tubes as ordered require wall thicknesses 3 4 in. [19 mm] or over, or an inside diameter 60 % or less of the outside diameter, a wider variation in wall thickness is required. On such sizes a variation in average wall thickness of 12.5 % over or under, or a variation in minimum wall thickness of 25.0 % over and 0 % under, shall be permitted. For tubes less than 1 2 in. [12.7 mm] in inside diameter that cannot be successfully drawn over a mandrel, the average wall thickness may vary ±15 % from that specified or the minimum wall thickness may vary by +30 %, –0 % from that specified. B These tolerances apply to cut lengths up to and including 24 ft [7.3 m]. For lengths greater than 24 ft [7.3 m], the above over-tolerances shall be increased by 1 8 in. [3 mm] for each 10 ft [3 m] or fraction thereof over 24 ft or 1 2 in. [13 mm], whichever is the lesser. C Ovality provisions of 12.2 apply. D Applicable to tubing specified as average wall (see 3.1.4). E Applicable to tubing specified as minimum wall (see 3.1.4).

SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS

The following supplementary requirement shall apply only when specified by the purchaser in the inquiry, contract, or order.

S1. Pneumatic Test

S1.1 The tubing shall be examined by a pneumatic test (either air underwater or pneumatic leak test) in accordance with Specification A1016/A1016M.

SUMMARY OF CHANGES

Committee A01 has identified the location of selected changes to this specification since the last issue, A789/A789M–14, that may impact the use of this specification. (Approved October 1, 2014)

(1) Reduced maximum carbon content of UNS S32760 from .05 max to 0.030 max.

Committee A01 has identified the location of selected changes to this specification since the last issue, A789/A789M–13, that may impact the use of this specification. (Approved October 1, 2013.)

(1) Added UNS S82411 to Table 1, Table 2, and Table 4.

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A789/A789M − 14 ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted

A789/A789M − 14

ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentioned in this standard. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the risk of infringement of such rights, are entirely their own responsibility.

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