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Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Subject:-Power Electronics

UNITI

1) Define latching & holding current as applicable to an SCR. Show these currents

on its VI characteristics.

2) Draw symbols and characteristics of following power semiconductor devices.

i)TRIAC ii) n-channel power MOSFET iii) GTO

3) Explain construction and operation of UJT.

4) Explain dv/dt rating .

5) Explain di/dt rating of a thyristor.

6) Compare performance and operation of power MOSFET and power transistor.

Also suggest two applications of power MOSFET.

7) Draw symbols and characteristics of following power semiconductor devices.

i) IGBT ii) SCS iii) RCT

8) Draw the dynamic characteristics of a thyristor during its turn-on and turn-off

processes. Show the variation of voltages and current through it during these two

dynamic processes. Indicate clearly the various intervals into which turn-on and

turn-off times can be subdivided. Discuss briefly the nature of these curves.

9) Explain the operation of TRIAC in various modes.

10) Explain the switching characteristics of GTO. Indicate clearly the various

intervals into which turn-on and turn-off times can be subdivided. Discuss briefly

the nature of these curves.

11) Draw complete protection scheme for a SCR and explain the use of each and

every component.

12) Write a note on application of TRIAC as AC phase controller.

13) Draw the thermal model of an SCR and explain why heat sink is required.

14) What are power MOSFETs? Mention some important features of power

MOSFETs.

15) Draw the transfer characteristics of an n-channel depletion type MOSFET.

16) Explain the principle and operation of SCR in detail.

17) Explain two transistor analogy of SCR.

18) Write short notes on Field controlled thyristor.

19) Write short note on Asymmetrical SCR.

20) Explain the operation of LASCR.

21) Explain forward voltage triggering of SCR.

22) Explain gate characteristics of SCR.

23) Explain how thyristors are categorized according to their constructions.

UNIT-II

2) For the auxiliary commutation circuit, the supply voltage V=200 volt, L=10H

and C=50 F. Calculate the minimum on time of main SCR and the Peak value of

capacitor current.

3) Explain class B type commutation technique of thyristors

4) Draw a neat circuit diagram of class D Auxiliary commutation. Explain the

working in brief. Also draw all relevant waveforms. Comment on the design

aspect of commutating components.

5) Explain external pulse commutation technique

6) Explain the line commutation technique.

7) Explain with the help of neat circuit diagram and required waveforms the working

of Integral cycle control.

8) What do you mean by commutation of SCR? What are different methods of

forced commutation?

9) Explain complementary commutation with circuit diagram and waveforms in

detail.

10) Draw and explain the circuit for Extinction Angle Control, with various

waveforms.

11) Explain UJT as relaxation oscillator to generate the triggering pulses for SCR.

12) Take a circuit for resonant pulse commutation. Consider in this circuit C=20 F,

L=5 H Initial voltage across capacitor is Vs=230 V. For a constant load current

of 300 A, calculate a) conduction time for auxilliary thyristor b) voltage across

main thyristor when it gets commutated and c) circuit turn off time for main

thyristor.

13) A class B commutation circuit is connected to d.c. supply of 100 V. the load

current to be commutated is 10A and turn off time of SCR used is 40 sec.

Design suitable values of commutating components.

14) A class B commutation circuit is connected to 100 V DC supply. The load

resistance is 20 ohm and turn offtime of SCR used is 50 sec. A) Design

suitable values of commutating components. B) Calculate how long wiil the SCR

conduct after applying a gate pulse.

15) In a class C commutation circuit Vs=200V, R1=10 ohm, R2=100 ohm. Determine

a) peak value of current through thyristors T1 and T2. b) value of capacitor C if

each thyristor has turn off time of 40 sec. Take a factor of safety 2.

16) Explain in brief how the following techniques can be employed to improve power

factor in case of single phase bridge converters. I) symmetrical angle control ii)

extinction angle control

17) With a neat circuit diagram, explain the RC triggering method used for SCR. The

SCR feeds a resistive load from a single phase ac mains. Draw the waveforms of

applied voltage, load current and the capacitor voltage. Take a firing angle of

=135 in the above case.

18) Write short note on symmetrical angle control.

19) What is forced commutation? What are the advantages of forced commutation for

ac-dc converters.

20) Discuss various methods of forced commutation in brief.

21) Give broad classification of commutation techniques and explain any one of them.

UNIT-III

1) Explain the operation of single phase half wave uncontrolled rectifier with

resistive load. Derive the expression for average dc voltage. Draw the

waveforms for input voltage, load voltage and load current

2) A single phase full bridge diode rectifier is supplied from 230 V, 50 Hz

source.The load consists of 10 ohm and a large inductance so as to render the

load current constant. Determine i) average values of output voltage and output

current & ii) rms value of output voltage.

3) A Single phase uncontrolled diode bridge rectifier feeds a resistive inductive load.

Derive the expression for average output voltage. Also draw all the relevant

waveforms.

4) A single phase full bridge diode rectifier is supplied from 230 V, single phase ac

supply. Resistive load of 60 ohm is connected across output of the rectifier.

Calculate DC power consumed by the load.

5) Draw and explain three phase full wave uncontrolled bridge rectifier with input

and output waveforms. Also derive the expression for average output voltage.

6) Explain the working of 6 pulse uncontrolled rectifier. Draw the waveforms of

output voltage, voltage across the diode and show the conduction period of all

diodes.

7) For three phase full wave rectifier, Vm=480 volts, find the average value of

output voltage.

8) A single phase half wave rectifier is connected to an ac supply of 240 volts, 50

Hz.determine the current waveform, the average load voltage and average load

current for a load of I) pure resistance of 10 ohm ii) an inductance of 0.1 H in

series with a 10 ohm resistance.

9) A single phase diode bridge rectifier is operated from mains 230 V. Find out the

following.

a. Average and RMS output voltage.,

b. Average and RMS output power

c. Ripple factor and form factor of the output voltage.

d. If RL=10 ohm and the load is large inductance in series with RL.

10) A single phase diode wave rectifier is feeding power to a pure resistor such that

Idc=50 amp at output voltage of Vdc=300V.Assuming normal power efficiency,

find I)form factor ii) ripple factor iii) the efficiency of the rectifier.

11) A three phase uncontrolled bridge rectifier operates with resistive load. Draw the

waveforms of i) input phase voltage. ii) line voltage, iii) output voltage. Derive

for average output voltage.

12) Explain the operation of three phase bridge six pulse (B-6) diode rectifier

supplying highly inductive load with suitable waveforms. Draw input and output

voltage waveforms.

13) The single phase bridge rectifier is supplied from 120 V, 60 Hz source. The load

resistance is R=500 ohm. Calculate value of series inductor L that will limit the

rms ripple current Iac to less than 5% of Idc.

14) What are the advantages of a three phase rectifier over single phase rectifier?

Derive expression for output voltage in case of their phase bridge rectifier.

15) Explain single phase half wave rectifier with free wheeling diode.

16) Explain single phase full wave midpoint diode rectifier.

17) The single phase full converter is operated with symmetrical angle control. The

load current with an average value of Id is continuous, where the ripple current is

negligible. i) Express the input current of converter in fourier series.

UNIT-IV

1) Draw and explain the circuit of single phase full wave fully controlled bridge

rectifier with heavily inductive load with neat waveforms. Also derive the

expression for Vdc.

2) Explain the circuit for three phase half controlled bridge rectifier(with inductive

load) with i/p and o/p voltage waveforms.

3) What is the purpose of connecting free wheeling diode in controlled rectifiers

when the loads are Inductive?

4) Explain the effect of source inductance on the operation of single phase full

converter and derive the expressions for the average load voltage in terms of

and .

5) A single phase fully controlled thyristor bridge converter supplies an inductive

load. Assuming that the output current is virtually constant equal to I0, determine

the following if supply voltage is = 220 V and =60. i) average output voltage ii)

Supply rms current iii)supply power factor

6) With the help of equivalent circuit of dual converter, prove that 1 + 2=180

7) Explain the need of freewheeling diode in converters.

8) Write a short note on dual converters.

9) A full converter is operated from 230V/50 Hz mains and is delivering power to a

resistance RL= 10 ohm in series with a large smoothening inductor. Find out for

=135,i)Vo(av) ii)Vo(rms)

10) For a 3 phase semiconverter operating from a 3 phase ideal supply and delivering

power to a purely resistive load, derive an equation for average output voltage if

the triggering angle is .

11) A three phase full converter is supplying power to a purely resistive load of

RL=100 ohm. The supply is 415 V/50 Hz. Find out the average load voltage and

power dissipation for =45.

12) Explain how the power on the load side can be controlled by using phase angle

control in half wave rectifier with SCR. At which firing angle we get the

maximum power.

13) Show that performance of a single phase full converter influenced by source

inductance is given by Cos(+ ) = cos - (WLS/Em).Io

14) For a 3 phase full converter, sketch the time variations of input voltage and the

voltage across one SCR for one complete cycle for a firing angle delay of 30 .

15) A single phase fully controlled bridge converter supplies resistive load. By

assuming the constant output current Io, find the following performance factor if

the supply voltage is 230 V and if firing angle is /6 and R=5 ohm.

i) Average output voltage

ii) supply RMS current

iii) input power factor

iv) voltage ripple factor

16) Draw and explain the working of single phase fully controlled bridge converter.

Draw the output waveforms for load voltage, load current, voltage across any one

SCR for

a. highly inductive load

b. purely resistive load. Take a firing angle of =60.

c. Also explain the effect of free wheeling diode on the performance of

single phase converter.

d. For highly inductive load without FWD, explain the inverting mode

operation for a firing angle of =135.

17) Discuss the effect of source inductance on bridge converter.

UNIT-V

1) Single phase half bridge inverter has a resistive load of R=3 ohms and the dc

input voltage Edc=50 v. Calculate i)The RMS output voltage at the fundamental

frequency E1 ii)the output power Po iii)the average and peak current of each

thyristor and iv)the peak reverse blocking voltage of each thyristor.

2) Single phase full bridge inverter has a resistive load of R=3 ohms and the dc input

voltage Edc=50 v. Compute i) The RMS output voltage at the fundamental

frequency E1 ii)the output power Po iii)the average and peak current of each

thyristor and iv)the peak reverse blocking voltage of each thyristor.

3) A single-phase bridge inverter delivers power connected RLC load with R=3

ohms and WL=12 ohms. The periodic time T=0.2 ms. What value of C should the

load have in order to obtain load commutation for the SCRs. The thyristor turn

off time is 12 micro sec. Assume the circuit turn off time as 1.5tq. Also that the

load current contains only fundamental components.

4) For the McMurray single phase inverter circuit, obtain the value of commutating

components L and C for the following parameter values: i)max. load current=80 A

ii) tq of SCRs=40 micro sec. iii)Edc(min)=200 v.

5) The single phase Mcmurray full bridge inverter is fed by a dc source of 300v. The

dc source voltage may fluctuate by 15%. The current during commutation may

vary from 20 to 100 A. Obtain the value of commutating components if the

thyristor turn off time is 20 micro sec. Also compute the value of R.

6) Draw and explain the simple SCR series inverter ckt. Employing Class A type

commutation. Draw and discuss the important waveforms. State the limitations of

the same.

7) Draw a Modified series inverter circuit. Explain quantitatively how you can have

output freq. higher than series resonance freq.

8) Give detailed design aspects of series inverter.

9) Draw and explain the operation of three-phase series inverter circuit.

10) Explain the operation of self commutated inverter circuit with the help of ckt.

Diagram.

11) Explain the operation of a single-phase parallel-commutated inverter without

freewheeling diode, with the help of voltage and current waveforms.

12) Give the detailed circuit analysis of single-phase parallel-commutated inverter.

13) Explain the operation of single-phase bridge inverter with the help of load,

voltage and load current waveforms.

14) Draw the circuit of McMurray inverter and explain its operation by drawing

voltage and current waveforms.

15) Draw and explain the operation of three-phase bridge inverter with input circuit

commutation.

16) What is the need for controlling the output voltage at the output terminal of an

inverter?

17) Discuss briefly and compare the various methods employed for the control of

output voltage of an inverter.

18) What is PWM? List the various PWM techniques. How do these differ from each

other?

19) Give the performance comparison of PWM, AVI and CSI.

20) Give the circuit analysis of CSI with resistive load.

21) Explain in brief the voltage control of three phase inverters.

22) State the need for reduction of harmonics in inverter.

23) Outline the various methods for reduction of harmonics or the improvement in

wave shape in short.

UNIT-VI

1) Draw the schematic of step down chopper and derive an expression for output

voltage in terms of duty cycle for the same.

2) With the circuit diagram and output voltage waveforms, explain the working of

Jones chopper.

3) Explain the time ratio control and current limit control, and control strategies used

for chopper.

4) With the help of circuit diagram, explain the working of step up/down chopper.

5) With the help of circuit diagram explain two-quadrant chopper.

6) Explain the continuous and non-continuous conduction mode of type A chopper.

7) With the help of circuit diagram and associated waveforms, explain the principle

of working of type C chopper.

8) With the help of circuit diagram and associated waveforms, explain the principle

of working of type D chopper.

9) Give the classification of chopper commutation.

10) Draw the schematic of type E chopper and explain the working of the same.

11) Describe the voltage-commutated chopper with associated waveforms.

12) Describe the current commutated chopper with associated waveforms.

13) Mention the advantages of Jones chopper over others and give the applications of

this chopper.

14) Explain in brief how average voltage across the load is made more than d.c.

supply voltage using chopper. Derive expression for the average voltage.

15) Discuss the working of load-commutated chopper with associated voltage and

current waveforms. Also derive an expression for which the value of commutating

capacitor of the chopper can be calculated.

16) Enumerate the merits and demerits of load-commutated chopper.

17) Describe the Morgans chopper with waveforms.

18) What is Multiphase chopper? List the merits and demerits of Multiphase chopper.

19) A dc chopper circuit connected to a 100v dc source supplies an inductive load

having 40 mH with a resistance of 5 ohms. A freewheeling diode is placed across

the load. The load current varies between the limits of 10 A and 12 A. Determine

the time ratio of the chopper.

20) A chopper circuit is operating on TRC principle at a freq. of 2 KHz on a 220v dc

supply. If the load voltage is 170 V, compute the conduction and blocking period

of thyristor in each cycle.

21) A step up chopper is used to deliver load voltage of 500 V from a 220 V dc

source. If the blocking period of the thyristor is 80 micro sec., compute the

required pulse width.

22) Write short notes on SMPS.

23) Write short notes on UPS.

24) Explain in brief working of push pull SMPS.

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