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(1) (2)

(1)


(2)

1
Rational Formula
Emil Kuichling 1889

Q = CIA/360 I


Talbot I = A / (t + B)Sherman I = A / t
n

19831984 I = A / ( t 0.5
+ B)

1
19741977 Talbot Sherman
Horner I = A / (t + B) nClerland I = A / (t
n
+ B ) 1983a1983b Horner
ABn
Horner I = A / (t + B) n n = 1
Talbot I = A / (t + B) B = 0
Sherman I = A / t n Horner
Talbot Sherman

I / (mm/hr)
/ (inch/hr) t
t
(hr)

1969 2 ()
(Storm)
510152030406080100120
1988
24 ()
510203040608090100

2
2346121824

1988 24 ()
102030406090 2346121824

1996(
)1990

3-1
3-2 ( a )( b )( c )( d )

3-1

5 ~2 3-2(a)
(b)

5 ~24 3-2(c)

()

10 ~24

3
1 ~48 3-2(d)

4
3-2 ( a ) ()

2 3 5

256.0 / t 0.3582
292.9 / t 0.3885
326.3 / t 0.3934

6237 / (t + 38.96) 7453 / (t + 44.76) 8606 / (t + 49.14)

6285 / (t + 43.90) 7133 / (t + 46.14) 7748 / (t + 46.22)

220.0 / t 0.313
247.9 / t 0.321
285.9 / t 0.341

6713 / (t + 46.48) 7208 / (t + 47.44) 7831 / (t + 47.23)

6713 / (t + 46.48) 7208 / (t + 47.44) 7831 / (t + 47.23)

8383 / (t + 36.45) ----- 11410 / (t+46.81)

457 / (t + 5) 0.433
458 / (t + 5) 0.415
500 / (t + 5) 0.413

6347 / (t + 45.84) 7379 / (t + 52.49) 8059 / (t + 52.76)

331.28 / t 0.3993
327.75 / t 0.3730
420.54 / t 0.4141

280.0 / t 0.3858
311.7 / t 0.3952
325.8 / t 0.3753

279.6 / t 0.407
292.9 / t 0.380
306.8 / t 0.379

5
251.7 / t 0.3762
258.2 / t 0.3465
284.2 / t 0.3515

(1988)(3)

3-2 ( b ) ()

5 10 20

8606 / (t + 346.3 / t 0.330


363.7 / t 0.327

49.14)
1989

6
3-2 ( c ) ()

5 10 20

1054.3 / (t + 18) 1304.7 / (t + 22) 1653.8 / (t + 28)


0.63521 0.64592 0.66329

1165.1 / (t + 20) 1226.3 / (t + 23) 1291.1 / (t + 27)


0.63096 0.60598 0.58511

1199.7 / (t + 17) 1720.3 / (t + 25) 2566.2 / (t + 35)


0.62310 0.65239 0.69246

603.7 / (t + 5) 0.53884
673.8 / (t + 4) 0.53630
742.1 / (t + 3) 0.53571

992.1 / (t + 22) 0.58917


1985.0 / (t + 50) 6453.2 / (t + 113)
0.65699 0.79529

1891.3 / (t + 25) 2067.3 / (t + 27) 2116.7 / (t + 28)


0.73365 0.72115 0.70325

1431.5 / (t + 32) 1806.7 / (t + 37) 2293.8 / (t + 43)


0.66672 0.67791 0.69514

1065.5 / (t + 20) 1376.8 / (t + 26) 1746.2 / (t + 32)


0.60212 0.61925 0.63850

815.8 / (t + 18) 0.56006


954.5 / (t + 23) 1077.2 / (t + 28)
0.55218 0.54251

839.1 / (t + 20) 0.57040


926.5 / (t + 21) 1012.1 / (t + 22)
0.56381 0.56012

()

25 50 100

7
1776.0 / (t + 30) 2229.3 / (t + 37) 2931.7 / (t + 47) 0.71249
0.68663
0.66854
0.57733 0.56169
1298.3 / (t + 28) 1422.4 / (t + 35) 1627.7 / (t + 46)
0.56563

0.70857 0.82268
2969.4 / (t + 39) 4688.2 / (t + 52) 7873.2 / (t + 68)
0.76040

0.53781 0.53836 0.53880


733.8 / (t + 3) 842.0 / (t + 2) 907.2 / (t + 1)

0.86342
11236.1/(t+147) 163227.1/(t+333) 2579820/(t+540)
1.19602 1.52818

0.69609 0.65525
2104.1 / (t + 28) 2043.3 / (t + 28) 2013.0 / (t + 29)
0.67373

0.70444 0.74548
2529.1 / (t + 46) 3156.7 / (t + 52) 3993.9 / (t + 59)
0.72303

0.64529 0.69038
1883.5 / (t + 34) 2404.7 / (t + 41) 2977.3 / (t + 47)
0.66921

0.54014 0.53051
1121.6 / (t + 30) 1272.5 / (t + 37) 1455.9 / (t + 46)
0.53406

0.55820 0.55226
1031.5 / (t + 22) 1089.0 / (t + 22) 1172.1 / (t + 23)
0.55288

(1988)(3)

8
3-2 ( d ) ()

5 10 20

4867 / (t + 48.3) 6649 / (t + 55.4) 227 / t 0.294

1989

4.1


( ) 2.0
0.8 5

3-2b
I = 8606 / (t + 49.14)
I = 8606 / (5 + 49.14) = 158.96 mm/hr

Q = CIA / 360
=0.8158.962.0 / 360 = 0.706 cms

4.2 ()

9
4.2.1 ()
(a) 30 (b)
60 (c) 90
3-2b I = 8606 / (t + 49.14)
30
I = 8606 / (30 + 49.14) = 108.74 mm/hr
P= 108.74(30 / 60) = 54.37 mm
60
I = 8606 / (60 + 49.14) = 78.85 mm/hr
P= 78.85(60 / 60) = 78.85 mm
90
I = 8606 / (90 + 49.14) = 61.85 mm/hr
P=61.85(90 / 60) = 92.78 mm

4.2.2
(d)3 (e)12
(f) 24 ()
3-2 c I = 2067.3 / (t + 27)
0.72115
3
I = 2067.3 / (360 + 27) 0.72115 = 44.18 mm/hr
P= 44.183 = 132.54 mm
12
I = 2067.3 / (1260 + 27) 0.72115 = 17.51 mm/hr
P= 17.5112 = 210.12 mm

10
24 ()
I = 2067.3 / (2460 + 27) 0.72115 = 10.76 mm/hr
P= 10.7624 = 258.24 mm

4.3

1988 X
1988
X
1984
1988T
Tc T N T
NTT , 2T,
3T, 4T, NT
a, b, c, d a, 2b-a,
3c-2b, 4d-3c

a 2b-a, 3c-2b, 4d-3c


a
2b-a, 3c-2b, 4d-3c
a 2b-a
3c-2b a
30
3-2b I = 8606 / (t +

11
49.14) 5 5
T a, b, c, d
a, 2b-a, 3c-2b, 4d-3c 4-1
4-2
4.1
4.2 4.3

4-1

min. mm/hr

5 a 158.958 a 158.958
10 b 145.519 2b-a 132.080
15 c 134.175 3c-2b 111.487
20 d 124.472 4d-3c 95.363
25 e 116.078 5e-4d 82.502
30 f 108.744 6f-5e 72.074

4-2

min. mm/hr

12
5 158.958 82.502 72.074
10 132.080 111.487 82.502
15 111.487 158.958 95.363
20 95.363 132.080 111.487
25 82.502 95.363 132.080
30 72.074 72.074 158.958


19691984

4.4
3-2(d)
5 I5 = 4867 / (t + 48.3) 10
I10 = 6649 / (t + 55.4)20
I20 = 227 / t0.294(1 2
3 24 ) 4-3
4.4()
4-4 ()(1 2
3 24 )
4-5 4-5 4-3
4.5 4.5 10~20 20

13
4-3

(hr)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
44.9 28.9 21.3 16.8 13.9 11.9 10.3 9.21 8.27 7.51 6.87 6.33
5
4 2 2 8 7 2 9

57.6 37.9 28.2 22.5 18.7 16.0 13.9 12.4 11.1 10.1 9.29 8.57
10
2 1 5 1 1 1 9 2 7 4

68.1 55.5 49.3 45.3 42.4 40.2 38.4 36.9 35.7 34.6 33.6 32.8
20
2 6 1 2 4 2 4 6 0 1 6 1

()

(hr)

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
5.88 5.48 5.13 4.83 4.56 4.31 4.10 3.90 3.72 3.56 3.41 3.27
5

7.96 7.43 6.96 6.55 6.18 5.86 5.56 5.30 5.05 4.83 4.63 4.45
10

32.0 31.3 30.7 30.1 29.6 29.1 28.6 28.2 27.8 27.4 27.1 26.7
20
4 5 2 5 1 2 6 3 3 5 0 6

4-4 (87 10 15~16 )

871015

0:00 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:0 11:0
0 0

P(m 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 2 4 6
m)

14
()

871015

12:0 13:0 14:0 15:0 16:0 17:0 18:0 19:0 20:0 21:0 22:0 23:0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

P(m 1 0 11 12 19 37 26 42 34 31 41 57
m)

()

871016

0:00 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:0 11:0
0 0

P(m 5 6 24 4 17 14 12 24 17 2 8 1
m)

()

871016

12:0 13:0 14:0 15:0 16:0 17:0 18:0 19:0 20:0 21:0 22:0 23:0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

P(m 5 12 34 20 14 11 4 6 2 0 0 0
m)

4-5

(hr)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
P(mm) 57 98 129 163 205 231 268 287 299 310 322 334

I(mm/)h 57.0 49.0 43.0 40.7 41.0 38.5 38.2 35.8 33.2 31.0 29.2 27.8

15
r 0 0 0 5 0 0 9 8 2 0 7 3

()

(hr)

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
P(mm) 345 357 374 393 410 422 433 435 443 453 473 492
I(mm/)h 26.5 25.5 24.9 24.5 24.1 23.4 22.7 21.7 21.1 20.5 20.5 20.5
r 4 0 3 6 2 4 9 5 0 9 7 0

1.

2. t 5
10 t 5 10

3.

1989

1990

16
(1988)(3)
(1989)

(1969)
(1969)
(1984)()
(1996)
(1983a)Horner
29 2
(1983b) Horner Horner
72

(1988)

(1984)
(1977)
(1974) 22
1
(1983)
(1988)

(1984)
(1988)

17
I(mm/hr)

200

150

100

50

0
5 10 15 20 25 30 t(m in)

4.1
I(mm/hr)

200

150

100

50

0
5 10 15 20 25 30 t(m in)

4.2

18
I(mm/hr)
200

150

100

50

0
5 10 15 20 25 30 t(m in)

4.3

80
I(mm/hr)

5
70
10
60
20
50

40

30

20

10

0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
t(hr)

4.4

19
80
5
I(mm/hr)
70 10
60 20

50

40

30

20

10

0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
t(hr)

4.5

20