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TashlHeet  1

INTRODUCTION
LEARNING TASHLHEET
Even under the best conditions, learning a new language can be challenging.
Add to this challenge the rigors of Peace Corps training, and you‟re faced with
what will be one of the most demanding-and rewarding-aspects of your Peace
Corps experience: learning to communicate to Moroccans in their own language.
But it can be done. And rest assured that you can do it. Here are a few reasons
why:

 You are immersed in the language: some people may need to hear a word
three times to remember it; others may need thirty. Learning TashlHeet
while living and training with Moroccans gives you the chance to hear the
language used again and again.
 You have daily language classes with Moroccan teachers: you‟re not
only immersed in the language; you also have the opportunity to receive
feedback from native speakers on the many questions that predictably
crop up when one learns a new language.
 Peace Corps has over forty years of experience in Morocco: your
training, including this manual, benefits from the collective experience
gained by training thousands of Americans to live and work in Morocco.
You will benefit from and contribute to that legacy.

Despite these advantages, at times you may still feel like the task of
learning TashlHeet is too much to handle. Remember that volunteers like you
having been doing it for decades, however. One of the most rewarding aspects
of your time will be communicating with Moroccans in TashlHeet, surprising them
and yourself with how well you know the language. When that time arrives, your
hard work will have been worth it.

TRANSCRIPTION OF TASHLHEET
In order for trainees to move quickly into TashlHeet, Peace Corps uses a
system of transcription that substitutes characters of the Latin alphabet (a, b,
c, d, …) for characters from Arabic script )... ،‫ ج‬،‫ ث‬،‫ ب‬،‫)أ‬. With this system, it
isn‟t necessary for a trainee to learn all of Arabic script before he or she begins
to learn to the language. On the contrary, once you became familiar with the
system, of transcription, you will be able to “read” and “write” TashlHeet fairly

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2  Peace Corps/Morocco
quickly-using characters you are familiar with. You will also learn Arabic script
during training, but with transcription it isn‟t necessary to know it right away.
Throughout the book, therefore, you will always see both the Arabic script and
the transcription. Becoming familiar with the Peace Corps‟ system of
transcription is one of the best things you can do, early on, to help yourself
learn TashlHeet. Practicing the different sounds of TashlHeet until you can
reproduce them is another. This introduction is intended mainly to help you get
started the system with of transcription, and as a result it will mention only
briefly the different sounds of TashlHeet. However, a fuller explanation can be
found on page 204.

Sounds you already know
The large majority of consonants in TashlHeet are similar to sounds that
you have in English. The vowels in TashlHeet are similar to English vowels. In the
following table, each transcription character that represents a sound you
already know will be explained. The sounds are not necessarily what you may
expect, but each character was matched with a sound or good reasons.

Transcription Arabic
Description
Character Character

A ‫ ة‬/ ‫ ي‬/ _َ / ‫ا‬ Sometimes the /ä/ in “father,”
sometimes the /a/ in “mad”
B ‫ب‬ the normal English sound /b/

D ‫د‬ the normal English sound /d/

the short “e” sound /e/ as in “met” (this
transcription character is not used often,
E َ_ / ‫ا‬
only when confusion would be caused by
using the transcription character “a”)

F ‫ف‬ the normal English sound /f/

G ‫گ‬ the normal English sound /g/ as in “go”

H ‫ﻫ‬ the normal English sound /h/ as in “hi.”

I ِ_ / ‫ي‬ the long “ee” sound /ē/ as in “meet”

J ‫ج‬ the /zh/ sound represented by the „s‟ in

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TashlHeet  3
“pleasure”
K ‫ك‬ the normal English sound /k/

L ‫ه‬ the normal English sound /l/

M ً the normal English sound /m/

N ُ the normal English sound /n/

the long “o” sound /ō/ as in “bone” (this
O ‫و‬ transcription character is not used often,
mainly for French words that have entered
TashlHeet)
P ‫ﭖ‬ the normal English sound /p/

This is not the normal English “r,” but a
R ‫ر‬ “flap” similar to the Spanish “r” or to the
sound Americans make when they quickly
say “gotta” as in “I gotta go.”
S ‫ش‬ the normal English sound /s/

T ‫ث‬ the normal English sound /t/

U ‫و‬ the long “oo” sound /ü/ as in “food”

V ‫ﭪ‬ the normal English sound /v/

W ‫و‬ the normal English sound /w/

Y ‫ي‬ the normal English sound /y/

Z ‫ز‬ the normal English sound /z/

Š ‫ظ‬ the normal English sound /sh/ as in “she”

Some vowel combinations
Ay ‫ـاي‬ the “ay” as in “say”

Au ‫ـاو‬ the “ow” as in “cow”

Iu ‫ـيى‬ the “ee you” as in “see you later”

New sounds

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4  Peace Corps/Morocco
There are eight consonants in TashlHeet that you do not have in English. It may
take you some time to be able to pronounce these correctly. At this point, what‟s
important is that you learn the transcription of these sounds. See page 204 for
more information on how to pronounce the sounds in TashlHeet.

Transcription Arabic Sound
Character Character

‫ض‬ The TashlHeet These sounds are pronounced
d
emphatic “d” like their non-emphatic

‫ص‬ The TashlHeet counterparts, but with a
s
emphatic “s” lower pitch and agreater
The TashlHeet tension in the thongue and
t ‫ط‬
emphatic “t” throat.

‫ق‬ Like the English /k/ but pronounced further back
q
in the throat

‫خ‬ Like the „ch‟ in the German “Bach;” some people
x
use this sound to say yech!

‫غ‬ Like the x sound above, but pronounced using your
ġ
voice box; similar to the French “r”

‫ح‬ Like the English “h,” except pronounce deep in the
н
throat as a loud raspy whisper.
This sound will be difficult at first. It can be
‫ع‬ approximated by pronouncing the „a‟ in “fat” with
‫ع‬
the tongue against the bottom of the mouth and
from as deep in the throat as possible

Shedda
If you see a transcription character doubled, that means that a “shedda”
is over that character in the Arabic script. For example, in the following table,
you will see how the transcription changes for “shedda”, and thus the
pronunciation.

English Transcription Arabic Script
This small character,
Translation which looks like a “w,”
is the shedda. That is
To drink su ‫ضـى‬ why the transcription
has a doubled “s”.
To water ssu ‫ضّـى‬

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and that is why the transcription doubles the letter “s”. and that‟s why there is only one “s” in the transcription. a hyphen will be used to indicate to you that the word has the definite article in front of it. See page 208 for more information on the definite article. It is a visual indicator. To the English speaker. and r) without any vowels between them. Words and syllables without vowels Sometimes you will see syllables or even whole words without any vowels written in them. For some letters. in a sense they both are. Other symbols Sometimes. To learn more about how we pronounce the shedda in Arabic. this seems impossible. The hyphen is there to make it easy for you to see when a definite article is being used. it is indeed possible to pronounce consonants together without articulating a vowel sound. other times the letters before and after the hyphen will be pronounced together. the definite article (the word “the”) is made by adding the letter “L”. For now what‟s important is that you understand the transcription. not an indicator or pronunciation. see page 207. In reality.com . which is the break between vowels as heard in the English exclamation “uh oh”. So it is possible. it is made by doubling the first letter. the hyphen does not necessarily indicate a change in pronunciation. These two verbs are pronounced differently. That is to say. Sometimes the rhythm of speech may seem to break with the hyphen. This is normal in TashlHeet. You pronounce these consonants (s. so you must pay attention to doubled letters in the transcription. Which side is correct? Well. The only challenge with More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. Think about the word “street”. however. When you see an apostrophe. Pronounce them with a break in the middle. since we have always been taught that all words must contain a vowel sound. for example. The verb “to water” does have a shedda in the Arabic script. it indicates a “glottal stop”. For others. t. In these instances. if you see an apostrophe you should not connect the sounds before the apostrophe with the sounds after the apostrophe. you do it a lot in English at the beginning of words. Another symbol you will sometimes see is the apostrophe („). you will see a hyphen used in the transcription: it indicates the definite article. TashlHeet  5 Notice that these two verbs are spelled differently in the transcription. In both cases. The verb “to drink” does not have a shedda on the “s” in Arabic script.

The transcription words. that is to say. Why not just write “sh”? A final point about the transcription. At times it may seem overly complicated to someone beginning TashlHeet. That said. However. with certain consonant combinations. for example. Part o learning TashlHeet is becoming comfortable with new consonants combinations and practicing those combinations without necessarily placing a vowel in the middle. only include characters for vowels when there really is a vowel in the word. but it has been carefully thought out and in the end it is the easiest system possible. but it is better to accustom yourself to this as early as you can. it sound to the English speaker like there is a vowel in the middle. All of this concerns a larger point: the transcription system used in this book may appear complex at first. In this case. It may seem difficult at first. in TashlHeet it is normal for the /h/ sound to follow the /s/ sound. the sooner you can make the transition to reading Arabic script.com . The “vowel” is in reality just the normal sound made as one consonant sounds transitions to another. most English speakers will hear something that sounds like the word “stir”. why doesn‟t it just use “sh” for the /sh/ sound? The answer is this: well. If we use the “sh” to represent /sh/ sound. try for a moment to pronounce only the letters “str”. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.6  Peace Corps/Morocco TashlHeet is that the consonant combinations are new for English speakers (you don‟t put the /sh/ sound next to the /m/ sound. but in TashlHeet we do. the easier it will be to pronounce TashlHeet correctly. even if there isn‟t. For example. not the whole word “street”. you will notice. because it possible to represent /s/ plus /h/ and /sh/ plus /h/ (yes. there would not be any way to represent /s/ plus /h/ sound. in TashlHeet both these combinations are used).

com . Greetings are not to be compared with the quick American “HI”. thanks be to God”. “how are you?” requires only a simple “fine. their families. It is also not necessary to give an overly detailed response to a greeting-only the usual response is expected. or putting one‟s hand over one‟s heart after shaking hands). and life in general.e. Cultural points. Greetings and farewells (goodbyes) are two important aspects of Moroccan life. For example. Do not be surprised if you are in a group and you are not greeted as others are in the group (people may be shy to greet a stranger). It takes time for two people to exchange different questions and answers which interest them about each other. then the way you greet the first person is the way you should greet everyone in the group. Greetings change from one region to another. kissing cheeks head or hands. shaking hands. If you greet a group of people. you will be able to:  Greet people and introduce yourself in TashlHeet. Don‟t be surprised if you are greeted by a friend but he does not introduce you to other people with whom he may be talking. TashlHeet  7 GREETING Objective: By the end o this chapter. both in the questions posed and in the fashion of the greeting (i. How do people greet each other in different cultures? More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

‫إضَْى‬ Your name… ismnk… (m) .. labas. s-salamu ‫ع‬alaykum ٌُ‫عيَين‬ َ ًُ ‫اىطَال‬ B: Peace be upon you too. l-нamdullah ‫ اىحََ ُذ هلل‬،‫ال باش‬ labas. Wa ‫ع‬alaykum s-salam ً‫عيَينٌُ اىطَال‬ َ ‫َو‬ A: Good morning sbaH l-xir ‫صباح اىخير‬ B: Good morning sbaH l-xir ‫صباح اىخير‬ A: Good afternoon msa l-xir ‫ٍطا اىخير‬ B: Good afternoon msa l-xir ‫ٍطا اىخير‬ Name ism ٌ‫إِض‬ What‟s your name? madak ism? (m) ‫ٍا داك إضٌ؟‬ madam ism? (f) ‫ٍا داً إضٌ؟‬ ma ysmnk? (m) ‫ٍا يطَْل؟‬ ma ysmnm? (f) ‫ٍا يطٌَْ؟‬ My name… isminu… ....8  Peace Corps/Morocco Vocabulary: Greeting expressions A: Peace be upon you.com .. thanks be to God..ٌَْ‫إض‬ His/her name… ismns… ‫إضَْص‬ Nice to meet you. nškrt i rbbi ‫ ّشنرث إ ربِي‬،‫ال باش‬ Goodbye. ay awn rbbi ‫أيعاوُ ربي‬ How are you? manzakin? (m)/manzakmin (f) ‫ ٍاّسمَيِ؟‬/‫ٍاّسميِ؟‬ is thnna? ‫إش حهْا؟‬ Good. thanks. mtšrfin ِ‫ٍخشرفي‬ How are you? mamnk a tgit? ‫ٍَْل أ خﮕيج‬ Are you fine? labas? ‫ال باش؟‬ Good. isaqsa gik l-xir (m) ‫إضقطا ﮔيك اىخير‬ isaqsa gim l-xir (f) ‫إضقطا ﮔيً اىخير‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.‫إضَْل‬ ismnm…(f) .

Chris : samнiyyi. imma kmmi ? Amina : labas.com . More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. ima kyyi? Chris : isminu Chris. Amina : mamnk a tgit ? Chris : labas. Chris : wa ‫ع‬alaykum s-salam. TashlHeet  9 Greetings dialogue Amina : s-salamu ‫ع‬alaykum. madam ism? Amina : isminu Amina. nškrt i rbbi. Chris : mtšrfin. Amina : mtšrfin. l-Hamullah.

More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.10  Peace Corps/Morocco GRAMMATICAL POINTS 1. POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS. In order to express possession in TashlHeet the combination of the preposition “n. I nkki ً ّ‫ٴى‬ You (masculine singular) kyyi ً ٍِ ‫و‬ You (feminine singular). singular plural My _nu / inu * Our _nġ Your (m) _nk Your (m) _nun Your (f) _nm your (f) _nunt His _ns Their (m) _nsn Her _ns Their (f) _nsnt * “my” (nu) is used for word ending in vowels. ْ " (of) and a suffix (ending) is added to the end of words. kmmi ًّ ّ‫و‬ He ntta ‫ٴزّب‬ She nttat ‫ٴزّب د‬ We nkni ً ٕ ‫ٴى‬ You (masculine plural) knni ً ّٕ ‫و‬ You (feminine plural) knninti ً ‫و ّٕ ٍٕز‬ They (masculine) ntni ً ٕ ‫ٴز‬ They (feminine) ntnti ً ‫ٴزٕز‬ 2. while (inu) is used for words ending in consonants. INDEPENDENT PRONOUNS.com .

P) l-ktabnun Your book (F. (i) or (u) are masculine. MASCULINE AND FEMININE NOUNS. TashlHeet  11 Example of a word ending in a vowel: House tigmmi My house tigmminu Your house (M. In general. S) tigmminm His house /Her house tigmmins Our house tigmminġ Your house (M. P) l-ktabnunt Their book (M) l-ktabnsn Their book (F) l-ktabnsnt 3. all nouns beginning with (a). P) tigmminun Your house (F. S) l-ktabnm His /her book l-ktabns Our book l-ktabnġ Your book (M.com . S) l-ktabnk Your book (F. S) tigmmink Your house (F. P) tigmminunt Their house (M) tigmminsn Their house (F) tigmminsnt Example of a word ending in a consonant: Book l-ktab My book l-ktabinu Your book (M. For example: More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

 Those which have retained their Arabic form.Masculine nouns a) Arabic nouns that have the same form as TashlHeet nouns (initial vowel). More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. they follow the same rules.12  Peace Corps/Morocco Man argaz Satan iblis Rain anzar Moon ayyur Heart ul In general. For example: Bee tizwit Bride tislit Bottle taqr‫ع‬it Nose tinxar Sun tafukt Grass tuga There are many Arabic words that have been integrated into the TashlHeet language. The Arabic noun is prefixed with the vowel َ‫( أ‬a): Soldier a‫ع‬skri Carpenter anjjar Welder aнddad/ s-sudur These nouns behave the same way as the TashlHeet nouns. We divide these words into two categories:  Those which have become part of TashlHeet. all nouns beginning with ‫( د‬t) are feminine.com . .

prefixed with the definite article.Feminine nouns 1) For those words already possessing the TashlHeet feminine marker ‫د‬ (t). Broom tašttabt Cartridge talqrtast Garden tal‫ع‬rst Bag talxnšt Bottle taqr‫ع‬it 2) Words that have retained their Arabic form.com . Threshold l-‫ع‬tbt Dagger l-kmmiyt World d-dunit Gas tank l-buta School l-mdrasa Tape recorder l-musjjala More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. we change the final Arabic feminine marker ‫( أ‬a) to ‫( د‬t). TashlHeet  13 b) Nouns which have retained their Arabic form*: Charcoal l-faxr Brazier l-mjmr Glass l-kas Market s-suq Box s-snduq Door l-bab .

Rooster afullus Hen tafullust Boy afrux Girl tafruxt Berber (m) ašlнi Berber (f) tašlнit Nurse (m) afrmli Nurse (f) tafrmlit Groom asli Bride taslit isli tislit Worker (M) axddam Worker (F) taxddamt Certain feminine nouns are different from their masculine noun counterparts. we distinguish between the “constructed” form and the “isolated” form of certain nouns. By the “constructed” form. we mean the change More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.14  Peace Corps/Morocco Court l-mнkama Brush š-šita Car t-tumubil Room l-bit .How to form a feminine noun: Generally. we form the feminine of a masculine noun by adding a t (‫ ) د‬both at the beginning and at the end of the noun. Man argaz ‫َرگبز‬ ‫ أ‬Woman tamġart Bull azgr ‫ أَزگر‬Cow tafunast Ram izimmr ‫إِز ٌّّر‬ Ewe tili Brother (my) gma ‫گّب‬ Sister (my) ultma Son (my) iwi ‫إِوي‬ Daughter (my) illi 4.com . CONSTRUCTED AND ISOLATED NOUNS. In TashlHeet.

t‫ع‬um ġ wasif. tamġart (‫)رَّؽبر د‬. ddiġ s uduwwar. asif (‫َض ٍؿ‬ ‫)أ‬. the vowel changes from (a) ( ) to (wa) ( ): River asif  wasif Water aman  waman For certain feminine nouns beginning with (ta) (َ‫) د‬or ti (‫)رِـ‬. zriġ tamġart (‫)زر ٌػ رَّؽبر د‬. or when they act as direct objects: zriġ argaz (‫َرگبز‬ ‫)زر ٌػ أ‬. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. She swam in the river. ddan s tнanut. isawl d urgaz. but do undergo changes in the following instances: 1. We went home. ddiġ s tagant.. We rode on a mule. They went to the shop. He talked to the man. This is mainly true with words beginning with (a) ( ). we drop the a (_ َ )r the i (_ ِ )in the “constructed” from: Woman tamġart  tmġart House tigmmi  tgmmi These nouns do not undergo changes when they are used in the isolated form (by themselves): argaz (‫َرگبز‬ ‫)أ‬. Under the influence of certain prepositions: The road of Agadir aġaras n ugadir I went to the village. ini f tsrdunt.com . etc. She gave it to the woman. TashlHeet  15 of the initial syllable of certain nouns. This vowel changes to (u) (ُ ): Man argaz  urgaz For certain nouns. ndda s tgmmi. I went to the forest. however. tfkat i tmġart.

one): One man yan urgaz One woman yat tmġart One day yan was 3. s-suq. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. Where is the house? maniġ tlla tgmmi? There is straw in the illa walim ġ waman.16  Peace Corps/Morocco Notice in the last example.com . As a subject following the verb: The boy is in the illa ufrux ġ tgmmi. forest) didn‟t change. house. The man went to the idda urgaz s souq. the word tagant (‫ب ٴ ذ‬ ‫رَگ‬. Here are some other nouns that do not change: Mare tagmart Back tadawt Goat taġat Brazier takat Fig tazart Neighbor tadjart Salt tisnt Meal tirmt Eye titt Garlic tiskrt Date tiyni 2. water. After the number yan/yat (‫يات‬/‫يان‬.

s) goat 9-his hand More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. nškrt i rbbi. s) hand 4-their (f) book 7-Their (m) goat 2-Our book 5-your (f. labas? Rashida: labas isaqsa gik l-xir. p) carpet 8-Her hand 3-My carpet 6-your (f. imma kyyi madak ism ? Brahim: ay‫ع‬awn rbbi. Exercise 2: use the following words with the appropriate possessive pronouns. imma kyyi ? Brahim: sbaH l-xir Rashida: isminu Rachida. Goat taġat Hand afus Carpet tazrbit Book l-ktab 1-Your (m. Brahim: mtšrfin Rashida: ay‫ع‬awn rbbi Brahim: isminu brahim Rashida: mtšrfin Brahim: labas. bslama. madam ism ? Rashida: sbaH l-xir Brahim: manzakmin. samhiyyi.com . TashlHeet  17 PRACTICE Exercise 1: Put the dialogue in the right order.

I am American (m) nkki giġ amirikani. Men should not enquire about the wives or other female relations of someone this could be seen as expressing an inappropriate interest. cities. Cultural Points Avoid asking about the salary and age (sometimes) of people. and marital status. I am(m) from Morocco nkki giġ g l-mġrib. I am (f) from the US nkki giġ ult mirikan.com . I am Moroccan (f) nkki giġ tamġribit. I am Moroccan (m) nkki giġ amġribi. especially women. People won‟t always tell you about their jobs and other personal concerns if not asked.18  Peace Corps/Morocco PERSONAL INFORMATION Objective: by the end of this chapter. age. I am American (f) nkki giġ tamirikanit. Religion can be a sensitive issue and sometimes people are not willing to express their views. I am (f) from Morocco nkki giġ ult l-mġrib. Vocabulary Where are you (m) from? g mani tgit? Where are you (f) from? ult mani tgit? I am (m) from the US nkki giġ g mirikan. Where are you from? mani gan tamazirt? Where are you (m) from in umani tgit ġ mirikan? the US? Where are you (f) from in ultmani tgit ġ mirikan? the US? More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. you will be able to:  Ask and answer questions about nationalities.

? is tgit… ? Are you American? is tgit amirikani / (m. TashlHeet  19 Are you …. f) imma kyyi/kmmi? City tamdint State wilaya Big (f) tmqqur / txatr Small tmzzi Excuse me samнiyyi I am not… ur giġ… But walakin/walaynni Married (m. urta Are you a tourist? is tgit turist? I work with the Peace ar txdamġ d ha‟yat Corps s-salam. Steve: mani ġ l-mġrib? Brahim: nkki giġ g tata.com . Brahim: mani ġ mirikan? Steve: Washington Brahim: is tga Washington tamdint imzzin? More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. not yet uhu. f) tamirikanit? And you? (m. imma kyyi? Steve: nkki giġ amirikani. umani tgit? Brahim: nkki giġ amġribi. Dialogue Steve: samнiyyi. f) itahl/ttahl No.

Brahim: mtšrfin. urta. Brahim: ula nkki. imma kyyi? 26 Brahim: nkki dari 30 usggas. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. washington tga tamdint imqqurn.com . bslama. is tahlt? 30 Steve: uhu.20  Peace Corps/Morocco Steve: uhu. mnnaw isggasn dark? Steve: 26 usggas. nkki ar txdamġ d hay‟at s-salam. Steve: bslama. is tgit turist? Steve: uhu. Brahim: samнiyyi.

TashlHeet  21 GRAMMATICAL POINTS 1. p) tgam You are (f. s) tllit He is illa She is tlla We are nlla You are (m. THE VERB “TO BE” In tashlHeet. to be in a place. to exist”. g I am giġ You are (m/f. p) tllamt They are (m) llan They are (f) llant  “to Be”: state of being. st The 1 denotes “be in a place. s) tgit He is iga She is tga We are nga You are (m. become.com . become. while the 2nd denotes “state of being. p) tllam You are (f. put.  “to Be”: to exist. ili I am lliġ You are (m/f. p) tgamt They are (m) gan More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. the verb “to be” can take two forms: (ili) and (g). put‟.

and those are used often in TashlHeet.22  Peace Corps/Morocco They are (f) gant Examples: The donkey is in the field. we use them by themselves. He put the water in the iga amam ġ tqr‫ع‬it. The water is in the bottle. aġyul iga l-bhimt. aman llan ġ tqr‫ع‬it. I want that. When we use them before a noun. Think about how we use these words in English. bottle. Those smell lovely. these. Samira tga tafrmlit. which you will use first as beginner. we use them before a noun. unlike in English. they are called demonstrative pronouns. This is John‟s. but it is necessary to pay attention to whether they are before a noun or not. Samira tlla ġ s-sbitar. aġyul illa ġ igr. Samira is in the hospital. Those flowers smell lovely. like in English. they are called demonstrative adjectives. The donkey is an animal. In this case. Sometimes. It isn‟t necessary to know their names. ADJECTIVES AND INDEFINITE PRONOUNS This.com . DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS. I like these towels. Samira is a nurse. Sometimes. This car is John‟s. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. Let‟s first look at the pronoun forms in TashlHeet. that. in TashlHeet we must be aware of wether they act as adjectives or pronouns. I like these. 2. But. I want that book.

which indicate place. These demonstrative adjectives. Moroccans should understand you even if you make an error with gender however. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.Demonstrative adjectives. Is it this (m) or that (f)? izd ġwad nġd xttan? I want these and those. b. Demonstrative Masculine Feminine pronouns This ġwad xttad These ġwin xttid That ġwan xttan Those ġwin xttin Examples: What‟s this? (m) ma yga ġwad This is a chair. riġ ġwid d ġwin.com . TashlHeet  23 a. Sometimes in English. I don‟t like that.Neutral demonstratives. xttan tga t-tlfaza. For example: . not about specific things. In TashlHeet. you may have difficulty knowing whether to use masculine or feminine forms of this or that.Demonstrative pronouns. we use the words this and that to talk about a general situation. different expressions are used for these meanings. What‟s that? (f) ma tga xttan? That‟s a TV.some of the students are late for class. come always after noun. This thing / these things ġayad That thing /those things ġayan c. At first. ġwad iga l-kursi.

When ad (‫ )أَد‬or an (ْ َ‫ )أ‬comes after a noun that ends with a vowel. dark. we prefix the (y) (‫ )ي‬to the ad or an. These men plowed the irgaznad krzn igran. illa ġ r-rwa. aydiyan ixšn. wayyad other one is in the barn. The demonstrative indefinite pronoun: “the other. Those chickens are ifullusnan sнan. the souq. fields. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. the others” Demonstrative Masculine Feminine pronouns The other (one) wayyad tayyad The others wiyyad tiyyad Examples: I have one and you have tlla dari yat. the yan wayyis illa ġid. One horse is here. That flower is dead. d.com .Demonstrative indefinite pronouns. tayyad tlla the other.24  Peace Corps/Morocco This/ these ad This country is big tamazirtad tmqqur These girls are beautiful tifrxinad Hlant These fields are small igranad mzzin This carpet is nice tazrbitad tHla That/ those an That dog is ugly. ajddigan immut. the others went to wiyyad ddan s s-suq. healthy.

These are mine. s) winm tinm His/ hers wins tins Ours winġ tinġ Yours (m. p) winnunt tinnunt Theirs (m) winsn tinsn Theirs (f) winsnt tinsnt Examples: This is my book. ġwid gan idudaninu. Possessive Masculine Feminine pronoun Mine winu tinu Yours (m. ġwad iga winġ. THE POSSESSIVE WORD “win/ tin” ( ).com . Whose is this? (f) tin mit a tga xttad? This is theirs. ġwad iga l-ktabinu. ġwad iga winu. Whose is this? (m) win mit a yga ġwad? This is ours. This is mine. you have already learned that possession can be expressed by adding the possessive pronouns to the end of a word (see page 10). xttad tga tinsnt. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. In TashlHeet. p) winnun tinnun Yours (f. Another way to express possession is through the word “win” (m)/ “tin” (f) ( ). These are my fingers. TashlHeet  25 3. s) wink tink Yours (f. The same possessive pronouns you learned before are attached to the end of win/tin ( ). which must agree with the gender of the noun. ġwid gan winu.

com . 1 d-dwayad iga ………………………………… s-sndala n Nancy d Lisa. tigmmi n SalH. teach him how to fish. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. d-dwa n Amanda. 3 tirmtad tga …………………………………………. tirmt n Jack d Aicha. 2 s-sndalayad tga ……………………………….26  Peace Corps/Morocco PRACTICE Exercise 1: substitute the underlined words by the corresponding possessive pronoun ending. 4 tigmmiyad tga …………………………………… BERBER WISDOM Yuf yan ak imlan yan ank ifkan. The one who teaches you is better than the one who gives you. English equivalent: Instead of giving one‟s a fish..

‫ضع ٍذ‬ ____________ ? Q: ________________? Ahmed A: ________________aнmd.com . ‫_______________؟‬ ? . TashlHeet  27 Exercise 2: Ask a question about possession for each picture.‫____________عسٌس‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. Hassan bišklit ad? A: l-bišklit ad iga win ‫وِ ْ ِ ِذ إِگب اٌجػى ٍٍذ أَد؟‬ . The first one is for you. give the correct answer.ٓ َ‫اٌجِػىٍٍذ أَد إِگب وِ ْ َدط‬ нassan. ? Said Q: _______________? A: _____________s‫ع‬id. Then.‫أدّذ‬ ____________ Q: ___________________? Aziz A: ______________‫ع‬aziz. Q: win mit iga l. ‫_______________؟‬ . ‫_______________؟‬ ? .

com . More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.28  Peace Corps/Morocco Exercise 3: complete each section of this dialogue.

drinking. TashlHeet  29 USEFUL EXPRESSIONS Here are some expressions to help you with homestay. ur gigi mayšttan I want just / only… riġ ġir … I don‟t want to have ur riġ ad fdrġ breakfast. The food is delicious. etc) Thanks to God. ar šttaġ ġir l-xdrt I don‟t feel like eating. tirmt tmmim. skkar I eat everything. MEALTIME EXPRESSIONS In the name of God. working. ar šttaġ kulši I eat vegetables only. l-Hmdullah (said ater finishing a meal. traveling. bismillah (said when you begin an activity: eating. travel. and other situations where your language may not yet be at a point where you are able to communicate well in TashlHeet.com . studying. or qfter expressing that all is well in life) ura šttaġ … tifiyyi I don‟t eat … Meat tiglay Eggs islman Fish ifullusn Chiken I drink tea/ coffee ar ssaġ atay / l-qhwa bla without sugar. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

ur iga jmil More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. coming out of the Hammam. I want to learn how to riġ ad t‫ع‬llmġ ad snuġ.30  Peace Corps/Morocco I‟m full. (used often when asking for a ayrHm rbbi service/ information or to l-walidayn express gratitude to someone) ak isrbH rbbi.com . meal to thank the host) To your health bsннa. etc) May God grant your health too. May God replenish / reward you. May God bless your lla yrHm l-walidin parents. (said after a ayxlf rbbi. (m) Thank you. (f) bla jmil. cook. akm isrbH rbbi. lla y‫ع‬tik s-sннa (response to the above) THANKING EXPRESSIONS Thank you. wearing new clothes. šb‫ع‬aġ. šukran. ( said to someone after eating. having a hair cut. You „re welcome. drinking.

TashlHeet  31 EXPRESSIONS FOR NIGHTTIME/ SLEEPING I‟m tired. I want to read a little bit. riġ ad gnġ.com . riġ aman rġanin I want to take a shower. riġ ad nkrġ zik. s-sabun. Where can I do laundry? maniġ rad sbbnġ? More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. l-manta. rmiġ. bed. I want hot water. riġ ad ġrġ imik. I wane to go to bed. I want to get up early. I want to change my riġ ad bddlġ l-нwayjinu. riġ ad gnġ zik. Where is the toilet? maniġ tlla bitlma? I want to do laundry. please. Where I am going to sleep? maniġ rad gnġ? Excuse me I want to go to samнiyyi. riġ yat l-kašša/ I want a blanket. hammam. I want to brush my teeth. riġ ad sbbnġ l-нwayjinu. I want to go to bed early. riġ ad dduġ ad gnġ. HYGIENE/ CLEANLINESS EXPRESSIONS I want to wash my hands riġ ad ssirdġ ifassninu s with soap. clothes. riġ ad ssirdġ uxsansinu. riġ ad duwwšġ I want to go to the riġ ad dduġ s l-нammam.

riġ ad sunfuġ. Is the meter on ? is ixdm l-kuntur? Turn on the meter.com . fkiyyi… ‫ع‬afakm... ssxdm l-kuntur. mridġ. fkiyyi… ‫ع‬afak. (f) ASKING FOR PERMESSION Is it ok if I …? is waxxa …? Is it possible to …? is ymkn ad …? Am I able to …? is zdarġ ad . Do you feel better... (m) Give me … please. please. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.. Take me to … please. I want to rest a bit. bdd ġġid.32  Peace Corps/Morocco OFFERING HELP/ ASKING FOR FAVORS izd ak ‫ع‬awnġ? (m) Can I help you? izd akm ‫ع‬awnġ? (f) Excuse me. ‫ع‬afak.? BEING SICK I‟m sick. Stop here. ‫ع‬afak. awiyyi s . is tmdarat?/is tjjit? TRANSPORTATION EXPRESSIONS I want to go to … riġ ad dduġ s . please. samнiyyi. ‫ع‬afak.

l-lah ibark fik. I don‟t know. COMMUNICATIONS I don‟t understand. ur ssnġ. (to a ‫ع‬awd ‫ع‬afakm. ur fhmġ. woman) What did you say? ma tnnit? BERBER WISDOM Yan ibbi ulgmad ar tissiwid izikr. Slowly please. ‫ع‬afak. There is no problem. Repeat please. English equivalent: Once bitten. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. fk l-xatr. mbruk! Happy holiday. TashlHeet  33 RESPONCES TO PROBLEMS/ DIFFICULTIES/ APPOLOGIES It‟s not a problem. mbruk l-‫ع‬id. Repeat please. twice shy. ihnna l-нal. (to a man) ‫ع‬awd ‫ع‬afak. maši muškil. The one bitten by a snake is afraid of ropes. CONGRATULATIONS Congratulations. May God grant you grace.com .

harm.34  Peace Corps/Morocco GOD PHRASES May God bless your lla yrнm l-walidin. tbark llah ‫ع‬lik. condolences)for someone‟s ad as iġfr rbbi. toward a sick person) May God not show you any adak ur iml rbbi l-bas. (used often when asking for a service /information or to express gratitude to someone) Our parents and yours. walidina u walidik.com . (a response to the above) May God cure you. deeds. death) May God make your child a llah yslн. ullah. (a response to the above) I swear to God. lla ybark fik. (used to offer ayrzq rbbi s-sbr. (expresses that what you More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. (a response to the above) adam ur iml rbbi l-bas. (used when saying goodbye to a friend or congratulating him /her on a job well done) May God grant you grace. May God magnify the good a yrHm rbbi. (used to complement a parent on his /her child) May God grant you grace. parents. (used to show sympathy ad yawi rbbi š-šifa. good person.

and honor. la šukran ‫ع‬ala wajib.) Used to express “excuse me” нašak. Response to the above. etc. ‫ع‬afak. lla ysllmk. iġ ak iga l-xatr. (said to beggars) Other expressions Would you please help me? ‫ع‬awniyi.” May God grant you pride ‫ع‬zzk llah. It‟s all right. easier. May God make your life lla yshl.com . God forgives. It is also used when the speaker mentions words like “donkey” or “trash. lla ysamн. TashlHeet  35 said was true. (m) iġ am iga l-xatr. There is no harm. I you don‟t mind. (no harm ihnna l-Hal done). when someone does something for you. (f) It‟s my pleasure. pours water over your hands to wash them. nttat ayzwarn You‟re welcome. such as: hands you socks or shoes. (used as a response to the above) Used on the arrival of ‫ع‬la slamtk. ur gis bas More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. somebody after a trip.

com . ur iga šġlnk. thnna l-uqt I‟m going on… rad dduġ as n. It‟s none o your business.. s TashlHeet? tašlнit? Is there another word? is tlla kra n l-klmt yadni? Is there an easy word? is tlla kra n l-klmt irxan? More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.. How do we say … in mamnk sa nttini. dark l-нqq. (f) Watch out! ‫ع‬ndak! Move aside. ttafqġ didk..36  Peace Corps/Morocco (response to apology) That‟s fine. нšuma Shame on you. нšuma fllak/fllam.. srbi. I agree with you. balak.. (f) Hurry up. I‟ll be back on … rad wrriġ as n.. You are right. Really?/! irbbi ?/! It‟s shameful. (m) ttafqġ didm. (m) ur iga šġlnm.

we start with the cardinal numbers.  Ask and answer questions about time.. CARDINAL NUMBERS. third.. TashlHeet  37 NUMERALS Objective: By the end o this chapter. They are different than ordinal numbers (first. second. see page 212.. you will be able to:  Count in Arabic and TashlHeet. three.). If you want to know about TashlHeet numbers.. We will work with ordinal numbers and fractions later. 1. one fourth.. two. one third. In TashlHeet we usually use Arabic numbers except for the numbers: one.).com .  Combine numbers with nouns to indicate amounts. For now. One (m) yan ْ ‫ٌب‬ One (f) yat ‫ٌب د‬ One (Arabic) waнd ‫وادذ‬ Two (m) sin ٓ ٍ‫ض‬ Two (f) snat ‫ضٕب د‬ Two (Arabic) juj ‫جىج‬ Three (m) krad ‫وراض‬ Three (f) krat ‫وراغ‬ Three (Arabic) tlata ‫الرخ‬ Four rb‫ع‬a ‫ثعخ‬ ‫ر‬ Five xmsa ‫خّطخ‬ Six stta ‫ضزّخ‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. Cardinal numbers refer to the normal numbers we use (one.  Numbers 1 through 10.) and fractions (one-half.. two and three.

we do the following: number (matched with gender) + singular noun. For the number 1. we do the following: number + n (ْ ) + plural noun Four cows rb‫ع‬a n tfunsasin ٓ ٍ‫ض‬ ‫فىٴب‬ ْ‫ثعخ ْ ر‬ ‫ر‬ Ten dirhams ‫ع‬šra n d-drahm ُ ‫عػرح ْ اٌ ذراه‬  Numbers 11 through 19.com . Eleven нdaš ‫دعب ظ‬ Twelve tnaš ‫ؼٕب ظ‬ Thirteen tltaš ‫رٍؽّب ظ‬ Fourteen rb‫ع‬taš ‫رثعؽب ظ‬ Fifteen xmstaš ‫خّطؽب ظ‬ Sixteen sttaš ‫ضؽّب ظ‬ Seventeen sb‫ع‬taš ‫ضجعؽب ظ‬ Eighteen tmntaš ‫رّٕؽب ظ‬ Nineteen ts‫ع‬taš ‫رطعؽب ظ‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. one One man (a man) yan urgaz ‫ُرگبز‬ ‫ٌ بْ أ‬ One woman (a woman) yat tmġart ‫ٌب د رّْؽبر د‬ For the numbers 2 and 3. 38  Peace Corps/Morocco Seven sb‫ع‬a ‫ضجعخ‬ Eight tmnya ‫رّ ٕ ٍخ‬ Nine ts‫ع‬ud ‫رْطعىد‬ Ten ‫ع‬šra ‫عػرح‬  Combining TashlHeet numbers with nouns.

however. TashlHeet  39  Numbers 20. it is not like English.. 30. For numbers such as 21. like in English. 22. For a multiple of ten (20. In TashlHeet. with examples of numbers between each multiple: Twenty ‫ع‬šrin ٓ ٌ ‫عػر‬ Twenty-one waнd u ‫ع‬šrin ٓ ٌ ‫وادذ و عػر‬ literally: one and twenty Twenty-two tnayn u ‫ع‬šrin ٓ ٌ ‫ر َٕ ٍ ٓ و عػر‬ literally: two and twenty Twenty-three tlata u ‫ع‬šrin ٓ ٌ ‫الرخ و عػر‬ literally: three and twenty Twenty-four rb‫ع‬a u ‫ع‬šrin ٓ ٌ ‫ثعخ و عػر‬ ‫ر‬ Thirty tlatin ٓ ٍ ‫الر‬ Thirty-one waнd u tlatin ٓ ٍ ‫وادذ ورالر‬ Thirty-two tnayn u tlatin ٓ ٍ ‫ر َٕ ٍ ٓ و رالر‬ Thirty-three tlata u tlatin ٓ ٍ ‫الرخ و رالر‬ Forty rb‫ع‬in ٓ ٍ ‫ثع‬ ‫ر‬ Forty-one waнd u rb‫ع‬in ٓ ٍ ‫ثع‬ ‫و ادذ و ر‬ Forty-two tnayn u rb‫ع‬in ٓ ٍ ‫ر َٕ ٍ ٓ و رثع‬ Fifty xmsin ٓ ٍ ‫خّط‬ Sixty sttin ٓ ٍ ّ‫ضز‬ Seventy sb‫ع‬in ٓ ٍ ‫ضجع‬ Eighty tmanin ٓ ٍ ‫رّب ٴ‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. the “ones” digit is pronounced first.com . 99. 40 etc.” then followed by the “tens” digit. in Tashlheet the number 21 is literally “one and twenty” while the number 47 is literally “seven and forty. 40 . or 23. For example. 30.” Here is a list of the multiples of ten..) in TashlHeet. followed by the word “and. we simply use the name for that number.

For 200. we use the short form of the numbers 3 thru 9 plus miya.. there is a dual form of miyatayn. we can combine a number and a noun like this: number +n (ُ) singular noun . 200..com . Eighteen years tmntaš n usggas ‫ُضگّبش‬ ‫رّٕؽبظ ْ أ‬  Numbers 100. 300 . For 300 thru 900.40  Peace Corps/Morocco Ninety ts‫ع‬in ٓ ٍ ‫رطع‬ Ninety-nine ts‫ع‬ud u ts‫ع‬in ٓ ٍ ‫رطعىد ورطع‬ For numbers 20 through ∞. For numbers such as 107 or 257. 999 The Arabic word for 100 is miya. Numbers Full form Short form ‫الرخ‬ tlt Three tlata Four ‫ثعخ‬ ‫ر‬ rb‫ع‬ rb‫ع‬a ‫خّطخ‬ xms Five xmsa ‫ضزخ‬ stt Six stta Seven ‫ضجعخ‬ sb‫ع‬ sb‫ع‬a ‫رّ ٕ ٍخ‬ tmn Eight tmnya Nine ‫رطعىد‬ ts‫ع‬ ts‫ع‬ud One hundred miya ‫ِـ ٍّـخ‬ One hundred one literally: one hundred and miya u waнd ‫ِ ٍّخ و وادذ‬ one One hundred two literally: one hundred and miya u juj ‫ِ ٍّخ و جىج‬ two One hundred ten miya u ‫ع‬šra ‫ِ ٍّخ و عػرح‬ literally: one hundred and More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. we will use the appropriate multiple of 100 followed by the word “and” and then the rest of the number.

TashlHeet  41 ten One hundred eleven miya u нdaš ‫ِ ٍّخ و دعب ظ‬ One hundred twenty-one literally: one hundred and miya u waнd u ‫ع‬šrin ٓ ٌ ‫ِ ٍّخ و وادذ و عػر‬ one and twenty One hundred twenty-two miya u tnayn u ‫ع‬šrin ٓ ٌ ‫ِ ٍّخ و ر ٍَٕٓ و عػر‬ literally: one hundred and two and twenty One hundred ninety-nine miya u ts‫ع‬ud u ts‫ع‬in ٓ ٍ ‫ِ ٍّخ ورطعىدو رطع‬ Two hundred miyatayn ٓ ‫ِـ ٍَـزَـ ٍـ‬ Two hundred fifty-seven miyatayn u sb‫ع‬a u xmsin ٓ ٍ ‫جعخ و خّط‬ ‫ٍَِزَ ٍ ٓ وض‬ literally: two hundred and seven and fifty Three hundred tlt miya ‫رٍ ذ ِ ٍّخ‬ Three hundred forty-five tlt miya u xmsa u rb‫ع‬in ٓ ٍ ‫رٍ ذ ِ ٍّخ و خ ّطخ و رثع‬ literally: three hundred and five and forty Four hundred rb‫ ع‬miya ‫رثع ِ ٍّخ‬ Five hundred xms miya ‫خّص ِ ٍّخ‬ Six hundred stt miya ‫ض ذّ ِ ٍّخ‬ Seven hundred sb‫ ع‬miya Eight hundred tmn miya Nine hundred ts‫ ع‬miya ‫رطع ِ ٍّخ‬ Nine hundred ts‫ ع‬miya u ts‫ع‬ud u ts‫ع‬in ٓ ٍ ‫رطع ِ ٍّخو رطعىد ورطع‬ ninety-nine More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com .

3000 … The word for “thousand” has the singular form alf.com . From 1000 onward: One thousand alf ‫أٌؿ‬ One thousand one alf u waнd ‫أٌؿ و وادذ‬ One thousand fifteen alf u xmstaš ‫أٌؿ و خّطؽب ظ‬ One thousand three hundred sixty-seven alf u tlt miya u sb‫ع‬a u (literally: one thousand and ٓ ٍ ّ‫خ ٍّ و ضجعخ وضز‬ ِ ‫أٌؿ و رٍ ذ‬ sttin three hundred and seven and sixty) Two thousand alfayn ٓ ٍ‫ف‬ ٌ‫أ‬ Two thousand twenty- alfayn u tnayn u ‫ع‬šrin ٓ ٌ ‫أٌف ٍ ٓ و ر َٕ ٍ ٓ و عػر‬ two Three thousand tlt alaf ‫ر ٍذ أالؾ‬ Three thousand seven tlt alaf u sb miya u ٓ ٍ ‫أالؾضجع ِ ٍّخ و خ ّط‬ ‫ر ٍذ و‬ hundred and fifty xmsin Four thousand rb‫ ع‬alaf ‫رثع أالؾ‬ Five thousand xms alaf ‫خّص أالؾ‬ Six thousand stt alaf ‫ض ذّ أالؾ‬ Seven thousand sb‫ ع‬alaf ‫ضجع أالؾ‬ Eight thousand tmn alaf ‫ر ّٓ أالؾ‬ ine thousand ts‫ ع‬alaf ‫رطع أالؾ‬ Nine thousand nine ts‫ ع‬alaf u ts‫ ع‬miya u ‫رطع أالؾ و رطع ِ ٍّخ ورطعىد و‬ hundred ninety-nine ts‫ع‬ud u ts‫ع‬in ٓ ٍ ‫رطع‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. Then we return to the singular form (like we do for all Arabic nouns).42  Peace Corps/Morocco  Numbers 1000.g. 2000.” it is followed by “and” when the number is not an exact multiple of 1000 (e. the dual form alfayn. 1027 or 4738). and the plural form alaf. The plural form is used with the short form of the numbers 3 thru 10 from “3” thousand to “10” thousand. Like the word for “hundred.

com . Masculine Feminine The first amzwaru tamzwarut ‫ر َّسورو د‬ The second wissin tisnat ‫رِطٕب د‬ The third wiskrad tiskrat ‫رِطىراغ‬ The fourth wisrb a tisrb a ‫ثعخ‬ ‫رِطر‬ The fifth wisxmsa tisxmsa ‫رِ طخّطخ‬ The sixth wisstta tisstta ‫ِرطّزخ‬ The seventh wissb a tissb a ‫ِرطّجعخ‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. second. we add wis (‫ )وِش‬if the noun is masculine and tis (‫ )رِص‬if the noun is feminine. nine hundred ts‫ع‬in alf u ts‫ ع‬miya u ٓ ٍ ‫و رطع ٍِّخ و رطعىد ورطع‬ and ninety-nine ts‫ع‬ud u ts‫ع‬in  Larger numbers.) in tashlHeet. To form ordinal numbers (first. TashlHeet  43 Ten thousand ‫ع‬šr alaf ‫عػر أالؾ‬ Eleven thousand нdaš r alf ‫دعبظ ر أٌؿ‬ Two hundred thousand miyatayn alf ‫ٍَِز ٍَٓ أٌؿ‬ Nine hundred ninety-nine ts‫ ع‬miya u ts‫ع‬ud u ‫رطع ِ ٍّخو رطعىد ورطع ٍ ٓ أٌؿ‬ thousand. for all numbers except 1. etc.ORDINAL NUMBERS. Singular Plural Million (s) mlyun ْ ‫ٍِ ٍى‬ mlayn Billion (s) mlyar ‫ٍٍِبر‬ mlayr 2. third.

F RACTIONS.com .44  Peace Corps/Morocco The eighth wistmnya tistmnya ‫رِطز ّ ٕ ٍخ‬ The ninth wists ud tists ud ‫رطزطعىد‬ The tenth wis šra tis šra ‫رِطعػرح‬ The last amggaru tamggwarut ‫زَ ّگارو د‬ 3. Half ns ‫ٴص‬ Third tulut ‫ر ٍُ ذ‬ Fourth rubu‫ ع‬/ rb‫ع‬ ‫ رثع‬/ ‫رُثُع‬ Fifth lxumus ‫ٌخ ُُّص‬ „ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

. . while for the others.. we use the Arabic prepositions. afak? ‫عفبن ؟‬ ٓ ّ ‫ِ ٕػه أٌٍى‬ What time is it.ُ ‫اٌجىج ولص‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.. and 11:00. . afak? ‫فبن ؟‬ ‫ِ ٕػهغ رطّبع ذ ع‬ It is … tlkm. we use the appropriate number with the Arabic definite article (see page 208 for more information on the definite article).. TashlHeet  45 TIME To express time. l-wнda nišan.ُ ‫رٍى‬ It is exactly one o‟clock. 5:00. 10:00. please? mnšk ġ tassa t.com . we will use the letter “L” before the number. This means that for 1:00. One l-wHda ‫ اٌىدذح‬Seven s-sb‫ع‬a ‫اٌطجعخ‬ Two j-juj ‫ اٌجىج‬Right t-tmnya ‫اٌ زّ ٕ ٍخ‬ Three t-tlata ‫ ٌزالرخ‬Nine t-ts‫ع‬ud ‫اٌزطعىد‬ Four r-rb‫ع‬a ‫ ا ٌر‬Ten ‫ثعخ‬ l. .ْ ‫اٌىدذح ٍٔػب‬ It is five minutes past j-juj u qsm. Before ql Twenty tulut ً ‫ل‬ ‫ر ٍُ ذ‬ minutes And U ‫و‬ Half ns ‫ٴص‬ Exactly nišan Quarter llarub ْ ‫ٍٔػب‬ ‫الّ رُ ة‬ to Quarter rb‫ع‬ Five qsm ‫رثع‬ ُ ‫لص‬ minutes Ten qsmayn ٓ ٍ َّ‫لص‬ minutes Some examples of asking and answering about time: mnšk aylkmn. we will double the first letter.šra ‫اٌعػرح‬ Fove l-xmsa ‫اٌخّطخ‬ Eleven l-Hdaš ‫اٌذعب ظ‬ Six s-stta ‫ اٌطزّخ‬Twelve t-tnaš ‫اٌؽٕب ظ‬ For telling time in TashlHeet.

. l-‫ع‬šra llarub. . . .‫اٌخّطخ و رثع ْ رذگّب د‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. It is seven thirty.M s-stta u ns n s-sbaн ‫جبح‬ ‫اٌطزّخ و ٴص ْ اٌص‬ 5:15 P. It is twenty five minutes s-stta u xmsa u ‫ع‬šrin. tmnya u xmsa u tlatin.ٓ ٌ ‫ا ٌطزّخ و خ ّطخ و عػر‬ past six. .‫جعخ و ٴص‬ ‫اٌط‬ It is eight thirty-five.‫اٌخّطخ و ر ٍُ ذ‬ five.ٓ ٍ َّ ‫اٌذعبظ لً لص‬ eleven. .‫اٌزطعىد لً ر ٍُ ذ‬ nine.‫ثعخ و رثع‬ ‫ا ٌر‬ It is twenty minutes past l-xmsa u tulut. It is a quarter past four. r-rb‫ع‬a u rb‫ع‬. .ٓ ٍ َّ‫ٌزالرخ و لص‬ three. s-sb‫ع‬a u ns. .M l-xmsa u rb‫ ع‬n tdggat .46  Peace Corps/Morocco two.ٓ ٍ ‫اٌ زّ ٕ ٍخ و خ ّطخ ورالر‬ It is twenty minutes to t-ts‫ع‬ud ql tulut.com .‫اٌعػرح الّ رو ة‬ It is ten minutes to l-нdaš ql qsmayn. . It is quarter to ten. It is ten minutes past t-tlata u qsmayn. 6:30 A.

__________ tfrxin (girls) ٓ ٍ ‫___________رفرخ‬ __________ tgmmi (house) ً ّ‫___________ ر گ‬ __________ stilu (pen) ‫___________ ضز ٍٍى‬ __________ tmġarin (women) ٓ ٌ ‫___________ رّْؽبر‬ __________ lotil (hotel) ً ٍ ‫___________ ٌىؼ‬ __________ irgazn (men) ْ ‫ِرگبز‬ ‫___________ إ‬ __________ afullus (chicken) ‫___________ أ َـىٌّىش‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. 20. 500. 3. 2 xms miya u ts‫ع‬taš ‫خّص ِ ٍخ ورطعؽب ظ‬ 298 xms alaf u tlt miya u ٓ ٍ ٕ ‫خّص أَالَؾ ورٍ ذ ِ ٍخ ور‬ tnayn u ‫ع‬šrin ٓ ٌ ‫وعػر‬ 147 ts‫ع‬ud u sttin ٓ ٍ ّ‫ضز‬ ‫رطعىد و‬ 519 alf u tnaš ‫أٌؿ وؼٕب ظ‬ 1012 miyatayn u tmnya u ts‫ع‬in ٓ ٍ ‫ٍَِزَ ٍ ٓ و رّ ٕ ٍخ ورطع‬ 69 sin (snat) )‫ضٕب د‬ (ٓ ٍ‫ض‬ 5322 miya u sb‫ع‬a u rb‫ع‬in ٓ ٍ ‫ِ ٍّخو ضجعخ ورثع‬ Exercise 2: correctly combine numbers with nouns by filling in the blanks using the following numbers and any necessary letters: 1. TashlHeet  47 PRACTICE Exercise 1: match the number with the correct translation. and 1000. 15.com . There may be more than one correct answer. 7.

More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. 10:30 l-wнda u qsm ُ ‫اٌىدذح و لص‬ 12:00 l-нdaš u qsmayn ٓ ٍ َّ ‫اٌذعبظو لص‬ 1:05 t-tnaš nišhan ْ ‫اٌؽٕبظ ٴ ٍػب‬ 2:20 l-‫ع‬šra ql tulut ‫اٌعػرح لً ر ٍُ ذ‬ 11:10 l-‫ع‬šra u ns ‫اٌعػرح و ٴص‬ 9:40 j-juj u tulut ‫اٌجىج و ر ٍُ ذ‬ Exercise 4: give the time for each clock or watch.com .48  Peace Corps/Morocco Exercise 3: match the times with the correct translation.

More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com .

com .50  Peace Corps/Morocco AT THE TAHANUT (‫)تحانوت‬ Vocabulary : Store taнanut ‫ رذب ٴى د‬Peanuts kaw kaw ‫وبووبو‬ Store bu tнanut ‫ ثى رذب ٴى د‬Almonds l-luz ‫اٌٍىز‬ keeper Soda l-monada ‫اٌّىٴبدا‬ Oil z-zit ‫اٌس ٌ ذ‬ Bottle of taqr‫ع‬it n ْ ‫رَمرع ٍ ذ‬ Chocolate š-šklat ‫اٌػىالغ‬ water waman ْ ‫َوِب‬ Candies l-нlwa ‫ ا ٌذٍىح‬Kleenex kliniks ‫وٍِِٕىص‬ Toilet pappiyi Gum l-mska ‫ا ٌّطىخ‬ ‫پّبپ ٍِ ً جِ ٕ ٍ ه‬ paper jinik Tooth Cookies l-kiks ‫اٌىٍىص‬ dontifris ‫ِفرٌص‬ ‫دوٴز‬ paste Juice l-‫ع‬asir ‫عصٍر‬ َ ٌ‫ ا‬Soap s-sabun ْ ‫اٌصبثى‬ Bread aġrum َ ‫ أَؼرو‬Shampoo š-šampwan ْ ‫جىا‬ َّ ‫اٌػ‬ Jam l-konfitur ‫فِزىر‬ ‫ اٌىىُ ٴ‬Detergent tid ‫ر ٍذ‬ Butter tamudit ‫ رّىد ٌ ذ‬Bleach jabil ً ٍ ‫جبث‬ Batteries l-нjrat n ْ ‫اٌذجرا د‬ Eggs tiglay ‫رِ الي‬ ‫اٌراد ٌى‬ r-radyu Yogurt danon ْ ‫ دا ٴى‬Razor r-razwar ‫ا ٌرازوار‬ Tobacco Milk l-нlib ‫اٌذ ٍ ٍت‬ s-saka ‫اٌصبوخ‬ store Coffee l-qhwa ‫اٌمهىح‬ Cigarettes l-garru ‫ٌگبرّو‬ ‫ا‬ Tea atay ‫ربي‬ ‫ أ‬Package l-bakit ‫جبو ٍ ذ‬ ٌ‫ا‬ Money l-flus/ /‫اٌفٍىش‬ Sugar s-skkar ‫اٌطىَر‬ iqaridn ٓ ‫ِلإبَر ٌع‬ Cheese l-frmaj ‫ اٌفرِبج‬Change s-srf ‫اٌصرؾ‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

ً ٍِ‫ ر‬/ّ‫ أور رال‬،‫أُ وهى‬ Give me . (m.. s)? is dark s-srf? ‫إِش دارن اٌصرؾ؟‬ Do you have change for... s)? is dark s-srf n . .. s) uhu.‫ع‬afak..‫ر ٌػ ٴص إِؼر و ْ ا ٌذٍ ٍت‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.ً ٌِ ‫ إ‬/ّ‫ أور إال‬،‫أُ وهى‬ No. riġ ns itru n l-нlib. there isn‟t.. there is. ur dari.. (f. s) uhu. .ّ‫إش رال‬ Yes. I do (have)..? ‫إِش إِالَ…؟‬ Yes.. dari. ? is dark.‫ داري‬،ٖ‫ٌب‬ No.َ‫ إِال‬،ٖ‫ٌب‬ Is there …? (f.. s) yah. please. . (m. fkiyyi....َ‫رال‬،ٖ‫ٌب‬ No.. tlla. . ...‫َفبن‬ ‫ـْى ٍ ًِ… ع‬ What do you want ma‟am / sir? ma trit a lalla/sidi? ‫ض ٍذي؟‬/َ‫ِب رر ٌ ذ أ ً ٌال‬ How much? mnšk? ‫ِ ٕػه؟‬ Do you have change (m. ur illa/illi. .. TashlHeet  51 Expressions : Do you have . illa. s) yah.? ‫إِش دارن اٌصرؾ ْ …؟‬ Liter liter itru ‫إِؼرو‬ ¼ liter rb‫ ع‬itru ‫رثع إِؼرو‬ ½ liter ns itru ‫ٴص إِؼرو‬ 1 liter itru ‫إِؼرو‬ 2 liters sin itru ‫ض ٍ ٓ إِؼرو‬ I want ½ a liter of milk.com .. I don‟t (have). (f. there is.. yah. ur tlla/tlli .? ‫؟‬. s) is illa. s) is tlla.? ‫إِش دارن…؟‬ Yes. there isn‟t. ? (m. ..‫ أور داري‬،‫أُ وهى‬ Is there . (m. uhu.

“THERE IS/ARE”: The words “illa” (َّ‫)إِال‬. .com .ًّ ّ ‫ـبؼّخ رالَ غ رِگ‬ Is there water in the is llan aman ġ ‫إِش الَ ْ أَِب ْ اٌزالجخ؟‬ fridge? t-tllaja? There is no electricity in ur illi d-du ġ uduwwar. p) ur llant/llint ‫ ٌِ ٍ ٕ ذ‬/‫أُور الَ ٴ ذ‬ Examples: Fatima is at home.  Affirm ative: There is (m. p) llant ‫الَ ٴ ذ‬  Negativ e: There is not (m. s) ur illa/illi ً ٌِ ‫ إ‬/َ‫أُور إِال‬ There is not (f. p) llan ْ َ‫ال‬ There are (f.‫أُور إ ٌِ ً اٌعى غ أُودوّار‬ the village. s) illa َ‫إِال‬ There is (f. “ili” (ً ٌِ ‫)إ‬. we use them most often in the sense of “there is” or “there are”. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. however. p) ur llan/llin ٓ ٍ ٌِ /ْ َ‫أُور ال‬ There are not (f. Fatima tlla ġ tigmmi. “tlla” (َّ‫)رال‬. In tashlHeet. s) ur tlla/tlli ً ٍِ‫ ر‬/َ‫أُور رال‬ There are not (m. s) tlla َ‫ال‬ There are (m. 52  Peace Corps/Morocco GRAMMATICAL POINTS 1. “llan” (ْ َ‫)ال‬. .and “llant” (‫ )الَ ٴ ذ‬are actually the participles for the verb “to be”.

VERB “TO WANT”. iri (‫)إِري‬ means “to like” (see page 140). the verb “to want” is iri (‫)إِري‬. I want nkki riġ ‫ر ٌػ‬ ً ّ‫ٴى‬ you want (s) kyyi/ kmmi trit ‫رر ٌ ذ‬ ً ّ‫ و‬/ًّ ٍ ‫و‬ he wants ntta ira ‫إِرا‬ ‫ٴزّب‬ she wants nttat tra ‫ررا‬ ‫ٴزّب د‬ we want nkni nra ‫ٴرا‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴى‬ you want knni tram َ ‫ررا‬ ً ّٕ ‫و‬ (m. p)  Verb + noun examples: Mohamed wants coke. In tashlheet.com . p) they want ntnti rant ‫را ٴ ذ‬ ً ‫ٴزٕز‬ (f. This verb uses the past tense but has a present tense meaning. MoHamed ira kuka. uzkkif Khadija and Brahim don‟t Khadija d brahim ur rin want tea. TashlHeet  53 2. p) you want (f. Amina wants a bowel of Amina tra yat tajbbanit n soup. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. When conjugated in the present tense. atay These girls don‟t want tifrxinad ur rint l-kiks cookies. p) knninti tramt ‫ر راِ ذ‬ ً ‫و ّٕ ٍٕز‬ they want ntni ran ْ ‫را‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴز‬ (m. Note that we negate “iri” by adding “ur” before the verb.

3 ‫ث رذب ٴى د؟‬ 4.‫جىٍب د‬ ٌ ‫ ـْى ٍ ًِض ٕبد ا‬:‫وَ ٍ ذ‬ butHanut: 13 n drhm . is tsġa l-нjrat n r-radio? ‫ إِش رطؽب اٌذجرا د ْ ا ٌراد ٌى؟‬. mani ġ tlla Kate? ‫ ِب ٴ ٍػ رالَ وَ ٍ ذ؟‬. ‫ ِب رر ٌ ذ أ ٌالّ؟‬. . .‫ثبر َن اهلل و ـٍه‬ ،‫ هبن‬:‫وَ ٍ ذ‬ butHanut: bla jmil . barak llah ufik.ُ ‫ ْ در ه‬13 :‫ثى رذب ٴى د‬ Kate: hak. mnšk n yat? ‫ ِ ٕػه ْ ٌب د؟‬.َ ‫ وَ ع ٍٍَىُ ُ اٌطَال‬:‫ثى رذب ٴى د‬ ma trit a lalla? Kate: is dark šklat? ‫ إِش دارن غىالغ؟‬:‫وَ ٍ ذ‬ butHanut: yah.54  Peace Corps/Morocco PRACTICE Exercise 1: convert the money amounts.ُ ُ‫ اٌطال َُ عَ ٍَى‬:‫وَ ٍ ذ‬ butHanut: wa ‫ع‬alaykum s-salam.2 3. yujad a lalla. ma tsġa dar bu tнanut? ‫ ِبرطؽب دارى‬.َ‫جبد أ ٌَال‬ ‫ ٌى‬،ٖ‫ ٌب‬:‫ثى رذب ٴى د‬ Kate: fkiyyi snat l-bakiyat.1 2. Convert to dirhams: 35 ryal 150 ryal 365 ryal 270 ryal 555 ryal Convert to ryals: 10 1/2DH 30DH 25DH 125DH 19DH Exercise 2: read the dialogue and answer the questions below. . mnšk? ‫ ِ ٕػه؟‬.ًٍّ ‫ ال ج‬:‫ثى رذب ٴى د‬ Questions: 1.com . Dialogue: Kate: s-salam u ‫ع‬alaykum.4 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

ntnti ur _____ ġ l-mdrasa. .com .‫ذرضخ‬ 3. Mohamed trit pizza ‫ﭙـٍزسا‬ ntnti ran l-Hlib s š.ُ ‫ ٴى ٕ ً ___ غ اٌمط‬. 1. .5 Exercise 3: make as many sentences as you can.ntni _____ ġ l-mġrib.3 4. ٌّ‫ ٴزّٕز ً أُور ___ غ ا‬. smnšk? ‫ض ّ ٕػه؟‬.šklat Fatima rant ppanaši kmmi tram Atay s n-n‫ع‬na‫ع‬ nkni tramt l-‫ع‬asir n l-limun nttat nra l-munada knni ira knninti tra Exercise 4: add the correct form of « there is /are » to the following sentences.‫ٴزًٕ ___ غ اٌّؽر ة‬ .4 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.is ____ Karim ġ tgmmi ? ‫ إِش ___ ور ٌ ُ غرگ ّ ً؟‬.2 . TashlHeet  55 5.nkni _____ ġ l-qism.1 2.

Cultural points. Family ties are very strong in Morocco. Men are not expected to help in the kitchen. you will be able to:  Describe family members.com .56  Peace Corps/Morocco FAMILY Objective: by the end of this chapter. Vocabulary: FAMILY MEMBERS Woman/ wife tamġart ‫ رَّؽبر د‬My father baba ‫ثَجب‬ Man/ husband argaz ‫َرگبز‬ ‫ أ‬My mother immi/inna ‫إٴّب‬/ًّ ِ ‫إ‬ Girl tafruxt ‫ رفروخ ذ‬My brother gma ‫گّب‬ Boy afrux ‫أَـرور‬ My brothers aytma ‫أَ ٌ زّب‬ /siblings Girls/ tifrxin ٓ ٍ ‫ِفرخ‬ ‫ ر‬My sister ultma ‫أٌُزّب‬ daughters Boys /sons ifrxan ْ ‫ إِـرخب‬My sisters istma ‫ِض زّب‬ ‫إ‬ Children tarwa ‫ رَروا‬My jddi ‫جذّي‬ grandfather The parents l-walidayn ٓ ٌ ‫اٌى اٌذ‬ My jdda ‫جذّح‬ grandmother Sisters istmatn ٓ ‫ِضزّبر‬ ‫ إ‬My uncle xali ً ٌ‫خب‬ (maternal) Brothers/ aytmatn ٓ ‫أَ ٌ زّبر‬ My aunt xalti ً ‫خبٌز‬ siblings (maternal) My niece illis n gma ‫إ ٌٍِّص ْ گّب‬ My uncle ‫ع‬mmi ً ّ‫ع‬ (brother‟s (paternal) side) My niece illis n ultma ‫إ ٌٍِّص ْ أٌُزّب‬ My aunt ‫ع‬mmti ً ‫عّز‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. Children remain in touch or live with the family even if they get married (taking into consideration space available within the house). Roles of men and women may differ in the city and in the country.

sister. s) Your father babam Your mother mam َ ‫ثَجب‬ َ ‫ِب‬ (f. and uncle. we say “my father” or “his mother” or “your brother. maternal) xali/xalti ً ‫خبٌز‬/ًٌ‫خب‬ My cousin illis n ْ ‫إ ٌٍِّص‬ My son yiwi ‫ٌِىي‬ (f. s) His/her babas His/her mas ‫جبش‬ َ‫ث‬ ‫ِبش‬ father mother Our father babatnġ ‫ ثَجبر ٕػ‬Our mother matnġ ‫ِبر ٕػ‬ Your father babatun Your mother matun (m.” the word is almost always used with a possessive pronoun. mother. Thus. p) Their father babatsn Their mother matsn ٓ ‫برط‬ ‫ثَج‬ ٓ ‫برط‬ ِ (m) (m) Their father babatsnt Their mother matsnt ‫برط ٕ ذ‬ ‫ثَج‬ ‫برط ٕ ذ‬ ِ (f) (f) More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. paternal) ‫ع‬mmti ً ‫ع ّز‬/ً ّ‫ع‬ (brother‟s gma ‫گّب‬ side) My cousin illis n ْ ‫إ ٌٍِّص‬ My nephew yiwis n ْ ‫ٌِىٌص‬ (f. s) (m.com . paternal) ‫ع‬mmi/‫ع‬mmti ً ‫ع ّز‬/ً ّ‫ع‬ (sister‟s ultma ‫أٌُزّب‬ side) For “father. p) (f. aunt. s) (f. maternal) xali/xalti ً ‫خبٌز‬/ًٌ‫خب‬ My cousin yiwis n ‫ع‬mmi/ ْ ‫ٌِىٌص‬ My nephew yiwis n ْ ‫ٌِىٌص‬ (m. p) Your father babatunt Your mother matunt ‫ثَجبرى ٴ ذ‬ ‫ِبرى ٴ ذ‬ (f. My father baba ‫ ثَجب‬My mother immi ًّ ِ ‫إ‬ Your father babak Your mother mak ‫جبن‬ َ‫ث‬ ‫ِبن‬ (m. p) ْ ‫ثَجبرى‬ ْ ‫ِبرى‬ (m.” but rarely ever use them alone. brother. TashlHeet  57 (sister‟s side) (paternal) My cousin yiwis n ْ ‫ٌِىٌص‬ My daughter illi ًّ ٌِ ‫إ‬ (m.

ْ ‫إ ِ ًّ دثَجب ثعب‬ divorced. I have two twin siblings. f) gmak/gmam? ‫گّب َ؟‬/‫گّبن‬ I have a younger dari gma imzzin flli .ً ٍّْ ‫داري گّب إ ِسِ ٌ ٓ ـ‬ brother. f) My mom doesn‟t work? immi ur ar txdam . My older sister is a ultma lli flli mqqurn tga .‫گّب ٌّ ً ـ ٍْ ًّ ِْس ٌِٓ أَر ٌَمرا‬ to school.َ ‫إ ِّ ً أُور أَررخذا‬ My mom and dad are immi d baba bdan . lustada My younger brother goes gma lli flli imzzin ar .‫ي ض ٍ ٓ أٌَزّب ِإوُّٕب‬ ‫دار‬ How many siblings do you mnšk n aytmak/ aytmam /‫ أٌزّب َ دارن‬/‫ِ ٕػه ْ أٌزّبن‬ have? (m. dari sin aytma ikunna . f) dark/ darm? ‫دار َ؟‬/‫دارن‬ What‟s your father‟s mad ism I babak/babam? ‫َجب َ؟‬ ‫ث‬/‫جبن‬ َ‫ِبد إِضُ إِث‬ name? How old is your brother? mnšk n usggas dar ‫ضگّبش دار‬ ُ‫ِ ٕػه ْ أ‬ (m.‫رگذّا‬ same age. My (male. yaqra More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. paternal) nkki d yiwis n ‫ع‬mmi nga ‫گبٌب د‬ ‫ٴى ًّ د ٌِىٌص ْ عّ ً ٴ‬ cousin and I are the yat tgadda . f) How is Amina related to mad ak/am tga Amina? ‫أ ِ ٍ ٕخ؟‬ َ ‫ أ‬/‫ِبد‬ you? (m.58  Peace Corps/Morocco Expressions: How is Mohamed related mad ak/am iga Mohamed? ‫ أ َ إِگ ب ِذّّذ؟‬/‫ِبد أ َن‬ to you? (m. f) dark/ darm? ‫دار َ؟‬ How many sisters do you mnšk n istmak/ istmam َ ‫إضزّب‬/‫ضزّبن‬ ‫ِ ٕػه ْ إ‬ have? (m.‫ىضبدح‬ ‫أ ٌُ زّب ٌّ ً ـ ٍْ ًّ ْ ِمّىر ْرگب ٌ ز‬ teacher.com .

uhu. I have dari ‫داري‬ You have (m.‫دارٔػ اٌ عى غ رِ گِّٕػ‬ our house. we use “ur” (‫)أور‬. Do you have a car in is dark t-tomobil ġ ‫إِش دارن اٌؽّىثًٍ غ اٌّؽرة؟‬ Morocco? l-mġrib? No I don‟t. To negate the verb.com . THE VERB “TO HAVE” (DAR) IN THE PRESENT TENSE. p) darun ْ ‫دارو‬ You have (f. ur dari.‫ربِ ًدارش ض ٍٓ أٌُزّبش‬ We have electricity in darnġ d-du ġ tigmminġ . p) darunt ‫دارو ٴ ذ‬ They have (m) darsn ٓ ‫ارض‬ ‫د‬ They have (f) darsnt ‫ارض ٕ ذ‬ ‫د‬ Examples: Tami has two brothers Tami dars sin aytmas . TashlHeet  59 GRAMMATICAL POINTS 1. s) dark ‫دارن‬ You have (f.‫أ ُهى أُور داري‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. s) darm َ ‫دار‬ He/she has dars ‫دارش‬ We have darnġ ‫دارٔػ‬ You have (m. .

2. etc) My sister ultma ‫أٌُزّب‬ My brother gma ‫گّب‬ My uncle ‫ع‬mmi ً ّ‫ع‬ My aunt ‫ع‬mmti ً ‫عّز‬ Exercise 3: put the verb “dar” in the correct form.60  Peace Corps/Morocco PRACTICE Exercise 1: describe the relationship between family members for each arrow.com . 1-My sister ___ a nice ultma ____tigmmi iHlan .ْ ‫ِإِبغِ ٍى‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.Samira and Khalid Samira d Khalid ____ ‫ ضٍّرح دخبٌذ ___ رروا‬-2 ____ a lot of kids. our.ٓ ٍ ٕ ‫گُىر‬ 3-The Ait Ali family l-famila n Ait Ali ____ ___ ً ٍ‫ اٌ فٍٍّخ ْ ا ٌ ذ ع‬-3 ____cats. Fatima Aziz         Ahmed Karima   11 Samira 12 13 Mohamed Younes Rachid Exercise 2: add the possessive endings to the following (your. imaššiwn. Ex: Fatima ________Samira. .ْ ‫ أٌُزّب ___ رِ گّ ً إدال‬-1 house. tarwa ggutnin. his. .

TashlHeet  61

4-No, ____time. uhu, _____ luqt. .‫ ___ ٌىُل ذ‬،‫ أ ُهى‬-4

Exercise 4: practice text

isminu John. baba ismns Stephen. immi ‫ إ ِّ ً إِضّٕص‬.ْ ‫ِض ّٕصضزٍـﭭ‬ ‫ثَجب إ‬.ْ ‫إِضّ ٍ ٕى دْجى‬
ismns Judy. dari krad aytma: snat ْ ‫ضبزّ د ٌب‬ ِ‫ض ٕبد إ‬:‫ داري وراض أَ ٌ زّب‬.‫دْجىدي‬
istma d yan gma. gma ismns Brian, .‫ أَرإِرخذا َ غ ٌبد اٌػرِوخ‬،ٓ ٌ ‫گّبإِضّٕصثرا‬.‫گّب‬
aritxdam ġ yat š-šarika. ultma Kathy ‫ ٌب ْ أُـرور د‬:َ ‫ش ض ٍ ٓ ٌذػى‬ ‫أٌُزّب وبث ً رّ بهً دار‬
ttahl. dars sin lнšum: yan ufrux d yat ‫ دارش وراض‬.‫ أَـرور إ ِس ّّيضىي‬.‫ٌب درفروخ ذ‬
tfruxt. afrux imzziy sul. dars krad ‫ض ٓ أَررذّو‬
‫ضگّب‬ ِ‫َفروخ ذ دارش ر ٍّٕخ ْ إ‬ ‫ ر‬.ْ ‫إِ ٌّىر‬
iyyurn. tafruxt dars tmnya n isggasn ‫َرضىي رَمرا‬ ‫ أ‬،‫ ِبري‬،ٓ ٌ ّ‫ أ ٌُ زّب ٌ ًّ ِس‬.‫ذرضخ‬ ٌّ‫ش ا‬
artddu s l-madrasa. ultma lli mzziyn, .‫غ اٌجبِعخ‬
Mary, arsul taqra ġ l-jami‫ع‬a

Questions:

1-mad ism I babas n John? ‫جبش ْ دْجى ْ؟‬ ‫ ِبد إ‬.1
َ‫ض ُ إِث‬
2-mad ism I mas n John? ِ‫ ِبد إ‬.2
‫ض ُ إِ ِبش ْ دْ جىْ؟‬
3-mn šk n aytmatn dar john? ‫ ِ ٕػه ْ أَ ٌ زّبر ٓ دار دْجى ْ؟‬.3
4-mad imzzin ġ l-famila n john ? ‫ ِبد إ ِسّ ٌ ٓغ اٌف ّ ٍٍخ ْ دجى ْ؟‬.4
5-is txdm illis n ultma n john? ‫ إِشرخ ذَ إ ٌٍِّص ْ أٌُزّبش ْ دجى ْ؟‬.5

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62  Peace Corps/Morocco

DIRECTIONS
Objectives: by the end of this chapter, you will be able:

 Describe where objects are located.
 Give and receive directions to places around town.

Vocabulary: PREPOSITIONS

To/for i ِ‫إ‬ - At dar ‫دار‬
(someone‟s)
- next to

In/at ġ ‫غ‬ Till/until ar ‫أَر‬
To (direction) s ‫ش‬ Above/on aflla ْ َ‫أً ـال‬
With (company) d ‫د‬ Below/under izdar n ْ ‫إِزدر‬
With (means, s ‫ش‬ Facing imgabal d ‫جبي د‬
َ‫إ ِگ‬
manner)

About f ‫ؾ‬ In front of l-gddam n ْ َ ‫ٌگذّا‬
On f/ ْ ً ِ‫ ِ إگ‬/‫ؾ‬ Next to tama n ْ ‫َرّب‬
iggi n

Of n ْ On the left azlmad n ْ ‫أ َزٌّبض‬
of

From ġ/ zġ ‫ زغ‬/‫غ‬ On the right afasiy n ْ ً‫أَـ َط‬
of

Without bla ‫ ثال‬In the middle tuzzumt n ْ ‫رُس ُِ ذ‬
of

Except abla ‫ثال‬
‫ أ‬Behind tiġrdin n ْ ٓ ٍ ‫رِؽرظ‬
Between/among gr ... d … ...‫ د‬... ‫ گر‬Inside agns ‫أَگٕص‬
Before qbl ً‫لج‬ under ddu / ‫ دّوا‬/ ‫دّو‬
ddawa

Examples:

The well is in the middle illa wanu ġ tuzzumt n .ْ ‫إِالَ وَ ٴى غ رُس ُِ ذ ْ إِگرا‬
of the fields. igran.

Meryam‟s house is not ur tlli tigmmi n meryem ġ ْ ‫أُر رٍِ ًرگ ّ ًّ ْ ِر ٌ ُ غ رَّب‬

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TashlHeet  63
next to the hospital. tama n s-sbitar. .‫اٌطجٍؽبر‬
She ate everything tšša kulši abla islman. .ْ ‫رػّب و ٍُػً أَ ال إِضٍّب‬
except fish.

Vocabulary: DIRECTIONS

Hotel l-otil ً ٍ ‫ٌىؼ‬ Hospital/health s-sbitar ‫اٌطجٍؽبر‬
center

Post office l-bosta ‫اٌجىضؽخ‬ Pharmacy l-frmasyan ْ ‫اٌفرَِطٍب‬
Train lagar ‫گبر‬
‫ال‬ Mosque timzgid/ /‫رّسگ ٍذ‬
station l-jama‫ع‬ ‫اٌجبِع‬
Bus station l-maнtta n ْ ‫اٌَّذؽّخ‬ Public phone t-tilibutik ‫اٌزٍٍجىر ٍ ه‬
l-kiran ْ ‫اٌى ٍرا‬
City bus l-maнtta n ْ ‫اٌَّذؽّخ‬ Srore taнanut ‫رذب ٴى د‬
stor t-tubisat ‫اٌؽىثٍطب د‬
Bank l-banka ‫اٌجَٕىخ‬ Avenue š-šari‫ع‬ ‫اٌػبرِع‬
Public bath l-нmmam َ ‫اٌذّّب‬ Street tazniqt ‫َرسْ ٴ ٍمْ ذ‬
Restaurant r-ristora ‫ا ٌرٌطؽىرح‬ Alley d-drb ‫اٌذر ة‬
Café l-qhwa ‫اٌمهىح‬ Far (from) iba‫عع‬d f ‫إِثبعذ ؾ‬
Cyber café s-siber ‫اٌطٍجر‬ Close (to) iqrrb s ‫إِلرّ ة ش‬
School l-mdrasa ‫َضخ‬
‫اٌّذر‬ Here ġid/dġid ‫دؼ ٍذ‬/ ‫ؼ ٍذ‬
Weekly s-suq ‫اٌطىق‬ There ġin/dġin ٓ ٍ ‫دؼ‬/ٓ ٍ ‫ؼ‬
market

Expressions:

Where is ... please? maniġ illa/tlla... ‫ع‬afak? ‫عفبن؟‬
...َ‫رال‬/َ‫ِب ٴ ً غ إِال‬

Is there a ... close? is illa/tlla...iqrbn? ‫ إِلرث ٓ؟‬...َ‫رال‬/َ‫إِش إِال‬

Go straight. sir/zayd nišan. .ْ ‫ زا ٌذ ٴ ٍػب‬/‫ضٍر‬

Turn right. gllb/duwr f ufasi. ً ‫ُـبض‬
‫ دوّر ؾ أ‬/ ‫گٍّت‬

Turn left. gllb/duwr f uzlmad. .‫ دوّر ؾ أ ُزٌّبض‬/ ‫گٍّت‬

Go ahead a bit. zayd šwiya s l-gddam. .َ ‫زا ٌذ غى ٌخ ش اٌگذّا‬

Pass the first street. zri z-znqt tamzwarut. .‫زري اٌسٴم ذ رّسورو د‬

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64  Peace Corps/Morocco

The 2nd street, yes. kšm d z-znqt tissnat. .‫وػ ُ د اٌس ٴم ذ ر ِّطٕب د‬

Dialogue :

Alethea: s-salamu ‫ع‬alaykum.

Saïda: wa ‫ع‬alaykum s-salam.

Alethea: samнiyyi, riġ a km saqsaġ.

Saïda: iyyah, marнba.

Alethea: is tssnt yat tmirikanit
tzdġ ġid ismns Kathrine?

Saïda: izd kawtar?

Alethea: iyyah, kawtar. is tssnt
tigmmins?
Saïda: zayd nišan ar s-sakayan,
bbi aġaras s uzlmad. zayd
nišan ar t-tilibutik. gllb f
ufasi, kšm tazniqt tisnat,
tgmmi n kawtar tlla aflla n
bu l-xdrt.
Alethea: lla yrнm l-walidin.

Saïda: waldina u waldik.

Alethea: a y‫ع‬awn rbbi.

Saïda: amin.

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TashlHeet  65
GRAMMATICAL POINTS
 THE IMPERATIVE.

The imperative is used to give commands: Go to the store! Open the
window! Study TashlHeet! The positive imperative tells someone to do
something, the negative imperative tells someone not to do something. The
imperative acts as the infinitive of verbs in TashlHeet.

In the following table, all the examples are equal to the English command,
“Speak!”

To speak sawl ‫ضاوه‬
You (m, f s) sawl ‫ضبوي‬
You (m, p) sawlat ‫ضبوال د‬
You (m, p) sawlamt ‫ضب الِ ذ‬
When a verb ends with a vowel, “y”(‫ )ي‬is placed between this vowel and
the suffix.

To say/tell ini ‫إني‬
You (m, f s) ini ً ‫إٴ‬
You (m, p) iniyat ‫إٴٍب د‬
You (m, p) iniyamt ‫إ ٴ ٍبِ ذ‬
To negate the imperative, we can use “adur” (‫ )أدور‬before the verb, which
corresponds to the verb combination that you would usually use:

Don‟t go! adur tddut! !‫أدور رذّوُ د‬
Don‟t speak! adur tsawlt! !‫أدوررطبوٌ ذ‬
Don‟t close the window! adur tqqnt š-šrjm ! !ُ ‫أدور ر مٕذ اٌػرج‬

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l-madani ur itxdam kra ygat as __ 6:00. 1.com .66  Peace Corps/Morocco PRACTICE Exercise 1: fill in the blanks with the appropriate preposition. fatima tġra ta rabt__ imik n tašlнit.‫ ال َْ إِگراگّىر ٕ ٍ ٓ __ اوضٍّؿ‬. .6 tmazirt ad.6:00 __ ‫ اٌّذ ٴ ً أُر إِرخذّا َ ورا ٌگبد أَش‬. sawlġ__fatima__l-mašakil n middn ġ ‫ضبوٌػ __ ـبؼّخ __ اٌّػبوً ْ ِذّ ْ غ‬. middn ġid ur snwan __ ikššudn. . ٓ ‫ ِذّْ ؼٍذ أُرضٕىا ْ __ إِوػّىظ‬. . .7 bosta.‫ ـبؼّخ رؽرارعراث ذ __ إ ِ ِه ْ رػٍ ذ ٍ ذ‬.2 3. llan igra ggutnin __ wassif.1 2. .5 6. taнanut __ laнsn tlla __ l-banka __l- __ ‫رذب ٴى د __ اٌذط ٓرالَ __ اٌجٕىخ‬.3 4.‫ضرضػ اٌىزىث ٍٕى __ اٌؽجٍخ‬.4 5. srsġ l-ktubinu __t-tbla. .‫اٌجىضؽخ‬ Exercise 2: maniġ tlla takurt? More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.‫رّس ٌ رد اد‬ 7.

l-н m m a m r-ristora la gar s-siber ً‫اىحَّا‬ ‫اىريططىرة‬ ‫ال‬ ‫اىطيبر‬ l-bar ‫اىبار‬ l-qhwa l-frmasyan l-banka ‫ا ٌمهىح‬ ُ‫اىفرٍَطيا‬ ‫اىبَْنت‬ l-mdrasa l-marši j-jrda ‫اىَذرَضت‬ ‫اىَارشي‬ ‫اىجردة‬ t-telebutik ‫اىخييبىحيل‬ н a n u t ‫حاّىث‬ l-ot ̣ i l l-bost ̣ a j-jam‫ع‬ ‫ىىطيو‬ ‫اىبىضطت‬ ‫ا ٌجب ِع‬ maнt ̣̣ t a t l . Dave is in the sbitar and wants to go to l-bosta. 2. Hakim is in the taнanut and wants to go to l-нmmam. TashlHeet  67 Exercise 3: using the same map. 4.com . 3. 1. Stephen is in the marši and wants to go to s-siber. Anna is in the maнtta and wants to go to l-otil. k i r a n s-sbit ̣ a r ُ‫ٍَحطت اىنيرا‬ ‫ضبيطار‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. give each person directions.

com .68  Peace Corps/Morocco PAST EVENTS Objective: by the end of this chapter. you will be able to:  Talk about past activities. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. see “Moroccan Holidays” on page 222. Vocabulary: DAYS OF THE WEEK Day as ‫أَش‬ Tuesday tlata ‫اٌؽالؼب‬ Week s-simana ‫اٌط ٍّب ٴخ‬ Wednesday l-arb‫ع‬ ‫الرثع‬ Sunday l-Hdd ّ‫اٌذذ‬ Thursday l-xmis ‫اٌخٍّص‬ Monday l-tnin ٓ ٍ ٕ ‫اٌز‬ Friday l-jam‫ع‬ ‫اٌجبِع‬ Saturday s-sbt ‫اٌطج ذ‬ MONTHS OF THE YEAR Month ayyur ‫ أَ ٌّىر‬June yunyu ‫ٌى ٴٍى‬ Year asggas َ‫ أ‬July ‫ضگّبش‬ yulyuz ‫ٌىٌ ٍىز‬ January yanayr ‫ ٌَٕب ٌر‬August ġušt ‫ؼُػ ذ‬ February fbrayr ‫ ـجرا ٌر‬September šutnbir ‫غُزٕجِر‬ March mars ‫ ِبرش‬October oktobr ‫أُوزىثر‬ April abril ً ٌ ‫ أثر‬November nuwanbir ‫ٴُىَٴجِر‬ May may ‫ ِبي‬December dujanbir ‫ُدجَٕجِر‬ THE SEASONS Summer s-sif ‫ اٌصٍؿ‬Fall l-xrif ‫اٌخرٌؿ‬ Spring r-rbi‫ع‬ ‫ ا ٌرث ٍع‬Winter tagrst ‫گرض ذ‬ ‫ر‬ For information about the months of the Islamic calendar and some of the major religious events of the year.

...... ْ ‫أَش‬ On Friday as n l-jama‫ع‬ ‫أَش ْ اٌجبِع‬ In (+ month)/ (+ time) ġ . .. ‫غ‬ In August ġ ġušt ‫غ ؼُػ ذ‬ At 9:00 ġ t-ts‫ع‬ud ‫غ اٌزطعىد‬ At dawn ġ l-fjr ‫غ اٌفجر‬ In the morning ġ sbaн ‫جبح‬ ‫غ اٌص‬ In the evening/afternoon ġ tdggat / tazdwit ‫رسدو ٌ ذ‬/ ‫غ رذگّب د‬ At night ġ dyyid ‫غ ظ ٍِ ط‬ At midnight ġ tuzzumt n dyyid ‫غ رسّ وِ ذ ْ ظ ٍِ ط‬ Daytime azal ‫َأزاي‬ Lunch time dar imkli ًٍ‫دار إ ِى‬ Dinner time dar imnsi ً ‫دار إ ِٕط‬ Early zik ‫ز ِن‬ On time ġ l-uqt ‫غ اٌىل ذ‬ Before qbl ً‫لج‬ A while ago gamlli\ s-sa‫ع‬t lli ً ٌّ ‫ اٌطبعذ‬/ ًّ ٍِ‫گب‬ A long time ago mnšk ayad ‫ِٕػه َ أٌبد‬ The day before assfan ْ ‫فب‬ َ‫ض‬ ‫َأ‬ yesterday That day ġaslli ً ٍّ‫ؼبص‬ At that time ġakudan ْ ‫ؼبوىدا‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.. TashlHeet  69 PAST TIME EXPRESSIONS: This year asggas ‫ضگّبش أَد‬ َ‫أ‬ Last year asggas lli yzrin ٓ ٌ ‫ضگّبش ٌّ ً ٌسر‬ َ‫أ‬ Last month ayyur lli yzrin ٓ ٌ ‫أَ ٌّىر ٌ ًّ ٌسر‬ Last week s-simana lli yzrin ٓ ٌ ‫اٌط ٍّب ٴخ ٌّ ً ٌسر‬ Yesterday idgam َ ‫ِظگب‬ ‫إ‬ Today ġassad ‫ؼصّبد‬ On (+ day of the week) as n ..com .

For the first category. Imperative you Sit gawr ‫گّبور‬ form like an Close qn ٓ ّ‫ل‬ infinitive Sit bdd ‫ثْذ‬ Whenever you are given a new verb in this book or by your teacher. there are not infinitives for verbs in this way. Anytime you learn a new verb. Within each pattern. In Tashlheet. In other words. you will also have to memorize its past tense pattern number (1 or 2). Therefore. there are two patterns of prefixes and suffixes for conjugating past tense verbs. To this “infinitive” form. you can add prefixes (letters that we attach to the beginning of a word) and suffixes (letters we attach to the end of a word) in order to conjugate the verb. The glossary of verbs at the back of the book will always tell you the pattern number of a verb and give you its past tense stem.  Verbs in general. to eat). it will be given to you in this form. PAST TENSE. its past tense stem is the same as its infinitive. When learning verbs in a foreign language.70  Peace Corps/Morocco GRAMMATICAL POINTS 1. there is no rule that tells us when a verb uses pattern 1 prefixes and suffixes and when it uses those of pattern 2. Rather. the infinitive form of the verb must be changed before it can be used with the prefixes and suffixes. there are two categories of verbs. we use the imperative (second person singular masculine). he eats. In TashlHeet. we simply use the infinitive form of the verb with the prefixes and suffixes of the pattern. therefore. the past tense stem is different than the infinitive. Unfortunately. In other words. they eat). For the other category. the verb skr (‫ضىر‬ ) is translated as “to do”.  Past tense. we usually learn the “infinitive” form of the verb (e.g. while in reality skr (‫ضىر‬ ) means do (see “imperative” page 65).com . More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. which is the shortest form of the verb. Some infinitives with vowels will be conjugated differently from verbs containing only consonants. and then learn how to “conjugate” from that infinitive (I eat.

p) He ntta You knninti i__ __ِ‫إ‬ t__mt ‫ت__مت‬ (f. To eat breakfast fdr ‫ـعر‬ nkki fdrġ ‫ـعرغ‬ ً ّ‫ٴى‬ nkni nfdr ‫ٴفعر‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴى‬ Kyyi/kmmi tfdrt ‫رفعر د‬ /ًّ ٍ ‫ و‬knni tfdrm َ ‫رفعر‬ ً ّٕ ‫و‬ ًّ ّ‫و‬ ntta ifdr ‫إِ ـعر‬ ‫ٴزّب‬ knninti tfdrmt ‫رفعرِ ذ‬ ً ‫و ّٕ ٍٕز‬ nttat tfdr ‫رفعر‬ ‫ٴزّب د‬ ntni fdrn ْ ‫ـعر‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴز‬ ntnti fdrnt ‫ـعر ٴ ذ‬ ً ‫ٴزّٕز‬ To pass zri To forget ttu To climb/go up ġli To be tired rmi To cut bbi More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. The prefixes and suffixes for pattern 1 are: I nkki __ġ ‫__غ‬ We nkni n__ __‫ن‬ You Kyyi/kmmi You knni t__t ‫ت__ت‬ t__m ‫ت__م‬ (m. f) (m. p) she nttat t__ __‫ت‬ They (m) ntni __n ‫__ن‬ They (f) ntnti __nt ‫__نت‬  Verbs that follow pattern 1 with “NO CHANGE”. TashlHeet  71  PATTERN 1.com .

.‫ُگبد ٌر‬‫شأ‬ Last year. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. Any verb beginning with “a”(َ‫ )أ‬form its past tense stem by changing the “a” (َ‫ )أ‬to “u” (ُ‫)أ‬. moнamd s ugadir. Mohamed s-simana lli izrin isafr ‫ِذّذ‬ ‫ِضبـر‬ ‫اٌط ٍّب ٴخ ٌّ ً إِزر ٌ ٓ إ‬ traveled to Agadir.‫ِظگب َ ٴىرغ زٌه‬ ‫إ‬ Last week. nxdm d ‫ضگّبش ٌّ ً إِزر ٌ ٓ ٴخذ َ د هٍئخ‬ َ‫أ‬ Peace Corps.com . idgam nkrġ zik. we worked with asggas lli izrin. we insert “y” before the actual verb instead of “i”. . .َ ‫اٌ ال‬  Verbs that follow pattern 1 with “CHANGE”. I got up early.72  Peace Corps/Morocco To know ssn To put srs To taste mdi To ask saqsa To sleep gn To do skr To work xdm To get up nkr Examples: Yesterday. To take amz ‫أَمس‬ nkki umzġ ‫أ ُِسغ‬ ً ّ‫ ٴى‬nkni numz ‫ٴ ىِس‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴى‬ Kyyi/kmmi tumzt ‫ وّ ً رىِس د‬/ًّ ٍ ‫ و‬knni tumzm َ ‫ر ىِس‬ ً ّٕ ‫و‬ ntta * yumz ‫ٌ ىِس‬ ‫ ٴزّب‬knninti tumzmt ‫رى ِسِ ذ‬ ً ‫و ّٕ ٍٕز‬ nttat tumz ‫ر ىِس‬ ‫ ٴزّب د‬ntni umzn ْ ‫أ ُِس‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴز‬ ntnti umznt ‫أ ُِس ٴ ذ‬ ً ‫ٴزّٕز‬ *Notice that in the 3rd person singular masculine form. hay‟at s-salam.

 PATTERN 2.َ ‫أ ُِس ْ ٌبْ أ ُِخّبر إِظگب‬ idgam. nkki __iġ ‫__ يغ‬ nkni n__a ‫ن__ا‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴى‬ Kyyi/kmmi t__it ‫ت__يت‬ knni t__am ‫ت__ام‬ ً ّٕ ‫و‬ ntta i__a ‫إِ__ا‬ knninti t__amt ‫ت__امت‬ ً ‫و ّٕ ٍٕز‬ nttat t__a ‫ت__ا‬ ntni __an ‫__ان‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴز‬ ntnti __ant ‫__انت‬ ً ‫ٴزّٕز‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. TashlHeet  73 To send azn To pick up/carry asi To steal akr To hang agl To recognize akz To catch/capture amz To believe amn Examples: I sent a letter to my brother. Pattern 2 verbs use the same prefixes as pattern 1 verbs.com . . umzn yan umxxar . but different suffixes.‫أُزٔػ ٌب درجر اد ِإ گّب‬ They caught a thief yesterday. uznġ yat tbrat i gma.

74  Peace Corps/Morocco  Verbs that follow pattern 2 with “NO CHANGE”.ٓ ٌ ‫إِزر‬ s-simana lli izrin. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.ْ ‫جال ّثٍذ إ ِدال‬ What did you read ma tġrit idgam? ‫ِب رؽ رٌذ إِظگب َ؟‬ yesterday? I saw my friend last zriġ amddaklinu ً ٌّ ‫زر ٌػ أ َِذ َوٍ ٍ ٕى اٌط ٍّب ٴخ‬ week. tjllabit iнlan.com . . he bought a s-simana lli izrin isġa yat ‫اٌط ٍّب ٴخ ٌّ ً إِزر ٌ ٓ إِضؽبٌب د‬ nice jellaba. . To see zr ‫زر‬ nkki zriġ ‫زر ٌػ‬ ً ّ‫ ٴى‬nkni nzra ‫ٴسرا‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴى‬ Kyyi/kmmi tzrit ‫ وّ ً رسر ٌ ذ‬/ًّ ٍ ‫ و‬knni tzram َ ‫رسرا‬ ً ّٕ ‫و‬ ntta izra ‫إزرا‬ ‫ ٴزّب‬knninti tzramt ‫رس راِ ذ‬ ً ‫و ّٕ ٍٕز‬ nttat tzra ‫رسرا‬ ‫ ٴزّب د‬ntni zran ْ ‫زرا‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴز‬ ntnti zrant ‫زرا ٴ ذ‬ ً ‫ٴزّٕز‬ To break rz To buy sġ To wear ls To study/read ġr To kill nġ To give fk To drink su To cook snu Examples: Last weak.

3.com .Verbs beginning with “i” (‫)إ‬. 4. There are four categories: 1.  1st category: verbs ending in “u” (‫)و‬. 2. To go ddu ‫دُو‬ nkki ddiġ ‫دّ ٌػ‬ ً ّ‫ ٴى‬nkni ndda ‫ٴذّا‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴى‬ Kyyi/kmmi tddit ‫ وّ ً رذّ ٌ ذ‬/ًّ ٍ ‫ و‬knni tddam َ ‫رذّا‬ ً ّٕ ‫و‬ ntta idda ‫إدّا‬ ‫ ٴزّب‬knninti tddamt ‫رذ ّاِ ذ‬ ً ‫و ّٕ ٍٕز‬ nttat tdda ‫رذّا‬ ‫ ٴزّب د‬ntni ddan ْ ‫دّا‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴز‬ ntnti ddant ‫دّا ٴ ذ‬ ً ‫ٴزّٕز‬ To begin bdu To build dnu to rent kru To sew gnu To lose jlu To destroy xlu To empty xwu To distribute/divide bdu To relax/rest sunfu More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.Verbs with “a” ( ) in the middle. TashlHeet  75  Verbs that follow pattern 2 with “CHANGE”.Verbs beginning with “a” ( ).Verbs ending in “u” (‫)و‬.

‫رجال ـبؼ ّخرطىراٴص‬ Did they build the house? is bnan tigmmi? ‫إِشثٕب ْ رِ گّ ًّ؟‬  2nd category: verbs beginning with “i” (‫)إ‬.76  Peace Corps/Morocco Examples: Where did you go manis tddit idgam? ‫ِب ٴٍص رذ ٌّذ إِظگب َ؟‬ yesterday? Fatima lost her keys. . we drop the initial vowel and follow the general pattern for the pattern 2 verbs. tjla Fatima tisurans.com . To tell ini ‫إني‬ nkki nniġ ‫ٴّ ٍػ‬ ً ّ‫ ٴى‬nkni nnna ‫ٴّٕب‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴى‬ Kyyi/kmmi tnnit ‫ وّ ً ر ّٕ ٍ ذ‬/ًّ ٍ ‫ و‬knni tnnam َ ‫رّٕب‬ ً ّٕ ‫و‬ ntta inna ‫إٴّب‬ ‫ ٴزّب‬knninti tnnamt ‫ر ّ ٕبِ ذ‬ ً ‫و ّٕ ٍٕز‬ nttat tnna ‫رّٕب‬ ‫ ٴزّب د‬ntni nnan ْ ‫ٴّب‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴز‬ ntnti nnant ‫ٴّب ٴ ذ‬ ً ‫ٴزّٕز‬ To want iri To eat išš To be ili To be able to iġi Examples: What did you eat for ma tššit ġ imkli ? ‫ِب رػ ٍ ذ غ إِ ِىٍ ً؟‬ lunch? Do you want to go to the is tram a tddum s ‫إِش ررا َ أ رذّو َ ش اٌط ٍ ّٕب؟‬ cinema? s-sinima? More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. To form the past tense stem from the infinitive.

com .  4th category: verbs with ( ) in the middle. Did you let him go? is t tujjit a yddu? She cried yesterday. To form the past tense stem. tulla idgam. To pray zzal ‫زّاه‬ nkki zzuliġ ‫ز ّوٌ ٍػ‬ ً ّ‫ ٴى‬nkni nzzula ‫ٴّسوال‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴى‬ Kyyi/kmmi tzzulit ‫رس ّوٌ ٍ ذ‬ /ًّ ٍ ‫ و‬knni tzzulam َ ‫رسّوال‬ ً ّٕ ‫و‬ ًّ ّ‫و‬ ntta izzula ‫إزّوال‬ ‫ ٴزّب‬knninti tzzulamt ‫رس والِ ذ‬ ً ‫و ّٕ ٍٕز‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. To find af nkki ufiġ ‫أُـ ٍػ‬ ً ّ‫ ٴى‬nkni nufa ‫ٴىـب‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴى‬ Kyyi/kmmi tufit ‫ وّ ً رىـ ٍ ذ‬/ًّ ٍ ‫ و‬knni tufam َ ‫رىـب‬ ً ّٕ ‫و‬ ntta yufa ‫ٌىـب‬ ‫ ٴزّب‬knninti tufamt ‫رىـبِ ذ‬ ً ‫و ّٕ ٍٕز‬ nttat tufa ‫رىـب‬ ‫ ٴزّب د‬ntni ufan ْ ‫أُـب‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴز‬ ntnti ufant ‫أُـب ٴ ذ‬ ً ‫ٴزّٕز‬ To tie ass To leave/let ajj To cry all Examples: I found my keys. ufiġ tisuranu. To form the past tense stem. TashlHeet  77  3 rd category: verbs beginning with “a” ( ). we change the middle “a” ( ) to “u” ( ) and follow the general pattern for the pattern 2 verbs. we change the initial “a” ( ) to “u” ( ) and follow the general pattern for the pattern 2 verbs.

I slept yesterday. ur gnġ idgam. amt.e. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.” or “don‟t.e. “didn‟t. am.  Normal negative form.com . tzra tamddakultns. im. l‫ع‬bnt takurt. in some regions in Morocco. gnġ idgam.” or “doesn‟t”). ant) into “i” (‫( )ي‬i. an.78  Peace Corps/Morocco nttat tzzula ‫رسّوال‬ ‫ ٴزّب د‬ntni zzulan ْ ‫زّوال‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴز‬ ntnti zzulant ‫زّوال ٴ ذ‬ ً ‫ٴزّٕز‬ To move (sth) smas To swear ggal To move mmas To return (give back) rar To vomit rar To pray zzal Examples: He returned the books to irura l-ktub s l-mktaba. idda s s-suq. In order to express the negative of a verb (i. i. She saw her friend. ur iddi s s-suq.NEGATION. p) played soccer.e. a. the library. ur l‫ع‬bnt takurt. we add the word “ur” (‫ )أُور‬before the verb and. in. They didn‟t play soccer. He went to the souq. imt. He didn‟t go to the souq. int). I didn‟t sleep yesterday. Did you (p) pray? is tzzulam? 2. we change the “a” (‫ )أ‬in the added verb suffixes (i. They (f.

TashlHeet  79
She didn‟t saw her
ur tzri tamddakultns.
friend.
They ate couscous. ššan sksu.

They didn‟t eat couscous. ur ššin sksu.

 Additional negative forms.

Nothing walu

Nothing нtta yat tġawsa

No one (m) нtta yan

No one (f) нtta yat

Only/just bla

Neither …nor la ... wala

Examples:

I know/knew nothing. ur ssnġ walu.

I ate nothing. ur ššiġ walu.

No one came. нtta yan urd yuški.

He saw no one. ur izri нtta yan.

I have nothing. ur dari нtta yat tġawsa.

He met neither Hassan ur imnaggar la нassan
nor Nadia. wala nadia.
I ate only bread. ur ššiġ bla aġrum.

3- HAVE YOU EVER…/ I‟VE NEVER…
We can use the word “jju” (‫ )جّو‬to express the English equivalent of the present
perfect tense: “Have you ever...?” and “I have never...”.

More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com

80  Peace Corps/Morocco

Have you ever…? is jju…? ‫؟‬...‫إِش جّو‬
I‟ve never…? ur jju… ...‫أُور جّو‬
The verb that follows “jju” is in the past.

Examples:

Have you ever eaten is jju tššit l-pitza? ‫رسح؟‬
‫إِش جّى رػٍذ ا ٌـﭙ‬
pizza?
Have you ever gone to is jju tddit s mirikan? ‫إِش جّى رذّ ٌ ذ ش ِرٌىب ْ؟‬
America?
Have you (m, p) ever is jju tswam atay s n‫ع‬na‫ع‬ ‫َربي ش إٌعٕبع‬
‫إِش جّىرطىا َ أ‬
drunk mint tea in ġ mirikan? ‫غ ِرٌىب ْ؟‬
America?
She has never eaten a ur jju tšši l-hamburger. .‫أُور جّى رػّ ً اٌهّجرگر‬
hamburger.
He has never said these ur jju inni ġayad. .‫أُور جّى إِ ٴّ ً ؼٍبد‬
things.

4- PLACE ADVERBS “D” (‫ )د‬AND “N” (‫)ن‬.
The place adverbs “d” and “n” are always attached to some verbs, and should not
be confused with the unattached conjunction “d” (and) or unattached preposition
“n” (of).

The adverb “d” normally translates to “here”.

The adverb “n” translates to “there”.

Examples:

He sent (to here) a letter yuznd yat tbrat idgam.
yesterday.
He sent a letter to us. yuznaġd yat tbrat.

He worked in the US for ixdmn ġ mirikan sin
two years. isggasn.

In the negative, “d” and “n” are attached to the negative indicator “ur”
(‫ )أُور‬and are not attached to the end of the verb.

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TashlHeet  81

Examples:

He didn‟t come in. urd ikšm.

He didn‟t take anything
urn yusi walu ġid.
from here.

In questions, the adverbs are also not attached to the verbs. Rather, we
attach “d” or “n” to the end of the question words.

Examples:

Who came in? mad ikšmn?

What did he bring? mad yiwi?

Whet did they steal? mad ukrn?

Did he send the money? izd yuzn iqaridn?

Some verbs that always use the place adverb.

To go out fġ

To pass zri

To enter kšm

To send azn

To take asi

To empty xwu

To work xdm

To ask saqsa

To steal akr

To hang agl

To catch amz

To buy sġ

To kill nġ

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82  Peace Corps/Morocco
To give fk

To begin/start bdu

Unlike other verbs, the verb “ašk” (to come) always uses the place adverb
“d”. Because you always use the place adverb, you can think of this verb as
meaning either “to come” or “to come here”. It is conjugated like pattern 2
verbs, with the “d” following the past tense suffixes.

To come here ašk * ‫أشل‬
nkki uškiġd ‫أُغىٍؽذ‬ ً ّ‫ ٴى‬nkni nuškad ‫ىغىبد‬
‫ٴ‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴى‬
Kyyi/kmmi tuškid ‫رىغى ٍذ‬ /ًّ ٍ ‫ و‬knni tuškamd ‫رىغىبِذ‬ ً ّٕ ‫و‬
ًّ ّ‫و‬
ntta yuškad ‫ىغىبد‬
ٌ ‫ ٴزّب‬knninti tuškamdd ّ‫رىغىبِذ‬ ً ‫و ّٕ ٍٕز‬
nttat tuškad ‫ىغىبد‬
‫ر‬ ‫ ٴزّب د‬ntni uškand ‫ُغىب ٴذ‬
‫أ‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴز‬
ntnti uškandd ّ‫ُغىب ٴذ‬
‫أ‬ ً ‫ٴزّٕز‬
*In the imperative, we may add an “i” between “ašk” and “d”.

Come here! aškid s ġid!

Examples:

I came (here) to Morocco
uškiġd s l-mġrib ayyur lli
last month.
izrin.

They came (here) to
uškand s r-rbat baš ad
Rabat to see the doctor.
zrn adbib.

Why did you come
max lliġ d tuškam?
(here)?
He didn‟t come to study. urd yuški baš ad iġr.

When “ašk” is used with “n”, it roughly means “to come there”. For English
speakers, this is confusing since we would never use the verb “come” with the
adverb “there”. In TashlHeet, the expression is used when the subject “comes”
(i.e. moves/goes toward another person) but the place is not near the speaker.

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TashlHeet  83

To come there aškin ‫أشنين‬

nkki uškiġn ٓ ‫أُغى ٍؽ‬ ً ّ‫ ٴى‬nkni nuškan ْ ‫ٴىغىب‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴى‬
Kyyi/kmmi tuškitn ٓ ‫رىغى ٍز‬ /ًّ ٍ ‫ و‬knni tuškamn ٓ ِ ‫ىغىب‬
‫ر‬ ً ّٕ ‫و‬
ًّ ّ‫و‬
ntta yuškan ْ ‫ٌىغىب‬ ‫ ٴزّب‬knninti tuškamtn ٓ ‫ىغىب ِز‬
‫ر‬ ً ‫و ّٕ ٍٕز‬
nttat tuškan ْ ‫رىغىب‬ ‫ ٴزّب د‬ntni uškann ّْ ‫ُغىب‬
‫أ‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴز‬
ntnti uškantn ٓ ‫ُغىب ٴز‬
‫أ‬ ً ‫ٴزّٕز‬
*In the imperative, we may add an “i” between “ašk” and “n”.

Examples:

Come there! aškin!

(This is like English “meet me there” and is said by someone who is not yet at the
place of meeting.)

Driss came (to me) there yuškan dari dris idgam.
yesterday.
(Driss came to my house (there yesterday, but I‟m not at my house anymore.)

5-OBJECT PRONOUNS.
In English, we have pronouns for the subject of a sentence: I, you, he, she, we,
and they. But we also have object pronouns that we use after verbs, which can
be either direct or indirect:

Direct:  He hit me.  I wrote a letter.

 I saw her.  I wrote it.

Indirect:  Ask him a question.  I talked to Hassan.

 We gave them some cake.  I talked to him.

So far, you have learned the independent pronouns (see page 10) and the
possessive pronouns (see page 10). Here are the direct and indirect object
pronouns that we use after verbs in TashlHeet:

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. . p) kn ٓ ‫و‬ awn ْ ‫او‬ you (f. p) knt ‫وٕ ذ‬ awnt ‫او ٕ ذ‬ they (m) tn ٓ ‫ر‬ asn ٓ ‫اض‬ they (f) tnt ‫رٕ ذ‬ asnt ‫اض ٕ ذ‬ Examples: I wrote a letter. ariġ yat tbrat.َ ‫غ ٍػ أؼرو‬ I ate it. s) km ُ‫و‬ am َ‫ا‬ him / it t ‫د‬ as ‫اش‬ her / it tt ّ‫د‬ as ‫اش‬ us aġ ‫اغ‬ aġ ‫اغ‬ you (m.‫غ ٍػ د‬ He sent a letter to ‫ٌىز ْ رجرا د إ ِ ٍٍىخ د‬ yuzn tabrat i malika d Malika and her . .‫ د رٌبي‬1400 ‫إضؽب دّ ش‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.‫رگبزٴص‬ ‫أُو‬ urgazns. husband. s) k ‫ن‬ ak ‫ان‬ you (f.‫ْجبؾ‬ ‫ضبوٌػ إِ د‬ I talked to him. nniġ ak ad ur tddut. .ّ‫أراغ د‬ I talked to Jeff.‫أراغ ٌب د رجرا د‬ I wrote it.ّ‫ض ٓ د‬ ‫ٌىز ْ ا‬ I told you not to go. yuzn asn tabrat. . ššiġ t. . . yuzn asn tt. ariġ tt.com .‫ٴٍّػ ان اد أُر رذّو د‬ How much did Mike pay mnšk as isġa mike ‫ِ ٕػه اش إضؽب ِب ٌ هرجالّث ٍذ؟‬ for the jellaba? tajllabit? He bought it for 1400 isġa tt s 1400 d ryal.‫ضبوٌػ اش‬ I ate bread. sawlġ i jeff.‫ض ٓ رجرا د‬ ‫ٌىز ْ ا‬ He sent it to them. . .84  Peace Corps/Morocco Direct object pronouns Indirect object pronouns me iyyi ّ‫إِي‬ iyyi ّ‫إِي‬ you (m. ššiġ aġrum. . sawlġ as. He sent them a letter.

‫رٌبي‬ 6-QUESTION WORDS. Did he buy it for 1200? is tt isġa s 1200 ryal? ٌ ‫ ر‬1200 ‫إش دّ إضؽب ش‬ ‫بي؟‬ No. Some will be new for you. p)do ma tskrm idgam? ‫ِبرطىرَ إظگب َ؟‬ yesterday? What did you tell the ma tnnit i l-mudir? ‫ِب ر ّٕ ٍ ذ إ ا ٌّذٌر؟‬ director? How mamnk/manik ‫ مانيل‬/ ‫مامنل‬ How are you? mamnk a tgit? ‫ِبِٕه أ رگ ٍ ذ؟‬ How did you come? manik as tuškit? ‫ِب ٴ ٍ ه أش رػى ٍ ذ؟‬ When managu/manuk ‫ مانگو‬/ ‫مانوك‬ When did it rain? manuk idr unzar? ‫ِب ٴىن إ ِظر ُأٴسار؟‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. 1200 ‫ أُر دّ إضؽ ً ش‬،‫أ ُهى‬ 1200 ryals. ur tt isġi s 1200 ryal. TashlHeet  85 ryals. . he didn‟t buy it for uhu. Some of these you already know. Where is manza ‫مانسا‬ Where is your husband? manza argaznm? ‫ٴسا أرگبز ٴّ ُ؟‬ ِ ‫ب‬ Where is the house of manza tigmmi n ‫ع‬umar? ‫ِبٴسا ر گّ ً ْ عّر؟‬ Omar? where mani ‫ماني‬ Where are you going? mani trit? ‫ِب ٴ ً رر ٌ ذ؟‬ Where did you eat pizza? mani ġ tššit l-pitza? ‫ِب ٴ ً غ رػ ٍ ذ اٌﭙـٍزس؟‬ What ma ‫ما‬ What did you (m.com .

com .86  Peace Corps/Morocco When did he say this? managu inna ġayad? ‫گى إٴّب ؼٍبد؟‬ ‫ِب ٴ‬ Why max lliġ ‫ماخ لّيغ‬ Why did you steal? max lliġ tukrt? ‫ِبر ٌّ ٍػرىر د؟‬ Why were they late? max lliġ matln? ‫ِبر ٌّ ٍػ ِبؼٍ ٓ؟‬ Whose (m) win mit ‫وِن مِت‬ Whose book is this? win mit iga l-ktabad? ‫وِ ْ ِِذ إگب اٌىزبثبد؟‬ Whose (f) tin mit ‫تِن مِت‬ Whose cow is this? tin mit tga tafunastad? ‫ٴبضزبد؟‬ ‫فى‬ ‫رگب ر‬ ‫رِ ٓ ِ ذ‬ On what maf ‫ماف‬ On what did he put the maf isrs l-kas? ‫ضرش اٌىبش؟‬ ِ‫ِبؾ إ‬ glass? Where in maġ ‫ماغ‬ Where (in) did you put maġ tgit aman? ‫ِبغ رگ ٍ ذ اِب ْ؟‬ the water? Where (in) are the maġ llan iqaridn? ‫لبر ٌع ٓ؟‬ ‫ِبغ الّ ْ إ‬ money? With what mas ‫ماش‬ How (with what) did you mas trzmt tiflut? ‫ِبش ر رزِ ذرفٍى د؟‬ open the door? With whom madda/maddi ‫مادّا‬ With whom did you talk? madda tsawlm? ‫ِبدّارطبوٌ ُ؟‬ With whom did you eat dinner? maddi tššit imnsi? ‫ِبدّا رػ ٍ ذ إِ ٕ طً؟‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

p) went to the manwi yddan s tagant? ‫ِب ٴىي إدّا ْ شرگب ٴ ذ؟‬ forest? More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com . s) manwa ‫مانوا‬ Which one/who (f. are…? is / izd ‫ إِزد‬/ ‫إِش‬ Do you want couscous? is trit sksu? ‫إش ررٌذ ضىطى؟‬ Is he traveling is ra ysafr askka? ‫ـر أضىّب؟‬ ‫إش إضب‬ ‫را‬ tomorrow? Is it you or she? izd kyyi nġd nttat? ‫إِزد و ٍّ ً ٔؽذ ٴزّب د؟‬ Which man ‫مان‬ Who ma ‫ما‬ The verb following these question words takes a participle form in the past. (see page 218) Who hit this boy? ma yutn afrux ad? ‫ِب ٌى رٓ اـروج اد؟‬ Who took the money? ma yumzn iqaridn? ‫ِب ٌ ىِس ْ إِلر ظ ٓ؟‬ Which people went to the man middn iddan s s-suq? ‫ِب ْ ِذ ْ إدّا ْش اضىق؟‬ souq? Which woman prepared man tamġart iskrn imkli? ‫إِىًٍ؟‬ ْ ‫ضىر‬ ‫ِبْ رّؽبر د إ‬ lunch? Which one/who (m. p) manwi ‫مانوي‬ Which one/who (f. TashlHeet  87 To whom mamu/mami ‫ مامي‬/ ‫مامو‬ To whom did you give the mamu tfkit ‫ِبِىرفى ٍ ذ اٌؽ ىِىث ٍ ً؟‬ car? t-tumubil? Is…?. p) manti ‫مانتي‬ Which one do you want? manwa trit? ‫ِب ٴىا رر ٌ ذ؟‬ Who (m. s) manta ‫مانتا‬ Which one/who (m.

88  Peace Corps/Morocco How much/how many mnšk / mnška ‫ منشنا‬/ ‫منشل‬ The question word mnšk (‫ )منشل‬may be followed by the preposition “n” (‫)ن‬.com . How much time? mnšk n l-uqt? ‫ِ ٕػه ْ اٌىل ذ؟‬ How much milk? mnšk n l-Hlib? ‫ِ ٕػه ْ اٌ ذ ٍ ٍت؟‬ How much is this shirt? mnšk l-qamija yad? ‫ِٕػه اٌم ّ ٍجخ ٌبد؟‬ How much did you pay mnšk as tn tsġit? for them? ‫ِٕػه اش رٓ رطؽ ٍ ذ؟‬ BERBER WISDOM Imik s imik ar ikššm aram s ugdur Little by little the camel enters the pot English equivalent: Rome is not built on one day. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

ġ ‫ غ‬. ‫ {ٴى ًٕ} (دّو) ش‬.‫ رّسرر ٍ ٕى رّمّىرثهرا‬. 1) idgam (nkr) zik sbaн. (ġr) ġ l-jami‫ع‬a n Boston. (sawl) ٓ ‫دض‬‫بوي) د‬ ‫ض‬ ( ،‫(گبور) د اٌفّ ٍال ٴى‬ :‫عّر‬ didsn imik. (fdr) (fġ).ُ ٍ ‫أُؼراش ( ِٕگّبر) أ َِذ ّوٍ ٍ ٕىثراه‬ {nkni} (ddu) s tagant. (fġ) ġ sb‫ع‬a.1 uġaras (mnaggar) amddaklinu Brahim. .3 ٌ ‫ ( إٌ ً) غ ِر‬،ٌٓ ‫ضگّب ش ٌّ ً إزر‬ l-wilaya n New York.‫ (ث ًّ) ا ٌخعر د‬،ٓ‫إِرووى ر‬ Exercise 2: put the verbs in parentheses in the correct form. (l‫ع‬b) l-karta.)‫ (خذ َ) ؼ ٍ ٓ أر ذرگّب د (ورّي‬،‫رگب ٴ ذ‬ tadggat (wrri). (bbi) l-xdrt.)‫ ( ـعر) ( ـػ‬،‫ إظگب َ (ٴىر) ز ٌ هصجبح‬. tamazirtinu )‫ (ؼر‬. TashlHeet  89 PRACTICE Exercise 1: put the verbs in parentheses in the correct form.‫اٌزٍفسح‬ {nkki} (kšm) s l-bitinu (gn).ً‫(إ ظ) إِ ٕ ط‬ (ddu) s tigmmins.‫ إظگب َ (ٴىر) ز ٌ ه غ ا ٌخّطخ و ٴص‬.ٓ ‫غ اٌجبِعخ ْثىضؽ‬ 4) ayyur lli izrin (aškid) s l-mġrib. ntta )‫ ٴىّ ً (ؼر‬،‫ ٴزّب (دّو) ش ر گّ ٍٕص‬.‫إِ ِه‬ lliġd (wrri).‫جعخ‬ ‫( ـػ) غ اٌط‬ 3) asggas lli izrin.4 mutatawwi‫ع‬. ‫رفرج) غ‬ ( ،‫ ( ٌعت ا)ٌىبرؼخ‬،)‫(وري‬ (tfrj) ġ t-tlfaza. (gn). . (‫ع‬awn) ultma ġ l-kuzina.)ٓ ‫اٌج ٍِز ٍ ٕى (گ‬ l-нdd lli izrin. . (sird) )‫ (ضٍرد‬.2 udminu d uxsaninu mn b‫ع‬d (ls) ،‫أُو دِ ٍ ٕى د أُوخطب ٴ ٍ ٕى ِ ٓثعذ (ٌص) اٌذىا ٌج ٍ ٕى‬ l-нwayjinu. . . ‫ ٌٍّؽذ‬. (ili) ġ mirikan (zdġ) ġ ‫ىب ْ (زدغ) غ‬ ‫ أ‬.)ٓ ‫ (گ‬،‫إِ ٍ ه‬ 2) idgam (nkr) zik ġ l-xmsa u ns. Ali: is (gn) idgam zik? ‫إِش (گ ٓ) إِظگب َ زٌه؟‬ :ًٍ‫ع‬ Omar: uhu! !‫أ ُهى‬ :‫عّر‬ Ali: max? ‫ِبر؟‬ :ًٍ‫ع‬ Omar: (ggawr) d l-familanu. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. (xdm) ġin ar ‫ غ ظ ٍّ ط‬. mn b‫ع‬d {nkki} (fġ). mn b‫ع‬d ‫ ِ ٓثعذ {ٴى ًّ} (وػ ُ) ش‬.com .‫ أٌىر ٌ ًّ إزر ٌ ٓ (أغى ٍذ) ش اٌّؽر ة‬. (g) )‫ (گ‬. nkki (ur g) turist. ġ r-rbat )‫ثبغ (ؼر‬ ‫ غ ا ٌر‬. nkki (ġr) imik. )‫ض ٍّرد‬ ( :‫ (عبو ْ) أ ٌُ زّب غ اٌىىز ٌ ٕخ‬،ٌٓ ‫ا ٌذذ ٌّ ً إِزر‬ (ssird) irukutn.)‫ ِ ٓثعذ {ٴى ًّ} ( ـػ‬.‫اٌىال ٌخ ْ ٴٍى ٌىرن‬ tmqqur bahra. ġ diyid (išš) imnsi.‫ ٴىّ ً (أُور گ) رى رٌط ذ‬،‫ِزؽىع‬ (ġr) imik n ta‫ع‬rabt.

ْ ‫) {ٴز ًٕ} (ورو) ٌب د رْگ ّ ً إ ِدال‬2 3) (jlu) l-bztamns. 1. ‫)إظگب َ (ؼر) اٌى‬2 .ً ٍ‫ غ اٌؽٕب ظ و ٴص (إ ظ) إ ِى‬. .‫(ؼر) رػٍ ذ ٍ ذ‬ imkli.is (fk) Amina l-ktab i Jamal? ‫) إِش ( ـ ه) أ ِ ٍ ٕخ اٌىزبة إِجّبي؟‬1 2. . ġ l-tnaš u ns (išš) .‫) ( جٍى)اٌجسؼبِٕص‬3 4) {ntni} (xlu) tigmmi taqdimt.‫زبث ٍٕىأغىى ر ِ ٍػ‬ 3) (ddu) fatima s l-xdmt. ( }ًّ ٕ ‫) {و‬5 . ašku (išš) imnsi zik. Exercise 3: put the verbs in parentheses in the correct form.)‫) (رز) وّبي اٌ ّگب ٴخ ٌ ًّ أَش {ٴى ًّ} ( ـ ه‬3 (fk). Exercise 4: conjugate the verbs in parentheses in the negative form.com . mn b‫ع‬d ‫ ِ ٓثعذ (دّو) ش‬،‫ غ رّ ٕ ٍخ (أرا) ٌب درجرا ة‬.‫) (دّو) ـبؼّخ ش اٌخ ذِ ذ‬3 4) {ntni} (išš) imkli ašku šba‫ع‬n.90  Peace Corps/Morocco ‫إٍِه ْرعراث ذ‬ 5) ġ tmnya (ara) yat tabrat.‫اٌجىضؽخ (أز ْ) رجرا د إِثَجب‬ l-‫ع‬šra u ns (ġr) tašlнit. 1) is (bdu)l-xdmtnk nġd urta? ‫) إش (ثذو) اٌخ ذِ زٕه ٔؽذ أُر‬1 ‫رب؟‬ 2) {ntni} (kru) yat tgmmi iнlan. 1) nkni (gn) zik. .‫ أغىى (إ ِظّ) إِ ٕ طً زٌه‬،‫) ٴ ىًٕ (گ ٓ) ز ٌ ه‬1 2) idgam (ġr) l-ktabinu ašku rmiġ. . ġ ‫ غ اٌعػرح و ٴص‬.ma {kmmi} (ls) idgam ġ l-нfla? ‫) ِب {و ّ ًّ} (ٌص) إ ِظ‬2 ‫گب َ غ اٌذفٍخ؟‬ 3.‫ضى) أربي‬ Exercise 5: put the verbs in parentheses in the correct form. .5 (ddu) s l-bosta (azn)tabrat i baba.ٓ ‫) {ٴز ًٕ} ( إظّ) إ ِىٍ ً أغىى غجبع‬4 5) {knni} (su) atay.‫) {ٴز ًٕ} (خٍى) رِ گّ ً رمذ ٌّ ذ‬4 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. .(rz) Kamal l-magana lli as {nkki} .

‫ِعبو ْخبٌذگّبن غ اٌذطب ة‬ ‫ إ‬.7 8.ْ ‫ضّى ا ِذّذإگرا‬. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.‫ زٴس ٌػ اٌؽى ِىث ٍ ً إِ درٌص‬.‫ ـى ٍػ ٌبْ اٌىب ظى إِ ٴبد ٌخ‬.ْ ‫ ضىٌػ اِب‬.6 7.8 9.‫رمٓ ـبؼّخ رِىَ ٌّ ٍٕص‬. ifka jamal yan l-ktab i нassan. .3 4. . .1 2.5 6.com . ttun tisuransn ġ tigmmi. fkiġ yan l-kado i nadia.ً ّ‫ رّى ْ رِطىر اٴط ٓ غ ر گ‬. suiġ aman. tqqn fatima tiwallinns.ٓ ‫زب ة إ دط‬ ‫إـىبجّبيٌب ْ اٌى‬. znziġ t-tumubil i driss. 1. i‫ع‬awn xalid gmak ġ l-нsab. is tzrit l-film lli f ak sawlġ? ‫ إشرسر ٌ ذاٌف ٍ ٍ ُ ٌ ًّ ؾ ان ضبوٌػ؟‬. . TashlHeet  91 Exercise 6: replace the underlined nouns by the corresponding pronouns. . . issua moнamed igran. .2 3.9 Exercise 7: write a paragraph from these pictures. .4 ‫إ‬ 5.

92  Peace Corps/Morocco DAILY ROUTINES Objective: by the end of this chapter you will be able to:  Talk about your daily activities. Vocabulary: Time expressions Always bdda/dayman Sometimes l-b‫ع‬d n t-twal kra n tikkal Once a … yat tikklt ġ yan d-dur ġ Once a year yan d-dur ġ usggas Once a month yan d-dur ġ wayyur Everyday kra ygat as On (day of the week) as n … On Saturday as n s-sbt Every … kra ygat … Every morning kra ygat sbaH Every Friday kra ygat l-jam‫ع‬ Now ġilad/ġila/dġik At this time ġ l-uqtad More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com .

 Habitual actions: I eat couscous everyday. To this construction we add prefixes and suffixes. It is difficult to set up rules for the formation of the present tense.  Progressive action: I am eating couscous every Friday. the present indicator is “da” (‫ )دا‬instead of “ar”. p) They are ntni ar šttan ْ ‫أرغزّب‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴز‬ eating (m) They are ntnti ar šttant ‫أرغزّب ٴ ذ‬ ً ‫ٴزٕز‬ eating (f) More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. f) You are eating knninti ar tšttamt ‫أررػزبِ ذ‬ ً ‫و ّٕ ٍٕز‬ (f. * In Ourzazate region. I am eating nkki ar šttaġ ‫أرغزّبغ‬ ً ّ‫ٴى‬ You are eating kyyi/kmmi ar tšttat ‫أررػزّب د‬ ً ّ‫ و‬/ً ٍّ ‫و‬ He is eating ntta ar ištta ‫أرإغزّب‬ ‫ٴزّب‬ She is eating nttat ar tštta ‫أررػزب‬ ‫ٴزّب د‬ We are eating nkni ar nštta ‫أر ٴػزّب‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴى‬ You are eating knni ar tšttam َ ‫أررػزّب‬ ً ّٕ ‫و‬ (m. which is the present indicator. the present tense normally expresses both habitual and progressive actions. Generally.com . and the imperative continuous as its stem (see the glossary of verbs page 228). TashlHeet  93 GRAMMATICAL POINTS 1-THE PRESENT TENSE. a verb in the present consists of “ar” (‫)أر‬. In TashlHeet. To eat išš ‫إش‬ ّ Infinitive/imperative simple. Keep eating štta Imperative continuous. It is merely a matter of practice and use.

Aicha drinks milk every ar tssa ‫ع‬iša l-нlib kra ‫أررطّب عٍػخ اٌذ ٍ ٍت وراٌگب د‬ morning. Examples: I don‟t speak Arabic. Do you play soccer? is ar tl‫ع‬abt takurt? ‫إشرأ رٍعبث ذ رىىر د؟‬ No. . To negate the present tense. uhu. ygat sbaн.ْ ‫أر غزّبغ إضٍّب‬ 2-NEGATION.94  Peace Corps/Morocco Infinitive/imperative simple Imperative continuous To drink su ‫ضى‬ ssa ‫ضّب‬ To play l‫ع‬b ‫ٌعت‬ tl‫ع‬ab ‫رٍعب ة‬ To work xdm َ ‫خذ‬ txdam َ ‫رخذا‬ To like ‫ع‬jb ‫عجت‬ t‫ع‬jab ‫رعجب ة‬ To go ddu ‫دّو‬ tddu ‫رذّو‬ To have fdr tfdar ‫ـعر‬ ‫رفعبر‬ breakfast Examples: Tim speaks TashlHeet well. ar šttaġ islman. I don‟t play soccer.‫جبح‬‫ص‬ Malika and her husband malika d urgazns ar ْ ‫طبـبر‬ ‫ُرگبزٴص أر ر‬‫ٍٍِىخ د أ‬ travel to England every tsafarn s n-ngliz kra .ّ‫أُورارخذا َ أش ْ اٌذذ‬ Sundays. ura tl‫ع‬abġ takurt. ygat usggas.ْ ‫أرإضىاي ر ٍ ُ رػٍذ ٍ ذ ِسٌب‬ mzyan. ar isawal tim tašlнit . .‫أُوراضىاٌػرعراث ذ‬ She doesn‟t work on ura txdam as n l-Hdd. ura sawalġ ta‫ع‬rabt.‫ أُورا رٍعبثػ رىىر د‬،‫أ وهى‬ Anymore urasul More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. I eat fish.‫ضگّبش‬ ُ‫ش اٌ ّٕگٍٍس ورا ٌگبد أ‬ year.com . we use “ura” (‫ )أورا‬before the actual verb. . . .

You want to knni tram a َ ‫ررا َ أرذّو‬ ً ّٕ ‫و‬ go. TashlHeet  95 He doesn‟t smoke anymore. 3-USING ONE VERB AFTER ANOTHER. d+t=t She wants nttat tra a tddu ‫ررا أ رذّو‬ ‫ٴزّب د‬ d+n=n to go. We want to nkni nra a nddu ‫ٴرا أ ٴذّو‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴى‬ go. that t and n He wants to ntta ira a yddu ‫إرا أ ٌذّو‬ ‫ٴزّب‬ assimile go. to study). p) tddumt They want ntni ran ad ddun ْ ‫را ْ أد دّو‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴز‬ to go. as you recall. to call. urasul ikmmi. I want to go. As the examples show. I want to read. (f) ddunt More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. (m. to cook. This will serve as equivalent of the infinitive when we use one verb after another. We forgot to call you.com . (m) They want ntnti rant ad ‫راٴذ أد دّو ٴ ذ‬ ً ‫ٴزّٕز‬ to go. But in TashlHeet. She doesn‟t travel a lot urasul tsafar bahra. nkki riġ ad dduġ ‫ر ٌػ أد دّوغ‬ ً ّ‫ٴى‬ You want to Kyyi/kmmi trit a tddut ‫رر ٌ ذ أ رذّو د‬ ً ّ‫ و‬/ًّ ٍ ‫و‬ Notice go. anymore. p) tddum You want to knninti tramt a ‫رر اِذ أرذّ وِ ذ‬ ً ‫و ّٕ ٍٕز‬ go. we use the imperative with past prefixes and suffixes proceeded by “ad” (‫)أد‬. (f. in English we use the infinitive after a verb (to read. Sometimes. She began to study yesterday. we use a verb directly after another. there isn‟t actually an infinitive for verbs (see page 70). This is true in English. Instead. the d. He likes to cook.

‫أِذ ّوٍ ٍ ٕى‬ 4-RELATIVE PRONOUNS. . . who. tašlHit mzyan. The most important of these is “baš” (‫ثب ظ‬ ). More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. That. This word is the equivalent of the English “in order to”.ْ ‫ِسٌب‬ He helped him plow the i‫ع‬awn t a ykrz igranns.‫زبثٕص‬ ‫رزّىأد ربوي اٌى‬ book. Using with other expressions: The same construction is used after other words and expression. . ،‫رَّؽبر د لّي إ رزِ ٓ ِرفٍى د‬ the door is beautiful. I went to Agadir to see ddiġ s ugadir baš ad zrġ ‫ثب ظ أد زرغ‬ ‫ُگبدٌر‬ ‫دّ ٌػ ش أ‬ my friend. Examples: Malika went to the post tdda malika s l-bosta baš ‫ضؽخثبظ أ‬ ‫رذّا ِ ٍٍىخ ش اٌجى‬ office in order to send a a tazn yat tbrat. which lli ‫لّي‬ Where is the money that manza l-flus lli ak rdlġ? ‫ب ِٴسا اٌفٍىش لّي أ ن رظٍػ؟‬ I lent you? Where is the girl who manza tafruxt lli iznzan ْ ‫َفروخ ذ لّي إزٴسا‬ ‫ِبٴسا ر‬ sells the carpets. . .‫ذال‬ The house which I tigmmi lli sġiġ tmzzi. amddaklinu.com . .‫إعبو ْ د أدإورز إگرا ٴ ٕص‬ fields. tizrbay? ‫رِسرثبي؟‬ The woman who opened tamġart lli irzmn tiflut.96  Peace Corps/Morocco Examples: I hope to speak TashlHeet ar tmnnaġ ad sawlġ ‫ضبوٌػ رػٍذ ٍ ذ‬ ‫أر رّّٕبغ أد‬ well.‫رِ گّ ًّ لّيضؽ ٍػ رّسّي‬ bought is small. tнla. She forgot to bring her tttu a tawi l-ktabns. .‫ربز ْ ٌب د رجرا د‬ letter.

‫ثسّاؾ‬ The one (m) who ġwalli ‫غوالّي‬ I know the one who did this.‫ر ٌػ أد زرغ ما ٌطؽب‬ bought. . yddu. In which lliġ ‫لّيغ‬ The house. in which he l-kas lliġ iffi atay irka.ٓ ‫إزرا ؼىٌٍّ ً إـؽ‬ The one (f) who xttalli ‫ختّالّي‬ I know the one you are snġ xttalli f tsawalt.‫رِ گّ ًّ ٌّ ٍػ زدؼ ٓ رّمّىر‬ live is big. . The country. She wanted to know who went tra a tsn ma yfġn ٓ ‫ررا أ رط ٓ ماٌفؽ‬ out.‫اٌىبش ٌّ ٍػ إ ـّ ً اربي إروب‬ poured tea is dirty. The glass. . to which he ar it‫ع‬mmar s-suq llis ra . sfldġ ma tnnit. taggug bzzaf. is too far.‫ضفٍذغ ما ر ّٕ ٍ ذ‬ I saw what he stole from her zriġ ma yukr ġ tgmmins. in which. I heard what you said. .com . they tigmmi lliġ zdġn tmqqur. . izra ġwilli ifġn. To which llis ‫لّيص‬ The souq. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. snġ ġwalli iskrn ġayad.‫إضىر ْ ؼٍَبد‬ ًّ ٌ‫ض ٕػ ؼى ا‬ The ones (m) who ġwilli ‫غويلّي‬ He saw the ones who left. TashlHeet  97 What/who ma ‫ما‬ I want to see what he has riġ ad zrġ ma ysġa. . .‫أر إرعّّبر اٌطى ق ٌٍّص را ٌذّو‬ went is always crowded. ‫زر ٌػ ما ٌىور غ ر گّ ٍٕص‬ house. to wich he tamazirt llis ra yddu ‫ر َّسٌر د ٌٍّص راد إدّو َرگّىگ‬ will go.‫رطبو ٌَ ذ‬ ‫خزبٌ ًّ ؾ‬ ّ ‫ض ٕػ‬ talking about. .

‫ ِبر‬،‫ٌٍّػ دارن اٌخ ذِ ثسّاؾ‬ work. tagant.com . ynnan ġayan. . .‫گ ٕ ذ‬ ddant ad gnt.‫ض ٕػ إشرالّ ؼ ٍذ‬ He thought that they iġal is ddan s wasif. ssnġ is tlla ġid. ġalġ izd kyyi. .ًّ ٍ ِ‫ؼبٌػ إزد و‬ I heard that it was this sfldġ izd tamġartad a . When/since lliġ ‫لّيغ‬ Since you have a lot of lliġ dark l-xdmt bzzaf. ad.ْ ‫ربد إٌّٔب ْ ؼٍَب‬ ‫ضفٍذغ إزد رَّؽبر‬ woman who said that. He asked if he is going isaqsa is ra dids iddu s ‫إضَمطب إش را دِدش إدّو ش‬ with him to the forest. 5-CONJUNCTIONS.‫َگب ٴ ذ‬ ‫ر‬ *we often complete these sentences by adding “nġd uhu ?” (or not?) Tell me if you are free or iniyyi is tsalat nġd uhu ‫إ ٴِ ٍّ ًإش رطالد ٔؽذ أُو هى‬ not.‫َض ٍؿ‬ ‫إؼبي إش دّا ْ ش و‬ went to the river. . . *is becomes izd before a noun or a pronoun. why did you go to the max lliġ tddit s ‫ٌٍّػ رذّ ٌ ذ ش اٌطِ ٍ ِّٕب؟‬ cinema? s-sinima? More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. If is ‫إش‬ I want to know if he is at riġ ad ssnġ is illa ġ tgmmi ً ّ ‫ر ٌػ أد ض ٕػ إش إالّ غرگ‬ home. I want to know if you‟ve riġ ad snġ is tġrit l-ktab ‫ثبد‬ ‫ر ٌػدأ ض ٕػ إش رؽر ٌ ذ اٌىزب‬ read this book.98  Peace Corps/Morocco The ones (f) who xttilli ً ٍّ ‫خز‬ The ones who ate dinner xttilli iššan imnsi ‫خز ٍّ ً إغّب ْ إ ِٕط ً د ّاٴذ أد‬ went to bed. I thought that it was you. That is ‫إش‬ I know that she is here.

com . As soon as adukan ‫أدُمان‬ As soon as it rains. ifllaнn ar kkrzn. Sleep early in order to gn zik baš ad tnkrt zik. *arkiġ/ard (unaccomplished action) Leave the clothes in the ajj l-нwayj ġ tafukt arkiġ ‫َفىو ذ أرو ٍػ‬ ‫أجّ اٌذىا ٌج غ ر‬ sun until they‟re dried. Until aylliġ / arkiġ / ard ‫ أرد‬/ ‫ أرميغ‬/ ‫أيلّيغ‬ *aylliġ (accomplished action) He hit this man until he yut argazad aylliġ immut. In order to afad / baš (ad) )‫ باش (اد‬/ ‫أفَذ‬ I study TashlHeet in ar aqraġ tašlнit baš ad ‫ثب ظ أد ـهّػ‬ ‫أر ألراغ رَػٍذ ٍ ذ‬ order to understand fнmġ middn. When you left this morning lliġ tddit sbaнad.ً ِ‫أرضرش إرم ًّ أٌٍٍّػ إر‬ he was tired.ْ ‫زوا‬ I will not sleep until you ur rad gnġ ard twrrit. . trglt tiflut.‫اٌصبوٕه‬ tttut s-saknk.‫ثب ظ أد رٕىر د ز ٌه‬ ‫گ ٓ زٌه‬ get up early. . . .ْ ‫أُور رٓ زرٌػ ٌّ ٍػ دّا‬ they left.ْ ‫أر وّرز‬ As soon as she comes in.ْ ّ‫أُغىٍؽذ أ ـَذ أد عبو ٴػ ِذ‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.‫ِفٍى د‬ ‫ ررگٍ ذ ر‬،ُ ‫ُوب ْ رىػ‬ ‫أد‬ lock the door. I came to help people. zwan. uškiġd afad ad ‫ع‬awnġ . . .‫گبزاد أٌٍّ ٍػ إ ِّى د‬ ‫ٌى د أر‬ died. ‫ رزّى د‬،‫ٌٍّػ رذّ ٌ ذصجبدبد‬ you forgot your bag. the adukan idr unzar. . . . TashlHeet  99 I didn‟t see them when ur tn zriġ lliġ ddan. . He waited for him until ar srs itqql aylliġ irmi. bdun ٓ ‫ثذو ْ إـالّ د‬،‫ُوب ْ إظر أُٴسار‬‫أد‬ farmers begin to plow.‫أُور رادگ ٕػ أرد رىرّ ٌ ذ‬ come back. adukan tkšm.ْ ّ‫ِذ‬ people.

ْ ‫ِفى‬ ٍ ِ‫ ضىر اش اٌز‬،‫أگىدٴّب ر ٍىّذ‬ t-tilifun. He escaped because he irwl ašku iksud. . ifassnk.com . skr as .100  Peace Corps/Morocco middn.‫زظبرغ‬ When/whenever kudnna / agudnna ‫ اگودنّا‬/ ‫مودنّا‬ Whenever I‟m upset I kudnna qllqġ ar allaġ. agudnna tlkmt.‫اٌطىق‬ Although John is not a waxxa ur igi John ‫ أر‬،ُ ٍ‫َوخّب أُور إگً دجى ْ أِ ُط‬ Muslim. zdarġ .‫َبض ّٕه‬ ‫ ضِ ٍرد إـ‬،‫وىدٴّب رػّ ٍذ‬ hands.‫إرويأغىى إوصىض‬ was afraid. ssird . . rad ‫ راد دّوغ ش‬،‫ّبر إور َ اٌذبي‬ ‫ِم‬ go to the souq.َ ‫إرَسو‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. When you arrive call her. But walaynni / walakin ‫ وََلنِن‬/ ‫وَلَينّي‬ I want to help you but I riġ akm ‫ع‬awnġ walaynni ur ‫ر ٌػ أو ُ عبو ٴػ وَ ٌَ ٍ ّٕ ً أُور‬ can‟t. . .‫وىدٴّب لٍّمػ أر االّغ‬ cry. When you eat wash your kudnna tššit. Although/even though waxxa / mqqar ‫ مقّار‬/ ‫َوخّا‬ Even though it‟s cold. ar ittazum. he fasts. amuslm. I‟ll mqqar ikrm l-нal. .‫إٴىر ز ٌ ه‬ early. dduġ s s-suq. Because ašku ‫أشنو‬ He didn‟t go to school ur iddi s l-mdrasa ašku ur ‫َضخأغىى أُور‬ ‫أُور إدّي ش اٌّذر‬ because he didn‟t wake up inkr zik.

. He shaved without water. t-tilifun. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.ْ ‫اٌ ٍزٍفى‬ BERBER WISDOM ‫ إصبر إ تقّرصت ن تيزّوا‬،‫ونّا يران تمّنت‬ Wanna yran tammnt isbr i tiqqrst n tizzwa The one who wants honey must tolerant bee stings. . . iнssn bla aman.ْ ‫إدط ٓ ثالأِب‬ Or nġd ‫نغذ‬ Send him a letter or call aznas tabrat nġd skras ‫أزٴبش رَجرا د ٔؽذ ضىراش‬ him. TashlHeet  101 Without bla ‫بال‬ He talked without sawlnt bla ad fkkrnt. English equivalent: Every rose has its thorn.‫ضبوٌ ٕ ذثال أد ـىّر ٴ ذ‬ thinking.com .

102  Peace Corps/Morocco PRACTICE Exercise 1: describe the following activities in the present tense. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com .

com . TashlHeet  103 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

ًٍ‫إِى‬ F. baš (ddu) s l-xdmt. B.com . ({ntta} l‫ع‬b) s l-ktubinu. (mun) didi aynna s ddiġ. G.ً ّ‫ غ رذگّب د (ل عى) ٔؽذ (خ ّ ًّ) ر گ‬. then answer the questions.(ssujad) l-fdur. (gn) zġ l-fdur ar imkli. . then arrange the sentenses in the correct order. I.ġ tadggat (qdu) nġd (xmml) . walaynni ur t нmln wadjarn. D.‫ (ٌص) اٌذىا ٌج ٍ ٕى‬. iġ gnġ.(ls l-Hwayjinu).‫اٌخ ذِ ذ‬ J. .nkki (amz) t-tubis ġ t-tmnya ‫ ٴىّ ً ( أِس) اٌؽىثٍص غ اٌ زّ ٕ ٍخثبظ (دّو) ش‬.‫ رروا (گ ٓ) غ اٌزطعىد‬.‫ ٴىّ ً (ٴىر) غ اٌطجعخ‬. b‫ع‬d (išš) imkli. b‫ع‬d (snkr) tarwa. H.‫رروا‬ C. . . . l-b‫ع‬d n t-twal (ddu) s igran (нwws). Exercise 3: put the verb in parentheses in the correct form.‫ضّىجبد)اٌفعىر‬ (. Pat dari yan umuš isms Pat.104  Peace Corps/Morocco Exercise 2: put the verbs between parentheses in the correct form. mn )‫ضٕىر‬ ( ‫ ِ ٓثعذ‬،‫ض ٍّرد) أُد ٍِٕى د أُخطب ٴ ٍٕى‬ (. waxxa irmi Pat ({ntta} wnns {nkki}). (su) l-нlib.‫ ٴ ىًٕ (إ ظ) إِ ٕطً وٍّىر ٕػ‬.nkki ur (gn) ar l-нdaš. ({ntni} ut) ur as akkan walu.nkni (išš) imnsi kullutnġ. A.nkki (nkr) ġ s-sb‫ع‬a.tarwa (gn) ġ t-ts‫ع‬ud. iнla Pat. . (išš) ġir s-srdin.(ssird) udminu d uxsaninu. Pat (rmi) bahra. yan was ifġ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. Pat ur (išš) iġrdayn ula ibxxuyn. . tigmmi. E. .nkki (xdm) ar l-tnaš u ns mn )‫ ٴىّ ً (خذ َ) أر اٌؽٕب ظ و ٴص ِ ٓثعذ (إ ظ‬.‫ ٴىّ ً أُور (گ ٓ) أر اٌذعبظ‬. .

. Questions: 1. ur izri Pat. 1-Hayat/ ddu/s l-bosta/ baš/ sġ/ 1 lakart n t-tilifun.. idda s tama n yat tašjrt ign. ur issn aylliġ t tut tašjrt. ursar t ttuġ ašku i‫ع‬zza dari bahra.. 2-ntta/ iri/ ddu /s mirikan/ baš/ ġr. imik (aškid) yan urgaz (bbi) tašjrt. TashlHeet  105 Pat baš (нwws).com . is izra Pat argaz? max? 3 4. ({nkki} mdl {Pat}) ġ tama n ijddign lliġ ar itl‫ع‬ab kra ygat as. CHOK. mas a ytl‫ع‬ab Pat? 2 3. (warg). using the proper conjugations of verbs and pronouns. max lliġ ar iggan Pat bzzaf? 1 2. mn b‫ع‬d. max lliġ ar itddu Pat s igran? 4 5.. CHOK!!! Pat ign. max lliġ ign Pat ddu tašjrt? 6 Exercise 4: combine the following words into sentenses. yusi aglzim (ut) CHOK. ma yštta Pat? 5 6. (l‫ع‬b) aylliġ irmi. 2 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. immut Pat igllin.

ur rad safrġ ___ twrrit. is ar isawal tim ta‫ع‬rabt mzyan? ‫ إش أر ٌطىاي ر ٍ ُرعراثذ ِسٌب ْ؟‬.‫َضخ ؼ ٍذ‬ ġid. riġ ad duwšġ ___ sunfuġ. is trit atay ___ l-qhwa? ‫ إش ر رٌذ أربي ___ اٌمهىح؟‬. 1.4 ‫ضىطى؟‬ Exercise 6: fill in the blanks with the appropriate conjunction from the list.2 3. ‫ أُور راد‬. ran ad snn ___ tlla kra n l-mdrasa ‫ ر اْ أدض ّٓ ___ الّ ورا ْ اٌّذر‬. is ar tšttat sksu? ‫ إش أر رػزّب د‬.6 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. is ar tsafar malika d urgazns s ‫ب ورا‬ ‫رگبزٴص ش ـرا ٴط‬ ‫ إش أررط‬. is ar tssa ‫ع‬iša atay kra ygat sbaн? ‫ إش أررطّب عٍػخ أربي وراٌگب دصجبح؟‬. .1 2.106  Peace Corps/Morocco 3-nkki/ aškid/ s l-mġrib/ baš/ ‫ع‬awn/ 3 middn/ ssn tn/ ula ntni/ ad/ ssn (nkki)/ mzyan. 4.3 ُ‫فب ر ٍٍِىخ د أ‬ fransa kra ygat usggas? ‫ضگّبش؟‬‫ٌگبد أ‬ 4.3 . ___ tmrid.4 5.5 6. ur isafr ___ ur dars iqaridn.‫ضب ـرغ ___ رىرّ ٌ ذ‬ 2.com . Exercise 5: answer the following sentenses in the negative form. tdda s dar udbib.2 3. .ٓ ‫رأُوإضبـر ___ أُور دارش إلَبر ٌ ع‬. .‫ ر ٌػ أد دوّغػ ___ضىٴفىغ‬.1 . nġd lliġ bla is walaynni waxxa arkiġ adukan aylliġ ašku baš ad 1.‫ رذّا ش دار أ ُظج ٍت‬،‫ ___ رّر ٌ ط‬.

___ tqlq. ran ad ‫ع‬umn ___ krmn waman. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. ar ištta ___ a yssird ifassn. ar iyyi tsflid. ‫ ٴزّى ___ إ‬. ‫ أر إ ٌّ ً ر‬،‫ ___رم ٍك‬. TashlHeet  107 7.ْ ‫ راد زرغ ___گٍص الّ ْ واِب‬.com . rad zrġ ___ gis llan waman.7 8.12 Exercise 7: write a paragraph out of this set of pictures.11 . .ْ ‫ را ْ أد ع ىِ ٓ ___ ورِ ٓ واِب‬. . ___ as sawlġ ar tlla. nttu ___ isafr s mrrakš.َ‫ش ضبوٌػ أر رَال‬ 12. ‫ ___ أ‬.‫ضبـر ش ِر اوع‬ 10.8 .ٓ ّ‫ أر إغزّب ___ ٌطِردبإ ـَض‬. .‫طف ٍ ٍذ‬ 9.9 .10 11.

com . flour. milk. bread. you need to know what items should be bargained for. For example. you will be able to:  bargain for basic items. It can sometimes be tiring for people not used to it. oil. First of all. Ask your host family or watch other Moroccans in order to find out. laundry soap. some items that are sold at fixed prices in a taнanut (e.  Describe differences between items. utensil. even for Moroccans. coriander or furniture  Refill on a butagas  Rent for a house or apartment  Cigarettes and alcohol  Taxi fares on unscheduled runs  Meals or beverages in restaurants  Anything bought in a souk (e. if the price does not work per kilo is posted More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.) Price controlled staple foods:  Anything bought from a street sugar. Some informations about bargaining can also make the process simpler.  Describe the colors of items. tea.  Taxi fares on regular runs etc. it can become much easier. rugs. animals. Cultural points: General bargaining informations. has no regular shop  Anything bought in a pharmacy  Petit taxi fares if the meter Meat and vegetables. vendor who etc.g.g. since the place where you buy some things may determine whether the price is fixed or not. parsley. bargaining is a part of life. eggs) may be bargained for in the souq or from a street vendor.  Bus fares between scheduled stops grains in bulk. Here are some general guidelines for whether prices are fixed or not: Usually Bargained For Seldom Bargained For  Any article of clothing  Things which are literally bought  Any household or kitchen every day: mint. but with some cultural and language skills. In Morocco. This is not always easy to determine.108  Peace Corps/Morocco BARGAINING Objective: by the end of this chapter. vegetables. and what items normally have fixed prices. butter. appliance.

expertise in bargaining) The Buyer‟s Tactics The Seller‟s Tactics  Acting insulted by the seller‟s price  Acting insulted by the buyer‟s offer  Arguing that the difference  Arguing that between the seller‟s price and the the difference between the buyer‟s price offered is insignificant. electrician. friendliness. If you watch Moroccans. price and his price is insignificant the seller should come down to the and the buyer should come up offered price  Pulling out one's money as if the  Wrapping up More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. plumber. Determine the price before the work is done. The Buyer‟s Tactics The Seller‟s Tactics  Not showing too much enthusiasm  Not showing too for buying much enthusiasm for selling  Walking away when the seller has  Turning away named the “lowest” price when the buyer has named the “highest” price  Pointing out defects in the  Noting the merchandise superior quality in the merchandise  Quoting a lower price for an  Insisting that identical item in another shop goods in other shops are not of the same quality  Claiming not to have enough money  Claiming that in to meet the seller's “lowest” price selling at the buyer‟s “highest” price he would be taking a loss  Complimenting or flattering the  Complimenting or seller (on his shop.com .) It is also good to be aware of some of the standard tactics that are used between the buyer and the seller in Morocco. merchandise. you will see many of these. i. friendliness) language ability.e. flattering the buyer (on his or her children. etc. TashlHeet  109  Anything used or second-hand  School supplies Domestic help and services (maid.

naqs šwiya. Do not get too far into bargaining for something if you do not intend to buy it. Vocabulary: bargaining expressions It‟s too expensive iġta/ tġla bzzaf (M.110  Peace Corps/Morocco offered price has been agreed upon the purchase as if the asking price has been agreed upon When you are looking to buy an item that you know you will have to bargain for. . looking like a tourist  Having no idea what an item is really worth. Most of us go unbothered by the sometimes huge markups on big-ticket items in America. don‟t let a bargaining scenario ruin your day. ryals). If you are not clear on the currency in which you are bargaining (i. previously-bought items. . carrying expensive.com . or what is a fair price for that type of item  Being in a hurry  Buying with a guide (he gets a percentage of what you pay). ‫ع‬dl didi t-taman. In the end. Always be prepared to pay a price you have named. iġla flli/flla.ٓ ٌ‫اٌ زّ ٓ إع ذ‬ ma ygan t-taman What‟s the last price? ‫گب ْ اٌز ّ ٓ أ ِگّبرو؟‬ ٌ ‫ِب‬ amggaru? How much will I get it smnšk as rad iyyi t tflt? ‫ضّٕػ ه أش راد إِيِ درفٍ ذ؟‬ for? That‟s what I have ġayad ad dari! !‫ؼٍبد أد داري‬ (money)! More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.ٓ ّ ‫عذي د ٌذي اٌز‬ I won‟t add even a ryal. urad ak zaydġ walu. Remember that one‟s peace of mind is worth something.‫أُوراد ا ن زا ٌذغ دزّى رٌبي‬ I won‟t add anything. or too great a need for. too. F) . t-taman i‫ع‬dln. a particular item  Carrying large sums of money. proceed slowly.ّ‫ ال‬/ً ٍّ‫إؼال ـ‬ A good price. yet we can be easily frustrated by a Moroccan merchant who makes an extra dollar or two off of us.‫ثسّاؾ‬ ‫ رؽال‬/‫إؼال‬ Lower the price. . . These include:  Showing too much interest in. .‫ٴبلص غى ٌخ‬ Give me a good price. urad ak zaydġ нtta ryal. .‫أُوراد ا ن زا ٌذغ واٌى‬ It‟s too much for me. there are a few things that you should probably try to avoid.e.

TashlHeet  111 That‟s my last price! ġwad aygan t-tamaninu! !‫ٌگب ْ اٌز ّ ٕ ٍ ٕى‬ ‫ؼىاد أ‬ CLOTHING Clothes l-Hwayj/ihdumn Clothing vocabulary: 1-sufitma ‫ضىـٍؽّخ‬ 11-fista ‫ـِطزخ‬ 2-djin ٓ ٍ ‫دج‬ 12-tjakita ‫رجبوٍؽخ‬ 3-srwal ‫ضرواي‬ 13-pijama ‫ثٍجب ِخ‬ 4-qamija ns kmm ُّ ‫ل ٍَّجخ ٴص و‬ 14-kbbot ‫وجّىغ‬ 5-qamija ‫ل َّ ٍجخ‬ 15-smta ‫صّّؽخ‬ 6-grafat ‫گرا ـَػ‬ 16-tišurt ‫ر ٍػىر د‬ 7-jili ً ٍّ ‫ج‬ 17-šort ‫غّىرغ‬ 8-kustim ُ ٍ ‫ وىضز‬18-šan ْ ‫غب‬ 9-triko ‫ررٌىى‬ 19-slip ‫ضٍ ٍپ‬ 10-triko kul V ً ‫ررٌىىوىيڤ‬ 20-saya ‫صب ٌخ‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com .

‫فبن‬ ّ‫ ع‬. tqašr ‫ رمبغر‬20. l-xatm ُ ‫اٌخبر‬ 7.112  Peace Corps/Morocco 1. tajllabit ‫جالث ٍ ذ‬ 13. z-zif ‫اٌسٌؿ‬ 12. iqqayn ٓ ٌ ‫إلّب‬ 9.. ligat ‫ٍگب د‬ ٌ 17. ‫ع‬afak. ‫ـى ٍ ًّ اٌ ّٕرح‬ Try this one on. š-šabbu / t-trbuš ‫ اٌؽرثى ظ‬/ ‫اٌػبثّى‬ 18. please. tixursin ٓ ٍ‫ض‬ ‫رخىر‬ 8. tuškad didk/didm (m. f) . tagiya ‫ؼبگ ٍّخ‬ 19.com ..‫ خزّبد‬/ ‫أر َ ؼىاد‬ Do you want another is trit kra n l-lun yadnin? ‫إش رر ٌ ذ ورا ْ ا ٌٍى ْ ٌع ٕ ٍ ٓ؟‬ color? I prefer this color. liba ‫ٌٍجب‬ 15.‫اٌٍىْ اد‬ ‫ر ٌػ‬ It goes well with you. l-kswa ‫اٌىطىح‬ 11. arm ġwad / xttad. l-fuqiya ‫اٌفىل ٍخ‬ 14. . riġ l-lun ad.. fkiyyi n-nmra... l-mdl ً‫ٌّع‬ Clothing expressions: Give me size . . .َ ‫ د ٌذ‬/ ‫رػىبد د ٌذن‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. s-snslt ‫اٌطٕطٍ ذ‬ 10. s-sbbat ‫اٌصجّب د‬ 4. s-sndala ‫اٌص ٕذٌَخ‬ 5. sbrdila ‫ضج ردٌٍخ‬ 2. sutyanat ‫ضىرٍبٴب د‬16. l-butyu ‫ٌجىرٍى‬ 3.. l-mššayat ‫اٌّػّبٌب د‬ 6.

TashlHeet  113 COLORS Colors l-lwan Colors Masculine singular Feminine singular White umlil ًٍُِ ‫أ‬ tumlilt ‫ر ٍُّ ذ‬ Black asggan ْ ‫ضگّب‬ ‫أ‬ tasggant ‫رَطگّب ٴ ذ‬ Green azgzaw ‫أزگساو‬ tazgzawt ‫سگسَاو د‬ َ‫ر‬ Yellow awraġ ‫أوراغ‬ tawraġt ‫رَىراؼ ذ‬ Red azggaġ ‫أزگّبغ‬ tazggaġt ‫َسگّبؼ ذ‬ ‫ر‬ Blue azrqi ً‫أز رل‬ tazrqit ‫رَسرل ٍ ذ‬ Pink awrdi ‫أوردي‬ tawrdit ‫رَىرد ٌ ذ‬ afanidi ‫أـ ٕذي‬ tafanidit ‫فَ ِٕذِ ٌ ذ‬ ‫َر‬ Brown aqhwi ‫ألهىي‬ taqhwit ‫ر َمهى ٌ ذ‬ Masculine plural Feminine plural Colors White umliln ًٍُِ ‫أ‬ tumlilin ‫ر ٍُّ ذ‬ Black isggann ْ ‫ضگّب‬ ‫ أ‬tisgganin ‫رَطگّب ٴ ذ‬ Green izgzawn ‫ أزگساو‬tizgzawin ‫سگسَاو د‬ َ‫ر‬ Yellow iwraġn ‫أوراغ‬ tiwraġin ‫رَىراؼ ذ‬ Red izggaġn ‫ أزگّبغ‬tizggaġin ‫َسگّبؼ ذ‬ ‫ر‬ Blue izrqin ً‫أز رل‬ tizrqiyin ‫رَسرل ٍ ذ‬ Pink iwrdin ‫أوردي‬ tiwrdiyin ‫رَىرد ٌ ذ‬ ifanidin ‫أـ ٕذي‬ tifanidiyin ‫فَ ِٕذِ ٌ ذ‬ ‫َر‬ Brown iqhwin ‫ألهىي‬ tiqhwiyin ‫ر َمهى ٌ ذ‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com .

ْ ‫ضگّب‬ ‫ أ ٍُِ ٍ ً د أ‬،‫زگساو‬ ‫ إالّگٍص أ‬،ٖ‫ٌب‬ usggan.َ ‫ وَ ع ٍٍَىُ ُ اٌطَال‬:‫ِطعىد‬ Dan: is llant kra n tjlluba? ٍّ ‫ إش الّ ٴ ذ ورا ْرج‬:ْ ‫دا‬ ‫جب؟‬ Ms‫ع‬ud: yah llant.‫ أغى ٍذ‬،‫ أغى ٍذ‬:‫ِطعىد‬ Dan: radak fkġ 3500 ryal.‫ثسّاؾ‬ ‫وهىرٕبلص ذ‬، ‫ أ‬:‫ِطعىد‬ 7000 ryal.‫ رٌبي‬6000 ً ٍّ ‫ ـى‬. .‫ رٌبي‬7000 Dan: uhu. ‫ الّ ٴ ذ‬،ٖ‫ ٌب‬:‫ِطعىد‬ arm xttad. tbark l-lah tuškad ‫ىغىبد د ٌذن‬ ‫جبرن اهلل ر‬ ‫ ر‬.‫ث الِخ‬.‫ رٌبي‬3000 ‫ رَد ان ـىػ‬. iġ ur trit ‫ إغ أُور‬. umlil d :‫ِطعىد‬ . Ms‫ع‬ud: uhu. ْ ‫ٍٔػب‬ Dan: is gis l-lun yadnin? ‫ إشگٍص ا ٌٍى ْ ٌ ع ٕ ٍ ٓ؟‬:ْ ‫دا‬ Ms‫ع‬ud: yah.‫رؽال ثسّاؾ‬ ryal.‫بي‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.‫أر َ خزّبد‬ didk nišan. awit s ‫ أو ٌ ذّ ش‬.‫هبن اض ٍذي‬،‫ وَخّب‬:‫ِطعىد‬ Dan: mnšk atga xttad? ‫ ِٕػه أر‬:ْ ‫دا‬ ‫گب خزّبد؟‬ Ms‫ع‬ud: xttad tga 8000 ryal. fkiyyi 6000 ryal. . .‫رأُورٕبلص ذ و اٌى‬،‫ أُ وهى‬:ْ ‫دا‬ Ms‫ع‬ud: aškid.‫عفبن‬ ‫رٍّ ذ‬ ‫ ر ٌػ اد أرِػ‬:ْ ‫دا‬ Ms‫ع‬ud: waxxa. illa gis azgzaw. . Dan: riġ ad armġ tumlilt ‫ع‬afak. bslama. .‫ رٌبي‬3500 ‫ أرا‬:‫ِطعىد‬ . . . ihnna l-нal. . hak a sidi.114  Peace Corps/Morocco Dialogue: Dan: s-salamu ‫ع‬alaykum.ً ‫ررذٌ صبـ‬ Ms‫ع‬ud: ara 3500 ryal. ‫ خزّبد‬:‫ِطعىد‬ .com .‫ رٌبي‬3500 ‫ رد ان ـىػ‬:ْ ‫دا‬ safi. rad ak fkġ 3000 :ْ ‫دا‬ . tnaqqst bzzaf. ‫ إ هّٕب اٌ ذ‬.‫ رٌبي‬8000 ‫رگب‬ Dan: tġla bzzaf. ur tnaqst walu.ُ ُ‫ اٌطال َُ عَ ٍَى‬:ْ ‫دا‬ Ms‫ع‬ud: wa ‫ع‬alaykum s-salam. aškid.

‫إـىٌى ً أگّى رْ اد‬ These clothes are wet. ADJECTIVES : In TashlHeet. ifulki aggurnad . rkant tfunasinad . They can come either before or after the noun they modify. TashlHeet  115 GRAMMATICAL POINTS 1. There are some examples: The city is big. tamdintad tmqqur .‫فىٴب ضٍٓ اد‬ ‫روب ٴ ذ ر‬ Adjectives Masculine singular Feminine singular Pretty iнla ‫دال‬ tнla ‫رذال‬ Bad/ugly ixšn ٓ ‫إخػ‬ txšn ٓ ‫رخػ‬ Happy ifrн ‫إـرح‬ tfrн ‫رفرح‬ Clean inqqi ً ّ‫إ ٴم‬ tnqqi ً ّ‫ر ٕم‬ Dirty irka ‫إروب‬ trka ‫رروب‬ Late imatl ً‫إَِؽ‬ tmatl ً ‫رَّؽ‬ Hard išqqa ‫إغمّب‬ tšqqa ‫رػمّب‬ Lazy irxa ‫إرخب‬ trxa ‫ررخب‬ Full i‫ع‬mmr ‫إ عّّر‬ t‫ع‬mmr ‫رعّّر‬ Empty ixwa ‫إخىا‬ txwa ‫رخىا‬ Tall iġzzif ‫إؼسّ ٌؿ‬ tġzzif ‫رؽسّ ٌؿ‬ Short igzzul ‫إگسّوي‬ tgzzul ‫گسّوي‬ ‫ر‬ Spicy iнrra ‫إدرّا‬ tнrra ‫رذرّا‬ Crasy inufl ً ‫إ ٴىـ‬ tnufl ً‫ر ٕى ـ‬ A lot/much iggut ‫إگّى د‬ tggut ‫رگّى د‬ Rare idrus ‫إدروش‬ tdrus ‫رذروش‬ Small/young imzziy ‫إِسِي‬ tmzziy ‫رّسِي‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. adjectives are conjugated the same way as verbs.com .ْ ‫إهذو ِ ٓ اد أ ُظر‬ These cows are ditry. ihdumnad bdign .‫رّذ ٌ ٕ ذ اد ر ّمّىر‬ This flour is good. They take the regular past tense pattern.

116  Peace Corps/Morocco Big/old imqqur ‫إِمّىر‬ tmqqur ‫رّمّىر‬ Soft ilggaġ ‫إٌگّبغ‬ tlggaġ ‫رٍگّبغ‬ Harsh iqqur ‫إلّىر‬ tqqur ‫رمّىر‬ Dry izwa ‫إزوا‬ tzwa ‫رسوا‬ Wet yudr ‫إثذ‬ tudr ‫رجذ‬ Delicious immim ُ ٍ ِّ‫إ‬ tmmim ُ ٍ ّ‫ر‬ Good ifulki ً‫إـىٌى‬ tfulki ً ‫فىٌى‬ ‫ر‬ Wide yus‫ع‬a ‫ٌىضعب‬ tus‫ع‬a ‫رىضعب‬ Narrow/tight idiyq ‫إظ ٍّك‬ tdiyq ‫رع ٍّك‬ Expensive iġla ‫إؼال‬ tġla ‫ر ال‬ Heavy izzay ‫إزّاي‬ tzzay ‫رسّاي‬ Light ifssus ‫إـطّىش‬ tfssus ‫رفطّىش‬ Old iqdm َ ‫إلذ‬ tqdm َ ‫رمذ‬ Strong isнa ‫إصذب‬ tsнa ‫رصذب‬ Weak id‫ع‬f ‫إظعؿ‬ td‫ع‬f ‫رععؿ‬ Clear isfa ‫إصفب‬ tsfa ‫رصفب‬ ibayn ٓ ٌ ‫ثب‬ ‫إ‬ tbayn ٓ ٌ ‫رجب‬ Hot irġa ‫إرؼب‬ trġa ‫ررؼب‬ Cold ikrm َ ‫إور‬ tkrm َ ‫رىر‬ Adjectives Masculine plural Feminine plural Pretty Нlan ْ ‫ال‬ нlant ‫دال ٴ ذ‬ Bad/ugly xšnn ّٓ ‫خػ‬ xšnnt ‫خػ ٕ ذ‬ Happy frнn ٓ ‫ـرد‬ frнnt ‫ـرد ٕ ذ‬ Clean nqqin ٓ ٍ ّ‫ٴم‬ nqqint ‫ٴمّ ٍ ٕ ذ‬ Dirty rkan ْ ‫روب‬ rkant ‫روب د‬ Late matln ٓ ٍ‫ِبؼ‬ matlnt ‫ِبؼٍ ٕ ذ‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com .

TashlHeet  117 Hard šqqan ْ ‫غمّب‬ šqqant ‫غمّب ٴ ذ‬ Lazy rxan ْ ‫رخب‬ rxant ‫رخب ٴ ذ‬ Full ‫ع‬mmrn ْ ‫عّّر‬ ‫ع‬mmrnt ‫عّّر ٴ ذ‬ Empty xwan ْ ‫خىا‬ xwant ‫خىا ٴ ذ‬ Tall ġzzifn ٓ ‫ف‬ ٌ ّ‫ؼس‬ ġzzifnt ‫فٕ ذ‬ ٌ ّ‫ؼس‬ Short gzzuln ٓ ٌ‫گس ّو‬ gzzulnt ‫گس ّوٌ ٕ ذ‬ Spicy нrran ْ ‫درّا‬ нrrant ‫درّا ٴ ذ‬ Crasy nufln ٓ ٍ‫ٴى ـ‬ nuflnt ‫ٴى ـٍ ٕ ذ‬ A lot/much ggutn ٓ ‫گّىر‬ ggutnt ‫گّىر ٕ ذ‬ Rare drusn ٓ ‫دروض‬ drusnt ‫دروض ٕ ذ‬ Small/young mzziyn ٓ ٌ ِ‫ِس‬ mzziynt ‫ِسِ ٌ ٕ ذ‬ Big/old mqqurn ْ ‫ِمّىر‬ mqqurnt ‫ِمّىر ٴ ذ‬ Soft lggaġn ٓ ‫ٌگّبؼ‬ lggaġnt ‫ٌگّبؼ ٕ ذ‬ Harsh qqurn ْ ‫لّىر‬ qqurnt ‫لّىر ٴ ذ‬ Dry zwan ْ ‫زوا‬ zwant ‫زوا ٴ ذ‬ Wet bdign ْ ‫ثذ‬ bdignt ‫ٴذ‬ ‫ثذ‬ Delicious mmimn ٓ ٍّ ِّ mmimnt ‫ِّ ٍّ ٕ ذ‬ Good fulkin ٓ ٍ ‫ـىٌى‬ fulkint ‫ـىٌى ٍ ٕ ذ‬ Wide us‫ع‬an ْ ‫وضعب‬ ‫أ‬ us‫ع‬ant ‫وضعب ٴ ذ‬ ‫أ‬ Narrow/tight diyqn ٓ ‫ظ ٍّم‬ diyqnt ‫ظ ٍّم ٕ ذ‬ Expensive ġlan ْ ‫ؼال‬ ġlant ‫ؼال ٴ ذ‬ Heavy zzayn ٓ ٌ ‫زّا‬ zzaynt ‫زّا ٌ ٕ ذ‬ Light fssusn ٓ ‫ّىض‬ ‫ـط‬ fssusnt ‫ّىض ٕ ذ‬ ‫ـط‬ Old qdmn ٓ ِ‫ل ذ‬ qdmnt ‫ل ذِ ٕ ذ‬ Strong sнan ْ ‫صذب‬ sнant ‫صذب ٴ ذ‬ Weak d‫ع‬fn ٓ ‫ظعف‬ d‫ع‬fnt ‫ظعف ٕ ذ‬ Clear sfan ْ ‫فب‬ ‫ص‬ sfant ‫فب ٴ ذ‬ ‫ص‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com .

Examples: It is important. Adjectives borrowed from Arabic. “Mark ifrH”. .‫ر َ َّسِرر ٍ ٕى‬ Are there a lot of is ggutn l-mtatawwi‫ع‬in ġ ‫إشگّىر ٓ اٌّ َزؽَىِع ٍ ٓ غ‬ volunteers in Morocco? l-mġrib? ‫اٌّؽر ِة؟‬ Exceptions: Normal TashlHeet adjectives can be conjugated in a way thet the verb “to be” is implied. iga daruri It is dangerous. Mark is happy).e. (i.118  Peace Corps/Morocco baynn ّٓ ٌ ‫ثب‬ baynt ‫ثب ٌ ٕ ذ‬ Hot rġan ْ ‫رؼب‬ rġant ‫رؼب ٴ ذ‬ Cold krmn ٓ ِ‫ور‬ krmnt ‫ورِ ٕ ذ‬ To negate an adjective. must have the “to be” verb „g‟ specifically added. the river in my asggas ad assif ur izwi ġ ‫ضٍّؿ أُور إزوي غ‬ ‫ أ‬،‫ضگّبش اد‬ ‫ا‬ village did not dry. tmazirtinu. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. iga xatar He is optimistic. it chages sometimes to “i” ( ). iga mutafa‟il He is pessimistic. iga muhim It is obligatory. For example: affirmative negative iHla ur iHli Examples: This year.com . „g‟ must agree with the subject. iga mutaša‟im Note: the verb “to be”. If the adjective normally ends with “a” ( ). on the other hand. we use “ur”(‫)أور‬.

“agr” (‫)أ ر‬: more than (size. 2. this one. Ifrane is colder than ifran ikrm f warzazat. For example. c. They are conjugated in the past tense just as pattern 1 verbs (see page 70). n l-ġbra. *Not to be confused with the verb “af” ( ) (to find). the comparative form is derived by adding “f” (‫ )ف‬to the adjective. there are ġ jam‫ ع‬l-fna ibrranin utin More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. “ati” (‫)أتي‬: more than (quantity). than couscous. Examples: Tajine is more delicious t-tajin immim f sksu. Besides “f” (‫)ؾ‬. dimension and age). For example. bread. there are three other comparison words that are used depending on the comparison type. than yours. 1. in English we can say: I am taller than John.com . My goats are better tiġatininu ufnt tink. a. af* (quality) ‫أف‬ Cow milk is better than l-нlib n tfunast yuf l-нlib powdered milk. Ouarzazate. than mine. Meat is better than tifiyyi tuf aġrum. This house is older than tigmmiyad tqdm f xttad. “af” * (‫)أف‬: to be better than (quality). “I am taller than John” translates to “ġzzifġ f John”. Your horse is better ayyisnk yuf winu. “taller than” is the comparative form for the adjective “tall”. ati (quantity) In Jam‫ ع‬l-fna. b. We use comparative adjectiveswhen we are comparing two objects based upon some quality or characteristic. In TashlHeet. TashlHeet  119 2-COMPARATIVES AND SUPARLATIVE ADJECTIVES.

The superlative adjective in TashlHeet can be formed by conjugating the adjective in the third person masculine singular (past tense) and adding “n” () to the and of the adjective (see participle “n” () page xxx) and inserting “a(d)” before the adjective. This frying pan is bigger l-mqlayad tugr xttad.120  Peace Corps/Morocco more foreigners than imrrakšin. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. age) I am older than my nkki ugrġ ultma. dimension and/or age. He has more sheep than wullins utin winu. Which is better: a blue Ma yufn: l-qamija tazrqit or a green shirt? nġd txdrit? They are the same.com . ntta inqqi He is the cleanest. This swimming pool is the lappisin ad anšk n ġwan. The same / alike is “zund zund” ( ) or “kif kif” ( ) or “bHal bHal” ( ). He is clean. We have more horses isanġ utin wins. l. than this one. I do. sister. we use “anšk n” ( ). zund zund / kif kif. agr (size. dimension. Examples : My brother is the same gma anšk n ufruxad ġ age as this boy. same size as that one.mr. 3. than he does. These roads are larger iġarasnad ugrn ġwid.  Comparing Like Objcts : In order to express that two things/people/etc.  Superlative adjectives. than these ones. people from Marrakech. are the same size. ntta a ynqqin She is the most nttat a yHlan beautiful.

TashlHeet  121 PRACTICE Exercise 1: write a dialogue for the following pictures. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com .

djin d djakita n iwis. saïda dars t-tsbin iggutn: l-qmija tumlilt n urgazns. l-kmm ad imzziy 2. l-kmm ad _______ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. l-ppijama tazrqit d z-zif armadi ns. ġssad. tin mit tga djakita n djin? 2 3. l-kswa tazggaġt d l-liba tawraġt n illis. 1. Questions: 1. tin mit tga l-qamija tumlilt? 1 2. man l-lun tga l-ppijama d z-zif n 4 saïda? Exercise 3: describe the following pictures using adjectives.122  Peace Corps/Morocco Exercise 2: read the text and answer the questions.com . man l-lun tga l-kswan n illis n 3 saïda? 4.

com . TashlHeet  123 Exercise 4: compare each pair using comparative adjectives. Driss Hassan t-tumubil n Mary t-tumubil n Mike tigmmi n Mohamed tigmmi n Judy š-šklat aġrum More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

tmgrt. 1-ma yġlan: adil nġd l-banan? 1 2-ma yrxsn: d-dllaH nġd adil? 2 3-ma yufn: d-dllaH nġd l-banan? 3 4-ma ymmimn: d-dllaH nġd adil? 4 5-izd adil ayġlan f l-banab? 5 6-ma yrxsn ġ l-fakitad? 6 BERBER WISDOM aynna tkrzt. will you reap. English equivalent: As you sow.com . More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.124  Peace Corps/Morocco Exercise 5: answer the following questions besed upon the drawing.

š-šiflur 12. batata 14. azalim 6. d-dnjal 16. TashlHeet  125 SHOPPING FOR FOOD Objective: by the end of this chapter. lxyar 17. lquq 13. ififl 15. tiskrt 5. meats. l-barba 7. l-lubya More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. and spices. you will be able to:  Shop for produce. l-mkuwr 9. l-fjl 3. Vocabulary: Fruits and Vegetables At the green grocer„s dar uxddar ‫دار أ ُخعّبر‬ Vegetables l-xdrt ‫الخضرت‬ 1. ibawn 2. j-jlbana 19. tirkmin 8. xizu 11. matiša 18.com . txsayt 4.

taxsayt Quince s-sfrjl Parsley l-m‫ع‬dnus Gourd aslawi Mint n-n‫ع‬na‫ع‬ Okra l-mluxiya Absinth š-šiba Coriander l-qsbur Verbena l-lwiza dar bu l-fakit fruits l-fakit 1. нblmluk 7. l-friz 12. adil 9. lavoka 4. l-banan 14. lananas 5.com . d-dllaн 6. l-limun 10. l-krafs 20.126  Peace Corps/Morocco 10. l-brquq 13. l-xux 15. t-tfaн 11. š-šhdiya More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. bu‫ع‬wid 2. t-tut 3.

... Give me some .? mnšk a yskar kilu n. baraka.. Scale l-mizan Gram gram Kilogram kilu ¼ kilogram rab a ½ kilogram ns kilu ¾ kilogram kilu lla rob 2 kilograms juj kilu expressions: Give me a kilo of . that‟s all! safi! More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.... Only uhu. l-нamd Japanese Pomegranate r-rmman l-mzaн plums Apricots l-mšmaš Kiwi l-kiwi Units of measurement....? What do you need? mak / makm ixssan? What else? dmit sul / dmit yadni? I need . How much is a kilo of .. please zaydiyyi imik n.... ‫ع‬afak. ‫ع‬briyyi... Weigh me .. fkiyyi kilu n. TashlHeet  127 8. No... More ... ixssayyi... fkiyyi kra n. ġir kilu 1 kilo.com . that‟s enough.

d kilu n matiša. fkiyyi kra l-qzbur d l-m‫ع‬dnus. bu l-xdrt: safi a lalla? Susan: mnšk ayga t-tffaн? bu l-xdrt: xmsttaš n drhm.. bu l-xdrt: ts‫ع‬miyya u sttin ryal a lalla. ‫ع‬briyi kilu uns. Susan: mnšk a yga l-xirad. bu l-xdrt: hak a lalla. . Susan: hak a sidi. Susan: waxxa. Susan: mnšk n d-drahm? bu l-xdrt: tmnya u rb‫ع‬in drhm. briyyi kilu u rb n uzalim...com . ak i‫ع‬awn rbbi.ttuġ.128  Peace Corps/Morocco Dialogue: Shopping l-mqdit Susan: s-salamu alaykum. xtariyyi kra yнlan afak.ًّ ‫ أنإعب وْ رث‬،‫هبن ض ٍذي‬ ‫أ‬ bu l-xdrt: llay xlf a lalla. . d ns kilu n l-barba.. bu l-xdrt: ma yra l-xatr a lalla? Susan: riġ juj kilu n btata. wa alikum s-salam.ّ‫اهلل ٌخٍؿ أ ٌال‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

TashlHeet  129 Spices and Meat Dar u ttar ‫دار أُعؽّبر‬ Spices l.com .triya Salt tisnt turmeric l-xrqum Black tififlt l-bzar hot pepper pepper iнrran red hot Ginger skinjbir tassudanit pepper Cumin l-kammun cloves l-qrunfl Cinnamon l-qrfa ‫اٌمرـخ‬ basil l-нbaq Oregano azuknni ً ّٕ ‫أزُو‬ paprika t-tнmira Nutmeg l-guza ‫ اٌگىزح‬saffron z-z fran At the butcher‟s Dar ugzzar ‫دار أُو زّار‬ Butcher agzzar Meat tifiyyi Lamb l-ġnmi Beef l-bgri Goat meat l-m‫ع‬zi Liver tasa Ground meat l-kfta Meat w/o l-hbra bones Chicken afullus More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com . List the items you need for preparing tea/cakes and a tajine and write your shopping list. Then write a shopping list for an American dish.130  Peace Corps/Morocco PRACTICE Exercise: you have guests for dinner and you want to serve them tea with cakes. then a tajine.

you will be able to:  Use the correct words and expressions concerning food and drink.  Express necessity or obligation with (xssa) (to need/to have to). Vocabulary: FOOD AND DRINK l-makla / Food Fish islman tirmt Breakfast l-fdur Beans l-lubya Lunch imkli Lentils l-‫ع‬ds l-нmms / Dinner imnsi Chick peas l-нimz Steamed pasta with Tajine t-tajin s-sffa cinnamon and sugar Salad šlada Vermicelli š-š‫ع‬riya French l-frit / Moroccan taнrirt fries batata iqlin soup Olives z-zitun Soup askkif Vegetable Pastilla l-bstila s-subba soup tifiyya / Meat Rice r-ruz tifiyyi afullus / Chicken Couscous sksu ašišaw Pizza l-ppitza More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.  Express likes and dislikes using ( jb/i zza) (to please).com . TashlHeet  131 FOOD AND DRINK Objective: by the end of this chapter.

‫ع‬afak.. s n-n‫ع‬na‫ع‬ Not very sweet. with mint . please... afak awiyyid. Some sugar.... -aggis ur yili s-skkar bzzaf...? What do you have? mad darun. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua..132  Peace Corps/Morocco AT THE CAFE The waiter l-garsun Black coffee l-qhwa tasggant Half coffee. -adur izid bzzaf. half milk qhwa ns ns Hot milk l-нlib irġan Weak coffee l-qhwa ixfifn Strong coffee l-qhwa iqsнn Coffee with a little milk qhwa mhrsa Orange juice l-‫ع‬asir n l-limun Apple & milk shake l-‫ع‬asir n t-tfaн Banana & milk shake l-‫ع‬asir n l-banan Almond & milk shake l-‫ع‬asir n l-luz Pot of tea l-brrad n watay Glass of tea l-kas n watay . imik n s-skkar. ? is darun...? Is there any food is tlla kra n l-makla bla without meat? tifiyya? I want a tajine without riġ yan t-tajin bla tifiyya. A glass of cold water yan l-kas n waman brdnin AT THE RESTAURANT The menu l-minu Please bring me ..com . Do you have ...

(response). l-garsun: waxxa a lalla. Amy: nkki riġ š-šlada d sksu s l-ġnmi. Chris: šukran. The food is delicious. please. mani ġ tram a tggawrm? Chris: nra yat t-tbla tama n š-šrjm. TashlHeet  133 meat. ur dari mad nniġ. Dialogue: Chris d Amy ġ r-ristura l-garsun: mrнba bikum. is tlla kra n t-tbla n sin middn? l-garsun: tlla. To your health l-lay tik s-sннa. ima kyyi a sidi? Chris: nkki ar šttaġ ġir l-xdrt. bsннa. l-нsab afak. Outside brra Inside agns The bill. l-garsun: ma tram a tššm? Amy: ma ddarun? l-garsun: ha l-minu.com . How do you like the is tнla l-makla? food? I have no complaints. middn). is tlla kra n l-makla bla tifiyya? More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. tirmt tmmim / tatfut. What do you have for mad darun ġ d-disir? dessert? We want a table for nra yat t-tbla n (rb a n (four people). To your health.

t‫ع‬jbaġ bzzaf. l-garsun: 70 drhm. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Chris: l-нsab ‫ع‬afak. is kn t‫ع‬jb l-makla? Amy & tmmim. Chris: waxxa. Chris: nkki riġ ġir aman ‫ع‬afak. tlla l-lubya. l-garsun: lla yxlf. 70 Chris: hak a sidi.com . Amy & lla y‫ع‬tik s-sннa. Chris: More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. l-garsun: is tram a tsum kra? Amy: nkki riġ yat kuka ibrrdn. Chris: l-garsun: bsннa u r-raнa.134  Peace Corps/Morocco l-garsun: yah. awiyyid š-šlada d yan t-tbsil n l-lubya.

THE REFLEXIVE VERB “TO PLEASE/TO LIKE“ In TashlHeet. the verb must always agree in gender and number with the subject. p) ‫ع‬jbnt (f. and the “thing liked“ is the subject. s) tt ‫ع‬jbn (m.com .  How to conjugate “to please“. we use the construction: “something pleases me“. It can be tricky to conjugate because. as a result of this. but what is important is that you understand that the “person who likes“ is actually the object of the sentence. s) t t‫ع‬jb (f. i literally need to say “they please him“. p) aġ kn knt tn tnt More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.” The verb uses the past tense. Rather. as we said. that is the thing “liked. TashlHeet  135 GRAMMATICAL POINTS 1. In reality. this phrase would traslate into English “I like something“. In time you will use this construction naturally. Also. it is not common to say literally “I like something“. The verb “to please“ is ( jb). The conjugation of the verb can be outlined in the following manner:  Past Tense. if i want to say “he likes them“. it is (from an English speaker‟s perspective). but it may have a present meaning. the subject of the verb is actually the object that is “liked“. iit will seem backward. And the object is the person who “likes“. Object Subject Verb Pronouns iyyi k km i‫ع‬jb (m. At first. Thus. in fact.

uhu. ur iyyi i‫ع‬jb. i‫ع‬jbiyyi (i. k. km …) and placedbefore the verb. Do you like buttermilk? is k i‫ع‬jb uġu? No. p) please you. When jb is conjugated in the present tense. We like it. p) kn knt tn tnt More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.) You like these pictures.) We like this story t jbaġ l-qist ad. the object pronouns (iyyi. ‫ع‬jbntk (i. s) tt tt‫ﻉ‬jb (f. t‫ع‬jbaġ (i.e.e.) I like couscous i‫ع‬jbiyyi sksu It (f. I don‟t. it means that “something was/is always liked“ it can be conjugated in the following manner: Present Direct object Subject (the tense pronouns thing liked) & indicator the verb “t jab“ iyyi k km t it‫ﻉ‬jab (m. s) pleases me.136  Peace Corps/Morocco Examples: It (m.  Present tense. s) pleases us. ‫ع‬jbntk t-tsawr ad.com . Notice that in questions and negations. You like them (it plural). I like it.e. They (f. p) aġ t‫ﻉ‬jabnt (f. s) ar t‫ع‬jabn (m.

up early. ar t t jabn l-ktub. ar t it jab watay They like tajine. ar iyyi t jabnt tiġadin. ar iyyi t jab batata iqlin. ar aġ t jabn. Do you (p) like kids? is ar kn t jabn tarwa? Yes. ar iyyi it jab š-šklat. I like chocolate. Examples: I like to play soccer. yah. it is conjugated in the present tense and always takes the masculine singular form “it‫ﻉ‬jab”. we like them. jb with feminine singular subject. TashlHeet  137 Examples: jb with masculine singular subject. I like french fries. She doesn‟t like to wake ura tt it jab a tnkr zik.  jb followed by another verb. I like small goats. Do you (p) like the village is ar kn t jabnt women? timġarin n udwwar? We don‟t like them. What do you like to do on ma k it jab at tskrt ġ the weekend? l-wikand? More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. jb with feminine plural subject. ar tn it jab t-tajin. The second verb is in the infinitive but follows the general pattern of Pattern 1 verbs and is preceded by “ad” (‫( )اد‬see page 70). He likes books.com . ura tt t jab l-pitza. He likes tea. ar iyyi it jab ad l bġ takurt. Do you like soda? is ar k t jab l-munada? She doesn‟t like pizza. ura aġ t jabnt. When “ jb” is followed by another verb. jb with masculine plural subject.

s) dars t zza (f. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. but also to love something or somebody (not romantic love). Do you like popcorn? is darun zzant tirufin? They like chicken. p) darnġ zzant (f. t zza dari isabilla. Examples: s/he doesn‟t like butter ur dars i zzi aġu. They don‟t like karim. ur darsn i zzi karim. Subject verb Object pronoun dari dark darm i zza (m. The pronoun referring to the subject is prefixed to “i zza”. zzan darsn ifullusn. s) zzan (m.  i zza dar “i zza dar” does not only mean to like something. It is always conjugated in the past with present meaning. l-musiqa. we use “ur“ + “dar“ + “i zza“. p) darun darunt darsn darsnt Examples: I like Isabella. milk.com . and the final “a“ changes to “i“.138  Peace Corps/Morocco We like to listen to -ar aġ it jab a nsfld i music. To negate “i zza dar“.

TO HAVE TO. Like other reflexive verbs. it only means “to need”. You should be on time. Examples: I have to learn tashlHeet ixssayyi ad t‫ع‬llmġ tašlнit well. p) aġ kn knt tn tnt When “xssa” is followed by a noun. s) t txssa (f. txssayyi txmirt. “xssa” can be followed by another verb and it means “have to”. THE VERB “TO NEED. MUST. Examples: I need yeast.” It is conjugated by adding the object pronouns (see page 83) to the end of the verb. mzyan. You have to go. I need medicine. You shouldn‟t drive. ixssayyi d-dwa. p) xssant (f.com . More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. ixssak a tddut. It is conjugated in the past tense but has a present meaning: Subject verb Object pronoun iyyi k km ixssa (m. SHOULD” The verb xssa ( ) translates into all of the following in English: “to need” or “to have to” or “must” or “should. TashlHeet  139 2. “must” or “should”. xssantiyyi tiglay. ixssakm a taškt ġ l-uqt. T need eggs. ur k ixssa a tsugt. s) tt xssan (m.

the verb expresses “to like. I love her/I like her. the verb expresses “to want. Examples : You shouldn‟t smoke .” but with a present tense meaning (see page 93).” When conjugated in the past tense. ur k ixssa a tkmit You shouldn‟t eat in the ur k ixssa a tššt ġ uzniq ġ street in Ramadan. Examples: I like to drink coffee in ar ttiriġ ad suġ l-qhwa ġ the morning. Examples: I like mint tea. When this verb is followed by another verb. we use “ur” + object pronoun + subject verb. rmdan 3. ar tt ttiriġ. I love him/I like him. Examples: I love you/I like you. ar k ttiriġ. The verb iri translates into the English “to want” and “to like.com . going to bed. THE VERB “TO WANT.140  Peace Corps/Morocco To negate “ixssa”. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. He likes to read before ar ittiri a yġr qbl a ygn. When the verb is used with object pronouns (see page 83) in the present tense. ar t ttiriġ. s-sbaн. When conjugated in the present tense. ar ttiriġ atay s n-n na . TO LIKE”. it means “to love” or “to like” someone.” also with a present tense meaning. the second verb is always in the infinitive form with the prefixes of Pattern 1 verbs.

TashlHeet  141 PRACTICE Exercise 1: make correct sentenses using “ jb“.com . km t jb l-ktub nk is t i jb l-xdmt n ? tt jbn adwwar nun ٓ ‫عجج‬ ‫ت‬ ّ t jb a yah i jb tn ٓ ‫ر‬ ‫إعجت‬ jbn t ‫د‬ Exercise 2: make as many sentenses (affirmative and negative) as you can with “ jb“ or “i zza dar“ using these pictures. Suzy Ahmed Ronny & Nancy Aicha More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

142  Peace Corps/Morocco
Exercise 3: write the expressions that go along with these signs using the verb
xssa.

Exercise 4: for each meal, write at least three sentenses in which you express
Moroccan food you like or dislike for breakfast, lunch and dinner.

l-fdur imkli imnsi

1. ar ttiriġ tiglay ġ 1. 1.
l-fdur.
2. 2. 2.
3. 3. 3.

Exercise 5: answer the following questions in TashlHeet.

- ma k ixssan a tskrt baš a tgt
mutatawwi / mutatawwi a injнn?

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TashlHeet  143

MEDICAL AND BODY
Objective: by the end of this chapter, you will be able to:

 Describe in TashlHeet body parts and common illnesses.

Vocabulary: BODY PARTS

1. udm 15. awrz
2. imi 16. adar

3.taqsmart 17. tifdnt
4. amggrd 18. azzar
5. taġrut 19. ignzi

6. idmarn 20. amzzuġ
7. afus 21. l-Hnk

8.tiġmrt 22. tinxar

9. afus 23. titt
10. adad 24. timiwt

11. iskr 25. uxsan

12. aнlig 26. ils

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144  Peace Corps/Morocco
13. amssad 27.axmum
14. afud 28. l-mustaš

29.tamart

 HEALTH PROBLEMS.

What‟s wrong with you
mak yaġn?
(m, s)?
What‟s wrong with you
makm yaġn?
(f, s)?

What ails you? mani tudnt?

illa gi zkum
I have a cold.
gigi r-rwaH.

I‟m allergic to... tlla gi l-нasasiya.

I have a headache. udnġ agayunu.

My ear aches. udnġ imzganinu.

I feel dizzy. llant gi timlillay.

I‟m injured. briġ

I‟m burnt. jdrġ

udnġ yan uzrg.
I have a toothache.
udnġ ya waxs.

My ... hurts. udnġ... / inġayyi...

I‟m vomiting / throwing
ar traraġ.
up.

I need to see a doctor. riġ ad zrġ adbib.

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TashlHeet  145
PRACTICE

Exercice 1: read the text and answer the questions.

Dialogue:

Latifa: makm yaġn, yam labas?

Amy: udnġ aнliginu.

Latifa: is gim azbbar bzzaf?
Amy: yah, bzzaf!

Latifa: sbr šwiya, rad am snuġ yan
l-kas n izri. dġya tjjit.

Amy: uhu, uhu, akm isrbн rbbi. ur
iyyi ixssa ad suġ l-‫ع‬šub.

Latifa: waxxa, mamnk as ra km
‫ع‬awnġ?
Amy: ut n-nmra yad n hay'at
s-salam baš ad iyyi ġrin.

Latifa: nttat ayzwarn. ay fu rbbi.

Amy: amin.
adam ur iml rbbi l-bas.

Questions:
1. ma tudn Amy? 1
2. is as tfka Latifa kra n d-dwa? 2
3. max lliġ ur tri Amy a tsu l-‫ع‬šub? 3
4. is tdda Amy dar udbib? 4

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146  Peace Corps/Morocco

Exercice 2: what might you say if you were the person ineach picture.

More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com

I‟m going to spend two rad didun gawrġ sin days with you (to host ussan.com . I will be working here rad xdmġ ġġid sin for two years at . I want to open a riġ ad rzmġ yat l-bwat post box. isggasn. What do I have to do? mad iyyi ixssan? How much do I have to mnšk a iyyi xssan ad pay? xlsġ? Where is the bank.. Where is the youth maniġ tlla dar š-šabab? center? Where is the hospital / maniġ illa s-sbitar? delegation? Where is the health maniġ tlla l-mndubiya n delegation? s-saHt? What is the name of the mad ism i udbib mqqurn? chief doctor? Where is the agriculture maniġ illa l-mrkz n office? l-filaнa? Where is the water and maniġ illa l-mktb n forest office? l-miyah d l-ġabat? Where is the “handicraft maniġ illa l-mujmma‫ ع‬n center”? s-sina‫ع‬a t-tqlidiya Where is the post maniġ tlla l-busta? office? Please.. ppustal.. I am a isminu . My name is .. family).. Corps. giġ mutatawwi‫ع‬ volunteer with Peace ġ hay'at s-salam. maniġ tlla l-banka? please? More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.. TashlHeet  147 SITE VISIT EXPRESSIONS Here are some useful expressions you may need during your site visit.

l-banka.148  Peace Corps/Morocco I want to open a bank riġ ad rzmġ yan l-нsab ġ account. please? Give me your phone fkiyyi ‫ع‬afak n-nmra n number. I want to get a “cart de riġ lakart d sijur. please.” Is there a pharmacy is tlla l-frmasyan ġġid? here? Is there a teleboutique is tlla tilibutik ġġid? here? Do you sell cell phone is ar tzznzat lakart n cards? t-tilifun? Which service is is illa miditil nġd t-tisalat available here: Meditel l-mġrib? or Maroc Telecom? Is there cell phone is illa r-rizu? reception / coverage? Is there CTM (the bus is illa s-satyam? company)? What day/time is man ass ittili l-mrkub? transportation available? Is there a cyber café is illa kra n s-sibir ġġid? here? How far is it from here? mnšk as iba d f ġġid? Which day is the souk? man as illa s-suq? Is there any association is tlla kra n j-jam iya here? ġid? Ask your LCF for any other words or expressions you think you may need for site visit. (m/f) tilifunnk / tilifunnm. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com . sejour. Where is the Gendarme/ maniġ llan jandarm? police station.

More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. tašlнit mzyan. I will speak kra was rad swalġ tashlHeet well. I‟m not going to go. urad dduġ.  Identify means of transportation and use appropriate expressions for travel. uhu. Someday. I‟m going to sleep a rad gnġ imik. you will be able to:  Talk about future plans.com . TashlHeet  149 TRAVEL Objective: by the end of this chapter. Vocabulary: FUTURE TIME EXPRESSIONS Tomorrow askka Day after tomorrow naf askka Tomorrow morning askka sbaн Tomorrow askka (ġ) tadggat afternoon/evening Next Saturday l-нd ad yuškan Next week s-simana yad yuškan Next month ayyur ad yuškan Next year asggas ad yuškan Next summer s-sif ad yuškan One day / some day yan was / kra n was After lunch / dinner b‫ع‬d imkli / imnsi Examples: Will you go to work is ra tddut s l-xdmt tomorrow? askka? No. little bit.

com . d+i=y Example: To travel safr ‫ضافر‬ nkki rad nkni ra nsafr safrġ kyyi/ ra knni ra kmmi tsafrt tsafrm ntta ra ysafr knninti ra tsafrmt nttat ra tsafr ntni rad safrn ntnti rad safrnt More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.e. i. the “i”.150  Peace Corps/Morocco GRAMMATICAL POINTS  FUTURE TENSE. add the prefix “rad” and add the past tense ending of pattern 1verb: rad + imperative simple (infinitive) + past tense ending  Forming the future tense. take the imperative simple form. The only future tense pattern is as follows: nkki rad__ġ nkni *ra n__ kyyi/ *ra knni *ra kmmi t__t t__m ntta *ra y_ knninti *ra t_mt nttat *ra t_ ntni rad __n ntnti rad __nt * Remember that the “t” assimilate the “d” and the “n”. To form the future tense.: d+t=t. and in this case. d+n=n .

com . night. TashlHeet  151  Negation of the future tense. add “u” before the future indicator “rad”. uhu. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. We will not go to bed urta ran ngn. To form the negative of the future tense. yet. yet. I will not travel. She is not going to eat ura tšš islman. Are you going to the souq is trit s-suq ġassad? today? Where are you going? mani trit? I‟m going to the cinema riġ ad dduġ s s-sinima this afternoon. I will not get married urta ra tahlġ. tadggat ad. house. fish. I will never smoke. ursar kmiġ. To express “not yet” when speaking about the future. He will never enter my ursar ikšm s tgmminu. To express “will never. use urta ( ) with the future tense. but rather ursar ( ) and the past tense. Aren‟t you traveling yet? is urta ra tsafrt? Sometimes we use the verb to want “iri” ( ) with another verb or noun to express the future. urad safrġ. We will never travel at ursar nsafr diyid.” we do not use the future tense. Examples: Will you travel? is ra tsafrt? No.

such as “qamra” in Rabat. Sometimes the ticket is for a reserved seat. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. Sometimes there are additional places set-up in the aisle.com . Buses are the cheapest choice and can vary in terms of speed and comfort. Public transport in Morocco is both inexpensive and easy to use.  Souk Buses: in each large town there is a bus station. They carry 6 passengers and since the fare is per seat. Unaccompanied baggage can be sent via CTM. very comfortable. The price of any train car with air conditioning will be higher. although they can be crowded at certain times of year.152  Peace Corps/Morocco TRAVEL  GENERAL TRAVEL INFORMATION. It is advisable to carry smaller pieces of luggage you can store in the bus itself. Check to be sure that the time you wish to travel is still accurate. but no available printed timetables. Train tickets can be bought in advance. They may also stop in towns along the way looking for additional passengers. Between major cities. If you want to take the entire taxi for yourself. They may stop in the middle of nowhere. if you want you can pay for empty seats so that the taxi leaves earlier. ask for a taxi “korsa”. You have to bargain for the price you pay for your luggage if this gets stored on top of the bus. on schedule.  Train: there are two classes: first and second. Souk buses do not always leave or arrive on time. seats are reserved and can be purchased in advance in most places. other times it is for whatever seat is open when the bus goes through town. Sometimes there are schedule changes.  CTM: this is the national bus line. Ask the other passengers in the car what the regular should be. do not ask the driver first. A ticket does not necessarily mean there is a real seat either.  TRAVELING BETWEEN CITIES.  Grand Taxis: this is for travel between large towns and cities. Baggage does not cost extra in a taxi. trains are the quickest and most comfortable means of travel. The price depends upon the size of the piece. One can buy a ticket one day in advance and fares are set. and this is the only form of local transportation on which you can buy a round trip ticket.

If you are the second or thirdperson entering the taxi. ask the price for your trip. At night (usually by 8 p. There are also airport buses which connect the airport to Casablanca. he can pick up other passengers.m) until sunrise.  Airport Transportation: there are airport buses and trains which run from Rabat Ville to the Casablanca airport. TashlHeet  153  Pick-up Truck (kamio): in some areas where no public transportation is available. they also take passengers at a rate they determine themselves. but from Rabat/Sale airport. where larger transportation is available for fartherdistances. the chariots are used to get people to the weekly souk or to towns on the main road. ask that the meter be turned on.com . Since the taxi can carry 3 passengers. there are only taxis. If there is no meter. the fare is 50% more than the daytime fare.  Chariots: in very small villages. people use their personal trucks to carry supplies to their douars. ask the price before you begin.  Petis Taxis: every city has petit taxis which can carry up to three passengers. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. or if it does not work. if you are the only one getting in. The fare is calculated by meter.  TRAVEL WITHIN CITIES. When you get in the taxis.

ssxdm l-kuntur. awiyyi ‫ع‬afak s. address.com .154  Peace Corps/Morocco TRAVEL EXPRESSIONS.. Stop here. seats. (m) fifth. taksi mzzyn inside city) Large taxi (grand taxi. Taxi driver bu t-taksi Taxi driver š-šifur n t-taksi Baggage l-bagaj Trunk l-kufr / l-kuf City bus t-tubis City bus depot / stop l-maнtta n t-tubisat Where does bus #. rb a. kyyi wis xmsa. ‫ع‬afak.. iyyah... I want to go to this riġ ad dduġ s ladrisa yad. Small taxi (petit taxi. tlla.. Please wait a minute for qql sri yat dqiqa ‫ع‬afak. Taxi t-taksi mani ġ tlla l-maнta n Where is the taxi stand? t-taksiyat? Please take me to. How much. please. is tlla kra n l-blast s.. there is. kmmi tis xmsa.. please? mnška dari? Turn on the meter. taksi mqqurn b/w cities) Is there a seat to .? Yes. please. bdd ġid ‫ع‬afak... mani ġ itbddad t-tubis More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. How many seats are mnšk n l-blays dark? reserved so far? Four and you are the rb a. me. (f) I want to pay for 2 riġ ad xlsġ snat l-blays..

? When does the bus leave managu itffaġ l-kar s...... riġ yat tawriqt s...com ..? Which bus do I need to man t-tubis rad amzġ iġ take if I want to go to .tnit iyyit..... ġid? is ar izray t-tubis Does this bus go by ..? man l-kar itddun s.. ? When does the bus man l-uqt ilkm l-kar s.? Can you stop here? is imkn a tbddt ġid? Last stop / terminus t-tirminus Driver š-šifur Ticket taker r-rusuvur Bus (between cities) l-kar Bus station l-maнtta n l-kiran Which bus is going to....? riġ ad dduġ s..? How much is the ticket mnšk tawriqt s. ? taman. Driver š-šifur Driver‟s assistant l-grisun How long will you stop mnšk n l-uqt ra tbddt here? ġġid? Is this seat empty? is txwa l-blast ad? More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.? arrive to .....? I want a ticket to .? is ar itbddad t-tubis Does bus #.... tamanu..... ? I want to keep my bag riġ ad flġ s-sakinu ġ with me... TashlHeet  155 stop? nmra.? to .... to ..? to . Tell me when we arrive iġ nlkm. stop here? nmra.

com . What will you be doing each day? At what time? Dialogue: Omar: managu ra tddut s l-fišta? Amy: as n l-tnin ġ s-sb a u ns. (fdr) (fġ). Moha: managu (wrri)? Chris: (ili) ġ tigmmi qbl tiwtši inšallah. Moha: managu (nkr)? Chris: (nkr) ġ 6:00.156  Peace Corps/Morocco PRACTICE Exercise 1: put the verbs in parentheses in the future tense. Moha: ma (skr) askka? Chris: (ddu) s yan uduwar taman wšsif. Omar: man l-uqt ra tmnaggart More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. Chris: ak i‫ع‬awn rbbi. Moha: ak i‫ع‬awn rbbi. Exercise 2: read the dialogue and write down Amy‟s plan for the week (write down the times using numbers. 6:00 Moha: ma (skr) ġin? Chris: (sawl) i middn f kra n limur n s-saнt. Then write your own schedule for the up coming week. not words).

. Amy: as n s-sbt ġ l-xmsa ql qsm. Omar: managu ra tl bt t-tinis? Amy: as n l-xmis ġ r-rb a llarub.com . Exercise 3: read the following dialogue and answer the questions below. Hind: mani ġ ra tgawrt ġ mrrakš? Dave: ġ lutil. ma ra tskrt ? Hind: ma ra tskrt s-simana yad yuškan? Dave: riġ ad safrġ s mrrakš.šra ql qsmayn. Hind: mamnk as ra tsafrt? Dave: t-tran nġd s-satyam (CTM). Omar: managu ra tzrt adbib. Omar: man l-uqt ra yfġ t-tran lliġ rat tsafrt? Amy: as n l-Hdd ġ l. TashlHeet  157 l-ustadnm? Amy: as n t-tlata ġ j-juj u ns. Hind: man l-uqt ra tfġt ġ r-rbat? Dave: rad fġ ġ t-tmnya u ns n s-sbaн. Hind: ma ra tskrt ġin? More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

.158  Peace Corps/Morocco Dave: riġ ad нuwwsġ: rad dduġ s jam l-fna d qsr l-bdi . mani ġ illa jam l-fna? 5 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com . ma ra yskr Dave? 1 2. is ra yddu s fas (Fes)? 2 3. Dave: amin. is ra ysafr ġ l-kar? 3 4. Hind: waxxa ak islkm rbbi la xir. Questions: 1.. mani ġ ra yggawr ġ mrrakš? 4 5.

 Use conditional sentences to express possible and impossible conditions. A room for one person (a yat l-bit singl. There is a reduction of 25% on the second day for Moroccans and foreign residents in Morocco.com . TashlHeet  159 AT THE HOTEL Objective: by the end of this chapter. HOTEL ACCOMODATION. single). Vocabulary and Expressions. but only in classified hotels. A room for two people. yat l-bit dubl Do you have a room is darun kra n l-bit? available? Is there a shower with is illa d-duš irġan? hot water? What‟s the price for the mnšk t-taman? room? Can I see the room? izd waxxa zriġ l-bit? Which floor? man litaj? More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. you will be able to:  Look for and use hotel accommodation. (to a taxi driver). The hotel lutil The reception desk larisipsyun Room l-bit Is there an inexpensive is illa kra n lutil irxsn hotel around here? ġġid? mani ġ illa kra n lutil Where is a clean hotel? inqin? Please take me to a hotel awiyyi s kra n lutil. afak. Hotels are classified into categories from 0 (non-classified) to 5-star hotels.

. snkriyyi ġ . More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua... please. afak.160  Peace Corps/Morocco Bed n-namusiya is ikšm l-fdur ġ l-нsab n Is breakfast included? l-bit? I‟ll stay for 2 nights. rad gawrġ snat l-lilat..com .. Wake me up at .

TYPE II CONDITIONAL: an impossible condition in the past present. sllm If you visit Marlene. ra tsalat zik. Examples: If the weather is nice iġ iнla l-нal askka. say fllas. 1. TashlHeet  161 GRAMMATICAL POINTS  THE CONDITIONAL. hi to her.” which implies that we did not work. work mzyan.” It introduces a possible condition only. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. rad as t nniġ. iġ tkkit dar Marlene. you‟ll ra tnjнt. The word mtadis* ( ) is used in the second type of conditional.com . 2.” This word introduces two different types of contrary-to-fact conditionals. TYPE I CONDITIONAL: a possible condition in the present/future. The first kind refers to past circumstances which did not occur. or sometimes the simple past plus the imperative. I‟ll go to the rad dduġ s laplaj. iġ tbdit zik. ‫ىَﭙالج‬ If I see him. If you start early. beach. It also is equivalent to the English “if. For example. to) him. I‟ll tell (it iġ t zriġ. iġ trit iqaridn. xdm If you want money. If you work hard. There are two basic types of conditional sentences in TashlHeet depending on whether the “IF clause” represents a possible condition or a contrary-to-fact/ impossible condition. For example. hard. iġ txdmt mzyan. succeed. tomorrow. This is used in the same context as English to express a future probable condition. The second refers to present but unreal circumstances. you‟ll finish early. This type of conditional sentence is composed of the simple past plus the future. The word “iġ” ( ) is equivalent to the English “if. “if we had worked.

Examples: If I had a map.. lost. mlad urd nttat. If it were not for her. If I had the money. ikun he would have drowned. nqqim bla imkli. iġrq. I‟d mra dari l-flus ikun ddiġ go with you didun..” which implies that I am not rich. ikun/ mladis. General context is the decisive factor in determining whether present or past contrary-to-fact conditions are referred to.. If he hadn‟t known the mtadis ur isn aġaras way.com . fkiġ ak tt. mladis ur gis lliġ. ikun/ mlad. mlad More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.162  Peace Corps/Morocco “if I were rich. he would have been ikun ijla. If it hadn‟t been for me. mlad we wouldn‟t have lunch. *Other words that introduce this type of conditional: mra. I would mtadis dari l-xrita ikun lend it to you.

Chad: mnšk i l-lila? bu lotil: 130 drhm. bu lotil: mrнba. Chad: hak a sidi. mnnaw n l-byut ad ran? 2 3.com . bu lotil: šukran. fkaġ l-bit. bu lotil: mrrat l-wraq ad. TashlHeet  163 PRACTICE Exercise 1: read the dialogue and answer the questions below. Christine bu lotil: wa alaykum s-salam. 130 Christine: is нman waman? bu lotil: yah a lalla. Dialogue: Chad d Christine ġ lutil Chad d: s-salamu alaykum. 160 160 ġ litaj amzwaru. Christine: waxxa. ha tasarut n l-bit. Chad: nra tin yat n-namusya. mani s idda Chad d christine? 1 2. agis yili l-нmmam. Questions: 1. tlla tin yat n-namusya mqqurn. Chad: is tlla kra n l-bit? bu lotil: yah. tlla tin snat n-namusyat. mnšk a yga t-taman n l-bit? 3 4. is irxs lutil ad? 4 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

iġ tššit. 3. (lkm) ġ l-uqt.com . 4 5.164  Peace Corps/Morocco 5. 5 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. 1 2. 4. iġ tddit s l-busta. iġ ({kmmi} qllb) s fatima. 3. awiyyid sin 2 tnabr. 1 2. iġ ({kyyi} zr) aнmd (ini) as 2 ad iyyi iskr t-tilifun. (ddu). iġ trit l-нlib. 4. aškid zik. iġ safrġ. iġ ikmml l-xdmt ġ l-uqt. 1. iġ ({ntni} sn) aġaras. ssird ifassnnk s-sabun. rad as 3 nfk iqaridn. ma tn ixssan a t skrn baš ad 5 gawrn ġ lutil? Exercise 2: put the verbs in parentheses in the correct form. 1. (af) ġ 3 l-mktaba. 4 Exercise 3: substitute “iġ” with “mtadis/mlad/mra/mladis” and make the necessary changes. iġ ({ntta} azzl). rad gawrġ ġ lutil.

TashlHeet  165 AT THE POST OFFICE Objective: by the end of this chapter. Vocabulary: Post office l-bosta Address ladrisa kart Envelope jjwa Post card ppostal Money Letter tabrat l-manda order Stamp tanbr Package kulya Stamps tnabr Normal adi Registered tabrat Express ikspres letter rikomandi Postman l-faktur Customs d-diwana bwat Post box Tape s-skotš ppostal Box (for a takartunt Glue lsaqa package) l-kartuna More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com . Be sure to leave the package open because an official is required to see the contents before it is sealed. GENERAL INFORMATIONS Stamps are available at tobacco stores in addition to the post office. you are required to fill out a customs declaration form. When sending packages out of the country. you will be able to:  Buy stamps and send letters and parcels. It is best to mail your letters at the mail slot outside the post office since pick-ups can be infrequent at other mail boxes.

50 22. l-muwddaf: waxxa a sidi.166  Peace Corps/Morocco Verbs: To send ssifd / azn To close / qqn seal To paste lssq To receive amz To fill in (a mmr form) Dialogue: ġ l-busta Judy: riġ sin t-tnabr. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. dark 250 250 drhm. l-muwddaf: mani s ra taznt tibratin ad? Judy: riġ ad aznġ yat rikumandi s mirikan d yat ‫ع‬adi ġir ġid ġ l-mġrib. Paul d Judy: šukran. bslama. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ l-muwddaf: is ra tt taznt adi nġd ikspris? Paul: ġir adi afak. Paul: hak a sidi. Paul : nkki riġ ad aznġ yat l-kulya s mirikan.com . darm 22. ‫ع‬afak. l-muwddaf: mliyyi ma gis.50 drhm. l-muwddaf: mmr l-mtbu ad. afak. l-muwddaf: waxxa a lalla. afak. l-muwddaf: ay awn rbbi.

at different times in TashlHeet we will use different prepositions for what would be the same preposition in English.  She spoke on the rights of homeless people. Second. The preposition d ( ) always translates into the English “with”. we will look at two aspects of prepositions: 1. But with continued use and exposure. With these challenges. prepositions sometimes chage in meaning depending upon the verb they are used with.(on means “on top of”).com . s) didk With you (f. the prepositions don‟t always correspond directly to English prepositions. In this section. To add the pronoun endings: With d With me didi With you (m. wink. This is true in English. The following prepositions. Thus. and 2. winu. winm …etc). First.too. change slightly when pronoun endings are added: With d On / About f In ġ To s 1.which verbs use certain prepositions. (on means “on the subject of”). it may take a while for you to be a master of TashlHeet prepositions. Some prepositions you have already learned (such as win) simply add the normal pronoun endings (ex. just as greetings are now natural for you. The preposition “d‟.how to connect prepositions with pronoun endings. TashlHeet  167 GRAMMATICAL POINTS USING PREPOSITIONS WITH PRONOUN ENDINGS AND VERBS Learning how to use prepositions correctly can sometimes be tricky. s) didm More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.  I put the book on the table. however. they will become natural for you.

p) ddun With you (f. I accompanied Fatima munġ d fatima d нlima s and Halima to the l-нmmam. I accompanied (with) munġ didsnt s l-нmmam.com . “to”. “at”. mnaggarġ dids. l-busta I met with her. including: “on”. “about”. On (and others) f On me flli More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. 2. The preposition “f” is used with many verbs and expressions. hammam. The preposition “f”. p) didunt With them (m) didsn With them (f) didsnt Some verbs that go with this preposition: Laugh with tssa (d) Meet with mnaggar (d) Play with Argue with l b (d) mmaġ (d) Fight with Accompany Shake mun (d) sllm (d) with hands with Stay with gawr (d) Travel with safr (d) Examples: I met (with) Rkiya in the mnaggarġ d rqiya ġ post office. them to the hammam. ur didsn sawlġ. Do you want to stay with is trit ad didnġ tgawrt us for a while? imik? I didn‟t talk with them. and as a result it translates into many English prepositions.168  Peace Corps/Morocco With him/her dids With us didn With you (m. and others.

I crossed it out. p) fllaun On you (f. number. p) fllasnt Some verbs that go with this preposition: Divide among bdu f Put on srs f Talk about sawl f Pour on ffi Lie about skdub f Cross out ut f Defend daf f Agree on ttafq f Examples: I put a cup on the table. s) gim In him / her gis More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. utġ fllas. In English. 3. p) fllawnt On them (m. I put a cup on it. s) fllam On him / her fllas On us fllaġ On you (m. them. I crossed out the phone utġ f n-nmra n t-tilifun. The preposition “ġ“ changes into “g” when it is used with a pronoun. “of”.com . p) fllasn On them (f. srsġ l-kas f t-tbla. The preposition “ġ“. TashlHeet  169 On you (m. In (and others) ġ In me gigi In you (m. srsġ fllas l-kas. “at”. s) gik In you (f. it may mean “in”. s) fllak On you (f. I divided cookies among bdiġ fllasn l-kiks.

I watched them. tfrrjġ gitsn . s) srk To you (f. “into”. s) srm To him / her srs To us srnġ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. They swam in it. tfrrjġ ġ l-aflam. pool. They swam in a swimming umn ġ lappisin. p) gitsn In them (f. The preposition “s“ does not only have the meaning of “to” (direction). p) gitunt In them (m. wassif. To (and others) s To me sri To you (m. The preposition “s“. p) gitun In you (f. umn gis. I wash my clothes in the ar tsbbanġ ihduminu ġ river. ar gis tsbbanġ. smqqaln giġ. 4. p) gitsnt Some verbs that go with this preposition: Take care of thllu (ġ) Cook in snu (ġ) Watch in tfrrj (ġ) Trust g t-tqa (ġ) Travel in safr (ġ) Look at smaqql (ġ) Examples: They looked at us.170  Peace Corps/Morocco In us giġ In you (m. “for” when used with pronouns.com . but it also has the other meanings: “with (using)”. I wash my clothes in it. I watched the movies.

p) srunt To them (m. She washed with (using) tssird srs ihdumns. tssird ihdumns s t-tid. p) srun To you (f.com . More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. p) srsn To them (f. it. They are waiting for ar srs ttqln. (using) it. I locked the door with a rglġ tiflut s tsarut. key. I lock the door with rglġ srs tiflut. her/him. TashlHeet  171 To you (m. p) srsnt Someverbs that go with this preposition: Wait (for) qql s Wash (using) ssird s Plough (using) krz s Warm (using) ssrġ s Translate (into) trjm s Close (using) rgl s Examples: She washed with Tide.

7 8. 5 6. 2 3. 6 7.i um ġ l-bHr.ar tqql s tmddakltns aylliġ trmi.munġ d Khadija s l-marši. 1-ar bdda ittl ab d imddukalns.tsnua imkli ġ l-gamila mqqurn. tdda tra sġ lmanda tddit trit ssifd l-kulia s ddant ašku rant azn mirikan l-bosta ndda nra amz bwat ppustal idda ira ddiġ ّ‫د‬ riġ tnabr More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. 1 2.kšmn s tgmmi sllmn f irgazn gawrn 3 ar sawaln f l-mašakilnsn.ntni ura tsafarn ġ l-kar. 4. 8 Exercise 2: make as many sentences as you can using the following words. 4 5.trgl tigmmins s tsarut. You may need to add some of your own words.com .172  Peace Corps/Morocco PRACTICE Exercise 1: replace the underlined words using prepositions with pronoun endings.

ula middn n timzarad ad ssn mad . baš imirikanin ad fhmn mzyan 2 middn n tmizar ad ddun sawln fllasn ġ mirikan. TashlHeet  173 DESCRIBING THE PEACE CORPS MISSION Objective: by the end of this chapter. you will be able to:  Talk about the three goals of Peace Corps. 3.3 gan imirikanin. Vocabulary and Expressions Organization l-munddama Countries timizar Peoples middn The three goals of Peace Corps 1. ma ygan hay'at s-salam? hay'at s-salam tga yat l-munddama n mirikan. PEACE CORPS. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. ar ttazn l-mutatawwi‫ع‬in s kra n tmizar: 1. To help people of interested counties and areas in meeting their needs for trained men and women .ٓ ٍ ٕ َ‫ أُوال ِذّ ْ ْ ر ِّساراد أدضّ ٓ ِبدگب ْ إِرِو‬.com . 1 2.  Describe your job in Morocco. To help promote a better understanding of other peoples on the part of the American people. baš ad ‫ع‬awn middn. 2. To help promote a better understanding of the American people on the part of the peoples served. 3.

ar didasn tqllabġ s kra n t-turuq yadnin baš ad snwan bla ad st maln bzzaf n ikššudn. ar txdamġ d l-brnamj n l-bi'a n hay'at s-salam. l-muhimmanu tga ad zrġ mamnk as a t amaln middn d t-tabi a. ar asn ttiniġ adur tbbin šjari baš ad нafdn tagant. ar skarġ kra n l-mašari d l-jm iyat f mamnk ntнafad f l-bi'a. Vocabulary and Expressions: Environment l-bi‟a ‫ اٌجٍئخ‬Forest tagant Program l-brnamj Ways t-turuq To deal Firewood t aml (d) ikššudn (with) Nature t-tabi‫ع‬a To cut bbi Trash z-zbl To use st ml To protect нafd f Trees šjari More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.174  Peace Corps/Morocco ENVIRONMENT SECTOR isminu Laura. ar ttiniġ i middn d t-turis lli d ittaškan s l-park adur tluнn z-zbl ġ kra ygat mani.com . нafdn f l-bi'a.

Khadija: zriġkm idgam ġ s-sbitar. Kim: l-lah ibark fik. ar asnt tsawal f ma rad skrnt baš a bdda ur ttarunt. ar asn sawalġ bzzaf f d-dwa n wanu d win uнlig. nkki ur giġ tafrmlit ur giġ tadbibt. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. Khadija: is asn takkat d-dwa? Kim: ura akkaġ d-dwa ula ar kkatġ tisgnit. ar ttiniġ i middn ma tn ixssan ad skrn baš ad ur tmridn ntni wala tarwansn. ar asnt ttini ad awint tarwansnt ad jlbn.com . d bit l-ma. is tgit tafrmlit? Kim: uhu. Kim: wa alaykum s-salam. ima tamddakltnnm ma tskar? Kim: ar ttini i tmġarin ad ašknt s s-sbitar iġ ar ttarunt baš a tnt izr udbib. Khadija: mzyan. Khadija: mzyan. TashlHeet  175 HEALTH SECTOR Dialogue: Khadija: s-salamu alaykum. trabk l-lah fllawnt. Khadija: ma ygan l-xdmtnm? Kim: ar sawalġ i middn f s-saнtnsn d s-saнt n tarwansn.

176  Peace Corps/Morocco Vocabulary and Expressions: Health The (water) s-saнt anu well Health To immunize s-sbitar jlb clinic Nurse afrmli To give birth aru m. f) tafrmlit Doctor adbib Pregnant ar ttaru (m. f) tadbibt To be sick mrid The shot tisgint Medicines d-dwa Well anu More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com .

l-m‫ع‬llm: mzyan. l-m‫ع‬llm: wa ‫ع‬alaykum s-salam. TashlHeet  177 SMALL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT Dialogue: Scott: s-salamu ‫ع‬alaykum. l-m‫ع‬llm: mamnk s ra tnt t‫ع‬awnt? Scott: ġ bzzaf n tġawsiwin. l-m‫ع‬llm: yah. Scott: samнiyyi ad ak qddmġ ixfinu. tfddl a sidi. l-m‫ع‬llm: ifulki ġayad. matalan.com . zund l-нisabat d l-išhar d mamnk as rad tsuwwaqn s-sli‫ع‬t nsn. ak i awn rbbi. walaynni ma ra tstafd l-muqawala yad? Scott: ra tstafd ašku ra tznz s-sli‫ع‬t ns ġ l-mġrib ula l-xarij. Scott: nkki ula kiyyi. ar nskar lakart vizit i l-muqawla nfkas yat smiyt nskr l-išhar i s-sli‫ع‬tns ġ l-intirnit. Scott: isminu Scott nkki giġ mutatawwi‫ ع‬d hay'at s-salam uškiġd baš ad ‫ع‬awnġ l-muqawalat timzyanin. Vocabulary and Expressions: Enterprise/firm l-muqawala Products l-mntuj Accountancy l-Hisabat Merchandise s-sli t Advertisement l-„išhar Abroad l-xarij To advertise skr l-„išhar More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. you will be able to:  Speak about renting a house. Vocabulary: FINDING A HOUSE Building/block imara of flats Apartment brtma House tigmmi Stairs iskufal / d-druj Elevator sansur Balcony balkun Rental agent asmsar Shower d-duš (in cities) Living room tamsrit Kitchen l-kuzina Bedroom bit n-n as Neighbor adjar Bathroom bit l-ma / Neighbors adjarn twalet Courtyard asarag Roof azur Guestroom amsriy/ l-bit n Bath l-нmmam d-dyaf Expressions: I‟m looking for a house to ar siggilġ s yat tigmmi n rent. l-kra.178  Peace Corps/Morocco RENTING A HOUSE Objective: by the end of this chapter.com . Can you show it to me? mliyyit ‫ع‬afak.

How many rooms does it mnšk n l-byut gis? have? Is the roof for common is itawšrak azur? use? Dialogue: Brian: s-salamu ‫ع‬alaykum l-нaj: wa ‫ع‬alaykum s-salam Brian: is tlla kra n tgmmi n l-kra? l-нaj: is trit kra n tgmmi imzzyn nġd a tmqqur? Brian: riġ kra n yat imzzyn a gis tili tamsrit d bit n-n‫ع‬as d d-duš d l-kuzina. ur zdarġ ad xlsġ t-taman ad. ar sis tkššm tafukt.000 25.com .000 l-нaj: iwa. l-нaj: waldina u waldik. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. bzzaf flli.000 ryal. TashlHeet  179 Where is it located? maniġ tlla? Give me directions to it. Can I see it? riġ as tt zrġ ‫ع‬afak. iġ ufiġ kra rak ‫ع‬lmġ. l-нaj: mnšk a trit a txlst? Brian: 15. ašku giġ ġir uнdiyyi. 15. s-sa‫ع‬t ad ur tlli kra n tgmmi s t-taman ad. Brian: uhu.000 ryal. walaynni t-tamanns 25. wrrid dari tikklt yadnin. n‫ع‬tiyyi maniġ tlla. Brian: waxxa a sidi. l-lah yrнm l-waldin. l-нaj: tlla yat.

com .180  Peace Corps/Morocco Vocabulary: FURNISHING A HOUSE House furniture: Radio/tape Table t-tbla l-musjjala recorder Chair l-kursi Television t-tlfaza Bed Electric n-namusiya l-priz outlet Pillow l-mxdda/l-usada Light bulb l-bola Electric l-xit n Floor mat agrtil cord d-du Rug tazrbit Candle tašm‫ع‬t Carpet l-mukit Iron l-msluн Blanket l-manta/l-kašša Key/switch tasarut Curtain l-xamiya Broom tašttabt Sheet lizar Squeegee l-krrata Moroccan Water l-punj š-šufu sofa heater Couch s-sdari Heater š-šufaj Kitchenware: l-m‫ع‬ilqa/ Refrigerator tllaja Spoon taġnjawt Oven afrran Knife l-mus Blender muliniks Fork l-fršita Saucepan l-gamila Glass l-kas Cooking pot t-tawa Teapot l-brrad Plate t-tbsil Coffe pot lbriq More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

com . TashlHeet  181 l-mjmr / Brazier Tray siniya takat Grill š-šuwaya Bowl tajbbanit Strainer s-sffaya Kettle l-mqraj Pressure Pitcher l-kukut aġrraf cooker Sifter Couscous tallunt tasksut pot Frying pan l-mqla Ladle aġnja Faucet r-rubini More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.182  Peace Corps/Morocco PRACTICE Exercise 1: put the household items in the correct “room”.com . butagaz kursi l-kuzina namusiya tbla sabun l-gamila m‫ع‬lqa mus bit n-n‫ﻉ‬as l-gamila ktab aman d-du tbsil bit l-ma l-mxdda robini Exercise 2: describe in TashlHeet the house you want to rent.

SEXUAL HARASSMENT Vocabulary: To follow Gazelle* l-ġzala tab‫ع‬ someone The beautiful* z-zwina To get in naqqr someone‟s way The beauty* z-zin To harass ngg A strawberry t-tuta (girl)* *These words are used by men to harass women. Expressions: Sexual harassment taнrruš jinsi He followed me itab‫ع‬iyyi. What do you want? ma trit? Go away.  Use TashlHeet to implement these strategies. rzmiyyi Don‟t touch me. Get away (far) from me.you will be able to:  List some safety and security problems you may face during your service. fkiyyi s t-tisa‫ع‬. TashlHeet  183 SAFETY AND SECURITY Objective: by the end of this chapter. awr iyyi tslit. zayd s šġalnk. 1.  Describe some strategies for dealing with these issues. Let go of me. awr sur iyyi tab‫ع‬t.com . More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. Don‟t follow me again.

ġrn i Jen. zayd nġd ra tndmt. illa yan bu t-tumubil ibid ġ taman l-bab n dar š-šbab. ra tiniġ i l-bulis. tkmml aġarasns. tbbi djin aġaras s ljiht yadnin. tfkayasn n-nmra n t-tumubil. ra tiniġ i jadarmya.184  Peace Corps/Morocco Go or you will regret it. i‫ع‬awd bu t-tumubil a ylli iskr as amzwaru. Respect yourself. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. from me. wis krad wssan tnnayas Jen i bu t-tumubil: "iġ sul iyyi tab‫ع‬t rad diklariġ dar l-bulis. umzn l-bulis bu t-tumubil. Text-TashlHeet Text-Transcription Jen tfġd ġ dar š-šbab mlliġd tfġ Jen ġ dar š-šbab." i‫ع‬awd itab‫ع‬t tikklt yadnin.com . нtarm ixfnk. I will call the gendarme. idalb urgazan i Jen ad as tsamн. away (far) from me. I will tell the police. I told you: get away (far) nniġ ak fkiyyi s t-tisa‫ع‬. mlliġ tra Jen a tzri innyas urgazan: "ġli a z-zin akm slkmġ". tnnayas Jen: "zayd s šġlnk. is trit kra n yan a ytab‫ ع‬ultmak?" tdda Jen itab‫ع‬t bu t-tumubil. wis sin wssan. iltazm baš a sul as ur it‫ع‬rrd tikklt yadnin. He doesn‟t want to get ur iri ad iyyi ifk s t-tisa‫ع‬. tuddr iyugayyuns. tddu Jen tdiklari srs dar l-bulis.

She told them what happened and gave them the license plate number. ma yskr bu t-tumubil lliġ t umzn 6 l-bulis? Text-English translation Jen coming out of the youth center When Jen was coming out of the youth center. Is it okay with you if someone harasses your sister?” Jen kept walking and the man was following her with his car.” In fact. TashlHeet  185 Questions : 1. and continued on her way. he did follow her again and so she went to the police station. ignoring him.com . the same thing happened with that man. mani tkka Jen? 1 2. Vocabulary: Seat l-blast Windshield j-jaj Tire r-rwida Cracked istġ Smooth To be twamsaн ksud afraid To happen aq /jru More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. I will take you home. 2. there was a man in his car by the side of the road. is tmun Jen d bu t-tumubil? 4 5. ma tskr Jen lliġ tt itab‫ ع‬bu 5 t-tumubil tikklt yadnin? 6. The next day.” Jen said: “Go away. he told her: “Get in gazelle. AT THE TAXI STAND. She crossed the road. The man apologized to Jen and promised not to get in her way again. As she passed by him. maniġ illa bu t-tumubil? 2 3. The police arrested the man and called Jen. ma ynna bu t-tumubil i Jen? 3 4. The following day Jen told the man: “If you follow me again I will tell the police.

Dialogue: ġ l-maнtta n t-taksiyat l-kurti: yat l-blast s tata. ur tksut. mani yra? 2 3. Stephen: uhu. ‫ع‬afak. l-kurti: ixssak a tqqlt imik. rad qqlġ. yat l-blast s tata. ma ydalb i l-kurti? 4 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. ad zrġ t-taksi b‫ع‬da. ur riġ a dduġ ġ t-taksi yad.186  Peace Corps/Morocco Expressions: Drive slowly please. d j-jaj lgddam istġ. l-kurti: max? Stephen: r-rwayd kullu twamsaнnt.com . sug ġir s lнil. ur ra yuqq‫ع‬ walu. Questions : 1. maniġ illa Stephen? 1 2. l-kurti: ġli. izar iyyi kra n t-taksi yadnin. ‫ع‬afak. Stephen: bllati. Stephen: l-uqt maši muškil. Stephen: nkki riġ tata. l-kurti: ġir ġli. max lliġ ur iddi ġ t-taksi lli yzra? 3 4.

l-kurti: You will have to wait a little bit. lomolog: ma yad tskrt? max lliġ d tskšmt l-bišklit s l-biru? Oliver: ira a ytyakar iġ tin flġ ġ brra. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. Vocabulary: To lock to To bring in škšm qqn d (something) To take out ssufġ A lock l-qfl To steal akr To be stolen ityakar Dialogue: ġ l-xdmt lomolog: s-salamu ‫ع‬alaykum. šwiya. TashlHeet  187 English translation At the taxi stand: l-kurti: A seat to Tata. 3. please. don‟t worry. Stephen: Time is not a problem. zik ġassad. a seat to Tata. Stephen: Find me a good taxi.com . Nothing is going to happen. AT WORK. I‟ll wait. Let me see the taxi first… I don‟t want to go in this taxi. l-kurti: Come on. l-kurti: Why? Stephen: The tires are smooth and the wildshield is cracked. Oliver: wa ‫ع‬alaykum s-salam. Stephen: Wait. l-kurti: Get in. Stephen: I am going to Tata.

and lock it to the gate. lomolog: is dark illa l-qfl? Oliver: yah illa dari. rad fġ ġilad a tin qqnġ d l-bab n brra. but what should I do? Counterpart: Use a lock with the bike. I didn‟t think about that. Counterpart: But this is not the place for bikes. lomolog: qqn a taft ma trzmt. lomolog: waldina u waldik. Questions: 1. You came in early today. tqqnt d l-bab n brra. Oliver: l-lah yrнm l-waldin. Oliver: l-fikra ifulkin aynna. It will be stolen if I leave it outside. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. ma ynna lomolog i Oliver? 2 3. max lliġ iskšm Oliver l-bišklit s 1 l-biru? 2. A little bit.188  Peace Corps/Morocco lomolog: walakin ġid ur igi l-blast n l-bišklitat. Oliver: yah. ma yskr Oliver? 3 English translation At work.com . Oliver: Peace be upon you too. Oliver: Yes. Counterpart: What‟s this? Why did you bring your bike into the office? Oliver: Oh. Counterpart: Peace be upon you. ur gis fkkrġ. Oliver: Good idea. walakin ma rad skrġ? lomolog: gas l-qfl i l-bišklit.

I‟ll take it outside now and lock it to the gate. I have one. FORGETTING A WALLET IN A TAXI/ FILLING A REPORT... I forgot my wallet in … ttuġ l-bztaminu ġ. TashlHeet  189 Counterpart: Do you have a lock? Oliver: Yes.com . jliġ l-ppaspurinu. Counterpart: Our parents and your parents. Police l-bulis To lose jlu Police l-kumisariya To forget ttu station Wallet l-bztam To save tq someone Expressions: Help me. Where‟s the police maniġ tlla l-kumisariya? station? Help me! (use only in extreme ‫ع‬tqu r-ruн! danger) More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. 4. Counterpart: Lock now what you will find later. Oliver: God bless your parents. Vocabulary. ‫ع‬awniyyi I lost my passport.

com . what‟s your name? Brian: My name is Brian … Police: What was in the wallet? Brian: My passport. fkiyyi n-nmra n t-tilifunnk. Questions: 1. abulisi: lla šukran ‫ع‬ala wajib. and 500 dirhams. Police: Okay. abulisi: waxxa. ra srk nttasl mn b‫ع‬d. a Visa card. 52 abulisi: waxxa. manis idda brayan? 1 2. Police: Peace be upon you too. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. ttuġ l-bztaminu ġ yat t-taksi. abulisi: wa ‫ع‬alaykum s-salam. Brian: Excuse me. ma ysmnk? Brian: isminu brayan. abulisi: ma yllan ġ l-bztam? Brian: gis l-ppaspurinu d yat lakart viza d 500 drhm. is as ityakar l-bztam? 2 English translation Brian: Peace be upon you. I forgot my wallet in a taxi. Brian: šukran.190  Peace Corps/Morocco Dialogue: Brian: s-salamu ‫ع‬alaykum. Brian: samнiyyi. 500 abulisi: is t aqlt f n-nmra n t-taksi? Brian: 52.

TashlHeet  191
Police: Do you remember the taxi‟s number?

Brian: 52.

Police: Okay, leave me your phone number, we‟ll call you later.

Brian: Thanks.

Police: It‟s my duty.

5-BUTAGAZ

Vocabulary:

Butane gas Metal regulator
tank l-buta between gas l-magana
tank and hose

Gas l-gaz To test jrrb

CO detector d-ditiktur To close tank qqn

Battery l-нjra To open (tank) rzm

Gasket To turn on
j-jlda n
(rubber ssxdm
l-buta To make work
ring)
Torn ibbi / tbbi To change bddl

Hose t-tiyu To tighten ziyyr

Odor/smell adu To smell kdu

Ring l-xatm

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192  Peace Corps/Morocco
Expressions:

There is a gas smell. illa wadu n l-buta.

Turn on the detector. ssxdm d-ditiktur

Test the butagas tank jrrb l-buta s waman d
with water and soap. s-sabun.

Change the rubber ring bddl j-jlda n l-buta iġ
if it‟s torn. tbbi.

Dialogue:

Hind dar Jessica

Hind: ahlan manik tgit?

Jessica: labas, l-нamdullah, mrнba
bikm.
Hind: a srm irннb l-xir, kdiġ adu n :‫هِ ٕذ‬
l-buta.

Jessica: ur kdiġ walu, dari d-dittiktur :‫ِىب‬
‫دجَط‬
n l-gaz, walaynni ur gis
l-нjrat.
Hind: ixssakm a t sxdmt, ġayad ur :‫هِ ٕذ‬
gis l-mzaн, bllati a nzr j-jlda
n l-buta b‫ع‬da.

Jessica: waxxa. :‫ِىب‬
‫دجَط‬

Hind: j-jlda yad tmmut, l-xatar a :‫هِ ٕذ‬
tskart. ixssa a tt nbddl,
njrrb s waman d s-sabun.

Jessica: waxxa, llay rнm l-waldin. :‫ِىب‬
‫دجَط‬

Hind: waldina u waldik. :‫هِ ٕذ‬

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TashlHeet  193
Questions:

1. max lliġ ur tsxdm Jessica 1
d-dittiktur n l-gaz?

2. ma ygan l-muškil ġ l-buta n
2
Jessica?
3. ma yxssan Hind d Jessica a
3
tskrnt?
English translation:

Hind: Hello, how are you?

Jessica: Fine, thanks be to God. Welcome.

Hind: Thanks. I smell gas.

Jessica: I don‟t smell it. I have a gas detector but it run out of batteries.

Hind: You should always have it on. This is no game. Let‟s look at the rubber
gasket ring first.

Jessica: Okey.

Hind: You see, the rubber ring is torn. This is dangerous. We have to change
it, then test it with water and soap.

Jessica: Okey, may God bless your parents.

Hind: Our parents and yours.

6-HASH.
Vocabulary:

Hashish l-нšiš To use st‫ع‬ml

Kalitti
Quality -Sticking to Lsq
ng‫ع‬a
-Bothering
To smoke kmi brzt
someone

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194  Peace Corps/Morocco

Dialogue:

Aziz: aškid, is ar tqllabt s l-нšiš?

Andy: uhu, zayd s šġalnk, nkki ura
st‫ع‬malġ l-Hšiš.

Aziz: aškid, dari yat l-kalitti ur a
tduwwar.
Andy: nniġ ak fkiyyi s t-tisa‫ع‬. nkki :‫أ ٴذي‬
ur a kmmiġ.

Aziz: ra didk skrġ yan t-taman :‫عسٌس‬
iнlan.
Andy: šuf a ssi, iġ iyyi sul tlsqt ra :‫أ ٴذي‬
tiniġ i l-bulis, nkki ur a
kmmiġ.
Aziz: l-bulis! safi ak i‫ع‬awn rbbi. :‫عسٌس‬

Question:

1. mad imnaqqar Andy? 1
2. ma gis ira Aziz? 2
3. is isġa Andy l-нšiš? 3
4. max lliġ iksud Aziz? 4
English translation

Aziz: Come here, are you looking for hash?

Andy: No. go away. I don‟t use it.

Aziz: Come on. It‟s good stuff.

Andy: I said go away. I don‟t smoke.

Aziz: Look, I‟ll give you a good price.

Andy: You look; if you keep bothering me I‟ll callthe police.

Aziz: Police! Okey, may God help you.

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TashlHeet  195

7-THEFT.
Vocabulary:

amxxar
Thief (f) tamxxart Thief (m)

sli
Danger l-xatar To touch

Medical samнiyyi
šahada To forgive
certificate/ tibbiya /
report srtafika
Make a diklari He attacked it‫ع‬dda flli
statement/ me
fill a report
ixtfiyyi
Summons l-istid‫ع‬a' He snatched
my …

Witness š-šahd He slapped me imrrqiyyi

yutiyyi
Testimony š-šahada He hit me

issufs gigi
Police l-bulis He spit on me

yumziyyi ġ.
Police l-inspiktur He grabbed
inspector me from

isbaiyyi
Police car l-fargunit He cursed me

yukriyyi
Report r-rappur He stole my …

Law l-qanun He insulted i‫ع‬ayriyyi
me

ġr i
Human нuquq To call (the
(l-bulis)
rights l-'insan police)

l-mнkama
Lawyer l-muнami Court

Expressions:

maniġ tlla kra n
Where‟s the closest
l-kumisariya / l-brigad n

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abulisi: wa ‫ع‬alaykum s-salam. Come with me to the yallah a nddu s dar l-bulis police. ‫ع‬afak? please? I want to make a riġ ad blġġ f yan urgaz ar statement about a sexual flli itbssal. harassment (incident). abulisi: waxxa.com . hak. 3:00 abulisi: mamnk iga umxxar lli ak yukrn s-sak? John: iġzzif. ilsa djin d yan tišurt azggaġ. Pay attention. mak ixssan? John: ityakar iyyi yan s-sak. What police station man l-kumisariya s rad should I go to? dduġ? Take me to the closest awiyyi s kra n police station. abulisi: ma gis illan ġ s-sak? John: gis l-ppurtabl d l-futa d yan :ْ ‫دجى‬ l-ktab d yat l-musjjala More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.196  Peace Corps/Morocco police gendarme station. man l-uqt ak idda s-sak? John: ġ 3:00 n tdggat. fkiyyi l-ppaspurnk. John: dari ġir lakar d sijur. ‫ع‬afak. Dialogue: John: s-salamu ‫ع‬alaykum. kun ‫ع‬la bal. j-jundarm iqrbn. please. l-kumisariya iqrbn. abulisi: maši muškil.

sir. ġir ad dduġ? :ْ ‫دجى‬ abulisi: uhu. too.com . TashlHeet  197 (walkman) d 200 drhm. English translation John: Peace be upon you. 200 abulisi: waxxa. Police officer: What did you have in the bag? John: A cell phone. Here you are. ra srk nttsl mn b‫ع‬d. Police officer: Peace be upon you. John: safi. Can I help you? John: My bag was stolen. your passport please. waxxa šukran. :ْ ‫دجى‬ John: abulisi: hak. Police officer: Can you describe the thief? John: He was tall and was wearing jeans and a red T-shirt. and 200 dirhams. a sidi. John: I have only my “carte de sejour”. a towel. ra nskr yan :ً ‫أثىٌِط‬ l-bнt mn b‫ع‬d ra srk nttasl. John: That‟s it? Can I leave? More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. a walkman. Police officer: Okey. a book. šuwr ar tawit yat n-nsxa :ً ‫أثىٌِط‬ n r-rappur. Police officer: Okey. we‟ll do our investigation and we‟ll get in touch with you later. When was it stolen? John: At 3:00 in the afternoon. kun :ً ‫أثىٌِط‬ ‫ع‬la bal tikklt yadnin. Police officer: That‟s okey.

ġir ggiwrġ. Be careful in the future. mrнba bik. Carlos: waxxa.198  Peace Corps/Morocco Police officer: Wait a minute. Jamal: ma tskart ġ tgmmi? Carlos: walu. Police officer: Here you are. 8-HOUSE SECURITY/ DOORS AND WINDOWS. ixssak ġir a tamzt l-‫ع‬barns. We‟ll get in touch with you.com . More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. Carlos: mani ġ ra tn sġġ? Jamal: ġ d-drugri. Jamal: mayad? l-qfl ad immut. yallah a nddu s dar s-sudur a nsawb š-šrjm ad b‫ع‬da. Jamal: yallah a nfġ. you‟ve got to take a photocopy of the report. ixssak yan isнan d yat s-saqta baš a tqqnt ġ ugns. thanks. Carlos: wa ‫ع‬alaykum s-salam. John: Okey. ula s-srjm ad xssant l-barrat n l-нdid baš a thnnat. Vocabulary: Lock l-qfl Sliding metal z-zkrum bolt for locking doors Welder s-sudur Iron bars l-barrat n l-Hdid Latch/bolt s-saqta Hardware d-drogri store Dialogue: Jamal: s-salamu ‫ع‬alaykum.

maniġ ira ad isġ l-qfl d s-saqta? 4 5. Carlos: Good idea. Jamal: What are you doing at home? Carlos: Nothing. too. Where can I get these from? Jamal: From the hardware store. Jamal: What isthis? This lock is not strong. llay rнm l-waldin. jist sitting around. Questions: 1. You also need a sliding metal bolt in order to lock the door from the inside. Carlos: Peace be upon you. ma yskar Carlos? 1 2. Carlos: Okey. Jamal: Let‟s go out. may God bless your parents. maniġ ira a ysawb l-barrat? 5 English translation Jamal: Peace be upon you. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. You need to measure it. Alsothis window needs iron bars for you to feel safe. Welcome.com . ma ygan l-muškil ns? 2 3. Let‟s go to the welder‟s to fix this window now. ma t ixssan a t iskr? 3 4. TashlHeet  199 Carlos: waxxa. Carlos: Okey. You need a strong one.

com . awalnna isнa. uškiġd s l-mġrib baš ad ‫ع‬awnġ middn. ilin middn ar tfrrajn ġ "Al Jazeera. Ben: uhu." yan urgaz innayas i Ben: muwatin: sawl d Bush a yнbs l-нrb ad. muwatin: mamnk s ra nssn? :ٓ ِ‫ُِىاؼ‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. nkki giġ ġ 50% lli ur 50 :ٓ ٍ ‫ث‬ irin l-нrb. muwatin: walaynni ar ttinim darun :ٓ ِ‫ُِىاؼ‬ l-нurriya d d-dimuqratiya. ktr 50 mn 50% n middn ttafqn d l-нrb. Vocabulary: To end sbd / нbs Population š-š‫ع‬b War l-нrb People Citizen muwatin Against dudd Normal ‫ع‬adi To kill nġ Freedom l-нuriya Subject mudu‫ع‬ Democracy d-dimuqratiya Dialogue: iggiwr Ben ġ l-qhwa ar yaqra "Newsweek". Ben: yah. muwatin: kulukun zund zund.200  Peace Corps/Morocco 9-POLITICAL HARASSMENT. Ben: nkki giġ ġir muwatin ‫ع‬adi ġ mirikan. ġayad ad snġ. ar :ٓ ِ‫ُِىاؼ‬ ttirim l-нrb ġ mirikan. walaynni :ٓ ٍ ‫ث‬ nkki ġir yan ġ š-š‫ع‬b ad giġ. ula kiyyi tgit gisn.

In America more than 50% of citizen the people are for the war. Moroccan: How are we going to know? More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. citizen Ben: I‟m just a normal citizen from America. One of the men at the café said to ben: Moroccan: Talk to Bush about stopping this war. mad skarn middn? 3 4. Questions: 1. walaynni mirikan ur :ٓ ِ‫ُِىاؼ‬ sul tnqqa ‫ع‬ibadllah. Ben: ttafqġ didk. maniġ illa Ben? 1 2. ma yskar? 2 3.com . Moroccan: You are all the same. I am with the other Americans against the war. ma yskar Ben ġ l-mġrib? 4 5. Some people there were watching “Aj-jazira”. :ٓ ٍ ‫ث‬ tqamad yat rbi‫ﻉ‬t n middn ar sawaln f l-mudu‫ ﻉ‬ad ar smuqquln ġ Ben. ma yskr Ben lliġ ar sawaln middn 6 f l-нrb? English translation Ben was sitting in the café reading “Newsweek”. You all like war. That‟s all I know. My job is to help people in Morocco. but I‟m just a normal American. TashlHeet  201 Ben: mamnk s rak qn‫ع‬ġ? :ٓ ٍ ‫ث‬ muwatin: ur snġ. inkr Ben ixlls l-qhwa iddu bнalt. Ben: No. is iga Ben didd l-нrb? 5 6. citizen Ben: That‟s true. Moroccan: But in America you say you have freedom and democracy.

More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com . Too many masons spoil the wall. English equivalent: Too many cooks spoil the broth.202  Peace Corps/Morocco citizen Ben: How can convince you? Moroccan: I don‟t know but America must stop killing people. A group of people in the café kept talking about the subject of the war. BERBER WISDOM iġ gguten l-m llmin ar itfraġ uġrab. They were looking at Ben. Ben paid for his coffee and left. citizen Ben: I agree.

second. and then release it. and then releasing it. /sh/. This chapter will help you with the first task. TashlHeet  203 APPENDICES PRONUNCIATION OF TASHLHEET Despite what you may think at first. let‟s first understand how sounds are made in general. and others. This is another “stop” because again. Now make the /z/ sound. /b/. Sounds like /s/ are called voiceless. Make the /k/ sound. but rather we completely block the air flow for a moment. /k/. /f/. but with /z/. Notice how air is being forced through the space between your tongue and the gum ridge in your mouth. still holding your hand to your throat. /g/. we don‟t use our voice box. by forcing air between some small opening. /z/. is called a stop. Some sounds in English that are fricatives are: /s/. This sound is also a fricative. practicing with a native speaker.com . Here. Then we can use this knowledge in order to work on Arabic sounds. that sound is called a fricative. you will notice how we build up a lot of pressure with air. You‟ll notice that with /s/. Sounds like /z/ are called voiced. When a sound is produced like this. While making the sound.  Fricatives and stops Make the /s/ sound.  Voiced and voiceless sounds We can also categorize consonant sounds according to whether we use our voice box or not.  UNDERSTANDING HOW SOUNDS ARE MADE. A sound that is produced by blocking the air flow. it is indeed possible for you to learn how to pronounce the sounds of tashlheet. becoming aware of how to make the different sounds and. Now make the /t/ sound. Before we move directly into how to pronounce tashlHeet sounds. Make the More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. our voice box vibrates. Make the /s/ sound. we are not forcing air through a small opening at a constant pressure. since our voice box vibrates. because in order to make it we must force air between our teeth and our bottom lip. and others. Learning to pronounce tashlHeet sounds correctly entails two things: first. /th/. since we don‟t use our voice box. /p/. /v/. Make the /f/ sound. and then release the air stream in one big burst. hold your hand over your throat. Some stops in English are: /t/.

and then “voice” it. Now say “x” several times. and you will produce this sound. Both are “stops. the Scottish pronunciation of loch. paying attention to how your voice changes when you say “g”.  The /t/ sound is voiceless and the /d/ sound is voiced. Try the following exercise. except it is “voiced. Practice doing this first without making a sound. take a minute to become more familiar with your throat muscles. The result is “ġ”.  PRONUNCIATION OF NON-ENGLISH CONSONANTS  The sound “q” ( ).  The sound “ġ” ( ). Is it voiceless or voiced? Now make the sound /d/. all you need to do is vibrate your voice box at the same time. First. although it is wide open. The “q” sound will be made further back in the throat than the k sound. if you can make the sound “x”. The result will be the sound “q”. as if you were at the doctor‟s office. At this point. Think of the correspondence between the sounds “k” (kite) and “g” (game): “k” is voiceless and “g” is voiced. Both are voiceless “stops” that are made by releasing air forcefully after completely blocking the air flow momentarily. The sound “x” is a voiceless fricative formed around the same place as the sound “q”. The only difference is where in the throat the speaker blocks the air flow. Pronounce “k” and “g” several times. Voiceless or voiced? Let‟s look now at some of the difficult tašlнit sounds. pull it back so that the base of your tongue closes off air by pulling back against the throat. Open your mouth and say aah. After performing this exercise several times. make the sound “q” and pay attention to where the back of your tongue hits the back of the roof of your mouth and blocks your windpipe. and you will produce “ġ”. Your tongue should be flat in your mouth. make a sound by releasing the air forcefully. It is found in many European languages: the Russian “x”. Instead of closing off the windpipe with the back of your tongue completely. Some people use this sound to say yech! To pronounce “x”. The “q” sound is similar to the “k” sound. block it part way. you should not be able to breathe through your mouth.204  Peace Corps/Morocco sound /t/. using what we know about sounds in general.” In other words. and the German ch as pronounced after a back vowel as in Bach. Without raising your tongue.  The sound “x” ( ).” More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. The sound “ġ” is the same sound as the sound “x”.com .

and note the position of your tongue. The sound “s” is the emphatic counterpart of the sound “s”. It has no equivalent in English. Alternately tighten and relax them for a few minutes. It should be toward the front of the mouth and high. Constrict those same muscles so that air can just barely squeeze through your throat. You can notice this contraction of the throat easily by prolonging the „l‟ in “full.”  The sound “H” ( ). The sound “н” is a voiceless fricative pronounced deep in the throat. “d” ( ). the sounds “s”. The rest of your tongue will drop lower inside your mouth. starting at the back of your teeth. Gargle for a minute and pay attention to the muscles you use. 1. 2. before the upward curve of the roof. They are pronounced with greater muscular tension in the mouth and throat and with a raising of the back and root of the tongue toward the roof of the mouth. The following exercises are designed to make you aware of what these muscles can already do. All the emphatic sounds are lower in pitch than their non-emphatic counterparts. The sound “ġ” is pronounced using these same muscles in similar fashion. Put your hand on your throat at the Adam‟s apple and constrict the muscles on the inside. Now. The emphatic or velarized consonants in tašlнit are pronounced by placing the tip of your tongue in this spot and dropping the rest of the tongue as low as you can. 3. By now. You should be able to feel the muscles contracting. and “t” are all made with the tongue in this position. This position should make it easier for you to feel what you are doing. Bend your head down so that your chin rests on the top of your chest. you should be aware of what your throat muscles are doing. Try to breathe out through your mouth—if you can. as often as you can. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. but not to speak English. Imitate someone fogging a pair of glasses to clean them. block off your windpipe at your throat. Thus. Pronounce the sound “s” aloud. you are not closing off the windpipe entirely. so that you can use them to speak Arabic. you may think of “ġ” as similar to the sound you make when gargling.  The emphatic sounds “s” ( ). The sound of the air coming through your constricted throat muscles is “н”. and “t” ( ). With your mouth closed. first take a few minutes to become better acquainted with some of your throat muscles that you use often. You will find a bony ridge just behind the teeth. Practice them for a few minutes every day. close to the roof. Repeat this with your mouth open. Put your tongue against this ridge. In order to practice this sound. move your tongue back along the roof of your mouth. TashlHeet  205 Alternatively. “d”. and repeat exercise 3.com .

The sound r in tashlHeet is not the same as the English “r. throaty sound of “‫”ﻉ‬. we include here a short description of it. The sound is a flap. Say gotta several times in a row very quickly and pay attention to what your tongue is doing. and then to pronounce it surrounded by other letters in a word. You should feel it flapping against the roof of your mouth behind your teeth. in which you constricted your throat muscles as if you were blocking off the air passage from the inside. You must learn to pronounce it properly to be understood. first to pronounce the letter alone. but it is not a vowel. it indicates that the consonant is to be held twice as long as a normal consonant. But because it is new. You can feel this by putting your hand on your throat. Now pronounce the sound alone. and at first. this stress is indicated by a doubling of a consonant (see page 4).  The sound “‫) ( ”ﻉ‬. you must begin to say them and pause in the middle of pronouncing them for a second. Because we constrict our throat muscles and force air through the passageway.  The TashlHeet “r” ( ). the sound ‫ﻉ‬ is a fricative. like the Spanish or Italian “r. when pronounced correctly. this will take some concentration on your part.” It is not difficult.” You already know how to make this sound: it is the sound American English speakers make saying gotta as in gotta go. and feel the muscles contract.206  Peace Corps/Morocco Pronouncing “н” takes practice. say the say sound while vibrating your voice box. changing the breathy sound of “н” into the deep. When there is shedda. It is not as difficult to pronounce as one may first think. the more you practice now. This is easy with fluid sounds like “z” or “r”. Another good exercise is to practice making a whirring sound: rrrrrrrrrrrrrrr. the same ones that you use to pronounce н. Do these exercises daily until you have mastered this sound. Say “н”. In transcription. it should be pronounced for twice the length of time. However. You should continually be doing the exercises you learned above for “н”. the sooner you will be able to say it easily. Now pronounce the same sound and “voice” it.com . Vowels do not force air through a partially blocked passageway. a “shedda” is a pronounced stress upon a letter in a word. ‫ ﻉ‬has its own unique beauty and can be a very expressive sound. and thus cannot be fricatives. but you need to exercise your throat muscles. That is. Some trainees think that ‫ ﻉ‬sounds like a vowel. We now come to one of the most distinctive sounds in tashlHeet: ‫ﻉ‬. however. With sounds like “b” or “d”.  PRONUNCIATION OF SHEDDA In tashlHeet. like some of the other sounds above may seem at first. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. This may take some practice at first. That is. The sounds “н” and ‫ ﻉ‬are only different because “н” is voiceless and ‫ ﻉ‬is voiced.

the “definite article” is the word “the”. It cannot be stressed enough that shedda affects not only the pronunciation of a word. “l” ( ). More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. the first letter of the word is doubled with a “shedda. but also its meaning. It is different from the “indefinite articles. When written in Arabic script. TashlHeet  207 In English.” which are “a” and “an. instead of pronouncing the “l” ( ). but they are not always pronounced. In TashlHeet. attached to the beginning of a noun or an adjective. for pronouncing the definite article. the definite article speaks about something specific: “I washed the dog today” (you know which dog I‟m speaking about). It is worth noting that all the Tashlheet words that bear”al” as definite article are borrowed from Arabic ( see pages 12. Here is the Arabic script for “the book”: The definite article These two letters are always written in Arabic script for a definite article. Let‟s look at these two different possibilities.” Noticing the difference between the single “d” and double “dd” in this example will give you some idea of how a shedda affects pronunciation. especially for verbs.  THE DEFINITE ARTICLE.com . Sometimes. 13). In English. The indefinite articles talk about something non-specific: “I saw a dog today” (you don‟t know the dog I‟m speaking about). Recognizing when shedda is used and learning to pronounce it correctly yourself is an important task in your study of tashlHeet. it is composed of two letters. Compare the difference between the single “d” in “lay down” and the double “„dd” in “laid down. the definite article is not always used exactly as in English. this doubling of a consonant sound never occurs in the middle of words. Other times. a ( ). therefore. is never pronounced. Two possibilities exist.” In English. is pronounced.  The moon letters. the first letter. the second letter. but is very common from the end of one word to the beginning of another. In Arabic. “al” ( ).” Whether the definite article is pronounced with “l” or by doubling the first letter with shedda is determined by which letter is the first letter of the word.

because the Arabic word for sun.com . In the second possibility. begins with one of the letters in the group. begins with one of the letters in the group. because the Arabic word for moon. All words that begin with the following letters follow this rule: i u h m k q f ġ x H b a y w These letters are called moon letters.” All words that begin with the following letters follow this rule: n l t d s š s z r j t These letters are known as sun letters. Notice in the following examples that the definite article is pronounced by doubling the first letter of the word by using “shedda. the Arabic definite article is pronounced with an “l” ( ) at the beginning of a word. qamar.” A brush šita A market suq The brush š-šita The market s-suq A car tumubil A box snduq The car t-tumubil The box s-snduq More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.208  Peace Corps/Morocco In the first possibility. Notice in the following examples that the definite article is pronounced by adding an l to the word: A book ktab A shirt qamija The book l-ktab The shirt l-gamija A door bab A glass kas The door l-bab The glass l-kas  The sun letters. the Arabic definite article is pronounced by doubling the first letter of a word with a “shedda. šms.

with examples: More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. has recently been introduced as an instructional language in some schools. tifinagh is as follows. The Amazigh language. TashlHeet  209 THE TASHLHEET ALPHABET: TIFINAGH TashlHeet has its own alphabet. According to IRCAM (Institute Royal de la Culture Amazighe). of which TashlHeet is a dialect.com . tifinagh.

unless you already have some experience with Arabic. It is unlikely you will be able to complete them during stage. most speakers of tashlHeet use Arabic numbers. TASHLHEET NUMBERS As previously explained. we do have tashlHeet numbers. However.210  Peace Corps/Morocco SUPPLEMENTARY GRAMMAR LESSONS These are lessons you can work on by yourself or with your tutor once you arrive at your site. 1. It is important that you learn these numbers.com . Numbers Masculine Feminine One yan yat Two sin snat Three krad krat Four kuz kust Five smmus smmust Six sdis sdist Seven sa sat Eight tam tamt Nine tza tzat Ten mraw mrawt Eleven yan d mraw Twelve sin d mraw More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. because in some areas. both Arabic and tašlнit numbers are used interchangeably. as well. which are below.

com . TashlHeet  211 Thirteen krad d mraw Fourteen kuz d mraw Fifteen smmus d mraw Sixteen sdis d mraw Seventeen sa d mraw Eighteen tam d mraw Nineteen tza d mraw Twenty ‫ع‬šrin Twenty-one ‫ع‬šrin d yan Twenty-two ‫ع‬šrin d sin Twenty-three ‫ع‬šrin d krad Twenty-four ‫ع‬šrin d kuz Twenty-five ‫ع‬šrin d smmus Twenty-six ‫ع‬šrin d sdis Twenty-seven ‫ع‬šrin d sa Twenty-eight ‫ع‬šrin d tam Twenty-nine ‫ع‬šrin d tza Thirty ‫ع‬šrin d mraw Foufty sin ida ‫ع‬šrin Fifty sin ida ‫ع‬šrin d mraw Sixty krad ida ‫ع‬šrin Seventy krad ida ‫ع‬šrin d mraw Eighty kuz ida ‫ع‬šrin More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

MAKING TRANSITIVE VERBS INTO TRANSITIVE Intransitive verbs are verbs that do not reauire a direct object such as: To come in kšm To remember kti To arrive lkm To drink su To laugh To tssa fhm understand To fall dr To get up nkr To win rbн To be late matl To work xdm To stand uo bdd To stop To go out fġ All these verbs can be made transitive by prefixing an s ( ) to them. ar iyyi tstsat Here is a list of verbs commonly used in their transitive form: More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.” Look at how the meaning changes when the intransitive verbs fhm “to understand” and tssa ( ) are changed into a transitive verb. tfhmt Make me understand. sfhmiyyi You laugh/are laughing ar tssat You make me laugh.212  Peace Corps/Morocco Ninety kuz ida ‫ع‬šrin d mraw One hundred miya One thousand alf 2. The new transitive verb normally has the meaning “to make someone do something.com . Examples: You understand.

To make (so) get up/to snkr wake (so) up. srbн To make (so) be late. ‫ع‬afak. TashlHeet  213 To make (so/sth) enter/to skšm bring in. sxdm t-tlfaza.com . Turn on the TV. Wake up your brother. To make (so/sth) work. snkr gmak. house but my father took it out. To make (so) arrive.e to make sth swu “drink”). More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. please. To make (so/sth) laugh stsa To remind (makes so skti remember) To drop/to throw down (i.e sdr to make sth fall). smatl Examples: skšmġ yan wiydi s tgmmi I bought in a dog to the walaynni issufġt baba. sxdm To water (i. slkm To make (so) win. To make (so) understand/to sfhm explain.

s) itwasġa To be bought (f. p) tufhamnt To buy sġ To be bought (m. s) ttyara To be written (m. s) ityara To be written (f. as shown below: To write ara To be written (m. p) tyakarnt More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.214  Peace Corps/Morocco 3-PASSIVE VERBS Transitive verbs can be made passive by adding “t” () to them. s) ttwasġa To be bought (m. p) tyakarn To be stolen (f. p) tyarant To understand fhm To be understood (m. s) itufham To be understood (f. p) tyaran To be written (f. p) twasġan To be bought (f. s) ityakar To be stolen (f. p) tufhamn To be understood (f. s) ttyakar To be stolen (m. s) ttufham To be understood (m.com . p) twasġant To steal akr To be stolen (m.

The lesson was written. 5 6. znzan t-tumubil. THE VERB “USED TO” Used to ikkattin ‫إينّاتّين‬ nkki kkittin ٓ ٍ ّ‫وٍّؽز‬ ً ّ‫ ٴى‬nkni nkkattin ٓ ٍ ّ‫ٴىّبر‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴى‬ More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. 3 4. d-drs ityara. 1 2. Practice: Exercise: put the sentences below in the passive form.com . 1. The dresses were bought. l-ksawi twasġant. The students understood fhmn t-tlamd l-luġz. swiġ aman. understood. l-ktub tyakarn. 6 3. ijrн Omar adadns s l-mus. tsbbn Nadya l-нwayjns. The riddle was l-luġz itwafham. the riddle. The thief stole the books. 4 5. yura нassan d-drs. l‫ع‬bn takurt idgam. kra n yan ikra tigmmi yad. yukr umxxar l-ktub. Fatima bought three tsġa fatima krat l-ksawi. dresses. 2 3. The books were stolen. TashlHeet  215 Examples: Hassan wrote the lesson.

1. He used to work in this ikkatin ar itxdam ġ hospital.com . 3 4.  Singular participle (3rd person (m. present). l‫ع‬bn takurt idgam. tafransist mzyan. VERB PARTICIPLES Verb participles are adjectives derived from verbs. I used to smoke a lot. you. he) or tense (past. 5 6. 2 3. like all adjectives. 1 2. kkiġtin ar kmmiġ bzzaf. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. s) past tense + n). s-sbitar ad. They used to speak kkantin ar sawaln French very well. 4 5.216  Peace Corps/Morocco Kyyi/kmmi tkkittin /ًّ ٍ ‫ و‬knni tkkamttin ٓ ٍ ّ‫رىٍّز‬ ٓ ٍ ّ‫ىبِز‬ ّ ‫ر‬ ً ّٕ ‫و‬ ًّ ّ‫و‬ ntta ikkattin ٓ ٍ ‫إٌىّبر‬ ‫ ٴزّب‬knninti tkkamttint ‫ىبِزّ ٍ ٕ ذ‬ ّ ‫ر‬ ً ‫و ّٕ ٍٕز‬ nttat tkkattin ٓ ٍ ّ‫رىّبر‬ ‫ ٴزّب د‬ntni kkanttin ٓ ٍ ّ‫وّبٴز‬ ً ٕ ‫ٴز‬ ntnti kkanttint ‫وّبٴزّ ٍ ٕ ذ‬ ً ‫ٴزّٕز‬ Examples: I used to swim a lot. Practice: Exercise: put the sentences below in the passive form. Intransitive verbs have only an active participle. but not in person (I. 6 4. Transitive verbs have two participles. an active and a passive participle. They agree in gender and number. kkiġtin ar t‫ع‬umġ bzzaf. ijrн Omar adadns s l-mus. znzan t-tumubil. swiġ aman. kra n yan ikra tigmmi yad. tsbbn Nadya l-нwayjns.

TashlHeet  217 3rd person (m. 3rd person (m. s) Verb Participle form past tense To talk sawl isawl isawln To sleep gn ign ignn To be g iga igan To give fk ifka ifkan To take asi yusi yusin To send azn yuzn yuznn To do skr iskr iskrn To steal akr yukr yukrn To break rz irza irzan To see zr izra izran To eat išš išš iššan  Plural participle (past tense + in). p) Verb Participle form past tense To talk sawl sawln sawlnin To sleep gn gnn gnnin To be g gan ganin To give fk fkan fkanin To take asi usin usinin To send azn uznn uznin To do skr skrn skrnin To steal akr ukrn ukrnin More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com .

com . p) Participle form Nice нlan нlanin Ugly/bad xšnn xšnin Old/big mqqurn mqqurnin Small/young mzziyn mzziynin Tall/long ġzzifn gzzifnin Short gzzuln gzzulnin Hot rġan rġanin Cold brrdn brrdnin More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. s) Participle form Nice iнla iнlan Ugly/bad ixšn ixšn Old/big imqqur imqqurn Small/young imzzy imzzyn Tall/long iġzzif igzzifn Short igzzul igzzuln Hot irġa irġan Cold ibrrd ibrrdn Rare idrus idrusn Adjective Adjective 3rd person (m.218  Peace Corps/Morocco To break rz rzan rzanin To see zr zran zranin To eat išš ššan ššanin Adjectives form their participle in the same way: Adjective Adjective 3rd person (m.

supply the proper formof the participle of the verb or adjective written in parentheses. iнla) 3 4. ma (sawl) sul d l-austad nk? 1 2. riġ imik n waman (irġa) 4 5. TashlHeet  219 Rare drusn drusnin Examples: Which one is yours? manwa igan wink? Who robbed the bank? ma yukrn l-banka? Who broke the glass of ma yrzan j-jaj n š-šrjm the window? ad? Who has eaten my pizza? ma yššan l-ppitzanu? Who took the money ma yusin l-flus ġ from the wallet? l-bztam? I bought a nice rug. Practice: Exercise: in the sentences below. 1. Give me a cold coke. timġarin ad (igzul. manwa gitun (fk) l-flus i нmid? 6 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. ‫ع‬afak. manwa (azn) tabrat ad i l-mudir? 2 3. ma (snu) imkliy ad? 5 6. fkiyyi yat kuka ibrdn please.com . sġiġ yat tzrbit iнlan.

based on lunar computation. based on solar computation. This calendar is used for religious purposes in Morocco.  RELIGIOUS HOLIDAYS There are both religious and civil holidays in Morocco. is used for civil purposes. Women and girls have henna parties and come out of their houses to celebrate.220  Peace Corps/Morocco MOROCCAN HOLIDAYS Holidays in Morocco are extremely important and festive occasions.com . The Gregorian calendar. This calendar is called the Hegiran calendar because its starting point was the hegira. when Mohamed fled from Mecca in 622 of the Gregorian calendar. Special sweets and foods are washed down by glass after glass of mint tea as everyone gets caught up in the socializing and celebrating. Visitors are entertained and gifts are exchanged among friends. Particular religious rites are performed. These thirty-year cycles consist of nineteen years of 354 days and eleven years of 355 days. Thus. This is the calendar Westerners generally use. divides the year into twelve months which reoccur in varying relationship to the Gregorian year and complete their cycle every thirty years of 355 days. the Islamic calendar gains 10 to 11 days a year on the Gregorian year. Transcription Month Arabic Festivals Name st 10th of the month: 1 muнarram ta‫ﻉ‬šurt / am‫ﻉ‬šur 2nd safar 12th of the month: ‫ﻉ‬id 3rd rabi‫ ﻉ‬l-luwl l-mulud 4th rabi‫ ﻉ‬t-tani 5th jumada l-luwla 6th jumada t-tanya 7th rajab 8th š‫ﻉ‬ban 9th ramadan More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. The Islamic calendar.

TashlHeet  221 st 1 of the month: l-‫ﻉ‬id 10th šuwal mzzin 11th du l-qi‫ﻉ‬da th 10th of the month: l- 12 du l-нijja ‫ﻉ‬id mqqurn / tafaska Here are sescriptions of the major festivals:  t‫ﻉ‬ašurt / am‫ﻉ‬šur muнarram. it commemorates the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali. heaven and hell.” Cow. sheep. Visits to the graves of relatives and alms-giving are common at this time. since there is “baraka” (blessings) from those fires. to which purificatory and other beneficial effects are ascribed. The chief object of the rite is to purify men and animals or to protect them from evil influences. and is a day for mourning. also Aashoora and other spellings) is on the 10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar and marks the climax of the Remembrance of Muharram but not the Islamic month.com . the prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) was born and the Ka'ba was built in Mecca. goat. the grandson of Muhammad at the Battle of Karbala in the year 61 AH (AD 680). “Who give the plenty to his household on the t‫ع‬ašurt day. This day. Ashura is also commemorated by Muslims as the traditional date on which Noah's ark came to rest. bullock. which was held by the Jews of Medina Good food has a place in the rejoicing of t‫ع‬ašurt. “the bonfire night” fires are built throughout the town and the people sing and dance around them. and eggs are fixed according to local custom. For Shi'a Muslims. and life and death on the 10th. It is said that Allah created Adam and Eve. is in Morocco called ayyur t‫ﻉ‬ašurt. God will bestow plenty upon him throughout the remainder of the year. dried dates. the month of the t‫ﻉ‬ašurt. Of great interest are the fire and water rites practiced at t‫ع‬ašurt. called as t‫ﻉ‬ašurt is the Islamic New Year‟s Day. The Day of Ashura (‫ عبغىراء‬translit: ašura. the first month of the Islamic year. in accordance with the traditional saying of the Prophet. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. Ashura corresponds to the Jewish festival of Yom Kippur. It has derived this name from the feast on the tenth day of the month. On t‫ع‬ašurt eve.

and are given gifts during this holiday. laylatu l-qadr. It is said to be one of the odd nights—the 21st. the imam (the prayer leader) reads the Koran. The complete Koran is read before the sun rises. This night is one of the last ten nights of Ramadan. and those who are ill are exempt from fasting. celebrate and make what is called “the small pilgrimage” to nearby saints‟ tombs. The most important feature of Ramadan is the complete abstinence from food. there is one night in Ramadan which is more important than any other.com . menstruating women. the third month of the Islamic year is called ayyur l-mulud. but should make it up at a later date. On the night of the 27th. In Meknes the Aissaoua brotherhood has its own unique celebration worth seeing. 25th. They dress-up. Children are traditionally involved in this festival.  laylatu l-qadr Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic year. Every Muslim who has reached the age of puberty must fast. The Prophet‟s Birthday has more significance in Morocco because Morocco is a Kingdom rather than a republic. dance. The anniversary is brilliantly celebrated at the Imperial Palace in Rabat and in the evening in Sale a great procession of candles takes place. It is a general belief that there is baraka in all water on this morning. From sundown to daybreak. Followers of the holy man. l-hadi Ben Aissa throng to Meknes and play music.222  Peace Corps/Morocco Similar effects are attributed to the water rites which even more frequently are practiced on the following morning. drink and sexual activity from daybreak to sunset. 27th. “the night of power. travelers. 23rd. the month of the mulud. and in many cases it was expressly said that it must be done before sunrise. These names are given because of the feast celebrating the birth of the Prophet which commences on the twelfth day of the month and lasts for several days. It is believed by some that the sky will open up during this night and wishes will ascend directly to Allah and be More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. or 29th—and in Morocco it is celebrated on the 27th day. but its exact date has not been discovered by anyone but the Prophet himself. namely.” The Koran is sent down to the Prophet on that night. The mulud is a particularly blessed month and all children born during it are considered fortunate.  ‫ﻉ‬id l-mulud In Morocco. Pregnant women. and King Mohamed VI is a descendant of the Prophet. To take a bath on the morning of the t‫ع‬ašurt day is a very wide-spread custom. According Islam. play small drums. the Muslims go to the mosque to pray.

On the second day. and lungs are eaten. a three-day festival ensue in which alms-giving plays a major role. comparable to and derived from the feast of the atonement. Gifts are exchanged between family members and a portion of More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com . the head and feet can be eaten on the first day if that is the local custom. Those who cannot afford a sheep buy a lamb or another less expensive animal. henna is also applied to domestic animals. the liver. In Morocco it is known as l-‫ﻉ‬id mqqurn or “the great feast. Alms-giving and prayer are two other purification rites practiced during the great feast. However.” Everyone stays up very late to hear the announcement that the new moon has been sighted and Ramadan and fasting are over. or “the little feast. Every family must have its own sheep just as Americans need turkeys for the proper celebration of Thanksgiving.  l-‫ﻉ‬id mqqurn / tafaska On the tenth day of the month du l-нijja. on the first day. Each family gives part of the meal to the poor. Men and boys visit the barber and often make a trip to the hammam as well. During the night. People must purify and sanctify themselves in order to benefit from the holy feast and its sacrifice. Abraham‟s substitute sacrifice. TashlHeet  223 granted.” This is the central feast in Islam. the head of the family kills the sheep (sometimes a butcher is asked to come to the house and perform the ritual). Hence. The chief religious rite of the feast is a prayer service at the mosque in the morning. stomach. Women paint their hands with it and. Henna is used as a cosmetic. For example. also their feet. special meals of couscous are prepared and brought to the mosques. the last month of the year. the animal cannot be slain until the King has killed his sheep. heart. There are purification and sanctification customs and rites that prepare the people for the holy feast and its principal feature. The sheep is eaten in an orderly fashion determined by local custom. the sacrifice. Then in each household. in many cases. Personal cleanliness should be observed. Those unable to go to the mosque eat specially prepared meals at home. normally the head and feet are eaten.  l-‫ﻉ‬id mzzin / amzyan Immediately following Ramadan is l-‫ﻉ‬id mzzin. In Morocco.id. Among some ethnic groups. and each family does the best it can and it is given just the day of l. the animal sacrificed must be mature and without blemish. When it has officially been sighted. the Islamic world celebrates its yearly sacrificial feast. The alms (zakat l-fitr) usually consist of food items like wheat or barley.

1956 return of Mohamed V from his French-imposed exile in Madagascar. those who went on the actual march once again dress up in green and re-enact the march. The Festival of the Throne. the Throne feast.  NATIONAL HOLIDAYS In addition to the religious holidays. the first Moroccan marchers. For a very famous marabou‟s moussem.  MOUSSEMS Many Moroccan communities commemorate local saints. There are many organized celebrations in Rabat and broadcasts on the radio praising the King. There is often a special emphasis on improving the appearance of the town prior to this holiday. whitewash their houses. who are expected to feed and house them for the duration of the festival. set out from Tarfaya and entered the Spanish territory. 1999. under the leadership of the then Prime Minister Ahmed Osman. This day commemorates one of the greatest achievements of King Hassan II: the mobilization of 350. Many towns have their own moussems known only to those in the region. On November 6. The day begins with prayer. and townspeople are sometimes required by government officials to paint their doors. or ‫ﻉ‬id l-istiqlal. making appearances. Some very famous moussems celebrate Moulay Bouchaib (near El Jadida). some important civil holidays commemorating significant events in Morocco‟s recent history are celebrated. and Moulay Idriss (Fes). Green March Day is also celebrated by large parades in most of Morocco. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. and display flags. During the celebration. like the governor. August 21.224  Peace Corps/Morocco the meal is given to the poor.com . Traditionally during this holiday.” Most moussems are held near the tomb of the marabou and involve music.000 Moroccans for the march into the Sahara territory. commemorates the November 18. This festival commemorates the coming to power of the King on July 30. The most important of these are Independence Day. Moulay Ya‫ع‬qub (Fes). 1962. Moulay Brahim (near Marrakech). Independence Day. people will come from very far away. The chief praying ceremony takes place in the morning at the mosque. Green March Day. The last of these major national holidays celebrates the King‟s Birthday. is the biggest of the civil holidays. or ‫ﻉ‬id l-‫ﻉ‬rš. and King Mohamed‟s birthday. 1975. dancing and fantasia. or “marabous. Celebrations including parades with nationalistic anthems usually occur in the cities with local government officials. country people come to visit their city relatives.” in a yearly festival or “moussem. City employees clean streets and paint walls. This day gives rise to receptions at the Imperial Palace and parades and celebrations all over Morocco.

For example. One of the most interesting festivals in Morocco is the re-enactment of an ancient market in the High Atlas Mountains. the Marrakech Folklore and Music Festival. Some famous regional festivals are the Cherry Festival in Sefrou. and have fun. Religious. The product is displayed and sold. and participation. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. these very isolated High Atlas tribes would gather yearly at a specific point near Imilchil where many mountain paths met for the yearly “market. a far greater emphasis is put on Green March Day than in other sections of Morocco because that province provided the first contingent for the march. so you can get as involved as possible and enjoy the holidays. but people in your community will usually provide you with the information about your region. but in any case. it is a large market where many Berbers still buy many of the coming year‟s provisions. Dates of these celebrations can be obtained from the national tourist office branches in many cities. in Errachidia Province. music and other activities take place in an atmosphere similar to a country fair. At one time. entertaining. Some say this practice still exists and others say it is just a re-enactment for tourists. Be sure to check out the expectations of your community for a particular holiday. meet people on an informal basis. gift-giving. Men would meet a girl for the first time and pay her dowry then take her home. the Date Festival in Erfoud.com .” Provisions for many months were bought and sold and at one time one of the reasons for coming was to acquire a bride. particularly in terms of visitation. and the Immouzer Idawtanan Honey Festival (near Agadir). and regional festivals are an excellent chance to get out and see interesting things. It should be noted that the same festival may be celebrated somewhat differently in various sections of the country. the Rose Festival in El-Kelaat M‟Gouna (near Ouarzazate). TashlHeet  225  REGIONA L FESTIVALS There are also many regional festivals which are centered around a particular product in which a region specializes. civil.

to be sdd‫ع‬ tsdda‫ع‬ sdd‫ع‬ 1 Annoy jawb tjawab jawb 1 Answer bayn tbiyan bayn 1 Appear нbs tнbas нbs 1 Arrest (sb) lkm tlkam lkm 1 Arrive More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. A English Simple Continuous Past tense stem Past tense imperative imperative pattern (infinitive) qbl tqbal qbl 1 Accept Accompany mun tmun mun 1 (so) myar timyar/ myar 1 Accustom timyur zayd tziyad zayd 1 Add ksud tiksad/ ksud 1 Afraid.226  Peace Corps/Morocco GLOSSARY OF VERBS This glossary provides both the present tense and the past tense conjugations for the subject “I”.com . making it possible for to determine how to conjugate verbs of the second category. tiksud to be ttafq ttafaq ttafq 1 Agree (with) qllq tqllaq qllq 1 Angry.

(in marriage) rkkb trkkab rkkb 1 Assemble (parts) hjm thjam hjm 1 Attack нadr tнadar нadr 1 Attend B tflla tflla tflla 1 Banter tнmmim tнmmam tнmmim 1 Bathe g tgga g 2 Be nru tnru nr 2 Beat sb (in game) ddukl tdukkl ddukl 1 Befriend dalb tdalab dalb 1 Beg bdu bddu/ bd 2 Begin tbdu sgrr‫ع‬ sgrra‫ع‬ sgrr‫ع‬ 1 Belch Burb amn ttamn umn 1 Believe (sb) amn s ttamn s amn s 1 Believe in More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. TashlHeet  227 slkm slkam slkm 1 Arrive.com . to make ġli aqlay ġli 1 Ascend saqsa saqsa saqsa 1 Ask siggl siggil siggl 1 Ask.

to give bbi tbbi bbi 1 Bite ssuf tssuf ssuf 1 Blow up (with air) bbaqqi tbbaqqay bbaqqi 1 Blow up (explode) ssis tssis ssis 1 Boil lul tlul lul 2 Born.com . to be rdl rttl rdl 1 Borrow sllf tsllaf sllf 1 knu knnu kn 2 Bow rz rzza rz 2 Break sunfs sunfus sunfs 1 Breathe awid ttawid iwi _ d 1 Bring mšd tmšad mšd 1 Brush (hair) bnu bnnu bn 2 Build Hrg/ tнrag/ ‫گ‬ Нrg 1 Burn jdr jddr jdr stġ tstaġ stġ 1 Burst (a pipe) More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.228  Peace Corps/Morocco stafd stafad stafd 1 Benefit (from) xun txun xun 1 Betray aru ttaru uru 1 Birth.

to be in ġuššu tġuššu ġušš 2 Cheat nql tnqal nql 1 Cheat (exam) More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. to take asi ttasi usi 1 Carry nqš tnqqaš nqš 1 Carve (wood) srrf tsrraf srrf 1 Cash amz ttamz umz 1 Catch sbbeb tsbbab sbbeb 1 Cause bddl tbddal bddl 1 Change srrf tsrraf srrf 1 Change (money) badl tbddal badl 1 Change (weather) Charge tkllf s tkllaf s tkllf s 1 of.com . to be xiym txiyam xiym 1 Camp amz ttamz umz 1 Capture thlla thlla thlla 1 Care of. TashlHeet  229 mdl tmdal mdl 1 Bury sġ ssaġ sġ 1 Buy C ġr i aqra ġr 2 Call hddn thddan hddn 1 Calm.

nufl tnuful nufl 1 to be snufl snuful snufl 1 Crazy.230  Peace Corps/Morocco fzz tfzz fzz 1 Chew sti stti sti 1 Choose sndu sndaw snd 2 Churn snqi snqay snq 2 Clean ġli aqllay ġli 1 Climb qqn tqqn qqn 1 Close sbrrd sbrrad sbrrd 1 Cold.com . to make tbbi bbi 1 Cross bbi More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. to make smun smunu smun 1 Collect aštka f ttaštka aštka f 1 Complain f about kmml tkmmal kmml 1 Complet xrbq txrbaq xrbq 1 Confuse mšiwir d tmšiwir mšiwir d 1 Consult d (with) ttasl ttasal ttasl 1 Contact snu snwa snu 2 Cook t‫ع‬awn t‫ع‬awan t‫ع‬awn 1 Cooperate with (d) ttusu ttusu ttusu 1 Cough нasb tнasab нasb 1 Count Crazy.

jji tjji jji ً ّ‫ج‬ 1 to be Cut bbi tbbi bbi ً ّ‫ث‬ 1 Cut (hair) нssn tнssan нssn ٓ ّ‫دط‬ 1 Cut fssl tfssal ‫رفصّبي‬ fssl 1 (a pattern from cloth) D Damage ssxsr ssxsar ‫ّخصبر‬ ‫ض‬ sxsar 1 Dance štн ‫غؽخ‬ tštaн štн 1 rkz ‫روس‬ trkaz ‫رروبز‬ rkz ‫روس‬ 1 naqs tnaqas naqs 1 Decrease hdu hddu hd 2 Dedicate nru tnru nr 2 Defeat daf‫ ع‬f tdafa‫ ع‬f daf f 1 Defend smatl smatal smatl 1 Delay нrm tнram нrm 1 Deprive ggz tggiz ggz 1 Descend More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. to make dawa tddwa dawa 1 Cure Cured.com . TashlHeet  231 road lqqm tlqqam lqqm 1 Cross- breed alla alla alla 2 Cry ssalla ssalla ssull 2 Cry.

to make srku srkaw srk 2 Dirty.232  Peace Corps/Morocco wsf ttusaf wsf 1 Describe staнqqa tstaнqqa staнqqa 1 Deserve mmut f tmtat f mmut f 1 Desire strongly xlu xllu xl 2 Destroy ssufġ ssufuġ ssufġ 1 Develop (film) mmut tmtat mmut 1 Die mxillif tmxillif mxillif 1 Differ (from) ġza qqaz ġz 1 Dig rku trku rk 2 Dirty. to get ġbr tġbar ġbr 1 Disappear rbba/ trbba/ rbba/ 1 Discipline rbbu trbbu rbbu jmm‫ع‬a tjmma‫ع‬ jmm‫ع‬ 1 Discuss (a topic) (ur) нml (ur) (ur) нml 1 Dislike (use ttiнmal negative) Dissolve sduwb sduwab sduwb 1 sth bdu bddu/ bd 2 Divide attu tllq ttllaq tllq 1 Divorce duwx tduwax duwx 1 Dizzy. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com .

to make skr skar skr 1 Do jurru tjurru jurru 1 Drag agm ttagm ugm 1 Draw up (water from well) warg twarga warg 1 Dream ls lssa ls 2 Dress tfrks tfrkas tfrks 1 Dress up (slang) su ssa sw 2 Drink ssu sswa ssw 2 Drink. to make sug tswag sug 1 Drive sdr/ sdar/ sdr/ 1 Drop up luH tluH luH ġrq tġraq ġrq 1 Drown skr tskar skr 1 Drunk.com . zzwu zggu zw 2 to get jffif tjffif jffif 1 Dry (a wet floor) sbġ tsbaġ sbġ 1 Dye More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. to get Dry. TashlHeet  233 to get sduwx sduwax sduwx 1 Dizzy.

234  Peace Corps/Morocco E suwr tsuwar suwr 1 Earn (money) srxu srxaw srx 2 Easy.com . to make išš štta šš 2 Eat fdr tfdar fdr 1 Eat breakfast qtasd tqtasad qtasd 1 Economize ntaxb tntaxab ntaxb 1 Elect sнššm sнššam sнššm 1 Embarrass (sb) нššm tнššam нššm 1 Embarrassed. to be ‫ع‬nng t‫ع‬nnag ‫ع‬nng 1 Embrace slm tslam slm 1 Embrace Islam hajr thajar hajr 1 Emigrate muddu tmuddu muddu xwu txwu xw 2 Empty šjj‫ع‬ tšjja‫ع‬ šjj‫ع‬ 1 Encourage brr‫ع‬ tbrra‫ع‬ brr‫ع‬ 1 Enjoy sth tsjjl tsjjal tsjjl 1 Enroll kšm kššm kšm 1 Enter нsd tнsad нsd 1 Envy mнu tmннay mн 2 Erase rwl rggl rwl 1 Escape More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

to make luH tluH luH 1 zwwr tzwwar zwwr 1 Fake skuzzi skuzzi skuzzi 1 Fart zwwr tzwwar zwwr 1 Falsify azum ttazum azum 1 Fast ksud ttiksud ksud 1 Fear swaš swašša swaš 1 Feed Hssu tHssu Hss 2 Feel xmmr sxmar xmmr 1 Ferment mmaġ tmmaġ mmaġ 1 Fight (physically) ‫ع‬mmr t‫ع‬mmar ‫ع‬mmr 1 Fill More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com . TashlHeet  235 qddr tqddar qddr 1 Estimate sbadl sbaddal sbadl 1 Exchange fġ tffaġ fġ 1 Exit jrrb tjrrab jrrb 1 Experience xsr txsar xsr 1 Expire F mgabal tmgabal mgabal 1 Face srxu srxaw srx 2 Facilitate Faint sxf tsxaf sxf 1 dr ttar dr 1 Fall sdr sdar sdr 1 Fall.

to be fjjij tfjjij fjjij 1 Fun.236  Peace Corps/Morocco qwwm tqwwam qwwm 1 Finance af ttafa uf 2 Find kmml tkmmal kmml 1 Finish sawb tsawab sawb 1 Fix slн tslaн slн 1 alġ ttalġ alġ 1 Flatter (a female) rwl rggl rwl 1 Flee sgllb sgllab sgllb 1 Flip ayyl ttaylal uyyl 1 Fly ffarri tfarray ffarri 1 tab‫ع‬ ttaba‫ع‬ tab‫ع‬ 1 Follow mn‫ع‬ tmna‫ع‬ mn‫ع‬ 2 Forbid zwwr tzwwar zwwr 1 Forge (signature) ttu tettu ttu 1 Forget samн tsamaн samн 1 Forgive tlq ttluq tlq 1 Free qli tqllay qli 1 Fry Full šba‫ع‬ tšbaa‫ع‬ šba‫ع‬ 1 (of food). to have nšt tnšat nšt 1 G More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com .

com . TashlHeet  237 rbн trbaн rbн 1 Gain qmmr tqmmar qmmr 1 Gamble smun smunu smun 1 Gather jtam‫ع‬ tjtama‫ع‬ jtam‫ع‬ 1 Gather squrri squrri squrri 1 Gaze amz ttamz umz 1 Get gz tgz gz 1 Get down ġli aqlay ġli 1 Get on mrd tmrad mrd 1 Get sick nkr nkkr nkr 1 Get up myar ttimyar myar 1 Get used to fk akka fk 2 Give slkm slkam slkm 1 Give a ride Give xtb txtab xtb 1 a speech rar trara rur 2 Give back lssq tlssaq lssq 1 Glue ddu tddu dd 2 Go zwur zgguru zwur 1 Go ahead of (In front of) zri zray zri 1 Go by fġ tfaġ fġ 1 Go out More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

238  Peace Corps/Morocco zri ġ rzay ġ zri 1 Go through ġli aqlay ġli 1 Go up sawl f Sawal f Sawl f 1 Gossip нkm tнkam нkm 1 Govern amz ttamz umz 1 Grab ks kssa ks 2 Graze sllm tsllam sllm 1 Greet šwu tšwu šwu 1 Grill Grind zda zzad zd 1 dmn tdman dmn 1 Guarantee ‫ع‬sses t‫ع‬ssas ‫ع‬sses 1 Guard H zzri zzray zzri 1 Hand agl ttagl ugl 1 Hang fsr tfsar fsr 1 Hang to dry wq‫ع‬ tuqa‫ع‬ wq‫ع‬ 1 Happen jru tjru ijra 2 frн tfraн frн 1 Happy. to be sfrн sfraн sfrн 1 Happy.com . to make mgr mggr mgr 1 Harvest More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

. TashlHeet  239 tfqqs tfqqas tfqqs 1 Hatch krh tkrah krh 2 Hate dar . 1 Have sfld sflid sfld 1 Hear srġ srqqa srġ 2 Heat ‫ع‬awn t‫ع‬awan ‫ع‬awn 1 Help snfi snfay snfi 1 Hide sth Hdu tHdu Hd 1 Hide (oneself) Hire kru krru kr 2 (a car) ut kkat ut 1 Hit ttut . ttut 1 Hit. .com . to make qlld tqllad qlld 1 Imitate bzzez tbzzaz bzzez 1 Impose More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. to be amz ttamz umz 1 Hold tmnna tmnna tmnna 1 Hope ‫ع‬nnq t‫ع‬nnaq ‫ع‬nnq 1 Hug gummr gummr gummr 1 Hunt Hurry zrb tzrab zrb 1 I smrid smrad smrid 1 Ill.

com .240  Peace Corps/Morocco zayd tzayyad zayd 1 Increase ‫ع‬ada t‫ع‬ada ‫ع‬ada 1 Infect ‫ع‬lm t‫ع‬lam ‫ع‬lm 1 Inform wrt twrat wrt 1 Inherit jrн tjraн jrн 1 Injure skšm skšam skšm 1 Install rkkb trkkab rkkb 1 ‫ع‬ayr t‫ع‬iyar ‫ع‬ayr 1 Insult ‫ع‬rd t‫ع‬rad ‫ع‬rd 1 Invite Irrigate ssu sswa ssw 2 sqlq sqllaq sqlq 1 Irritate qllq tqllaq qllq 1 Irritated. to be J tssa tssa tssa 1 Joke tflla tflla tflla 1 нkm tнkam нkm 1 Judge rqqz trqqaz rqqz 1 Jump K gabl tgabal gabl 1 Keep (house) ut kkat ut 1 Kick (ball) ssudn ssudun ssudn 1 Kiss More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

com . to be smatl smatal smatl 1 Late. to make tssa tssa tssa 1 Laugh ssadsa ssadsa ssadsa 1 Laugh. TashlHeet  241 ‫ع‬jn t‫ع‬jan ‫ع‬jn 1 Knead ssn ttisan ssn 1 Know L matl tmatal matl 1 Late. to make srs srus srs 1 Lay down sdr sdar sdr 1 t‫ع‬llm t‫ع‬llam t‫ع‬llm 1 Learn fġ tffaġ fġ 1 Leave rнl trнal rнl 1 Leave (city) sllf tsllaf sllf 1 Lend rdl rttl rdl 1 ajj ttaj ujj 2 Let xxa txxa xxa 1 skirkis skirkis skirkis 1 Lie skdub skdub skdub 1 asi ttasi usi 1 Lift ssrġ ssrġ ssrġ 1 Light ‫ع‬jb t‫ع‬jab ‫ع‬jb 1 Like zdġ tzdaġ zdġ 1 Live More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

242  Peace Corps/Morocco (reside) rgl rggl rgl 1 Lock zr zrra zr 2 Look gabl tgabal gabl 1 Look after rwas trwas rwas 1 Look alike нgr tнgar нgr 1 Look down qllb s tqllab s qllb s 1 Look for Look bayn tbayyan bayn 1 like zund agg ttagga ug 2 Look out (window) jlu jllu jl 2 Lose iri ttiri ri 1 Love mmut f tmtat f mmut f 1 zzugz zzuguz zzugz 1 Lower naqs tnaqqas naqs 1 M skr skar skr 1 Make krfs tkrfas krfs 1 Maltreat (destroy) tнkkm tнkkam tнkkm 1 Manipulate sn‫ع‬ tsna‫ع‬ sn‫ع‬ 1 Manufacture tahl ttahal tahl 1 Marry stahl stahal stahl 1 Marry off More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com .

com . to make O bzziz tbzzaz bzziz 1 Oblige More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. ġlt tġlat ġlt 1 to make xld txlad xld 1 Mix smas smassa smus 2 Move (sth) mmas tmassa mmus 2 Move rнl trнal rнl 1 Move (residence) nġ nqqa nġ 2 Murder N нtajja tнtajja нtajja 1 Need sdd‫ع‬ tsdda‫ع‬ sdd‫ع‬ 1 Noise. TashlHeet  243 (daughter) kssl tkssal kssl 1 Massage (Hammam) ‫ع‬br t‫ع‬bar ‫ع‬br 1 Measure mnaggar tmnaggar mnaggar 1 Meet maqqar tmaqqar maqqar 1 dwwb tdwwab dwwb 1 Melt fsi fssi fsi 1 нfd tнfad нfd 1 Memorize zzig tzzig zzig 1 Milk Mistake.

to be xlls txllas xlls 1 Pay txlls txllas txlls 1 Paid. to be qššr tqššar qššr 1 Peel samн tsamaн samн 1 Permit swwr tswwar swwr 1 Photograph More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.244  Peace Corps/Morocco hdu thdu hd 2 Offer rzm rzzm rzm 1 Open ftн tftaн ftн 1 Operate (surgical) ‫ع‬ddb t‫ع‬ddab ‫ع‬ddb 1 Oppress dalb tdalab dalb 1 Order (sth) amr ttamr umr 1 Order (so) tfar tfar tfar 1 Owe mlk tmlak mlk 1 Own P smun smun smun 1 Pack sbġ tsbaġ sbġ 1 Paint šark tšarak šark 1 Participate zri zray zri 1 Pass njн tnjaн njн 1 Pass (exam) sbr tsbar sbr 1 Patient.com .

TashlHeet  245 tswwr tswwar tswwr 1 Pgatograph. More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. to be sfis sfssa sfis 1 Quit.com . to be kks tkks kks 1 Pick (light fruit) sgudi sguduy sgudi 1 Pile up zzu tzzu zz 2 Plant l‫ع‬b tl‫ع‬ab l‫ع‬b 1 Play krz kkrz krz 1 Plow ttaf tttf ttaf 1 Possess ffi tffi ffi 1 Pour zzal tzalla zzul 1/ 2 Pray zwar tzwar zwar 1 Precede sujad sujad sujad 1 Prepare tb‫ع‬ ttba‫ع‬ tb‫ع‬ 1 Print mn‫ع‬ tmna‫ع‬ mn‫ع‬ 1 Prohibit zbr tzbar zbr 1 Prune jbd tjbad jbd 1 Pull tнi tнay tнi 1 Push Put srs srus srs 1 Q zi tzi zi 1 Quarrel fs tfis fs 1 Quit.

com .246  Peace Corps/Morocco to make R all talla ull 2 Raise lkm lkkm lkm 1 Reach ġr aqra ġr 2 Read amz ttamz umz 1 Receive (letter) akz ttakz ukz 1 Recognize sjjl tsjjal sjjl 1 Record naqs tnaqqas naqs 1 Reduce agi ttagi agi 1 Refuse ndm tndam ndm 1 Regret frн tfraн frн 1 Rejoice sunfu tsunfu sunf 2 Relax tlq ttluq tlq 1 Release ‫ع‬uwl t‫ع‬uwal ‫ع‬uwl 1 Rely on ġama tġama ġama 1 Remain qama tqama qama 1 ‫ع‬aql t‫ع‬aqal ‫ع‬aql 1 Remember kti ktti kti 1 skti sktay skti 1 Remind kks tkks kks 1 Remove jdded tjdded jdded 1 Renew kru krru kr 2 Rent More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

to go нukku tнukku нukk 2 Rub azzl ttazzal uzl 1 Run More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com . TashlHeet  247 ‫ع‬dl t‫ع‬dal ‫ع‬dl 1 Repair ‫ع‬awd t‫ع‬awad ‫ع‬awd 1 Repeat tub ttub tub 1 Repent jawb tjawab jawb 1 Reply dalb tdalab dalb 1 Request rwas trwas rwas 1 Resemble staql staqal staql 1 Resign нtarm tнtaram нtarm 1 Respect jawb tjawab jawb 1 Respond sunfu tsunfu sunf 2 Rest wrri turri wrri 1 Return (to place) rar trara rur 2 Return (sth) ni tnay ni 1 Ride slil slili slil 1 Rinse ġli aqlay ġli 1 Rise (sun) Rise nkr nkkr nkr 1 (wake up) xsr txsar xsr 1 Rot dwwr tdwwar dwwr 1 Round.

com .248  Peace Corps/Morocco rwl rggl rwl 1 Run away zrb tzrab zrb 1 Rush S qn‫ع‬ tqna‫ع‬ qn‫ع‬ 1 Satisfy нbu нbbu hb 2 Save smun smunu smun 1 Save (money) ini ttini nni 2 Say kmz kkmz kmz 1 Scratch sġuyu sġuyu sġuy 1 Sceam ziyr tziyyar ziyr 2 Screw zr zrra zr 2 See mmzr tmzra mmzr 2 See one another znz znza znz 2 Sell azn ttazn uzn 1 Send bdu attu/ bd 2 Separate tbdu ruн truн ruH 1 Set (sun) rkkb trkkab rkkb 1 Set up gnu gnu gn 2 Sew rgig trgig rgig 1 Shake (palsy) sllm d tsllam d sllm d 1 Shake hands More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

TashlHeet  249 with ssus tsus ssus 1 Shake out bdu attu/ bd 2 Share tbdu ks kssa ks 2 Shepherd tswwq tswwaq tswwq 1 Shop (weekly market) qdu tqdu qd 2 Shop (food) sġuyu sġuyu sġuy 1 Shout ml mmala ml 2 Show dwwš tdwwaš tdwwaš 1 Shower qqn tqqn qqn 1 Shut fs tfssa fs 1 Shut up ssif ssifif ssif 1 Sift нuws tнuwas нuws 1 Sightsee sni snay sni 1 Sign ssrxu ssrxaw ssrx 2 Simplify irir ttirir rir 1 Sing ġrq tġraq ġrq 1 Sink skkiws tskkiwis skkiws 1 Sit gawr tgawar gawr / 1 ggiwr azu ttazu uz 2 Skin ssiki tssiki ssiki 1 Skip mrrq tmrraq mrrq 1 Slap More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com .

com . to make zlg tzlag zlg 1 Slip jllx tjllax jllx 1 Smear kdu tkdu kd 2 Smell Smell.250  Peace Corps/Morocco (face) ġrs aqqrus ġrs 1 Slaughter gn ggan gn 1 Sleep sgn sgan sgn 1 Sleep. jju tjju jj 2 to be kmi kmmi kmi 1 Smoke lHHm tlHHam lHHm 1 Solder sawl sawal sawl 1 Speak txsses txssas txsses 1 Specialize srrf tsrraf srrf 1 Spend (money) kl klla kl 2 Spend (day) ns nssa ns 2 Spend (night) zzri zzray zzri 1 Spend (time) llm tllm llm 1 Spin ssufs ssufus ssufs 1 Spit ruš truššu ruš 1 Splash bidd tbddad bidd 1 Stand More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

TashlHeet  251 bdu bddu bd 2 Start skkiws tskkiws skkiws 1 Stay ggawr tgawar ggawr 1 shr tshar shr 1 Stay up late akr ttakr ukr 1 Steal akl ttakl ukl 1 Stepon qqs tqqs qqs 1 Sting jju tjju jj 2 Stink нrrk sнrrak нrrk 1 Stir bidd tbddad bidd 1 Stop нbs tнbas нbs 1 Stop zi tzi zi 1 speaking with skr skar skr 1 Strike l-idrab (work) Study ġr aqra ġr 2 njн ġ tnjaн njн 1 Succeed at ssum ssumum ssum 1 Suck mrrt tmrrat mrrt 1 Suffer t‫ع‬ddb t‫ع‬ddab t‫ع‬ddb 1 ‫ع‬iš t‫ع‬iš ‫ع‬iš 1 Survive lqi lqqi lqi 1 Swallow ggal tgalla ggul 2 Swear More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com .

com .252  Peace Corps/Morocco ‫ع‬rg t‫ع‬rag ‫ع‬rg 1 Sweat šttb tšttab šttb 1 Sweep bzg tbzag bzg 1 Swell ‫ع‬um t‫ع‬um ‫ع‬um 1 Swim ssns ssns ssns 2 Switch off sxsi sxsay sxsi 1 ssrġ srġa ssrġ 2 Switch on T amz ttamz umz 1 Take kks tkks kks 1 Take off thlla thlla thlla 1 Take care of tkllf tkllaf tkllf 1 Take charge of sawl sawal sawl 1 Talk sjjl sjjal sjjl 1 Tape (record) lssq tlssaq lssq 1 Tape (scotch) mdi tmday mdi 1 Taste ssġr ssaqra sġr 2 Teach s‫ع‬llm s‫ع‬llam s‫ع‬llm 1 bbi tbbi bbi 1 Tear (sth) qššb tqššab qššb 1 Tease tflla tflla tflla 1 ini ttini nni 2 Tell More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

com . to make s‫ع‬ddb s‫ع‬ddab s‫ع‬ddb 1 Torture ggr tggr ggr 1 Touch sli slay sli 1 sdrrb sdrrab sdrrb 1 Train trjm trjam trjm 1 Translate safr tsafar safr 1 Travel šmt tšmat šmt 1 Trick нawl tнawal нawl 1 Try (attempt) jrrb tjrrab jrrb 1 Try (experience to do sth) qiys tqiyas qiys 1 Try on sdwwr sdwwar sdwwr 1 Turn More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. to be rmi rmi 1 srmi srmay srmi 1 Tired. TashlHeet  253 fkkr tfkkar fkkr 1 Think xmmim txmmam xmmim 1 ġal izd ttiġal ġal 1 Think that hddid thddid hddid 1 Threaten srut srwat srut 1 Thresh luн tluн luн 1 Throw skr hrr skar hrr Skr hrr 1 Tickle qqn tqqn qqn 1 Tie (belt) ziyr tziyar ziyr 1 Tighten Tired.

to be V kk tkka kk 2 Visit rar trara rur 2 Vomit W More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. to make sqllq sqllaq sqllq 1 Upset tqllq tqllaq tqllq 1 Upset. to be st‫ع‬ml st‫ع‬mal st‫ع‬ml 1 Use slн tslaн slн 1 Use to.com .254  Peace Corps/Morocco dwwr tdwwar dwwr 1 Turn around snaqs snaqas snaqs 1 Turn down (volume) sgllb sgllab sgllb 1 Turn over (sth) s‫ع‬uwwj s‫ع‬uwwaj s‫ع‬uwwj 1 Twist U fhm tfham fhm 1 Understand sfhm sfham sfhm 1 Understand. To be of myar ttimyar myar 1 Used to. to become nf‫ع‬ tnfa‫ع‬ nf‫ع‬ 1 Useful.

TashlHeet  255 qql tqql qql 1 Wait snkr snkar snkr 1 Wake (so) nkr nkkr nkr 1 Wake up zzigz zzigiz zzigz 1 Walk ssudu ssadaw ssudu 2 нuwws tнwwas нuwws 1 Walk around iri ttiri ri 1 Want ssrġ ssrġa ssrġ 2 Warm heat rġ rqqa rġ 2 Warm. to be ssu sswa ssw 2 Water ssird ssirid ssird 1 Wash sbbn tsbban sbbn 1 Wash (clothes) Wash siyq tsiyaq siyq 1 (floor) diy‫ع‬ tdiya‫ع‬ diy‫ع‬ 1 Waste tfrrj tfrraj tfrrj 1 Watch šiyr tšiyar šiyr 1 Wave ls lssa ls 2 Wear alla alla ul 2 Weep ‫ع‬br t‫ع‬bar ‫ع‬br 1 Weigh rннb trннab rннb 1 Welcome More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com .

to be tfrrj tfrraj tfrrj 1 Watch šiyr tšiyar šiyr 1 Wave ls lssa ls 2 Wear alla alla ul 2 Weep ‫ع‬br t‫ع‬bar ‫ع‬br 1 Weigh rннb trннab rннb 1 Welcome sudi tsuday sudi 1 Weld jji tjji jji 1 Well. to be sbdig sbdig sbdig 1 Wet.com . to make bdig addig bdig 1 Wet.256  Peace Corps/Morocco sudi tsuday sudi 1 Weld jji tjji jji 1 Well. to be sffr tsffar sffr 1 Whistle sinsig sinsig sinsig 1 sus‫ع‬ sus‫ع‬a sus‫ع‬ 1 Widen rbн trbaн rbн 1 Win jffif tjffaf jffif 1 Wipe (dry floor) msн tmsaн msн 1 Wipe off mнi tmнay mнi 1 sxf tsxaf sxf 1 Wiped More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.

swu tswu sw 2 to be jrн tjraн jrн 1 Wound ara ttara ur 2 Write More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.com . TashlHeet  257 out. to be tmnna tmnna tmnna 1 Wish šahd tšahad šahd 1 Witness xdm txdam xdm 1 Work tštn tštan tštn 1 Worry Worth.

119 2nd category pattern 2 verbs. 161 Pronouns.258  Peace Corps/Morocco GRAMMAR INDEX Adjectives Passive verbs. 167 Future tense. 119 Past tense. 210 Constructed and isolated. 210 Feminine. 93 Have you ever…. 150 Present tense Negation. 62 Demonstrative indefinite pronouns. 14 There is/are. 52 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. 167 Demonstrative pronouns. 115 1st category pattern 2 verbs. 70 Possessive. 75 Comparing like objects. 24 With pronoun endings. 208 Possessive pronouns. 96 Independent. 74 Singular. 7 Object. 14 Tifinagh. 120 Possession Conditional. 23 With verbs. 79 Demonstrative. 120 Nouns TashlHeet alphabet. Demonstrative. 70 Superlative. 65 Indefinite. 214 Sun letters. 8 Demonstrative adjectives. 85 Making intotransitive verbs. 212 Feminine. 209 Moon letters. 115 Plural. how to form. 23 Imperative. 25 Definite article. 116 Verbs. 83 Infinitive. 120 2nd category pattern 1 verbs. 72 Comparative adjectives. 22 1st category pattern 1 verbs. demonstrative. 215 Comparative. 7 Independent pronouns. 71 Masculine and feminine. 79 Pronouns I‟ve never…. 8 Conjunctions. 151 Verbs. 98 “win/tin”. 8 Intransitive verbs Question words.com . 24 In order to. 23 Prepositions. 13 TashlHeet numbers. 209 Superlative adjectives.

21 11 through 19. 135 Fractions. 52 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. 25 “illa”. 52 Ordinal. 139 Cardinal. 39 To need/have to/should. 37 To please. 40 Pattern 1 past tense form.com . 300…999. 2000. 218 100. 45 20. 44 To want. 83 Using one verb after another. 200. 95 Participles. 218 “win/tin”. 43 To want/like. TashlHeet  259 Masculine. 3000… . 40 … 99. 11 Using one verb after another. 42 To be. 12 Time. 45 Masculine and feminine. 37 Participles. 71 1000. 30. 95 Numbers Verbs 1 through 10. 38 To have. 140 Object pronouns.

132 Places in town. 144 Future. 177 Food. 31 Present. 62 Communication. 180 Thanking. 183 Doors and windows.125. 68 Directions. 30 God phrases. 108 Nationalities.126. 113 Prepositions. 175 Past. 129 Numerals. 68 Bargaining. 92 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua. 115 Months. 63 Cities. 147 Family. 198 Shopping.185 Furniture.144 Environment sector. 37 Butcher. 34 Theft. 200 Clothing. 154 Political harassment. 37 Buying produce.com . 85 Congratulations. 18 Police station. 173 Café. 69 Help.260  Peace Corps/Morocco VOCABULARY INDEX Adjectives. 30 Bus. 131 Sick.154.125. 178 Small business development. 143 Nighttime. 32 Restaurant.153. 191 Cardinal. 195 Greetings. 132 Days of the week. 63 Sexual harassment. 111 Post office.131. 50. 33 Question words. 30 Finding a house. 189 City bus. 68 Seasons. 32. 56 Sleeping. 152 Numbers Butagaz. 149 Health sector.129. 18 Body parts.126 Drinks. 125 Peace Corps. 50. 174 Site visit. 7 Time Expressions Health.132 Spices. 129 Fruit. 165 Colors. 152. 126 Taxi.

TashlHeet  261 Hotel. 125 Mealtime.com .73. 50 Kitchenware. 29 Verbs.72. 18 Vegetables. 152 Islamic calendar. 32 Hygiene. 127 Marital status.71.76. 180 Transportation. 31 Household items. 71 Money.70. 159 Toiletries. 228 Meat. 31 Travel. 129 Pattern 1. 49 Pattern 2.77. 74 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua.74. 65. 222 TaHanut items. 180 Units of measurement.75.

..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 Congratulations ................................................ 9 Practice ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 18 The Verb "TO BE" ..................... 45 Practice .....................................................................com ...................... 34 Other Expressions .................... 8 Masculine and Feminine Nouns ................. 24 USEFUL EXPRESSIONS Mealtime Expressions ................................ 32 Transportation Expressions.................................................................................... Adjectives and Indefinite Pronouns ............................................................................................................................... 32 Responces to Problems/Difficulties/Appologizes ............... 31 Offering Help/ Asking For Favors ............. 7 Possessive Pronouns .......................................................... 44 Time ............................................................................................ 47 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua............1 Transcription of TashlHeet ...............................................................................................................................................................................1 GREETING Greeting .................... 37 Ordinal Numbers ............... 22 The Possessive Word "WIN/TIN" .......... 9 Constructed and Isolated Nouns .................................. 33 God phrases ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Cities and Marital Status ..................................................................................... 30 Hygiene/Cleanliness Expressions................................ 35 NUMERALS Cardinal numbers ..... 31 Asking for Permissions .......................................................... 32 Being Sick ............................................................................. 32 Communications ..................... TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION Learning TashlHeet .......................... 9 PERSONAL INFORMATION Nationalities.................. 43 Fractions........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 21 Demonstrative Pronouns................................................................................................................... 30 Expressions For Night Time/Sleeping ......................................................................................................... 7 Independent Pronouns ................. 29 Thanking Expressions .............................................

........................................................................................................................... 60 DIRECTIONS Prepositions ................................................................................................................................................. 80 Object Pronouns .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................GETTING STARTED SHOPPING Money ................................... 54 FAMILY Family Members .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Practice ............................................................... 83 Question Words.................................................................................................................................................................................. 110 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua....... 49 At the taHanut ............ 78 Have you ever........................................................... 94 Using One Verb after Another ........................................................ 65 Practice .................................. / I’ve never.................................................................................................. 95 Relative pronouns .............................................................................. 68 Past Time Expressions ................................................................................. 52 Verb "TO WANT" .................................................................................................................................... 50 "THERE IS/THERE ARE" ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 68 The Seasons................................................................. 59 Practice ........................................................................................... 85 Practice ............................ 63 The Imperative .............................................................................................................. 70 Past Negation ............................................................................... 79 Adverbs of place ......................................................................................................................... 68 Months of The Year.......................................................................................................... 108 Bargaining Expressions and Vocabulary ..........................................com .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 69 Past Tense ....................................................................................................................................... 93 Present Tense Negation .................................................................... 89 DAILY ROUTINE Present Tense expressions ................................................................................................................... 96 Conjunctions................... 66 PAST EVENTS Days of The Week.......................... 56 Verb “TO HAVE” ....... 92 Present Tense ................................................................................................................................................... 62 Directions ............... ....................... 102 BARGAINING General Bargaining Informations........................................................ 52 Practice .........................

............................................................. 129 Practice .................................................................................................................................................... 130 FOOD AND DRINK Food and Drink ............................................. 141 MEDICAL AND BODY Body Parts ....... 132 The Reflexive verb “TO PLEASE/ TO LIKE” ............................................................................................................................................ 147 TRAVEL Future Time Expressions ......................................... 119 Practice ......... 111 Colors............................................................. 139 The Verb “TO WANT/ TO LIKE”.. 135 The Verb “TO NEED/TO HAVE TO/MUST/SHOULD”... Clothing ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 140 Practice ....... 156 AT THE HOTEL Hotel Accommodation................................................................................................................................ 115 Comparative and Superlative Adjectives ....................................................................... 163 AT THE POST OFFICE General Informations ......................................................................................................................................................................... 121 SHOPPING FOR FOOD Fruits and Vegetables ................................................................................................................................................ 161 Practice ............................................. 131 At the Café .............. 144 Practice ............... 152 Travel Expressions ................................................................................................................................... 143 Health Problems ..................................................................................................................... 145 SITE VISIT EXPRESSIONS ............................................................................................. 167 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua........................................................................................................................................................................................... 165 Post Office Vocabulary ............................................................................................................................................... 125 Units of Measurements ................................................................... 154 Practice .................... 132 At the Restaurant .............................................................................................. 159 The Conditional ............................................................................................................................................................... 149 Future Tense ..... 150 Travel ............................................................................................................................................................ 127 Spices and Meat ......... 165 Using Prepositions with Pronoun Endings & Verbs .........................................com .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 Adjectives ................................................. 150 Future Tense Negation ............................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................... 198 Political Harassment ... 193 Theft ................................................ 204 The TashlHeet Alphabeth: TIFINAGH ...................................... 223 National Holidays................................................................................................................. 174 Health sector .................................................................................................... 261 VOCABULARY INDEX ... 191 Hash ............................................................................................................................ 217 Verb Participles .................................... 195 House Security / Doors and Windows....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 210 Supplementary Grammar Lessons ..................................................................................................................................................com .......................................................... 215 The Verb "USED TO" ............................................. 214 Passive Verbs...................................................... 212 TashlHeet Numbers....................................... 200 APPENDICES Pronunciation of TashlHeet .................................................................. Practice ............................................................................... 185 At Work ................................................................................................................................................... 222 Moussems .................................................................................................................................................................................. 175 Small Business Development sector .............................................................................................................................. 182 SAFETY AND SECURITY Sexual Harassment .. 226 Festivals................................................................... 172 DESCRIBING THE PEACE CORPS MISSION Peace Corps ...................................... 177 RENTING A HOUSE Finding a House .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 226 GLOSSARY OF VERBS .................................................................................................................... 218 MOROCCAN HOLIDAYS Religious Holidays ......................... 212 Making Intransitive Verbs into Transitive Verbs .......................................... 228 GRAMMAR INDEX ..................................................................................................................... 178 Furnishing a House .................................... 183 At the Taxi Stand .......................................................... 263 More Free PC Tashelhit Lessons & Audios on LiveLingua............. 180 Practice .................................................................... 189 Butagaz ........................................................................................................................................................................ 173 Environment sector .............................................................................................................................. 187 Forgetting a Wallet in a Taxi / Filing a Report.............................................................................................

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