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Debre Markos University

College of Technology
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Power Electronics and Electric Drives

Engidaw Abel
Introduction

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Introduction

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Power Diodes

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Power Diode contd

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Power Bipolar Junction Transistor(Power BJT)

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BJT contd

is the current gain(ratio of collector to base current), and ICEO is the


leakage current of collector emitter junction.
Fig on the next slide shows BJT characteristics.

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BJT: Circuit symbol, i-v characteristics, idealized characteristics

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BJT contd

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BJTs

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MOSFET(Metal Oxide Field Effect Transistor)

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MOSFET: Circuit symbol, characteristics

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MOSFET

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Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor(IGBT)

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Thyristors/Silicon Controlled Rectifier(SCR)

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Thyristor: circuit symbol, i-v characteristics, idealized characteristics

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Gate Turn Off Thyristor (GTO)

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GTO:circuit symbol,characteristics and idealized charactristics

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Comparison of PSDs

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Comparison of PSDs

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Comparison of PSDs

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Ratings of PSDs

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Ratings of PSDs

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Ratings of PSDs

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Ratings of PSDs

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Firing and commutation

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Firing and Commutation

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Firing and Commutation

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Protection of Power semiconductor devices

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Protection of PSDs

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How to design a snubber circuit?

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How to design a snubber circuit?...

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How to design a snubber circuit?...

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How to design a snubber circuit?...

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Protection of PSDs

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Protection of PSDs

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Power Electronic Converters (PECs)

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Power Electronic Converters

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AC-DC Converters

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AC/DC converter(Rectifier)

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Single phase uncontrolled rectifiers

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Single phase Half Wave Uncontrolled Rectifier(with purely resistive
load)


1
2 = 2
2 0




= 2

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Single phase Half Wave Uncontrolled Rectifier(with RL load)

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Single phase Half Wave Uncontrolled Rectifier(with RL load)

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Half-wave rectifier: inductive load with battery (LE)

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Single phase uncontrolled full wave(bridge) rectifier(with purely
resistive load)

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Single phase uncontrolled full wave(bridge) rectifier(with purely resistive load)


1 2 2
=2 2 () = = 0.9
2
0

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Three phase Full bridge rectifier

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Three phase full bridge rectifier

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Single phase Half wave controlled rectifier(Purely resistive load)



1 2
2 = (1 + )
2 2
(1 +

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Half wave controlled rectifier(RL load)

1 2
2
2

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Half wave controlled rectifier(inductive load with battery)


= 1

= 2

= =

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Single phase controlled Bridge Rectifier

1 +
2

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Single phase controlled Bridge Rectifier

0 < 90

90 < 180

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Three phase controlled rectifier

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DC-DC Converters

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DC/DC converters

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Step down(buck) converter
Produces a lower average output voltage than the dc input voltage
Applications-regulated power supplies, dc motor speed control,etc
The average output voltage is

1
=

0

= =

D is called duty ratio of the
converter
Since D<1, therefore, Vo<1
By controlling the ON time
of the converter, it is possible to
get controlled output voltage
from the converter

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STEP-UP(Boost Converter)
Produces greater average output
voltage than the dc input
voltage
Applications-regulated power
supplies, regenerative breaking
of dc motors
A larger inductor L in series
with the source is needed.
When the switch ch is on,
inductor L stores energy, and
current i increases from I1 to I2.
When the switch ch is off, the
current i decreases from I2 to I1
and the voltage across the
inductor is added to the input
voltage to give Vo.

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Boost Converter

+ toff = 0

= Vs/(1 ton/T)

= = called duty ratio
1

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Buck-Boost Converter


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DC-AC converters(Inverters)

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Introduction

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Introduction

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Single phase half bridge Inverters

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Single phase full bridge inverter

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Three phase inverter

Q4

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Three phase inverter

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Three phase inverters

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Three phase inverters
Switch 1, 2
(Switch 1,5 and and 6 are ON
6 are ON)

(Switch 1, 2 and 3 are ON)

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Fourier analysis

= 2
(

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Fourier analysis

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Fourier analysis

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Fourier analysis

for n=1,3,

for n=1,3,

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Fourier analysis(rms value of fundamental component)

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Inverter performance parameters

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Voltage control of inverters

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Internal methods(Using Pulse Width Modulation Technique)

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Single pulse width modulation(single PWM)

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Multiple pulse width modulation

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Sinusoidal pulse width modulation(SPWM)

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Voltage control of three phase inverters

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AC-AC Converters

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Introduction

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Single phase ac voltage controller(R load)

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Single phase ac voltage controller(RL load)

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Cycloconverters

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Introduction

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Single-Phase Cycloconverter

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Three phase to single phase cycloconverter

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Three phase to three phase cycloconverter

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Reading assignment

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NB:
Since the course material in this document is prepared for
teaching purpose only, it can not be used as a standalone
reference.

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