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1970: SALT 1 and SALT 2

By: Ashlyn Farley


The Start of SALT 1 & 2:
In 1967, President Lyndon B. Johnson suggested that SALT 1 (strategic arms
limitation talks) was to be agreed on by the summer of 1968 by two superpowers.
In 1969, President Johnson and Richard Nixon had full-scale negotiations and finally
came up with a treaty in November.
Negotiations lasted in January 1973 and the treaty was finalized and signed by
President Johnson and Richard Nixon on May 26, 1972.
In 1972, SALT 2 negotiations began and counted seven years.
On June 18, 1979, President Carter and Leonid Brezhnev signed SALT 2 treaty in
Vienna.
SALT 1 was about resulting in complex of agreements.
SALT 2 was about more specific regulations on different missiles.
Treaties:
S.U. and U.S. aimed their negotiations at curtailing manufacture of the strategic missiles capable of carrying
missiles.
They intended to restrain in strategic ballistic missiles armed with nuclear weapons for long range and
intercontinental.
There was to be a five year long duration thatd freeze a number of ballistic missiles (ICBMs, SLBMs) from
the Interim Agreement of Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms.
U.S. concentrated on greater accuracy of missiles and the U.S.S.R. concentrated on larger warheads.
Limits were set on various types of missiles and a number of strategic launchers.
Most important treaties of SALT 1 were the ABM (anti-ballistic missile) Systems, Interim Agreement, and
Protocol of Limitations of Strategic Offensive Limitations.
The ABM treaty regulated antiballistic missiles that could be theoretically used to destroy incoming ICBMs
(intercontinental ballistic missiles) that were launched by other superpowers.
More on Treaties:
There was a limit for both sides having up to2400 weapon systems and no more than that.
By the ABM treaty limited each side to only one ABM deployment area (missile launching site) and only 100
interceptor missiles.
The limitations prevented either of the parries from defending more than a small fraction of their enire
territory. It kept both sides subject to detorrent effect of others stragetic forces.
The SALT 2 treaty was pushed aside by Preaident Carter due to the tension between the two countries.
SALT 2 standards were being voluntarily observed by the two sides but the treaty was never ratified.
Negotiations took place in Geneva known as START (stragetic arms reduction talks).
The end of SALT 1 & 2:
Tension continued until the end of the Cold War.
Ware never broke out again and the stockpile weapons race finally ended in the
1990s.
Work Cited:
"Arms Control Association | The Authoritative Source on Arms Control
since 1971." Arms Control Association | The Authoritative Source on
Arms Control since 1971. Web. 02 May 2016. This cite helped with
finding the dates and informarion on the treaties. It was very
helpful with details on the treaties. This cite was very helpful anf
informational.
"Encyclopdia Britannica." Encyclopdia Britannica. Web. 02 May 2016.
This cite had a lot about the President's who signed different
treaties. Its very imformational and helpful with the background.
This cite was very helpful on the information that was needed.
"The Cold War Museum." Cold War Museum. Web. 02 May 2016. The cite
helped pick out the subject of the project. It helped with the main
information of the project. This cite was very helpful and a great
starter to this project.