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Unit

10.5 Review- Predicting Weather


1. Weather instruments include wind vanes, rain gauges, barometer, psychrometers, and anemometers.
Match the pictures below with the correct name of the instrument and describe what that instruments does.
Picture Instrument name Description/ What does the instrument do?
a.


b.


c.



2. Describe how the barometric air pressure will change as bad weather approaches. _____________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
3. Describe how the barometric air pressure will change when bad weather dissipates and a stable air mass
take over. ______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
4. Convert the following atmospheric pressures using pg. _________ of the ESRT:
a. 29.88 in of Hg ___________________ mb
b. 1010.0 mb ___________________ in of Hg
c. 30.25 in of hg ___________________ mb
d. 993.0mb ___________________ in of Hg
e. Avg. atmosphere ___________________ mb, ___________________ in of Hg.

(1 atm)
5. Fill in the missing information about air masses in the following table:
Name Abbreviation Temperature Humidity Source region
a. Continental Tropical Mexico
b. cP
c. Warm High
d. Maritime Polar

6. Answer the questions that follow based on the map below.


a. Which city has the greatest wind speed? __________________ lowest wind speed? ________________
b. Explain how you got your answer to (a). ____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
c. Describe the circulation of air around the Low Pressure system. _________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
d. Describe the circulation of air around the high pressure system. _________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
e. Winds will always blow from areas of ______________ pressure to _______________ pressure.
f. The low pressure and high pressure systems will move from _______________ to _______________.
a. Describe how the jet stream influences the movement of storms over the united states.
______________________________________________________________________________
7. Describe where you would find precipitation along a cold front. ____________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
8. Describe where you would find precipitation along a warm front. ___________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
9. Identify the type of severe weather system associated with the description.
a. Small storm, extreme low pressure, funnel cloud: ___________________________
b. Large storm, extreme low pressure, consists of an eye, eye wall, and rain bands: _________________
10. Identify 2 or 3 ways to stay safe during the following severe storms:
a. Tornadoes: _______________________________________________________________________
b. Hurricanes: _______________________________________________________________________
c. Thunderstorms: ___________________________________________________________________
11. Describe how a land breeze forms. Be sure to include the time of day and how the winds are moving.
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
12. Describe how a sea breeze forms. Be sure to include the time of day and how the winds are moving.
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
13. Analyze the image below and answer the questions that follow.


a. Identify and label the two fronts found in the picture above.
b. What is the name of the air mass behind the cold front? __________________________
c. What is the name of the air mass behind the warm front? __________________________
d. How does the shape of the cold front compare to the shape of the warm front? __________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
e. How does the temperature behind a cold front compare to the temperature before it? ____________
_________________________________________________________________________________
f. How does the temperature behind a warm front compare to the temperature before it? __________
_________________________________________________________________________________
g. Draw the map symbols in the respective positions.



14. Weather symbols are found on pg. ____________ of the ESRT. Draw the weather symbols for the following:
Fog Smog Thunderstorm Tornado Snow


15. Describe the relationship between wind temperature and water temperature to create lake effect snow.
_______________________________________________________________________________________
16. Explain why locations to the west of the great lakes get far less snow compared to the locations east of the
lakes. __________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
17. How does the temperature and dew point relate to each other when the relative humidity is highest and it
is precipitating? __________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
18. Create a station model that has a high probability of precipitation.



19. Create a station model that has the following attributes:
Temperature = 86F, Dew Pt. = 81F, Visibility = 3 mi, Weather = hail, Clouds = 75%, Pressure = 984.6mb.
Trend = decreased by 3.1mb, Precipitation = .24 inches. Winds = Northeast @ 25 knots.








20. Be sure you know how to draw isolines. Remember, isobars (pressure) make circles around the highest and
lowest pressures. Isolines run from east to west.

21. Describe how all storms will move across the united states. _______________________________________