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SYLLABUS - Part 2

ELECTION LAWS
San Beda College of Law
Atty. Gallant D. Soriano, MNSA
(School Year 2016-2017)

1st Week 3. duty to register (Sec. 4, B.P.881)


4. continuing registration (Sec. 3, R.A. 8189)
5. mandatory biometric capture (R.A. 10367)
CHAP. 1 GENERAL PRINICIPLES
CASES:
A. Definition o Terms:
01) Yra v. Abano, 52 PHIL. 380
1. Election 02) Akbayan Youth v. Comelec, G.R. No.
2. Suffrage 147066, March 26, 2001
03) Macalintal v. Comelec, G.R. No. 157013,
B. Scope of Suffrage July 3, 2003
1. Election
2. Plebiscite CHAP. 3 CHALLENGE ; INCLUSION;
3.Referendum EXCLUSION; ANNULMENT OF BOOK OF
4. Initiative VOTERS
5. Recall

C. Kinds of Elections A. Challenges to right to register


1. General 1. Who may challenge ((Sec. 18, R.A. 8189)
2. Special 2. Requirements ((Sec. 18, R.A. 8189)
3. Procedure ((Sec. 18, R.A. 8189)
D. System of Election in the Philippines 4. Opposition ((Sec. 18, R.A. 8189)
E. Theories of Suffrage B. Petition for inclusion
1. in general 1. Who may file (Sec. 34 R.A. 8189)
2. in the Philippines 2. Requirements (Sec. 34 R.A. 8189
3. Where to file (Sec. 34 R.A. 8189)
F. Requisites for the exercise of Suffrage 4. When to file (Sec. 34 R.A. 8189)
5. When to decide (Sec. 34 R.A. 8189)
1. Sec. 1, Art. V, Constitution 6. Appeal (Sec. 33 R.A. 8189)
2. Sec. 118, B.P. 881
3. Sec. 10, B.P. 8189 C. Petition for exclusion
4. Sec. 6(2), B.P. 9189
1. Who may file (Sec. 35 R.A. 8189)
2. Requirements (Sec. 35 R.A. 8189
CHAP. 2 REGISTRATION OF VOTERS 3. Where to file (Sec. 35 R.A. 8189)
4. When to file (Sec. 35 R.A. 8189)
A. Relevant laws in Registration of Voters 5. When to decide (Sec. 32 R.A. 8189)
6. Appeal (Sec. 33 R.A. 8189)
1. B.P. 881 (Omnibus Election Code)
2. R.A. 8189 (Voters Registration Act of D. Annulment of book of voters
1996)
3. R.A. 9189 (Overseas Absentee 1. Who may file ((Sec. 39, R.A. 8189)
Voting Act of 2003) 2. Requirements ((Sec. 39, R.A. 8189)
4. R.A. 10367 (Mandatory Biometrics 3. Grounds ((Sec. 18, R.A. 8189)
Voter Registration) 4. Limitations ((Sec. 18, R.A. 8189
B. Registration of Voters
CASE:
1. rationale, necessity
2. disqualifications (Sec. 118, B.P. 881) 1. Ututalum v. Comelec, 181 SCRA 335

! 1!
2nd Week July 23, 2008
14) Rodriguez v. Comelec, G.R. No.
CHAP. 4 QUALIFICATIONS AND 120099, July 24, 1996
DISQUALIFICATIONS 15) Caasi v. Comelec, 191 SCRA 229

A. For national elective offices


3rd Week
1. President & Vice-President (Sec. 2, Art.
VII, Constitution; CHAP. 5 CERTIFICATE OF
2. Senate (Sec. 3, Art. VI, Constitution) CANDIDACY
3. House of Representatives (Sec. 6, Art.
VI, Constitution) A. Definition of terms

B. For local elective offices 1. Candidate


2. Certificate of Candidacy
1. Governor & Vice-Governor (Sec. 39,
R.A. 7160) B. Contents of COC (Sec. 74, B.P. 881)
2. Mayor of HUC (Sec. 39, R.A. 7160)
3. Mayor & Vice-Mayor of City (Sec. 39, C. Requirements for eligibility (Sec.
R.A. 7160) 73, B.P. 881)
4. SP & SB Members (Sec. 39, R.A.
7160) CASES:

C. Definition of terms: 16) De Guzman v. Board of Canvassers, 48


Phil. 211
1. Candidate 17) Jurilla v. Comelec, G.R. No. 105435, June
2, 1994
2. Qualifications
18) PNOC-EDC v. NLRC, G.R. No. 100947,
3. Disqualifications
May 31, 1993
4. Natural born citizen (Sec. 2, Art. IV, 19) Quinto v. Comelec, 613 SCRA 385
Constitution)
5. Residence
6. Domicile (Art. 50, Civil Code) D. Filing of COCS (Sec. 73, B.P. 881)

CASES: CASES

05) Frivaldo v. Comelec, 174 SCRA 245 20) Loreto-Go v. Comelec, G.R. No. 147741,
06) Labo v. Comelec, 176 SCRA 1 May 10, 2001
07) Romualdez-Marcos v. Comelec, 248
SCRA 499 E. Death, Disqualification, Withdrawal
08) Aquino v. Comelec, 248 SCRA 400 of Candidate

D. Disqualifications CASES:

1. Under the Omnibus Election Code 21) Luna v. Comelec, G.R. No. 165983, Apr.
24, 2007
2. Under the Local Government Code
22) Monsale v. Nico, 83 Phil. 75817
23) Cipriano v. Comelec, G.R. No. 158830,
CASES: Aug. 10, 2004
24) Abcede v. Imperial, G.R. No. 147741, May
09) Villaber v. Comelec, G.R. No. 148326, 10, 2001
Nov. 15, 2001
10) Moreno v. Comelec, G.R. No. F. Denial or cancellation of COC (Sec.
168550, Aug. 10, 2006 73, B.P. 881)
11) Grego v. Comelec, G.R. No. 125955,
June 19, 1997 25) Garvida v. Sales, G.R. No. 122872, Sep.
12) Reyes v. Comelec, 254 SCRA 514 10, 1997
26) Loong v. Comelec, 216 SCRA 760
13) Mercado v. Manzano, 307 SCRA 630
02) Lopez v. Comelec, G.R. No. 182701,
3rd Week
CHAP. 8 Casting of votes

CHAP. 6 CAMPAIGN; ELECTION A. Illiterate or disabled voter (Sec. 196,


PROPAGANDA; CONTRIBUTIONS AND B.P. 881)
EXPENSES
1. Requisite
A. Election Campaign or Partisan 2. Limitation
Political Activity
B. Authentication of ballots (Sec. 24,
1. Election Campaign ((Sec. 79, BP 881) R.A. 7166)
2. Prohibited Acts (((Sec. 80, BP 881)
1. Failure to authenticate
CASE
CASES:
27. Lanot v. Comelec, G.R. No. 164858,
Nov. 16, 2006 33. Libanan v. HRET, G.R. No. 129783,
Dec. 22, 1997
B. Election Propaganda 34. Punzalan v. Comelec, 289 SCRA 702

1. Lawful Election Propaganda (Sec. 82, C. Illegal Voter


BP 881; Sec. 3, RA 9006)
1. Challenge of illegal voter (Sec. 199,
CASES B.P. 881)
2. Other grounds (Sec. 200, B.P. 881)
28. Adiong v. Comelec, 207 SCRA 712 3. Procedure (Sec. 200, B.P. 881)
29. ABS-CBN v. Comelec, G.R. No. 4. Record of challenges and oaths (Sec.
133486, Jan. 28, 2000 202, B.P. 881)
30. SWS v. Comelec, G.R. No. 147571,
May 5, 2001
31. Chavez v. Comelc, G.R. No. 162777, CHAP. 9 BOARD OF ELECTION
Aug. 31, 2004 INSPECTORS

2. Prohibited Election Propaganda (Sec. 1. Composition


85, BP 881) 2. Qualifications
3. Disqualifications
C. Electoral Contributions and 4. Powers
Expenses

1. Contribution CHAP. 10 COUNTING OF VOTES


2. Expenditure
3. Limitation on Expenses (Sec. 13, R.A.
7166) A. Counting of votes
4. Statement of Contributions and
Expenses (Sec. 14, 7166) 1. Procedure (Sec. 206 B.P. 881)
2. Manner of counting (Sec. 25, R.A.
CASE 7166)
3. Appreciation of ballots (Sec. 211 B.P.
32. Pilar v. Comelec, 245 SCRA 759 881)

CHAP. 7 Watchers B. Election Returns

1. Entities entitled to watchers 1. Preparation


2. Qualifications of watchers 2. Result of election
2. Rights and duties of watchers 3. Certificate of votes
!
C H A P 1 1 - P R E - P R O C L A M AT I O N
CONTROVERSY 43. Mappala vs Judge Nunez 240 Scra 600

44. People vs Reyes 247 SCRA 328

1. Definition Sec 241, BP881

2. Purpose
3. Dierent Characteristics of Election
3. Rationale
Oenses

4. Issues that may be raised

CASE
CASE 45. De jesus vs people 120 scra 760

46. people vs bayona

35. Villamor vs COMELEC, GR 169865,


July 1, 2006
5. Prescriptive Period for Election
36. Lagumbay vs COMELEC 16 SCRA 175
Oenses

37. Castromayor vs COMELEC 250 SCRA


298

5. Characteristics of Pre-proc Con

1. Sec 242, BP 881

2. Secs 18,15,21 of RA7166

CHAP 12 - ELECTION CONTESTS

1. Who has jurisdiction (from President to


Brgy)

2. Definition:

1. Election Contest

2. Election Protest

3. Quo Warranto

3. Grounds of Election Contest

4. Issues that may be raised

5. Requisite of an Election Protest

CASE
38. Tan vs COMELEC June 1,1998

39. Arao vs COMELEC 210 SCRA 290

40. Gatchalian vs COMELEC 245 SCRA


208

41. Solar vs COMELEC 339 SCRA 685.

6. Requisites of Quo Warranto

7. Quo warranto in Elective Oce vs. Quo


Warranto in Appointive Oce

Chapter 13- ELECTION OFFENSES

1. Two Aspects of election Oenses

CASE

42. Sunga vs COMELEC, 288 SCRA 76

2. Dierent Types of Election Oenses

CASE:
LAW ON PUBLIC OFFICERS
CHAPTER 1 GENERAL PRINCIPLES 4. Entitlements of de facto ocers? Are
they entitled to salary?

6. Definition: Public Ocer

7. Elements of a Public Ocer


CASE
8. How are public ocers created
56. Monroy v. Court of Appeals,
9. What is meant by a public ocer
L-23258, July 1, 1967, 20 SCRA
620

CASE 57. Tu a n d a v s T h e H o n o r a b l e
Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 110544
48. Azarcon vs Sandiganbayan 268 SCRA October 17, 1995

747 (what a public ocer means)

58. General Manager, Philippine Ports


Authority (PPA) vs. Monserate G.R.
CHAPTER 2 No. 129616 April 17, 2002.

59. Civil Liberaties Union vs Executive


10. Eligibilty and Qualification for Public Secretary

Ocers
60. Sampayan vs Daza 213 SCRA 807

11. Meaning of Qualifications


61. Rodriguez vs Tan 91 Phil 724

12. Two Senses of Qualifications


62. Malaluan vs. COMELEC G.R. No.
1. Endowment
120193 March 6, 1996

2. For the performance of public


functions
CHAPTER 4 - COMMENCEMENT OF
OFFICIAL RELATIONS
CASE
49. Frivaldo vs COMELEC
1. Definition:

50. Lecaroz vs Sandiganbayan G.R. 1. Appointment

130872 March 25, 1999


2. Commission

3. Designation

13. Disqualifications
2. Two Classes of Appointment

14. Two types:


3. Rules on Appointment to Civil Service

1. General
4. Rules on Personnel Action (thru
2. Specific
certification)

1. Under the Constitution


5. Scope of Civil Service

2. Under the Local Government 6. Classes of Service

Code
7. Definition:

1. Promotion

CASE
2. Appointment

51. Flores vs Drilon G.R. 104732, June 22, 3. Reinstatement

1993
4. Transfer

52. National Amnesty Commission vs COA, 5. Reassignment

G.R. no 156982, September 8, 2004


6. Reemployment

53. Civil Liberties Union vs Executive


Secretary, 194 SCRA 317

54. Adaza vs Pacana 135 SCRA 431


CHAPTER 5 - DETAIL POWERS AND
55. In Re: Manzano 166 SCRA 246
DUTIES OF PUB OFF
CHAPTER 3
1. Authority of Public Ocers

1. Who are de facto ocers? Definition.


2. Rules on two Classification of Powers
2. What are the legal eects of acts of de (Ministerial and Discretionary)

facto ocers?
3. Duties of Public Ocers

3. Elements to determine whether one is a 1. General

de facto ocer
2. Specific

4. Prohibitions Involving Public Ocers

CHAPTER 6 - GENERAL RULE ON


LIABILITY OF PUBLIC OFFICERS

1. Statutory Liability

2. Rule on Liability on Contracts

3. Rule on Liability on Torts

4. Review Presidential Immunity from Suit

5. Three-fold Rule on Liability

6. Liability of Ministerial Ocers

7. Command Responsibility

CHAPTER 7 - RIGHTS OF PUBLIC


OFFICERS

CHAPTER 8 - TERMINATION