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GasTurb 13

CONVENTONAL AND MODEL


BASED TEST ANALYSS
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GasTurb 13 Main Window

For this tutorial we will use a


2 Spool Turboshaft.
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We Need Some Data

Select the
engine model
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Open the engine


model
Test Analysis Input Data Page

Switch Test Analysis on and have


a look at the Stations Window if
you are not sure about where the
measurements are taken.

Then calculate the Design Point.


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Test Analysis Result
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These are the measured These are the iteration


data given on the test variables adjusted to meet
analysis page the measured data
Design Point Input Data Page

What if W2Rstd
is not measured
and thus not
known?

Iterate W2Rstd in
such a way that the
calculated T5 is
equal to the
measured T5, for
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example. NoteSome input


that the quantities,
data on the Testsuch as
Analysis
You can
compressor
Input Page findand
W2Rstd
are theif only
turbine
not you have
efficiency,
ones
measured thedata
pressure
affecting for
ratio
test T45burner
and
analysis.or All
T5.the
If these
exitother
values
cycleare
temperature, not
input known
are then you
notincluding
data, visible may
because
the
knowdata
these
secondary the air
HPsystem,
are turbine flow
results must
in testcapacity
analysis
be known
for a W41Rstd.
mode. result.
precise
Two Test Analysis Methods
Conventional Test Analysis Model Based Test Analysis
Calculates the Cycle Employing Compares the Measurements
the Measured Data with a Model of the Engine
Some Knowledge About the A Full Thermodynamic Model is
Engine is Required the Basis
Secondary Air System The Test Analysis Runs in Off-
The Test Analysis Runs in Cycle Design Mode
Design Mode Factors to the Component
The Test Analysis Result is Performance are Found Which
Difficult to Judge: Make the Model Agree With the
Is Compressor Efficiency Poor Measured Data
Because the Compressor is The Test Analysis Result is the
Damaged or Because it Runs at Deviation Between the Model
Aerodynamic Overspeed?
and the Engine
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What we have done up to now was a The Result for Compressor


Conventional Test Analysis. Now we go for Efficiency is Independent of the
the Model Based Analysis, also called Operating Point: Better or Worse
Analysis by Synthesis (AnSyn) than Expected
GasTurb 13 Main Window

The file opening menu will appear


Now we willread
usethe
a file
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automatically,
Geared Mixed Turbofan
Demo_mgtf.cgm
In calculation mode
Off the
After reading Design
data, the cycle
With Standard Maps in the
design point will be calculated
background and then the Off-Design
Input Window opens.
Off Design Input Window

Select Test
Analysis and
switch to the Test
Analysis View
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Test Data Input
Click here to run
the test analysis

Example test
data are stored
in the file.
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AnSyn Result

Click here to see


the whole cycle

A value of 1 (or 0K
respectively) for the AnSyn
Factors in this column The HPC Efficiency Factor
means perfect line-up of the is around 0.982, that means
measurement with the model. the HPC performs worse than
expected.
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AnSyn Result
Remember:
the overall
compression
pressure ratio
P3/P2 is 35.6737
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These are the


measured data
given on the
test data page.
Correction to Nominal Conditions
Change Delta T
from ISA to 0

Click here to run


the ISA Correction

Now run the model


- with the AnSyn Factors applied -
at the same corrected spool speed
as tested. This yields pressure ratios
that are very close to those during
the test.
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Data Corrected to Nominal Conditions

Now the overall


compression
pressure ratio
P3/P2 is
35,67347
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Sensitivity to Measurement Errors

Sensitivity to
Measurement Errors
can be calculated
automatically
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Sensitivity to Measurement Errors
Need
Explanations?
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Flexibility of AnSyn
What if no
measured mass
flow W2 is
available?

Here you can


choose the
Core Flow
Define an Analysis Method.
Iteration

Core Flow Analysis Methods


Iterate Bypass Ratio (Core Flow)
in such a way that one of the
following conditions is fulfilled:
W41Rstd = given W41Rstd (HP
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Turbine Capacity)
W45Rstd = given W45Rstd (LP
Turbine Capacity)
T45 = Measured T45
T5 = Measured T5
Defining an Iteration

Assume that the fan model is


correct, for example. That means
the Fan Flow Factor is equal to 1
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Calculate
This is now the start
value for the iteration.
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Mass Flow W2 Found by Iteration
Found by Iteration
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Flexibility of AnSyn

What if there are


additional
measured data to
be considered ?

Employ these
and use
placeholders for input of optionally an
the data iteration to bring the
measurement in line
with the Composed
Values.
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This slide ends the


Conventional and
Model Based Test
Analysis Tutorial