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Loss Reduction & Reactive Power Support in

Rajasthan Power System:A Case Study


Suresh Prajapat Dr. M.P. Sharma Shivani Johri Bhavesh Vyas
Student, M. Tech Assistant Engineer Assistant Professor Asst. Professor, EE Dept.
Shri Balaji College of Engg. & Tech. RRVPNL Shri Balaji College of Engg.& Tech. Arya College of Engineering & I.T
Jaipur, India Jaipur, India Jaipur, India Jaipur, India
sureshsp90@gmail.com mahavir_sh@rediffmail.com Sjohri07@gmail.com tonu567@gmail.com

AbstractThis paper presents case study of real time system transformer loading were briefed by A.A. Sallam et al. in
operation to reduce losses with optimum utilization of existing 2002 [4]. It has been observed that Rajasthan Power System
transmission system elements. West-North part of Rajasthan is lacking ways of optimum reactive power management [5]
power system having one 400 kV GSS, five 220 kV GSS and thus creating higher losses. Therefore different case study
nineteen 132 kV GSS have been selected to carry out case study with simulations has been carried from previously recorded
and simulated in PSSE software. Simulation model consists of 55 literature methods and which are presently not actively taking
buses, 34 transmission lines, 66 transformers and 34 capacitor part in grid operations in Rajasthan State power system.
banks. Total system load is 594.95 MW & 325.56 MVAR. Eight
cases have been simulated considering the effect of transformer II. OBJECTIVES OF CASE STUDY
tap position, closing of opened transmission lines and shunt
capacitors. From simulation studies it is found out that In power system, On Load Tap Changer (OLTC) is
transmission losses are reduced by 50.36 % in addition to
attached with power transformers to change the tap ratio to
improve network voltage profile and reduce loading.
regulate the voltage in different grid conditions but due to
KeywordsGrid Substation; Transformer Tap Setting; Load flow manual operation of OLTC some times it is not operated at
studies; transmission loss reduction; voltage profile improvement. few Grid Substations (GSS). In this research paper, effect of
change of transformers tap position on loading of transformers
I. INTRODUCTION & lines, network voltage profile and system losses have been
Reactive power management is a fixed part of power simulated. Capacitor banks are installed at 33 kV bus of every
system. India has one of the highest levels of electricity losses EHV GSS to improve the 33 kV bus power factor upto 0.98 in
in the world. Consistently research has been carried over role peak load condition and operated as per loading condition of
of reactive power management in Rajasthan power system. By individual GSS. Under low load condition of a GSS , capacitor
observing poor power factor of lines and transformers, higher bank is kept out of circuit whereas particular area of power
transmission losses, increased loading and poor voltage profile system is deficit of reactive power. In this research paper,
of the network. A case study of Rajasthan power system has under this scenario capacitor banks have been switched ON to
been presented and studied to evaluate transmission losses and simulate the effect on grid parameters and losses. In Rajasthan
to diagnosis the actual condition of real time system under power system 132 kV transmission system is radially operated
operation. to control the power flow in various system conditions.
Therefore, approximately one hundred fifteen 132 kV
Therefore loss reduction of real time test system through transmission lines are opened. These transmission lines are
routine activities has been evaluated. From the literature used in contingency of grid. Moreover, parallel 220 kV
presented by early researchers improvements in terms of transmission lines are got opened by State Load Despatch
voltage profile and loss reduction could be achieved by Center (SLDC) under high voltage condition. Due to
effective coordination of equipments working at sub stations. communication gap and responsibility, opened transmission
Losses have been increased drastically no concern is being lines are not taken in circuit when system voltage is under
carried for transformer tap position and transmission lines control. In this research paper, effect of closing of opened
connection on/Off status etc. Evaluation of various literature transmission lines on loading of transformers & lines, network
procedures has not yet been appropriately applied in Rajasthan voltage profile and system losses have been simulated.
State Power System. As instructed by Carson W. Taylor static III. TEST SYSTEM DATA
var compensators were designed specifically for transmission
voltage regulation [2]. Genetic algorithm have also paved the Single line diagram of test system is placed at Fig-1.
path for optimal reactive power dispatch proposed by W.N.W
Abdullah H. Saibon [3] by scheduling reactive power in an
optimum manner which reduces circulating VAR of system
and thus promoting consistent voltage profile and appreciable
MW saving.
Shunt capacitors compensation power loss reduction by
maintaining system voltage profile and reducing the lines and
Case I : Load flow study (LFS) for existing operating
condition
Case II : LFS with closing of opened 220kV line
In Case I, one circuit of 220 kV D/C Bikaner Gajner line is
opened which closed and again simulated while other
conditions remains unchanged.
Case III : LFS with closing of opened 132kV lines
In Case I, five 132 kV S/C lines are opened which closed and
again simulated while other conditions remains unchanged.
Case IV : LFS with closing of opened 220kV&132kV lines
In this case opened 220 kV and 132 kV circuits are closed.
Fig. 1 Single Line Diagram of Test System Case V: LFS with switching ON of switched OFF shunt
capacitor banks
Simulation model have 55 buses comprising one 400 kV bus, In case I, capacitor banks at bus 39 & 42 are switched OFF
six 220 kV buses, twenty four 132 kV buses and twenty four which are switched on.
33 kV buses. Simulation model have 34 transmission lines Case VI : Increase of tap position of 400/220 kV and
comprising seven 220 kV voltage level and twenty seven 132 220/132 kV transformers
kV voltage level. There are total 66 transformers out of In case I, voltage of most of 220kV and 132kV buses are
which two 400/220 kV, elven 220/132 kV and fifty three below 0.95pu. Therefore, tap position of 400/220 kV
132/33 kV transformers. Thirty four capacitors of 5.43 MVAR transformers is increased from 9 to 13 and 220/132kV
individual rating and total 184.62 MVAR capacity are transformers at Gajner, Nokha, Badnu & Sridungargarh is
connected to 33 kV buses. Total system load is 594.95 MW increased from 9 to 11 and at Bikaner from 9 to 13 and case is
and 325.56 MVAR having constant power characteristic and simulated. In this case voltage of all 132kV & 220kV buses
connected at 33 kV voltage level. Detailed data of Simulation are above 0.95pu.
model are placed at Appendix-1. Case VII : Increase of tap position of 400/220 kV, 220/132
kV & 132/33kV transformers
IV. LOAD FLOW STUDY. In case VI, voltage of 33kV bus no. 34, 35 and 46 are below
Actual power flow on lines & transformers, 33 kV bus 0.95 pu. Therefore, tap position of 132/33kV transformers
load, bus voltage, transformer tap positions, operating status connected to these buses is also increased from 9 to 13 to
of lines & capacitor banks for West-North part of Rajasthan increase voltage of these buses above 0.95pu.
have been collected on 31.12.2016 at 1 PM. Actual operating Case VIII : Closing of opened lines & capacitor banks and
condition has been simulated in PSSE software. 400 kV Bus increase of tap position of transformers
of 400 kV GSS Bikaner is set as swing bus with 1.02 PU In this case first of all, opened lines and shunt capacitor banks
voltage setting to carry out simulations. Load flow study are closed and simulated. In case VI, voltage of 33kV bus no.
results with actual operating condition are plotted at Fig. 2 and 34, 35 and 46 are below 0.95 pu. Therefore, tap position of
analyzed here under :-
132/33kV transformers connected to these buses is also
Transmission losses are 22.219MW (3.734%) which are
increased from 9 to 13 to increase voltage of these buses
higher than bench mark viz. 2 %.
above 0.95pu.
Voltage of all buses is below 0.95 PU
Results are plotted from fig. 2 to fig. 9.
Minimum bus voltage at 220kV, 132kV & 33kV are
0.8826PU, 0.7752PU & 0.7435PU respectively.
Swing bus power factor is 0.81
One 220kV and five 132kV transmission lines are opened.
Two capacitor banks are switched OFF.
All transformers tap position is at nominal.
To simulate the effect of change of transformers tap position,
closing of opened transmission lines and shunt capacitors,
following eight cases have been simulated in PSSE software :-

Fig. 2 Load Flow Results of Case I


Fig. 3 Load Flow Results of Case II Fig. 7 Load Flow Results of Case VI

Fig. 4 Load Flow Results of Case III


Fig. 8 Load Flow Results of Case VII

Fig. 5 Load Flow Results of Case IV


Fig. 9 Load Flow Results of Case VIII
V. RESULT ANALYSIS
A. Effect on Transmission Losses
Power system losses for different cases are tabulated in Table-
I. The simulation results shows that with optimum utilization
of existing elements transmission losses are reduced by 50%
due to increase of system voltage, decrease of reactive power
flow on transmission lines and decrease of network resistance.
TABLE I TRANSMISSION LOSSES
Particulars Loss (MW) % Loss % Loss Reduction
Fig. 6 Load Flow Results of Case V Case-I 22.219 3.734 -
Case-II 20.600 3.462 7.29
Case-III 17.083 2.871 23.12
Case-IV 15.539 2.611 30.06
Case-V 21.489 3.611 3.29
Case-VI 14.848 2.495 33.17
Case-VII 14.758 2.48 33.58
Case-VIII 11.029 1.853 50.36
In Case VIII system losses are reduced by 11.19MW as improved as indicated in table III. Value of minimum bus
compared to Case-I. Considering 80 percent load factor, voltage is also improved. In case VIII, voltage of all buses is
Annual Energy Saving (AES) is determined. above 0.95 PU.
Loss load factor (LLF) = 0.3 (LF) + 0.7 (LF) 2 = 0.688 (1) TABLE III NETWORK VOLTAGE RANGE
AES = [11.19 x8760xLLF/102 LUs/Annum] (2) 0.90 V < 0.95 V 1< V < Min. Bus
Particulars V < 0.90
AES = 674.40 LUs/Annum (3) 0.95 1 1.05 Voltage
CASE-I 52 2 0 1 0.7435
Annual cost saving = Units Saved X tariff rate (4)
CASE-II 51 3 0 1 0.7623
ACS = (674.40)X(5) (5) CASE-III 49 5 0 1 0.7845
ACS = Rs. 3372 Lakhs/Annum (6) CASE-IV 44 9 1 1 0.81
CASE-V 51 3 0 1 0.7543
CASE-VI 0 3 35 17 0.9191
B. Effect on Swing Bus Loading CASE-VII 0 0 36 19 0.9522
CASE-VIII 0 0 11 44 0.9678
Swing bus loading for different cases are tabulated in Table-II.
The simulation results shows that with optimum utilization of D. Effect on loading of Lines and Transformers
existing elements swing bus MW & MVAR loading is
reduced and power factor is improved. Loading of substation transformers and lines in Case-I to
TABLE II SWING BUS LOADING AND POWER FACTOR Case-II have been tabulated at Table IV to VI.
Swing Bus loading TABLE IV MVA LOADING OF TRANSFORMERS
Particulars
MW MVAR Power Factor
Case-I 617.17 445.39 0.810 Voltage Case Case- Case- Case- Case Case- Case- Case-
Name of GSS
Case-II 615.55 416.37 0.828 Ratio -I II III IV -V VI VII VIII
Case-III 612.03 401.93 0.835
400 kV Bikaner 400/220 761 743 732 715 748 672 671 646
Case-IV 610.49 372.78 0.853
220 kV Bikaner 220/132 209 187 232 216 204 201 200 204
Case-V 616.44 425.11 0.823
220 kV Nokha 220/132 113 112 91 88 112 106 106 83
Case-VI 609.80 283.63 0.906
220 KV S.
Case-VII 609.71 281.13 0.908 220/132 127 127 123 120 127 118 118 113
Dungargarh
Case-VIII 605.98 226.04 0.936 220 KV Gajner 220/132 114 131 119 139 111 96 96 129
220 KV Badnu 220/132 123 122 105 102 123 118 118 96
C. Effect on network voltage profile
TABLE V MVA LOADING OF LINES
Power system voltage from case I to Case VIII at the Case- Case- Case- Case- Case- Case- Case-
different bus voltage level at various represented GSS and NAME OF LINE Case-I
II III IV V VI VII VIII
detail graphical representation and its variation profile is given 220 KV S/C Bikaner-
235 220 238 224 232 224 223 210
in Fig.10 at 220 kV bus voltage level, Fig.11 at 132 kV bus Bikaner Line(Circuit-I)
voltage level and Fig.12 at 33 kV bus voltage level. 220 KV S/C Bikaner-
102 95 103 97 100 97 97 91
Bikaner Line(Circuit-II)
220 KV D/C Bikaner-
116 64 121 68 113 97 97 63
Gajner Line (Circuit-I)
220 KV D/C Bikaner-
OFF 64 OFF 68 OFF OFF OFF 63
Gajner Line (Circuit-II)
220 KV S/C Bikaner-
140 130 126 122 130 119 119 114
Sridungargarh Line
220 KV S/C Bikaner-
115 115 92 88 115 106 106 83
Nokha Line
220 KV S/C Bikaner-
Fig. 10 220kV bus voltage 126 126 106 103 126 120 120 96
Badnu Line
TABLE VI RANGE OF LOADING OF LINES

MVA 0.50 0.50 < MVA 0.75 0.75 < MVA 1.00 MVA > 1
Case-I 19 10 3 2
Case-II 20 9 3 2
Case-III 24 8 0 2
Case-IV 25 7 0 2
Case-V 19 10 3 2
Case-VI 20 10 2 2
Fig. 11 132kV Bus Voltage Case-VII 20 10 2 2
Case-VIII 26 6 0 2

Number of buses which are fall in certain voltage range and As per studies, loading on transformers and lines are reduced
minimum bus voltage in each case is tabulated at table III. in Case VIII as compared to Case I.
From Case I to Case VIII, voltage profile of the network is
E. Effect on MVAR flow on Lines and Transformers REFERENCES

MVAR flow on transformers and lines in Case-I to Case-II REFERENCES


have been tabulated at Table VII to VIII. [1] [Online]: http://energy.rajasthan.gov.in, Energy Portal Government of
Rajasthan,
TABLE VII MVAR FLOW ON TRANSFORMERS
[2] P. Kundur, Power System Stability and Control, Tata McGraw Hill
publications, New Delhi, 2007.
Case Case- Case- Case- Case Case- Case- Case- [3] Carson W. Taylor Line drop compensation, high side voltage control,
Name of GSS
-I II III IV -V VI VII VIII secondary voltage control-why not control a generator like a static var
400 kV Bikaner 444 416 402 373 425 284 281 226 compensator? ,Published in IEEE Power Engineering Society Summer
Meeting, 16-20 July 2000.
220 kV Bikaner 108 92 110 97 101 86 85 64
220 kV Nokha 50 49 33 31 49 34 34 19 [4] W.N.W Abdullah, H. Saibon and K.L. Lo, Genetic Algorithm for
220 KV S. Reactive Power Dispatch Published in Energy Management and Power
61 59 57 43 60 38 38 36 Delivery 1998, under Proceedings of EMPD, on 5 March 1998.
Dungargarh
220 KV Gajner 57 64 55 63 51 24 24 38 [5] A.A. Sallam, M. Desouky, Shunt capacitor effect on electrical
220 KV Badnu 45 44 38 36 44 31 31 23 distribution system reliability, published in IEEE Transactions on
Reliability, Vol. 43, Aug.,2002, P.No. 170-176.
TABLE VIII MVAR FLOW ON LINES [6] PSS/E website, Siemens PTI, https://w3.siemens.com/smartgrid/
global/en/products-systems-solutions/software-solutions/planning-data
Case- Case- Case- Case- Case- Case- Case- Case- management-software/planning-simulation/Pages/PSS-E.aspx.
NAME OF LINE
I II III IV V VI VII VIII [7] Ravi Panwar, Vikas Sharma, Dr. M.P Sharma, Bhavesh Vyas,
220 KV S/C Bikaner- Circulating MVAr Control in Rajasthan (India) Transmission System
112 99 106 95 106 82 81 58
Bikaner Line(Circuit-I) presented at IEEE, ICPEICES-2016, Delhi Technical University, 4-6
220 KV S/C Bikaner- July, 2016.
47 42 45 40 45 34 34 24
Bikaner Line(Circuit-II) [8] Rajasthan Electricity Regulatory Commission Grid Code, Jaipur, (As
220 KV D/C Bikaner- per Electricity Act, 2003),
57 27 56 27 51 20 20 12
Gajner Line (Circuit-I) [Online]: http://www.rvpn.co.in/aboutus/GridCode-01.pdf.
220 KV D/C Bikaner-
OFF 27 OFF 27 OFF OFF OFF 12 APPENDIX-1
Gajner Line (Circuit-II)
220 KV S/C Bikaner-
63 62 59 56 62 36 36 34
TABLE IX BUS DATA
Sridungargarh Line Bus No. Bus Name Nominal Bus Voltage (kV) Max. Bus Voltage (PU) Min. Bus Voltage (PU)
220 KV S/C Bikaner-
51 50 30 27 50 30 30 12
1 BIKANER400KV 400.0 1.05 0.95
Nokha Line 2
3
BIKANER_42
BIKANER220
220.0
220.0
1.05
1.05
0.95
0.95
220 KV S/C Bikaner-
48 46 38 35 47 30 29 18
4 GAJNER220KV 220.0 1.05 0.95
Badnu Line 5
6
NOKHA220KV
BADNU220KV
220.0
220.0
1.05
1.05
0.95
0.95
7 SRIDUNGH220 220.0 1.05 0.95

As per studies, MVAR flow on transformers and lines are


8 LALMDSR132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95
9 LOONKRNSR132 132.0 1.05 0.95

reduced in Case VIII as compared to Case I.


10 SHARERA132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95
11 DULCHSR132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95
12 PUGALRD132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95

VI. CONCLUSION
13 BHINASR132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95
14 GAJNER132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95
15 NOKHAD132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95
In this paper, case study of Rajasthan power system has been 16 KOLAYAT132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95

presented and studied to evaluate the impact of optimum


17 BAJJU132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95
18 PS1_132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95

utilization of existing transmission system elements on


19 PS2_132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95
20 NOKHA132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95

transmission losses and other system parameters. Studies have


21 DESHNOK132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95
22 PANCHU132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95
been carried for existing power system operation (Case-I) 23 JASRASR132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95

versus proposed power system operation (Case-VIII).


24 BADNU132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95
25 BIKANER132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95

Following are the conclusions of study:


26 NAPASAR132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95
27 MOONDSR132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95

1. Reactive power flow on transmission lines and


28 SRIDUNG2_132 132.0 1.05 0.95
29 SRIDUNG1_132 132.0 1.05 0.95

transformers have been reduced in Case-VIII as compared


30 RIRI132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95
31 UPANI132KV 132.0 1.05 0.95

to Case-I. 32
33
BIKANER33KV
LOONKRNSR33
33.0
33.0
1.05
1.05
0.95
0.95

2. The loading on transmission lines and transformers have


34 SHARERA33KV 33.0 1.05 0.95
35 DULCHSR33KV 33.0 1.05 0.95

been decreased in Case-VIII as compared to Case-I which


36 PUGALRD33KV 33.0 1.05 0.95
37 BHINASR33KV 33.0 1.05 0.95

is due to reduction MVAR flow on lines and 38


39
GAJNER33KV
NOKHAD33KV
33.0
33.0
1.05
1.05
0.95
0.95

transformers. This spare capacity can be used to meet the 40


41
KOLAYAT33KV
BAJJU33KV
33.0
33.0
1.05
1.05
0.95
0.95
increasing demand of respective areas and avoid the 42 PS1_33KV 33.0 1.05 0.95

augmentation of system.
43 PS2_33KV 33.0 1.05 0.95
44 NOKHA33KV 33.0 1.05 0.95
45 DESHNOK33KV 33.0 1.05 0.95
3. It is seen that network voltage profile in Case-VIII is 46 PANCHU33KV 33.0 1.05 0.95

better than Case-I.


47 JASRASR33KV 33.0 1.05 0.95
48 BADNU33KV 33.0 1.05 0.95
49 LALAMDSR33KV 33.0 1.05 0.95

4. MW losses are significantly reduced in Case VIII as 50


51
NAPASAR33KV
MOONDSR33KV
33.0
33.0
1.05
1.05
0.95
0.95

compare to Case I. 52
53
SRIDUNG2_33
SRIDUNG1_33
33.0
33.0
1.05
1.05
0.95
0.95
54 RIRI33KV 33.0 1.05 0.95
55 UPANI33KV 33.0 1.05 0.95
TABLE X LINE DATA

TABLE XIII TRANSFORMER DATA


Line Volt. Line Line Line Charging B
From Bus No. To Bus No. Line Length (kM)
(kV) R (pu) X (pu) (pu)
From Bus No. To Bus No. Id Total Tap Positions Full load loss (kW) Specified X (pu) Rating (MVA)
2 3 220 0.001547 0.008249 0.0142 10 1 2 1 17 430 0.13 315
2 3 220 0.003558 0.018973 0.03266 23 1 2 2 17 430 0.13 315
2 4 220 0.009127 0.048669 0.08378 59 3 25 1 21 160 0.12 100
2 4 220 0.009127 0.048669 0.08378 59 3 25 2 21 160 0.12 100
2 5 220 0.011448 0.061043 0.10508 74 3 25 3 21 160 0.12 100
2 7 220 0.009127 0.048669 0.08378 59 4 14 1 21 185 0.12 160
3 6 220 0.01021 0.054443 0.09372 66 4 14 2 21 160 0.12 100
8 23 132 0.017689 0.042104 0.00969 19 5 20 1 21 185 0.12 160
8 24 132 0.011172 0.026592 0.00612 12 5 20 2 21 160 0.12 100
9 25 132 0.060515 0.14404 0.03315 65 6 24 1 21 185 0.12 160
10 11 132 0.035378 0.084208 0.01938 38 6 24 2 21 185 0.12 160
10 25 132 0.04655 0.1108 0.0255 50 7 28 1 21 160 0.12 100
11 28 132 0.032585 0.07756 0.01785 35 7 28 2 21 160 0.12 100
12 14 132 0.023275 0.0554 0.01275 25 8 49 1 17 65 0.1 25
12 25 132 0.023275 0.0554 0.01275 25 9 33 1 17 65 0.1 25
13 14 132 0.023275 0.0554 0.01275 25 9 33 2 17 65 0.1 25
13 25 132 0.013965 0.03324 0.00765 15 10 34 1 17 65 0.1 25
14 15 132 0.020482 0.048752 0.01122 22 11 35 1 17 140 0.1 50
14 16 132 0.020482 0.048752 0.01122 22 11 35 2 17 65 0.1 25
16 17 132 0.040964 0.097504 0.02244 44
12 36 1 17 140 0.1 50
17 18 132 0.047481 0.113016 0.02601 51
12 36 2 17 65 0.1 25
18 19 132 0.00931 0.02216 0.0051 10
20 21 132 0.031654 0.075344 0.01734 34 13 37 1 17 65 0.1 25
20 23 132 0.036309 0.086424 0.01989 39 13 37 2 17 65 0.1 25
20 23 132 0.036309 0.086424 0.01989 39 13 37 3 17 65 0.1 25
21 22 132 0.029792 0.070912 0.01632 32 14 38 1 17 140 0.1 50
21 25 132 0.023275 0.0554 0.01275 25
14 38 2 17 65 0.1 25
24 27 132 0.013034 0.031024 0.00714 14
24 28 132 0.026068 0.062048 0.01428 28 14 38 3 17 65 0.1 25
25 26 132 0.019551 0.046536 0.01071 21 15 39 1 17 55 0.1 12.5
26 27 132 0.013965 0.03324 0.00765 15 15 39 2 17 55 0.1 0
28 29 132 0.002793 0.006648 0.00153 3 16 40 1 17 65 0.1 25
28 30 132 0.015827 0.037672 0.00867 17
16 40 2 17 65 0.1 25
30 31 132 0.012103 0.028808 0.00663 13
16 40 3 17 65 0.1 25
17 41 1 17 55 0.1 12.5
TABLE XI LOAD DATA
17 41 2 17 55 0.1 12.5
S. No. Bus No. Pload (MW) Qload (Mvar) 18 42 1 17 65 0.1 25
1 32 34.9 14.97 18 42 2 17 65 0.1 25
2 33 30.18 17.91 19 43 1 17 65 0.1 25
3 34 15.47 8.81 20 44 1 17 140 0.1 50
4 35 31.68 21.7 20 44 2 17 140 0.1 50
5 36 33.6 15.7 20 44 3 17 65 0.1 25
6 37 50 30 21 45 1 17 65 0.1 25
7 38 5.39 3.34
21 45 2 17 65 0.1 25
8 39 3.22 1.56
21 45 3 17 65 0.1 25
9 40 47.42 35.56
22 46 1 17 65 0.1 25
10 41 11.48 4.54 23 47 1 17 65 0.1 25
11 42 5.71 0.81 23 47 2 17 65 0.1 25
24 48 1 17 65 0.1 25
12 43 1.5 0.8
24 48 2 17 65 0.1 25
13 44 17.2 11.69 24 48 3 17 65 0.1 25
14 45 41.59 20.14 25 32 1 17 140 0.1 50
15 46 14 8.31 25 32 2 17 140 0.1 50
16 47 26.44 12.81 25 32 3 17 65 0.1 25
17 48 47.55 23.43 26 50 1 17 65 0.1 25
18 49 15.63 5.14 26 50 2 17 65 0.1 25
19 50 40 13.15 26 50 3 17 55 0.1 12.5
20 51 10.38 3.77 27 51 1 17 65 0.1 25
21 52 29 17.97 27 51 2 17 55 0.1 12.5
22 53 36 22.31 28 52 1 17 140 0.1 0
23 54 26 16.11 28 52 2 17 65 0.1 25
24 55 20.61 15.03 29 53 1 17 65 0.1 25
Total 594.95 325.56 29 53 2 17 65 0.1 25
30 54 1 17 65 0.1 25
TABLE XII CAPACITOR DATA 30 54 2 17 65 0.1 25
30 54 3 17 65 0.1 25
S. No. Bus No. Total Capacity of Capacitor Banks (MVAR)
31 55 1 17 65 0.1 25
1 32 16.29 31 55 2 17 65 0.1 25
2 33 10.86
3 35 10.86 TABLE XIV TRANSFORMER TAP DATA
4 36 10.86
5 37 10.86 Nom. Nom. Tap Max. Tap
S.No. Voltage Ratio(kV) Capacity (MVA) Min Tap Voltage
6 39 5.43 Tap Voltage Voltage

7 40 10.86 1 400/220 315 360 9 400 440


2 220/132 160 242 9 220 187
8 42 5.43
3 220/132 100 242 9 220 187
9 44 5.43 4 132/33 40/50 138.6 5 132 112.2
10 45 10.86 5 132/33 20/25 138.6 5 132 112.2
11 47 10.86 6 132/33 10/12.5 138.6 7 132 112.2
12 48 16.29
13 50 10.86
14 52 10.86
15 53 16.29
16 54 10.86
17 55 10.86
Total 184.62