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UMTS Architecture Overview

UMTS Architecture Overview

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Contents and Session Aims

UMTS High Level


This session aims to give the user
a first pass overview of the
Architecture architecture behind UMTS
The Core Network ! To explain the major architectural
UTRAN blocks

The User Equipment ! To give a first introduction to the


major network elements and
interfaces
! To talk about how UMTS will
Interfaces interface with existing technologies

Access Modes
UMTS and GSM

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN)


A Public Land Mobile Network is
defined in the specifications as
consisting of:
! One or more switches with a
common numbering plan and Core Network
routing plan
! Switches act as the interfaces to
external networks
PLMN
A PLMN can be regarded as an
independent telecommunications
entity
The PLMN can be separated into Access Network
! Core Network
! Access Network

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UMTS Architecture Overview

UMTS High Level Architecture


To this definition, the 3GPP standards add an additional
architectural block, the User Equipment

UMTS
Terrestrial
User Equipment Core Network
Radio Access
Network

UE UTRAN CN
UU IU

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Major Network Elements in UMTS


Node B
Radio Network
Iu-cs Mobile
Gateway
Controller Switching PLMN,
UMTS SIM MSC
Centre
RNC MSC/VLR GMSC PSTN,
USIM Node B
ISDN
IUb
CU
IUr Home Location
Register
Mobile HLR
Equipment
ME IUb Internet,
Node B X25
Radio Network
Serving GSN
Gateway Packet
Controller GSN Network
RNC SGSN GGSN
Node B Iu-ps
UE UTRAN CN
UU IU

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Functions of the CN
Switching
Service Provision
Transmission of user traffic between UTRAN(s) and/or fixed
network
Mobility Management
Operations, Administration and Maintenance

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Major Elements of the Core Network


Home Location Register (HLR)
! The database storing the master copy of a users profile
Visitor Location Register (VLR)
! The database holding a copy of a visiting users profile
Mobile Switching Centre (MSC)
! Switch for Circuit Switched Services
Gateway MSC
Serving GPRS Support Node
! Router for Packet Switched Services
Gateway GSN

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UMTS Architecture Overview

General Core Network Architecture


Other MSC
F
F External Circuit
Iu-cs Mobile
Gateway
Switching
UTRAN Centre
MSC Switched
MSC/VLR GMSC
Networks
D
D
Gs Home Location
Register
HLR

Gr Gc
G
External
i Packet
Iu-ps Serving GSN
Gateway
UTRAN GSN Switched
SGSN GGSN
Gn Networks
Gn CN
IU Other SGSN

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Functions of UTRAN
Provision of Radio Coverage
System access control
Security and privacy
Handover
Radio resource management and control

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Elements of UTRAN
Radio Network Controller
! Owns and controls radio resources in its domain
! Service Access point for all services that UTRAN provides the CN
Node B
! Acts as the radio basestation
! Converts the data flow between the Iub and Uu interfaces

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UMTS Architecture Overview

General UTRAN Architecture


Node B
Radio Network Iu-cs
Controller
CN (MSC)
RNC
Node B
IUb

UE
IUr

IUb
Node B
Radio Network
Controller CN (SGSN)
RNC
Node B Iu-ps
UTRAN
UU IU

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Functions of the UE
Display and user interface
To hold the authentication algorithms and keys
User end termination of the air interface
Application platform

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Elements of the UE
Mobile Equipment
! The radio terminal used for radio communication over the Uu interface
UMTS Subscriber Identity Module
! The smartcard that holds the subscriber identity, authentication and
encryption keys etc
Additionally one can define a Terminal Equipment item that sits
with the UE
! This carries the application specific user interface
! The interface for the TE may be provided by Bluetooth for example

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UMTS Architecture Overview

General UE Architecture

UMTS SIM

USIM

CU
Mobile
Terminal Equipment
UTRAN
Equipment ME

UE
UU

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Major Interfaces in UMTS


There are four major new
interfaces defined in UMTS CN
! Iu
Iu
"The interface between UTRAN
and the CN Iur
! Iur RNC RNC
"The Interface between different
RNCs Iub
! Iub Node-
"The interface between the Node B
and the RNC B
! Uu Uu
"The air interface
UE

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Iu - the Core Network to UTRAN Interface


There are two parts to the Iu
interface CN
! Iu-ps connecting UTRAN to the PS
Domain of the CN Iu
! Iu-cs connecting UTRAN to the CS Iur
Domain of the CN RNC RNC
No radio resource signalling travels
over this interface Iub
! The Iu interface divides the UMTS Node-
network into the radio specific
UTRAN and the CN responsible for B
switching routing and service Uu
provision
UE

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Iur - the Inter-RNC Interface


The Iur interface allows soft
handovers between Node-Bs CN
attached to different RNCs
It is an open interface to allow the Iu
use of RNCs from different Iur
manufacturers RNC RNC
Its functions may be summarised:
! Support of basic inter-RNC mobility Iub
! Support of Dedicated and Common Node-
Channel Traffic B
! Support of Global Resource Uu
Management
UE

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Iub - the RNC to Node-B Interface


The Iub is an open interface to allow
the support of different CN
manufacturers supplying RNCs
and Node-Bs Iu
Its major functions are: Iur
! Carries dedicated and common RNC RNC
channel traffic between the RNC
and the Node-B Iub
! Supports the control of the Node-B Node-
by the RNC
B
Uu
UE

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Uu - the Air Interface


Clearly the Uu must be
standardised to allow multiple UE CN
vendors to be supported by a
network Iu
The major functions of the Uu are Iur
to: RNC RNC
! Carry dedicated and common
channel traffic across the air Iub
interface
Node-
! Provide signaling and control traffic
to the mobile from the RNC and the B
Node-B Uu
UE

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UMTS Architecture Overview

UMTS Interface Implementation

SGSN
Node B

ATM/IP Network MSC

RNC
Node B
Iub
Iu_cs
Iu_ps RNC
Iur
Node B Node B

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Access Modes for UMTS


In this course we will concentrate on the UMTS FDD air
interface
However we should bear in mind that a number of other access
modes are possible
! Within UTRAN
! Outside of UTRAN

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Access Modes within UTRAN


There are four access modes that will be contained within
release 2000 of the 3GPP standards
! Direct Sequence FDD Mode 1
" Based on UMTS FDD air interface
! Multi Carrier FDD Mode 2
" Based on cdma2000
! TDD Mode
" Based on UMTS TDD air interface
! ODMA
" Supplement to UMTS TDD mode based on using a second UE as a radio
relay

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Additional Access Networks


The UMTS CN is being
designed with the possibility of
interfacing to additional Access UMTS-CN
Networks other than UTRAN
! GRAN - GSM/GPRS Radio
Access Network
! ERAN - EDGE Radio Access
Network
! BRAN - Broadband Radio DECT ERAN
Access Network (HIPERLAN2)
BRAN GRAN
! DECT - Digital Enhanced
Cordless Telephony

UTRAN

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UMTS Architecture Overview

UMTS and GSM


Internet PSTN

Core GGSN GMSC


Network
SGSN MSC

Iu-ps
Iu-cs A
Iu-ps Iu-cs
Gb
BSS/
UTRAN Iur
RNC RNC BSC

Iub Iub Iub

Node-B Node-B Node-B


A-bis

RBS RBS RBS RBS BTS

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Architecture of a UMTS bearer service


TE UE UTRAN CN CN
edge node gateway
TE

End-to-End Service

TE/UE Local External Bearer


Bearer Service UMTS Bearer Service Service

CN Bearer
Radio Access Bearer Service Service

Radio Bearer Backbone Network


Iu Bearer Service
Service Service

UTRA FDD/TDD Physical Bearer


Service Service

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UMTS Protocol Stratums
In order to provide separation
between radio access

Non Access Stratum


functionality and service quality L7 L7
provision, protocols in UMTS
L6 L6
are divided into two stratums
! Access Stratum L5 L5
"Encompasses layers 1 and 2 L4 L4
of the OSI 7 layer model, and L3 upper L3 upper
the lower part of layer 3 L3 lower L3 lower L3 lower L3 lower

Access Stratum
! Non-access Stratum L2 L2 L2 L2
"Encompasses layers 4 to 7 of
the OSI 7 layer model, and the L1 L1 L1 L1
upper part of layer 3
UE Uu UTRAN Iu CN

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Questions
What elements does UTRAN consist of?
What is the primary role of UTRAN?
What additional access modes does UMTS support over UMTS
FDD?

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UMTS Architecture Overview

Session Summary
In this session we have discussed the major elements of the
UMTS network architecture
In following sessions we will discuss each element in more
detail

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