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INTEGRATED SWM: AN EXPERIENCE

OF ARUSHA CITY

Stakeholders Sharing Workshop Presented on


16th December 2016 at Flomi Hotel- Morogoro
Tanzania

Marco Chacha Bayai SWMO Arusha


Contents
1. Introduction of Arusha city
2. Brief Description on Integrated SWM
3. SWC & Transportation Stakeholder in Arusha
4. Activities related to Integrated SWM currently
conducted in Arusha
1. Introduction of Arusha city

Arusha city is among the six districts which


makes Arusha Region and the regional head
quarter.

The city is located in Northern part of Tanzania


between 20 and 60 latitude south and 34.5o and
38o longitude East.

Temperature ranges 17oC to 34oC


Introduction of.

The Population is estimated at 416,442


people as per 2012 census.
Administratively, the city has 3 divisions
namely Themi, Elerai, and Suye.
These divisions comprises 25 wards and 154
streets which covers an area of 208km2.
2. Brief Description on Integrated SWM

Integrated Solid Waste Management (ISWM)


represents a contemporary and systematic
approach to solid waste management.
An efficient ISWM system considers how to reduce,
reuse, recycle, and manage waste to protect
human health and the natural
environment(www.thebalance.com).
Integrated SWM.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines
ISWM as a complete waste reduction, collection,
composting, recycling, and disposal system.
An efficient ISWM system considers how to reduce, reuse,
recycle, and manage waste to protect human health and
the natural environment.
It involves evaluating local conditions and needs. Then
choosing, mixing and applying the most suitable solid
waste management activities according to the condition.
The Importance of ISWM as a Waste Management

Having a comprehensive waste management system


for efficient waste collection, transportation, and
systematic waste disposaltogether with activities
to reduce waste generation and increase waste
recyclingcan significantly reduce health and
environmental problems, including polluting water,
attracting rodents and insects and other problems.
The four components or functional elements of
ISWM

A. Source reduction,
B. Recycling and composting,
C. Waste transportation and
D. Disposal (landfilling).
A. Source reduction

Source Reduction, also known as waste prevention, aims at


reducing unnecessary waste generation. Source reduction
strategies may include a variety of approaches, such as:
Products that are designed for recycling, durable, sustainable
products or in concentrated form.
Reusable goods, including reusable packaging, as reuse and
increasingly becomes an important component of the circular
economy.
Refurbishing of goods to prolong product life, another important
component of the circular economy model.
Source reduction.
Redesign of goods and utilize less or no packaging

Avoidance of goods that dont last long and cant be


reused or recycled, such as Halloween decorations.

Waste source reduction helps us to lessen waste


handling, transportation, and disposal costs and
eventually reduces methane generation.
B. Recycling and Composting

Recycling includes the accumulation, sorting and


recovering of recyclable and reusable materials, as
well as the reprocessing of recyclables to produce
new products.

Composting, a component of organics recycling,


involves the accumulation of organic waste and
converting it into soil additives.
Recycling and
Both recycling and composting wastes have a number

of economic benefits such as they create job

opportunities in addition to diverting material from the

waste stream to generate cost-effective sources of

material for further use.

Both recycling and composting also significantly

contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions


C. Waste Transportation

Transportation typically includes the collection of


waste from source of generation, curbside, as well
as from transfer stations or collection points where
waste may be concentrated and reloaded onto
other vehicles for delivery to the landfill or
designated disposal point.
C. Waste Disposal

The most common way of managing wastes is


through landfills, which must be properly designed,
well-constructed and systematically managed.
3. SWC & Transportation Stakeholder in Arusha

SWC practiced is mainly house to house in well planned


areas which are easily accessible and at collection point in
areas which are not accessible and collected the same day.
SWC & Transportation is conducted by the city in
collaboration with 5 Private companies and 13 CBOs in 25
wards of entire city.
The city provides SWCS in 2 wards only, whereas Private
companies and CBOs servicing the remaining 23 wards.
SWM MODEL
RECYCLED PRODUCTS WASTE GENERATED

SEPARATION BY WASTE ON SITE STORAGE


PICKERS

COLLECTION
RECYCLING PROCESS

AT COLLECTION POINT WASTE DIRECT TRANSPORT


PICKERS SEPARATES VALUABLES &
THE REST TRANSPORTED SAME DAY

RECOVERY FACILITY INCINERATION DISPOSAL SITE


PRIVATE COMPANY TRUCK AT WORK

CBO TRUCK AT WORK

SOLID WASTE COLLECTION

CITY SIDE LOADER TRUCKS


4. Activities related to Integrated SWM currently
conducted in Arusha

Sorting and selling recyclable waste materials in


and out of country(Nairobi Kenya).
Small scale composting which is used for tree
planting and gardening along highways.
Recycling and producing new products from waste
glass and other products.
Final Disposal by Landfilling.
SOLID WASTE RECYCLING AND RE-USE
SANITARY LANDFILLING
THE END
THANKS FOR LISTENING