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com

General Certificate of Education

Advanced Subsidiary Level and Advanced Level

PHYSICS 9702/01

Paper 1 Multiple Choice May/June 2008

1 hour

Additional Materials: Multiple Choice Answer Sheet

Soft clean eraser

*2514539443*

Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided

unless this has been done for you.

There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there are four possible

answers A, B, C and D.

Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate Answer Sheet.

Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer.

Any rough working should be done in this booklet.

IB08 06_9702_01/RP

UCLES 2008 [Turn over

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Data

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Formulae

2 at 2

v2 = u2 + 2as

gravitational potential, = Gm

r

hydrostatic pressure, p = gh

3 V

v = ( x 02 x2)

electric potential, V= Q

4 0r

capacitors in series, 1 / C = 1 / C1 + 1 / C2 + . . .

capacitors in parallel, C = C1 + C2 + . . .

2 QV

resistors in series, R = R1 + R2 + . . .

resistors in parallel, 1 / R = 1 / R1 + 1 / R2 + . . .

t1

2

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5 kJ

5 mJ

5 MJ

5 nJ

Starting with the smallest first, what is the order of increasing magnitude of these energies?

A 5 kJ 5 mJ 5 MJ 5 nJ

B 5 nJ 5 kJ 5 MJ 5 mJ

C 5 nJ 5 mJ 5 kJ 5 MJ

D 5 mJ 5 nJ 5 kJ 5 MJ

2 Which of the following correctly expresses the volt in terms of SI base units?

A A

B W A1

C kg m2 s1 A1

D kg m2 s3 A1

3 What is a reasonable estimate of the average kinetic energy of an athlete during a 100 m race

that takes 10 s?

4 The resistance R of a resistor is determined by measuring the potential difference V across it and

the current I in it. The value of R is then calculated using the equation

R= V .

I

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5 Four students each made a series of measurements of the acceleration of free fall g. The table

shows the results obtained.

g / m s2

B 9.81 10.12 9.89 8.94

C 9.45 9.21 8.99 8.76

D 8.45 8.46 8.50 8.41

What is the effect, if any, of the acceleration on the objects speed and direction?

speed direction

A changes changes

B changes constant

C constant changes

D constant constant

1

7 The acceleration of free fall on a planet P is 6

of the acceleration of free fall on Earth.

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Which acceleration-time graph best represents the motion of the football through the air?

A B

acceleration acceleration

0 0

0 time 0 time

C D

acceleration acceleration

0 0

0 time 0 time

B Momentum is conserved only in elastic collisions.

C Momentum is conserved by all bodies in a collision.

D Momentum is conserved providing no external forces act.

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10 Two equal masses X and Y are moving towards each other on a frictionless air track as shown.

The masses make an elastic collision.

air track

50 cm s1 30 cm s1

X Y

Which row gives possible velocities for the two masses after the collision?

velocity of X velocity of Y

B 10 cm s1 to the right 10 cm s1 to the right

C 20 cm s1 to the left zero

D 30 cm s1 to the left 50 cm s1 to the right

11 A car of mass 750 kg has a horizontal driving force of 2.0 kN acting on it. It has a forward

horizontal acceleration of 2.0 m s2.

resistive force

driving force

12 A ball is falling at terminal speed in still air. The forces acting on the ball are upthrust, viscous

drag and weight.

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13 Two rigid rods, XZ and YZ, are fixed to a vertical wall at points X and Y.

X W

load

A B

force in XZ force in XZ

W force in YZ W force in YZ

C D

force in XZ force in XZ

W force in YZ W force in YZ

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14 A uniform ladder rests against a vertical wall where there is negligible friction. The bottom of the

ladder rests on rough ground where there is friction. The top of the ladder is at a height h above

the ground and the foot of the ladder is at a distance 2a from the wall.

ladder

h

W

W

F

a a

A Wa + Fh = 2W a

B Fa + Wa = Fh

C W a + 2W a = F h

D W a 2W a = 2F h

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sea

steel water

air

B The sea water exerts a greater upward force on the submarine than the weight of the steel.

C The submarine displaces its own volume of sea water.

D There is a difference in water pressure acting on the top and bottom of the submarine.

16 A positive charge experiences a force F when placed at point X in a uniform electric field.

r uniform

electric

field

F

X

A decreases by Fs

B increases by Fs

C decreases by Fr

D increases by Fr

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B conserved not conserved not conserved

C not conserved conserved conserved

D not conserved conserved not conserved

Which graph shows the variation with time of the gravitational potential energy Ep and the kinetic

energy Ek of the ball?

A B

energy energy

Ek Ek

Ep Ep

0 0

0 time 0 time

C D

Ek Ek

energy energy

Ep Ep

0 0

0 time 0 time

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19 The total energy input Ein in a process is partly transferred to useful energy output U, and partly to

energy that is wasted W.

A U 100 %

W

B W 100 %

Ein

C U 100 %

Ein

D U + W 100 %

Ein

B The molecules of the gas collide continually with the walls of the container.

C The molecules of the gas collide inelastically with the walls of the container.

D The weight of the molecules exerts a force on the walls of the container.

B potential energy = mgh

C atmospheric pressure decreases with height

D density increases with depth

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22 A sample of metal is subjected to a force which increases to a maximum value and then

decreases back to zero. A force-extension graph for the sample is shown.

force

Y

X

0

0 extension

When the sample contracts it follows the same force-extension curve as when it was being

stretched.

B elastic but not plastic

C plastic but not elastic

D not elastic and not plastic

23 A spring of original length 100 mm is compressed by a force. The graph shows the variation of the

length L of the spring with the compressing force F.

12

10

F/N

8

0

40 50 60 70 80 90 100

L / mm

What is the energy stored in the spring when the length is 70 mm?

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24 The Young modulus of steel is determined using a length of steel wire and is found to have the

value E.

Another experiment is carried out using a wire of the same steel, but of twice the length and half

the diameter.

What value is obtained for the Young modulus in the second experiment?

1 1

A 4 E B 2 E C E D 2E

25 The graph shows how the height of a water surface at a point in a harbour varies with time t as

waves pass the point.

height

p

mean height

t

p q

A displacement wavelength

B displacement period

C amplitude wavelength

D amplitude period

26 The intensity I of a sound at a point P is inversely proportional to the square of the distance x of P

from the source of the sound. That is

I 12 .

x

source S P Q

of sound

r

2r

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The frequency f of the waves is adjusted until a stationary wave is formed with the antinode

nearest the wall at a distance x from the wall.

4 c c

A f= c B f = 2c C f= D f=

x x 2x 4x

28 A diffraction grating has N lines per unit length and is placed at 90 to monochromatic light of

wavelength .

What is the expression for , the angle to the normal to the grating at which the third order

diffraction peak is observed?

3 N 3 N

29 Light of wavelength 700 nm is incident on a pair of slits, forming fringes 3.0 mm apart on a screen.

What is the fringe spacing when light of wavelength 350 nm is used and the slit separation is

doubled?

30 An electron enters the space between two parallel charged plates with an initial velocity u.

+ v

e

e

u

While in the electric field, its direction changes by and it emerges with a velocity v.

A v= u B v = u cos C v= u D v = u sin

cos sin

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31 The diagram shows an oil droplet that has become charged by gaining five electrons. The droplet

remains stationary between charged plates.

+5000 V

oil

0.8 cm

droplet

0V

What is the magnitude and direction of the electrostatic force on the oil droplet?

1

A second cable Y has a resistance 2R and carries current I.

2

power dissipated in Y

What is the ratio ?

power dissipated in X

1 1

A B C 2 D 4

4 2

What is the potential difference across the bulb during this time?

34 Two copper wires X and Y have the same volume. Wire Y is four times as long as wire X.

L 4L

X Y

resistance of wire Y

What is the ratio ?

resistance of wire X

A 4 B 8 C 16 D 64

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35 The potential difference across a resistor is 12 V. The current in the resistor is 2.0 A.

energy / J time / s

A 3.0 2.0

B 3.0 8.0

C 48 2.0

D 48 8.0

36 A thermistor and another component are connected to a constant voltage supply. A voltmeter is

connected across one of the components. The temperature of the thermistor is then reduced but

no other changes are made.

A B

V

V

C D

V V

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37 In the circuit shown, the 6.0 V battery has negligible internal resistance. Resistors R1 and R2 and

the voltmeter have resistance 100 k.

6.0 V

R1 R2

100 k 100 k

V

100 k

A 20 A B 30 A C 40 A D 60 A

38 The unknown e.m.f. E of a cell is to be determined using a potentiometer circuit. The balance

length is to be measured when the galvanometer records a null reading.

A B

E E

C D

E E

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Which graph of proton number Z plotted against nucleon number N shows the -decay followed

by the -emission?

A B

236 236

N N

234 234

232 232

230 230

88 90 92 94 88 90 92 94

Z Z

C D

236 236

N N

234 234

232 232

230 230

88 90 92 94 88 90 92 94

Z Z

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20

BLANK PAGE

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every

reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the

publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.

University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of

Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

9702/01/M/J/08

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