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GENERAL LONG TERM PLANNING MANUAL FOR

USING MINEX 6, AND TALPAC SOFTWARE

Valid from November, 2009


Revision 00

MINE PLANNING DEPARTMENT


DEVELOPMENT DIVISION
2009
CONTENTS

CONTENTS 2
MINE PLANNING PROCESS FLOWCHART 3
CHAPTER 1. GEOLOGICAL DATA PREPARATION 6
1.1. Create Merged Model.................................................................................... 6
1.1.1. Create and Open a Geometry File...........................................................6
1.1.2. Create Merge DD..................................................................................... 7
1.1.3. Create Parameter File.............................................................................. 8
1.1.4. Create Merged Model.............................................................................. 9
1.2. Generate other quality grids.......................................................................12
1.3. MODEL CHECK............................................................................................. 16
1.3.1. Coal Quality Checking...........................................................................16
1.3.2. Waste Quality Checking........................................................................16
1.3.3. Model Check List................................................................................... 17
CHAPTER 2. OPTIMISER WORK 18
2.1. Get Parameters for the Optimiser Run.........................................................18
2.2. OPTIMISER RUN........................................................................................... 19
2.2.1. Running the Optimizer..........................................................................24
2.3. REPORT ALL OPTIMISER SHELL....................................................................27
2.4. PICK THE OPTIMUM SHELL..........................................................................30
CHAPTER 3. OPEN PIT DESIGN 31
3.1. DETERMINE BASAL SEAM OF THE OPTIMUM SHELL.....................................31
3.1.1. Calculating Insitu Resources (Recommended)......................................31
3.1.2. Plotting Cross Sections..........................................................................35
3.1.3. Plotting a plan....................................................................................... 44
3.1.4. Capturing Graphics including Sections and Plans..................................49
3.2. Generate the pit shell that is the actual boundary......................................51
3.2.1. Create a new Grid Folder.......................................................................51
3.2.2. Determine the upper and lower Z value of your pit design using grid
contours............................................................................................................. 51
3.2.3. Create the bench grids..........................................................................53
3.2.4. Define the Bench List............................................................................ 55
3.2.5. Digitise the pit boundary toe.................................................................56
3.2.6. Automatic Projection without ramp.......................................................57
3.2.7. Manual Projection without ramp............................................................58
3.2.8. Manual Projection with ramp.................................................................61

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3.2.9. Viewing your pit geometry data............................................................62
3.2.10. Generate a Pit Basal Surface.................................................................63
3.3. Create the pit that will hold your reserves (rubix cube pit).........................64
3.3.1. Define bench list................................................................................... 64
3.3.2. Digitise the pit boundary.......................................................................65
3.3.3. Generate the boundary.........................................................................69
3.3.4. Generate Strips..................................................................................... 71
3.3.5. Generating Blocks................................................................................. 74
CHAPTER 4. RESERVES 77
4.1. Generate Insitu Reserves............................................................................ 77
4.1.1. Create a new mine reserves database..................................................77
4.1.2. Edit Codes and Layers...........................................................................77
4.1.3. Add a pit to the database......................................................................79
4.1.4. Define the quality variables..................................................................80
4.1.5. Generate insitu volumes.......................................................................82
4.1.6. Check the volumes................................................................................ 82
4.1.7. Update Qualities.................................................................................... 84
4.2. Build the ROM Reserves.............................................................................. 87
4.3. Run Add % SQL For Geotechnical Purposes.................................................89
4.4. Reporting Reserves...................................................................................... 90
CHAPTER 5. RESERVE STATEMENT 91
5.1. Resources.................................................................................................... 91
5.2. Reserves...................................................................................................... 97
5.2.1. Create Class Grids................................................................................. 97
5.2.2. Add Qualities to the Mine Reserves Database.......................................99
5.2.3. Update Qualities.................................................................................. 100
5.2.4. Report Reserves using batch commands (MSSRPT)............................102
CHAPTER 6. PRODUCTION SCHEDULING 104
6.1. Setting up a calendar................................................................................ 104
6.1.1. Create an ASCII calendar.....................................................................104
6.1.2. Converting to Minex Binary Format.....................................................105
6.1.3. Opening a Binary Calendar File...........................................................106
6.2. Setting up the equipment file....................................................................106
6.2.1. Opening the equipment file.................................................................107
6.2.2. Editing the equipment file...................................................................108
6.3. Create a new schedule.............................................................................. 110
6.4. Make a new schedule................................................................................ 111

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6.5. Schedule Rules.......................................................................................... 112
6.6. Display a pit ready for scheduling.............................................................113
6.7. Interactive Scheduling............................................................................... 115
6.7.1. Schedule Monitor................................................................................ 117
6.8. Target schedule using a time sequence file...............................................120
6.9. Generating Pit Face Positions.....................................................................121
CHAPTER 7. CREATE DUMP DESIGN 124
7.1. Generating the dump surface....................................................................124
7.2. Reporting the Volume................................................................................ 125
7.3. Dump Design Parameters..........................................................................127
7.4. Dump Balance Excel Spreadsheet.............................................................127
CHAPTER 8. CYCLE TIME CALCULATION PROCESS 128
8.1. Plot the Grid.............................................................................................. 128
8.2. Create the road strings.............................................................................. 129
8.3. TALPAC Run................................................................................................ 132

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CHAPTER 1.
GEOLOGICAL DATA PREPARATION
Overview:
Preparing the geological data for use in mine planning.

You will need:


Data from the geology department including:
CUT structural model
Quality model
DEFL Quality data
Borehole database

1.1. Create Merged Model

To create merge model, do the following:


1.1.1. Create and Open a Geometry File

Open the New File Wizard by selecting File New Geometry.GM3

Press Next and then enter a sensible name for the geometry file you wish to create.

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Press Finish to create the geometry file.

1.1.2. Create Merge DD

Use the New File Wizard to create a new DD name for the merged model.

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Press Next and then enter MERGE.GRD (see below).

Press Finish and this will create directory called MERGE.GRD.

1.1.3. Create Parameter File

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Press Next and then enter a sensible name for the parameter file you wish to create.

Then press Finish to create the parameter file.


1.1.4. Create Merged Model

Note: Make sure GM3 file and B31 are already Open ( )

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Make sure they are open ( )

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To create the merged model use the menu Pit Design Create Merged Model

1. Tick the box Use Reference Grid and define the reference grid from the CUT model. This is
normally the topography grid
2. Ensure Merge Up is selected
3. Enter the Topography Grid from the cut model
4. Select and input the Weathering Grid
5. Select Create Seam Thickness Grids and Create Seam Interburden Grids
6. In the Input DD Name enter the CUT Model and in the Output DD Name enter MERGE
Model
7. Press the Select Seams button and select all seams
8. Put a sensible name in the Save Layer Code File name box
9. Click OK to generate the merged model

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1.2. Generate other quality grids

The ROM generation process requires additional quality parameters to be calculated. To generate
the true seam thickness, true interburden thickness and seam floor slope, select SeamModel
Seam Model Operations

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1. Select Use Reference Grid to define the local Origin & Extent Coordinate from the MERGE
Model (Ex : TOPS grid at ABNP_MOD0509_MERGE.GRD)
2. Fill Input DD Name with MERGE Model and Fill Output DD Name with MERGE
Model
3. In the Select Operation listbox choose Arithmetic
4. Select True Seam Thickness
5. Click OK Then wait for the process to complete

Repeat step 4 and 5 but select True Interburden Thickness and click OK Then wait for the
process to complete
Repeat step 4 and 5 but select Seam Floor Slope and click OK Then wait for the process to
complete.

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To calculate true underburden grids, use Seam SQL functions by using the same menu, but
changing the operation
1. Set Select Operation to SQL
If the SQL file does not exist then create a new file as follows:

2. Select Create new SQL File


Enter the SQL file name as CreateUburdGrids.SQL
In the editor enter the following text:

EXTERNAL IBURD,UBURD
UBURD = IBURD
EXIT

3. Click the Save button


4. Then close the form.

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3

5. On the main form click Compile and Fill Table


6. Fill out the table as follows:

Variable Suffix Input Input DDname Ouput Output DDname


IBURD TI+ YES MERGE NO MERGE
UBURD TU NO MERGE YES MERGE

TI+ is most important, if you just enter TI then the SQL will not do the correct calculation.
7. Click OK

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1.3. MODEL CHECK

1.3.1. Coal Quality Checking

The geology section supplies quality grid for all coal qualities (TM, SU,RD,IM,ID,CV,AS). If
some quality grids are missing for several seams, we can create them using default values. The
default value must come from the geology section.

1.3.2. Waste Quality Checking

The geology section supplies quality grids for all roof and floor qualities. There are a total of 10
quality parameters for each interburden (RAS,RCV,RSU,RID,RIM, FAS,FCV,FSU,FID and
FIM). If several parameters are missing, we can create them by ourselves using default values
from the geology section. The SQL file below is an example.

EXTERNAL K25RAS,K25RCV,K25RID,K25RSU,K25RIM
EXTERNAL K25FAS,K25FCV,K25FID,K25FSU,K25FIM
EXTERNAL NGRAS,NGRCV,NGRID,NGRSU,NGRIM
EXTERNAL NGFAS,NGFCV,NGFID,NGFSU,NGFIM
EXTERNAL K18URAS,K18URCV,K18URID,K18URSU,K18URIM
EXTERNAL K18UFAS,K18UFCV,K18UFID,K18UFSU,K18UFIM
K25RAS = 78.80
K25RCV = 750.00
K25RID = 1.90
K25RSU = 0.08
K25RIM = 4.80
K25FAS = 34.20
K25FCV = 750.00
K25FID = 1.47
K25FSU = 0.27
K25FIM = 22.10
NGRAS = 70.60
NGRCV = 750.00
NGRID = 2.10
NGRSU = 0.11
NGRIM = 7.70
NGFAS = 70.60
NGFCV = 750.00
NGFID = 2.10
NGFSU = 0.11
NGFIM = 7.70
K18URAS = 35.50
K18URCV = 750.00
K18URID = 1.48
K18URSU = 0.29
K18URIM = 17.60
K18UFAS = 74.70
K18UFCV = 750.00
K18UFID = 1.75
K18UFSU = 0.65
K18UFIM = 11.50

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To run this SQL, select SeamModel Seam Model Operations (see Section 1.2above for how to
open this menu)

1. Select Use Reference Grid and enter an appropriate grid


2. Input the InputDD Name and Output DD Name as the roof/floor quality grid directory. This
should be an empty directory
3. Change Select Operation to SQL
4. Select the SQL file
5. Press the Compile and fill Table button
6. Fill out the table, ensuring that Input is no and Output is yes
7. Press OK

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1.3.3. Model Check List

PROCEDURE FOR CHECKING RELEASE GEOLOGICAL MODEL

Informastion Data
For example only
No Items Fill in information Data
1 Model name Pinang April 2003
Hsouth-Bendili-AB, Kutu and
2 Pit location coverage Kambing
3 Updated Topography Topo End of August 2003
4 Topography mesh size 25 m x 25 m
5 Updated Mined out limit End of Dec 2006
6 Include Washout limit (Yes/No) Yes
7 Include Burnzone limit (Yes/No) Yes
8 Re correlation (Yes/No) and whare ? Yes , Bendili Pit
9 Include Dump Area (yes/No) Yes
10 Include Borehole database, not dummy holes (Yes/No) Yes
11 Main seams list (> 1.0 m) P4, P2, PNUR, NU, NL,
MD, SU, SN, B2, PR

Steps of Checking New Model

A Preparation Data
1 Copy cut model and quality model to local directory
2 Create BOW merge with current topo in Cut Model
3 Create layer seams (all seams) for modelling
4 Create merge model
5 Create grid arithmatical for IB, UB, TT and Slope (degree)
6 Create posting borehole and contour of seam thickness for each main seams :
a. Tick on "only plot holes with data"
b. Tick on "annotation report to dialog"
c. Tick on class "INP"
c. Save as report and plot file
7 Create posting borehole and contour of seam floor for each main seams :
a. Tick on "only plot holes with data"
b. Tick on "annotation report to dialog"
c. Tick on class "INP"
c. Save as report and plot file
8 Create cross section of seams include the boreholes
9 Create washout plot of base seam
10 Run and report insitu resources for new model and current model :
a. Waste volume
b. Coal tonnage
C. Seams Quality

B Evaluation

1 Evaluate any anomaly of seam thickness and put the notes


2 Evaluate any anomaly of seam floor and put the notes
3 Evaluate different of insitu resources for both geological model :
a. Total of waste volume and coal tonnage
b. Waste volume and coal tonnage of all seams
c. Coal Qualities
4 Evaluate washout limit and seam thickness
5 Evaluate level confidence of boreholes data and put note for additional drilling

C Report
1 Summary report
2 Summary Variance of comparison data
3 Detail variance of comparison data
4 Figure of posting borehole, seam thick and seam floor elevation
5 Conclusion

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CHAPTER 2.
OPTIMISER WORK
Overview:
This is a basic Getting Started Guide on how to run the MINEX Pit optimization software
(MRCOPN); it is not design as an in depth manual.

You will need:


A 2D gridded geological model of the deposit merged to topography
Insitu quality model, including default value grids for seams with no actual quality data
borehole database
You will also need to complete chapter 1

2.1. Get Parameters for the Optimiser Run

Data for Optimizer run are:


(This document outlines work example based on the Bengalon deposit at KPC).

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2.2. OPTIMISER RUN

Worked Example
To explain the methodology used to run MRCOPN at KPC, this document outlines work
example based on the Bengalon deposit at KPC.

2.2.1 Directory Structure


The files used to setup and run the optimizer software on the Bengalon deposit is shown below:

2.2.3 Generating the Product Quality Model


To provide a more realistic estimation of revenue produced from a resultant pit shell, the
optimizer needs to be run on a ROM model rather than an insitu model. The Insitu quality model
is adjusted via an SQL to allow for dilution, losses, and minimum mining thickness, etc. The
Insitu to ROM process is in accordance with Version 4.0.4 (see document KPC ROM Model
Calculation Version 4.0.4.doc). Following the process in CHAPTER 1. will generate all the grids
required for the following procedure.

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The first SQL to be run is CALC_PRODUCT_QUALITY_V352_DBY.SQL. Select SeamModel
Seam Model Operations

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1. Tick Use Reference Grid and select the grid, normally this is topography
2. Select the Input DD Name as the MERGE model
3. Select the Output DD Name as the PRDQUAL model
4. Set the Select Operation to SQL
5. Select the SQL CALC_PROD_QUALITY_V352_DBY.SQL
6. Press the Compile and Fill Table button
7. Fill out the table as shown below
8. Press OK

Check to make sure there are no WARNINGS or ERRORS reported. If warnings exist, some
grids could not be found. These errors will need to be addressed.
The Product Quality Model has now been generated.

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2.2.4 Generating the Cost Model

The next step is to compute the cost model, which is generated using the same SQL
methodology adopted for generating the Product Quality Model. Two SQLs must be run,
however they can be run in any order.
The first SQL generates the sale price variable based on the Product Energy grids and associates
Net Backs for energy ranges. Repeat steps 5 to 8, however use the SQL GRADEPRICE.SQL
and fill out the table as shown below.

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The second SQL generates Mining Cost grids for both coal and waste. Again, following the
same steps as previously used, modifying steps 5 to 8 and selecting the SQL
OPTIMISER_COST.SQL and fill out the table as shown below.

The Cost Model has now been generated.

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2.2.1. Running the Optimizer

The optimiser is able to be run within Minex6, however for KPC it is still best to run it in batch
mode. MRCOPN is run externally from the MINEX Apollo software using a Batch Command
file. The two files used to run the optimizer are:
BengA_1206_2nd.mnx Optimizer Setup file (defines variables, defaults, and file
locations, forcing factors etc)
BengA_1206_2nd.BAT Batch file (calls program and nominates Optimizer
Setup file and Output log file)

Out-put

In-put

To start the Optimizer, double click on the batch file BengA_1206_2nd.BAT,


The optimizer will write any output to the log file nominated in the Batch file, and save the
Optimizer Pit Shell grids to the BengA_DEC06_2nd.log directory (as specified in the MNX
file).
If for some reason the Program Terminates Abnormally, an error will be written to the
log file.
These MNX file is described in more detail in the next section.

2.2.6 Optimizer Setup File


The Optimizer File is shown below:

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2.2.7 Analysis Results
Optimum pit shells are saved as grids in the directory OPT_DEC06.GRD as specified in the
MNX file. These grids can be plotted in MINEX as shown below. The grids can be plotted as
lines, contours, or as solids. To plot a grid either select Grid Display or the shortcut is Ctrl-G.

Select the Solid tickbox


Select the Surface Color tickbox
Click the Setup button
Setup the surface colors
Click OK

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4

Plot the grid as a solid using surface colors, and apply the color as shown above. This will plot
the grid with undisturbed areas in green and disturbed areas in red/brown as shown in the picture
below:

The reserves contained at each forcing factor can be reported using the Detailed
Resources Reports function in Apollo.

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2.3. REPORT ALL OPTIMISER SHELL
REPORT SEAMS DETAILED RESOURCES

REPORT MANGLER UNTUK


OPTIMIZATION

Breakdown Classes based


on CV range Kcal/kg

ENERGY_REPORT.RTPL

Next Step, reporting all forcing factor with macro:


1. Report one of Forcing Factor as a guideline.
2. Report all forcing factor using Reply Macro.

Replay Macro

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REPORT.rpl

3. Combine all report (*.rep) in 1 file.


4. Click on windows button: Start Run CMD, and type D:\CD\Minex_Data\570-
0m02-1246_Data\Bengalon_1206\Report_BDY

5. Select all Rep File by: TYPE *. REP > ALL.REP

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6. Combine all result by type: KPC_ENERGY_REP
input (report file to be converted) : All.rep
output (output report file name) : All.asc

7. And the result is:

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Remark:

A = Forcing factor
B = Waste Volume in (KBCM)
C = Insitu Coal in (KT)
D = Prima Product in (KT)
E = Prima Product x Energy
F = Pinang A Product in (KT)
G = Pinang A Product x Energy
H = Pinang B Product in (KT)
I = Pinang B Product x Energy
J = Melawan A Product in (KT)
K = Melawan A Product x Energy
L = Melawan B Product in (KT)
M = Melawan B Product x Energy
N = Lignite Product in (KT)
O = Lignite Product x Energy

2.4. PICK THE OPTIMUM SHELL

Based upon the NPV analysis, normally, the optimum NPV pit shell will be selected. However,
the non-economic factors are often influencing the selected pit shell. For instance, the non-
economic factors are lack of space dump, geotechnical issue, shareholder context, risk of coal
price etc.

EXAMPLE: S:\DEV\570\570-Coord\OPT_Works\Optimiser_2006\0610 Optimiser


$45\Supporting Files\1st Optimiser Run\ Optimiser_All Pits_USD45_Oct 2006_Run1A_without
regions.xls

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CHAPTER 3.
OPEN PIT DESIGN
Overview:
Generate a pit shell that is the actual pit boundary, then generate another pit which is like a
rubix cube that will contain the reserves. In our example pit 1 will be the actual pit boundary
and pit 2 will contain the reserves.

You will need:


A geometry file to be open
A parameters file to be open
A merged model
A borehole database
To understand where the pit needs to be designed
Understand geotechnical parameters
To consider pit access and water management

3.1. DETERMINE BASAL SEAM OF THE OPTIMUM SHELL

After the Optimum Pit Shell has already been chosen, the basal seam should be determined by:

3.1.1. Calculating Insitu Resources (Recommended)

SeamModel Insitu Resource Reporting

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1. Input the DD Name
2. Set the Default Density to 1.3
3. Set the Min. Thickness to 0.5
4. Click the Create List button
5. Change the Quality DD Name to the quality grid (this DD should hold your RD grids)

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6. Select the Limits tab
7. Enter an Upper Limit Grid
8. Enter a Lower Limit Grid (your optimiser surface)
9. Select Use Limiting Polygon
10. Either Pick or Digitize your limiting polygon
11. Press OK

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Copy the data from the output window to either notepad or wordpad

Below is an example of an insitu resource that has already been opened with notepad.

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3.1.2. Plotting Cross Sections

Set up the geometry file to draw section lines.

Make sure you have a geometry file open and you have plotted some data (for example a grid).
Then select the GM3 Definition button and enter the Map SECTL and Ident S*.

Create a string by selecting String Create

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Then digitise the location of the section lines. Middle click is end of digitize.

Display the area where sections are required and determine the highest and lowest elevations to
be displayed on section
Select Mounts Section Create

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1. Select Digitize
2. Set the digitize mode to the correct mode (in this case we are snapping to our previously
created strings)
3. Input the Z values (elevation limits)
4. Click the Reset Scale button
5. Press OK and save the mount

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6. Select the Runtime tab
7. Then draft on the mount by right clicking on the mount and selecting Draft on Mount

Then to plot a coordinate grid, select Mounts Section Coordinate Grid

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8. Adjust the values to make your plot useful, the click OK

Then to plot the seam and grid cross section, select Mounts Section Sea, Cross-Section

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9. Select a topography grid
10. Select a base of weathering grid

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11. Select the Surfaces tab


12. To plot the optimiser surface, enter the surface type, surface name and adjust the line color
and line type

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13. Select the Seams tab


14. Click Select Seams
15. Click Load Seams

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16. Select the Legend tab
17. Select Plot Seam X Section Legend
18. Select Simple Legend
19. Select Pointers
20. Click OK

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To plot a title block, you will need to open a geometry file that has title block data by right
clicking on the geometry file. In this example we are using the geometry file
KPCOAL_TITLEBLOCKS.GM3.

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Then to plot the title block, select Mounts Plot Title Block

21. Click the Select button and select a title block


22. Enter the variables
23. Click OK
24. Click Cancel

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Your section should look something like this.

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3.1.3. Plotting a plan

Before you create a plan, ensure that you have plotted a grid in 3D and also have a geometry file
open.
To create a plan, select Mounts Plan Create

1. Select Dig to digitize the extents of the plan


2. Adjust the scale if necessary
3. Click Apply to see where to plan will sit in 3D, make adjustments until it is in the correct
location
4. Once everything is acceptable, click OK to save the plan

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5. Select the Runtime tab
6. Then draft on the mount by right clicking on the mount and selecting Draft on Mount

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To plot the coordinate grid, select Mounts Plan Coordinate Grid

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7. Adjust the parameters to make the coordinate plot on your plan. In this example the grid
interval and the grid line plotting method has been adjusted
8. Press OK to plot the coordinate grid

Plot a 2D grid. Select Mounts Plan Line Contour - Grid

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9. Make changes as required (in this example nothing has been changed)
10. Click OK

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To plot the title plot, it is the same procedure as above.


Select Mounts Plot Title Block

11. Click the Select button and select a title block


12. Enter the variables
13. Click OK
14. Click Cancel

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Your plan should look something like this.

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3.1.4. Capturing Graphics including Sections and Plans

Minex now allows you to capture the current graphics screen as many different file types
including CGM, DXF, DWG, HPGL, JPG, PNG.

To capture any graphics, select Graphics Graphics Capture

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Select the file type you wish to save, then click OK

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3.2. Generate the pit shell that is the actual boundary

3.2.1. Create a new Grid Folder

Create a new grid directory (DD) called WORKING.GRD (see section 1.1.2 as an example).

3.2.2. Determine the upper and lower Z value of your pit


design using grid contours.

Ensure that you allow for hills in the topography. Plot the optimiser grid using Grid Display
(shortcut is Ctrl-G)

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2

1. Deselect Lines
2. Select Contours
3. Select Contour Params and choose parameters that allow you to see contours easily. For
example, the parameters below plot 5m contours in green and 10m contours in red:

If you wish to save these parameters, right click in the bottom tab:

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4

4. Click OK
5. Click OK

Query the contours using Ctrl-Q and make sure the digitising mode is set to snap to point or
snap to line:

Values are reported in the output window, pressing the Esc key will exit the query mode.

Repeat this process for topography.

3.2.3. Create the bench grids

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Create bench grids by selecting Pit Design Create Bench Grids

1. Select a reference grid (topo for example)


2. Tick Limit on Top Grid and enter the topography grid
3. Tick Limit on Base Grid and enter the basal seam grid floor (E2SF in this example)
4. Input the base bench elevation, bench height, output DD name, base elevation and the
minimum bench thickness.
5. Change the Minimum Bench Thickness to a reasonable number. To reproduce the benches
generated in Minex 4, it is recommended to use 0.1m.
6. Press Generate List
7. Press OK and the bench grids will be generated.

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3.2.4. Define the Bench List

Copy the topography grid from MERGE.GRD to WORKING.GRD


Define your bench list by Pit Design Bench List

1. Input a filename in Bench list filename


2. Tick Grid and input the topography grid
3. Change the Grid directory (DD Name) to WORKING
4. Adjust the Wall Slope and Wall Berm
5. Press Fill with Grids to fill the table
6. Check it, then press Save
7. Save a parameter of this setup
8. then press OK.

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3.2.5. Digitise the pit boundary toe

Open the pit design menu with Pit Design Pit Design

9. Ensure that the Pit/Dump is the correct number (pit 1 in this example)

1. Select the correct Bench


2. Select Toe, then digitise your pit toe.

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1

There are 3 options for designing the pit, the first is the simplest and easiest.

3.2.6. Automatic Projection without ramp

1. Select Automatic in the projection method


2. Input the From Bench
3. Input the To Bench
4. Press OK.
The pit will be generated automatically.

An example of an automatic pit. Errors get amplified.

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With automatic projection, there may be some requirement to do some editing of string data, this
is because with this projection mode, errors and anomalies will become exaggerated. In the
example above, the East wall contains an exaggerated error.

The parameters tab is available in all projection modes, changing the interpolation distance may
make pit designs smoother, however if the distance is too big then the pit design will not
accurately follow the surfaces.

3.2.7. Manual Projection without ramp

1. Select Manual in the projection method


2. Input the desired bench you wish to project to. In this example we are projecting from toe to
crest (this is displayed on the bottom of this form (below).

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1

The manual option allows more flexibility when projecting or offsetting, including the ability to
change the wall slope, or berm width.

Wall slopes and berms may be altered within masks, for example:

61
By pressing the Select button, the following menu appears. Select a mask and fill in the
appropriate fields. In this example, the slope has been set to 40 degrees within the polygon.

The result is shown below, compared to a design without using masks. Note the difference in the
wall angle within the masked area.

(With mask)

(without mask)

62
3.2.8. Manual Projection with ramp

1. Select the Ramps tab


2. Tick the Build Ramps tickbox

2
3

3. Click the Create/Edit Ramps button and it will show the form below.

63
Enter a name for your ramp, the direction (clockwise or anti-clockwise), width, gradient,
gradient method, berm crossing method and berm taper distance.

3.2.9. Viewing your pit geometry data

To view your pit data click Pit Design Pit Design Display (shortcut Ctrl-E).

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3.2.10. Generate a Pit Basal Surface

To generate a basal surface for your pit, go to the menu Pit Design Compute Pit/Dump
Surface

1. Select the pit number


2. Ensure your bench list is still current by pressing the Bench List button and selecting the
correct bench list
3. Then select the Grid button

1 2 3

4. The menu will change, then select a reference grid


5. Select the bottom bench by filling in the From Topo to bench box
6. Input the Output Grid Name and DDName
7. Click OK to compute the surface and check the output grid

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4

6
6

3.3. Create the pit that will hold your reserves (rubix cube pit)

3.3.1. Define bench list

Define a new bench list by selecting Pit Design Bench List.

This bench list will be based on elevations only and walls will be projected at 90 degrees. It is
important to ensure that the pit crest is higher than the previous design. In our previous example
the upper bench was at RL70, therefore in this example we will make our pit crest RL80.

1. Input the Bench list filename you wish to save


2. Change the pit crest to be an Elevation and input the elevation
3. Input the benches, the pit should have 90 degree walls and no berms for both the pit and
strips
4. Click Save
5. Click OK.

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1

4 5

3.3.2. Digitise the pit boundary

If you need a perfectly rectangular pit boundary follow these steps, otherwise skip to the next
section.

Digitise a rectangular boundary that encloses the previous pit design. The easiest method is to
use structure data to generate the basic layout, then generate a pit design.

Begin by pressing the GM3 Definition button, then enter a sensible name in the Map or Group.
In this case we have entered PIT2 in the Map.

Then create your string by String Create.

67
1. Ensure that the Data type is Structure
2. Ensure the String Type is Disc ie a discontinuity.
3. Click OK.

Begin digitising your base reference line.

68
Click the Select button and select your string.

Right click on the string and select Move Project and Offset

69
In the projection menu:
1. Select which side to project
2. Select the projection distance
3. By hitting Apply you are able to see the impact of changes without modifying any data.
4. Once the new string is acceptable, press OK to generate the new string.

3 4

70
3.3.3. Generate the boundary

Open the pit design menu with Pit Design Pit Design

1. Ensure that the Pit/Dump is the correct number (pit 2 in this example)

71
1

1. Select the correct Bench


2. Select Toe, then digitise your pit toe.

3. Select Automatic in the projection method


4. Input the From Bench
5. Input the To Bench
6. Press OK.
The pit will be generated automatically.

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3

3.3.4. Generate Strips

1. Select Strip in the Design box


2. Select Digitize in the method box
3. Select the bottom bench in the Bench box
4. Click OK and digitise the first strip. Digitise the first strip (left to right when standing on the
lowwall, looking towards the highwall).

1 2

5. Select the option to Offset strips


6. Input the desired To strip
7. Enter the desired Strip Width
8. Press OK
Ensure that the last strip is inside the pit boundary

73
5

7
8

9. Project the strips by selecting Normal Automatic


10. Select Project Up
11. Enter the From Bench and To Bench
12. Click OK.

10

11

12

13. Select First/Last Strips


14. Click First
15. Untick the box to Automatically calculate strip numbers
16. The first strip is always -1
17. Click Digitize and digitise two lines that cut the boundary as shown below. Digitise the lines
from inside to outside.
18. Click OK
Repeat the steps 14 to 18 for the last strip, but click Last and input the strip number so that it is
the last strip. For example if your pit currently has 9 strips, this number should be 10.

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13

14
15
16

17
18

17

17

19. Generate the strip ends by selecting Strip Ends


20. Check the From Bench and To Bench are correct
21. Check the From Strip and To Strip are correct
22. Press OK

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19

20

21

22

3.3.5. Generating Blocks

1. Select Block in the Design box


2. Select Layout Pattern
3. Set the Block Width to 100
4. Adjust the End value so that the offset pattern extends past the end of your strips. It is also
important that the pattern extends past the first and last strips.
5. Press OK

1 2

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6. Generate the blocks by selecting Generate
7. Check the From Bench and To Bench is correct
8. Check the strip range is correct (this should include all your strips)
9. Press OK

7 7

8 8

10. Validate the blocks by selecting Validate.


11. Press OK

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10

11

If the design is correct, a dialog box should inform you that the pit is valid.

Save your geometry file File Save Save Geometry File

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CHAPTER 4.
Reserves
Overview:
Generate a database that will contain the mine reserves data. This includes volumes, tonnes and
qualities. An insitu database will be generated, then mining assumptions will be applied to this
database to generate a ROM database.

You will need:


A geometry file to be open
A borehole database to be open
A valid pit design
A merged model
A quality model

4.1. Generate Insitu Reserves

4.1.1. Create a new mine reserves database

Make a new mine reserves database by clicking File New ReservesDB.dbr


Enter a name for your mine reserves database.
Then click Finish
The database will be opened automatically.

4.1.2. Edit Codes and Layers

ReserveDB Initialize Edit Codes & Layers

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1. Click Select Seams and select the seams you wish to reserve (Ctrl-A selects all seams)
2. Update the codes by clicking Update Codes
3. Enter a name in the Layer File box

3
1 2

4. Before pressing OK, a weathering layer must be inserted into the layer list and the topo
should be checked to ensure it is correct.
5. Click OK

80
4

4.1.3. Add a pit to the database

Add an empty pit to the database by clicking Reserve DB Initialize Add Pit

1. Enter a pit number (in this example we are using pit 2)


2. The description should contain useful information about your pit
3. For the layers file, use the layer file that was just created.
4. Click OK

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1

3
4

4.1.4. Define the quality variables

To define the quality variables, click Reserve DB Initialize Add Quality Variable

The best method of adding quality variables is to load them from an existing parameter file.
Locate the parameter file that contains the most up to date list of variables for the ROM/Product
Model Calculation.

1. To add variables from a parameter file, right click on the Add Quality Variable at the base of
the form and select the parameter.
2. Click OK, if you do not click OK, then your changes will NOT take effect.

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1 2
Right
Click

The completed form should look like this.

83
4.1.5. Generate insitu volumes

Open the form by selecting ReserveDB Build Generate Reserve

1. Ensure the Reserve DB Pit is correct


2. Select a Top Grid and Base Grid if required. In this example we are using PIT1 as our base
grid.
3. Deselect Report Errors Only
4. Press the Auto Range button
5. Press OK

4.1.6. Check the volumes

It is most important to check the volume in the mine reserves database is correct.

84
Report the grid to grid volumes between either the Top Grid and Base Grid or between the top
surface of the top layer and the Base Grid.
Select Grid Volumes

1. Input the Top Grid and Base Grid


2. Click OK
Record the volume as grid volumes

Select Reserve DB Reporting Detailed Report

85
3. Click Select Variables and select VOLW and VOLC
4. Click Select Pit/s and ensure that the correct pit is selected
5. Click OK
Record the volume as database volumes.

Grid volume should be within 2% of (Database VOLW + Database VOLC). If the volumes are
not within this tolerance then something is incorrect and the pit design needs to be redone.

4.1.7. Update Qualities

The quality values need to be updated for each record by selecting ReserveDB Build
Quality Update

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1. Select Pit and select the correct pit. In this example we select pit 2. If there is only one pit
then could have selected all.
2. Uncheck the tickbox All Variables
3. Click Select Variables

3
2

Select the quality variables (RAWRD, RAWASH, RAWCV, RAWMO, RAWSU) then click OK.
Note: You can use the Ctrl key to select multiple, non-adjacent items.

87
4. Uncheck Use Seam Thickness
5. Ensure the structural and quality grids are using the correct DD names.
6. Then press OK

4
6

7. Repeat step 3 for the quality variables (TRUETHCK, SLOPE, IBURD, UBURD).
8. Check that the structural and quality DD name is correct. Normally these qualities will be
stored in the MERGE directory.
9. Recheck Use Seam Thickness
10. Press OK

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7

10

11. Repeat step 3 for the diluent qualities (ROOFAS, ROOFCV, ROOFID, ROOFSU, ROOFIM,
FLOORAS, FLOORCV, FLOORID, FLOORSU, FLOORIM)
12. Ensure the DD names are correct, normally the roof and floor qualities are stored in their
own DD name.
13. Uncheck Use Seam Thickness
14. Press OK

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11

12

13
14

4.2. Build the ROM Reserves

This process is automated in Minex 6 and it uses a tcl script to duplicate the Minex 4 process. To
enable scripts to run in Minex 6, a small modification is required in the shortcut to run Minex.

Right click on the desktop shortcut that runs minex and select Properties
In the Target box, add the following text to the end of the existing text
<space>-macro_gui

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Restart minex and there will be an addition toolbar as follows.

Click the Start Playing a Script button (red arrow) and select the tcl script to run. In this case it
is M6_ROM_404.tcl

Running this script will generate a form, fill out the details accordingly. In this example the
Database Name is InsituReserves and the Minex Parameter File is ROMParameters404.mpf
Press the GO button

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4.3. Run Add % SQL For Geotechnical Purposes

An SQL is run to add an extra 3% or 5% of waste volume to the reserves as an allowance for
geotechnical risk. Western pits are generally given 5% whilst Eastern pits are given 3%.

To run the sql select ReserveDB Edit Reserve SQL

1. Click the SQL File button and select the SQL file
2. Then click OK to run the SQL
3. Click Cancel once the SQL has completed.

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1

2 3

4.4. Reporting Reserves

The simplest method of reporting the reserves is to use ReserveDB Reporting Detailed
Report

This method is described in section 4.1.6, however instead of reporting VOLW, VOLC, report
the following variables: TONW, TONC, RAWRD, RAWASH, RAWCV, RAWMO, RAWSU,
TRUETHCK

The report can be output to the out window or to a csv, text, rep, tdf or sdf file.

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CHAPTER 5. Reserve Statement
Overview:
Generate the coal tonnes and qualities that will form the basis of the resource and reserve
statement.

You will need:


An open ROM mine reserves database
Distance Grids (from geology department)
An open geometry file containing your pit designs
A borehole database
Pit basal surface

5.1. Resources

To report reserves we use the detailed resource reporting Seam Model Detailed Resource
Reporting

On the Seam Defaults tab


Set the Default Density to 1.3
Set the Minimum Thickness to 0.5m
Press Select Seams and select all the seams

94
On the Surface/Weights Grid tab
Set the Thickness to ST and the DD name to MERGE
Set the Density to ID and the DD to QUALITY
Select Set NULLS to zero

95
On the Quality tab
Enter the quality variables as below

96
On the Limits tab
Enter the Top Grid and Lower Limit Grid
Also enter any polygons limits

97
On the Reports tab
Enter the DISTANCE variable as below

98
In the bottom section of the form
Enter the Template name
Enter the Report Name
Enter the Output File Type

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5.2. Reserves

5.2.1. Create Class Grids

Copy the DISTANCE*.GRD directory to your current project directory, Minex 6 will
automatically create a DD name for this new directory.

Copy SQL Files and MNX report file (to each Project):
Create_Reserve Class_GRIDS.SQL
CALC_PRODUCT_QUALITYCLASS1-V401_INSITU_DB.SQL
CALC_PRODUCT_QUALITYCLASS2-V401_INSITU_DB.SQL
REPORT_INSITUSPLIT.BAT
REPORT_INSITUSPLIT.MNX

RUN Create_Reserve_CLass_GRIDS.SQL by selecting SeamModel Seam Model


Operations

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1. Select Use Reference Grid and enter the grid details
2. Change the Selection Operation to SQL
3. Select the SQL file Reserve_Class_GRIDS.SQL
4. Press the Compile and Fill table button
5. Fill out the table as below
6. Press OK

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5.2.2. Add Qualities to the Mine Reserves Database

7. Add the PROV and PROB qualities to the database by selecting Reserve DB Initialize
Add Quality Variable
8. Once the variables have been added, click OK then Cancel

7
8

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5.2.3. Update Qualities

Update the coal qualities first by selecting Reserves DB Build Quality Update

1. Select the pit range


2. Untick All Variables
3. Press the Select Variables button
4. Adjust the Quality DD Name (and Structure DD Name if required)
5. Untick Use Seam Thickness
6. Press OK and wait for the process to complete

2
3

5
6

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7. Change the Update Type to Waste
8. Press OK and wait for the process to complete

Update quality class by selecting ReservesDB Edit Reserves SQL

104
9. Enter the SQL file CALC_PRODUCT_QUALITYCLASS1-V401_DB.SQL
10. Press OK and wait for the process to finish
11. Repeat the process for the SQL file CALC_PRODUCT_QUALITYCLASS2-
V401_DB.SQL
12. Press OK and wait for the process to finish

9 & 11

10 & 12

5.2.4. Report Reserves using batch commands (MSSRPT)

Firstly, edit MNX file: REPORT_INSITUSPLIT.MNX

Change //DD MINDBF DSN=PITJ_V1.DBR with our DBR data.

105
Then, edit BAT file: REPORT_INSITUSPLIT.BAT

Change log file name: PITJ_V1_INSITUSPLIT.LOG with our pit name.

Run the *.BAT file


Click twice on BAT file.

REPORT will be in the LOG File. Convert *.LOG file to excel format
Put the raw data (from *.LOG file) to InsituSplit.XLS file in Insitusplit_Raw_Data sheet, then
refresh data in Pivot_Data sheet.

For insitu reporting, an insitu database must be opened. Once the insitu reporting is completed,
repeat the process for ROM and MARKETABLE reserves but only repeat the process starting
from Section 5.2.2 and instead of using an insitu database use a ROM database. For example,
PITJ_V1_JAN05_FINAL_PROD403.DBR.

To open a difference mine reserves database in Minex 6, right click on the database and select
open

Report ROM and MARKETABLE reserve statement using:

REPORT_RECOVERABLE_ROMSPLIT.MNX
REPORT_RECOVERABLE_ROMSPLIT.BAT
For ROM reserve statement and,

REPORT_MARKETABLE_ROMSPLIT.MNX
REPORT_MARKETABLE_ROMSPLIT.BAT
For MARKETABLE reserve statement.

NOTE :

1. This procedure creating Measured ( Proven) and Indicated (Probable) only. The result are
in Percentage. It means we can assume that amount of material are not included in this
category (class) is Inferred / Imaginary / Other.
2. Please be careful When doing Step no 9 (QUALITY PARAM UPDATE) . Please use the
same computer (same Minex version) when Creating Database and Update
Quality/Param in the database. Because if the Minex version different it makes the result
wrong.

106
CHAPTER 6.
PRODUCTION SCHEDULING
Overview:
Create both equipment based interactive schedules and target schedules in Minex 6

You will need:


An open mine reserves database
A production target
An existing ACAL format schedule
PA, Usage and Shovel Productivity
Shovel Allocation

6.1. Setting up a calendar

6.1.1. Create an ASCII calendar

Edit an existing calendar in Ultra edit for the machines to be used, ECS factor, periods and years.

Calendar file will be saved as ASCII file with *.ACAL.

107
6.1.2. Converting to Minex Binary Format

Once you have an ACAL file, then select ScheduleDB Initialize Convert Calendar.

Enter the calendar file name and it will be converted to a binary format (BCAL) file. It will be
opened automatically.

108
6.1.3. Opening a Binary Calendar File

If you have an existing binary calendar file then simply double clicking on it in the Minex
explorer will open it, or alternatively select ScheduleDB Files Open Schedule Calendar
(BCAL).

6.2. Setting up the equipment file

Converting a Minex 4 equipment file (optional)

If you have a Minex 4 equipment file (EQUIPFIL.DAT) you can convert it to the Minex 6
format using the following menu command ScheduleDB Initialize Convert M4 Equipment.

109
Enter the location of the M4 equipment file and it will be saved as Equipment.csv.

6.2.1. Opening the equipment file

Double click on Equipment.csv in the Minex explorer to open it. Alternatively you can open
the equipment file by selecting ScheduleDB Files Open Equipment File

110
6.2.2. Editing the equipment file

Clicking on the + sign next to Equipment.csv in the Minex explorer expands the file to show
all the available equipment.

Each tab at the bottom holds different information about the equipment and this may be edited
here. Alternatively, the file may be edited in Excel or Notepad. As an example, by clicking on
the Display tab then clicking the Symbol Name, the equipment display symbol can be edited.

111
The other tabs are shown below.

112
New equipment can be added by right clicking on Equipment.csv or by editing in Excel.

Example of SOME OF the fields in the Equipment.csv file

6.3. Create a new schedule

Before creating a new schedule database, you must have a mine reserves database open, a
calendar open and the equipment file open.

Select File New ScheduleDB will allow you to create a new schedule and the schedule
database will automatically be opened.

113
6.4. Make a new schedule

Right click on the schedule database in the Minex explorer to open the following menu.
Select Create New Schedule

1. Choose the schedule number


2. Enter an appropriate schedule description
3. Press OK
The schedule is created and is made current automatically.

114
1

6.5. Schedule Rules

In Minex4 this function was called Ignore functions. It has been rewritten to be far more user
friendly. The defaults on this menu are usually sufficient for most schedules.

115
6.6. Display a pit ready for scheduling

To display the 3D solids of a pit select ScheduleDB Display Schedule 3D Display.

Select Plot Mode of Bench


1. Press the Select Pits button and select the pits you wish to display
2. Click the ellipses ()

3. Select Setup Colors by Bench


4. Use every nth color if you wish this is optional
5. Input the number of benches
6. Define a coal color
7. Press the Setup Color Range button
8. Press OK and you will be prompted to save the settings as a parameter. In this example it is
saved as the parameter Default

116
3
4
5
6
7

9. The parameter will be input


10. Press OK and the pit will be drawn in 3D

117
9

10

6.7. Interactive Scheduling

When a schedule has been made current and the 3D blocks have been plotted, the Scheduling
workspace is selected.

In the Runtime tab of the explorer, the Equipment Control Panel is displayed.

118
By right clicking on an equipment item it can be added to the schedule.

Using Quick Move, you select the block from and block to, the equipment will mine all material
within the bench range of the selected blocks.
Move brings up the detailed move menu which is similar to Minex 4.

119
To advance the schedule, press the schedule button on the schedule toolbar

6.7.1. Schedule Monitor

To setup the schedule monitor, click on the schedule monitor button on the schedule toolbar.

Click OK

120
The schedule monitor will be displayed. This can be docked or the view changed to show a chart
of tonnes / volumes per period.

121
Creating a sequence file

Select ScheduleDB Export Create Sequence File

1. Select the Schedule Number


2. Select the Save as filename
3. Click OK

122
1

This will create a file called Schedule1.DSQ

6.8. Target schedule using a time sequence file

Create a new schedule (right click on the schedule in the Minex explorer) and select Create New
Schedule.

Then right click on the new schedule and select Target Scheduler.

123
1. Input the targets
2. Input the sequence file that was generated from schedule 1
3. Click OK to generate the schedule

Report using MSSRPT or detailed??

6.9. Generating Pit Face Positions

To generate the face positions, select ScheduleDB Export Face Positions

124
1. Select the pit by pressing the Select Pits button
2. Press the Select Time Boundaries button and select the time boundaries
3. Tick the Propagate face position grids
4. Enter a surface in the Upper Limit Grid Name

2 3

5. In the Advanced Settings tab


6. Define the lower grid limit, in this case we have used PIT1
7. Click OK

125
5

126
CHAPTER 7.
CREATE DUMP DESIGN
Overview:
Procedure for generating dump designs using Maximum spoil

You will need:


Face position grids
Volumes of material to be dumped
Areas that are allocated as waste dumps

7.1. Generating the dump surface

Generate the dump surface by using the menu EarthWorks Max Spoil

1. Enter the grid name you will use as a base in the Spoil Surface section
2. Change the slope to your desired value using the Constant Slope field
3. Select a Maximum RL
4. Click Apply

127
1

3
4 5

The volume to be dumped will be displayed in the Output Window

5. If this volume is acceptable, hit OK and save the new grid

7.2. Reporting the Volume

To report volumes, use the function Grid Volumes

128
1. If you wish to report by bench, select the Bench-Elevation tab
2. Enter a Final Grid and Original Grid
3. Press the Setup Bench-Elevation button
4. Once the Bench Elevations have been setup, press OK
5. Press OK

3
5

129
4

The results will be displayed in the Output Window.

7.3. Dump Design Parameters

Dump design parameters are stored on : S:\DEV\570\570-


Coord\PROCEDURES\Pit&DumpParameters\Dump & Pit parameter.xls

7.4. Dump Balance Excel Spreadsheet

An example of a Dump balance spreadsheet : S:\DEV\570\570-


Coord\PROCEDURES\Pit&DumpParameters\Dump Balance.xls

130
CHAPTER 8.
CYCLE TIME CALCULATION PROCESS
Overview:
Generate road strings in Minex and then import to Talpac in order to calculate haul times.

You will need:


An open geometry file
Grids that contain face and dump positions

8.1. Plot the Grid

Select a grid in the Minex explorer and double click it to make it the current grid.
Press Ctrl-G to plot the grid

1. Deselect Lines
2. Select Contours
3. Press the Contour Params button

3
2

4. Adjust the contour parameters to your liking


5. Press OK

131
6. Press OK on the Grid Display menu

4
5

8.2. Create the road strings

Create structure strings that represent the different haulage segments. When digitizing these
strings be sure to consider the Z value and the slope.

To digitize a string, first setup the GM3 definition. In this example, the road is in the ROAD
map, and P1 ident.

Digitise the road.

132
Inpit Dump Segment Expit Dump Segment

Then right click on the string and select Export Talpac Format

133
The string will be exported directly to Talpac format. You can export multiple times to the same
file, each export is appended to the end of the file.

An example is shown below.

134
8.3. TALPAC Run

Open TALPAC 8 program.


File Open or Create a Project

135
The small window will come out

Click OK
Then,

136
Click OK
After that,

Click Open
This message will come out,

Click Yes
Add title in here when necessary.

Click OK

137
Access to User.mdb (this file contains parameters such as equipment, material, etc., every
changes in the parameters will be saved in this file).
File Project Properties

138
This information will pop up;

Click Select a User Database

Browse official User.mdb file

This User.mdb will automatically patch to the program every time TALPAC is opened.

Click OK

Click Close

Set TALPAC Parameter that is used;

139
140
Material = Waste in Coal Mine / Coal / etc.
Roster = [PRJ] 7 day week 8 Hour Shifts
Click at

This window will come out;

Click , if the bucket capacity needs to be adjusted


Click on Select Database Loading Unit

141
This message will come out:

Select the equipment that wants to be used


If the equipment needs to be edited, copied or added click Edit saved in User.mdb
Click OK

142
Click at

This window will come out;

Click , if the bucket capacity needs to be adjusted


Click on Select Database Loading Unit

143
This message will come out:

Select the equipment that wants to be used


If the equipment needs to be edited, copied or added click Edit saved in User.mdb
Click OK

Import the talpac haul profiles

144
The Haul Cycle Path can be found inside the Haul Route menu.

145
Click Edit to check

146
This window will come out;

Click OK, after finish checking

147
Choose the path that is needed to be calculated.

Click Calculate to run the simulation

148
There are two ways to see the result:
1. Window which automatically come out after the calculation is run

There are four results with different issue. Regarding with cycle time calculation, we use the
Haul Cycle part.

149
Block the result
Click Copy

150
Paste (Ctrl + V) it into Excel, sum the Segment time for full and empty load.

151
These are the result. From the result table

After calculate both paths, to see the result, click on Result Table
The result table will be like this;

152
Remove all unnecessary items and add item that is needed;

Highlight an item that requires to be added, and then click Add ->
Highlight an item that wants to be removed, and then click <-Remove
Click OK

153
The result will be like this;

Add Load Spot time, Load Time, Dump Spot Time, Dump Time from the parameter that has
been determined;

154
The final result will be like this;

CT = full travel time + empty travel time + spot L/P + load + spot D/P + dump
W.A TOTAL (weighted average total) = ((CT1*quantity hauled 1) + (CT2*quantity hauled 2)) /
(quantity hauled 1 + quantity hauled 2)
Quantity Hauled comes from the dump balance.

155