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6/24/2016

SolidWood:NewTrendsinMass
TimberArchitecture,Technology
andDesign

JoeMayo,AIA,LEEDAP

Disclaimer:Thispresentationwasdevelopedbyathirdpartyandisnotfundedby
WoodWorksortheSoftwoodLumberBoard.

TheWoodProductsCouncil is Thiscourseisregisteredwith
aRegisteredProviderwithThe AIACES forcontinuing
AmericanInstituteofArchitects professionaleducation.As
ContinuingEducationSystems such,itdoesnotinclude
(AIA/CES),Provider#G516. contentthatmaybedeemed
orconstruedtobean
approvalorendorsementby
theAIAofanymaterialof
Credit(s)earnedoncompletion constructionoranymethodor
ofthiscoursewillbereportedto mannerofhandling,using,
AIACESforAIAmembers. distributing,ordealinginany
CertificatesofCompletionfor materialorproduct.
bothAIAmembersandnonAIA __________________________________
membersareavailableupon Questionsrelatedtospecificmaterials,
request. methods,andserviceswillbeaddressed
attheconclusionofthispresentation.

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CourseDescription
Throughtheriseofmasstimber,oneoftheworldsoldestbuilding
materialshasbeenreimaginedasasustainablealternativeto
concreteandsteel.Innovationsinsolidwoodbuildingsystems,
whichincludelargeengineeredwoodmemberssuchasglue
laminatedtimber(GLT),laminatedveneerlumber(LVL)andcross
laminatedtimber(CLT),havecreatednewopportunitiesforwood,
whetherthatmeansgoingtaller,spanningfarther,orbuilding
faster.Drivenbywoodslightenvironmentalfootprint,largescale
woodbuildingsaroundtheworldarehelpingtospurbuildingcode
changes,improvewoodbasedeconomiesanddemonstratethe
untappedpotentialofthisversatilematerial.Thispresentationwill
provideinsightintothesenew,excitingarchitecturaldevelopments
throughdetailedcasestudiesthatwillexpandyourperceptionof
woodspossibilities.

LearningObjectives

1.Applyprinciplesofcarbonaccountingforsustainablematerial
selection.
2.Identifychallengesandopportunitieswithusingwoodasboth
structureandfinishtoreducematerialuse.
3.Considermasstimbermaterialoptionsandhowtochoosebetween
themformaterialefficiencyandoptimizationindesign.
4.Evaluatedifferentmasstimberbuildingsystemsinordertochoose
themostappropriatesystemforspecificprojectneeds.

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Thefirstproperbook
abouttimberconstruction
thiscentury.
Aswecometoterms
withtheconsequencesto
theplanetofourfossil
fueledcivilization,an
urgentrethinkisneeded
inhowwedesignand
buildourbuildings.
ANDREWWAUGH
WAUGH THISTLETONARCHITECTS

CLTand
MassTimber

PHOTO: MERK TIMBER PHOTO: SALZBURG FH

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WhyEngineeredTimber?

PHOTO: SIMONE DEMENIS

PHOTOS: MERKTIMBER

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Slide 7

JM1 Joseph Mayo, 3/13/2016


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DATA:CORRIM

CLT

Concrete

StructuralSteel

SOURCE: QUARTZ DATABASE

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Its2009
Whatdoestimberinthecitylooklike

PHOTO: BENJAMIN BENSCHNEIDER

PHOTO: BERND BOCHARDT

UniversityofWashington E3
StudentHousing Kaden+Partner
Mahlum Berlin,2009
Seattle,2009

PHOTO: WGCLARK PHOTO: BERND BOCHARDT

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Jurisdictionalrequirements:
1. Feasibilityresearch

2. Approvalfromthefiredepartment

3. Approvalfromthebuildingauthority

4. Approvaloffireprotectionconcept

5. Acquisitionofmultiplepermits
SOURCE: KADEN +PARTNER

6. Approvalfornotusingasprinklersystem

7. Awithdrawofresponsibilityfromthebuildingauthority

8. Useofoutsideengineerforverificationofthefireprotectionsystem

9. TestofstructuralcomponentsattheTechnicalUniversityof(TU)Munich

10.FiretestingandexpertstatementoffaadesafetyfromtestingfacilityMFPALeipzig

11.CertificationbyexpertsofHBVtimber,concretefloor/ceilingsystem

12.Proofbytestthatthefloorsystemcouldsupport6.5tonsofweight

PHOTO: BERND BOCHARDT

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PHOTO: BERND BOCHARDT

PHOTO: BERND BOCHARDT

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PHOTO: KADEN+PARTNER

IMAGES:www.kadenundpartner.de

SOURCE: Tallwoodbuildingcompetition.org

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SOURCE: HANSERIK BLOMGREN, ARUP

CLT/FEMAP696
NationalInstituteof
BuildingSciences
BuildingSafetyCouncil
AmericanSocietyof
CivilEngineersASCE 7
AHJ

SOURCE: HANSERIK BLOMGREN, ARUP

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MassTimber:
GlobalOverview

PHOTO: SIMONE DEMENIS

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GraphiteApartments
WaughThistleton
London[2009]

PHOTOS: WILL PRYCE

PHOTO: KLH UK

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DETAIL: WAUGH THISTLETON ARCHITECTS


PHOTO: KLH UK

PHOTOS: WILL PRYCE

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Brideport House
Karakusevic Carson Architects(KCA)
London[2012]

BUILDING SECIONT:KCA

PHOTO: IOANAMARINESCU

PHOTO: STORAENSO

PHOTO: KCA

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IMAGE:KLH UK

PHOTO: EURBAN

PHOTO: WILMOTT DIXON

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IMAGES:EURBAN
FLOOR PLANS:MKA

IMAGE:EURBAN

PHOTO: IOANAMARINESCU

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Fort
LendLease
Australia[2013]

PHOTOS: LEND LEASE

PHOTOS & DRAWING:LEND LEASE

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PHOTO: LEND LEASE

CityAcademy
SheppardRobson
England[2012]

PHOTOS: HUFTON +CROW

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PHOTO: SHEPPARD ROBSON

PHOTO: SHEPPARD ROBSON

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PHOTOS: HUFTON +CROW

PHOTO: HUFTON +CROW

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TheHive
TheHive
FCBStudios
FCB Studios
England[2012]
Worcester,2012

PHOTO: HUFTON +CROW

PHOTO: KLH UK

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Drawings: FCB Studios

PHOTOS: KLH UK

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PHOTO: HUFTON +CROW

BRDF
McFarlandMarceauArchitects
Vancouver[2012]

PHOTO: MCFARLAND MARCEAU ARCHITECTS,


DONERHARDT

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IMAGES:MCFARLAND MARCEAU ARCHITECTS

PHOTO: MCFARLAND MARCEAU ARCHITECTS

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DETAIL: EQUILIBRIUM

PHOTO: DONERHARDT

DETAIL: EQUILIBRIUM

PHOTO: MCFARLAND MARCEAU ARCHITECTS

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PHOTO: DONERHARDT

NMIT
IrvingSmithJackArchitects
Nelson[2011]

PHOTOS: PATRICK REYNOLDS

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IMAGES:ISJARCHITECTS

IMAGE:ISJARCHITECTS

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IMAGES:ANDYBUCHANAN

PHOTO: ISJARCHITECTS PHOTO: TIMCUFF

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PHOTOS: PATRICK REYNOLDS

RichardWoodcock
CenterforEducation
Mahlum Architects
Oregon[2016]

RENDERING &PHOTO: MAHLUM

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AtaGlance
Location:WesternOregon
University,Monmouth
ConstructionCost:14.5million
ProjectCost:18.6million
Area:52,000sf
Cost/SF:~$280
Height:2stories(~45tall)
Occupancy:B
Construction:TypeVB(mass
timber+lightwoodframing)

WoodComponents:Asmuchwoodaspossible!
:: CLT walls
::Prefabricatedlightwoodstudwalls(panelizedinshop)
::Solidwoodcolumns(6x6or6x8posts;HSScolumnsatheavilyloadedareas)
::Gluelaminatedbeams
::WoodOWT&WoodIJoistfloorswithplywoodsheathing&concretetopping
::CLT floors&concretetopping
::LockDeckwoodfloordecking,plywood&concretetopping
::Prefabricatedwoodrooftrusses(panelizedonsite)

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FirstFloorPlan

FirstFloorPlan

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SecondFloorPlan

Plywoodshearwall
ShearWall/CLTPlan CLT wall

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LockDeck
2nd FloorFramingPlan CLTFloor
WoodOWT
IJoist

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LockDeck
::CLT MovementinTwo
Directions

::DimensionalLumber
MovementinallFour
Directions

Source:LockDeck

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Image:EquilibriumEngineers

CLTWallElevations

Image:EquilibriumEngineers

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CLT
Delivery

ABOVE:MYTICON

CLTErection

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CLTWallBaseDetail

DRAWINGS:EQUILIBRIUM (OR)

CLTWallBaseDetail

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CLTWallBaseDetail

CLTtoGlulam

Drawing:EquilibriumEngineers

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CLTtoGlulam

Drawing:EquilibriumEngineers

CLTtoGlulam

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CLTPaneltoPanel

Drawing:EquilibriumEngineers

Screws

Drawing:EquilibriumEngineers

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CLTWall/WestStair

Drawings:EquilibriumEngineers

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CLTWall/EastStair

Drawing:EquilibriumEngineers

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Challenges

Unprotectedjointsathorizontalsurfaces

Unprotectedgrainat
verticalpanels

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PROJECT: H8
PHOTO: HUBER &SOHN
SCHANKULA ARCHITECTS

EuropeanExamples

Project:H8
PROJECT: CITY ACADEMY
Photo:Huber&Sohn
SHEPPARD ROBSON
Schankula Architects

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PHOTO: HUFTON +CROW

Questions?
JosephMayo,AIALEEDAP
jmayo@mahlum.com
Mahlum Architects
www.mahlum.com

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