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ADVANCED DESIGN OF GLASS

STRUCTURES
Design of compressed glass element

Viorel Ungureanu

European Erasmus Mundus Master Course


Sustainable Constructions
under Natural Hazards and Catastrophic Events
520121-1-2011-1-CZ-ERA MUNDUS-EMMC
Objectives
Objectives

Load action Design of compressed glass element


Internal forces Worked example
Members in
tension
Design a truss according to the figure below
Top chord is made of steel rectangular hollow section, tensile
Members in
compression diagonals and bottom chord are made of steel round bars,
compressive diagonals are made of massive float glass bars.
Roof is constructed from glass panels with thickness 2 x 12,0 mm
(2500 kg/m3), snow load is c1 0,8 kN/m2.
Truss distance is c2 3,0m, design value of glass strength in
compression is 400 MPa, choose the steel grade.

F/2 F glass bar F F F/2

650

650 1300 1300 1300 650


5200

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Load action
Objectives

Load action Basic data


Internal forces Design of the truss beam according to the data given below:
Members in distance between the trusses b = c2 3,0m
tension
thickness of the glass roof t = 24mm
Members in
compression load width a = 1,3m
loading area

Load action point load, design value


characteristic load partial coefficient design load
Fk [kN] f [-] Fd [kN]
weight of the glass roof
2500kg/m3 = 25kN/m3 1.35
Snow load c1 0,8 kN/m2 1.5
Totally

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Internal forces
Objectives

Load action Fd/2 Fd Fd Fd Fd/2


Internal forces
D1
Members in 650 D2
A A = 2Fd
tension

Members in 650 1300 1300 1300 650


compression
5200

Determination of the internal forces


upper chord Hup
bottom chord Hbot
diagonals D1, D2

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Design of members in tension
Objectives

Load action minimal area of bottom chord / tension truss brace D1

Internal forces
H bot
Members in
tension
Amin
fy M
Members in
compression
4 Amin
d min steel round bar
area of circle
d 2
A
4

verification

d 2 fy
N Ed H bot N Rd
4 M

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Design of members in compression
Objectives

Load action minimal area of upper chord rectangular hollow section

Internal forces
first step: assessment of buckling coefficient

Members in fy H up
tension N Ed H up N Rd A Amin
Members in M fy M
compression buckling coefficient

according to the Amin from table select steel rectangular hollow section
real cross-section - real buckling coefficient - relative slenderness

Af y 2 EI y
y N cr , y Lcr , y 1300mm
N cr , y L2cr , y

Af y 2 EI z
z N cr ,z Lcr ,z 1300mm
N cr ,z L2cr ,z
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Design of members in compression
Objectives

Load action minimal area of upper chord rectangular hollow section

Internal forces
first step: assessment of buckling coefficient 0,7

Members in fy H up
tension N Ed H up N Rd A Amin
Members in M fy M
compression buckling coefficient

according to the Amin from table select rectangular hollow section


real buckling coefficient - relative slenderness

Lcr , y y 235
y y , 1 93,9 , Lcr , y 1300mm
iy 1 fy

Lcr ,z z 235
z z , 1 93,9 , Lcr ,z 1300mm
iz 1 fy

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Design of members in compression
Objectives

Load action Second step: buckling coefficient from buckling curves, (curve a) or
directly according to the equations
Internal forces

Members in 1 1
tension y z
2 2
Members in
2
y 2 z
compression

2

0 ,5 1 y 0 ,2 y , 0 ,21

verification

N Ed H up N Rd min A f y M

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Design of glass member
Objectives

Load action approximately from critical force

Internal forces N cr
Members in
N Ed D2 N Rd
tension 4
Members in
compression 2 EI d4 dmin
N cr I
L2cr 64
Lcr length of truss brace
E = 70 000MPa

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Thank you
for your attention

viorel.ungureanu@upt.ro

http://steel.fsv.cvut.cz/suscos

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