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FKAP NOTES

LOGIC Lectures:

PHILOSOPHICAL REFLECTION
(How to organize your Reflection Paper)

ENCOUNTER

RESPONSE SIGNIFICANCE

INSIGHT

Moments of Reflection (How to organize and write your Reflection Papers)

Reflection Process

Homo spectans Humans as spectators


Homo particeps Humans as participants

What is Reflection?

Why Moments of Reflection?

Reflection
- Latin reflectere "to bend back, bend backwards, turn away," from re- "back" + flectere
"to bend"
- "remark made after turning back one's thought on some subject

We shall not cease from exploration


And the end of all our exploring
Will be to arrive where we started
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And to know the place for the first time.


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- The Four Quartets, T. S. Eliot

Prepared by Mr. Francis Kristian A. Parawan (sphoenix777@gmail.com)


FKAP NOTES

Moments of Reflection

Experience:
- Experience refers to our encounter with people, events, or ideas.
Crystallize the Experience:
What idea strikes me?

SIGNIFICANCE:
The Significance of the experience to each of us varies because of our individual
differences. Thus a reflection is always and at once personal.
Highlight the Significance:
Why do I find it striking? What does it remind me of? How am I able to relate to this
idea?

After reflection, nothing is ordinary anymore

INSIGHT:
The experience, which is the encounter with the idea, enables us to look back to our past
incidents under a new light provided by this idea. Through this backward glance, we gain an
insight into life in general as we get to understand better or appreciate more deeply our past
personal incident.
Draw an insight:
What new learning have I attained? What perspective allows me to look at my personal
event in a new light?

RESPONSE
Once we have learned a new insight, then, we are able to give a response so that the
insight does not simply remain a lesson learned in our mind but becomes a power in our will to
renew our life.
Make a response:
What course of action does the insight suggest?

MAN: THE THINKER

Is Mind, Intellect, and Understanding the same thing?


What is thinking?
Thinking: Threefold Perspective
1. It is a mental activity.
2. Man is in control of his mind.
3. He engages in an introspective or subjective empirical activity.
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Prepared by Mr. Francis Kristian A. Parawan (sphoenix777@gmail.com)


FKAP NOTES

What are the mental operations involve when one is thinking?

Apprehension
The mind encounters a reality and forms an idea of the reality through abstraction.
Judgment
The mind judges whether the reality is either true or false.
Inference
The mind engages in reasoning. Reasoning is when the mind arrives at a reasoned or
inferred judgment.

What is the goal of thinking?


What is the meaning of truth?
That we can know
That there is something to be known
That there is reality

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Prepared by Mr. Francis Kristian A. Parawan (sphoenix777@gmail.com)


FKAP NOTES

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Prepared by Mr. Francis Kristian A. Parawan (sphoenix777@gmail.com)