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The Relationships between Chiang Kai-shek and


Feng Yu-hsiang in 1928A Revisit

Cheng-hua Wang
*

Abstract

After the Hsuchou Conference, the relationships between Chiang Kai-shek and Feng Yu-hsiang
became gradually closer. In early 1928, the two started their cooperation, working together on the warfare
of the Northern Expedition. In order to push northward, defeat Chang Shueh-liang at Northeast, and take
Peking, Chiang needed help from not only Feng Yu-hsiang but also Yen Hsi-shan at Shansi. Both Feng
and Yen also knew very well that the cooperation with Chiang would benefit them too. In other words,
the close ties among the three parties turned out to be a necessity in warfare and in mutual interests.
With the help of The Chiang Kai-shek Collections: The Chronological Events of 1928 , this paper
studies the records of the seven meetings between Chiang and Feng within the first seven month of
1928, delineating the developments of their cooperation and their friendship as well. In the meeting of
February 16, the cooperation among the three was firmly established and their friendship consolidated.
On April 27, the plans on waging wars in the areas northern of the Yellow River were decided. After
the Jinan Incident, Chiang and Feng met at Tangchiachuan on May 5, discussing the Japanese invasion
and reaching the conclusion not to fight back. On May 19, they decided to gather their armies around
Peking and Tianjin with certain attacking strategies. As to who and how to take Peking, the matters
were discussed during the meetings at Taokou and Liuwei.
After a closer look at such developments, it is clear that the Jinan Incident was a turning point.
Because of this incident, the Northern Expedition underwent great changes. First, Chang Cho-lin
announced a peace appeal and receded from his position as the government of Peking. This caused
some disagreement between Chiang and Feng in terms of warring strategies. Finally, Chiang negotiated
the conflicts between Feng and Yen as to the takeover of Peking. When Peking and Tianjin were taken,
the Chenchou Conference did not celebrate the victory of the Northern Expedition; instead, because of
international pressures and internal conflicts, Chiang and Feng had but to loosen their ties.

Key words: Chiang Kai-shek, Feng Yu-hsiang, Yen Hsi-shan,


Chang Cho-lin, Jinan Incident
*
Researcher, Academia Historica
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