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Human Rights

Monitoring:
Steps for Success

Human rights monitoring: a set of planned actions to investigate a


certain human rights issue or situation

through assessed against aimed at

active collection human rights & obligations of achieving change


and verification of standards the state in the given situation
information

Who can do it?

international national human civil society state actors


organizations rights institutions organizations

Key principles

Provide precise
Do no harm information based
on facts
Emphasize state Be aware of risk of
responsibility (re)traumatization

Build credibility & trust Maintain integrity &


behave professionally

Seek informed consent Be transparent

Maintain confidentiality Be impartial &


& privacy objective

Know relevant human Include gender


rights standards perspective

Monitoring cycle Accurately identify


problem you want to
address
Estimate added value
of monitoring this
Immediate/short-term particular human
rights issue
Organize meetings with
authorities Initial assessment Set aims and objectives
of human rights of your monitoring
Inform international
human rights bodies issue S pecific
Measurable
Longer term A ttainable
Raise public awareness Relevant
Create civil society coalitions Time-based
Build capacity of other
actors, e.g. by
organizing trainings
Push for legislative reforms
Take legal action
Information
Monitor implementation of gathering
recommendations

Follow-up
Verification
and analysis
Report writing
Check all available
Include: Describe: sources, including:
methodology traditional & social media
executive summary
international legal & recommendations from
recommendations policy framework international organizations
on particular human rights
good practices domestic legal & situation
policy framework
reports from civil society
use simple and objective language organizations
government whitepapers
national legislation
Estimate credibility of Identify relevant actors,
key aspects, causes & Make direct observations
your sources (take photos where possible)
legal/normative
Cross-check information consequences of human
using multiple sources rights problem Organize focus groups
Identify governments Conduct interviews/
Look for discrepancies in obligations under surveys
information collection; national & international
corroborate information human rights law Align information-
Identify gaps in gathering methods with
Consider personal biases monitoring objectives
in your analysis implementation of
human rights
Look for consistent patterns/trends in human rights
violations & articulate human rights problem

Gender Safety & security


Take into account different needs of Key aspect of human rights monitoring
women & men, boys & girls at all
stages of the monitoring cycle.
Gather sex- & age-disaggregated data Asses threats Improve capacities
& reduce risks
Analyse how implications of human rights Consider:
violations affect men & women differently
physical safety and security &
Gender-balance your sources psychosocial health
Make sure recommendations are digital safety and security (storing
gender-sensitive information, online communication)
Create coalitions with civil society
organizations focusing on rights of Use specialized security tools
women and of boys & girls & manuals available online

This visual builds upon the Human Rights Monitoring Training Curriculum, a tool developed by ODIHR to strengthen
human rights monitoring capacities of civil society organizations in the OSCE region. The curriculum was used on
multiple occasions during its development to train Ukrainian civil society organizations as part of the Offices project
Strengthening Dialogue among Civil Society and with Key Government Stakeholders in Ukraine.
To learn more about ODIHR's work in the area of human rights and fundamental freedoms, visit www.osce.org/odihr/
human-rights, to learn more about ODIHRs work in Ukraine, see http://www.osce.org/odihr/ukraine.