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The Digestive System of a Cat

APOLONIO, BACAY
Oral Cavity and Pharynx
SALIVARY GLANDS - outgrowths of oral
epithelium

Parotid gland - pinkish gland spread


out under the skin anterior and ventral
to the ear

Submaxillary gland - roundish mass


at angle of the jaw near posterior
margin of masseter

Sublingual gland
Oral Cavity and Pharynx
ORAL CAVITY

Lip - opening for food, articulation of


sound

Gums (gingiva) - surround teeth

Teeth - calcified, breaks down food

Vestibule

Hard palate

Soft palate
Oral Cavity and Pharynx
ORAL CAVITY

Frenulum - vertical fold

Palatoglossal arch - area where


tongue is attached to soft palate

Filiform papillae

Fungiform papillae

Vallate papillae

Foliate papillae
Oral Cavity and Pharynx
PHARYNX

Epiglottis - guards entrance of the


glottis

Isthmus of the fauces - opening


formed by the free border of soft palate

Tonsillar fossa - contains palatine


tonsil

Palatine tonsils - defense against


infection, produces antibodies

Glossopalatine arch

Pharyngopalatine arch
Oral Cavity and Pharynx
PHARYNX

Posterior nares (choanae) - internal


end of the nasal passage

Esophagus - where food passes from


pharynx to stomach
The Pleural and Pericardial
Cavities
PLEURAL CAVITY (2) - Encloses the lungs

PERICARDIAL CAVITY - Between the two


pleural cave

LUNGS

HEART

MEDIASTINAL SEPTUM - delicate


partition from the heart to the ventral
median line

MEDIASTINUM - space between the two


walls of the mediastinal septum
The Pleural and Pericardial
Cavities
THYMUS - gland tissue in the mediastium

PULMONARY LIGAMENT - a fold of


pleura that attaches lung to the dorsal
thoracic wall

DIAPHRAGM - separates thoracic cavity


from abdominal cavity

O: Ribs, sternum, vertebrae

I: central tendon

CENTRAL TENDON OF THE DIAPHRAGM


- connective tissue forming a circular
tendon in the center of the diaphragm
The Peritoneal Cavity and its
Contents
PERITONEAL CAVITY - abdominal cavity,
anterior wall formed by diaphragm

PERITONEUM - membrane that lines the


peritoneal cav

PARIETAL PERITONEUM - inside the


body wall

VISCERAL PERITONEUM (Serosa) - part


of peritoneum that is deflected from the
body wall, passes over the surface of the
viscera, and forms a covering layer for all
the viscera
The Peritoneal Cavity and its
Contents
MESENTERIES - double-walled membranes

DORSAL MESENTERY

VENTRAL MESENTERY - region of the liver


and urinary bladder

LIVER - shaped to fit concave surface of


diaphragm; FIVE LOBES: Left lateral, Left
median, Right median (cystic fossa - where
the gall bladder is located), Right lateral,
Caudate

GALL BLADDER

GREATER OMENTUM - thin membrane


covering the small intestine, impregnated with
streaks of fat
The Peritoneal Cavity and its
Contents
STOMACH

Cardia - junction of stomach and esophagus;


Cardiac end; Gastroesophageal sphincter

Lesser curvature

Greater curvature

Fundus - saclike bulge left of the cardia

Body of the stomach

Pylorus - junction of stomach and small


intestine, constriction; Pyloric sphincter

Rugae - folds, increase SA for distention/


stretching of stomach for food space
The Peritoneal Cavity and its
Contents
SPLEEN - mottled purple and gray; mechanical
filtration of RBC, recycles iron, reserve of blood,
monocytes, synthesises antibodies

GREATER OMENTUM - contains lesser


peritoneal sac

Question: If the lesser peritoneal sac is the


cavity contained within the greater
momentum, what is the greater peritoneal
sac?

GASTROSPLENIC LIGAMENT - GO between


stomach and spleen

GASTROCOLIC LIGAMENT - secondary


fusion, between mesogaster and mesentery of
intestine
The Peritoneal Cavity and its
Contents
LESSER OMENTUM - ligament passing from the
lesser curvature of stomach to posterior surface of
liver

Gastrohepatic ligament - lesser curvature to


liver

Hepatoduodenal ligament - liver to the first part


of the small intestine

BILE DUCTS

Cystic duct - from gall bladder

Hepatic ducts - from lobes of liver

Common bile duct - cystic + hepatic

FORAMEN EPIPLOICUM - entrance into the cavity


of lesser omentum
The Peritoneal Cavity and its
Contents
FALCIFORM LIGAMENT - liver to ventral body
wall

CORONARY LIGAMENT - liver to diaphragm

SMALL INTESTINE

DUODENUM - first portion of small intestine


immediately after the pylorus, bound to the liver
by the hepatoduodenal ligament, attached to
the kidney by the duodenorenal ligament

JEJUNUM - first portion of small intestine


beyond duodenum

ILEUM - remainder of small intestine

MESODUODENUM - supports remainder of the


small intestine
The Peritoneal Cavity and its
Contents
PANCREAS - mesoduodenum, dorsal and
ventral lobes; production of hormones
such as insulin and glucagon, secretion of
pancreatic juice with digestive enzymes that
assist in absorption of nutrients and
digestion in the small intestine

PANCREATIC DUCT (2)

Ampulla of Vater - swollen chamber


where bile and pancreatic ducts unite

Sphincter of Oddi

PEYERS PATCHES

LYMPH GLAND - along mesentery proper


The Peritoneal Cavity and its
Contents
CAECUM - slight projection which marks
the junction of the small and the large
intestine

Iliocolic valve - sphincter muscle at the


junction of the ileum and the caecum;
limits the flowing back of colonic
contents into the ileum
The Peritoneal Cavity and its
Contents

LARGE INTESTINE

Ascending colon

Transverse colon

Descending colon

MESOCOLON - mesentery of the colon