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STRUCTURES

Design of compressed glass element

Viorel Ungureanu

Sustainable Constructions

under Natural Hazards and Catastrophic Events

520121-1-2011-1-CZ-ERA MUNDUS-EMMC

Objectives

Objectives

Internal forces Worked example

Members in

tension

Design a truss according to the figure below

Top chord is made of steel rectangular hollow section, tensile

Members in

compression diagonals and bottom chord are made of steel round bars,

compressive diagonals are made of massive float glass bars.

Roof is constructed from glass panels with thickness 2 x 12,0 mm

(2500 kg/m3), snow load is c1 0,8 kN/m2.

Truss distance is c2 3,0m, design value of glass strength in

compression is 400 MPa, choose the steel grade.

650

5200

2

Load action

Objectives

Internal forces Design of the truss beam according to the data given below:

Members in distance between the trusses b = c2 3,0m

tension

thickness of the glass roof t = 24mm

Members in

compression load width a = 1,3m

loading area

characteristic load partial coefficient design load

Fk [kN] f [-] Fd [kN]

weight of the glass roof

2500kg/m3 = 25kN/m3 1.35

Snow load c1 0,8 kN/m2 1.5

Totally

3

Internal forces

Objectives

Internal forces

D1

Members in 650 D2

A A = 2Fd

tension

compression

5200

upper chord Hup

bottom chord Hbot

diagonals D1, D2

4

Design of members in tension

Objectives

Internal forces

H bot

Members in

tension

Amin

fy M

Members in

compression

4 Amin

d min steel round bar

area of circle

d 2

A

4

verification

d 2 fy

N Ed H bot N Rd

4 M

5

Design of members in compression

Objectives

Internal forces

first step: assessment of buckling coefficient

Members in fy H up

tension N Ed H up N Rd A Amin

Members in M fy M

compression buckling coefficient

according to the Amin from table select steel rectangular hollow section

real cross-section - real buckling coefficient - relative slenderness

Af y 2 EI y

y N cr , y Lcr , y 1300mm

N cr , y L2cr , y

Af y 2 EI z

z N cr ,z Lcr ,z 1300mm

N cr ,z L2cr ,z

6

Design of members in compression

Objectives

Internal forces

first step: assessment of buckling coefficient 0,7

Members in fy H up

tension N Ed H up N Rd A Amin

Members in M fy M

compression buckling coefficient

real buckling coefficient - relative slenderness

Lcr , y y 235

y y , 1 93,9 , Lcr , y 1300mm

iy 1 fy

Lcr ,z z 235

z z , 1 93,9 , Lcr ,z 1300mm

iz 1 fy

7

Design of members in compression

Objectives

Load action Second step: buckling coefficient from buckling curves, (curve a) or

directly according to the equations

Internal forces

Members in 1 1

tension y z

2 2

Members in

2

y 2 z

compression

2

0 ,5 1 y 0 ,2 y , 0 ,21

verification

N Ed H up N Rd min A f y M

8

Design of glass member

Objectives

Internal forces N cr

Members in

N Ed D2 N Rd

tension 4

Members in

compression 2 EI d4 dmin

N cr I

L2cr 64

Lcr length of truss brace

E = 70 000MPa

9

Thank you

for your attention

viorel.ungureanu@upt.ro

http://steel.fsv.cvut.cz/suscos

10

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