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Siddhant Vishal Chand : Quiz

Cooling Capacities:
The VARS can be build in capacities that are well above 1000 TR. Also automatic operation for
controlling the capacity is not difficult to attain and can operate with reduced evaporator
pressure, and little decrease in refrigerant capacity. The absorption refrigeration system is
possible of obtaining stepless capacity control and zero capacity when there is zero load on the
system. The power consumption is almost zero when the load is zero. However, in the VCRS, it
is not possible to have a system with more than 1000 TR. Furthermore, the operation for
controlling the capacity is difficult. The refrigerant capacity decreases with lowered evaporator
pressure. In the Vapor compression cycle the capacity control of the system is done from the
compressor and in most of the cases step wise capacity control is obtained. Although
compressors with stepless capacity control are available today,they consume lots of power even
if there are zero loads on the refrigeration system which is not proves to be costly.
2. Wear and Tear issues related to VCRS and VARS Systems.
The compressor of the VCRS operates at very high speeds hence makes lots of vibration and
noise. It also requires very strong foundation so that it can remain intact under vibrations and
high pressures of the refrigerant. In the VARS there are no major moving parts hence they vibrate
less, make less noise and also don't require heavy foundations. The VARS tends to be a silent in
operation.
3. Effect of traces of liquid in the refrigerant at evaporator exit

In the VCRS it is mandatory for the refrigerant leaving the evaporator to be in the superheated
state as any moisture entering the compressor would have cause negative effects on the
compressor. However, in the VARS there would be no effect on the system apart from reducing
the refrigeration effect if traces of liquid refrigerant are found at the evaporator exit as the
refrigerant on exit of the evaporator would enter the absorber where it will mix with water again
and the cycle continues.

4. Applicability to remote areas

If electrical power from grid has not reached that said remote area then the VARS refrigeration
system has an upper hand when compared to the VCRS refrigeration system. This is because the
VARS can utilize renewable sources of energy such as solar and also waste energy such as
biomass to operate without the need for grid power.

If Grid power is available at remote areas and the need is in household then the VCRS has a
compact and robust design applicable for household use where size is a factor.