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Fourier

Integrals

Advanced Engineering
Mathematics
Fourier Integral
Used to represent non periodic functions in terms of
integral
: decaying (non periodic) function
is given by linear combination of cos &
sin
Fourier Integral Formula

If
< , then

= cos + sin
0
Where:

1
= cos


1
= sin

Example #1
Find the Fourier Integral of the function:
1 < < 2
=
0
Example #1

= cos + sin
0
Where:
1
= 2
cos sin + cos 2 + 2 sin 2

1
= 2
sin cos + sin 2 2 cos 2

Example #1
Truncated Fourier integral:

= cos + sin
0

Xu-Yan Chen, Introduction to Fourier Integral Xu-Yan Chen, Introduction to Fourier Integral
Example #2
Find the Fourier Integral of the function:

0
=
0 <0
Example #2

= cos + sin
0
Where:
1
=
1 + 2

=
1 + 2
Example #2
Truncated Fourier integral:

= cos + sin
0

Xu-Yan Chen, Introduction to Fourier Integral Xu-Yan Chen, Introduction to Fourier Integral
Fourier Cosine Integral
If the function is even:

1 2
= cos = cos
0
=0

= 0
cos
Fourier Sine Integral
If the function is odd:
=0

1 2
= sin = sin
0

= 0
sin
Example #3
Find the Fourier cosine and sine integrals of

=
Answer to Example #3
2 cos
Fourier cosine representation: = =
0 2 + 2
2 sin
Fourier sine representation: = =
0 2 + 2
Example #4
Find the Fourier integral of
1 1 1
=
0 >1
Answer to Example #4

2 sin
= cos
0
Example #5
Find the Fourier cosine integral representation of
1 01
=
0 >1
Answer to Example #5

2 sin
= cos
0
Example #6
Find the Fourier sine integral representation of
1 0
=
0 >
Answer to Example #6

2 1 cos
= sin
0
Example # 7
Find the Fourier integral representation:

1
1

1 0 1

1
1 0 1
Problem Set
Find the Fourier integral representation:

1
1

1 0 1

1 0 1 1
end

Fourier Integrals