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1

50


30% C Cr 18%-
28% Ni 3%-10% Mo Cu Nb Ti N

475

80

30
3RE60 Uranus50 60
3

1.1

1.1.1


1000km

20
1600 t


2002 210
t
20 t 10 t
2205
18 5Mo


HCI 2205

DP3
00C25Ni7Mo3WCuN 40
15
2205

1.1.2


CO2 304L
l 5
2
18 5Mo 2205


00Cr25Ni6Mo2N Huey

18 5Mo
JIS G057
3 G0591

OCr25Ni6Mo3CuN

1.1.3


50
2205
316L 317L


2205 18500t
1200t

1.1.4


20
-30 t
10

2304 304 316

1.2

1.2.1

1
30-
50%

1-2 (

C Cr Ni Mo Mn Si

1 3RE60 0.03 18.5 4.9 2.7 2.0

Uranus50 0.04 21.5 6.5 1.5 Cu:1.0-2.0

2 SAF2205 0.03 22.0 5.5 3.0 2.0 0.8

DP-3 0.03 25.0 6.5 3.5 W:0.4 - Cu:0.20-0.80

08X21H6M2 0.08 21.0 7.5 2.0 Ti:0.2-0.4

4
0Cr21Ni5T 0.06 22.0 5.8 - 0.8 0.8 Ti:5

3 SAF2507 0.03 25.5 7.0 4.5 Cu:0.50

DP-3W 0.03 25.0 7.6 3.0 W:0.4 Cu:0.80

0Cr26Ni5M 0.08 26.5 5.0 3.0 1.5 1.0

o3

3 2205
316L

1.2.2

6
2 SAF2205

2.1

2.2

Ti Nb
Mo
E309MoL-16
A042 H00Cr18Ni14Mo2

2
800-
900
V Y

3
750-800
475

7
3 SAF2205

3.1SAF2205

3.1.1SAF2205

1 18-
8 600

2
PREN=Cr%+3.3Mo%+16N%
AISI 316L 25%Cr
AISI 316L

4 18-8
2 25% AK V
100J

5
18-8

6 18%Cr 18-8
25%Cr

7 18-8

8
9 3000C

3.1.2 SAF2205


1 90 1990 10
t 1999 11 t 2000 20 t

60 Cr18
Cr22 Cr25 3
2000t 2001 4000t 1/2

W(Ni)eq W(Cr)eq Schaeffer


A F 60 : 40
;A F70
50

3-2

s/MPa b/Mpa 5( )

920-1150 C 205-300
0Cr18Ni9 520-580 40 200

950-1100 C
+ SAF2205 550-580 750-780 30 220



DP-3W 560-590 760-780 20 270

0Cr26Ni5Mo2 400-450 620-650 20 250

800-1050 C
00Cr18Mo2 250-270 420-450 30 200


Mo N
PREN PREN= Cr+3.3 Mo+16 N
9

,
, ,
, ,
, WRC
WRC 92 ( 3-1)

3-3 PREN

% PREN

C Cr Ni Mo N

308L 0.03 20 10 20

316L 0.03 18 12 2 25

2205 0.03 22 5 3 0.15 34


255 0.03 25 6 3 0.20 38

2507 0.03 25 7 4 0.25 42

A ;AF ;

FA ;F ;

Creq= Cr +Mo +0.7Nb


Nieq=Ni +35C +20N +0.25Cu

3-1 , ,

10
,

,
(1300 ), ,
( )
( ) ,
,
, ,
( )

1) (2) 2 2
,

2) (M23C6) M23C6

3) , ,
,

4) R (550-750) ,
, , ,
,

3.1.3

(1) , ,
,
, ,
,

(2) , ,
11

(PREN)
, (PREN) :PREN=Cr
+3.3xMo +16xN , , ,
,

(3) ,

(4) ,

,
,

3.1.4

1) , ,

2) , ,
,
, ,
, ,
,

, ,
, R ,
,

3.1.5

1) ,
,
2) ,

12
, , ,
,

3)

4) , ,

, , ,
,
,
, ,


, (
)
(HTHAZ) (LTHAZ)
1)
.
2) 1250
,
,
, ,
,
3) , ,
,

1)

13
2)
3)

4) % Cr Fe
600-1000.C
00Cr18Ni5Mo3Si2 800-900.C 00Cr25Ni7Mo3CuN
800-900.C 8500.C % 1-2 min
1-2 min
550-600.C
5) 50% 475.C
300-525.C

475.C
250.C


475.C

3.2

1 SAF2205

Fe-Cr Cr 25% 520-820


Fe Cr

Mo

3-1 475 .C

2205

2507 00Cr25Ni7Mo3CuN

/ C 1040 1025-1100

14
1000 1000
/ C

/ C 600-1000 600-1000

475.C / C 300-525 300-525


90%
70% 0.2 95%
0.2

N
N
N

15
4 2205

,
, , ,
, ,
SAF2205 DSS

1)
30mm

2) ,
,

Ar Ar+2%N2 Ar+5%N2
Ar N

3)

, ,
30% 45%

16
4) ,
0.5 2.5 kJ/cm ,
, ,
,
, /

5)
,
, ,
,

6) , ,
, ,
, , ,

7) ,
, , ,
, ,
,
, ,

17
5

5.1 SAF2205

SAF2205


GY001 4 22
PD001
TIG +

Y

SAF2205 SAF2205

8mm


18
:


2.0
/
H00Cr18Ni14Mo2

(%)

C Si M P S Cr Ni Mo V Ti Nb
n


_
h
______

: :
() ( ) _ (L/min)
__100_ __ _ 99.9% 18
(oC)( ) _ 24
_
___2h ____ ___
_ _
:
: :
:(A) 280 320 (V): 26 30
( , , )

/ (kJ/cm)
(A) (cm/min)

19
1 H00C 2.0mm 280 27 40 11.34
TIG r18Ni
14Mo
2
2 A042 3.2mm / 300 30 45 12

3 A042 3.2mm / 320 30 47 12.2

: (mm): 5mm
: (cm/min): 40 47

:
: :
: :
:
(mm) 3 5 :

4
22


:
.:PD001 : GY001
: TIG + :

20

:
:
():
:
(h):
: SAF2205 :
:
SAF2205
(L/min)
: 8 mm
99.9% 18 24
:

:

: :
:
H00Cr18Ni14Mo2 :
: 2.0mm : 5mm
; (A): 280 320
: (V): 26 30
:
: :
: ( , (cm/min): 40 47
) :
: ( , :
) :

21
:
(): 100 :
(): :

: : LS001


(mm) (Mpa)
(mm) (mm2) (kN)

LS0 8 15 120 60 500


01-1
LS0 10 15 150 82.5 550
01-2

: WQ001

(o)
(mm) (mm)


WQ001-1 15 60 180 22
%
WQ001-2 10 40 180 20
%

(mm) (mm) (o)


WQ001-3 15 60 180 23
%

22
WQ001-4 15 60 180 22
%
WQ001-5 15 60 180 20
%
WQ001-6 15 60 180 21
%
.: CJ001


() (J)

CJ0 15 20 28
01-1
CJ0 15 20 29
01-2
CJ0 15 20 26
01-3
CJ0 15 20 30
01-4
CJ0 15 20 27
01-5
CJ0 15 20 25
01-6

:
: ( ) : ( )
:
I II II IV V

(mm)

23
:
RT: 100% UT:
MT: PT: 100%
:
%)
C Mn Si P S Cr Ni Mo V Ti Nb

(mm):

: JB47082000

: ( )

5.2 SAF2205

SAF2205 , ,
, ,

850km , 2205DSS[1 ]
, 2205
,
,
;
, D508 1519mm

24
5.2.1

Outo2kumpu (
Avesta) 1519mm D508 1519mm ,
Cr Ni Mo N , : 22 %Cr 5 %Ni 3
%Mo 1.5 %N , 50 % 50 %
, 5-1

5-1 ( )

Rm/MPa A/ % Akv/ PHB

Rp012/MPa J

761 599 26 276(-20) 290

, ,
Sandvik , 45 ,
, ,
( 1050 1100 , )

, ,
( TIG) + (SMAW) , Avesta
, 45 ,
5-2

5.2.2


(- 40)

,2205DSS ,
, ; , 50%
, ,2205DSS


, ,
,
, , ,

25
, ,

5-2

E/(kJcm- /
1
)

SAW Sandvik X 7 21 < 150


221813L/15W (1G)

TIG+SMA AVESTA2205 V 45 8 18 < 150


W AVESTA22052- Ar+1.5% (6G)

PW N2

Ar+5%N2

5-3 ,
( 620MPa) , 180
, - 40
, 27J , ASTMA923 34J
ASTM G48 6 %FeCl3 ,
,
,
65 % , ,
35 % 50 %,
, ,
, , ,

26
5-3

P% (ASTMA923C )

Rm/MPa ( /(mg.m-
6T / Ph 2
h)

760 180, 35 43 40 50 22 24 2.3


775

180,

765 ;750 180, 30 45 40 65 22 24 6.3


760 ;775

27
6

2205 ,
, , ,
, ,
, ,

(l) Ni N

(2)

(3)Dss

, ,

28

[1] , , , . [M] . :
,1999

[2] . , [M] .
: .1992

[3] , . .2001.9

[4] . . .2004.9

[4] . 2 [J ] .
.2004

[5] [M] . .2001

[6] [M] . .1996

[7] [M] . .2002

29