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SETTLEMENTMARKERS

Thesettlementmarkerisusedtomeasurealocalisedsettlementorheaveofroads,slopes,
embankments,utilitypipesandcables.

Concretetobe
paintedinyellow Painting

ConvexEnd
ConcreteNail

ConcreteNail

800minimum

Concrete

50mm
ConcreteStructure
100PVCor
SteelTube SandFill

75mmholefilledwith
cementgroutafter Schematicdiagramof installedsettlement
placinginthesteelrod.
markeronconcrete
25Steelrod

Schematicdiagramofinstalledsettlementmarkerinsoil

Backfill Backfillsoil

VariedLength

soil 75mmdiaHeavyduty
PVCpipewithCap

16mmdiamildsteelrod

50x50x4mmsteelplate

Crosssectionof
10cms Utilities/Services

Schematicdiagramofinstalledsettlementmarkeronutility

INSTALLATIONANDMONITORING

SettlementMarkeronConcrete SettlementMarkerfor Utility


InstalledonaPavement services SettlementMarkerinGround

Themonitoringofsettlementmarkeriscarriedoutbylevelingsurveyandreadingsaretakenatregularintervalsto
checkanysettlementorheave.

GROUNDWATERSTANDPIPE
Measuresfluctuationofgroundwaterlevel.Itisusedaspartofasystemforearlydetection
ofwaterlossthatcouldcausegroundsettlement.

INSTALLATION

Protective
Cover

GroundLevel

BentonitePellets

PerforatedPVCPipe

CoarseGrainSand

BottomCap

Acapandprotectiveboxisplaced

Schematicdiagramofgroundwaterstandpipe over the water standpipe tube


openingtopreventdisturbance.

MONITORING

Waterlevelindicator

Groundwaterlevelismeasuredbyusingwaterlevelindicator.Theprobeofwaterlevelindicatorislowereddowninto

thewaterstandpipeuntillightorbuzzerindicatescontactwiththewater.Depthtowaterlevelismeasuredfromthe
measuringtapeattachedtotheindicator.


VIBRATINGWIREPEIZOMETER
Measureschangesinthegroundwaterpressureatdifferentdepths.Itisusedaspartofa
systemforearlydetectionofchangeinwaterpressurethatcouldcausegroundsettlement.

INSTALLATION

Toterminal

Ground Level

Grout

ElectricCable

Bentonite
Pellets

Vibratingwire
CoarseGrain Vibratingwirepiezometertip
Piezometertip
Sand

Schematicdiagram

Theboreholewithvibrating wirepiezometerinstallediskeptinaprotectivemetalboxtoprevent
damage&disturbancetotheinstrument.

MONITORING

Vibratingwirepiezometer

datalogger

Thevibratingwire piezometerisconnectedtothereadoutunitandthe

groundwaterpressurereadingsarerecordedandstoredinthedatalogger

INCLINOMETER
Measureslateralmovementsoftheground,retainingwallsandpilesforearlydetectionof
anydisturbanceoreffecttostructuresandpropertyduetoconstructionactivity.

INSTALLATION

Protective
cover

GroundLevel

Grout

After the installation of Metal protective boxes


Inclinometer
casing inclinometercasinginthe areusedtopreventthe
hole, the casing top is instrumentsfrombeing

capped to prevent the disturbed. Instrument


Bottom
entryofforeignparticles. identification is affixed
ontothebox.

Schematicdiagramofinclinometercasing

MONITORING

Inclinometerprobe

Crosssectionviewofinclinometerprobeinsidethecasingduringmonitoringworks

Theinclinometerprobeislowereddownintothecasingandatevery0.5mintervalsitrecordsthelateralmovement.The
rawdataobtainedistransmittedfromtheinclinometerprobetoareadoutoraPDAbyBluetoothtechnology.


MAGNETICEXTENSOMETER
Measuressettlementofthegroundatvariousdepthsforearlydetectionofanydisturbance
oreffectduetoconstructionactivity.

INSTALLATION

Installedcasingiscappedandkeptinaprotective

metalboxtopreventdamage&disturbance

Schematicdiagramofmagneticextensometer

MONITORING


Magneticextensometerprobe&spidermagnet

Themagneticextensometerprobeislowereddownintothecasinguntilllightorbuzzerindicatesthecontactwiththespider
magnet.Depthofthemagnetismeasuredfromthemeasuringtapeattachedtotheprobe.