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Nanomaterial in Architecture

INTRODUCTION
The building construction and operation is one of the most valuable industries worldwide, so
it is expected that nanomaterial and nanotechnology will play an increasing role in the
architectural engineering.
Building materials:-

1. flexible solar panels,


2. Wi-Fi blocking paint,
3. self-healing concrete,(avoid cracking due to leakage when water seeps through bacterial
spores.)
4. materials to block ultraviolet and infrared radiation,
5. smog-eating coatings, and light-emitting walls and ceilings.
6. Nanotech is also starting to make the smart home a reality,
7. Solar Panel Innovation
8. Dye Sensitized Cell
9. DU Point Silicon
10. Carbon Nanotechnology ( when mix with concrete, increase compression and tension
steel rebar is no longer in use.)
11. Nano silica cement - compressive strength from 3 to 6 times higher)

It focuses on the applications and functions of nonmaterial in architecture.

Many products involving nanotechnology are already available and the future applications
seem endless in various areas, including energy and material design.

Together with architecture, it makes up the nano architecture style, which is the use of
nanotechnology architecture by either the new customized materials or the new shapes and
forms of buildings.

This paper presents some examples for the use of new nanomaterial in existing buildings,
which show the limitless feasibility of the application of the technological inventions of the
nano sciences.

The findings of this research indicate the importance of promoting the state-of-the-art
technologies to the architects of the 21st century to make them aware of such contemporary
issues, and to help maintain the currency and sustainability of newly designed buildings.
BACTERIA :
By embedding calcite-precipitating bacteria in the concrete mixture, it is possible
to create concrete that has self-healing capacities. As the pH value of concrete is
very high, only the so-called alkaliphilic bacteria are able to survive. We have
mixed several of these bacteria into a cement paste and after a month found the
spores of three particular bacteria where still viable.

Concrete has an autogenous healing capacity as unhydrated cement is


present in the matrix. When water contacts the unhydrated cement, further
hydration occurs. Furthermore, dissolved CO 2 reacts with Ca2+ to form CaCO3
crystals.

a chemical coating that can be painted on walls to produce the first light-
emitting walls using OLEDs (Organic Light Emitting Diodes) technology.

NANOTECHNOLOGY IN STEEL :

Nanocomposite steel is available & stronger (per ASTM)


Withstands temperatures as low as -140F
Increased plasticity
Free of corrosion-causing carbide paths

reduced amount of steel


Simplified placement of structural concrete
20 to 40% savings

Production of concrete accounts for 8% of total CO 2 emissions worldwide


Translucent concrete Cool idea by Dutch Architect, Rem Koolhaas

Translucent concrete ( light-transmitting concrete ):

It is a concrete based building material with light-transmissive properties due to


embedded light optical elements usually optical fibres

GLASS :
Can block UV & glare
Self-cleaning glass coated (titanium dioxide coating breaks down organic
matter

GYPSUM DRYWALL :

Nano-drywall is lighter, stronger and water resistant


ENERGY /HVAC :

Solar cells infused with nano-technology are thin, flexible and come in rolls
so they can be applied as roofing material

LEDs (point source) & OLEDs (sheet) :


40% of commercial energy goes to lighting
LED is most efficient, sustainable solution
10X more efficient than incandescent
50,000 - 100,000 hours (vs 10,000)

Light Emitting Wall :

A chemical coating to wallpaper and adding a very small electrical current (3-5
volts) to produce light evenly throughout a room. The walls are safe to touch.
The walls will use such a small amount of electricity that they could be powered
with solar or batteries.
Bibliography

LEONE, M. F. (2012). ARCHITECTURE ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY.


NANOTECHNOLOGY FOR ARCHITECTURE. INNOVATION AND ECO-EFFICIENCY OF
NANOSTRUCTURED CEMENT BASED MATERIAL , 9.

Mohamed Atw, A. A.-K. (2015). INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RECENT SCIENTIFIC


RESEARCH. TOWARDS NANO ARCHITECTURE:NANOMATERIAL IN ARCHITECTURE -
A REVIEW , 14.