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Mathematics Competition Practice

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers
the question.
Give the domain and range of the relation.
1) {(11, -3), (-2, -7), (-5, -6), (-5, 6)}
A) domain = {11, -2, -5}; range = {-3, -7, -6, 6}
B) domain = {-3, -7, -6, 6}; range = {11, -2, -5}
C) domain = {11, -2, -5, -15}; range = {-3, -7, -6, 6}
D) domain = {11, -2, -5, 5}; range = {-3, -7, -6, 6}
2) {(8, 2), (5, -8), (-1, 5), (-1, 7)}
A) domain = {5, 8, -1}; range = {-8, 2, 5, 7} B) domain = {5, 8, -1, 1}; range = {-8, 2, 5, 7}
C) domain = {5, 8, -1, -11}; range = {-8, 2, 5, 7} D) domain = {-8, 2, 5, 7}; range = {5, 8, -1}

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers
the question.
Evaluate the function at the given value of the independent variable and simplify.
1) f(x) = -2x + 1; f(-3)
A) 7 B) 3 C) 5 D) -1
2) f(x) = x2 - 5; f(x - 4)
A) x2 - 8x + 11 B) x2 + 16 C) x2 - 8x + 16 D) x2 9
9) The function P(x) = 0.95x - 60 models the relationship between the number of pretzels x that a
certain vendor
sells and the profit the vendor makes. Find P(600), the profit the vendor makes from selling 600
pretzels.
A) $510 B) $570 C) $630 D) $540
1- Add or subtract as indicated and write the result in standard form.
1) (4 - 8i) + (7 + 5i)
A) 11 - 3i B) 11 + 3i C) -3 + 13i D) -11 + 3i
Complex numbers are used in electronics to describe the current in an electric circuit.
Ohms law relates the current in a
circuit, I, in amperes, the voltage of the circuit, E, in volts, and the resistance of the circuit,
R, in ohms, by the formula
E = IR. Solve the problem using this formula.
11) Find E, the voltage of a circuit, if I = (3 + 6i) amperes and R = (5 + 6i) ohms.
A) (-21 + 48i) volts B) (-21 - 48i) volts C) (48 - 21i) volts D) (48 + 21i) volts

Find the slant asymptote, if any, of the graph of the rational function.
1) f(x) = x2 - 4
x
A) y = x B) y = x - 4
C) x = 0 D) no slant asymptote

5) The function f(x) = 300(0.5)x/50 models the amount in pounds of a particular radioactive
material stored in a
concrete vault, where x is the number of years since the material was put into the vault. Find the
amount of
radioactive material in the vault after 130 years. Round to the nearest whole number.
A) 49 pounds B) 230 pounds C) 390 pounds D) 58 pounds

6) The rabbit population in a forest area grows at the rate of 9% monthly. If there are 290 rabbits
in September,
find how many rabbits (rounded to the nearest whole number) should be expected by next
September. Use
y = 290(2.7)0.09t.
A) 848 B) 846 C) 861 D) 835

The size of the bear population at a national park increases at the rate of 4.7% per year. If the
size of the current
population is 198, find how many bears there should be in 8 years. Use the function f(x) =
198e0.047t and
round to the nearest whole number.
A) 288 B) 290 C) 286 D) 292

4) The population in a particular country is growing at the rate of 1.4% per year. If 3,819,000
people lived there in
1999, how many will there be in the year 2007? Use f(x) = y0e0.014t and round to the nearest
ten-thousand.
A) 4,270,000 B) 4,700,000 C) 4,190,000 D) 5,130,000

Find the domain of the logarithmic function.


1) f(x) = log 6 (x + 1)
A) (-1, ) B) (6, ) C) (1, ) D) (-, 0) or (0, )

A car is traveling at 33 mph. If its tires have a diameter of 26 inches, how fast are the cars tires
turning? Express
the answer in revolutions per minute. If necessary, round to two decimal places.
A) 426.63 revolutions per minute B) 2680.62 revolutions per minute
C) 445.63 revolutions per minute D) 853.26 revolutions per minute

Find the exact value of the expression. Do not use a calculator.


1) 1 + sin2 70 + sin2 20
A) 2 B) 0 C) -1 D) 1

Show that the equation is not an identity by finding a value of x for which both sides are
defined but not equal.
1) cos (x + ) = cos x
A) 0 B) 2
C) - 2
D) 3/2

Express the product as a sum or difference.


2) sin 7x cos 3x
A) 12
(sin 10x + sin 4x) B) sin (cos 21x2)
C) 12(cos 10x - cos 4x) D) 12
(sin 10x + cos 4x)

Two sides and an angle (SSA) of a triangle are given. Determine whether the given
measurements produce one triangle,
two triangles, or no triangle at all. Solve each triangle that results. Round lengths to the
nearest tenth and angle
measures to the nearest degree.
1) A = 30, a = 21, b = 42
A) B = 90, C = 60, c = 36.4 B) B = 60, C = 90, c = 36.4
C) B = 60, C = 60, c = 36.4 D) no triangle
2) B = 80, b = 5, a = 23
A) no triangle B) A = 41, C = 60, c = 32
C) A = 40, C = 60, c = 28 D) A = 39, C = 60, c = 30

1) A surveyor standing 52 meters from the base of a building measures the angle to the top of the
building and
finds it to be 36. The surveyor then measures the angle to the top of the radio tower on the
building and finds
that it is 48. How tall is the radio tower?
A) 19.97 meters B) 8.08 meters C) 7.27 meters D) 11.05 meters
A plane flying a straight course observes a mountain at a bearing of 31.3 to the right of its
course. At that time
the plane is 8 kilometers from the mountain. A short time later, the bearing to the mountain
becomes 41.3.
How far is the plane from the mountain when the second bearing is taken (to the nearest tenth of
a km)?
A) 6.3 kilometers B) 10.2 kilometers C) 11.4 kilometers D) 4.2 kilometers