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ABSTRAK

Cahya, Desy Krisna. 2016. Kajian Kuat Lekat Tulangan Bambu Ori (Bambusa arundinacea)
Dilapisi Serat GFRP / Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer Dibandingkan dengan Tulangan
Baja Polos pada Beton Normal . Skripsi, Program Studi S1 Teknik Sipil Fakultas Teknik
Universitas Negeri Malang. Pembimbing (I) Dr. Nindyawati, S.T., M.T. (II) Drs. Boedya
Djatmika, S.T., M.T.

Kata kunci: GFRP (Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer), bambu ori (Bambusa
arundinacea), baja, beton, takikan, kuat lekat

Ketersediaan tulangan baja semakin menipis. Diperlukan alternatif


material pengganti tulangan baja. Bambu memiliki peluang sebagai tulangan
pengganti baja. Pada penelitian ini menggunakan bambu ori (Bambusa
arundinacea) yang memiliki kuat tarik sebesar 291 MPa, mendekati kuat tarik
baja tulangan yang berkisar antara 240 MPa. Akan tetapi, modulus elastisitas
bambu relatif rendah, yang menyebabkan deformasi pada struktur beton
bertulang bambu menjadi besar. Digunakan material GFRP (Glass Fibre
Reinforced Polymer) untuk meningkatkan modulus elastisitas tulangan bambu.
Permukaan GFRP yang licin dan sifat higroskopis bambu mengakibatkan
lekatan antara beton dan tulangan bambu menjadi lemah. Pada tulangan
bambu berlapis serat GFRP diberi takikan tipe V yang mempunyai fungsi
sama dengan ulir pada tulangan baja dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan nilai
kuat lekatnya.
Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui: (1) Kuat tarik tulangan baja polos 12
mm, tulangan bambu ori, dan tulangan bambu ori berlapis serat GFRP, (2) Perbedaan nilai kuat
tarik tulangan baja polos 12 mm, tulangan bambu ori, dan tulangan bambu ori berlapis serat
GFRP, (3) Kuat lekat beton tulangan baja polos 12 mm, beton tulangan bambu ori bertakikan
tipe V dengan jarak antar takikan 6 cm, 4 cm, 2 cm, dan beton tulangan bambu ori tanpa takikan,
(4) Perbedaan nilai kuat lekat beton tulangan baja polos 12 mm, beton tulangan bambu ori
berlapis serat GFRP bertakikan tipe V dengan jarak antar takikan 6 cm, 4 cm, 2 cm, dan beton
tulangan bambu ori berlapis serat GFRP tanpa takikan, (5) Pola kegagalan uji kuat lekat.
Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode experimental
laboratories. Bambu ori yang digunakan sebagai tulangan berusia 3-5 tahun
yang diambil 1,5 m dari pangkal dan 3 m dari ujung. Sebagai pembanding
digunakan tulangan baja polos 12 mm. Sampel yang digunakan untuk
pengujian kuat lekat sebanyak 25 buah, untuk pengujian kuat tarik tulangan
sebanyak 3 buah, dan untuk pengujian kuat tekan beton sebanyak 5 buah.
Teknik analisis data menggunakan ANOVA Satu Arah (One Way) dengan taraf
signifikan = 0,05.
Hasil penelitian ini adalah: (1) Kuat tarik tulangan bambu ori sebesar fy =
88,69 Mpa, kuat tarik tulangan bambu ori berlapis serat GFRP 1 lapisan
sebesar fy = 124,58 Mpa, dan kuat tarik tulangan baja polos 12 mm sebesar
fy = 407,98 MPa. (2) Ada perbedaan secara signifikan ( = 0,05) antara kuat
tarik tulangan bambu ori, tulangan bambu ori berlapis serat GFRP 1 lapisan,
dan tulangan baja polos 12 mm. Persentase kuat tarik tulangan bambu ori
sebesar 26,66% terhadap tulangan baja polos 12 mm. Sedangkan
persentase tulangan bambu ori berlapis serat GFRP 1 lapisan sebesar 30,54%
terhadap tulangan baja polos 12 mm. (3) Kuat lekat tulangan baja polos 12
mm = 0,358 MPa, kuat lekat tulangan bambu berlapis serta GFRP bertakikan
tipe V jarak 60 mm = 0,109 MPa, kuat lekat tulangan bambu berlapis serta
GFRP bertakikan tipe V jarak 40 mm = 0,207 MPa, kuat lekat tulangan bambu
berlapis serta GFRP bertakikan tipe V jarak 20 mm = 0,149 MPa, dan kuat
lekat tulangan bambu berlapis serta GFRP tanpa takikan = 0,136. (4) Tidak
ada perbedaan secara signifikan ( = 0,005) antara kuat lekat tulangan baja
polos 12 mm, tulangan bambu ori berlapis serat GFRP bertakikan tipe V jarak
60 mm, jarak 40 mm, jarak 20 mm, dan tanpa takikan pada beton normal.

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Persentase kuat lekat tulangan bambu ori berlapis serat GFRP bertakikan tipe
V jarak 60 mm sebesar 17,83% terhadap kuat lekat tulangan baja polos 12
mm. Persentase kuat lekat tulangan bambu ori berlapis serat GFRP bertakikan
tipe V jarak 40 mm sebesar 57,67% terhadap kuat lekat tulangan baja polos
12 mm. Persentase kuat lekat tulangan bambu ori berlapis serat GFRP
bertakikan tipe V jarak 20 mm sebesar 41,46% terhadap kuat lekat tulangan
baja polos 12 mm. Sedangkan persentase kuat lekat tulangan bambu ori
berlapis serat GFRP tanpa takikan sebesar 36,34% terhadap kuat lekat
tulangan baja polos 12 mm. (5) Pola runtuh lekatan tulangan baja polos 12
mm adalah tulangan tercabut (selip), sedangkan untuk tulangan bambu ori
berlapis serat GFRP mengalami kegagalan pada tulangan dan beton yang
ditandai dengan patahnya tulangan ataupun beton hancur.

ABSTRACT
Cahya, Desy Krisna. 2016. Study of Reinforcing Ori Bamboo (Bambusa arundinacea) Adhesion
Firmness using GFRP / Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer Coated Compared with Plain
Steel Reinforcement on Normal Concrete. Skripsi, Major Study S1 Civil Engineering
Faculty of Engineering Universitas Negeri Malang. Academic Advisor (I) Dr. Nindyawati,
S.T., M.T. (II) Drs. Boedya Djatmika, S.T., M.T.

Kata kunci: GFRP (Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer), bamboo (Bambusa arundinacea),
steel, concrete, notch, adhesion firmness

The availability of steel reinforcement is mainly decreased. Alternative


replacement material required steel reinforcement. Bamboo has a fair chance
as a substitute for steel reinforcement. This study focus on the using of ori
bamboo (Bambusa arundinacea) which has a tensile strength of 291 MPa,
close to the tensile strength of steel reinforcement which ranges between 240
MPa. However, bamboo has relatively low modulus of elasticity, which causes
deformation of reinforced concrete structures of bamboo to grow bigger. This
study using material of GFRP (Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer) to increase the
modulus of elasticity of bamboo reinforcement. The greasy surface of GFRP
and hygroscopic properties of bamboo lead the bonding between the concrete
and the reinforcing bamboo weaker. In a layered bamboo fiber GFRP
reinforcement was given a notch by "V" type which has the same function as
the screw on the steel reinforcement in order to increase the value of
adhesion firmness.
The purpose of this study was to determine: (1) The tensile strength of plain steel
reinforcement 12 mm, the bamboo ori reinforcement, and the ori-bamboo fiber GFRP coated
reinforcement, (2) the value difference between the plain steel reinforcements tensile strength 12
mm, ori bamboo reinforcement, and ori bamboo fiber GFRP coated reinforcement, (3) Adhesion
firmness of plain steel reinforcing concrete 12 mm, ori bamboo reinforcing with a "V" notch
type concrete, using the distance between the notches 6 cm, 4 cm, 2 cm, and ori bamboo
reinforcing without notches concrete, (4) The adhesive firmness value difference of the plain steel
reinforcing concrete 12 mm, ori bamboo reinforcing GFRP fiber coated with "V" notch concrete
using the distance between the notches 6 cm, 4 cm, 2 cm, and ori bamboo reinforcing GFRP fiber
coated concrete without notches, (5) The pattern of adhesion firmness test failure.
The research methods used is experimental laboratories. Ori bamboo is
used as a the reinforcement aged 3-5 years are taken 1.5 m from the base
and 3 m from the tip. As the comparison, used 12 mm plain steel
reinforcement. The sample used for testing the adhesion firmness are 25
pieces, for testing the reinforcements tensile strength are as much as 3
pieces, and for testing concretes compressive strength are 5 pieces. Data
were analyzed using ANOVA One Way (One Way) with significance level =
0.05.

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The results of this study are: (1) The tensile strength of ori bamboo reinforcement of fy =
88.69 MPa, tensile strength fiber reinforcement GFRP layered ori bamboo 1 layer of fy = 124.58
MPa and tensile strength of plain steel reinforcement 12 mm of fy = 407.98 MPa. (2) There was
no significant difference ( = 0.05) between the tensile strength of ori bamboo reinforcement,
layered ori bamboo fiber reinforcement GFRP one layer and 12 mm plain steel reinforcement.
The percentage of tensile strength of ori bamboo reinforcement by 26.66% to 12 mm plain steel
reinforcement. While the percentage of reinforcing fiber layered bamboo ori GFRP in one layer of
30.54% to 12 mm plain steel reinforcement. (3) Adhesion firmness of plain steel reinforcing
concrete 12 mm = = 0,358 MPa, ori bamboo reinforcing with a "V" notch type concrete, using
the distance between the notches 6 cm = 0,109 MPa, 4 cm = 0,207 MPa, 2 cm = 0,149 MPa, and
ori bamboo reinforcing without notches concrete = = 0,136Mpa. (4) There is no significant
difference ( = 0.005) between the adhesion firmness of plain steel reinforcing
concrete 12 mm, ori bamboo reinforcing GFRP fiber coated with "V" notch concrete using the
distance between the notches 6 cm, 4 cm, 2 cm, and ori bamboo reinforcing GFRP fiber coated
concrete without notches. The percentage of adhesion firmness of ori bamboo
reinforcing GFRP fiber coated with "V" notch concrete using the distance between the notches 6
cm was 17.83% against the adhesion firmness of plain steel reinforcing concrete 12
mm. The percentage of adhesion firmness of ori bamboo reinforcing GFRP fiber coated
with "V" notch concrete using the distance between the notches 4 cm was 57.67% against
the adhesion firmness of plain steel reinforcing concrete 12 mm. The percentage of
adhesion firmness of ori bamboo reinforcing GFRP fiber coated with "V" notch concrete
using the distance between the notches 2 cm was 41.46% against the adhesion firmness
of plain steel reinforcing concrete 12 mm. While the percentage of adhesion firmness
of ori bamboo reinforcing GFRP fiber coated concrete without notches was 36.34% against
the adhesion firmness of plain steel reinforcing concrete 12 mm. (5) The collapse
pattern adhesions of plain steel reinforcing concrete 12 mm was reinforcement
deprived (skid), while for ori bamboo reinforcing GFRP fiber coated experienced a
failure of reinforcement which marked by fracture or broken concrete
reinforcement.

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