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Volanic Eruptions

Volcanic eruptions have caused some of the worst disasters in the world. They can wipe
out entire cities and kill thousands of people. The name of volcano comes from Roman term. It
derives from VULCAN which is the name of Roman fire god. Romans believed that Vulcan
lived on a volcanic Italian coast. Romans called the island VULCANO.
According to scientists, volcanic eruptions are divided in to four basic groups. They are
commonly known as Hawaiian, Strombolian, Vulcanian and Peleean.
The term of Hawaiian eruptions are named after the volcanoes in Hawaii. These volcanic
eruptions are the least violent type. They produce highly fluid lava which flows quietly. This
gradually builds up a shield volcano.
Strombolian eruptions are named after Stromboli. These result from the constant release
of gas from the magma. As the gas escapes, it produces tephra that piles up, turning into a cinder
cone. Strombolian eruptions happen when sticky magma plugs the central vent. This makes the
magmatic gas build up pressure until it blasts. The magma is turned into volcanic dust and
bombs.
Vulcanian eruption which comes from the ancient Roman belief, are more violent than
the strombolian eruption. Vulcanian eruption happens and brings magma which is more viscous.
Vulcanian explosions are usually larger and noisier than the Strombolian eruptions.
Paleean eruptions are famous as the most violent kind of volcanic eruptions. The name of
paleean comes from the eruption of Mount Pelee, Martinique in 1902. It killed almost 38
thousands people. A Peleean eruption occurs when the magmatic gas build up tremendous
pressure. This causes violent explosions with glowing clouds of hot ash and dust.

Letusan Gunung Berapi

Letusan gunung berapi telah menyebabkan beberapa bencana terburuk di dunia. Mereka
dapat menghapus seluruh kota dan membunuh ribuan orang. Nama gunung berapi berasal dari
istilah Romawi. Ini berasal dari kata Vulcan yang merupakan nama dewa Romawi api. Roma
percaya bahwa Vulcan hidup pada pantai Italia vulkanik. Roma menyebut pulau VULCANO.
Menurut para ilmuwan, letusan gunung berapi dibagi dalam empat kelompok dasar.
Mereka umumnya dikenal sebagai Hawaii, strombolian, Vulcanian dan Peleean. Istilah letusan
Hawaiian diberi nama setelah gunung berapi di Hawaii. Ini letusan gunung berapi adalah
jenis paling kekerasan. Mereka menghasilkan lava yang sangat fluida yang mengalir tenang. Ini
secara bertahap membangun sebuah gunung berapi perisai. letusan strombolian dinamai
Stromboli. Ini hasil dari pelepasan konstan gas dari magma. Sebagai gas lolos, menghasilkan
tephra yang menumpuk, berubah menjadi cinder cone.
Letusan strombolian terjadi ketika magma lengket colokan ventilasi pusat. Hal ini
membuat gas magmatik membangun tekanan sampai ledakan. magma berubah menjadi debu
vulkanik dan bom.
Letusan Vulcanian yang berasal dari kepercayaan Romawi kuno, yang lebih keras dari
letusan strombolian. Letusan Vulcanian terjadi dan membawa magma yang lebih kental. ledakan
Vulcanian biasanya lebih besar dan ribut dari letusan strombolian.
Letusan Paleean terkenal sebagai jenis yang paling kejam dari letusan gunung berapi.
Nama paleean berasal dari letusan Gunung Pelee, Martinique pada tahun 1902. Ini menewaskan
hampir 38 ribu orang. Sebuah letusan Peleean terjadi ketika gas magmatik membangun tekanan
luar biasa. Hal ini menyebabkan ledakan kekerasan dengan awan bercahaya abu panas dan debu.

Generic Structure
General Classification Volcanic eruptions have caused some of
the worst disasters in the world. They can wipe
out entire cities and kill thousands of people.
The name of volcano comes from Roman term.
It derives from VULCAN which is the name of
Roman fire god. Romans believed that Vulcan
lived on a volcanic Italian coast. Romans
called the island VULCANO.
Description According to scientists, volcanic
eruptions are divided in to four basic groups.
They are commonly known as Hawaiian,
Strombolian, Vulcanian and Peleean.
Description The term of Hawaiian eruptions are
named after the volcanoes in Hawaii. These
volcanic eruptions are the least violent type.
They produce highly fluid lava which flows
quietly. This gradually builds up a shield
volcano.
Description Strombolian eruptions are named after
Stromboli. These result from the constant
release of gas from the magma. As the gas
escapes, it produces tephra that piles up,
turning into a cinder cone. Strombolian
eruptions happen when sticky magma plugs the
central vent. This makes the magmatic gas
build up pressure until it blasts. The magma is
turned into volcanic dust and bombs.
Description Vulcanian eruption which comes from
the ancient Roman belief, are more violent
than the strombolian eruption. Vulcanian
eruption happens and brings magma which is
more viscous. Vulcanian explosions are usually
larger and noisier than the Strombolian
eruptions.
Description Paleean eruptions are famous as the
most violent kind of volcanic eruptions. The
name of paleean comes from the eruption of
Mount Pelee, Martinique in 1902. It killed
almost 38 thousands people. A Peleean
eruption occurs when the magmatic gas build
up tremendous pressure. This causes violent
explosions with glowing clouds of hot ash and
dust.