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NOx

NOx, CO

CO

()

NOX
CO
CO
NOXCO

6
1.5% 3%


NOX SOX


1
220

200

NOx (ppm)
180

A3

160
NOX

140
2 4 6 8 10
O2(%)
88
(74~76)
(71.2~72.8)
(69.6~70)
86
(66~67.6)

84
NOX
Eff (%)

82


80

78
2 4 6 8 10
O2 (%)





CO NOX
CO NOX

(Fuel Specification)
(Combustion Modification)
(Post-Combustion Treatment)




NOX
NOX NOX




W/O Emulsion
Fuel Oil

(W/O Emulsion)

30%

NOX


NOX
/

3



19.4%
38% 3%
21% 3.9%

NOX

(a)(Burner
Out of ServicesBOOS)(b)(Over Fire
AirOFA)(c)(Biased Firing)

(Combustion Technology Manual, IHEA, 1994)

OFA
NOX
4

The John Zink Combustion Handbook


Charles E. Baukal, Jr., Editor, 2001.



NOX

NOX

NOX

NOX
50~70%
10~30%

5


30~40%
NOX
(a)
NOX (b)

NOX(c)

NOX (d)

NOX


NOX
Borman, G.L. and Ragland, K.W., Combustion Engineering, 1998.
(Toquan, et al., 24th Symp. (Int.) on Combustion, pp.1391-1397, 1992)

6


(Burnout)
80%
10 20%

0 10%

Pacific Rim Technologies/


Reaction Engineering
International



10%
NOX 46
% 20%
NOX 58%

(Selective Catalytic
Reduction, SCR)(Selective Non-
Catalytic Reduction, SNCR)
NOX N2

SCR NH3H2CO

300~400
NH3
4NO + 4NH3 + O2 4N2 + 6H2O

2NO2 + 4NH3 + O2 3N2 + 6H2O
NOX

7

NH3 SCR
SCR
NH3 NH3

80~90% 10~20ppm NH3

SNCR

SNCR
NH2
NOX
NH3 + OH NH2 + H2O
NH2 + NO N2 + H2O
NH3 900~1,000NOX
40~65%SNCR
SCR

SNCR

Pacific Rim Technologies/Reaction Engineering International




NOX

////

8

(%)
z 10~30 z NOX
z

20~40 z CO
z
z z

z 30~50 z

z
z z
5~15
z
z z
70 HCCO
z
z z
NOX
z 40~60

z
z NH3 NO z 9271027
50~60
N2 H2O CO z
z SNCR z 250400

90 z NH3

z
z z
NO SO2 z
NO2 z NOX SOX
80~85
z z
NO NO2
N2
z z FGD

NOX 90

NH3





0.3%

(Flue Gas
Desulfurization, FGD)


(CaSO4)(MgSO4)(Na2SO4)
FGD

FGD
(Slurry)
(Solution)



FGD











10

FGD
/
50%

FGD (Woodruff, E.B., et al., Steam-Plant Operation, 1984)

FGD

FGD 300


Power Generation Technology State-of-the-Art Review, Power, 1982

11





10% 8000mg/Nm3


(Cyclone Collector)(Wet-
Approach Venturi Scrubber)(Electrostatic
Precipitator, ESP)(Bag Filterhouses)

90%

95%


Woodruff, E.B., et al., Controlling Combustion & Pollution
Steam-Plant Operation, 1984 in Industrial Plants, Power

12




Weighted-Wire Design

Rigid-Frame Design


Woodruff, E.B., et al., Steam-Plant Operation, 1984






99%
13




Woodruff, E.B., et al., 600F
Steam-Plant Operation, 1984


Controlling Combustion & Pollution in Industrial Plants, Power.
14
Pulse-Jet Reverse-Air Shaker

Woodruff, E.B., et al., Steam-Plant Operation, 1984


Controlling Combustion & Pollution in Industrial Plants, Power.
15

(m)




(VOCs)



(1)
(2)(3)

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