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SCREENING DECISION REPORT

NIRB FILE NO.: 10YN017

May 21, 2010

Honourable Daniel Shewchuk


Minister Responsible for Nunavut Arctic College
Iqaluit, NU

Via email: dshewchuk@gov.nu.ca; salainga@gov.nu.ca; thughes@gov.nu.ca

Re: Screening Decision for the Geological Survey of Canada’s “Eastern Canadian Arctic
Seismic Experiment (ECASE) ” Project Proposal

Dear Honourable Daniel Shewchuk:

The primary objectives of the Nunavut Impact Review Board (NIRB) are set out in Section
12.2.5 of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement (NLCA) as follows:

In carrying out its functions, the primary objectives of NIRB shall be at all times to
protect and promote the existing and future well-being of the residents and communities
of the Nunavut Settlement Area, and to protect the ecosystemic integrity of the Nunavut
Settlement Area. NIRB shall take into account the well-being of the residents of Canada
outside the Nunavut Settlement Area.

Section 12.4.4 of the NLCA states:

Upon receipt of a project proposal, NIRB shall screen the proposal and indicate to the
Minister in writing that:
a) the proposal may be processed without a review under Part 5 or 6; NIRB may
recommend specific terms and conditions to be attached to any approval, reflecting
the primary objectives set out in Section 12.2.5;
b) the proposal requires review under Part 5 or 6; NIRB shall identify particular
issues or concerns which should be considered in such a review;
c) the proposal is insufficiently developed to permit proper screening, and should be
returned to the proponent for clarification; or
d) the potential adverse impacts of the proposal are so unacceptable that it should be
modified or abandoned.

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NIRB ASSESSMENT AND DECISION

After a thorough assessment of all material provided to the Board (please see Procedural History
and Project Activities in Appendix A), in accordance with the principles identified within
Section 12.4.2 of the NLCA, the decision of the Board as per Section 12.4.4 of the NLCA is:

12.4.4 (a): the proposal may be processed without a review under Part 5 or 6; NIRB may
recommend specific terms and conditions to be attached to any approval, reflecting the
primary objectives set out in Section 12.2.5.

RECOMMENDED PROJECT-SPECIFIC TERMS AND CONDITIONS


(pursuant to Section 12.4.4(a) of the NLCA)

The Board is recommending that the following or similar project-specific terms and conditions
be imposed upon the Proponent through all relevant legislation:

General
1. Geological Survey of Canada - Gordon Oakey (the Proponent) shall maintain a copy of the
Project Terms and Conditions at the site of operation at all times.
2. The Proponent shall forward copies of all permits obtained and required for this project to the
Nunavut Impact Review Board (NIRB) prior to the commencement of the project.
3. The Proponent shall operate in accordance with all commitments stated in correspondences
provided to NIRB including:
• Scientific Research Licence Application( December 18, 2009)
• NRCan GSC Letters to Northern Baffin Communities (Grise Fiord, Arctic Bay and Pond
Inlet on various dates)
• Natural Resources Canada Community Engagement Report(September 16, 2009)
• The NIRB Part 1 and Part 2 PSIR Forms (January 5, 2010 )
• NPC Conformity Determination (March 10, 2010)
• Emergency Spill Plan (April 22, 2010)
• NRCan BGR Marine Environment Assessment Report (May 4, 2010)
• Response to comments provided to the NIRB (May 11, 2010)
4. The Proponent shall operate the project in accordance with all applicable Acts, Regulations
and Guidelines.
Waste and Fuel
5. The Proponent shall not deposit, nor permit the deposit of any fuel, chemicals, wastes or
sediment into any waters, and shall managed wastes on board the vessel prior to final
disposal at an approved port facilities.
6. The Proponent shall keep and manage any waste waters generated from the project on board
the vessel, and dispose of waste water only in port facilities in accordance with approved ship
procedures and protocol.

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7. The Proponent shall report all spills of fuel, or other deleterious materials immediately to the
24 hour Spill Line at (867) 920-8130.
Wildlife
8. The Proponent shall not harass wildlife. This includes persistently worrying or chasing
animals, or disturbing large groups of marine mammals or seabird colonies. The Proponent
shall not hunt or fish, unless proper Nunavut authorizations have been acquired.
9. The Proponent shall ensure that all air gun start-up procedures include a “soft start/ramping
up” period. The rate of ramping up will be monitored so that it will not exceed more than 5db
per 5 minute period.
10. The Proponent shall ensure that all air gun start-up procedures will not commence unless a
full 1000 metre safety zone is clear of any marine mammal or colonies of seabirds by visual
inspection by a trained Marine Mammal Observer for a continuous period of at least 30
minutes. Air guns must be shut down if any marine mammal enters or is anticipated to enter
the 1000 metre safety zone.
11. The Proponent shall only operate the air gun array when the visibility is sufficient to allow
Marine Mammal Observers to do their job effectively.
12. The Proponent shall suspend all project activities should any dead fish or wildlife, or any
injured wildlife be observed in the wake of the vessel. Resumption of activities will be
dependent on the results of discussions with Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) and
Government of Nunavut – Department of Environment representatives, and the
circumstances leading to the injuries or mortalities.
Public Consultation
13. The Proponent shall conduct meaningful public consultation in potentially affected five
communities in the North Baffin region (Grise Fiord, Resolute, Arctic Bay, Pond Inlet and
Clyde River) by providing clear, non technical information and an opportunity for additional
mitigation measures to be developed to address public concerns prior to commencement of
the project.
Other
14. All field operations staff should be made aware of the proponents’ commitments to the
committed mitigation measures and provided with appropriate training prior to
commencement of the project.
15. The Proponent shall schedule its project activities appropriately based on information
acquired from consultation with local residents, so as to ensure that project activities will not
interfere with Inuit wildlife harvesting or traditional land use activities.
16. The Proponent should, to the extent possible, hire local people and to consult with local
residents regarding their activities in the region.
17. Any activity related to this application, and outside the original scope of the project as
described in the application, will be considered a new project and should be submitted to the
NIRB for Screening.

Monitoring and Reporting Requirements

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1. The Proponent shall submit a comprehensive final report to the NIRB by March 31, 2011
which should contain, as a minimum, the following information:
a. A summary of activities undertaken for the year, including the number of survey lines
completed;
b. A work plan for the following year, if applicable;
c. Descriptions of any wildlife encounters and actions/mitigation taken;
d. A summary of local hires and initiatives;
e. A summary of community consultations undertaken and the results (if any);
f. A discussion of issues related to wildlife and environmental monitoring, including the
number of air gun shut downs required;
g. An analysis of the effectiveness of mitigation measures for wildlife; and
h. A summary of how it has complied with all Project-Specific Terms and Conditions
and how the Terms and Conditions are achieving their purpose.

2. The Proponent shall submit a copy of its wildlife monitoring report to Fisheries and Oceans
Canada (Eastern Arctic Area Office, Gary Cooper Gary.Cooper@dfo-mpo.gc.ca), and the
Canadian Wildlife Service (NWT/NU Bird Checklist Survey, NWTChecklist@ec.gc.ca).
This report should cover migratory birds and mammals, in particular the Species at Risk,
including but not limited to the following information:
a. Wildlife species encountered and observed;
b. Locations (i.e., latitude and longitude), number of animals, gender and age if possible
to identify;
c. Activity, including critical life events (i.e., feeding, mating, calving, migration, social
gathering) within the project areas;
d. Attraction of wildlife by the ship and deterring measures taken;
e. Behaviour or actions to the ship and seismic noise taken by wildlife when project
activities were encountered;
f. Potential impacts from the project, and mitigation measures implemented to minimize
the impacts;
g. Evaluation of effectiveness of mitigation and whether further mitigation were
implemented;
h. Summary of any documented injuries or mortalities to wildlife, with a description of
the circumstances leading to the injuries or mortalities, follow-up reporting and
mitigation measured implemented; and
i. Summary and recommendations regarding the mitigation measures to be considered
for similar operation in the project area.

Other NIRB Concerns and Recommendations

1. Potential Cumulative Effects


The Proponent and authorizing agencies should be aware of other similar projects in or near
the proposed project area, and the potential for related cumulative impacts:

 10YN017 - Geological Survey of Canada’s “Eastern Canadian Arctic Seismic


Experiment (ECASE) project Proposal

P.O. Box 1360 Cambridge Bay, NU X0B 0C0 Phone: (867) 983-4600 Fax: (867) 983-2594
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 10YN040 - Fisheries and Oceans Canada’s “Improvement of Marine Oil Spill Response
Methods for use in the Arctic” project Proposal.
 10-01-53884 (CEAR Reference No.) TGS NOPEC’s “East Coast Canada/Baffin Bay 2D
Marine Seismic Exploration Survey” project proposal.
2. Proposed Lancaster Sound National Marine Conservation Area (NMCA)
It is recognized that the ECASE project is not part of the mineral and energy resources
assessment that would be one component of the feasibility study for the Lancaster Sound
NMCA. To date the scope and scale of the information required on mineral and energy resources
for the feasibility study for a proposed NMCA has not been determined. However, the
information collected through the proposed single seismic transect through Lancaster Sound,
should it be carried out, may provide valuable information to assist Parks Canada and other
agencies in identifying the requirements for a non-renewable resources assessment.

It appears that there has been a lack of coordination between Geological Survey of Canada and
other federal government departments when designing and communicating this project proposal.
Also, public concerns have been communicated regarding the lack of meaningful consultation
with potentially affected communities and miscommunication regarding the late provision of
project information during the screening process. As such, the Proponent is strongly encouraged
to share the results of its research with Parks Canada to further the development of a mineral and
energy resources assessment for Lancaster Sound, and to further consult with potentially affected
communities prior to conducting planned activities in the region.

It is also recommended that:

General
All Authorizing Agencies shall notify the NIRB of any changes in operating plans or conditions
associated with this project prior to any such change.

The Proponent
1. The Proponent shall adhere to all mitigation measures included in the Statement of Canadian
Practice on the Mitigation of Seismic Noise in the Marine Environment (online at:
http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/oceans-habitat/oceans/im-gi/seismic-sismique/statement-
enonce_e.asp).

2. The Proponent shall be aware the proposed survey lines cross three areas identified as key
marine habitat sites for migratory birds: Eastern Jones Sound, Eastern Lancaster Sound in
NSA. This area also includes the Nirjutiqavvik National Wildlife Area (Coburg Island)
which is directly intersected by the proposed survey line #3 (for more information go to
http://www.cws-scf.ec.gc.ca/publications/papers/114/index_e.cfm).

3. The Proponent should review the bear/carnivore detection and deterrent techniques outlined
in “Safety in Grizzly and Black Bear Country” which can be down-loaded from this link:
http://www.nwtwildlife.com/Publications/safetyinbearcountry/safety.htm. Note that some
recommendations in this manual are also relevant to polar bears. There is a DVD about polar

P.O. Box 1360 Cambridge Bay, NU X0B 0C0 Phone: (867) 983-4600 Fax: (867) 983-2594
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bears and safety available from Nunavut Parks at the following link
http://www.nunavutparks.com/english/visitor-information/suggested-resources.html and a
“Safety in Polar Bear Country” pamphlet from Parks Canada at the following link
http://www.pc.gc.ca/pn-np/nu/auyuittuq/pdf/PolarBearEnglish2007final.pdf.

4. The Proponent review Environment Canada’s (EC) “Technical Document for Batch Waste
Incineration”, available at the following link: http://www.ec.gc.ca/gdd-
mw/default.asp?lang=En&n=F53EDE13-1. This technical document provides information on
appropriate incineration technologies, best management and operational practices,
monitoring and reporting, and should be incorporated into an incineration management plan
for the project and submitted to EC for review prior to implementation.

5. The Proponent should contact Transport Canada at the contact information below to discuss
the details of the proposed project: Prairie and Northern Region, Navigable Waters
Protection Program, Transport Canada. Phone: 780-495-8215, Fax: 780-495-8607.

Regulatory Requirements

The Proponent is also advised that the following legislation may apply to the project:

1. The Fisheries Act (http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/showtdm/cs/F-14///en).

2. The Migratory Birds Convention Act and Migratory Birds Regulations


(http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/showtdm/cs/M-7.01).

3. The Species at Risk Act (http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/showtdm/cs/S-15.3). Attached in


Appendix B is a list of Species at Risk in Nunavut.

4. The Nunavut Wildlife Act which contains provisions to protect and conserve wildlife and
wildlife habitat, including specific protection measures for wildlife habitat and species at
risk.

5. The Nunavut Act (http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/showtdm/cs/N-28.6). The Proponent must


comply with the proposed terms and conditions listed in the attached Appendix C.

6. The Aeronautics Act (http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/A-2/).

7. The Navigable Waters Protection Act (NWPA) (http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/N-22/index.html).

8. The Guide to Canada’s Ballast Water Control and Management Regulations


(http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/marinesafety/tp-tp13617-menu-2138.htm )

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Validity of Land Claims Agreement

Section 2.12.2
Where there is any inconsistency or conflict between any federal, territorial and local
government laws, and the Agreement, the Agreement shall prevail to the extent of the
inconsistency or conflict.

Dated May 21, 2010 at Sanikiluaq, NU.

Lucassie Arragutainaq, Chairperson

Attachments: Appendix A: Procedural History and Past Activities


Appendix B: Species at Risk in Nunavut
Appendix C: Archaeological and Palaeontological Resources Terms and Conditions for Land Use
Permit Holders.

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Appendix A
Procedural History and Project Activities

Procedural History

On December 18, 2009 the Nunavut Impact Review Board (NIRB or Board) received the
Geological Survey of Canada’s (GSC) “Eastern Canadian Arctic Seismic Experiment (ECASE)”
project proposal from the Nunavut Research Institute (NRI). On March 11, 2010 the NIRB
received a positive conformity determination (North Baffin Regional Land Use Plan) from the
Nunavut Planning Commission (NPC) for this file and commenced screening pursuant to Part 4
of Article 12 of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement (NLCA). The NIRB assigned this project
proposal file number 10YN017.

Coordination with CEAA for Transboundary Project Activities

A portion of this proposed project is located within the Nunavut Settlement Area (NSA) and is
therefore subject to screening by the NIRB pursuant to Part 4 of Article 12 of the NLCA. There
is also a portion of the project located outside of the NSA and within Canadian waters which is
subject to screening by Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) pursuant to Section 5 of the
Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (NRCan File No. NT-066; CEAR Reference No. 10-
01-50061). The NIRB has been coordinating its screening with NRCan and the Canadian
Environmental Assessment Agency (CEAA) to ensure the complete scope of the project as
proposed is assessed in accordance with the specific mandate and jurisdiction of the regulatory
authorities involved and that potential duplication is minimized.

Public Commenting

This project proposal was distributed to community organizations in Grise Fiord, Resolute,
Arctic Bay and Pond Inlet, as well as to various federal and territorial government agencies, and
Inuit organizations. The NIRB requested that interested parties review the project proposal, and
provide the Board with any comments or concerns by April 15, 2010 regarding:

 Whether the project proposal is likely to arouse significant public concern; and if so,
why;
 Whether the project proposal is likely to cause significant adverse eco-systemic and
socio-economic effects; and if so, why;
 Whether the project is of a type where the potential adverse effects are highly predictable
and mitigable with known technology, (providing any recommended mitigation
measures); and
 Any matter of importance to the Party related to the project proposal.

Following receipt of requests for an extension to the commenting period from the Qikiqtani Inuit
Association and the Community and Lands Resources Committee of Pond Inlet, the deadline for
comments was extended to April 26, 2010.

On or before April 26, 2010 the NIRB received comments from the following interested parties:

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 Qikiqtani Inuit Association (QIA)
 Hamlet of Arctic Bay
 Ikajutit Hunters and Trappers Organization (Arctic Bay HTO)
 Hamlet of Grise Fiord
 Government of Nunavut – Culture, Language, Elders and Youth (GN-CLEY)
 Government of Nunavut - Department of Environment (GN-DoE)
 Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO)
 Environment Canada (EC)
 Transport Canada (TC)
 Parks Canada (PC)
 Oceans North Canada
 Christopher O'Brien (member of the public)

All comments provided to NIRB regarding this project proposal can be viewed on NIRB’s ftp-
site, at the following location:
http://ftp.nirb.ca/SCREENINGS/COMPLETED%20SCREENINGS/

Project Activities

The GSC has initiated a new Geo-mapping for Energy and Minerals (GEM) Program to increase
economic prosperity of northern Canada through long term private sector investment in resource
development, in collaboration with the German Federal Institute of Geoscience (BGR). This
proposed research project will be a joint marine seismic program between NRCan-GSC and
BGR to study the structure, geology and geodynamic evolution of the Northern Baffin Bay
Region. The outcome of this project would provide new constraints on plate motions between
Canada and Greenland, and would improve the understanding of the development and evolution
of the thick sedimentary basins and their hydrocarbon potential.

The proposed marine survey would be conducted aboard the German research vessel RV
Polarstern over approximately 55 days between July 31 and October 15, 2010. The project
would include a maximum of 5 deep crustal seismic profiles (shot lines), of which 3 will be
located in the NSA in Jones Sound and Lancaster Sound, and 2 located in the Canadian waters of
Baffin Bay.

The proposed project components and activities located within the NSA and therefore subject to
screening by the NIRB include:

 Three (3) deep crustal seismic profiles (shot lines) in Jones, Lancaster Sound and east
coast of Devon Island;
 Seismic energy source consisting of a tuned air-powered source array with a sound
production level of about 246 rms re 1 µPa at 1 m vertically beneath the source array;
 Firing of the source array at regular 1 minute shot-point intervals along each survey line;
 Approximately 600 hours of active seismic acquisition (use of air guns) to run the
duration of the entire cruise;
 Operations of magnetic, gravimetric, bathymetric and sub-bottom profiling systems in
parallel on all profiles and transit tracks;

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 Deployment of Ocean Bottom Seismometers (OBSs), with operation of an air-powered
acoustic system and retrieval of the OBSs; and,
 Use of aircraft for personnel drop-offs and pick-ups.

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Appendix B
Species at Risk in Nunavut

This list includes species listed on one of the Schedules of SARA (Species at Risk Act) and under
consideration for listing on Schedule 1 of SARA. These species have been designated as at risk
by COSEWIC (Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada). This list may not
include all species identified as at risk by the Territorial Government.

• Schedule 1 is the official legal list of Species at Risk for SARA. SARA applies to all
species on Schedule 1. The term “listed” species refers to species on Schedule 1.
• Schedule 2 and 3 of SARA identify species that were designated at risk by the
COSEWIC prior to October 1999 and must be reassessed using revised criteria before
they can be considered for addition to Schedule 1.
• Some species identified at risk by COSEWIC are “pending” addition to Schedule 1 of
SARA. These species are under consideration for addition to Schedule 1, subject to
further consultation or assessment.

Schedules of SARA are amended on a regular basis so it is important to periodically check the
SARA registry (www.sararegistry.gc.ca) to get the current status of a species.

Updated: August 4, 2009

Government
COSEWIC Organization with
Species at Risk Designation Schedule of SARA Lead Management
Responsibility 1
Eskimo Curlew Endangered Schedule 1 EC
Ivory Gull Endangered Schedule 1 EC
Ross’s Gull Threatened Schedule 1 EC
Harlequin Duck (Eastern Special Concern Schedule 1 EC
population)
Rusty Blackbird Special Concern Schedule 1 Government of
Nunavut
Felt-leaf Willow Special Concern Schedule 1 Government of
Nunavut
Peregrine Falcon (anatum- Special Concern Schedule 1 Government of
tundrius complex) (anatum) Nunavut
Schedule 3
(tundrius)
Short-eared Owl Special Concern Schedule 3 Government of
Nunavut
Peary Caribou Endangered Pending Government of
Nunavut
Beluga Whale Endangered Pending DFO
(Eastern Hudson Bay population)
Red Knot (rufa subspecies) Endangered Pending EC

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Beluga Whale Threatened Pending DFO
(Cumberland Sound population)
Atlantic Cod (Arctic population) Special Concern Pending DFO
Beluga Whale Special Concern Pending DFO
(Western Hudson Bay
population)
Beluga Whale Special Concern Pending DFO
(Eastern High Arctic – Baffin
Bay population)
Bowhead Whale Special Concern Pending DFO
(Eastern Canada – West
Greenland population)
Killer Whale (Northwest Atlantic Special Concern Pending DFO
/ Eastern Arctic populations)
Porsild’s Bryum Threatened Pending Government of
Nunavut
Atlantic Walrus Special Concern Pending DFO
Narwhal Special Concern Pending DFO
Red Knot (islandica subspecies) Special Concern Pending EC
Horned Grebe (Western Special Concern Pending EC
population)
Barren-ground Caribou (Dolphin Special Concern Pending Government of
and Union population) Nunavut
Grizzly Bear Special Concern Pending Government of
Nunavut
Polar Bear Special Concern Pending Government of
Nunavut
Wolverine (Western Population) Special Concern Pending Government of
Nunavut
1
Environment Canada (EC) has a national role to play in the conservation and recovery of Species at Risk in
Canada, as well as responsibility for management of birds described in the Migratory Birds Convention Act
(MBCA). Day-to-day management of terrestrial species not covered in the MBCA is the responsibility of the
Territorial Government. Populations that exist in National Parks are also managed under the authority of the Parks
Canada Agency. The Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) has responsibility for management of aquatic
species.

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Appendix C
Archaeological and Palaeontological Resources Terms and Conditions
for Land Use Permit Holders

BACKGROUND: Archaeology

As stated in Article 33 of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement:

The archaeological record of the Inuit of Nunavut is a record of Inuit use and occupancy of lands
and resources through time. The evidence associated with their use and occupancy represents a
cultural, historical and ethnographic heritage of Inuit society and, as such, Government
recognizes that Inuit have a special relationship with such evidence, which shall be expressed in
terms of special rights and responsibilities. [33.2.1]

The archaeological record of Nunavut is of spiritual, cultural, religious and educational


importance to Inuit. Accordingly, the identification, protection and conservation of
archaeological sites and specimens and the interpretation of the archaeological record is of
primary importance to Inuit and their involvement is both desirable and necessary. [33.2.2]

In recognition of the cultural, spiritual and religious importance of certain areas in Nunavut to
Inuit, Inuit have special rights and interests in these areas as defined by Article 33 of the Nunavut
Land Claims Agreement. [33.2.5]

BACKGROUND: Palaeontology

Under the Nunavut Act1, the federal Government can make regulations for the protection, care
and preservation of palaeontological sites and specimens in Nunavut. Under the Nunavut
Archaeological and Palaeontological Sites Regulations2, it is illegal to alter or disturb any
palaeontological site in Nunavut unless permission is first granted through the permitting
process.

Definitions

1 s. 51(1)
2 P.C. 2001-1111 14 June, 2001

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As defined in the Nunavut Archaeological and Palaeontological Sites Regulations, the following
definitions apply:

“archaeological site” means a place where an archaeological artifact is found.

“archaeological artifact” means any tangible evidence of human activity that is more than 50
years old and in respect of which an unbroken chain of possession or regular pattern of usage
cannot be demonstrated, and includes a Denesuline archaeological specimen referred to in
section 40.4.9 of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement.

“palaeontological site” means a site where a fossil is found.

“fossil” includes:
(a) natural casts
(b) preserved tracks, coprolites and plant remains; and
(c) the preserved shells and exoskeletons of invertebrates and the eggs, teeth and bones of
vertebrates.

Terms and Conditions

1) The permittee shall not operate any vehicle over a known or suspected archaeological or
palaeontological site.

2) The permittee shall not remove, disturb, or displace any archaeological artifact or site, or
any fossil or palaeontological site.

3) The permittee shall immediately contact the Department of Culture, Language, Elders and
Youth (867) 934-2046 or (867) 975-5500 or 1 (866) 934-2035 should an archaeological
site or specimen, or a palaeontological site or fossil be encountered or disturbed by any
land use activity.

4) The permittee shall immediately cease any activity that disturbs an archaeological or
palaeontological site encountered during the course of a land use operation, until
permitted to proceed with the authorization of the Department of Culture, Language,
Elders and Youth, Government of Nunavut.

5) The permittee shall follow the direction of the Department of Culture, Language, Elders
and Youth and DIAND in restoring disturbed archaeological or palaeontological sites to
an acceptable condition.

6) The permittee shall provide all information requested by the Department of Culture,
Language, Elders and Youth concerning all archaeological sites or artifacts and all
palaeontological sites and fossils encountered in the course of any land use activity.

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7) The permittee shall make best efforts to ensure that all persons working under authority of
the permit are aware of these conditions concerning archaeological sites and artifacts, and
palaeontological sites and fossils.

8) The permittee shall avoid the known archaeological and/or palaeontological sites listed in
Attachment 1.

9) The permittee shall have an archaeologist or palaeontologist perform the following


functions, as required by the Department of Culture, Language, Elders and Youth:

a. survey
b. inventory and documentation of the archaeological or palaeontological resources of
the land use area
c. assessment of potential for damage to archaeological or palaeontological sites
d. mitigation
e. marking boundaries of archaeological or palaeontological sites
f. site restoration

The Department of Culture, Language, Elders and Youth shall authorize by way of a Nunavut
Archaeologist Permit or a Nunavut Palaeontologist Permit, all procedures subsumed under the
above operations.

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