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Rendering date: 2016-04-28 18:29:53

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CuZr0,15
UNS:C15100
EN:CW120C

Manufactures list:
Aurubis (http://www.aurubis.com/en/) - CuZr
Wieland-Werke AG (http://www.wieland.de/) - CuZr0,15(K82)

CuZr0,15 is a alloy that can be hardened by cold forming and moderately by precipitation
of CuZr during a heat treatment. It has good bendability, excellent hot and cold forming,
a high mechanical, electrical and thermal conductivity properties and good corrosion
resistance.

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Basic properties
Basic properties Value Comments
Density [g/cm3] 8,94
Specific heat capacity
385
[J/(kg*K)]
Temperature coefficient of
electrical resistance (0...100C) 3
[10-3/K]
Electrical conductivity [T=20C,
95
(% IACS)]
Thermal conductivity
360
[W/(m*K)]
Thermal expansion coefficient
17,6
20...300C [10-6/K]
[Ref: 176, 177, 184]

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Applications

Main applications

It is used to manufacture elements to: automotive switches and relays, contacts,


electrical connectors, terminals, electrical - electronic circuits, electrical connectors, lead
frames, switches, switch blade jaws, commutators for power transmitters, basses for
power transmitters, rectifiers, soldering and welding tips, circuit breakers, spring contact.
Literature: [Ref: 176, 177]

Kinds of semi-finished products/final products

Switches and relays, connectors, terminals, electronic circuits, leadframe, commutators


for power, transmitters, basses for power transmitters, rectifiers, soldering and welding
tips, circuit breakers.

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Chemical composition
Chemical composition Value Comments
Cu [wt.%] 99,85-99,95 Calculated
Zr [wt.%] 0,05-0,15
[Ref: 576]

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Mechanical properties
Mechanical properties Value Comments Literature
UTS [MPa] 255-490
YS [MPa] 60-455
Elongation [%] 2-35
Hardness 32-62 Rockwell B
Youngs modulus [GPa] 121
Kirchhoffs modulus [GPa] 46,4
Poisson ratio 0,3 Calculated

Material's mechanical and electrical properties in different tempers/ diameters -wires

Tensile Yield Elongation


Hardness
Temper strength, strength (min) Literature
Rockwell B
MPa (min), MPa A50mm
R280 (H01) 280-310 190 13 - [Ref: 176]
R300 (H02) 300-360 280 6 - [Ref: 176]
R320 (H03) 320-390 310 5 - [Ref: 176]
R360 (H04) 360-430 350 4 - [Ref: 176]
R400 (H06) 400-450 390 3 - [Ref: 176]
R440 (H08) 440-490 430 2 - [Ref: 176]
H01 295 240 32 32 [Ref: 177]
H02 325 295 10 38 [Ref: 178]
H03 360 345 5 48 [Ref: 179]
H06 430 415 2 60 [Ref: 180]
H08 470 455 2 62 [Ref: 181]
Annealed
255 60 35 - ASTM
(O61)

Electrical conductivity vs. temper CuZr0,15 [Ref: 176]

Electrical resistivity (20C): Annealed - 0,00000181 ohm*cm, Rolled - 0,00000192


ohm*cm [Ref: 177]

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Exploitation properties

Heat resistance

Mechanical and electrical properties vs temperatures

Plot of hardness change versus temperature as an indication of stability of lead frame


materials during assembly processes. Yield strength of each alloy before thermal
exposure is shown in parentheses. [Ref: 252]

Long-therm heat resistance, e.g. Arrhenius curve


NO DATA AVAILABLE

Half- softening temperature


NO DATA AVAILABLE

Corrosion resistance

Hydrogen embrittlement resistance


NO DATA AVAILABLE

Other kind of corrosion elements

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Weight-loss of specimens exposed in NaCl solution atmosphere of Cu0.36Cr, Cu,
Cu0.36Cr0.11Zr , CuZr0.15 (Note: NaCl atmospheric corrosion test in salt spray chamber
(in salt mist of 50 g NaCl/l) in the temperature of 35C, in accordance with ISO 3768-
1976 standard) [Ref: 225].

Type of corrosion Suitability Literature


Atmospheric Good [Ref: 176]
Marine environment Good [Ref: 176]
Stress crack Resistant [Ref: 176]
Hydrogen embrittlement No data -
Electrolytic No data -
Other - -

Rheological resistance

Stress relaxation
NO DATA AVAILABLE

Creep

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Plot showing stress for 100 hour rupture life at several temperature - powder
metallurgical alloy [Ref: 175]

Wear resistance

Friction resistance

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Plots of cumulative volume loss vs time for copper and its alloys under 20 N at (a) 0 A,
(b) 30 A and (c) 50 A. (Note: Cu-wire cold drawn, copper alloys - age hardened).
Examinations were performed by pin-on-disc tribometer. The negative sample was the
S30400 disc made of stainless steel. Examinations were carried out in an air atmosphere
with the velocity of 31 km/h and under loading of 10 - 20 N on a roll sample at the
diameter of 13 mm and length of 13 mm) [Ref: 216].

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Plots of cumulative volume loss vs time for copper and its alloys under load of (a) 10 N
and (b) 15 N at 50 A. (Note: Cu-wire cold drawn, copper alloys - age hardened).
Examinations were performed by pin-on-disc tribometer. The negative sample was the
S30400 disc made of stainless steel. Examinations were carried out in an air atmosphere
with the velocity of 31 km/h and under loading of 10 - 20 N on a roll sample at the
diameter of 13 mm and length of 13 mm) [Ref: 216].

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Sliding wear resistance for copper and its alloys under 20 N with and without current.
(Note: Cu-wire cold drawn, copper alloys - age hardened). Examinations were performed
by pin-on-disc tribometer. The negative sample was the S30400 disc made of stainless
steel. Examinations were carried out in an air atmosphere with the velocity of 31 km/h
and under loading of 10 - 20 N on a roll sample at the diameter of 13 mm and length of
13 mm) [Ref: 216]

Sliding wear resistance for various alloys under 20 N with and without current. (Note:
Cu-wire cold drawn, copper alloys - age hardened). Examinations were performed by pin-
on-disc tribometer. The negative sample was the S30400 disc made of stainless steel.
Examinations were carried out in an air atmosphere with the velocity of 31 km/h and
under loading of 10 - 20 N on a roll sample at the diameter of 13 mm and length of 13
mm) [Ref: 216].

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Plots of wear rate vs load for copper and its alloys at (a) 0 A, (b) 30 A and (c) 50 A.
(Note: Cu-wire cold drawn, copper alloys - age hardened). Examinations were performed
by pin-on-disc tribometer. The negative sample was the S30400 disc made of stainless
steel. Examinations were carried out in an air atmosphere with the velocity of 31 km/h
and under loading of 10 - 20 N on a roll sample at the diameter of 13 mm and length of
13 mm) [Ref: 216].

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Plots of wear rate vs current for copper and its alloys under (a) 10 N, (b) 15 N and (c) 20
N. (Note: Cu-wire cold drawn, copper alloys - age hardened). Examinations were
performed by pin-on-disc tribometer. The negative sample was the S30400 disc made of
stainless steel. Examinations were carried out in an air atmosphere with the velocity of
31 km/h and under loading of 10 - 20 N on a roll sample at the diameter of 13 mm and
length of 13 mm) [Ref: 216].

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Fatigue resistance

Fatigue cracking

The maximum bending load for 107 cycles without crack is measured. Dependent on the
temper class it is approximately 1/3 of the tensile strength [Ref: 176]

Bending properties of CuZr0,15 a)-90 bending, b)-180 bending [Ref: 176]

Impact strength
NO DATA AVAILABLE

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Fabrication properties
Fabrication properties Value Comments Literature
Soldering Excellent [Ref: 176]
Excellent, [Ref: 176, 183
Brazing
Good ]
Hot dip tinning Good [Ref: 176]
Electrolytic tinning Good [Ref: 176]
Electrolytic silvering Good [Ref: 176]
Electrolytic nickel coating Good [Ref: 176]
Laser welding Fair [Ref: 176]
Not
Oxyacetylene Welding [Ref: 268]
Recommended
Not
Gas Shielded Arc Welding [Ref: 268]
Recommended
Not
Coated Metal Arc Welding [Ref: 268]
Recommended
Not
Spot Weld [Ref: 268]
Recommended
Not
Seam Weld [Ref: 268]
Recommended
Butt Weld Good [Ref: 268]
Capacity for Being Cold Worked Excellent [Ref: 268]
Capacity for Being Hot Formed Excellent [Ref: 268]
Machinability Rating 20 [Ref: 177]

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Technological properties
Technological properties Value Comments Literature
Melting temperature [C] 1030-1098 [Ref: 184]
Annealling temperature [C] 450-550 [Ref: 176]
Homogenization temperature [Ref: 168, 170
900-925
[C] , 173]
[Ref: 168, 170
Quenching temperature [C] 900-925
, 173]
[Ref: 169, 170
Ageing temperature [C] 400-425 min. 1h
, 171]
Hot working temperature [C] 750-875 [Ref: 177]

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References:
168. Zirconium Copper (Amzirc Brand Copper), UNS C15000, 5 mm rod -
www.MatWeb.com

169. Zirconium Copper (Amzirc Brand Copper), UNS C15000, 1 mm wire -


www.MatWeb.com

170. Zirconium Copper (Amzirc Brand Copper), UNS C15000, 2.3 mm wire, aged
- www.MatWeb.com

171. Zirconium Copper (Amzirc Brand Copper), UNS C15000, 2.3 mm wire, no
solution treatment - www.MatWeb.com

173. Zirconium Copper (Amzirc Brand Copper), UNS C15000, 6 mm wire -


www.MatWeb.com

175. Cu-Zr and Cu-Zr-Cr alloys produced from rapidly quenched powders -
V.K.Sarin, N.J.Grant, Metallurgical Transactions vol.3, april 1972-875

176. Data Sheet - CuZr0,1 Industrial rolled - KME

177. ZHC Copper, UNS C15100, H01 Temper - www.MatWeb.com

178. ZHC Copper, UNS C15100, H02 Temper - www.MatWeb.com

179. ZHC Copper, UNS C15100, H03 Temper - www.MatWeb.com

180. ZHC Copper, UNS C15100, H06 Temper - www.MatWeb.com

181. ZHC Copper, UNS C15100, H08 Temper - www.MatWeb.com

183. Data Sheet - C15000 (Zirconium Copper) - www.copper.org

184. Data sheet - Alloy C15100 - PMX Industries INC

216. Sliding Wear and Corrosion Resistance of Copper-based Overhead Catenary


for Traction Systems - C.T. Kwok, P.K. Wong, H.C. Man and F.T. Cheng, IJR
International Journal of Railway Vol. 3, No. 1 / March 2010, pp. 19-27

225. Efect of Cr And Zr Addition on the Corrosion Behavior of Copper in the


Chloride Solution - Y. N. Zhang, M. S. Zheng and J. W. Zhu, Advanced Materials
Research Vols. 194-196 (2011) pp 1253-1256

252. Electronic Materials Handbook, vol.1 Packaging - ASM International

268. Copper Development Association Inc. - www.copper.org

576. B 747 (2011) Standard Specification for Copper-Zirconium Alloy Sheet and
Strip -

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