You are on page 1of 20

Stadium Klinis

HIV/AIDS
WHO telah
menetapkan Stadium
Klinis HIV/AIDS
untuk dewasa
maupunanak dimana
stadium klinis
HIV/AIDS masing-
masing terdiri dari 4
stadium. Jika
15
dilihat dari gejala
yang terjadi
pembagian stadium
klinis HIV/AIDS
adalahsebagai berikut :
33
Tabel 2.6.1 Stadium
klinik HIV/AIDS
35

Clinical Stage 1

Asymptomatic

Persistent generalized
lymphadenopathy

Clinical Stage 2

Moderate unexplained
weight loss(<10% of
presumed or
measured body weight)

Recurrent respiratory
infections(sinusitis,
tonsillitis, otitis
media,and pharyngitis)

Herpes zoster

Angular cheilitis

Recurrent oral ulceration

Papular pruritic eruptions

Seborrheic dermatitis

Fungal nail infections

Clinical Stage 3

Unexplained severe
weight loss(>10% of
presumed or
measured body weight)

Unexplained chronic
diarrhea for >1 month

Unexplained persistent
fever for
>1month(>37.6C,
intermittent or constant)

Persistent oral
candidiasis (thrush)

Oral hairy leukoplakia

Pulmonary tuberculosis
(current)

Severe presumed
bacterialinfections (eg,
pneumonia,empyema,
pyomyositis, boneor joint
infection,
meningitis, bacteremia)

Acute necrotizing
ulcerativestomatitis,
gingivitis,
or periodontitis

Unexplained
anemia(hemoglobin <8
g/dL)

Neutropenia
(neutrophils
<500cells/L)

Chronic
thrombocytopenia(platel
ets <50,000 cells/L)

Clinical Stage 4

HIV wasting syndrome,


asdefined by the CDC

Pneumocystis
pneumonia

Recurrent severe
bacterial pneumonia

Chronic herpes simplex


infection(orolabial,
genital, or anorectalsite
for >1 month or
visceralherpes at any
site)

Esophageal candidiasis
(or candidiasis of
trachea, bronchi,
or lungs)

Extrapulmonary
tuberculosis

Chronic
cryptosporidiosis
(withdiarrhea)

Chronic isosporiasis

Disseminated mycosis
(eg,histoplasmosis,cocci
dioidomycosis, penicillio
sis)

Recurrent nontyphoidal
Salmonella
bacteremia

Lymphoma (cerebral or
B-cellnon-Hodgkin)

Invasive cervical
carcinoma

Atypical disseminated
16

Kaposi sarcoma

Cytomegalovirus
infection(retinitis or
infection of other organs)

Central nervous
systemtoxoplasmosis

HIV encephalopathy

Cryptococcosis,
extrapulmonary(includin
g meningitis)

Disseminated
nontuberculosis
Mycobacteria
infection

Progressive
multifocalleukoencephal
opathy

Candida of the trachea,


bronchi,or
lungsleishmaniasis

Symptomatic HIV-
associatednephropathy

Symptomatic HIV-
associatedcardiomyopath
y

Reactivation of
Americantrypanosomiasi
s(meningoencephalitis
or myocarditis)
Klasifikasi CDC
merupakan pembagian
HIV/AIDS
berdasarkan jumlah
selCD4+ dan kondisi
tubuh penderita yang
berhubungan dengan
diagnosa
HIV.Klasifikasi CDC
dapat dilihat pada
Tabel 2.6.1.
34,35
Tabel 2.6.2 Klasifikasi
AIDS berdasarkan
CDC
34
17
http://www.scribd.com/doc/22745321/Hiv-Aids