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ULUBELU

PT. PLN (PERSERO)

ULUBELU GEOTHERMAL
POWER PLANT PROJECT

CONTRACT NO. : 050.PJ/041/DIR/2010

DOCUMENT NO. :

TITLE :

CALCULATION SHEET
FOR FENCING AND GATE

PURPOSE :

For Approval

Rev. Description Prepared Checked Approved Date


0 Issued for Approval 21 Feb 2011

INTERNAL DOCUMENT NO. :

Sumitomo Corporation

PT. REKAYASA INDUSTRI ULB-E-3-C0-CS-043


ENGINEERING & CONSTRUCTION
JOB NO. : 10-2402 REV
0
CALCULATION SHEET FOR DOC. NO. : ULB-E-3-C0-CS-043

FENCING AND GATE DATE BY CHKD APVD


21/02/11 NIT/GS NIEL / IJ HN

REVISION HISTORICAL SHEET

Rev No Date Description

0 21 Feb 11 Issued for Approval

DISTRIBUTION LIST

REKAYASA FUJI ELECTRIC PLN (PERSERO)


Project Manager Project Manager Project Manager
Project Control Manager
Procurement Manager
Construction Manager
QC-SHE Manager SUMITOMO
Admin & Finance Manager Project Manager
Engineering Manager
Project Engineer
Mechanical Lead Engineer
Piping Lead Engineer
Process Lead Engineer
Civil Lead Engineer
Electrical Lead Engineer
Instrument Lead Engineer

P.T. R E K A Y A S A INDUSTRI
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CONTENTS

Subject

Content

1. GENERAL

1.1 Outline of structure 4


1.2 Applicable Specification, Codes and Standard 4
1.3 Material Specification 4
1.4 Unit of Measurement 4
1.5 Computer Software 4

2. OUTLINE OF FOUNDATION

2.1 General Description 5


2.2 Dimension 6

3. LOADING DATA

3.1 Dead Load (D) 7


3.2 Live Load (L) 7
3.3 Wind Load (W) 7

4. SOIL BEARING CAPACITY

4.1 Soil Bearing Capacity 9


4.2 Compression Check 10
4.3 Sliding Check 11
4.4 Overturning Check 12
4.5 Buoyancy Effect 12

5. REINFORCEMENT DESIGN

5.1 Fencing 13
5.2 Gate 14

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1. GENERAL

1.1. OUTLINE OF STRUCTURE


Project : ULUBELU GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANT PROJECT
Client : PT PLN (Persero)
Location : ULUBELU, LAMPUNG, SUMATERA
Equipment : FENCING AND GATE
Foundation Type : SHALLOW FOUNDATION

1.2. APPLICABLE SPECIFICATION, CODES AND STANDARDS


(1) Project Specification
ULB-E-3-C0-GS-001 : Design Specification for Civil and Structural
(2) Codes and Standards
ASCE 7-2002 : Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures
UBC 1997 : Uniform Building Code
SNI-03-1726-2002 : Tata Cara Perencanaan Ketahanan Gempa untuk Bangunan Gedung
ACI 318-2002 : Building Code Requirement for Structural Concrete

1.3. MATERIAL SPECIFICATION


2
Specified compressive strength of concrete : fc := 250 kg cm
2
Minimum characteristic yield strength of rebar : fy := 4000 kg cm (deformed)

2
Minimum characteristic yield strength of rebar : fyp := 2400 kg cm (plain)

3
Unit weight of reinforcement concrete : c := 2400 kg m
3
Unit weight of soil : s := 1100 kg m
3
Unit weight of water : w := 1000 kg m

1.4. UNIT OF MEASUREMENT

Unit of measurement in design shall be in metric system.

1.5. COMPUTER SOFTWARE

- Math Cad

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2. OUTLINE OF FOUNDATION

2.1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION


This calculation covers the design of fencing and gate on site. This equipment is supported by a
shallow foundation.

Fencing

Gate

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2.2. DIMENSIONS

Fencing
Longest width of fencing : dfc := 2.45m
Height of fencing : hfc := 2.55m
Fence post material : Galvanized pipe 2"
Width of fence post : lf := 0.06m

Width of footing : bf1 := 0.35m


Length of footing df1 :=
: 0.35m
Height of footing : hf1 := 0.70m

Gate
Width of gate : dg := 3.5m
Height of gate : hg := 3m
Gate post material : Galvanized pipe 6"
Width of fence post : lg := 0.16m
Gate frame material : Galvanized pipe 3"

Pedestal dimension :
Width of pedestal : bf2 := 0.55 m
Length of pedestal : df2 := 0.35 m
Height of pedestal : hf2 := 0.80 m

Footing Dimension :
Width of footing : bp := 1m
Length of footing dp :=
: 1m
Height of footing : hp := 0.3 m

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3. LOADING DATA

3.1. DEAD LOAD (D)

3.1.1. Fence Weight

Weight of fence post : Wfc := 0.012tonne


Total weight of fence
(inc. fence and barbed wire) : Wfc := 120% Wfc Wfc = 0.014 tonne

3.1.2. Fence Foundation Weight

Foundation weight : Wf1 := bf1 df1 hf1 c Wf1 = 0.206 tonne


Total weight of fencing : Wf := Wfc + Wf1 Wf = 0.22 tonne

3.1.3 Gate Weight

Weight of gate post : Wgp := 0.09tonne


Weight of gate frame : Wgf := 0.1tonne
Total weight of gate (inc. fence) : Wg := 120% ( Wgp + Wgf) Wg = 0.228 tonne

3.1.4 Gate Foundation Weight

Pedestal weight : Wf1 := bf2 df2 hf2 c Wf1 = 0.37 tonne


Soil weight above footing : Ws := [ ( bp dp ) ( bf2 df2) ] ( hf2 0.1m) s
Ws = 0.622 tonne

Footing weight : Wf2 := bp dp hp c Wf2 = 0.72 tonne

Total weight of gate : Wg := Wg + ( Wf1 + Ws + Wf2) Wg = 1.939 tonne

3.2. LIVE LOAD (L)


Since there is no platform attached on equipment, live load is zero.

3.3. WIND LOAD (W)

Based on ASCE-05 (wind speed 120 km/h or 33.33 m/s), for structure height (0 - 4.6) m
above ground level:
m
Kz := 0.85 Kzt := 1 v := 33.33 I := 1 G := 0.85 C := 1.2
s
2
q := 0.613 Kz Kzt ( v) I

2
q = 0.058 tonne m

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Fencing
2
Af := 120% lf hf1 Af = 0.05 m

Wind load on fencing : Hwf := q G C Af


3
Hwf = 2.976 10 tonne

3
Moment at the bottom of footing : Mwf := Hwf ( 0.5 hfc + hf1) Mwf = 5.877 10 tonne m

Gate
2
Ag := 120% lg hg Ag = 0.576 m

Wind load on gate : Hwg := q G C Ag

Hwg = 0.034 tonne

Moment at the bottom of footing : Mwg := Hwg ( 0.5 hg + hf2 + hp ) Mwg = 0.088 tonne m

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4. STABILITY CHECK

4.1. SOIL BEARING CAPACITY

4.1.1 Soil Axial Capacity

Refer to Soil Investigation Report from Sofoco, soil parameter from BH11 :
2
c := 6.7tonne m

:= 5.5deg

Based on Terzaghi's bearing capacity factor:


Nc := 7.34 Nq := 1.64 N := 0.14

Terzaghi's ultimate soil bearing capacity for shallow foundation (for square footing) shown on
equation below:

Fencing

qu := ( 1.3 c Nc) + ( q Nq ) + ( 0.4 s bf1 N)


2
qu = 63.953 tonne m

Safety factor for shallow foundation: SF := 3

Allowable bearing capacity:


qu 2
qallf := qallf = 21.318 tonne m
SF

Qallf := qall bf1 df1 Qallf = 1.47 tonne

Gate

qu := ( 1.3 c Nc) + ( q Nq ) + ( 0.4 s bp N)


2
qu = 65.256 tonne m

Safety factor for shallow foundation: SF := 3

Allowable bearing capacity:


qu 2
qallg := qallg = 21.752 tonne m
SF

Qallg := qall bp dp Qallg = 12 tonne

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4.1.2 Soil Lateral Capacity

Because the ground water table is below the foundation, there is no water pressure occured on
foundation.

Fence Foundation Gate Foundation

F1 : active soil pressure


F2 : passive soil pressure

2

Coefficient of active pressure: Ka := tan 45deg
2 Ka = 0.825
2

Coefficient of passive pressure: Kp := tan 45deg +

Kp = 1.212
2

Fencing (pressure per m)

F1f := 0.5 ( s Ka hf1) hf1 bw F1f = 0.222 tonne

F2f := 0.5 ( s Kp hf1) hf1 bw F2f = 0.327 tonne

Gate (pressure per m)

F1g := 0.5 [ s Ka ( hf2 + hp ) ] ( hf2 + hp ) bw F1g = 0.549 tonne

F2g := 0.5 [ s Kp ( hf2 + hp ) ] ( hf2 + hp ) bw F2g = 0.807 tonne

4.2. COMPRESSION CHECK

Fencing

Axial load : Wf = 0.22 tonne


Allowable bearing capacity : Qallf = 1.47 tonne

Status := "Wf < Qallf ---> OK" if Wf < Qallf


Status = "Wf < Qallf ---> OK"
"Wf > Qallf ---> NOT OK" if Wf > Qallf

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Gate
Axial load : Wg = 1.939 tonne
Allowable bearing capacity : Qallg = 12 tonne

Status := "Wg < Qallg ---> OK" if Wg < Qallg


Status = "Wg < Qallg ---> OK"
"Wg > Qallg ---> NOT OK" if Wg > Qallg

4.3. SLIDING CHECK


2
Friction coeficient between soil and concrete : := tan = 0.064
3
Fencing
3
Horizontal Forces caused by wind load : Hwf = 2.976 10 tonne
3
Critical horizontal force : H := Hwf H = 2.976 10 tonne
Active soil pressure : F1f = 0.222 tonne
Vertical forces : Pv := Wf Pv = 0.22 tonne
Passive soil pressure : F2f = 0.327 tonne

Pv + F2f
Safety Factor : SF := SF = 1.512
H + F1f

Safety factor for sliding : SFs = 1.5

Status := "SF > 1.5 ---> OK" if SF > SFs


"SF< 1.5 ---> NOT OK" if SF < SFs Status = "SF > 1.5 ---> OK"

Gate

Horizontal Forces caused by wind load : Hwg = 0.034 tonne


Critical horizontal force : H := Hwg H = 0.034 tonne
Active soil pressure : F1g = 0.549 tonne
Vertical forces : Pv := Wg Pv = 1.939 tonne
Passive soil pressure : F2g = 0.807 tonne

Pv + F2f
Safety Factor : SF := SF = 1.759
H + F1f

Safety factor for sliding : SFs = 1.5

Status := "SF > 1.5 ---> OK" if SF > SFs


"SF< 1.5 ---> NOT OK" if SF < SFs Status = "SF > 1.5 ---> OK"

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4.4. OVERTURNING CHECK

Fencing
3
Overturning Moment caused by Wind load : Mwf = 5.877 10 tonne m
3
Critical overturning moment : Mo := Mwf Mo = 5.877 10 tonne m

Resistance Moment : Mr := ( Wf) 0.5 bf1 Mr = 0.039 tonne m


Mr
Safety Factor : SF := SF = 6.557
Mo

Safety factor of overturning : SFo := 2

Status := "SF > 2 ---> OK " if SF > SFo


Status = "SF > 2 ---> OK "
"SF < 2 ---> Not OK" if SF < SFo

Fencing
Overturning Moment caused by Wind load : Mwg = 0.088 tonne m

Critical overturning moment : Mo := Mwg Mo = 0.088 tonne m

Resistance Moment : Mr := ( Wg ) 0.5 bp Mr = 0.97 tonne m


Mr
Safety Factor : SF := SF = 10.967
Mo

Safety factor of overturning : SFo := 2

Status := "SF > 2 ---> OK " if SF > SFo


Status = "SF > 2 ---> OK "
"SF < 2 ---> Not OK" if SF < SFo

4.5. BUOYANCY EFFECT

Depth of water table from ground : hw := 0.6m (refer to soil data report for BH11)
2
Bouyancy effect : Q1 := ( hf2 + hp hw) w Q1 = 0.5 tonne m
2
Allowable bearing capacity : qallg = 21.752 tonne m
qallg
Safety Factor : SF := SF = 43.504
Q1
Safety factor of buoyancy : SFb := 1.2

Status := "SF > 1.2 ---> OK " if SF > SFb


Status = "SF > 1.2 ---> OK "
"SF < 1.2 ---> Not OK" if SF < SFb

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5. REINFORCEMENT DESIGN

5.1. Fencing

:= 12mm b := bf1 d := hf1

concrete cover : c := 5cm


effective height : d := d c d = 0.644 m
2

Maximum ultimate lateral at bottom of footing : Humax := Hwf


3
Humax = 2.976 10 tonne

Ultimate moment at bottom of footing : Mu := Mwf


3
Mu = 5.877 10 tonne m

Calculations :

Mu
Rn :=
2 -2
0.8 b d Rn = 50.608 kg m

0.85 fc 2 Rn 6
req := 1 1 req = 2.109 10
fyp 0.85 fc

min := 0.0018

Status := "pmin < preq" ===> "use preq" if min < req
"pmin > preq" ===> "use pmin" otherwise

Status = "pmin > preq" ===> "use pmin"

2
As := min bf1 df1 As = 220.5 mm

2 2
Try 4 - 12 : Asteel := 4 Asteel = 452.389 mm
4

Status := "OK" if Asteel As


"Not OK" otherwise
Status = "OK"

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Shear Reinforcement :
3
Vu := Hwf Vu = 2.976 10 tonne

b := bf1 d := df1

Vc := 0.85 0.53 fc b d

Vc = 8.726 tonne

0.5 Vc = 4.363 tonne

Status := "Shear Reinforcement is not necessary" if Vu < 0.5 Vc


" Use minimum reinforcement" if 0.5 Vc < Vu Vc
" Need shear reinforcement" if Vu > Vc

Status = "Shear Reinforcement is not necessary"

For Fence Footing Reinforcement Use :


Main Bar : 4 12
Stirrups : 8 @ 200

5.2. Gate

Pedestal Reinforcement
:= 12mm b := bf2 d := hf2

concrete cover : c := 5cm



effective height : d := d c d = 0.744 m
2

Maximum ultimate lateral at bottom of footing : Humax := Hwg


Humax = 0.034 tonne
Ultimate moment at bottom of footing : Mu := Humax hf2
Mu = 0.027 tonne m
Calculations :

Mu
Rn :=
2 -2
0.8 b d Rn = 111.703 kg m

0.85 fc 2 Rn 6
req := 1 1 req = 4.654 10
fyp 0.85 fc

min := 0.0018

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Status := "pmin < preq" ===> "use preq" if min < req
"pmin > preq" ===> "use pmin" otherwise

Status = "pmin > preq" ===> "use pmin"

2
As := min bf1 df1 As = 220.5 mm

2 2
Try 6 - 12 : Asteel := 6 Asteel = 678.584 mm
4

Status := "OK" if Asteel As


"Not OK" otherwise
Status = "OK"

Shear Reinforcement :

Vu := Hwg Vu = 0.034 tonne

b := bf2 d := df2

Vc := 0.85 0.53 fc b d

Vc = 13.712 tonne

0.5 Vc = 6.856 tonne

Status := "Shear Reinforcement is not necessary" if Vu < 0.5 Vc


" Use minimum reinforcement" if 0.5 Vc < Vu Vc
" Need shear reinforcement" if Vu > Vc

Status = "Shear Reinforcement is not necessary"

For Gate Pedestal Reinforcement Use :

Main Bar : 6 12
Stirrups : 8 @ 150

Reinforcement for bottom of footing :

:= 12mm b := bp d := hp

concrete cover : c := 5cm



effective height : d := d c d = 0.244 m
2

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Ultimate moment at bottom of pedestal : Mu := Mwg
Mu = 0.088 tonne m
Calculations :

Mu 2
Rn := Rn = 1.856 tonne m
2
0.8 b d

0.85 fc 0.85 600 kg cm


2
b := b = 0.015
fyp 600 kg cm 2 + fy
p

0.85 fc 2 Rn
req := 1 1 5
fyp 0.85 fc req = 7.738 10

min := 0.0018

max := b 0.75 max = 0.011

r := "Change Thickness" if req > max


4
r = 9 10
req if req > min
min if 1.33 req > min > req
1.33req if min > 1.33req > 0.5min
( 0.5min) otherwise

2
Asreq := r b d Asreq = 2.196 cm

Try rebar diameter : dia := 12 mm


a := 150 mm

2 b 2
Asbot := Asbot = 7.54 cm
4 a

Status := "Asbot > Asreq ----> OK " if Asbot > Asreq


"Abot < Asreq ----> Not OK, change re-bar" if Asbot < Asreq
Status = "Asbot > Asreq ----> OK "

For practical use : Use 12 @ 150 (bottom of footing only)

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