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1. Principle Dimension of Barge Vessel :


Data provided from PT. Aneka Tambang (Persero) Tbk.
LOA = 111.252 m
Breadth = 28.5 m
Depth Mld = 6.934 m
Draft Mld = 5.5 m
DWT = 12000 Ton
2. Environmental Conditions
Wave Data :
Hs = 0.336 m
Ts = 3.1 s
H25 = 2.4 m (Weibull Approach)
T25 = 10.2 s (Weibull Approach)
Direction = From northwest

Tidal Data :
LWS = 7 m from seabed
MSL = 8.5 m from seabed
HWL = 9.9 m from seabed

Current Data :
Direction = From northeast
C surface = 0.2 m/s
C seabed = 0.18 m/s

Wind Data :
Velocity = 13 m/s
Direction = From west-southwest

Soil Data :
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1. Define draft empty of Barge


Cb = 0.89 (Boa Barge 21 as Barge comparison)
(Boa Barge 21 Modul, Boa Offshore AS)
Lpp or Lwl = 111 m (Boa Barge 21 as Barge comparison)
Disp () = Loa x B x d x Cb x
= 111 x 28.5 x 5.5 x 0.89 x 1.025
= 15872.465813 Ton
Disp () = DWT + LWT
LWT = Disp - DWT
= 17821.7 - 12000
= 3872.4658125 Ton
Shape coefficient when empty equal to moulded (Cb empty = Cb moulded)

Fig 1. Transverse view of Boa Barge 21


Based on fig above, value of breadth empty is equal to breadth moulded, and Lwl empty is
equal to Lwl moulded.
Draft empty = LWT / (Lwl x Breadth x Cb x )
= 3872.47 / (111 x 28.5 x 0.89 x 1.025)
= 1.3418559045 m

2. Define Gross Tonnage of the Barge


Gross tonnage is total mass of barge and cargo, the calculation is defined in regulation 3 of
Annex 1 of The International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships, 1969.
GT = K x Vmld
K is multiplier based on the ship volume, and V is ship volume on moulded
V mld = Lwl x B x d x Cb
= 15485.3325 m3
K = 0.2 + 0.02 log V
= 0.2 + 0.02 log (Lwl.B.d.Cb)
= 0.2837984107
GT = K x Vmld
= 0.2838 x 15485.3
= 4394.7127526 Ton

3. Define Displacement Tonnage of Barge


Displacement Tonnage is total mass of DWT and GT
DT = 12000 + 4394.71
= 16394.712753 Ton

4. Define Berthing Forces


Berthing is force arising from a docked ship
DT .V 2
Ef CeC mC s Cc
2
DT .V 2
Ef CeC mC s Cc
2
Where ;
Ef = Berthing forces
DT = Displacement tonnage (PIANC recommended for M75)
= 12296.034564 Ton
V = Berth velocity (0.15 based on Berth velocity table, Pelabuhan, 2008)
Ce = Eccentricity coefficient
Cm = Virtual mass coefficient
Cs = Softness coefficient (1.0)
Cc = Berth configuration coefficient (1.0)

1
Ce 2
l
1
r

l = Distance of the centre gravity of ship to dock point


= 0.25 Loa
= 27.813 m
r = Radius of gyrations
= Based on r/l table, we know that r/l = 0.275
= 30.5943 m
Ce = 0.5475113122


d
Cm 1
2Cb B

Cm = 1.340429726
Now, we get all variable needed to calc berthing forces
Ef = 101.520733 kN.m
SF = 1.1
Ef = 111.6728063 kN.m
= 11.20748284 Ton.m
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Weibull Type Approach


Wave load calculation :
Wave apparent period (Tapp) :
Hmax = 1.7 m
T = 7.4 s
d=h = 9.9 m
g = 9.81 m/s2
Uc (Z=0) = 0.2 m/s
tide = 1.4 m from MSL
Tapp = Vi/gT ; Vi is current velocity
= 0.0027550486
d/gT2 = 0.0184290415
Tapp/T = 0.98 (Based on Doppler Graph - API RP 2A LRFD)
Tapp = 7.252 s

Wave Theory Region :


H/gTapp2 = 0.0032950676
d/gTapp 2
= 0.0191889228 Stokes Orde 5

Graph Doppler (API RP 2A LRFD):


Region of Applicability (API RP 2A LRFD):

Stokes 5th Order :


Frekuensi Gelombang
= 2/T
= 0.8486486486
Wave Number
k = 2/g tanh kh ; tahap awal tanh kh = 1
= 0.0734153444
tanh kh = tanh (0.073415).(9.9)
Selanjutnya akan dilakukan iterasi untuk mendapatkan nilai tanh kh yang paling mendekati
Iterasi k (asumsi) kh tanh kh k (hasil)
0 1 0.0734
1 0.0734153444 0.7268119099 0.6211110339 0.1182
2 0.1182000326 1.1701803224 0.8243299687 0.0891
3 0.0890606277 0.8817002141 0.707270057 0.1038
4 0.1038010074 1.0276299734 0.7729560582 0.0950
5 0.0949799716 0.9403017185 0.7353608462 0.0998
6 0.0998358082 0.9883745016 0.7566683542 0.0970
7 0.0970244679 0.960542232 0.7445186334 0.0986
8 0.0986077999 0.9762172191 0.7514236999 0.0977
9 0.0977016621 0.9672464548 0.7474917672 0.0982
10 0.0982155893 0.9723343343 0.7497282997 0.0979
11 0.0979226 0.9694337404 0.7484553433 0.0981
12 0.0980891446 0.971082532 0.7491796115 0.0980
13 0.0979943171 0.9701437395 0.7487674454 0.0980
14 0.098048259 0.9706777643 0.7490019739 0.0980
15 0.098017558 0.9703738243 0.7488685151 0.0980
Data k stabil pada iterasi ke 14, sehingga data yang digunakan adalah
tanh kh = 0.7490019739
Panjang gelombang dihitung dengan persamaan = gT2 tanh kh/ 2
= 64.0701536258 m
k = 2/
= 0.098017558
Cek :
H/h < (kh)2 = 0.1717171717 < 0.9422153222
H/ < 1 = 0.0265334154 < 1

Profil Gelombang :
Free-surface water deflection from still water :
1

s
n 1
Fn cos n( kx t )
k
Dimana :
F1 = a
F2 = a2F22 + a4F24
F3 = a2F33 + a4F35
F4 = a4F44
F5 = a5F55
Parameter F menunjukkan profil gelombang, sedangkan parameter a menunjukkan tinggi gelombang

kH 2[ a a 3 F33 a 5 ( F35 F55 )]

Kecepatan gelombang adalah

s
cosh nky
u
k
G
n 1
n
sin nkh
cos n( kx t )

s
sinh nky
v
k
G
n 1
n
sin nkh
sin n( kx t )

Dimana :
G1 = aG11 + a3G13 + a5G15
G2 = 2(a2G22 + a4G24)
G3 = 3(a3G33 + a5G35)
G4 = 4a4G44
G5 = 5a5G55
Dengan G adalah parameter kecepatan gelombang
Berikut adalah tabel harga parameter gelombang
h/ F22 F24 F33 F35 F44
0.1 3.892 -28.61 13.09 -138.6 44.99
0.15 1.539 1.344 2.381 6.935 4.147
0.2 0.927 1.398 0.996 3.679 1.259
0.25 0.699 1.064 0.63 2.244 0.676
0.3 0.599 0.893 0.495 1.685 0.484
0.35 0.551 0.804 0.435 1.438 0.407
0.4 0.527 0.759 0.41 1.33 0.371
0.5 0.507 0.722 0.384 1.23 0.344
0.6 0.502 0.712 0.377 1.205 0.337
Based on Skjelbreia and Hendrickson (1961)
Taken from Thomas H. Dawson. Offshore Structural Engineering (1983 p. 104)

Sedangkan berikut adalah tabel parameter kecepatan gelombang


h/ G11 G13 G15 G22 G24 G33 G35
0.1 1 -7.394 -12.73 2.996 -48.14 5.942 -121.7
0.15 1 -2.32 -4.684 0.86 -0.907 0.31 2.843
0.2 1 -1.263 -2.266 0.326 0.68 -0.017 1.093
0.25 1 -0.911 -1.415 0.154 0.673 -0.03 0.44
0.35 1 -0.696 -0.925 0.038 0.556 -0.015 0.152
0.4 1 -0.662 -0.85 0.02 0.528 -0.006 0.117
0.5 1 -0.635 -0.79 0.006 0.503 -0.002 0.092
0.6 1 -0.628 -0.777 0.502 -0.001 0.086 0
Based on Skjelbreia and Hendrickson (1961)
Taken from Thomas H. Dawson. Offshore Structural Engineering (1983 p.104)

Korelasi antara frekuensi gelombang dan wave number dinyatakan dalam :

2 gk (1 a 2 C1 a 4 C 2 ) tanh kh
Persamaan kecepatan gelombang adalah
0.5
g
c (1 a 2 C1 a 4 C 2 ) tanh kh
k
Berikut adalah tabel parameter tekanan dan frekuensi
h/ C1 C2 C3 C4
0.1 8.791 383.7 -0.31 -0.06
0.15 2.646 19.82 -0.155 0.257
0.2 1.549 5.044 -0.082 0.077
0.25 1.229 2.568 -0.043 0.028
0.3 1.107 1.833 -0.023 0.01
0.35 1.055 1.532 -0.012 0.004
0.4 1.027 1.393 -0.007 0.002
0.5 1.008 1.283 -0.001 ~0
0.6 1.002 1.24 -0.001 ~0
Based on Skjelbreia and Hendrickson (1961)
Taken from Thomas H. Dawson. Offshore Structural Engineering (1983 p.105)
Koefisien kecepatan gelombang adalah

cosh nky
U n Gn
sinh nkh
sinh nky
Vn G n
sinh nkh
Percepatan gelombang adalah

kc 2 5
ax Rn sin n(kx t )
2 n 1
kc 2 5
ay S n cos n(kx t )
2 n 1
Koefisien R dan S diberikan dalam persamaan bentuk U dan V berikut :
R1 = 2U1 - U1U2 - V1V2 - U2U3 - V2V3
R2 = 4U2 - U12 + V12 - 2U1U2 - 2V1V2
R3 = 6U3 - 3U1U2 + 3V1V2 - 3U1U4 - 3V1V4
R4 = 8U4 - 2U22 + 2V22 - 4U1U3 + 4V1V3
R5 = 10U5 - 5U1U4 - 5U2U3 + 5V1V4 + 5V2V3
dan komponen S adalah
S0 = -2U1V1
S1 = 2V1 - 3U1V2 - 3U2V1 - 5U2V3 - 5U3V2
S2 = 4V2 - 4U1V3 - 4U3V1
S3 = 6V3 - U1V2 + U2V1 - 5U1V4 - 5U4V1
S4 = 8V4 - 2U1V3 + 2U3V1 + 4U2V2
S5 = 10V4 - 3U1V4 + 3U4V1 - U2V3 + U3V2
Persamaan tekanan gelombang adalah sebagai berikut
1 g 3
P u (u 2 v 2 ) ( a C 3 a 4 C 4 ky' )
k 2 k
Dimana y' = y - h

Calculation :
Menentukan nilai a
h/ = 0.1545181249
= 0.15
Kita dapatkan nilai
F33 = 2.381
F35 = 6.935
F55 = 7.935
kH = 2(a + a F33 + a5(F35 + F55))
3

0.1666298486 = 2(a + 2.381a3 + a5(6.953 + 7.935))


= 2(a + 2.381a3 + 14.888a5)
= 2a + 4.762a3 + 29.776a5
0.16663 - 2a - 4.762a3 - 29.776a5 = 0
Menggunakan metode Newton Rapshon :

F ( xr )
x r 1 x r
F ' ( xr )
F (xr) = 0.16663 - 2a - 4.762a3 - 29.776a5
F' (xr) = 2 - 14.286a2 - 148.88a4
Asumsi awal yang dipakai xr = 0
Iterasi xr F (xr) F' (xr) x r+1
1 0 0.16663 -2 0.083315
2 0.083315 -0.0028735001 -2.1063381543 0.081950784
3 0.081950784 -2.518320E-006 -2.1026588336 0.0819495864
4 0.0819495864 -1.914453E-012 -2.1026556367 0.0819495864
5 0.0819495864 1.9244589E-018 -2.1026556367 0.0819495864
6 0.0819495864 1.9244589E-018 -2.1026556367 0.0819495864
7 0.0819495864 1.9244589E-018 -2.1026556367 0.0819495864
x r+1 konstan pada iterasi ke 5, yakni pada angka 0.0819495864
a = 0.0819495864
F1 = 0.0819495864
F2 = 0.0103961316
F3 = 0.0013360192
F4 = 0.0001870342
F5 = 2.932789E-005
Selanjutnya parameter F dimasukkan dalam persamaan
Sehingga :
= (1/0.098)x(0.08195 cos1 + 0.0104 cos2 + 0.0013 cos3 + 0.0002 cos4 + 0.00003 cos5)
= kx-t
Angka yang dicari adalah defleksi maksimum (puncak) dan minimum (lembah), dengan
puncak = 0, dan lembah = .
maks = 0.9579591837 m
min = -0.7416326531 m
Tinggi gelombang akibat defleksi maksimum adalah
y maks = h + maks
= 10.8579591837 m
y min = h + min
= 9.1583673469 m

Kecepatan Gelombang :
G1 = 0.0806554583
G2 = 0.0114692503
G3 = 0.0005433504
G4 = -3.012753E-005
G5 = -3.086173E-006
Masukkan parameter G ke persamaan
Sehingga :
/k = 8.6581288684 sin kh = 0.8250969784
cosh ky = 1.6218516937 sin 2kh = 0.9323449473
cosh 2ky = 4.2608058329 sin 3kh = 0.2284362709
cosh 3ky = 12.1989386196 sin 4kh = -0.6742160139
cosh 4ky = 35.3089326906 sin 5kh = -0.9902884051
cosh 5ky = 102.332765956

sinh ky = 1.276872318 cos kh = 0.5649911293


sinh 2ky = 4.1417950632 cos 2kh = -0.3615700476
sinh 3ky = 12.1578823585 cos 3kh = -0.9735588683
sinh 4ky = 35.2947691273 cos 4kh = -0.7385342014
sinh 5ky = 102.327879819 cos 5kh = 0.1390283234

u = 2.0941190503 m/s
v = 0.3747460696 m/s

Kecepatan Gelombang (celerity) :


c = 8.7377733157 m/s

Percapatan Gelombang (acceleration) :


U1 = 0.1585403839 V1 = 0.1248177181
U2 = 0.0524143438 V2 = 0.0509503317
U3 = 0.0290159612 V3 = 0.0289183062
U4 = 0.0015777895 V4 = 0.0015771566
U5 = 0.0003189138 V5 = 0.0003188986

R1 = 0.2994172236
R2 = 0.170763196 1.2
R3 = 0.1669039077 0.4
R4 = 0.0083569229
R5 = 0.0026854304

ax = 0.5058806807 m2/s

Fx FD FI
1
FD C D u 2
2
1
FI C m D 2 u
4
Fd = 2359.85817998 N
= 2.35985818 kN
Fi = 175.843112833 N
= 0.1758431128 kN
Ftotal = 2.5357012928 kN
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F55
163.8
7.935
1.734
0.797
0.525
0.42
0.373
0.339
0.329

G44
7.671
-0.167
-0.044
-0.005
0.002
0.001
0
0
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1. Curent load
From pre design, we know that
U surface = 0.2 m/s
U seabed = 0.18 m/s
D cyl = 0.4 m
Water depth = 9.9 m

Current load equation is

1
FD C D U 2 A
2
Cd = 1.05 (for roughness form)
A = Pile area affected by current
= r.d
= 6.237 m2
Fd surface = down, load will be smaller
= 1/2. Fd
= 0.25 x 1.025 x 1.05 x 0.22 x 6.237
= 0.0671257125 kN
Fd seabed = Uniform load distribution
= 0.5 x 1.025 x 1.05 x 0.182 x 6.237
= 0.1087436543 kN
F total = Fd1 + Fd2
= 0.1758693668 kN

2. Wind load
Wave load equations

1
Fwind C s AV 2
2
For this case, we will divide to 3 form
a. Concrete deck area
L concrete = 200 m
t concrete = 0.5 m
A concrete = Lxt
= 200 x 0.5
= 100 m2
= wind density
= 1.226 kg/m3
Cs = Shape coefficient
= 1.5 (for beam section)
V = 13 m/s
Fwa = 0.5 x 1 x 1 x 100 x 132
= 12675 N
= 12.675 kN

b. Fender frontal frame


L frame = 3.7
B frame = 1.6
n frame = 14
A frame = 5.92 m2
Cs = 1.5 (for side building)
Fwb1 = 919.94136 N
Fwb = Fwb1 x n
= 12879.17904 N
= 12.87917904 kN

c. Pile leg
D = 0.6 m
L lws = 4 m
A = 3.768 m2
n = 14
Cs = 0.5 (for cylindrical section)
Fwc1 = 195.176748 N
Fwc = 2732.474472 N
= 2.732474472 kN

Fw total = 28.286653512 kN
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Fd1

Fd
2
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1. Define Fender Type


Berthing = 11.2074828398 Ton.m
= 111.672806296 kN.m
From Trelleborg module we get data about fender type

from table above, we choose type E1.8 as fender used. Fender specification is
H (mm) = 800
DW (mm) = 1050
DB (mm) = 900
D (mm) = 30
d (mm) = 40
Anchor (mm) = 6xM30
W (kg) = 400
E (kN.m) = 114
E (Ton.m) = 11.44104
R (kN) = 326
R (Ton) = 32.71736
Deflection (%) = 52.2
R percentage (%) = 98
So, we get value of energy absorption
True Reaction = 319.48 kN
= 32.0630128 Ton
Check fender :
True Reaction < R fender
319.48 < 326 (Check OK)

2. Define Frontal Frame


From distance elevation barge deck when full loaded to lowest water level, we know that
From figure above, we know that
L frontal frame = 1.1008 m
R fender = 319.48 kN.m
Pressure hull = 200 kN/m2
Pressure allowable in frame is
R
P
LxB
A frontal frame = 1.5974 m2
SF = 1.1
Area frame = 1.75714 m2
B frame = 1.5962390988 m
= 1.6 m
Determination of frontal frame thickness based on strength of material used.
In this case, material is ASTM A 36
Fy = 36 Ksi
= 25310.50482 T/m2
Reduction factor = 0.4
True Fy (y) = 10124.201928 T/m2
Load distance = 1.1008 m
E berthing = 11.20748 T.m
Now, energy will be change into pressure
P = E/B
= 11.20748/0.45
= 7.004675 Ton
Load displacement ilustration :

Modified into distributed load


P/L = 6.3632585392 T/m
Lateral force = 7.004675
Moment at end = 30.065741739 Ton.m
Moment at intrsc = 7.71074624 Ton.m
Max moment = 30.065741739 Ton.m
Frame thickness will be calculated by equation

1 M max
Lt 2
6 y
t2 = Mmax/L.y
= (6 x 30.065742)/(4 x 10124.202)
= 0.0161865373 m2
t = 0.1272263233 m
= 12.7226323304 cm
= 13 cm (Pembulatan)
Mass of frantal frame (W) :
V = 0.2289664 m3
baja = 7860 kg/m3
W frontal frame = 1799.675904 kg
= 1.799675904 Ton
W fender n frame = 2199.675904 kg
= 2.199675904 Ton
n fender = 28
W total = 61.590925312 Ton

3. Define chain type


W frontal frame = 1.799675904 Ton
= 17.9319707075 kN
Estimasi L chain = 3.113 m
From open link chain module, we know that

We choose chain C = 14 mm
L = 42 mm
W/links = 0.2 kg
L chain = 126 mm
W chain = 0.6 kg
Chain requirement = 24.7063492063
= 25 (Pembulatan)
W chain req = 15 kg
n chain = 2
W chain fender = 30 kg

W for 1 set fender = 2229.675904 kg


= 2.229675904 Ton
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1. Define bollard force on the ship


From Pelabuhan, 2008, we get a table about ship pull force
GT Bollard pull Bitt pull
Ton Ton Ton
200 - 500 15 15
501 - 1000 25 25
1001 - 2000 35 25
2001 - 3000 35 35
3001 - 5000 50 35
5001 - 10000 70 50 (25)
GT barge is = 4394.7127526407
so we choose 50 Ton bollard pull
2. Define bollard spacing
From Pelabuhan, 2008, we get a table about placement bitt
GT Max space
Min n bitt
Ton m
~ 2000 10 - 15 4
2001 -5000 20 6
5001 - 20000 25 6
20001 - 50000 35 8
50001 - 100000 45 8
From comparison barge (BoaBarge 21), we know that number of ship bollard is 2 for each corner, so

so, bollard coordinates are


Bollard 1 = 2.5 m (from front side)
Bollard 2 = 42.5 m (from front side)
Bollard 3 = 118.5 m (from front side)
Bollard 4 = 158.5 m (from front side)
Bollard materials is BS EN 1563 Grade EN-GJS-450 or 500 / ASTM A 536 Grade 65-45-12 or 80-55-6
Bollard type is tee bollard

3. Define bollard mass


Specification of the bollard is
Based on fig above, we calculate volume of the bollard
Section 1 = 220 x 640 x 50
1
= 7040000 mm3
= 0.00704 m3
Section 2 = 0.25 x 6402 x 50
= 5120000 mm3
= 0.00512 m3
Section 3 = 0.25 x 2602 x 350 2
= 5915000 mm 3

= 0.005915 m3
Volume = 0.018075 m3
baja = 7860 kg/m3
Bollard mass = 142.0695 kg 3
n Bollard = 8
Total mass = 1136.556 kg
1.136556 Ton
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Perhitungan Secondary Girder :

Pada bagian ini kita akan membagi beban menjadi 2, yakni :


1. Live Load

Live load adalah semua beban yang berasal dari equipment yang berada di atas Jetty, yakni :
Hopper = 50 Ton
Unloading = 88 Ton
Kendaraan = 4 Ton
Jumlah hopper dan unloading adalah 2, sedangkan estimasi kendaraan yang bongkar muat adalah 6, sehingga
Berat beban total = 300 Ton

2. Dead Load
Dead load merupakan beban mati yang ditopang oleh girder yakni berupa slab Jetty dengan dimensi sbb ;
Panjang Jetty = 200 m
Lebar Jetty = 32 m
Tebal slab = 0.3 m
Beton = 2400 kg/m3
Berat slab Jetty = 4608 Ton

Sehingga beban total yang ditopang oleh secondari girder adalah 4908 Ton
Beban total (P) merupakan beban titik, dan akan dijadikan beban merata terhadap panjang Jetty, sehingga
P
q
L
P= 4908 Ton
A= 200 m
q= 24.54 Ton/m
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