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Manual for

Determining the
Remaining Strength of
Corroded Pipelines
Supplemenl lo ASME 831 Code for
Pressure Piping

AN AMERI CA N NATlONA L S TAN DAR D

Copyright 2012 by thc American Society ofMcchanical Engineers. @


No reproduction may be mad e ofthis mater ial without written cons ent 01' AS ME. ~
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Manual for il ~

Determining the n So!

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Remaining Strength of U m-

Corroded Pipelines ji ~
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Supplemenl lo ASME 831 Code for


Pressure Piping

AN AMERICAN NATlONAL STANDARD

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The American Society of
Mechanical Engineers Three ParkAvenue NewYork, NY 10016 USA

Copyri ght 2012 by thc American Socicty ofMechanical Enginccrs. ~


No reproduclion muy be made 01'[his material without writtcn conscnt 01'ASME. ~
Date of rssuance Octo ber 24, 2012

The next edition of this Manual is scheduled for publication in 2015.


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The American 50ciety of Mechan ical Engineers


Three Park Avenue, New York, NY 100 16-5990

Copyrigh t 2012 by
THE AMERICAN 50 ClElY or
MECHANICAl ENGINEER5
AIl rig hts reserved
Printed in U.S.A.

Co pyr ight 20 [2 by the Amer ica n Society uf Mech anica l Eng i nccrs. ~
No rc prod ucti o n muy be made ofthis m ateri al w ithout wriucn conscnt o CAS ME . ~
CONTENT5

Foreword . iv
Committee Roster _. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Ccrrespo ndence With the B31 Co mmi ttee '" _. . . vi
Surn mary of Ch anges . vii
1 Introduct ion .

2 Evaluation Methods . 6
3 Tables of AUowable Length of Corrosion . . _. . 8

Figures
1.12-\ Co rros ion Pit Interaction Dstances . 5
1.13- \ Helicall y O rien ted Corrosin Pa ttern . 5
2.\ - \ Corrosion Pa rarnet ers Used in Analysis . 7

Tab les
3-1 Vales of L for Pipe Sizes ;;:: N PS 2 and < NPS 6 . 9
3- 1M Vales of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: 60 mm a nd < 168 mm O.D . 9
3-2 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: NPS 6 a nd < NPS 10 . . . . 10
3-2M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: 168 mm and < 273 mm O .D ,", . ,. , 11
3-3 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;;:: N PS 10 and < N PS 16 . 12
3-3 M Values of L for Pip e Sizes ;;:: 273 mm an d < 406 mm 0 .0. . . . . . . 13
3-4 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;;:: NPS 16 and < NPS 20 . 14
3-4M Val u cs of L for Pipe Sizes ;;:: 406 mm a nd < 50S mm 0 .0 . 15
3-5 Va les of L for Pip e Sizes ;::: N PS 20 and < N PS 24 . 16
3-5M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: 50S mm and < 610 mm O.D ,., . 17
3-6 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;;:: Nl'S 24 and < N PS 30 . \8
3-6M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: 610 mm and < 762 mm 0.0 . \9
3-7 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;;:: NPS 30 and < NPS 36 .. . , .. , . , .. , , 20
3-7M Valu es of L for Pip e Sizes ;::: 762 mm and < 914 mm 0 .0 " .. 21
3-8 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: N PS 36 and < N PS 42 . 22
3-8M Vales of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: 914 mm and < 1 066 mm 0.0 . 23
3-9 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;;:: Nrs 42 and < N PS 48 " .. " ". 24
3-9M Vales of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: 1 066 mm and < 1 219 mm 0.0 . 27
3-10 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: NPS 48 and < NPS 52 . 30
3-lOM Vales of L Ior Pipe 5izes ;::: 1 219 mm and < 1 320 mm O.D . 33
3-11 Va lues of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: N PS 52 and < PS 56 . 36
3-11 M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: 1 320 mm and < 1 422 mm 0.0. . , ,, . 39
3-12 Values of L for Pipe 5izes ;::: N PS 56 Through NPS 60 , .. .2
3-12M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: 1 422 mm Through 1 524 mm 0.0 . '5

ii

Copyri ght 20 12 by the America n Society of Mcchanica l Engineers. &


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FOREWORD

It has bce n recognized w ithi n the pipeline indus try that sorne scct ions of high-pressu re pipelines,
par tlcularly those with lon g serv lce histories, may experience corrosion. It has abo been recog-
nized , th rou gh the or etical an al ysis, scientific research and testing, and ind us tr y opera ting experi-
en ce, tha t some amou nt of metal 10 55 due to corrosi n ca n be tolerated w itho ut impairing the
ablty of the pipeline to operate safely. In 1984, A5ME published the first edition of the B31G
Manu al for Determi ning the Rernaining Stren gth of Corrodcd Pipelines. The B31G docu ment
provided pipeline o perators with a simplified eva lua tion method based on the resul ts of analysis
and tests. The application of B31G ha s enabled p ipeline ope ra tors to reliab ly determine safe
opera ting pressure Ievels for pipe affected by corrosi n, and to determine whethe r rep a rs a re
necessary in order to continue operating safely
B31G contin ued to be reiss ued by A5ME w ith o nly minor revi sion s o ver time, a ltho ug h o the r
corrosin eva luation methods had evol ved since B31C 's initi a l publication. A majority of th es e
other methods are based on the sa me theo retical mod el from which the origina l B31G method
was d eri ved, but may offer so rne rcfinement in accu racy. Subseq uently, an effort was un derta ken
to u pd at e the B31G d ocument to recognze certa in ot her corrosion evaluation methods tha t have
p reven so und and that ha ve se en successful use in the p ipeline industry. lncorpora tio n of th ese
o the r metho ds int o a recogni zed Code d ocument provdes the pip elin e o perato r or ot he r user
with a formalized framework within w hich to use such methodo logies, as well as a wider ra nge
of codified technical opt ion s w ith which to make an eva luat ion. Th e 2009 revi slon of B31G
reflec ted those objectives.
The 2012 ed ition of B31G wa s approved by the American National Standard s Insti tu te (ANS I)
on September 20, 2012.

iv
Copyr ight 2012 by the Americ an Socicty 01'Mcchanical Engincers. ~
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A5ME 831 COMMITTEE
Code for Pressure Piping
(The fo llowing is th e rast er of th e Commttee at tb e t ime of appro val of thts Sta ndard.)

STANDARDS COMMITIEE OFFICERS


M. L Nayyar. Choir
J. E. MeYER. Vice (hair
N. lobo, Secretary

STANDARDS COMMITIEE PERSON NEL


R. J. T. Appteby, Exxon Mobil Devetopment Co. N. lobo, The Am eric an Soclerv of Mechanic al Engineers
C. aech t IV, Becht Engineerin g Co. W. ). Mauro, American zectrtc Pow er
A. E. Beyer, Fluor Enterp rtses. Ine. J. E. Meyer, louis Perry & Assocta tes, Ine.
K. C. Bod enh amer. Ent erprise Products Co. M. lo Nayy ar, Consultant
C. ,. Campb el l, Air Liquide R. G. Payne, Alst om Pow er. In e.
G. R. Petru , EPCO Ine.
). S. Chino TransCanada Pipeline U.S.
E. H. Rinaca , Dominion Rescu rces, Ine.
D. D. Christian. Victau lic
M. J. aosentetd , Kiefn er/ App lu s - RTD
D. lo Ccym , Int ertek Mood y
R. ). Si lvia, Proeess Enginee rs and Const ructors, In e.
C. J. Melo, Alternate, S & 8 Enginee rs and Ccnstructors. Ltd.
W. J. Sperko, Sperko Engin eering Servic es. tnc.
R. P. e ubter, Frone k Power Svstem s, lLC
F. W. Tatar, FM Globa l
P. D. Henn er, Flenne r Engineeri ng Services
K. A. ViLminot, Black & v eatch
J. W. Frey, St ress Engineerl ng Service, loe. A. Soni , Delegate , Engineers India Ud.
D. R. Frikken , Becht Enginee ring Co. lo E. Hayden l r-, ExO{ficio, Cons ul tant
R. A. a rlcb uk, Fluor Enterp rises, Inc. W. ). Koves, Ex-O{ficio. Pi Engin eering Software, Ine.
R. W. Haupt, Pressur e Pip i ng Engineerin g Assoc tat es, Ine. A. P. Rang us, ExOffi cio, Bech tel
8. P. Holbroo k, Babcoc k Power, Ine. J. T. Schm itz, Ex-O{ficio, Southwest Gas Corp.
G. A. Jolly, Vogt Valves/Flowserv e Corp. R. A. Appleton , Contributing Mem ber, Retngeraton Systems CO.

B31 MECHANICAL DESIGN TECHNICAL COMMITIEE


W. J. Koves , Chair, Pi Engin eering Soft ware, Ine. R. A. l eishear, Savann ah River Nationat l aboratory
G. A. Antaki, Vice Chair. Becht Enginee ring CO. G. O. May ers, Alion Sclence & Teehnology
C. E. O'Sri en, Secretary . The American Socetv of Mechanical T. Q. Me(awl ey, TQM Engi neerin g, Pe
Engi neers R. I. Medvi ck, Ccnsuttant
C. Becht IV, Becht Engineering Co. J. C. Minichie Uo, Bechtel Natlcnal . tnc.
A. W. Paulin, Paulin Research Group
). P. Breen , Bech t Engi ne ering Co.
R. A. RabIeta, KBR
N. f. Consumo Sr., GE Energy (IGCC) NPI
M. J. Rasenfetd, Kiefne r/A pplus - RTD
). P. EUenberg er T. Sato , j apan Pcwer Engin eerin g and Insp ect ion Corp.
D. l. retener, BP Explo rat ion Ala ska , tnc. G. stevtck, Berke le v Engin eerin g & Researcb. lne.
J. A.Grazian o, Consultant H. Kosasay ama, Delegate, JGC Coro.
R. W. Haup t , Pressure Ptptng Engineering Assoctates, lnc. P. Cakir-Kavcar, Contributing Member, Bechtel Coro.
8. P. Holbrook, Babeock Power, Ine. E. C. Rodaba ugh, Honorary Member, Consutta nt

v
Copyright 20 12 by thc American Sccicty of Mcchanical Engineers. r%J:.
No rep roduction muy be made of rhs material without written conse nt of ASME . '&1
CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE 831 COMM ITTEE

Gene ral. A5ME Standards afe developed an d maintained with the inten t lo represe nt the
consensus of concem ed interes ts. As such, users of this Standard may in terac t with the Cornmittee
by reqw..-s ng interpre tat ion s, pro posing revisions, an d at tendng Commit tee meetings. Corre-
spo nde nce sho uld be add ressed to:
Secretary, B31 Sta ndard s Commi ttee
The Am erican Socicty of Mechanica l Eng ineers
Three Park Avenue
New York, NY 10016-5990

Proposing Revisions. Revis ions are made period ically to the Standard to incorpora te changes
that appear necessary oc desirable, as demonstrated by the experience gained from the application
o f the Standa rd. Ap p roved revisions w ill be published periodica lly.
The Ccmmittee welcc mes pro posals fo r revision s lo this Stand ard. Such proposals should be
as spec ific as possible, citing the pa ragra ph number (s), the pro posed wo rd ing, and a d etailed
des crip tion o f the reasons for the proposal, includ ing any pertine nt do curnentation.
Proposing a Case. Cases may be issued for th e purpose of providing a ltern ative rules wh en
justified . to permit early imp lementa tion of an approved revision when the need s urgen t, or to
provid e ru les not covered by existing pr ov isions. Case s are effect ive im medi at ely up on ASME
approva l and shall be posted o n the ASME Committee Web page.
Requ ests for Cases sha ll provide a 5tateme nt of Need and Background ln formation . The req ues t
sho uld dentify th e sta ndard, the pa ragraph, fig ure or teble numbe rts), and be w ritte n as a
Question a nd Reply in the sa me format as existi ng Cases. Requests for Cases should also ind ica te
the app licable ed ition(s) of the standard to which the proposed Case applies.
Interpretations. Upon req uest, the B31 Standards Co mmittee wiII ren der an interpre taton of
an y requirernen t of the Sta ndard . In terpreta tions can o nly be rend ered in res ponse to a w ritten
request sent to the Seeretary of the B31 Standa rds Com mittce.
The req uest for an interpretation sho uld be clear and una mbigu ou s. It is furthe r recom mend ed
that th e inq uir er submit his Zhcr req uest in the follow ing format:

Subje ct: Ci te the ap plicabl e pa ragraph number(s) an d the topc of the inquiry.
Edition : Cite the applicable edition of th e Sta ndard for w hich the interpreta tion is
being req uested.
Qu esti on : Phrase the q ues tion as a req ues t for an interpreta tion of a specfic req uirement
suitable for general understanding and use , no t as a request for an approval
of a prop rietary design o r situation. The inquirer may also include any plans
or d raw ings th at are nt.'Ct.'5sary to explain the q ues tion: however, thc y shou ld
not contain p roprietary ne mes or informa tion.

Req uests tha t are no t in this for m at may be rew ritten in the appropriate fo rmat by the Commi ttee
pr io r to be ing an sw ered . which may inadvertently change the inte nt of the original req uest .
A5ME p roced ures provide for rcconsid eration of any inter pretation wh en or if ad d itiona l
informa tion tha t might a ffect an inte rpretati on is avai lable. Purther, pe rso ns aggrieved by an
interpreta tion may appea l to the cognizant ASME Co m m ittee or Subcom mittee. ASME dot.>s no t
"a pprove," "certify:' "ra te," o r "endorse" any item, cons true tion, proprieta ry de vice, a r activi ty.
Attending Cornmittee Meetings. The B31 Stand ards Committee regulady ho lds mee ti ng~ , which
a re o~n to the pu bl ic. Persons wis hing to attend an y ffit.'t.'ting should eontact the Secre tary of
the B31 Standards Comm ittee.

vi
Copy right 20 12 by the America n Socie ty 01' Meehanica l Enginccrs. ~
No reproduclion may be made 01' this material without writtcn co nsent a l' ASME. ~
ASME 8316-2012
SUMMARV Of CHAN6ES

Following approva l b y th e B31 Co m mi ttee and ASME, and after public revie w, ASME B31G-2012
was a p pro ved b y th e American N a tional Standa rd s Institute on Sep tember 20, 2012.

Cha nges giv en bel ow a re identified 0 11 the pages by a margin no te, (12), p laced n ext to the
affected area .
Pagc Locotion CJUlIlgc
2 1.5 In the nomenclatu re, defi ni tio n of
PI' revised
7 2.3 First sentence revised
9 Tab le 3-1 In eigh th colu mn, s econ d entry rev lsed
Tab le 3-I M In eigh th col u mn, secon d en try rev ised
1ll Table 3-2 In fifth column, sec o nd en try revised
11 Table 3-2M In fifth column, sc cond entry revised
14 Table 3-4 In se cond col umn, fir st entry re vised
15 Table 3-4M In secon d column, first entr y revised
22 Table 3-8 In third column, first en try rev ised
23 Tab le 3-8M In third colu mn, firs t entry revised

SPECIAL NOTES:
Th e in terpretations to AS~1E B31G are in clu ded in thi s cd it ion as a se pa ra te sec tion for th e users
convenie nce.

Copyright 2012 by the America n Society of Mechanical Enginccrs.


No reproduct ion may be made o f this mater ial without writtcn cansent of ASME.
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No furt ber reproduction c r networking rs permttte d. Distribuled by Thomson Reute rs (Sctennc) Ll C. www.techstreet.com .

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ASME B31G-20 12

MANUAL FOR DETERMINING THE REMAINING STRENGTH or


(aRRODEO PIPElINES

1 INTRODUCTION (11) me tal loss in pipe ma terial having d uctile fracture


ini tiation cha racter istics 1SE..' e paras. 1.7(e) and (f )] unl ess
1.1 Seope u s in g a Le ve l 3 assess men t in acco rda nce w i th
Th is document is inten ded so lely for the p urpose of paras. 2.2(b) an d 2.4
prov iding guidance in the evaluatlon of metal loss in (j) metal 1055 in pipe operating a t tempera tures aboye
p ressurized pipelines and piping systems. It is applica- ambient w ithin the range o opera ting tem pe rature rec -
ble to a ll p ipelines a nd pi pi ng systems wi th in the scope ognized by the goveming standa rd, anct provided mate--
of the transpor tat ion p ip eline cedes that are part of ria l strength p roperties a t temperat ure are consdered
A5ME 8 3 1 Code fo r P ress u re Piping, na m e ly : (j) meta l loss in pipe opera ting at any level of allow-
A5ME 8 31.4, Pip eline Transpo rtati on 5ystems for Liqu id ab le d esign hoo p stress [see paras. 1.4(a) an d (b) for
H yd roca rbo ns a nd O ther Liq uids; ASME B31.8, Gas add itional cons idera tions]
Transmission and Distribu tion Pipi ng Sys tems; ASME (k) meta l loss in p ipe whe re ntemal p ressure is the
B31.11 , Slurry Tra nspo rtati on Pi ping System s; a nd primary load ing [see pa ras. 1.4(c) and (d) for additional
ASME B31.12, Hydrogen Pipi ng and Pipeli nes, Part PL. considerat on s]
Where th e term pipeline is used , it ma y a lso be read to
1.3 Exclusions
ap p ly to p iping or p ipe conf orming te th e acceptable
ap pl ications and withi n the tech nica l li mitation s di s- This document does not appl y to the followin g:
cuss ed below, (a) crack-like d efects or r nech ani cal su rface damage
no t co m p le t e ly rem o ve d to a s moo th co n to u r by
1.2 Aeeeptable Applications gr nd ng
(b) m etal loss in indentati on s o r buckles res ultng in
The applica tion of th is doc ument is limi ted to the
rad ial distortion of the pipe wall larger than 6% of the
eval ua tion of wall loss in meta l pipe wi th in the follo wing
pipe o utside d iamet er, unless a Level 3 essessme nt is
lirnit at ions:
performed in accordance with para. 2.4
(a ) metal lo ss in pipelines located belowground ,
(e) grooving corrosi n, selective corrosi n, o r p refe r-
aboveground, o r offsho re ential corrosion affecti ng pipe sea ms or girth welds
(b) met al loss d ue to extema l o r infernal cor ros in
(ti) metal loss in fittings ot he r than ben ds or elbows
(e) me ta l 105s produced by grind ing w he re used to (e) me tal loss af fectin g mate rial having brittle frac ture
co m pletely rem ove m ech an ical da mage, crac ks, are initiation characteris tics [see paras. 1.7(e) and (f) l unl ess
bums, manu facturin g defec ts, or other defects fro m the a Leve l 3 asses sment is perfor med in accordance wi th
pipe sur face para. 2.4
(d ) metal IOS5 in feld bend s, ind uc tio n ben ds, a nd (f) pi pe ope ra tin g at tempcratures o utsid e the ra nge
elbows of opera ting tem p erat ure rccog nized by the gov ern ing
(e) m etalloss that incide n tall y affects lon gitudinal or standard or ope ra ting a t tem peratures in th e cree p ra nge
helical electric seam weld s or circum ferential electt ic
weld s of so und q uality a nd having ductile cha ra cteris- 1.4 Additi onaL Considerations
tics. provicted wo rkm ans hip flaws are no t p resen t in The user s ca utloned tha t actd itional cons idera tions
sufficient ly close p roximity to Inte rac t with the metal may ap ply in cer tain situa tio ns, d esc rib ed belo w.
loss (a) Pipe op erating a t low hoop stress levels d ue to
ifJ meta l 1055 of an y depth w ith res pect to the pip e int em a l pressure (e.g., less than 25% of SMYS) may be
wa ll, except that due considerat ion shall be g iven to the perforat ed b y co rros ion witho u t in d uci ng struct ural
acruracy of measu rements a nd effect ive corros ion rates ma teria l fa ilure . The methods and criteria provided
w hen the dep th of metal loss exceeds 80% of the ac tual herein d o no t add..'Ss failure by perfora tion .
pipe wa ll di mension ( b) Pipe affected by general corrosion of the p ipe wall
(g) meta ll oss in ne\\' pipe where a llowed by the appli. (i.e., corrosion-ca used wa ll l05s over the entire pi pe sur-
cable code of cons tru ction face) effectively operates a t a grea ter hoop stress than

Copyright 20 12 by the American Socidy o f Mechanical Enginccrs . &


No reprod uction may bc made of this material without wrltten consent of ASM E. ~
ASME 83162012

the nom in al hc op s tress ba sed o n th e o rigi na l wa l! sr sa fety facto r


d im ension oEvalua tion of ind ivid ual deep pi ts wi thin a SMTS s p ec ified minimum t ena ile s tre ng th a t
generally corrod ed area sho uld account for the effect of ambient condi tion s
wa ll loss due to ge ne ra l corrosi on . SMYS specified minimum yield streng th at a mb i-
(e) Under cond itions norma lly encountered in buried ent co nd ition s
pi pelin es. th e hoo p s tress due to in ternal pressur e is the t pipe wall thickness
largest stress and will govern th e mod e of failure. High z = L'/Dt
longitu dinal stresscs in tension actin g on metalloss ha v- ~,. L// Dt
ing a significa nt circum ferential extent , in un restrained
piping. eould eha nge the failure mode from longi tud inal 1.6 Analysis Level
to circumferentia l. The method s and er iteria p rovided The user may choose to con d uct a Level 0, Level 1,
herein d o not address circumferent ial fa ilure due to hig h Level 2, or Leve l 3 analysis, d epen d ing on the qu an tity
long itud ina l tensile strcsscs. For such situa tio ns, the use r and quality of data ava ilable with which to perform a n
sh o u ld refer te a mo re comprehensive Htness-for- evalua tion, and on the desired degree of refinem ent of
pu rp os e guidan ce doeument , s uch a s A PI 5 79 -1 / the analys is.
ASME FFS-]-2007, Fitness-for-Servl ce. (a) A Level Oevalua tion is one that relies on th e tabl es
( d) Metal 105s having a significant circ u mferen tia l
of a llowab le defect length and d epth found in sectio n 3.
extent and acted o n by high lon gitudinal stresses in Th ese tabl es arccarried over w ithout change fro m ea rlier
compression could be suscep tible to wrinkling or buck- ed ito ns of A5ME B31G and have been supplemented
ling . Abo, the co mbinatio n o f hoo p stress d ue to intem al by th e addi tion of tables in m etric u ni ts. It is int ended
press ure a nd lo ngitud ina l compression could interact to tha t a Leve! O eva lua tion be conducted in the field with-
lower the failure press ure in the meta l IOS5 a rea. The out the need for pe rforming d etai led calculatio ns.
meth ods and criteria provided herein do no t address (b) A Level 1 eval ua tion is a si mp le calcu la tion tha t
b uckling Uf wr inkli ng, or nteraction of hoop stress w ith reles 011 sing le measu remen ts of th e ma ximum depth
longitudi nal com pressive stres ses . For such situ ations, and axial extent of m etall oss. It is intended that a Level l
th e user shou ld refer to a mor e comp rehe nsiv e fitn ess- eva lua tion be conducted in the field by an en gin ee r;
for-p u rpose guidance docum ent . such as API 579-1/ corrosion technician, coating inspector, o r o ther indiv id-
ASME FFS-1. ual having approp riat e training. A Level 1 eval uation is
also suitable for use in prioritizing meta l-loss anomalies
(12) 1.5 Nomenclature
identified by inline inspec tion .
A = local a rea of me tal 105S in the longitudi - (e) A Level 2 eva luation is one that incorpora tes a
nal plane greater level of detail than a Level 1 eva luatio n in o rd er
Ac = cross -sect ion a l arca o f C ha r py impact to produce a more accurate es timate of th e failure pres-
speci rnen su re . lt typically relies 0 0 d etailed measurements of the
Ao local o rig inal metal ar ea = Lt corrod ed surface p rofil e, accounting for the actual d istri-
Cv Cha rpy V-notched impact absorbed energy bution of metal 1055, and involves repetitive com puta-
D spec ified o utside d iameter of the pipe tions that ma y be facilitated by the use of comp uter
d = depth of the me tal IOS5 softwa re or spreadshee ts. lt is intended that a Level 2
E e1astic modulus of steel evalua tion be cond ueted by an eng ineer or technician
L leng th of the meta l loss having ap propriate tra ining. A Level 2 eval ua tion ma y
L, d fective leng th = L(r. / 4 ) be suitable for use in prioritizing me tal-loss anomalie5
M bulging stress magnifica tion factor identified by high-reso lut ion inline inspection.
M AOP maximll m allowable opera ting pressure (d ) A Leve! 3 eva luatio n is a d etailed an alY5is of a
M OP max im um opera ting prcssurc specific f1 aw in aceord ance with a llser-defined meth od-
1'f = e5tima ted failure pressure = 2S Ft/ D o logy, w ith fu ll just ifica tion for load ings, bOlUldary con -
Po opera ting pressure, m ay eq ual MAO P or d ition s, materi al pro pertit.'S, and failure crite ria . It is
M Or intended tha t a Leve l 3 eva llla tion be cond uct ed by a
f\ safe opera ting pressure = PF/SF technica l specia list havin g appropriate expertise in thc
S,. estimated failure stress level su bject of fitness- for-service assessme nt.
Sllow Aow stress , defined in pa ra . 1.7(b)
hoop stn.'Ss al theoperating p ressure, calcu- 1.7 Malerial Properties and Olher Dala
So
lated as Po D/ 2t (a ) Spec ified minimum mat eri al properties sha ll be
SUT spt.'Ci fied ultima te ten 5ile streng th a t tem- ust.'CI wh en cond uctin g Levt.'!0, Levell. or Level 2 e\'a lll-
per atu re, may equal 5~lTS a tio ns for the purpose of det ennining the need for a
Srr s peci fied yie ld streng th at tempera tu re, rep air. Actu a l material properties fmm mill test repo rts
ma y eq ua l SMYS (MTRs) or labo ra to ry tt.'Sting , if known with sufficient

2
Copyrig ht 2012 by the Amer ican Socicly o f Mechanieal Eng ineers. ~
1'\0 rcproduction may be made o ft his mater ial withou t wrinen conscn t 01' ASME . ~
ASME 8316 201 2

confidence to warrant th eir usage. may be used w ith a utoma ted, and in a ny co mbina tion) are considered to
Leve! 3 eval ua tlo ns. Sta tist ical represe ntations of mat e- have ad eq uate duet ile fracture in itia tio n p ro pert les for
rial properties may be use d w ith Levels 1. 2, or 3 for pu rposes of this Standard . O the r seam and weld types
purpose of es tablishing a probability of failur e; however; sha ll be inv esti gated to es tab lish fra ctu re p roperties
the de tails of su ch ana lyses ar e outsid e the scope of tht s before applyin g method s descrbed he rein to metalloss
documento affecting suc h wel d s. Co nsid era tion sh all be given to
(b) Fleto stress is a concept releva nt to frac tur e mechan- the disposition of workman ship fIaws or m anu facturing
les and is use d in the Level 1, Leve! 2, and Level 3 flaw s within a we ld o r sea m that could interact w ith
evalua tions. It is no t a propert y specified in a material me tal 10s5 due to co rrosion .
grade or finish ed produe t standard. Rcs ear ch ndi cat es (g) So me o pe ra tin g co nd i tion s . sue h a s lo w -
that it may be defined va riously as g iven below. tempe ra ture se rvice, o r long-term expo sure to so ur envi-
(1) So"w for p lain ea rbo n s teel opera ting at tempera- ronments or to vcry hi gh tempera tu res. cou ld ad ve rsel y
tu res below 250F (120C) may be defin ed by Sflow = affect the d ue tility and fracture tou ghness p roperties of
1.1 x SMYS. Sn<'w s ha ll no' exceed SMTS. so rne ma teria ls. 1t is the use r 's res pons ib ility to cons ider
(2) 5 now for plain earbon and low-alloy steel ha ving such condi tions where neees sary before applying meth-
SMYS not in excess of 70 ksi (483 MPa) and ope ra t ing ods d escr ibed heren.
at tem peratures below 250F (1200C) may be d efined by 1.8 Evaluat ion Procedure
Snow = SMYS + 10 ks (69 MPa). Snow sha ll not exceed
SMTS. Evalua tio ns sha ll be ear ried ou t in acco rdance with
(3) Sflow for p lain ca rbon and lo w-alloy s tee l havin g
the proeed ures d esc ribed in sec tion 2. In ad d ion, the
followi ng cons ide ra tions ap ply:
SMYS not in excess of 80 ksi (551 MPa) may be defined
(u) Units ma y be in any self-consistent syste m. lt s
by SUow = (SYT + SUT)/ 2, where SYT and SUT are specified
at the o pera ting tempera ture in aeeo rd anee with the the res ponsibilit y of the user to determine u ni ta ry con -
versi n factors as may be required .
ASM E Boil er a nd Pressure Vesscl Co d e, Se ct io n Il .
( b) This document mak es no reco mmend a ton as to
Pa rt D; applicablc p ipe product spccifica tio n: oc room
temperature streng th mul tip lled by th e tempe rature which evalua tion level and evalua ban m ethod to sele ct.
Al\ mcthod s described herein have been dem on str at ed
derating fac to r specified by thc ap plicable constr uc tion
to p rovide reliable and conserva tive results wh en th ey
codeoLinear interp ola to n of streng th values is allowed
ar e appli ed correctl y and within sta ted Iim ita tion s. No t
between listed temperatures.
al! me thods g ive id enti cal nu rner ical res ul ts o r conslstent
(e) Th is doe umen t d oes no t p rescribe which d efinition
deg rees of conservatisrn . l t is the pipeline o pera tors
fo r fIo w stress sho uld be used w he re more than one
rcspo nsibility to se lect an evaluation met hod , ba st..-'d on
defini ti on a p p lies . Wh er e m ore tha n o ne defi n it ion
ex perienee and judg me nt, that is eo ns is tc n t with its
a p p lics, th e vario us d ef in iti o ns produce ae ceptable
opera ting proeedures.
thou g h not nceessarily id cntiea l res lllts when used with
(e) O rigin a l so ur Cc ref er en ce d oc umcnts fo r each
an y g ive n eva luatio n method. 1t is noted that Sfiow was
met hodolog y are cited . Further references may be found
defined as 1.1 x SMYS in prt'viou s editions ofB31G. Th is
in o ther d ocumen ts a va ilab le in the publ ic domai n.
defini tion rema ins an inh erent e!ement of the Leve l O
While each method can be a pplied as presen tt.>d , so urce
assessmen t a nd is ff.'Commend t." with the Leve l 1 assess
d ocuments may pro vidc add itiona l in fo rmati o n to the
ment pe rfo rmt.>d in aecordanee w ith para . 2.2(a). lIscr. The user sho uld cons ide r referring to a pplieable
(d) O nly the speeified no mina l wall thiekn es s sha ll so ur ces as ne eessa ry in orde r to best impl ement a give n
be used for the uncorroded wall thic kness w hen con method .
ductin g a Level O evaluatton.1f k nown wi th conf id encc , (d) O ther evaluat ion met hods ma y evolv e l)r co me
the actua l 1.meor ro ded wall thiekncss ma y be used with into use which were not eontempla ted by thi s d ocumento
a Levell , Leve! 2, or Lcve13 eva luati on , with a sui tab le It is not the intention of this document t prohibi t their
adjustment of the hoop stress due to intemal pressure . use, but the usef of such metho ds shall be able to dcmo n-
(e) Pipe bod y material ma y be eonsidered to hav e stra te that th e objeetive of a sa fc and reliabl e asses sm en t
adequa te duetile fracture ini tia tion p roperties foc pur of metal loss can be aehieved .
poses of this Sta nda rd if the ma teri al o pe ra tes a t a tem -
p e ra tu re no co ld e r th a n 100F (55 C) be lo w th e 1.9 Safety Factors and the Meaning of Acceptan ce
tempera ture a t w hieh 85% shea r appea ran ce is ob se rvecl A flaw o r an omaly is considcred aceeptab le where
in a Cha rpy Vnotehed im paet tes t. the comp uted failure st ress is eq ua l to o r grea ter than
if) EIt.'Ctric res istanee we lded (ERW) seams that have the hoo p stress at the opera ting pressure m ulti plit.."CI by
becn sub jected to a norm alizing heat treatment, sin gle a suitable safety factor. There is no sing le sa fet y facto r
an d double submerged arc we lded sea ms , and girth that is su itable fo r a Htyp es o f pipeline eonstru ctio n, for
welds mad e using the shi eldl"'<i metal a rc, gas meta l arc, aH mudes of pi peli ne o peratio n, o r for all typ es of fIaws
flu x eored a re, an d submerged a re process es (man ua l o r or ano malies.

3
Copy right 20 12 by the American Socil:ty o f Mechan ical Engineers. ~
No reproduction m,lYbe made ofth is material without wrillen eonsent of AS ME. 9il1Y.
ASME B31G-2012

This doc urnen t reco mmends a m inim um safet v factor a re used to loca te and size the Flaws. Me thods acco un t-
eq ual to the rati o of the m inim um hydrosta c t~t pres- ing fo r un ce r ta inty in indi rectly sizcd fla w s in clu d e
s ure requ ired fo r the gi ve n type of pipeline constru ction increasing the flaw d ime nsi n in order to account fo r
to the MAOP o r MOP, b ut usually no t lcss than 1.25. d etec tion tool error, or s ta tis tlcal ana lysis of th e probable
La rger facto rs of safety ma y be app ropriat e in so rne flaw sizes oc risk of failure .
cases, e.g. , in loca tio ns of grea ter risk to the public or Met al-l osa co rros ion a nom alt es ind ica ted by in line
the environment. Lesser factor s of safety ma y be [ustified insp ection may be eva lua ted by a Level 1 or Level 2
in sorne circu ms tances , e-g. for limited p er iod s of time, eval ua fion method. The user is ca utioned again st ove r-
or whe re addi tiona l procedures a re in place to lim it sta ting the precisi n of eva lua fions applied w ith flaw
mo d es of c pe ration, oc in a re me te locat ion havin g dimen sion s indica ted by inlin e inspectio n w itho ut ad e-
red uc ed co nse q ue nc es of fai lure . In es tablishng th e q ua te ealibration or verifica tio n of act ua l fla w sizes by
safety factor for a given p ipeline seg men t, the p ipe line investi gations ca rried out in the field .
opera tor shall give con sid cra tio n to the accuracy of cor-
rosion d cp th a nd leng th measurem ents, rat es of corro- 1.1 2 Flaw Inleraelion
sion growth, the cha rac teris tics of th e pipe, the reliabi lity The me thods described herein are suitable for evaluar-
of surge contro l oc exces s p ressure lim iting methods, ing isol at ed areas of me ta l 1055. Corros ion ma y occu r
and the presenee of external fac tors tha t affec t risk. such that mltiple areas of metalloss are closely spaced
Wh e n ev a lua ting an oma lie s id enti fie d by n line
lo ng itudinally o r tr ansver se ly. If sp aced sufficiently
inspect ion, use o f la rger factors of sa fety w ill res u l t in closely, the met al loss a reas ma y in teract so as to resul t
sm aller flaws be ing le ft in serv ice fo llow ing field inves ti- in failure at a lower pressu re than wculd be expected
gation and pipeline repa irs. This ean ncrease the reas- based o n an ana lysis of the se pa ra te flaws. The following
ses sm ent int erval to the next inl ine inspection . g u ideline is s ug gested wi th ref erenc e to Fig . 1.1 2-1,
based on limited testing and ana lys is :
1.10 Software (a) Flaws a re consid ered int eracting if they ar e spaced
The use of co m mercial or proprie tary compu ter soft- lo n gi tudi nally o r circ umferentiall y from each o ther
ware packeges, as well as purpose-wri tten programs oc withi n a d istance of 3 tim es th e wall thickness (3f). lnter -
spreads he ets, can g rca tly facilit a te Level 1 evalu ations, ac ting flaws should be ev alua ted as a single f1aw co m -
and is pra ctica lly a necessity for cond uc ting thorough bined from all interacting flaws.
Leve l Zand Level S evaluations. Jt is the user 's respon si- (b) Plaw s a re considered nonin tera cting if spaced out -
bili ty to verify the accuracy and reliabi lity of el l softwa re sid e o f the above dime nsi o ns . No ni nte ract ing flaw s
and spreads heets, and to tra in pe rsonnel in their correct sho uld be eval ua ted as se pa ra te flaws.
usa ge . Cace sho uld be exercise d whe n g ro up ing or c1ust er ing
Valid ati on of so ftware sh ould indude d ocu mented anoma lies indi cated by inline inspe ction for pu rp oses of
evid ence tha t correct res ults are obtai ned OYer the full e\'alua ting interaction du ring the p riori tiza tion pmcess .
range of para meters tha t coul d reasonably be expected Co nsideration should be givcn to m nimum threshold s
to occur w he n mak ing evaluat ions. The follow ing d ocu - of meta lloss for reHable detecti on an d sizing, mnim um
ment summarizes the res ul ts of burs t tes ts aod service th res ho lds for reporting , and the expec ted mode of coa t-
failures o f line pipe affected by cormsion o r art ificial ing failure (e.g., localized fai lure versus di sbond men t
met al loss, a nd w hich have previou sly been ust.'CI for the over la rge areas ). Me thods employt.'CI fo r c1ustering of
purpose of validating the evaluation methods presented inline inspection a no ma lies sho u ld be validated by field
he re in : Kiefne r, J. E , Vie th , P. H ., and Ro ytm a n, l. , ve d fication of ac tual flaw d imensio ns and spacing .
"Co nti n ued Valida tio n of RSTREN G," PRC l C a ta log
N o. L51749, Contract PR 218~ 9 304 , Dec. 20, 1996. 1.1 3 Flaw Orientation
Validation may be dem ons trated by com parison of C or rosion callsed by di sbo ndment of co ntin llOllS
calcula ted resu lts aga inst publish ed benchmar k test data w rapped coatings ma y exh ibit a he lical pattern . lf the
such as tha t fo und in the ab oye refen.'n c"" oc against helical pattero lies a t an ang le less th an 45 de g to the p ipe
re su lt s p rod u ced b y anoth er re co gni zed ev a lua tion ax is, the overall leng th of the eo rroded area indicat ed as
me thod tha t have been ealcu lated in acco rda nce with L. in Fig . 1.13- 1 sha ll be eonsidered in the evaluati oll.
this Stand ard . If the helical pa ttern lit.'S at an angle of 45 d eg or grea ter
Valida tio n of th ird pa rty so ftw a re sho uld also demon- to the pipe axis, it is sufficient to cons id er th e most
s trate that adeq ua te chec ks or wa rnings are prod uce d severe longitudinal section through the cornxled a rea
when pa ra meters fall ou tside ranges th at w ill ensure hav ing a Iength L2 in Fig. 1.13-1 .
correet results. Co rros ion ma y occur wi th a circum ferentia l o rienta-
tion , e.g., ad jacent to a girth weld . It shall be evaluatt.'Cl
1.11 Accuracy for safe ope ra ting press ure as wi th corrosion having a
Co ns idera tio n sho u ld be given to the acc uracy of he lieal ang le grea ter than 45 de g to the pipe axis. Evallla-
record ed flaw sizt.'S, particula rly w here ind irec t methods tion of the circurnferentia l extent of corrosion subjt.'Ct

4
Copyright 2012 by thc American Socic ly of Mcchanical Enginccrs . r,w,,
No reproduction muy be made of Ihis material wilhout written conscnt 01'ASME. "&.
ASME 631G- 201 2

Fig. 1.12- 1 Corrosion Pit Interaction Distances

~~3t
~~
l. lJy
Long itudina lle ng th Lo ngitud ina l lengt h

Fig. 1.13-1 Helitally Orienled Corrosion Pallern

Use L, fo r ang le L,
< 45 deg to pipe ax is

Use L2 fo r angle
;::45 deg t o pipe axis L
2

5
Copyright 2012 by the A merican Socie ry 01'Mcch an ical Engincc rs. ~
1\0 reproo Ul: tion may be made 0 1'Ihis material withou t wrilten canse n! 01'ASME. ~
ASME B31G-20 12

to high axia l pipe s tress cs is ou tside the sco pe of this op erating pressure, w hile the use of equations gi ven
doc ume nto For such situ a tions, the user sho uld refer below ma y show that it ts acceptable.
to a more com prehensive fitn es s-fo r-pu rp ose g uidance The tab lee were des ign ed tu provide a minimu m factor
document, such as API579-1 JASME FF5-1. of safety of 1.39 for pipelines opera ting w ith a ho op
stress of 72% of SMYS. Application of the tables to the
eval uation of cor rosion in pipel ines operating at hoop
2 EVALUATION M ETHOD5 st ress levels greater tha n 72(Yo of SMYS wi ll result in a
factor of sa fety tha t is proport iona tely less.
2.1 LeveLO EvaLuation
Tables of allowable leng th of corros in 3Te found in
sec tion 3. The tablee are carried over w itho ut change 2.2 Level 1 Evaluation
fro m p revious edi tio ns of B31G and have b een su p p le-
me nted by the ad d ition of tab les in mctrc units. They Level l cva lua tions shall be ce rned o ut con sistent w ith
were calcula ted from the equation s fOTa Level 1 evalua- the procedure described in the follow ing steps:
tion in accordance w ith the origina l B31G methodolog y. 5tep 1. Determine pipe diameter a nd nominal wall
The y provide a ready reference of ma ximum corrosion thickness from ap propriate records or direct
lengths for a ran ge of pipe sizes and depths of corrosion. measurement of the pip e.
The tables may be used to determine the maximum Step 2. Clean the corrod ed pipe surface to bare metal.
allowable long itudinal extent of a con tigu ou s area of Ca re should be ta ken when cleaning corroded
corrosi n or an interactin g cluster of met al loss areas . areas of a pressurized pipe.
Evaluations shall be carried out co nsistent w ith the Sep 3. Meas ure th e ma ximum depth of the co rrod ed
p rocedure d escribed in the foll ow ing steps: a rea , d, and longitud inal extent o f th e corroded
ar ea, L, as shown in Hg. 2.1-1.
5tep 1. Determ ine pipe di ameter a nd nom inal wa ll
Step 4. Determine applicable pipe material properties
th ckness fro m ap propriate records or d irect
fro m approp riate recor d s.
measu reme nt of the pip e .
Sep 5. Selec t an eval ua tion meth od and calcul a re th e
Stop 2. De termine applicable pip e ma teria l p roper ties
estim ated fai lur e stress, SF'
fro m approp ria te recor ds.
Step 6. Define an acceptable safety factor, sr
Step 3. Clean the corro ded pipe su rface to bare metal. Sle!, 7. Co m pare Sr to SF x So.
Ca re sho uld be taken whe n clea ning corroded
SI' !, 8. The flaw is accep table w he re Sr is eq ua l to o r
arcas of a pressurized pipe.
g reater than SF x So, o r where P r is eq ua l to
Step 4. Measu re the mxim um d ep th of the corroded o r greate r than SF x Po.
arca , 11, and long itudina l extent of the corroded If the flaw is unacceptable ba sed on Step 8 above, the
a rea, L, as shown in Fig. 2.1-1. pressure can be reduced such that it s less than Pr/ sr
5tep 5. Loca te the table corresponding to the size of (a) Origina l B31G
the p ipe, D.
5tep 6. ln the table, loca te the row sho w ing a depth
equal to the rneasured maximum d epth of the M -= (1 + 0.8Z)I/ 2
corrod ed area . If the exa ct meas ured value is
not listed , choose the row show ing the next
greatcr d epth. For z S 20,
Stfp 7. Read across to the column showing th e wall
thick ness of the pipe. If th e no mi nal wa ll thick-
ness is not list ed , us e the column fo r the next s - S . [ 1 - 'I,(dl' ) ]
F- (1"" 1 _ 2()(d/t )/ M
thinn cr wa ll. The va lu e, L, fOllnd at the inter-
sec tion of the wall thickm.'Ss COlllnUl and the
de pth row is the maxim um a llowa ble longitu-
dinal extent of suc h a corroded a rt"a. For z > 20,
Step 8. The metal loss area on th e pi pe is accep table
if its measured leng th, L, does no t t"xceed the Sr = 5 n",,-(1 - d/t )
va lue of L given in the tab le.
The tables produ ce results tha t may be more conserva-
tive than th ose obtained by perfonning a Lcvell , Level2, ot e that previous editions of B31G incorporatl"Ci a
o r Leve l 3 ana lysis, particularly for operating hoop st ress d efinition for flow stress of Sflow = 1.1 x SMYS. For
leve is les s than 72% of SMYS, and also for very lon g consistency in comparison to results obtained from eval-
corroded a rcas. Therefore, the tabl es ma y sho w that a uat ions pcrformed to an earlier edi tion . use of the sa me
g iven co rrod ed area is u ns ui tab le for th e c u r re n t definition for flow stress is recommt"nded _

6
Copy righ t 20 12 by the Ame rican Socicl y of Mec hanieal Engineel1l . ~
No n:production may be made 01' this mater ial withou t w ritten ca nsen t 01' AS ME. ~
A5ME B31G-2012

Fig. 2.1-1 Corrosio n Parameters Used in Analys is

Longitud in al axis of pipe



I ~---- M eas ured long it ud i nal ext ent o f t be
co rr oded area , LM
- -- .

M easu red maximum

~~ ~
~d
T
[Re ferences : ANSI / ASME B31G- 1984 a n d AS ME step s desc ribed for Lcve l 1, excep t tha t the Effective ~

B31G-I 991.)
lb) Mo<tifted B31G. For Z ~ SO,
Area Method ge ne ra lly requires se veral measurements
of th e depth of co rrosi n o r remaining wall thickness i8
t hrou gh out th e co r ro d ed a rea . The Effe c ti ve A rea 3
M = (1 + 0.62752: - 0.0033752: 2) 1/2 Met hod is expressed as follow s:
For z > 50, 1 - AlA o ]
Sr = Sil"", [ 1 (NA o)/ M
M = 0.0322: + 3.3

I - O.85(dlt ) ] The Effective Area Method evalua res, by iteration, all


Sr = Sflt_ [ 1 0.85(dlt) / M possibl e cc mbina tions oflocal metal loss, A, with respect
to origina l materi al, .40. It requires for input a detailed
[References : (1) Kiefner; J. E, and Vieth , P. H., "Projt'Ct lon gi tudinal di stribu tion o r profile of meta l 1055. Th e
P R3805 : A Modificd C riterion fo r Eva lua t ing th e detailed profile Is established by obtaini ng sev era ! mea-
Rernai ning Streng th of Co rrod ed Pipe," AGA Ca talog su rements of meta lloss or re mai n ing wa ll thic kness
No. L51609, o . 22, 1989; (2) Kiefner, J. F , an d Vieth, thr o ug hou t the metal loss a rea . Such measurements may
P. H., "New Met hod Cor rects Criterion fc r Eva luatin g be ar rang ed in a g rid p a tte rn , or may follow a "rive r
C o r ro d e d Pi p e ," O il & G a s [ou r n al , Aug. 6 a nd bo tt om " pa th throu gh the deepest areas of metal loss .
Aug. 20, 199O.J Increm ents of meas uremcnt ne ed no t be un ifo rm , subject
(e) A P1579 Leve/ l. The "AP1579 Level I " assess me nt, to limitation s of application so ftware. lf using a grid
wh en reduced to its simplest forro, is of a similar format pattem, the analysis must be repeated alon g each merid-
to the o ther Level ] methods p rese nted herein, and there- ian to es tab lish the governing so lution. For a corroded
fore qualifies as a Level 1 as sessment for purposes of profile defined by 11 measurements of depth o f corros ion
mee ting th e req uirements of thi s d ocument. inclu d ing theend points a t no minal1y full wall thi ck nes s,
n!/2(1l - 2)! ite ra tion s ar e req ui red to exa mi ne all possi-
(1Z) 23 Leve! 2 Eva!u alion bit' combinations of local rnetalloss wit h respec t to sur-
Level 2 evel uat io n s a re per formcd u sing w hat is roun din g re m ai ni n g mate ri al. Th e loca l so l u tion
kn own as th e Effect ive Area Met ho d . Level Zevalu ations re su lting in th e lo w es t ca lcu la ted fa lure s tress sha ll
sha ll be ca rried ou t us ng a procedure simila r to the ten govcrn.

7
Cop yright 20 12 by the American Society of Mcchanical Engineers .
No rcproduction may be madc of this material wit hout writtcn conscnt of ASME.
ASME B31G-2012

Owing to its iterative nature. i t is l practical ne cessi ty and externa l fo rces: bounda ry co nditio ns a nd con -
to us e a co m p u ter p ro g r am or o th e r al go rit h m ic strain ts: ova lity, de format lon s. misalignm ent s, and di s-
approac h (e.g., a spread sheet) in o rder to carry o ut an continuitles: ma teri al stress-strain cha rac teristics: and
eva luation using the Effective Arca Met hod. effects o f the flaw on the overal l di s tribution of load s
The "A PI 579 Leve! 2" asses sment, when reduccd to and st rcs scs . A failure criterion sho uld be de vel oped
its s im pl est form , is equivalent to the Effective Area that consi ders the strain capacity or fracture res istance
Method presented he ren , and therefor e qualifies as a characteristics of the ma terial. Simi lar issues sho uld be
Leve! 2 assess me nt for purposes o f mee ting th e require- considered in d eveloping a sui table safety factor as were
ments of this d ocument. Refer to API 579-11ASME FF5-1 described for a Level 1 or Level 2 analysis.
for detailed ins truct ions.
[References : Same as in par a . 2.2(b ).] 3 TABLES Of ALLOWABLE LENGTH Of CORROSION
The foll owing are applicable to Tabl es 3-1 th rough
2.4 LeveL 3 Evaluation 312M :
(a) Meta l loss havin g a maxim um depth of 10% o
A Level S eval uat ion typically involv es a deta iled ana l- the nom inal pipe wa ll thickness or Iess is no t limited as
ys is, such as a fini te element analysis of the cor rod ed to allowab le length.
regt on. Th e an al ys is sho u ld accurately con sid cr or (b) Met al 10 55 ha vin g a mx imum depth exceeding
account for all facto rs tha t co uld affect the accuracy of 80% o the nominal pipe wa ll thickness shall not be
res ul ts, includ ing loadings including intemal p ressure evalua ted using th e tabl es of allowable len gth .

8
Copyright 20 12 by the American Society of Mcchanical Engincers. ~
Ko rcproduc!ion may be made of this material without written consen! of ASME. ~
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ASME B31G 2012 ~~

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Table 3-1 Values of L for Pipe Sizes " NPS 2 and < NPS 6
Wall thtc kness, t. in.
(12)
,-
00
O~

00
' O
epth, ~ jl
d, in. 0.083 0.10 9 0.125 0.141 0.154 0.1 72 0.188 0.2 18 ""
~"
o'<
n O
0 .0 1 1.99 No limit No limit No mlt No limit No ttrntt No Hmtt No limit O C

0 .0 2 0.92 1. 9 4 2.44 2.59 2.71 2.86 2.99 No ttmt t 3.?'


a :J
0.03 0.53 0.85 1.13 1.51 1.94 2.86 2.99 3.22 0 0
~o
0 .04 0.39 0.60 0.75 0.93 1.11 1.40 1.74 2.7 4 ~

0.0 5 0.31 0.47 0. 58 0.70 0.82 1.00 1. 18 1.6 2 g~


~f"
0.06 0.25 0.39 0.4 8 0. 58 0.66 0.79 0.92 1.2 1 C'N
C
0.07 0.33 0.41 0.49 0.56 0.6 7 0.77 0. 99 8:~
0.08 0.2 8 0. 35 0.43 0. 49 0.58 0.67 0.84 cro
~,

0. 09 0.31 0. 38 0 .4 3 0.5 1 0 .5 9 0.7 4 -l="


0.1 0 0 .27 0.33 0.39 0. 46 0 .5 3 0.6 6 6"a
0.11 0.30 0.35 0. 4 1 0 .48 0.60 3.
.0
00
o.
0.12 0.3 1 0.38 0.43 0. 55 :<lC
0.13 0.34 0 .40 0.50 o
cO

0. 14 0.37 0.46 !ig


?l..:;r
0.15 0.34 0. 43
U3
o
0.16 0. 40
0.17 0.37 ""-
~
r-
~
."

iro
o
"
Table 3-1M Values of L for Pipe Sizes " 60 mm and < 168 mm O.D. (12) ~
"-
e pth. Wal1 thickness. t. mm 8
3
d. mm 2.1 2.8 3.2 3. 3.9 4.4 4.8 5. 5

0.3 50.5 No limit No mlt No limit No llmit No limil No ttmlt No limil


0.5 23.2 49 .1 62.0 65.8 68.8 72.7 76.0 No limit
0.8 13.4 21.7 28.7 38 .3 4 9.2 72.7 76.0 81.9
1.0 9.8 15.1 19.0 23.7 28 .1 35.6 44.2 69.5
1.3 7.8 11. 9 14 .7 17.9 20.8 25.3 29. 9 4 1.1

1.5 6.4 9.8 12.1 14.6 16.8 20.1 23.4 30.7


1.8 8.3 10.3 12.4 14.3 17.0 19.5 25.0
2.0 7.2 9.0 10.8 12.4 14.7 16.9 21.4
2.3 7.9 9.5 11.0 13.0 14.9 18.8
2. 5 6.9 8.5 9.8 11 .6 13.4 16.8
2.8 7. 8.8 10.5 12.1 15.2

3.0 8.0 9. 1 1.0 13.9


3.3 8.7 10.1 12.8
3.6 9.3 11.8
3.8 8.5 10.9
4.1 10. 2
4.3 9.5

9
Co pyright 20 12 by the A me rican Soc icty of Mcchanica! Engineers. ~
No reproductio n may be mad e o f this materi a l wltbout wr ittcn con sent of ASM E. ~
ASME B31G-2012

(12) Jabl e 32 Values of L for Pipe Sizes " NPS 6 and < NPS 10
Wall Thicknes s, t, in.
Depth,
a. in. 0.083 0. 125 0. 156 0. 188 0.2 03 0.21 9 0.250 0.312

0.01 3.3 2 No limlt No limit No limit No limit No limi t No Hmtt No limit


0.0 2 1. 53 4.08 4.55 5.0 0 No limi t No Iimit No limit No limit
0.03 0 .88 1.89 3.3 7 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.77 No limit
0.0 4 0.65 1. 25 1.90 2.9 1 3.6 1 4.65 5.77 6.44
0.05 0.5 1 0 .97 1.4 0 1.97 2.30 2.73 3.86 6.44
0.06 0.42 0.80 1.13 1.54 1.77 2.04 2.67 4.77

0.07 0.68 0.96 1.2 9 1.46 1.66 2.11 3.37


0.08 O_59 0.83 1.11 1. 25 1.42 1.77 2.68
0.0 9 0.52 0 .7 4 0.98 1. 10 1.24 1. 54 2_26
0. 10 0 .46 0. 66 0.88 0.99 1.11 1.3 7 1.9 7
0. 11 0.5 9 0 .8 0 0.9 0 1.0 1 1. 24 1.76
0. 12 0. 54 0.73 0 .82 0.92 1. 13 1.60

0. 13 0.66 0.75 0.8 5 1.04 1.4 6


0 .14 0.6 1 0.6 9 0.78 0.96 1. 3 5
0. 15 0 .56 0. 64 0.72 0 .89 1.2 6
0 .16 0 .59 0.67 0.83 1.18
0.17 0.63 0.78 1. 10
0. 18 0.73 1.04

0.19 0.69 0 .98


0.20 0.65 0 .93
0. 21 0 .88
0.22 0.84
0 .23 0 .80
0 .24 0.76

10
Copyright 2012 by the A merican Socicty of M echanic al Engineers. ~
No rcproduct ion may be made u f th is materi al without wri ttcn conscnt 01'A SM E. '.-
ASME B31 G-2012

Table 3-2M Values of L for Pipe Sizes " 168 mm and < 273 mm 0.0. (12)

Depth, Wall I htckne ss. t, mm


d. mm 2.1 3.2 4 .0 4.S 5.2 5.6 6.4 7.9

0.3 84.4 No limil No lmit No mtt No limit No limil No limit No limit


0.5 38.8 103.6 115.7 127.0 No limit No Hmit No fimit No limit
O.S 22.4 48.0 85 .6 127.0 132 .0 137.1 14 6.4 No limit
1.0 16 .4 31.8 48.1 73.8 91.6 118.1 14 6.4 16 3.6
1.3 13.0 24.6 35.5 50.0 58.5 69.3 98 .0 163.6
1.5 10.7 20.3 28.7 39.1 44.9 51.7 67.8 12 1.1

I. S 17.3 24 .3 32. 6 37. 1 42.2 53.6 85.5


2.0 15.0 21.1 28 .2 31.9 36.0 45 .0 68.1
2.3 13.1 18.7 24.9 28. 1 31.6 39. 1 57.4
2.5 11. 6 16.7 22.3 25.1 28.3 34.8 50. 2
2.S 15.0 20. 2 22 .8 25.6 31.4 44.8
3.0 13.6 18.4 20 .8 23. 4 28.7 40 .6

3. 3 16.9 19.1 21.5 26 .4 37 .2


3.6 15. 5 17.6 19.8 24.4 3 4.4
3.S 14 .3 16.3 18 .4 22 .7 32. 0
4.1 15.1 17.1 21.2 29.9
4 .3 15.9 19.8 28.0
4.6 18.6 26.4
8
4.S 17.5 25.0 3
5.1 16 .4 23.6
5.3 22.4
5.6 21.3
5.S 20.2
6.1 19.2

11
Copyr igh t 2012 by thc Ame rican Socicty of Mechanical Enginccrs. ~
No reproduction may be made of this mate rial withou! written cansen! of ASME. ~
ASME B31G-2012

Tabl e 3-3 Values of L fo r Pipe Sizes ~ NPS 10 and < NPS 16

Depth, wa ll Thickness. t. in.


d. in. 0.lS6 0.219 0.2S0 0.307 0.344 0.365 0.4 38 O.SOO

0.0 2 S.80 No limit No limit No llmlt No limil No Hmit No Hrntt No lirnit


0.0 3 4.29 6.8 7 7.34 No limit No ttmit No limit No limit No Itrnlt
0.04 2.41 5.92 7.34 8.14 8. 6 2 8 .87 No limit No limit
0.05 1.78 3.48 4.91 8.14 8.62 8 .87 9. 7 2 10.39
0.06 1.44 2. 59 3.40 5.77 8.6 2 8.87 9.72 10.39
0.07 1. 22 2.11 2.6 9 4.13 5.S3 6.62 9.72 10. 39
0.08 1.06 1.81 2.2 6 3.30 4.22 4.85 8.37 10.39
0.09 0.9 4 1. 59 1.96 2.80 3.48 3.93 6. 10 9.38
0. ] 0 0.8l 1.l 2 1.7 l 2.l5 2.99 3.35 4.92 6.95
0. 11 0.75 1.28 1. 57 2.19 2.6S 2.94 4.18 S.6 4
0.12 0.68 1. 17 1.44 1.98 2.39 2.64 3.67 4.81
0.13 1.08 1.32 1.82 2.18 2.40 3.29 4.23
0.14 1.00 1.22 1.68 2.01 2.21 2.99 3.80
0.15 0.92 1.14 1.56 1.86 2.0 S 2.7 S 3.46
0.16 0.86 1.06 1.46 1.74 1.9 1 255 3.19
0.1 7 0.80 0.99 1.37 1.6 4 1.7 9 2.39 2.9 7
0.18 0.93 1.29 1.54 1.69 2.2 4 2.77
0.19 0.88 1.22 1.46 1.60 2.12 2.61
0. 20 0.8 2 1.1S 1.38 1.51 2.00 2.47
0. 21 1.09 1.31 1.44 1.90 2.34
0.22 1.04 1.2S 1.37 1.81 2.23
0.23 0.9 9 1. 19 1.30 1.73 2.12
0.24 0.94 1. 13 1.25 1.66 2.03
O.2S 1.08 1. 19 1.59 1.9 S
0.26 1.03 1.14 1.52 1.8 7
0.27 0.99 1.09 1.4 6 1.80
0. 28 L OS 1.41 1.73
0.29 1.00 1.35 1.6 7
0.30 1.31 1.61
0.31 1.2 6 1. 55
0.32 1. 21 1. 50
0.33 1. 17 1.4S
0.3 4 1.13 1.41

0.3 5 1.09 1.36


0.36 1.32
0.37 1.28
0.38 1.2l
0.39 1.20
0.40 1. 16

12
Copyright 20 12 by thc Amer ica n Soclct y of Mechanical Enginecrs . ~
No reprod ucuon may be madc of this mater ial witho ct writtcn consent 0 1' ASME. "&
ASME 831G- 2012

Table 3-3M Values of L fa. Pipe Sizes ~ 273 mm and < 406 mm 0.0.

Depth, Walt Thickness, t, mm


d,mm 4. 0 5.6 6.4 7.8 8.7 9.3 11. 1 12.7

0. 5 147 .4 No Hmit No limit No timit No limil No limit No limit No limit


0.8 109.1 174.6 18 6.5 No Ilmlt No tlmtt No limit No limit No limit
1.0 61. 3 150.4 186.5 20 6.7 218 .8 225 .4 No limit No limit
1.3 45.2 88.3 124.8 206.7 218 .8 225 .4 246.9 263.8
1.5 36. 5 65. 9 86.4 146.6 218 .8 225.4 246.9 26 3.8
1.8 30.9 53. 7 68.2 104.8 140.5 168. 1 246.9 26 3.8
2.0 26.9 45.9 57.3 8 3.9 10 7.1 123.3 212.7 263.8
2.3 23.8 40.3 49.8 71.0 88.3 99. 8 155.0 238.4
2.5 21.3 36.0 44.3 62.1 76.0 85.0 124.9 176. 5
2.8 19.2 32.6 40.0 5S. 5 67.3 74.7 106.1 143.3
3.0 17.3 29.8 36.S SO.4 60.6 67.0 93. 1 12 2.2
3.3 27.4 33.6 46.2 55.3 61.0 83.'> 10 7. 5
3.6 2S.3 31.1 4 2.7 51.0 56. 1 76.0 96.S
3.8 23.4 28.9 39.7 47.4 52.0 69.9 87.9
4.1 21.8 27. 0 37.1 44.2 48.'> 64.9 81.0
4.3 20.3 25.2 34.8 41.5 45.5 60 .6 7 5.3
4.6 23.7 32.8 39.1 42.9 56.9 70.5
4.8 22. 2 31.0 37.0 40.5 53.7 66.3
5.1 20.9 29.3 35.1 38.4 50.9 62.7
5.3 27.8 33.3 36.5 48.4 S9.4
5.6 26.4 31.7 34.8 46. 1 S6.6

5.8 2S.1 30.2 B.l 44.0 54.0


6. 1 23.8 28.8 31.7 42. 1 S1.6
6.4 27.S 30.3 40.3 49.S
6.6 26. 3 29.0 38.7 47.S
6.9 25.1 27.7 37.2 45.7
7.1 26.6 35.7 44.0

7.4 25. 5 34.4 4 2.4


7.6 33.2 40.9
7.9 32.0 39 .5
8 .1 30. 8 38. 1
8. 4 29.7 36.9
8 .6 28.7 3S.7

8.9 27.7 3il.6


9.1 B.5
9.4 32.il
9.7 31.il
9.9 30.5
10.2 29.6

13
Cop yright 2012 by thc Americ an Socicty 01' Mecha nica l Enginecrs . r.Qi;b
No reproduct ion muy be made 01'this mater ial withou t written consc nt 0 1' ASM E. ~
ZO
01J
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ASME B31 G201 2
'.
~~
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(12) l able 3-4 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;, NPS 16 and < NPS 20 6=:
, 0

.-
o
Wall I hlckness . r, in. ,
Dept h, '0
00
d. in. 0 .188 0.250 0 .31 2 0.344 0.375 0.438 0 .500 0.625
00

0.0 2 7.77 No limit No li mit No li mit No Hmit No mu No timit No mit ~~


o,
~,
0 .03 7.77 8. 96 No timit No limlt No limlt No umtt No limit No timit
ra'<
0.04 4.52 8 .96 10.01 10. 51 10 .97 No Iimit No ttmtt No limit .,,0
O C
0.05 3.06 6.00 10.01 10 . 51 10 .9 7 1 1. 8 6 12.67 No li ma
3.?'
;:::;.:::1
0.06 2.39 4.15 7.41 10. 51 10 .97 11.86 12 .67 No limit
.0
o ,
0 .07 2.00 3.28 5.23 6.7 5 8.84 11.86 1 2.67 14 .1 7 -o
0.08 1.73 2.75 4 .17 5.14 6.3 4 10.21 1 2.6 7 14.1 7 ~
2.39 3. 51 4.24 5.08 7.44 11.4 5 14.1 7 ~~
0. 0 9 1.52 8';;:;
2.13 3.07 3.6 5 4.30 6. 00 8. 48 14. 17 c .
0. 10 1.37
2.74 3.23 5.10 13.85 [~
0 .11 1.24 1.92 3.77 6.8 8
0"0
~,

0. 12 1.13 1.75 2.48 2.9 1 3.37 4.47 5.87 10.5 3 ~ :;


o~
D.n 1. 0 3 1. 61 2.27 2.6 6 3.06 4.01 5.1 6 8.65
3

0. 14
0.15
0. 1 6
0.95
0.87
1.49
1.39
1.30
2.10
1. 96
1.83
2.45
2.28
2.13
2.81
2.61
2.43
3.65
3.36
3. 12
4.63
4 .22
3. 89
7.43
6.56
5.91
00
'
;Oc

.-
C~

0. 17 1. 2 1 1.72 1.99 2.28 2.9 1 3.62 5. 40 ~g


1. 14 1.6 2 1.88 2. 1 5 2.74 4.99 ;:?.~
0. 18 3.38 U>
0 .1 9 1.0 7 1. 53 1.78 2.0 3 2.58 3. 18 4 .6 4 o
s
0.20 1. 00 1.44 1.68 1.92 2.4 5 3.0 1 4.3 5 ;;
0.2 1 1.37 1.60 1.83 2.3 2 2.85 4.10 E
r-
0 .22 1.30 1. 52 1.7 4 2.2 1 2.72 3.88 r-
0 .23 1.2 4 1. 45 1.66 2.11 2. 59 3.69
."
0.24
0.25
1. 18 1.38
1.3 2
1. 59
1. 52
2.02
1.94
2. 48
2.38
3.52
3.36
~
;
0.2 6 1.26 1 .4 5 1. 86 2. 28 3. 22 o
~

1. 2 1 1.3 9 1.79 2. 19 3. 10
"-
;
0.27
0.28 1.34 1.72 2.11 2.98 !!?
0 .29 1.28 1.6 5 2.03 2.87 8
3
0. 30 1.23 1. 59 1.96 2.77
0.3 1 1.53 1.90 2.68
0.32 1.48 1.83 2.59

0 .33 1.43 1.77 2.51


0.34 1. 38 1.71 2.43
0 .35 1.33 1.66 2.36
0.3 6 1.61 1.29
0.37 1.56 2.23
0 .38 1. 51 2.16

0.39 1.46 2.11


0.40 1.42 2.05
0.41 1.99
0 .42 1.94
0 .43 1.89
0.44 1. 84

0.4 5 1.80
0.4 6 1.75
0.47 1. 71
0.48 1.67
0.4 9 1.63
0.50 1. 59

14
Copyright 20 12 by the American Socict y of Mcchanical Engineers.
No rcprodu ction may be made of this material witho ut writtcn consen t 01'A SME .
ZO
o~

"""
'.'.
gi5
o"
ASME B316201 2 ,~

153
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~.
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Table 3-4M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;;, 406 mm and < 508 mm 0.0. (12) o="
00

Wall Thickness, t, mm Q~
Depth,
d. mm 4.B 6.4 7.9 B.7 9. 5 11. 1 12.7 15.9 ,-
o.
o ~

00

0. 5 19 7.4 No [imil No um tt No limit No l imit No li mit No Hmtt No ttmtt ~~


00
00
O.B 197.4 227.6 No limit No limil No llmlt No limit No Hmit No limit -~
V.
1.0 114.8 227.6 254.2 267.0 278.7 No tlmlt No limit No l fmit ~O
oS
1.3 77.7 152.3 254.2 267.0 278 .7 30 1.2 321.9 No Hmlt '3, ,_"
1.5 60.8 10 5.4 188.2 26 7.0 278.7 301.2 No imit ;:;::;:1
321.9
0 0
~o
LB 50.7 83.2 132.9 17 1.4 224.5 301.2 32 1.9 359.8 ~

2.0 43 .8 69.9 105.8 130.6 161. 2 259.5 321.9 35 9.8 ~


~f'
2.3 3B.7 60 .8 89.3 107.7 129.1 189.1 290.8 359.8 _

cr~
. ~

2.5 34.7 54.1 77.9 92.8 109.3 152.4 215.4 35 9.8 5.6
~~
2.B

3.0
3 1.4

28 .6
48 .8

44. 5
69. 6

63.0
8 2.1

73 .9
95 .7
85 .6
129. 5

113.6
174.8
149.1
35 1.8
267.5
cro
~
--1=
g-g
-
3.3 26 .2 41.0 57.8 67.5 77.8 10 1.8 131.1 219.8
3~
3.6 24.1 37.9 53.4 62 .2 71.4 92.7 11 7.7 188.7 .m
o.
o.
3.8 22. 2 35.3 49.7 57.8 66.2 85 .3 107.3 166.7
:oe
4.1

4.3
32.9

30.8
46.4

43.6
54.0

50.7
6 1.7

57 .9
79. 1

73 .9
98.9

91.9
150. 1

137.1
o

~g
4.6 28. 9 41.1 47.7 54 .5 69.5 86.0 126.6 ~~
U>
o
4.B
5.1
27.1
25.5
38.8
36.7
4 5.1
42 .8
51.5
48 .9
65.6
62. 1
80.9
76.4
117.9
1 10.5 ,
~

5.3 34.8 40. 6 46.4 59.0 72.5 104 .2 E


r-
5.6 33 .0 38.6 44 .2 56.2 69. 0 98.6 r-
.0
5.8 31. 4 3 6.8 42.2 53.7 65 .8 93.7
6.1 29. 9 35 .1 40 .3 51.3 63.0 89 .4 ~
6.4
6.6
33 .5
32.0
38 .6
36 .9
49 .2
4 7.2
60 .3
57.9
85.5
81. 9
.
o
;
6.9 30 .6 35 .4 45.4 55.7 78.7 ~
33 .9 43.6 53.6 75.7 ~
7.1
7.4
7.6
32 .5
31.2
42.0
40.4
51.7
49.9
72.9
70.4
"3
o

7.9 39.0 48.2 68.0


B.1 37.6 46. 5 65.8

8 .4 36.3 45.0 63.7


8 .6 3 5.0 43. 6 61.8
B.9 33 .8 42.2 60 .0
9.1 40 .9 58 .2
9.4 39 .6 56 .6
9.7 38 .4 55.0

9.9 37.2 53.5


10 .2 36. t 52.0
10.4 50.7
10 .7 49.3
10 .9 48.1
11. 2 46.9

11. 4 45.7
11.7 44.5
11.9 43. 4
12 .2 4 2.4
12 .4 4 1. 3
12 .7 40 .3

15
Copy righ t 20 12 by the Am erican Socicty 0 1'Mec han ica l Engi nccrs. ~
No reprodw:li on ma y be made o r this mater ial without wriUcn consent 01'ASME. ~
z"
o.g
-~
c"
=-<3"
~~
m_
ASM E 831 G-2D12 ~il.
113
"ro
0 _
~.
c: ::::l .

Table 3-5 Val ues of L for Pipe Sizes " NPS 20 and < NPS 24 g~
00

e pt h.
d. in.

0.03
0.04
0.219

9.38
8.08
0.2 50

10.02
10 .0 2
0.344

No nmtt
11.7 5
Wall Thickness. r, in.
0.406

No limit
No limi l
0.469

No limit
No limil
0.5 00

No Imil
No Hmtt
0. 562

No umn
No Hmt
0.625

No limit
No limit
.-
o
;~
.~

00
~.~
00
Co
Vi-'<
0.05 4.74 6.70 11. 7 5 12.77 13.72 14.17 No limit No limi t ,,0
mC
0.06 3.54 4.64 11.75 12 .77 13.72 14.17 15.02 No limit 3.?
0.07 2.88 3.66 7.54 12.77 13.72 14. 17 15.02 15.84 ;;;~

00
0.08 2.46 3.08 5.75 8.86 13.72 14.1 7 15.02 15.84 ~o
~

0.0 9 2. 16 2.68 4.74 6.83 10.2 1 12.80 15.02 15.84 9~


2.38 5.66 7.94 9.48 1 5.8 4 ~ f'
0.10 1.93 4 .08 14 . 12 0:;:::;
0.1 1 1.75 2.1 5 3.61 4.89 6.6 1 7.69 10.61 15.49 5.6
0.12 1.60 1.96 3. 26 4.3 4 5.73 6. 56 8. 67 11.77 !l.A
~O
0.13 1.80 2.97 3.9 2 5.09 5.77 7.42 9.67
1.47
2.74
. ., ='
~,

0.14 1.36 1.6 7 3.58 4.60 5.18 6.5 4 8 .31 6~


3.
0. 15
0. 16
1.26
1.1 7
1.55
1.45
2. 54
2.38
3.3 1
3.08
4.2 2
3.90
4.72
4.35
5.88
5.37
7.34
6.6 1

s::.
:oc
0.17 1.09 1.36 2.23
2.10
2.89
2.72
3.64
3.41
4.04
3.78
4.95
4.61
6.0 4
5.57

c.
0.18 1. 27 iig
0.19 1.19 1.99 2.56 3.21 3.56 4.32 5.19 ~~
0.20 1.1 2 1.88 2.43 3.04 3.36 4.07 4.87 en
o
s
0.21 1.79 2.3 1 2.89 3.19 3.8 5 4. 59 a
0.22 1.70 2.20 2.75 3.04 3.6 5 4.34 :
0.23 1.6 2 2.10 2.63 2.90 3.48 4.13 ~
r--
1. 55 2.01 2.51 2.77 3.32 3.93
"
0.24
2.41
0.2 5
0.26
1.4 8
1.41
1.92
1.84 2.31
2.66
2.55
3.1 8
3.05
3.76
3.6 1
~
1.35 1.77 2.22 2.4 5 2.94 3.46
oo
0.27 zr
0.28
0.29
1.70
1.64
2.14
2.06
2.36
2.27
2.83
2.73
3.33
3. 21 ~
1.57 1.99 2.19 2.63 3.10
:e.o
0.30 o
0.3 1 1.51 1.92 2.12 2.54 2.99 3
0.32 1.46 1.8 5 2.05 2.46 2.90

0.33 1.79 1.98 2.38 2.8 1


0.34 1.73 1.92 2.3 1 2.72
0.35 1.67 1.86 2.24 2.64
0.36 1.6 2 1.80 2.17 2. 56
0.3 7 1.56 1.74 2.11 2.49
0. 38 1.69 2.0 5 2.4 2

0.3 9 1.64 1.99 2.35


0.4 0 1.59 1.93 2.29
0.4 1 1.88 2. 23
0.42 1.8 3 2.17
0.43 1.78 2.12
0.44 1.73 2.06

0.45 2.01
0.46 1.96
0.47 1.9 1
0.48 1.86
0.49 1.82
0.5 0 1.78

16
Co py r igh t 20 12 by thc Americ an Soc icty o f Mecbanical Engincers. ~
No rcprod uctic n may be madc of this material without written con se nt o f AS ME . ~
z"
o{l
2"'(
9:10
o "
ASME B31G201 2 ' o
,~

{l3
8.~
c::::!.
!l~
Table 35 M Values 01 L lo r Pipe 5izes ;" 50S mm a nd < 610 mm 0.0. ,o="
0
0
0
Wall Thickness . t. mm ;~
epth.
d, mm 5.6 6.4 8.7 10.3 11.9 12.7 14.3 15.9 ,-
o~

0
0

0.8 238 .1 254.4 No Hmlt No limit No rnit No ttrntt No limit No lirnit ~~


1.0 20S.1 2 54.4 298 .S No limit No (imil No limil No [im it No lirnit "
<o,
;-
1.3 120.5 170.3 298.5 324.3 348.5 359.8 No limil No limit "o
oS
1.5 89.8 117.8 298.5 324.3 348 .5 359.8 38 1.5 No llmit '3_
1.8 73.3 93.1 191.6 324.3 348 .5 359.8 381. 5 40 2.3 .:: ~
mo
2.0 6 2.6 78.2 146.0 225.2 348 .5 359.8 38 1. 5 40 2.3 ~,

~
0 0
2.3
2.5
2.8
3.0
54.9
49 .1
44 .4
40.6
68.0
60.4
54.6
49.8
120.4
103 .7
91.8
82.7
173.5
143.8
12 4.3
110.2
2 59.5
201.7
168 .0
145. 5
32 5.1
240.8
19 5.4
166.7
38 1.5
358 .6
269. 5
220 .2
402 .3
402 .3
39 3.4
299 .1
--
@: t:
~~

""6
il. ~
0'0
3.3 37.3 45.8 75.5 99.5 129 .3 146.6 188.5 245.7 ~,

3.6 34.5 42 .4 69 .6 91.0 116.9 131.6 166.1 211. 0 ~~


0 0
3~
3.8 32.0 39.4 64.6 84. 1 107.1 119.9 149.4 186. 3 ~o
00
4.1 29.7 36.8 60. 4 78.3 99.1 110.5 136.4 167.8 ';0 0~'
4.3 27 .7 34 .4 56. 6 73.3 92.4 10 2.7 12 5.8 153. 3 o ~
0 0
4.6 32.3 53.4 69.0 86.6 96 .1 11 7.1 141.6 00
4.8 30.3 50.5 6 5.1 81.6 90.4 109 .6 131. 8 "
~~
5.1 28.5 47.8 61. 7 77 .2 85.5 10 3.3 123 .6 en
o
5.3 45.4 58.7 73.3 81.1 97.7 116 .5
5.6
5.8
6.1
43.2
4 1.2
39.3
55.9
53.4
51.0
69 .8
66 .7
63. 8
77. 1
73.6
70.4
92.8
88 .4
84.4
110.3
10 4.8
99.9
~
'
!'-
r-

6.4
6.6
37 .5
35 .8
48.9
46.9
61.1
58.7
67.5
64. 8
80.9
77.6
9 5. 5
91.6
"i
m
o
6.9 34.2 45.0 56. 4 6 2.3 74. 6 88 .0 ~
~
7. 1 4 3.2 54.3 60.0 71.8 84.6
7.4 41.5 52 .3
:
57.8 69. 2 81.6
7.6 39.9 50.4 55.8 66 .8 78.7
"-
8
7.9 38.4 48.7 53.8 64.6 76.1 3
8.1 37 .0 47 .0 52 .0 62.5 73.6
8 .4 45.4 50.3 60.5 71. 3
8. 6 43.9 48.7 58 .6 69.1
8.9 4 2.4 4 7.2 56.8 67.0
9.1 41.1 45.7 55.1 65 .1
9.4 39.7 44.3 53.S 63 .2
9.7 4 2.9 52.0 61. 5

9.9 41.6 50.5 59.8


10.2 40.3 49. 1 58.2
10.4 47 .7 56.6
10.7 46.4 55. 2
10.9 4S. 1 53.7
11.2 43 .9 52.4

11.4 51. 1
11. 7 49.8
11.9 48. 6
12.2 47.4
12.4 46.2
12 .7 45.1

17
Copyright 2012 by thc American Sociery ofMcchanical Enginccrs. ~
No rcproduction may be rnadc of this material without written ccn sem of ASM E. ~
ZO
oiJ
c-~
,
grO
ASME 83 1G20 12
'.
.i!
,~

153
8.5
1::: :::l.

Table 3-6 Val"es of L for Pipe Sizes ;, NPS 24 and < NPS 30 ''''-
O :c
0 0
o~
Wall Thickness, t. in. 'oro
;;
eoth ,
d. in. 0.250 0.3 12 0.375 0.438 0.469 0.500 0.562 0.625 ,-
.~

00

0.03 10 .9 7 No ll mit No Hmit No iimit No Hmtt No limit No Iimit No limit ~~


00
0 0
0.04 10 .97 1 2.2 6 13 .44 No umt No limit No Hmlt No lmil No limit sr'<
0.05 7.34 12 .26 13.44 14.53 15.03 15.52 No li mil No llmit ,,0
.c
0.06 5.08 9.07 13.44 14. 53 1 5.0 3 15.52 16 .4 5 No mtt 3.?
0.07 4.0 1 6.41 10.83 14.53 1 5.0 3 ~:::l
15. 52 16 .4 5 17.35
0 .08 5. 10
00
3.37 7.77 12. 51 1 5.0 3 1 5.52 16.4 5 17.35 ~o
~

9S
0.09
0.10
2.93
2.6 1
4.30
3.7 6
6.22
5. 27
9.12
7.3 5
11.19
8.70
14 .0 2
10 .38
16.4 5
1 5.4 7
17.35
17.3 5 "'&~,.
0. 11 2.3 5 3.35 4.6 1 6.2 4 7.24 8.43 11.6 2 16.96 c .
0 .12 2. 1S 3.04 4. 13 5.48 6.28 7. 19 [~
9. 50 12.90
0.13 1.98 2.7 9 3.7 5 4.9 1 5.58 6.3 2 8.13 10. 60
cro
~ ,

--< ~
0.14 1.8 3 2.57 3.4 5 4.47 5.04 5.68 7. 17 9.1 0 5"2
0. 15
0. 16
1. 70
1.5 9
2.39
2. 24
3. 19
2.98
4.11
3.82
4.6 2
4.27
5.1 7
4.77
6.44
5.88
8. 04
7.2 4
3"
~.
oro
o ~-

0. 17 1.4 9 2.10 2.79 3.57 3.98 4.43 5.43 6 .6 1 :o c


.~

0. 18 1.39 1.98 2.63 3.35 3.74 4.15 S.OS 6.11


o
bg
0 .19 1. 31 1. 87 2.4 9 3.16 3. 52 3.90 4. 73 5.69 ~:~
0. 20 1.23 1.77 2.3 6 2.99 3.3 3 3.69 4.45 5.3 3 en
g
0 .21 1.68 2.24 2.85 3. 16 3.50 4.21 5.02 o
0 .22
0 .23
1.59
1.51
2.13
2.03
2.71
2.59
3.01
2.88
3.33
3.17
4 .00
3.81
4.76
4.52
E
r
r
0 .24 1.44 1.94 2.48 2.7 5 3.04 3.64 4 .31
0.25
0.26
1.8 6
1. 78
2.37
2.28
2.6 4
2.53
2.91
2.7 9
3. 49
3.35
4.1 2
3.95
"
~
e
0.27
0. 28
0.29
1.71
1.64
1. 57
2. 19
2.10
2.02
2.43
2.34
2. 26
2.6 9
2.59
2.4 9
3.22
3. 10
2.99
3.79
3.65
3. 52
"
o
;;
g
!R
0 .30 1.51 1.9 5 2.1 7 2.40 2.88 3.39 8
0.3 1 1.8 8 2.10 2.32 2.7 8 3.28 3
0.32 1.81 2.0 3 2.24 2.6 9 3. 17

0 .33 1.75 1.96 2. 17 2.6 1 3.07


0 .34 1.69 1.89 2.10 2. 53 2.98
0.35 1.6 3 1.83 2.0 3 2.45 2.8 9
0.3 6 1.77 1.97 2.3 8 2.81
0.37 1. 71 1.91 2.31 2.73
0.38 1.8 5 2.24 2.65

0.39 1.79 2.1 8 2.58


0.4 0 1. 74 2.12 2.51
0 .4 1 2.0 6 2.44
0.4 2 2.00 2.38
0 .4 3 1. 9 5 2.32
0.44 1.89 2.26

0 .45 2.20
0.46 2.1S
0 .4 7 2.09
0.4 8 2.0 4
0. 4 9 1.99
0.50 1.94

18
Copyright 2012 by the American Society of Mechanical Engincers . ~
No rcprcd uction may be made of this material without wn ttcn conse nt uf ASM E. ~
ZO
o.g
-~
e"
:leC

ASME 8 31G201 2
""
0 -
~~
-!l3
&.*
eo
11'0
lable 3-6M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;, 610 mm and < 762 mm 0 .0. O=c
o~ ~
00

Depth,
d, mm

0. 8
1.0
6.4

278 .7
278.7
7.9

No lirnit
3 11.4
9.5

No Iimit
34 1.4
Wall Thickness, t, mm
11. 1

No Hmit
No limit
11. 9

No limil
No li mit
12.7

No Hmit
No umrt
14.3

No Hmtt
No Hmrt
15.9

No mtt
No limil
.-
.Q

0
~~
00
"'o
-~
v,
1.3 186.5 311.4 341.4 368 .9 381.8 39 4.2 No limit No limil ~o
.e
1.5
1.8
129. 1
10 2.0
230.5
16 2.8
34 1.4
275.0
368.9
368.9
381.8
38 1.8
394 .2
394.2
4 17.9
4 17.9
No Imil
440.7
">
3_
;:;;::l
0QO
0
2.0 8 5.6 12 9.6 197.4 317.8 381.8 394. 2 417.9 440.7

2.3 74.5 109.3 158.1 231.6 284 .2 356. 2 41 7.9 440.7 '"
~
133. 9 18 6.7 221.0 263 .8 440.7 ~f"
2.5 66.2 9 5.5 392. 9 O'~
2.8 59.8 8 5.2 11 7.2 158. 6 184.0 214 .1 295 .2 430. 9 5.6
3.0 54.5 77. 2 104.9 139.1 159.4 182 .6 241.2 32 7.6 il.,.
~ O"
3.3 50 .2 70 .8 9 5.3 124.7 141.6 160.6 206.5 26 9.1
.5"g
., ='
~ "

3.6

3.8
4 6.4

4 3.2
65. 4

60.8
87.5

81.1
113 .5

104.4
128.1

117.3
144.2

131.4
182 .0

163.7
23 1.1

204. 1
_.
3.
s ~.
'.1
4.3
4.6
' .8
40.3
37.7
35.4
33.2
56.9
53.4
50.3
47.5
75. 6
70.9
66.8
63.1
96.9
90.6
85.1
80.3
108 .5
101. 2
94.9
89 .4
12 1.1
112.5
105.3
99 .1
149.4
137.8
128.2
120.1
18 3.8
167.9
155.1
144.4
.-
;Oc
ce
~g
:::.~
5.1 31.2 44.9 59.8 76.1 84 .6 93.6 113.1 135.4 V>
o
5.3 42 .6 56.9 72.3 80 .4 88.8 10 7.0 127.6
a
5.6 40.5 54. 2 68.8 76 .5 84. 5 10 1.6 120. 8 ~
5.8 38.5 51.7 65 .7 73 .0 80.6 9 6.8 11 4 .8 r-
r-
6.1 36.6 4 9.4
4 7.2
62.9
60 .3
69.9
6 7.0
77 .1
73 .9
92 .5 10 9. 5
104 .7
."
~
6.' 88.6
6.6 4 5.2 57.8 64 .3 71.0 8 5.0 100 .3
o
-"
6.9 4 3.3 5 5.5 61.8 68.2 8 1.7 96.3 n
7. 1 41. 5 53.4 59. 5 65.7 78.7 92.7
-
7.' 39.9 51.4 57.3 6 3.3 75.8 89.3 ~
7.6 38.3 49.5 5 5.2 61.1 73.2 86.2 o
o
7.9 47.7 53.3 59.0 70.7 83.3 3
8 .1 46.1 51.5 57.0 68.4 80.6

8 .' 44 .4 49.7 55.1 66.2 78.1


8. 6 4 2.9 48.1 53.3 64.2 75.7
8.9 41.4 46 .5 51.7 62.2 73. 4
9.1 4 5.0 50.0 60. 4 71.3
9.4 4 3.5 48. 5 58 .6 69. 3
9 .7 47 .0 56.9 67 .3

9.9 45 .6 55 .3 65.5
10.2 44.2 53.7 63.7
10. 4 52.2 6 2.0
10.7 50.8 60.4
10.9 49.4 58.9
11.2 48.1 57.4

11.4 55.9
11.7 54.5
11.9 53 .2
12.2 51.9
12.4 50.6
12.7 49.4

19

Copyright 20 12 by the American Societ y of Mcchanical Engineers. ~


No reprodllction may be made of this material withou t writtcn cansent {l f ASME. ~
zO
o.g
-~
. :l.

ffi%
A5ME B31G -2Q12 ~ll.
~3
8.~
co
D.~
Table 3-7 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;, NPS 30 and < NPS 36 0 :0
0 0
0
0
Dept h,
Wall Thick ness, t, in.
~"
00
00
d, in. 0.250 0.312 0.37 5 0.438 0.5 00 0.625 0.688 -
00

0.03 12 .27 No tirnit No limit No limit No Iimit No limit No limit ~~


00
~o
0.04 12.27 13.71 15.03 No Hmit No tl mit No lirnit No limit .,<
0.05 8.21 13.71 15.03 16.24 17.35 No lirnit No lim it u O
OC
0.06 5.68 10.14 15 .03 16.24 17.35 No limit No lirnit
3.?'
;::;::1
0.07 4.49 7.17 12 .10 16 .24 17.35 19.40 20.35
00
00
0.08 3.77 5.70 8 .69 13.99 17.35 19.40 20.35 ~
0
0.09 3.28 4.81 6.96 10.19 15 .68 19.40 20.35 ::
0.10 2.91 4 .20 5.89 8.22 11.61 19 .40 20.35 6'~
c,
0.11 2.63 3.75 5.16 6.98 9.42 18 .97 20.35
6.12 8.04 14 .42 20.35
[~
0.12 2.40 3.40 4.62
cra'
0.13 2.21 3.11 4.19 5.49 7.07 11.85 15.82 ~~

-e
~o
0
0.14 2.04 2.88 3.85 5.00 6.35 10.17 13.07 0

0.15 1.90 2.68 3.57 4.60 5.78 8.98 11.25 3"


~o
00
0.16 1.77 2.50 3.33 4.27 5.33 8.09 9.96 o,"
;Oc
0.17 1.66 2.35 3.12 3.99 4.95 7.39 8.98 om
C O
0.18 1.56 2.21 2.94 3.75 4.63 6.83 8.21 !ig
0.19 1.46 2.09 2.78 3.53 4.36 6.36 7.59 ~~
<n
7.07 o
0 .20 1.38 1. 98 2.63 3.35 4.12 5.96 o
0 .21 1.88 2. 50 3.18 3.91 5.62 6.63 ?
0.22 1.78 2.38
2.27
3.03
2.89
3.72
3.55
5.32
5.05
6.26
5.93
E
r-
0.23 1.69 r
0.24 1.61 2.17 2.77 3.39 4.82 5.64
0.25 2.08

1.9 9
2.65

2.5 4
3.25

3.12
4.61

4 .42
5.38

5.15
"~
0.26
1.91 2.44 3.00 4.24 4 .94
oo
0.27 ~

0 .28
0 .29
1.83
1.75
2.35
2. 26
2.89
2.79
4.08
3.93
4.74
4.57 ~
!!.
0.30 1 .68 2.18 2.69 3.80 4.41 o
o
0.31 2.10 2.60 3.67 4.26 3
0.32 2.03 2.51 3.55 4 .12
0.33 1.96 2.43 3.44 3.99
0.34 1.89 2.35 3.33 3.86
0.35 1.82 2.27 3.23 3.75
0.36 2.20 3 .14 3.64
0.37 2.13 3.05 3.54

0.38 2.07 2.96 3.44


0.39 2.01 2.88 3.35
0 .40 1.94 2.81 3.26
0.41 2.73 3.18
0.42 2.66 3.10
0 .43 2.59 3.02

0. 44 2.53 2.95
0. 45 2.46 2.87
0.46 2.40 2.81
0.47 2.34 2.74
0.48 2.28 2.68
0.49 2.23 2.62

0.50 2.17 2.56


0. 51 2.50
0 .52 2.44
0.53 2.39
0 .54 2.33
0 .55 2.28

20
Copyright 2012 by thc America n Society of Mcchamcal Engine ers. ~
No reproduction may be madc ofthis material without writte n consent of ASME . 9W
ZO
o.g
-~
~~.
~~
0 -
A5ME B31G2012 ~il.
.g3
ari
co
~S:!.
Table 3-7M Values 01 L lor Pipe 5izes ;, 762 mm and < 914 mm 0.0. o:
0 0

Wall rhlckne ss. t. mm


o
-~
Depth, o.
d, mm 6.4 7.9 9.5 11. 1 12. 7 15.9 17.5 ~~
00
0.8 311.6 No limil No limit No Hmit No lmil No li mit No lim it ~~
1.0 311.6 34 8. 1 38 1.7 No limit No limil No Hmt No limit "
o,
a'<
1.3 208. 5 348. 1 381.7 412 .5 440.7 No urmt No limit ,,0
OC
1.5 144.3 257.7 38 1.7 412 .5 440.7 No limit No limit
1.8 114.0 18 2.0 30 7.4 4 12 .5 44 0.7
3.?
;::+='
492.7 517.0
<>0.,0
2.0 95.7 144.9 220.7 355. 3 440.7 492 .7 517.0 ~
g~
2.3 83 .2 122 .2 176 .8 25 8.9 398 .2 492.7 517.0
2.5 74.0 106.7 149.7 208.7 294.9 492,7 517.0 ~f'"
0';::;
2.8 66.8 95.3 131.0 177.3 239 .3 481 .8 517.0 "-6
3.0 61. 0 86.3 11 7.2 15 5.6 204.1 366.3 517.0 il.~
3.3 56.1 79.1 106.5 139.4 179.5 300.9 401. 9
cro
~-
... ='
3.6 51.9 73 .1 9 7.8 126 .9 161. 2 25 8.4 331.9 5"S
3~
3.8
4.1
48.3
4 5.1
68.0
63 .6
90.6
84 .6
116 .8
108.4
146.9
135 .4
22 8. 2
205 .5
285 .8
252.9

g :.
"c
4.3 42 .2 59.7 79. 3 101. 3 125.8 187 .8 228.1
CO
4.6 39.6 56.2 74.7 9 5.1 117.7 173.4 208.6 <>0
-,
4.8 37.1 53. 1 70.6 89 .8 110.8 161. 5 192 .8 ~~

'",
5.1 34. 9 50.3 66 .9 85.0 104 .7 151. 3 179.6 o
5.3 47.7 63. 6 80.8 99.3 142 .7 168.5 ~

5.6
5.8
45.2
43.0
60.6
57.8
77 .0
73 .5
94 .5
90. 2
135.1
128 .4
158.9
150.6
E
r-
r
6. 1 40.9 55.2 70. 3 86.2 122 .4 14 3.2
6.4 52.8 67.4 82.6 117.0 136 .6 "~
6.6 50.6 64.6 79. 3 11 2.2 130.7
6.9 48.4 62. 1 76.3 107 .7 12 5.4
<>o
~

7.1
7.4
46.5
44.6
59.7
57. 5
73. 4
70.8
10 3.6
99.9
120.5
116 .0 '"
;;
!<
7.6 4 2.8 55.4 68 .3 96.4 111. 9
8
7.9 53.4 65 .9 9 3.2 108 .1 3
8.1 51.5 63.7 90. 1 104.5
8.4 4 9.7 61.6 87 .3 101.2
8.6 48 .0 59.6 84.6 98.1
8.9 46 .3 57.7 82. 1 9 5.2
9.1 55.9 79.7 92.5
9.4 54. 2 77. 4 89 .8

9.7 52.5 75.3 87. 4


9.9 50 .9 73.2 85 .0
10.2 49.4 71. 3 82.8
10.4 69.4 80.7
10.7 67 .6 78.6
10.9 65 .8 76.7
11.2 64 .2 74.8
11.4 6 25 73 .0
11. 7 61.0 71.3
11.9 59.5 69 .6
12. 2 58 .0 68. 0
12.4 56.6 66. 4

12.7 55 .2 64.9
13.0 63.5
13.2 62. 0
13.5 60. 6
13.7 59. 3
14.0 58 .0

21
Cop yright e 20 12 by the Am erican Socicty of Mcc hanica l Eng ineers. ~
No rcp roduc tio n may be ma dc ofthis m ater ial w itho ul written consem uf AS ME . ~
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(12) rabIe 3-8 Values of L for Pipe Sizes '" NPS 36 and < NPS 42 o"""

.-
0 0
o~
epth, WaLL Thickness, r, in. ~oo
om
m~
d, in. 0.250 0.281 0.312 0.375 0.406 0.469 0 .562 0.688 0
0
0.03 13. 44 14.25 No limit No umtt No mtt No limit No limit No limit ~.~
00
~o
0.04 13.44 14.25 15.01 16.46 No limit No lirnit No Hmtt No limit '<
0.05 8.99 13.40 15.01 16.46 17.13 18.41 No Hmtt No limit ,,0
mC
0.06 6.22 8.22 11.11 16.46 17 .13 18.41 20 .15 No limit
0.07 4.92 6.21 7.85 13.26 17 .13 18.41
3.?'
;::;::J
20.15 22.30
00
~o
0.08 4.13 5.09 6.25 9.52 11 .89 18.41 20.15 22.30 N
0.09 3.59 437 5.27 7.62 9.16 13.70 20.15 22.30 gS
0.10 3.19 3.86 4.60 6.46 7.60 10.66 18.94 22.30 ~f'
c::::;
0.11 2.88 3.47 4.11 5.6 5 6.56 8 .87 14.23 22.30 So
[~
0 .12 2.63 3.15 3.72 5.06 5.82 7.69 11 .63 22.30
0.13 2.42 2.90 3.41 4.59 5.26 6.83 9.95 17.33
cro
~~
-;~

0. 14 2.24 2.68 3.15 4.22 4.81 6 .18 8 .78 14.3 1


sg
30:
0 .15 2.08 2.50 2.93 3.91 4.44 5.66 7.8 9 12.33 000
om
o oo
0 .16 1.94 2.33 2.74 3.65 4.13 5.23 7.20 10.91
0.17 1.82 2. 19 2.57 3.42 3.87 4.88 6.65 9.84 "C
o~
cm
0.18 1.71 2.06 2.42 3.22 3.6 4 4.58 6 .18 9 .00 iD5
0.19 1.60 1.94 2.29 3.04 3.44 4.31 5.79 8.31 ~~
.-
(f>
0.20 1.51 1.83 2.17 2.89 3.26 4.08 5.45 7.7 5 o
0.21 1.73 2.06 2.74 3.10 3.87 5.16 7. 27 :
0.22
0.23
1. 64 1.95
1.85
2.61
2.49
2.95
2.82
3.69
3.52
4.90
4.67
6.85
6.49
E
r-'
r
0.24 1. 76 2.38 2.70 3.37 4 .46 6.18
0.25

0.26
2.28
2.18
2.58

2.48
3.23

3.10
4.27

4.10
5.89
5.64
"~
0 .27 2.09 2.38 2.98 3 .94 5.41
o
n
0.28 2.00 2.28 2.87 3.79 5.20 [
0 .29
0.30
1.92
1.84
2.19
2.11
2.76
2.66
3.66
3.53
5.00
4 .83 "o
!'.
e
0.31 2.03 2.57 3.41 4 .66 3
0.32 1.95 2.48 3.30 4. 51
0.33 2.40 3.19 4.37
0.34 2.32 3.09 4 .23
0.35 2.24 3.00 4.11
0.36 2.17 2.91 3.99
0.37 2.10 2.83 3.87

0 .38 2.74 3.77


0.39 2.67 3 .67
0.40 2.59 3.5 7
0.41 2.52 3.48
0.42 2.45 3.39
0.43 2.38 3.31

0.4 4 2.32 3.23


0.45 3.15
0.46 3.07
0 .4 7 3.00
0.48 2.93
0.49 2.87

0.50 2.80
0.51 2.74
0.52 2.68
0.53 2.62
0.54 2.56
0.55 2.50

22
Copyright 2012 by the American Society ofMechanical Engineers. ~
No rcproduction may be marle ofthis material without written consen t of ASME. ~
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Table 3-8M Values of L for Pipe 5izes " 914 mm and < 1 066 mm 0 .0. (12) 0=
, 0

Wall thtckness. t. mm Q~
Depth, ' 0
d, mm 6.' 7.1 7.9 9.5 10.3 11.9 14.3 17.5 ~~
0 0
"~w
o
0.8 341. 4 36 1.9 No Hmtt No mlt No limit No mt t No li mil No limit
1.0 341.4 36 1.9 38 1.4 41 8. 1 No Hmtt No limit No li mit No limit "
o,
s-
1. 3 228.4 340.2 38 1.4 41 8.1 435 .0 467.6 No limit No ttrnlt ~O
0 0
1.5 158.1 208.9 282.3 418 .1 43 5.0 467.6 511.8 No limit 3.?
;:::;;;:)
1.8 124.9 157.6 199.4 336.8 435 .0 467 .6 511.8 566.3
00
0.,
2.0 104.9 129.4 158 .7 241. 7 302 .1 467 .6 51 1.8 566.3 N
0 0
2.3 91.2 111.0 133.9 19 3.6 23 2.8 348. 1 511.8 566.3 ~'~
2.5 81.1 98. 0 116.9 164.0 193.0 270.6 481.2 566.3
~N
2.8 73.2 88.0 104.3 143. 5 166.7 225.4 361.6 566.3 =-6
3.0 66 .8 80.1 94.6 128.4 147.9 195.2 29 5.4 566 .3 :l.~
~O
3.3 61. 4 73 .6 86. 7 116.7 133 .5 173 . 5 252.9 440 .2 ~"
--<~

3.6 56.9 68. 1 80. 1 10 7.2 122. 1 156.9 222.9 36 3.6 5"2
3.8 52. 9 6 3.4 74.5 99.3 112.8 143.7 200.5 313 .1 3"
wo
'. 1 4 9.4 59.3 69 .6 92 .6 105. 0 13 2.9 183.0 277. 1 s:.
;00
4.3 46.2 55.6 65.4 86.9 98.3 123.9 168.8 249.9 ow
00
4.6 4 3.3 52.3 6 1.6 81.8 92 .5 116. 2 157.0 228.5
~g
4.8 40.7 49.3 58.2 77.3 87 .4 109.5 147.1 211.2 ~~
en
o
5.1 38.3 46.5 55.1 73.3 8 2.8 10 3.6 138.5 196.8 s
98 .4 13 1.1 184.6
5.3
5.6
5.8
44.0
4 1.6
52 .2
49.6
47.1
69.7
66 .3
6 3.3
78.7
75.0
71.6
93.7
8 9.5
124.5
118 .6
174.1
164 .9
"
~
r-
r-
6. 1 44.8 60.5 68. 5 85 .6 113.3 156 .9 p
57.8 65 .6 82.0 108.5 149.7
~
6.'
6.6 55.4 62.9 78.7 104 .1 143.2
6 .9 53.1 60.3 75.7 100. 1 137.3
oo
tr
50.9 58.0 72.8 96 .3 132.0 w
7.1
7.' 48.8 55.7 70. 2 92.9 127.1 i
!!'
7.6 4 6.9 53.6 67.7 89.6 122 .6
118 .4
oo
7.9 51.6 65.3 86.6 3

8.1 49.7 63.0 83.8 114.5


8.' 60.9 81.1 110 .9
8.6 58. 9 78.6 10 7.5
8.9 56. 9 76.2 104 .3
9.1 55.1 73.9 101. 3
9.' 53.3 71.8 98.4

9.7 69.7 95.7


9.9 67 .7 93.2
10.2 65 .8 90.7
10.4 64. 0 88.4
10.7 62.2 86.1
10.9 60.5 84.0

11.2 58.9 82.0


11.4 80.0
11.7 78.1
11.9 76.3
12.2 74.5
12.4 72.8

12.7 71.1
13.0 69 .5
13 .2 68 .0
13. 5 66.4
13.7 65.0
14.0 63.5

23
Copyright 2012 by the American Socic ty of'Mechanical Enginccrs . ~
No rcprodu ction may be made ofthis mate rial without written consen t o f AS ME. W
l able 3-9 Values 01 L lor Pipe Sizes <: NPS 42 and < NPS 48
Wall Thickness, t, in.
e pt h.
d. In. 0. 344 0.406 0.438 0.469 0.500 0.562 0.62 5 0.688 0.7 50 0. 812 0.8 75 0.938 1.000 1.06 2 1. 125 1.188 1.250

0.03 No Hm it No limi! No limit No limit No Hrmt No limil No limil No limil No limil No limit No limit No limit No Hmtt No limit No brnlt No Hmtt No limit
0.04 17.03 No urmt No limit No Hmtt No limit No Hmit No limil No limit No limil No timil No limil No limil No limit No limit No umtt No Hmit No limil
0.0 5 17.0 3 18.50 19.21 19.88 20. 53 No limit No ll mit No llmlt No Hmit No mtt No Hmt No Hmtt No limit No limit No limil No Iimil No Hmft
0.06 17.03 18. 50 19.21 19.88 20.5 3 21, 77 No limil No limit No limit No mtt No limi t No limi t No limlt No ltmit No Hmlt No limit No limit
"2 0.0 7 10.93 18. 50 19.21 19.8 8 20.53 21.77 22. 95 24.08 No limit No limil No Hmit No limil No limil No Hrntt No Hmit No limil No limil
; I'"J
"8.;;
o 0.08 8.3 3 12.8 5 16 .55 19.88 20.5 3 21 .77 22.95 24.08 25.1 4 No limil No timit No limit No limit No Iimil No limit No lirnit No timit
o 0.09 6.87 9.90 12.06 14.80 18 .55 21.77 22.95 24.08 25.14 26.16 27.1 6 No Iimit No limil No Hmit No limit No llmit No mtt
e_. rr._ '
!l ~ 0.10 5.92 8. 21 9.72 11. 51 13.74 20.46 22.95 24.08 25.14 26. 16 27.16 28.12 29.0 3 No limit No limit No limit No Hmit
22,44 24.08 25.14 27,16 29.03 No Hmtt
3" @
~
0.11
0.1 2
5.24
4.72
7.09
6.29
8.26
7.25
9.58
8.30
11. 15
9.5 1
15 .37
12. 56 17.06 24.08 25.14
26. 16
26. 16 27.16
28.12
28.12 29.03
29.9 2
29.92 30.79
No limit
31.6 5
No Hml t
No lirnit
-c o
". -
o ~ 0.13 4.31 5.68 6.50 7.38 8.3 6 10 .7 5 14,0 2 18,72 25 .14 26 .16 27,16 28,12 29.03 29.92 30 .79 31.6 5 3 2.46
-"
" -e
~ ;.
0.14
0.1 5
3.9 7
3.69
5.19
4.80
5.9 1
5.44
6.6 7
6.11
7.51
6.84
9,4 8
8 .53
12.04
10.6 3
15.46
13.32
20.2 5
16.82
26.16
21. 75
27.16
27,16
28 .12
28.12
29.03
29.03
29.9 2
29.92
30.79
30.79
31.65
31.65
32 .4 6
32.46
r. o
s, > 0.16
0.1 7
3.44
3.23
4.47
4. 18
5.0 5
4.72
5.65
5.27
6.31
5.86
7.78
7.18
9.57
8.7 5
11. 78
10.6 3
14. 54
12.89
18.17
15.7 5
23 .31
19.56
28,12
24.84
29.0 3
29.03
29.92
29.92
30.79
30.79
31.6 5
31.65
32.46
32.46 ,.
~

~3 8. 0. 18 3.0 5 3.9 3 4.4 3 4.9 4 5.48 6.6 8 8 .08 9.72 11.65 14.00 17.00 20.93 26.23 29 ,9 2 30.79 31.6 5 32.46
m
~
:;
~ ~I ~ 0.19 2.88 3.72 4.18 4.66 5.16 6.26 7.52 8.9 8 10.66 12.66 15.14 18. 25 22.22 27.60 30.79 31.65 32.46
g '"
~
~. 0.20 2.73 3.52 3.96 4.41 4.88 5.89 7.05 8.37 9.8 6 11.60 13.71 16.2 8 19.43 23 .48 29.04 31.6 5 32 .46
; ~..
~. '<
0.2 1 2.59 3.3 5 3.76 4,18 4.6 3 5.57 6.65 7.85 9. 20 10.74 12.58 14.76 17.36 20.59 24.80 30.45 32 .46 ~

e~ c
_ 0.22 2.46 3.19 3.59 3.99 4.40 5.29 6.29 7.40 8.63 10.0 3 11.6 5 13.55 15.7 7 18.44 21.80 26.11 31. 74
s ;:: 0.23 2.35 3.05 3.4 2 3.80 4.2 0 5.04 5.98 7.0 1 8.15 9.42 10.88 12. 56 14.4 9 16.7 7 19.56 n oo 27.32
~. g. 0.2 4 2.24 2.91 3.27 3.64 4.02 4.8 2 5.70 6.6 7 7.72 8.89 10.23 11.74 13.4 5 15.4 3 17.81 20.6 7 24.13
8;:
:;.
0.2 5 2.14 2.79 3.14 3.49 3.8 5 4.61 5.45 6.36 7.3 5 8 .43 9.6 6 11.04 12. 57 14.33 16 .40 18.84 21.72
0.26 2.04 2.67 3.0 1 3.35 3,70 4.43 5,22 6.09 7.02 8 .03 9.17 10.4 3 11.83 13 .40 15.24 17.36 19 .8 2
o -"
r,
0.27 1.9 5 2.57 2.89 3.22 3.55 4.25 5.02 5.84 6.7 2 7.67 8.73 9.90 11.1 8 12.62 14.26 16.15 18. 29
; g"l
-- ,"
g
e
lB.
ro
0. 28

0.29
2.46
2.37
2.78

2.68
3.10
2,98
3,4 2

3.30
4.10

3.95
4.83

4.6 5
5.61
5.40
6.45

6.20
7,3 5

7.0 5
8.3 4
7.99
9.43
9.02
10.6 2

10.12
11.9 3

11. 34
13.43

12.71
15.12
14.25
17. 02
15.95
> i! 0.30 2.28 2.58 2.88 3.18 3.8 1 4.49 5.21 5.97 6.79 7.68 8 .64 9.68 10.8 1 12.08 13.49 15.0 3
'"
z 0.3 1 2.19 2,49 2.78 3.07 3.68 4.34 5.04 5.76 6. 54 7.39 8.30 9.28 10,34 11.52 12,82 14.24
t" 0.32 2.11 2.40 2,68 2.97 3.56 4.20 4.87 5.57 6.32 7.13 8 .00 8.92 9,92 11.0 2 12.23 13. 54
0.33 2.31 2.59 2.87 3.45 4.0 7 4.72 5.39 6.11 6.88 7.71 8. 59 9.53 10.57 11.70 1 2.92
&<:1. 0.34 2.23 2.50 2.78 3.34 3.94 4.57 5.22 5.91 6.66 7,45 8.29 9. 18 10.17 11.23 12.37
Illi'
0.3 5 2.16 2.42 2.69 3.24 3.82 4.4 3 5.07 5.73 6.45 7.21 8 .01 8.87 9.80 10.80 1 1.87
0.36 2,34 2.61 3.14 3.71 4.31 4.92 5.56 6.26 6,99 7.76 8 .5 7 9.46 10.41 11. 42
0.37 2,27 2.52 3.05 3.6 1 4.19 4.78 5.41 6.0 7 6. 78 7. 52 8.30 9.15 10.0 5 11 .01
0.38 2.45 2.96 3.51 4.0 7 4.65 5,26 5,90 6.59 7.30 8 .05 8 .86 9.73 10 .64
0.39 2.37 2.88 3.41 3.96 4.53 5.12 5.74 6.40 7.09 7,81 8 .59 9.42 10 .29
0.40 2.30 2.80 3.32 3.86 4.41 4.98 5. 59 6.23 6.90 7.59 8 .34 9.14 9.9 7

wO:naSJIS4::>arMMM ':::>11 (::>!ll\USI:JS ) SJ9)n9 c UOSW041 q pal nq lJ1S1a 'peuuured S! BUI>jJOMI9 U JO UOI\::ln po Jd aJ Ja4pnJ ON
',(IUO esn S,aaSU8::>11 JOJ vO U V ~ O Z uo u 'VJna ,(uue a 01 pas ua3!I IB!JaI8W peI4Bp,(do:::>
Table 3-9 Va lues 01 L lor Pipe Sizes ;, NPS 42 and < NPS 48 (Conl'd)
Wall Thickness, t, in,
epth,
d. in. 0.344 0.40 6 0.438 0.469 0 .500 0 .562 0.625 0.688 0.750 0.81 2 0.875 0.938 1.0 00 1.062 1. 12 5 1.188 1.250

7- 0. 41 2.72 3.13 3.76 4.30 4.86 5.45 6.0 7 6.71 7.39 8.11 8.88 9.67
o 0. 42 2.6 5 3. 15 3.66 4.19 4.7 4 5.3 1 5.92 6.5 4 7.19 7.89 8.63 9.40
n 0 .43 2.57 3.0 7 3.57 4.09 4.6 2 5.18 5.77 6.38 7.01 7.69 8.4 0 9. 14
"g.:: o 0.44 2. 50 2.99 3.49 3.99 4.5 1 5.06 5.64 6 .22 6.84 7.50 8. 18 8.90
ef": q::
a. 0. 45 2.9 1 3.40 3.90 4.4 1 4.95 5.50 6.08 6.68 7.3 1 7.98 8.67
g. :=; 0 .46 2.84 3.32 3.81 4.3 1 4.83 5.38 5.9 4 6. 52 7.14 7.79 8.46
~ @ 0 .47 2.77 3.2 4 3.7 2 4.21 4.7 3 5.26 5.81 6.38 6.98 7.61 8.2 5
"
<e N
O
0 .48 2.70 3.1 7 3.64 4.12 4. 62 5.1 5 5.68 6.2 4 6.82 7.43 8.0 6
0"'j3
O 2.64 3.09 3.56 4.03 4.52 5.04 5.56 6. 10 6 .6 7 7.27 7.88
0. 49
3~ 0 .50 2.57 3.0 2 3.48 3.94 4.43 4 .93 5.4 4 5.97 6. 53 7. 11 7.7 1
~& 2.96 3.40 3.86 4.34 4. 83 5.33 5.85 6 .40 6.96 7.55
OO 0.5 1
s. " 0 .52 2.89 3.33 3.78 4.25 4.73 5.23 5.73 6 .27 6.82 7.39
-' 3
r 3. 0 .53 2.83 3.26 3.70 4.17 4. 64 5. 12 5.62 6.14 6.6 9 7.2 4 ,;
3 &i 0 .54 2.76 3.19 3.63 4.08 4.55 5.02 5.5 1 6.03 6.56 7.10 ;:
" o m
;; V> 0. 55 2.70 3.11 3.56 4.00 4.46 4.9 ] 5.4 1 5.91 6.43 6.96 ~
:! . e ~

~
~
S'
~
_ . '<
I Dl 0 .56
0. 57
3.06
3.00
3.49
3.42
3.93
3.85
4.38
4.30
4.8 4
4.7 5
5.3 1
5.2 1
5.80
5.69
6.3 1
6 .19
6.8 3
6.7 0
:o

.
5-0
e
S <:
a . e-
~ 2.
o o
~

~
0.58

0 .59
0 .60
0 .61
2.94

2.88
2.8 2
3.35

3.29
3.22
3.16
3.78

3.7 1
3.64
3.58
4 .22

4. 14
4.0 7
4.0 0
4.66

4.58
4 .50
4.4 2
5.12

5.03
4.94
4. 8 5
5.59

5.49
5.40
5.31
6.0 8

5.98
5.87
5.77
6. 58

6.4 6
6.35
6.2 4
'"
~
N

8 ~ 0. 62 3.10 3.5 1 3.93 4 .34 4 .77 5.22 5.67 6. 14


0. 63 3.04 3.45 3.86 4.27 4.69 5.13 5.58 6 .04
"o '"
o
~ 11.:. 0.64 2.99 3.39 3.79 4.2 0 4.6 1 5.05 5.49 5.9 4
- o
e ~
~
~. " 0 .65
0 .66
3.33
3.27
3.7 3
3.66
4 .13
4 .06
4.54
4.4 7
4.97
4.89
5.40
5.3 2
5.8 4
5.7 5
m
<: 0 .67 3.21 3.60 3.99 4.39 4.8 1 5.23 5.66
0. 68 3.15 3.54 3.93 4.32 4 .73 5.15 5.57
3.10 3.48 3.87 4.26 4 .66 5.07 5.49
~
0.69
0.70 3.04 3.42 3.80 4. 19 4.59 5.00 5.4 1

0.7 1 3.37 3.7 4 4 .13 4.52 4.9 2 5.33


0.72 3.31 3.69 4 .06 4 .45 4.85 5.25
0.73 3. 26 3.63 4.00 4.] 9 4.78 5. 18
0.74 3.21 3.57 3.94 4.32 4.7 1 5. 10
0 .7 5 3. 15 3.52 3.88 4.26 4.64 5.03
0 .76 3.46 3.8 2 4.20 4.58 4.96

' w o::q aaJIS\p aj"MMM ':>11 (:lljIIUal :lS) SJalnac UOSWOl.a q panqUSIO -pemuued SI 6U .~ JOMleu JOucucnpomar J941JnJ ON
' IUO esn seesueou JOj PO-l~ 'P~Ol uo u lVm O '<uuea 01 pe sueoureuerew Dal46udo:>
Jable 3-9 Values 01 L lor Pipe Sizes ;, NPS 42 and < NPS 48 (Conl'd)
~
@ n epth .
Wall Thickness, r, in.
;; e
e -c d. in. 0.344 0.406 0 .438 0.469 O.SOO 0.562 0.625 0.688 0.150 0.81 2 0.87 5 0.93 8 1.0 00 1.062 1.125 1.1 88 1.250
c.~
: :1.
&.
e _ rs- 0.77 3.4 1 3.77 4.14 4.5 1 4.89
~ @ 0 .7 8 3.36 3.71 4 .08 4.45 4.8 2
5 N 0.79 3.30 3.66 4.02 ld9 4.76
~ o
0"- 0.80 3.25 3.60 3.96 4.33 4.69
"3 ~
,'{ 0.8 1 3.5 5 3.91 4.2 7 4.63
0.81 3.50 3.85 4. 21 4.57
6.-;-
o o
g, > 0.8 3 3.4 5 3.80 4.16 4.51
~
~~ 0.84 3.40 3.75 4.10 4.4 5 3:
~
'" ~ . 0.85 3.70 4.0 5 4.39
g
;;;'"
3
" , I o-~
(/.1
0.86 3.6 5
3.60
3.99
3.94
4 .34
z.zs
~

g 0 .8 7
~.

~ a'
o5'
0.88 3.5 5 3.89 4.23
"e
~

0_ 0.89 3.50 3.84 4.1 7


S s: 0.90 3.45 3.79
3.74
4. t 2
4.07
~ g 0.91
::!.e- 0.92 3.69 4.0 2
~ ~
::l" 0.9 3 3.64 3.97
o, "-m 0.94 3.59 3.92
,
"g rt:.
-,
e o
0.95
0.96
3.55 3.87
3.82
>~
V>
0.97 3.77
0.98 3.7l
z
m 0.99 3.68
1.00 3.64

'w o:n aaj Slp ar MMM 'on (:)Ijljuapsl sJa na ~ uosuroqj xq panq!J1S!a "pau!wJad S! 6UIl\JOM6U JO uouonpcioer Ja 4mJ 0N
"1iIUO esn s.eesuecq JO) VO'U' vlOl uo u!vma uuea al oas ueoqr eue ieur pal 46lJhdo:)
Table 39M Values of L for Pipe Slzes ~ 1 066 mm and < 1 219 mm 0 .0 .
Wa ll rhlckness, r, mm
Depth ,
d, mm 8.7 10.3 11.1 11.9 12.7 14.3 15.9 17.5 19.1 20.6 22 ,2 23.8 25.4 27.0 28 .6 30.2 3 1.8

0.8 No limil No Hmt No l imil No limit No limit No limit No limit No limil No limit No limil No lim it No lim il No limit No lim il No limit No Iirmt No llmlt
1.0 432. 5 No Iimit No l imil No Hmtt No limit No limit No limit No li mit No lmlt No Hmtt No limit No limlt No Hmit No Hmit No limit No limit No Hmit
7- No mtt
o 1.3 432.5 46 9.9 488.1 505 .0 521. 5 No li mit No limit No limil No Hmit No limit No limit No rnft No lirnit No limit No Hmit No Hmlt
; ro 1.5 432.5 46 9.9 488.1 505.0 521. 5 55 2.8 No Hrn tt No Hrnit No limit No Iimil No Iimil No Hmlt No Umit No limit No Hmlt No lfmil No Hmtt
-e o
llmlt No Hmlt
8.~
e a.
1.8 277 .7 469.9 488 .1 505.0 521. 5 55 2.8 583.0 61 1.7 No limit No No l imil No Hm No limlt No Hmtt No limi t No Hmit

og, l.
_ 2.0 211.6 326.3 420.4 505 .0 521.5 55 2.8 583.0 61 1.7 638.7 No limit No li mil No li mit No fimit No limit No mtt No Hmft No Hmlt
2.3 174.5 251. 4 306.4 376 .0 4 71 .2 552.8 583 .0 611.7 638.7 664. 5 689.8 No li mil No li mit No llmit No l imil No Hmit No Ilmit
:;E eN
2.5 150.3 208.4 246. 9 29 2.3 348.9 519.7 583.0 611.7 638.7 664.5 689.8 714.2 73 7.5 No llmlt No li mil No lim it No limit
~ O 2.8 133.0 180. 1 209 .8 243 .4 28 3.2 390.5 570. 0 611.7 638.7 664 .5 689 .8 714. 2 737. 5 760 .0 No li mil No l im it No limil

~ ,~
3.0 119.8 159.7 18 4.1 210 .8 241. 5 319.1 433.4 61 1.7 638.7 664 .5 68 9.8 714. 2 737 .5 760.0 782. 2 803.8 No lim it

"o -o
o.~
3.3
3.6
10 9.4
10 0.8
144 .2
13 1.9
16 5.0
150.1
18 7.4
169.4
212.4
190 .7
273. 1
240.8
356 .1
305.7
4 75.5
392.7
638. 7
514.4
664. 5
664. 5
689.8
689.8
714.2
714 .2
737 .5
73 7.5
760 .0
760. 0
782 .2
78 2,2
803 .8
803.8
824. 5
8 24. 5
e > 3.8 93.6 121.9 138.1 155.2 173.8 216.6 270. 0 338. 2 427.3 552.4 689.8 714. 2 737.5 760. 0 78 2.2 803.8 824 .5
::'3
~ o

~. g' 4 .1
4.3
87.5
82 .1
11 3.4
106. 2
128 .1
11 9.8
14 3.6
133.9
160.2
148 .9
197 .6
182 .3
243 .2
222. 2
299 .3
269.9
369.3
327.5
461.4
400.0
592.0
496 .8
714.2
630.8
737. 5
737. 5
760. 0
760. 0
782.2
78 2.2
803 .8
80 3.8
824. 5
824.5 ~
ao V>
o
"
m
4.6 77.3 99.9 112.6 125.5 13 9.3 16 9.6 205.2 246 .8 295.8 355 .5 431.9 531 .7 666.3 760.0 782 .2 80 3.8 8 24.5
o
-
g
_ .
I 'JN
4.8 73. 1 94.4 106.2 118 .3 131.0 158.9 191.0 228.1 270.8 321.6 384.5 46 3.5 564.4 701 .0 782.2 803.8 8 24.5
~

~
89 .5 100 .6 111.9 12 3.8 149.6 179.1 212.6 250. 5 294.8 348.3 4 13.4 49 3.4 596.5 803 .8
"s"
_. ~

5' o
2 5.1 69 .3 73 7.6 8 24 .5
o ~ 5.3 65 .8 85 .0 9 5.6 106 .3 11 7.5 141.6 168 .8 199.4 233.6 272 .9 319.5 374. 9 441.0 523.0 630.0 77 3.6 824. 5 ~
g 3::: 5.6 6 2.6 8 1.0 91.1 10 1. 2 1 11.8 134.4 159.8 188 .1 219.3 254. 7 296.0 344 .2 400. 5 468.4 553.8 663. 1 806.1
a . ge- 5.8 59.6 8 7.0 96 .6 106. 7 128.1 151.9 178 .2 206 .9 239.2 276 .4 319 .1 368 .1 425.9 496.7 584.3 693.8
~
o o
2, 6.1 56.9
77.3
7 4.0 8 3.2 92.4 ] 02.0 122.4 144.8 169.4 196.2 225 .9 259.7 298.2 341.6 391.9 45 2.3 524. 9 612.9
8 e, 6.4 54.3 70 .8 79 .7 88 .6 97 .8 11 7.2 138.5 161.7 186.7 214 .2 245.4 280 .4 319,3 36 3.9 416.5 478.5 551.7
o t-t
o 6.6 51.9 67.9 76. 5 85.0 93.9 112 .4 13 2.7 154.7 178.2 204.0 232.8 26 5.0 300. 4 340. 5 387. 0 441.0 50 3.5
~~
e~o
o
6.9 49.6 65 .2 73.5 81.7 90.2 108.1 127.5 148.3 170.6 194 .8 221.8 25 1.5 284 .0 320 .4 36 2.3 410.1 46 4 .6
7.1 62 .6 70.7 78.7 86.9 10 4.0 122.6 14 2.6 163.7 186.6 211.9 239.6 269.7 303.1 341. 1 384. 1 432 .3
>1"
'"
:
!"
7.4
7.6
60.2
57.9
68.0
6 5.5
75.8
73.1
8 3.7
80 .8
100.3
96.8
118.2
114.1
137 .3
132. 4
157 .4
151.7
179 .1
172.4
203 .0
195.0
22 9.0
219 .5
257. 1
245 .8
288 .0
274.6
322 .8
306.8
361.8
342 .5
405 .2
38 1.9
7.9 55.7 6 3.2 70.5 78.0 93 .6 110 .2 127.9 146.4 166.1 187.7 210 .9 23 5.7 262.6 292. 6 325 .6 36 1.7

~ 8.1 53.6 60 .9 68. 1 75.4 90 . 5 106 .6 123.7 141.5 160.4 181. 0 20 3.1 226.5 251.9 279.9 310 .7 343 .9
8.4 58.8 6 5.8 72.9 8 7.6 10 3.3 11 9.8 136.9 155.1 174.8 19 5.9 218. 2 242.2 268. 6 297.3 328. 2
8.6 56.7 63.6 70. 6 84.9 100.1 116 .1 132.7 150 .2 169.1 18 9.3 210 .5 233.3 258. 2 285.3 314.2
8.9 54. 8 61.5 68. 3 8 2.3 97.1 112 .6 128 .7 14 5.6 16 3.8 18 3.2 203 .5 225.2 248. 9 274 .4 301.6
9.1 59.5 66.2 79.9 94.3 10 9.4 125.0 141. 3 158 .9 177 .5 197 .0 217.7 24 0.3 264 .5 290 .1
9.4 57.6 64.1 77.5 91.6 106 .3 121 .4 137.3 154.3 172.2 190 .9 210. 8 23 2.3 255.4 279.7
9 .7 62 .2 75.3 89. 1 10 3.4 118.1 133 .5 150 .0 16 7.3 18 5.3 204. 4 225.0 24 7.0 270.2
9.9 60. 3 73.1 86 .6 100.6 11 5.0 129.9 145.9 16 2.7 180.1 198.5 21 8 .3 239.3 26 1.4
10.2 58.4 71.1 84.3 98.0 112.0 126.5 142.0 158 .3 17 5.1 192 .9 21 1.9 23 2.1 253.3

'WO:n aaJ1Sll OeI' MMM ':)11 (Olj 1Iual:>S) SJalna~ UOSWOlll ,(q palnqulS!O 'pall!WJ9d S! 6u!'>IJ0M1aU JO uoucnporo er J94 1JnJ 0 N
',(IUO asn seesueoq JOJ vo-U-vWl uo u'vma ,(uuea 01 oesueonreueieur P9146!J,(do:)
ra bie 39M Values of L for Pipe 51zes ;, 1 066 mm and < 1 219 mm 0.0. (Cont'd)
Wall r hlckness, 1, mm
Oepth ,
d. mm 8.7 10.3 11.1 11.9 12 ,7 143 15.9 17.5 19.1 20.6 22.2 23 .8 25.4 27.0 28.6 30. 2 31.8

10.4 69. 1 8 2.1 95.5 109.1 123.3 138.4 154.2 170.5 18 7.7 206. 0 225.5 245.7
10.7 6 7.2 79.9 93.0 106.4 120.3 135.0 150.3 166 .1 18 2.7 200.5 219.2 238.7
~ 10.9 6 5.4 77.9 90.7 10 3.8 11 7.4 131.7 14 6.6 162.0 178. 1 19 5.3 213.4 232. 1
11. 2 63.6 75.9 88.5 10 13 114.6 128.6 14 3.1 158 .1 173.7 190.4 207.9 226 .0
; n
a.f5
o. ~
11. 4
11.7
74.0
72.2
86.4
84.3
99 .0
96 .7
111.9
10 9.4
125.6
122.8
139.8
13 6.6
154 .4
150 .9
169.6
16 5.7
185 .8
18 1.4
20 2.7
19 7.8
220.2
214.8
~ :l .
.
o rg.
_ 11.9 70.4 82.4 94.5 10 6.9 120.0 133 .6 147.5 161.9 177.2 193. 2 209.7

.
"3 e
'<
0" -
~
o
12.2
12.4
12.7
68.6
67.0
65.3
80. 5
78.6
76.8
92 .4
90.3
88.3
104 .6
10 2.3
10 0.2
117.4
114.9
112,~
130.7
127.9
125.3
144.3
141.2
138.3
158.4
155.0
1 ~ 1.7
173.3
169 . 5
16 5.9
188.8
184 .7
180.7
204. 8
200.2
19 5.8
o ~
3 O" 13.0 75. 1 86.4 98. 1 110. 2 122 .7 135.5 148.6 16 2.5 176 .9 191.7
"~
0. -
"2, ,. .- 13.2
13.5
73.4

71.8
84.6

82.8
96.0
94 .1
108.0
1 0 ~ .8
120.3

117.9
132.7

130.1
145.6
14 2.8
159.2

156.1
173.3
169.8
187.7

183.9 (;;
,;. 3 13.7 70.2 81.1 92.2 10 3.7 115 .6 127.6 140.0 153.0 166 .5 180 .2 ;:
;;' 3. 14.0 68.6 79.4 90.3 10 1.7 113.4 125.2 137.4 150.1 163.3 176.8
m
3 ~ ~

!< "Vl I 00~ 14 .2 77.7 88.5 99.8 111.2 122 .9 134.8 147.3 160 .3 173.4 ~
!:;
g 14 .5 76.1 86.8 97.9 109.2 120.6 132.4 14 4.7 157.3 170.2 '"
ir
~~.
14. 7 74.6 85. 1 96 .0 10 7.2 118 .4 130. 0 142 .1 154. 5 167. 1 e'"
~

15.0 73.1 83.5 94 .2 10 5.2 116 .3 127.7 1 39.6 151.8 164.2


o0" 0
~
!'. :: 15. 2 71.6 81.9 92. 5 10 3.3 114.3 12 5.4 137.1 149.1 161. 3
~ g 15.5 80.3 90.8 10 1.5 112.3 123.3 134.8 1'16.6 158 .6
:;. i?" 15.7 78.8 89.2 99.7 110.3 12 1.2 132.5 144.1 155.9
":l ":. 16.0 77.3 8 7.6 98 .0 108 .5 119.2 130.3 14 1.8 153.3
8 ~ 16.3 75. 8 86.0 9 6.3 106 .6 11 7.2 128.2 139.4 150.8
" m
-go r5.
,
"
16.5
16.8
84.5
83. 0
94.7
93.0
104 .9
10 3.1
115.3
113.4
126.1
12 4.1
13 7.2
135.0
1ll8.4
146.1
~"
>~ 17 .0 8 1.5 91. 5 101.4 111.6 122.1 132.9 143.8
V>
:: 17.3 80.1 89.9 99.8 109.8 12 0.2 130. 9 141.6
m 17.5 78 .7 88 .4 98.2 108.1 118.4 128.9 139. 4
17.8 77.3 87 .0 96.6 10 6.4 11 6.6 126 .9 137.4

~ 18.0
18 .3
8 5.6
8 4.1
95 .1
93. 6
10 4.8
103.2
114.8
113.1
125. 1
123.2
135.3
133.4
18. 5 82 .8 92. 1 101.6 111.4 121.4 131.4
18.8 81.4 90.7 100.1 10 9.8 119.7 129.6
19.1 80.1 89.3 98.6 108.2 118 .0 1 27.7
193 87.9 97. 1 106.6 116 .3 126.0

'w O::n SSJ1S4:l ar MMM '::>11 (~!Jlluaps ) sJana~ UDsw041 Aq panqIJ1S!O -oanruned SI fiuPtJ0Mlau JO uononporder Ja4lJnl 0N
'IUO esn s.eesueoq JOj vO-Z~ -vlOZ uo u!VJnO uueO 01 pesueoureuereur pa14filJdo:)
7.
o
; n rab Ie 3-9M Values of L for Pipe Sizes z 1 066 mm and < 1 219 mm 0 .0. (Cont'd)
"~~o Wall Thickness, t, mm
o , Depth .
g .~ a,mm 8. 7 10.3 1 1.1 11 .9 12.7 14.3 15 .9 17.5 19. 1 20.6 22.2 23.8 25.4 27.0 28.6 30 .2 31.8

.
o
3 @
~
~
o
~
o
~
19.6
19.8
... 86 .6
85.2
95.7
9 4.3
10 5.1
10 3.6
11 4 .7
113 .1
124.2
t 22.5
20. 1 83 .9 92.9 102. 1 11 1. 5 120 .9
3 ~ 20.3 82 .7 9 1.5 100. 7 110 .0 11 9.2
g.g- 20 .6 90. 2 99 .3 108.5 117.6
2.> 20 .8 ... 88 .9 97 .9 10 7.0 1 16 .1
='3Q
:. 21.1 .. . 87. 6 96.5 10 5.6 1 14.5 >
~ g" 2 1.3 ... ... 86.4 95.2 104 .1 11 3. 1
V>

9. ~ 2 1.6 93 .9 10 2.8 1 11 .6 .,"


~

w
~ ~. ~ 21.8 .. . 92. 6 101.1. 110 .1
~ ~
:::.' -
-o
22. 1 ... ... 9 1.3 100 .1 108 .7
C;
;..
[~
22.4 .. . 90. 1 98.7 10 7.3 s
~

o 22.6 ... 88.9 97.5 106.0


a" ...
c. 8-
22.9 87.7 96 .2 104 .6
o 23. 1 94.9 103.3
::J ;;
r. ::- 23.4 93.7 10 2.0
o -
~ ~
o ",
23.6 92 .5 100 .8
:::. S" 23.9 91. 3 99.5
o r.
-, (';
> ; 24. 1 90. 1 98. 3
~ .
24.tl 97. 1
3:: 24.6 95.9
f"
24.9 ... 94 .7
25. 1
~
93.5
25.4 92.4

WQ::naaJISljOarMMM ':)11 (:)IIllual::tSl sJGna~ UOsw041,l;Q pa jnqlJlSIO pal\l w m d SI 6UI)jJOMU JOuouooporoar JG4lm N
",l;luo asn s.eesuaou JOI vO -Z~ -v~OZ uo ulYJnO ,l;uuea 01 ossusoureueieur paI4f:iIJ,l;do:J
rabie 3 10 Values of L for Pipe Sizes 2: NPS 48 and < NPS 52
Depth ,
WaUIhlckness . t. in.
d, in. 0.344 0.406 0.4 38 0.469 0.500 0.562 0.625 0 .68 8 0.75 0 0.81 2 0.8 75 0.938 1.00 0 1.06 2 1.1 2 5 1. 188 1.250

0.03 No limit No limit No limil No limil No Iimit No Hmit No Hm tt No Hmh No Hm No limit No limil No limit No umtt No limit No Hrn No mit No ti mit
Z 0.04 18 .20 No Hm it No limil No Iimit No limit No Hmit No limlt No Hmlt No Hmit No limlt No Hmtt No Hmt t No lirnit No limlt No mtt No limil No timil
e
0.05 18. 20 19.78 20.54 21.26 21.9 5 No limit No lirnit No limil No li mil No limil No limil No limil Nolimit No mft No Hmit No lirnit No Hmit
; r: e 18.20 19.7 8 20. 54 21. 26 21.95 23.27 No limit No limit No Hmtt No Hm it No limil No limit No limit No mtt No limil No Hmit No limit
"O 0.06
[ ::1 0. 0 7 11.69 19.78 20. 54 21.26 21.9 5 23 .27 24. 54 25.74 No limi l No limit No limit No limi t No Hmit No limit No lirnit No lim ft No l imil
o "
e ~
g. _ 0.08 8. 91 13.73 17.69 21.26 21.9 5 23 .27 24 .54 2 5.74 26.88 No Iimit No Hmlt No Hmt t No limit No li mit No mn No Hm t No llrnit
"3 !CJ
w
0.09
0. 10
7.35
6.33
10.58
8.77
12.89
10.39
15.8 2
12.30
19.8 3
14.69
23 .27
21.8 7
24 .54
24 .54
2 5.74
25,7 4
26.88
26 .88
27.97
27.9 7
29,03
29.03
No llmlt
30 ,06
No Hmtt
31.04
No lmlt
No lirr ut
No limit
No limit
No Iimit
No limit
No
No
lim it
umtt
<e e
.".- 0. 11 5.60 7.58 8.83 10.24 11.92 16 ,44 23.99 25.74 26 ,88 27.9 7 29.03 30.06 31.04 31.99 No limit No limit No lim it
" w 0.1 2 5.04 6,72 7.75 8.87 10. 16 13,4 3 18.24 25 ,74 26 ,88 27.9 7 29.03 30.06 31.04 31.99 32,92 33.8 3 No li mit
3 -r
~;.
o
2, >
"
0.13
0.14
4.6 0
4,24
6.0 7
5.55
6. 94
6.32
7.8 9
7.13
8,9 4
8.0 3
11.49
10.1 3
14.99
12.8 7
20,0 1
16. 53
26 ,88
21.6 5
27.9 7
27.97
29.0 3
29.03
30.0 6
30.06
31.04
31.04
31.99
31.99
32, 92
32, 92
33 .8 3
33.8 3
34.7 0
34.70 ,.
: ~
"'"
0.15 3,94 5.13 5.81 6.53 7.32 9. 11 11.36 14.23 17.99 2),25 29.03 30.06 31.04 31.99 32.9 2 3 3.8 3 34.70
~
'J: ::l. 0.16 3.68 4,77 5.40 6,04 6.74 8. 32 10.2 4 12.60 15.54 19.4 2 24,92 30.06 31.04 31.9 9 32.92 3 3.8 3 34 ,70 ~
S Q
E: 0.17 3.46 4.47 5.04 5.63 6,27 7.67 9.35 11. 36 13.78 16 ,84 20,91 26.55 31.0 4 31.99 32.92 3 3.8 3 34.70 ~
:::l
1'!
"::l.~ '"~ .
~ 0.18 3.26 4. 21 4.74 5.28 5.86 7.14 8.63 10.39 12.45 14.96 18,18 22.38 28,04 31.99 32.92 33.8 3 34.7 0 "
.:.,
8N
0.19 3.08 3.97 4. 47 4,9 8 5.5 2 6,69 8.04 9.60 11.40 13.54 16.18 19 ,51 29 .51 32,92 33 .83 34,70
e~. ,<
23.75

.
_ 4,24 4,71 7.54 8.9 5 10.54 17,40 25,10 33 ,83
e- e 0.20 2.92 3.7 7 5.21 6.30 12.4 1 14.66 20.77 31.05 34.7 0
~ ;:: 0. 21 2.77 3.58 4.02 4,47 4.94 5.96 7.10 8.39 9.83 11.4 9 13.4 5 15,78 18.56 22.0 1 26. 52 32 .56 34.70
a. "g. 0.22 2,63 3.41 3.83 4.26 4.7 1 5.6 6 6.7 3 7.91 9.13 10.7 2 12.46 14.49 16.86 19.71 23.3 1 27.91 33.93
0.13 2.51 3.26 3.66 4.07 4.49 5,39 6.3 9 7,50 8.7 1 10 ,0 7 11.6 3 13.43 15.49 17.9 3 20.9 1 24. 59 29 .20
; ~
e : '
"e -
~ ~
. 0.24
0.2 5
2.39
2.29
3.11
2.98
3.50

3.35
3.8 9

3.73
4.29
4.12
5,15
4,93
6,10

5.83
7.13
6.80
8 ,26

7.86
9, 51
9,02
10,9 3

10.3 3
12.55
11.80
14.38
13.4 4
16.4 9
15. 32
19.0 3

17.53
22.09
20.14
25.80

23.22

-- ""
:::5 lE.
e "
0.26
0.2 7
2.18
2,09
2.86
2,74
3.2 2
3.09
3.58
3.44
3.9 5
3.80
4.7 3
4,S5
5. 59
5.36
6. 51
6.24
7.50
7.18
8.58
8.2 0
9.80
9,3 3
11.1 5
10.59
12.64
11.9 5
14.33
13.49
16 .29
15,25
18.56
17.26
21. 19
19 ,55
>' 0.28 2.63 2.97 3.31 3,66 4.38 5.1 6 6.00 6.89 7.8 5 8.9 2 10,09 11.35 12.76 14 .36 16.17 18.20
'"
;:: 0. 29 2.53 2.86 3.19 3. 52 4.2 2 4.97 5.78 6.63 7,S4 8, S4 9.64 10.82 12 .12 13.59 15.23 17,0 5
!" 0.30 ... 2.44 2.76 3.08 3.40 4.08 4.80 5,57 6.38 7.25 8.2 1 9.24 10.35 11.5 6 12.91 14.4 2 16.0 7
0.31 2.34 2.66 2,97 3.28 3,94 4.64 5.38 6 .16 6.99 7.90 8.88 9,92 11.05 12.32 13.71 15.22
~ 0.32
0.33
...
...
2.26
...
2,56
2.47
2,87
2.77
3.17
3.0 7
3.81
3.69
4.49
4.35
5,21
5,04
5,95
5.76
6,7 5
6.53
7.62
7.36
8.5 5
8. 25
9. 53
9.18
10 .60
10.19
11.78
11.30
13,08
12. 51
14.48
13.81
0.3 4 2,39 2.68 2.97 3.57 4.2 1 4.89 5.58 6.3 2 7.12 7.97 8.8 6 9.82 10.8 7 12.01 13.22
0.35 2.31 2.5 9 2.88 3.46 4. 09 4.74 5.42 6. 13 6.90 7.71 8.5 6 9.48 10.47 11.55 12.69
0.36 2.50 2.79 3.36 3.9 7 4.60 5.26 5.95 6.69 7.47 8. 29 9.16 10.11 11.13 12.21

'w o::n aaJIS4::lEWMMM' 8 11 (:>111IUal::lsl sJa tna~ uosuroqj JiqpanqpIS!O -pemun ed SI 5U!'ljJOMI9U JO uouonpo.dar Ja4vnJ 0N
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rab Ie 310 Val ues of L for Pi pe Slzes ~ NPS 48 and < NPS 52 (Cont' d)
Wa ll t hkkness. t. In.
~ epth
.g Ij d, In. 0.344 0.406 0.4 38 0.469 0.500 0.562 0.62 5 0 .688 0. 750 0 .812 0.875 0.938 1.000 1.06 2 1. 12 5 1.1 88 1.250
[ 0.37 2.42 2.70 3.26 3.86 4. 47 5.11 5.78 6.49 7.25 8 .04 8.87 9.78 10.7 5 11 .77
e ,.
("; rre 0.38 2.62 3.17 3.75 4.3 5 4.97 5.62 6.3 1 7.0 4 7.80 8 .60 9.47 10.40 11. 37
g. :r 0.39 2.5 4 3.08 3.65 4.13 4.84 5.47 6.14 6.85 7.58 8.3 5 9. 19 10.0 7 11 .00
= @
0. 40 2.46 2.99 3.55 4 .12 4.71 5.33 5.98 6.66 7.37 8. 12 8.92 9. 77 10.66
3 N
~ O 0.4 1 2.91 3.45 4.0 2 4 .59 5. 19 5.83 6.4 9 7.18 7.90 8. 67 9.49 10.3 4
cr;::; 0.42 2.8 3 3.36 3.92 4 .48 5.06 5.68 6.33 6.99 7.69 8.44 9.23 10 .0 5
~ .~
"
~
O
o >
-
~
O
0.4 3
0. 44
2.7 5
2.68
3.28
3. 19
3.82
3.73
4.37
4.2 6
4.9 4
4.8 2
5.54
5.4 1
6. 17
6.02
6.82
6.65
7.50
7.31
8.22
8.0 1
8. 98
8.7 5
9.77
9.5 1
::' 3 0.45 3.11 3.64 4. 16 4.71 5.29 5.88 6.50 7.14 7.82 8.53 9.27
~ !:l 0 .46 3.04 3.55 4.07 4.60 5.1 7 5.75 6.35 6.9 7 7.63 8.33 9 .04
3 ~r 0.47 2.96 3.47 3.98 4.50 5.0 5 5.62 6.21 6 .8 2 7.46 8.13 8.8 2 ~
3:
" =
;V> 0.48 2.89 3.39 3.89 4.4 0 4.94 5.50 6.07 6.6 7 7.29 7.95 8.62 m

~ 8, 1~
~
~

~ 14
0.49 2.82 3.3 1 3.80 4.31 4.84 5.39 5.94 6.52 7.13 7.77 8. 43 :;;
'"
_.~
0.50 2.75 3.23 3.72 4.22 4.74 5.27 5.82 6.3 9 6.98 7.60 8.24
3- o ~
o ~ 0. 51 3. 16 3.64 4.13 4.64 5. 17 5.70 6.26 6 .84 7.45 8.07 ~
S ~ 0 .52 3.09 3. 56 4.0 4 4. 54 5.06 5.59 6.13 6.70 7.2 9 7.9 0
<
< oo
:::l. ::r 0.53 3.02 3.48 3.96 4.4 5 4.96 5.48 6.01 6.57 7.15 7.74
-~ "~. 0. 54 2.95 3.4 1 3.88 4.3 7 4.87 5.37 5.89 6.44 7.01 7.59
El ~ 0.55 2.89 3.34 3.80 4 .28 4.77 5.27 5.78 6.32 6 .87 7.4 4
:l r-t
= 0.56 3.27 3.73 4.20 4. 68 5.17 6.20 6.75
0'"
==-
5.67 7.30
o- g
0. 57 3.20 3.65 4.1 2 4.60 5.08 5.57 6. 09 6.6 2 7.16
0.58 3.14 3.58 4 .04 4.5 1 4.98 5.47 5.98 6. 50 7.03
~"
>. 0.59 3.07 3.51 3.97 4.43 4.90 5.37 5.87 6.39 6.9 1
l:r" 0. 60 3.01 3.45 3.8 9 4.35 4.8 1 5.28 5.77 6. 28 6. 79
0.61 3.38 3.82 4.27 4.73 5.19 5.67 6 .1 7 6.67

~ 0.62
0.63
3.32
3.25
3.7 5
3.69
4.20
4.12
4.64
4.57
5.10
5.0 2
5.58
5.48
6. 07
5.97
6.56
6. 4 5
0.64 3.19 3.62 4.05 4.49 4.93 5.40 5.8 7 6.35
0.65 3.5 5 3.98 4.41 4 .8 5 5. 31 5.77 6.25
0 .66 3.4 9 3.92 4.34 4.7 7 5.22 5.68 6.15

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Table 310 Values of L for Pipe Sizes " NPS 48 and < NPS 52 (Conl ' d)
z:@ ,.., Wall r htckness, 1, in.
"O o Dept h,
t~ d. in. 0.344 0.406 0.4 38 0.469 0.500 0.562 0.6 25 0.688 0.7 50 0.812 0.8 75 0.938 1.000 1.062 1. 1 2 5 1. 188 1.250
&. ~
o _ 0.67 ). 43 3.85 4.27 4.70 5.14 5.59 6.05
~ @ 0.68 3.37 3.79
3.72
4.20
4, 13
4.62 5.06 5.5 1 5.96
N 0.69 3.31 4 .55 4.9 8 5.42 5.87
'< O
cr< - 0.70 3.25 3.6 6 4.07 4 .48 4 .9 1 5.3 4 ~.7 8
ro N
0.71 3.60 4.0 0 4.4 1 4.83 5.26 ~.70
3~
g.:;. 0.72 3.5 4 3.94 4 .34 4.76 5.19 5.6 1
O r.
O
~3
,. 0.73 3.48 3.88 4.28 4,69 5.11 5.53 ;
2': r; 0.74 3.43 3.82 4.21 4.62 5.0 4 5,45 ;:
""O ~. 0.7 5 3.3 7 3.76 4.1 5 4 ,55 4.9 6 5.38
~

s:: U"l
I '"
N
0.7 6 3.70 4.09 4,49 4.8 9 5,)0 '"C;
~

0.77 3.6 4 4.0 3 4.4 2 4.83 5.23 .:..


S' g 0.78 3.59 3.97 4.36 4.76 5.16 s
; ~:
_. '< ~

9- e 0. 79 3.53 3.9 1 4.3 0 4.69 5.09


o ~
" ;:
. ro
o
0.80
0.81
3.48 3.85
3.80
4, 24
4. 18
4.6 3
4.56
5,02
4. 95
~. 0.8 2 3.7 4 4 ,12 4.50 4,89
"' 0.8 3 3.69 4. 06 4.44 4,8 2
o ?i"
o - 0.84 3.63 4. 01 4.38 4.7 6
"o '"
o
~ ~. 0.8 5 3.95 4.32 4.70
o r. 0.86 3.90 4.27 4.64
~ r.
,. p 0.87 3.84 4.21 4.58
en 0.88 3.79 4. 16 4. 52
;: 0. 89 3.74 4.10
m 4. 46
0.90 3.69 4.05 4.40
~
W

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' AIUO ssn s.eesueou JO PO'"lLv~Ol uo u!VJnO ,.(uuea 01 paSUEKl!l18UEIeW palllfilJAdo:)
lable 3-10M Values of L for Pipe Sizes " 1 219 mm and < 1 320 mm 0.0.
Wall Thi ckness, t, mm
Depth,
d. mm 8.7 10.3 11.1 11. 9 12.7 14.3 15 .9 17.5 19.1 20.6 22 .2 23.8 25. 4 27. 0 28.6 30 .2 31.8
"l- 0.8 No timil No rntt No limit No llmlt No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No llmi t No limit No llmlt No limit No llmit No limit No limit
@ r: 1.0 462.l No mtt No lim il No limit No Iimlt No lim il No Hmit No limit No limil No limil No llrnit No limit No ttmtt No limil No mtt No lim it No limil
"" o
0 "0
1.3 462.4 50 2.3 521.8 539.9 55 7. 5 No lim jt No Hmtt No limit No mt No Hmit No lim it No limit No llmlt No limit No mtt No Hmit No limit
0. '<
O " 1.5 462.4 502.3 521.8 539.9 557.5 59 1.0 No limit No tirnit No Hmir No Hmit No limit No l imit No limit No limil No umtt No Hmit No Hmtt
g.r:
e _
1.8 296.9 50 2.3 521.8 539.9 55 7. 5 591. 0 623 .3 653. 9 No Iimit No llmit No limit No li mit No limil No llmit No lirnit No limil No limil
~ e 2.0 22 6.2 348.8 449 .4 539 .9 55 7.5 591.0 623. 3 653.9 682 .8 No Umil No llrnit No mtt No limil No lirnit No limit No limil No limil
'<
oW 2.3 186 .6 268. 8 327.5 40 2.0 503 .7 591.0 623 .3 653.9 682. 8 710.4 737.5 No Hmit No Hmlt No limit No limil No li mil No limil
<r-
o w 2.5 160.7 222.8 264.0 312.5 373.0 555. 6 623 .3 653.9 682 .8 710.4 737.5 763.5 788. 4 No umtt No limlt No Hmlt No limil
ao :{ 2.8 14 2.2 192.5 224 .3 260 .2 30 2.7 417.5 609.4 653.9 68 2.8 710.4 73 7. 5 763. 5 788.4 812 .4 No Hmtt No mtt No llmlt
0. ;-
r;. f"', 3.0 1 28.1 170.7 196.8 225. 4 258.2 341.1 46 3.3 653.9 682 .8 710.4 737.5 76 3.5 788.4 812 .4 83 6.2 8 59.3 No (mil
o "
~ 3 3.3 116.9 154.2 17 6.4 200 .3 22 7.1 292.0 380. 6 508.3 682.8 710.4 737.5 763.5 788.4 8 12.4 836. 2 859.3 88 1.4
;:jo ~
3.6 10 7.8 141.0 160 .5 18 1.1 203.9 257 .4 326.8 419.8 549.9 710.4 737.5 76 3.5 788.4 8 12.4 83 6.2 85 9.3 88 1.4 G;
3 Q' 14 7.7 16 5.9 18 5.8 231.5 288.7 361. 6 456.8 590 .5 763.5 788.4 812 .4
V1
p. e
3.8
4. 1
100.1
93.5
1303
121.3 137. 1 15 3.5 171.2 211.3 260. 0 320.0 394.8 493.3
73 7.5
6 32.9 763 .5 788.4 81 2.4
836. 2
836.2
8 59.3
8 59 .3
88 1.4
88 1.4 "
m
~

~ 81....w
~ ~
4.3 87.8 113.5 118 .1 14 3.1 159.1 194.9 237.5 288 .6 350.1 427.7 531.1 6 74.4 788. 4 8 12.4 836.2 8 59.3 88 1.4 ~

s: ~
4.6 82.7 106.8 120.3 134.2 148 .9 18 1.3 219. 3 263.9 316.2 380. 1 461.7 568. 4 712.3 8 12.4 836.2 8 59.3 88 1.4 ".:.
o ~ ~
E ;: 4.8 78 .2 100.9 11 3.6 126.5 140.1 169.9 204.2 243.9 289.5 343.8 41 1.1 49 5. 5 603.3 749. 4 8 36.2 859 .3 88 1.4 ~

5.1 74.1 95.7 10 7.6 119.7 132.4 160.0 191.4 217.2 267.8 315. 1 372.3 442 .0 527.5 6 37.7 788.6 859.3 88 1.4
:i og. 5.3 703 90.9 102 .2 113.6 125.6 151.3 180. 4 213.2 249.7 291.7 34 1.6 400.8 47 1.4 5 59.1 673.5 8 27.0 88 1.4
g ~
5.6 66.9 86.6 97. 4 108.2 119.5 14 3.7 170.8 201. 0 234.4 272.3 316.4 36 8.0 428. 1 500.7 592. 0 708 .9 86 1.8
::l ;j'
8 ~ 5.8 63.8 82.7 93.0 10 3.3 114.0 136.9 16 2.4 190 .5 221. 2 255.7 295.5 341.2 393.5 45 5.3 53 1.0 6 24.6 741.7
~ fr 6. 1 60.8 79. 1 88.9 98.8 109.1 130.8 154.8 181.1 209.7 241.5 277.7 318. 8 365. 1 4 18.9 48 3.5 561. 2 6 55.3
g 15.
" e 6.4 58. 1 75.7 85.2 94.7 104.5 125.3 148.0 172 .8 199.6 22 9.0 262.3 299.7 341.4 389.0 445.2 511.5 589.8
8., ~
,,;; 6. 6 55 .5 72.6 81. 8 90.9 100.3 120. 2 14 1.9 16 5.3 190. 5 218 .0 248.9 28 3.3 321.1 3 64.0 4 13.8 471 .5 538 .3
6.9 53.0 69.7 78.5 8 7.4 96 .5 115.5 136.3 158 .6 18 2.4 208.3 237. 1 268.9 303.7 34 2.6 387.3 438 .4 4 96 .7
'"
;: 7.1 66.9 75.5 84.1 92 .9 111.2 13 1.1 152.4 175.0 199.5 226.5 256.2 288 .4 3 24.1 364.7 4 10.6 46 2. 2
r:"l
7.4 64.3 72.7 81.0 89 .5 10 7.2 126.4 146.8 168.3 191. 5 21 7.0 244.9 274.8 30 7.9 345. 1 386 .8 433. 1
8 6.4 121.9 16 2.2
~
7.6 61. 9 70.0 78.1 10 3.5 14 1.5 184.3 208 .5 23 4.7 262.8 293. 5 328.0 36 6.2 408.2
7.9 59 .6 67.5 75.4 8 3.4 100.0 117.8 136.7 156.5 177 .6 200. 6 22 5.5 252.0 28 0.8 312.8 348 .1 386. 6
8.1 57.3 65.1 72.8 80. 6 96.8 114.0 132.2 151.3 171. 5 19 3.5 217.1 242.2 2 69.3 299.3 332. 1 367.7
8.4 62.8 70.3 78 .0 93.7 110.4 128 .0 146.4 16 5.8 186 .9 209.4 233.2 2 58 .9 287. 1 317.8 350.9
8.6 60.7 68.0 75 .4 90 .8 107 .0 124.1 141.8 160.6 180 .8 20 2.4 22 5.1 249.4 276.1 30 5.0 335.9
8.9 58.6 65 .8 73.0 88.0 103.8 120.4 137.6 155.7 175.1 19 5.8 217.5 24 0.7 266.0 293 .3 322. 4
9.1 63. 6 70.8 8 5.4 100 .8 116.9 133.6 151.1 169.9 189.8 210.6 232 .8 256.8 28 2.7 310.2

WO::>W SJISl.p 91MMM ':::)1 1 (::>lj1Iu9I::>5) SJalna~ uc suroqj Aq pEllnqlJlS !O 'PElll IWJEld S! 6UrlJOMI8U JOuouonooroar JEll.Uml 0N
vo-n 'vwz
'AIUO as n S.E1E1SUOClII JO uo u !VmO Auuea 01 pesuaour eueieur pal46lJAdo:)
Table 3-10M Values of L fOI Pipe Sizes " 1 219 mm and < 1 320 mm 0 .0. (Cont'd)
nepth, Wall r hlckness, t. mm
d, mm 8.7 10.3 tU 11.9 12.7 14.3 15.9 17. 5 19.1 20.6 22 .2 23.8 25. 4 2 7.0 28 .6 30.2 31. 8
z
o
; r") 9.4 61.6 68.6 82.9 97.9 113.7 129.8 14 6.8 164.9 184 .1 204.1 225 .4 248.4 273.0 299 .0
~ o 9.7 66.5 80.5 95.2 110.5 126 .3 14 2.7 160 .3 178.9 198 .1 218.5 240.6 26 4. 1 288 .8
&.e ;:1::l . 9.9 64.4 78.2 92.6 10 7.6 122.9 138.9 156.0 173.9 192 .5 212. 2 233.3 255.8 27 9.4
g.1-
o _ 10.2 62.5 76.0 90. 1 104. 7 119.7 135.3 151.9 169.2 187 .2 206 .2 226.6 248.2 270.7
10 .4 73.9 87 .7 102.0 11 6.7 131.8 148 .0 164.9 18 2.3 200.6 220. 3 24 1.0 262 .7
~ e 10 .7 71.9 85.5 99. 5 113.8 128.6 144.3 160.7 177. 6 19 5.4 214.3 23 4.4 25 5. 2
-e
" N
O
0--
O N 10. 9 69.9 83 .3 97.0 111.0 125. 5 140.8 156.8 173.2 190.4 20 8.8 228. 1 248. 2
3.:[ 11.2 68.0 81.1 94.6 108.3 122.5 137. 5 153.0 169.0 18 5.7 20 3. 5 22 2.2 241. 6
"
0-0-
o -o 11 .4 79.1 92 .4 105 .8 119.7 134. 3 149 .5 165.1 18 1.3 198.6 216 .7 235.4
o ,. 11. 7 77.1 90.2 103 .3 116.9 13 1.2 146. 1 161.3 177. 1 193 .9 21 1.5 229 .6
~ 3
=-(':::l.
\,1'_
11. 9
12.2
75.2
73.4
88.0
86.0
101.0
98.7
114.3
11 1.8
128.3
12 5.5
142.8
139.7
1 57.7
154.2
173.1
169 .3
189.5
185 .2
206 .5
20 1.9
224.1
218.9
~
m
3g
:;;'"
w
~~ I:ti 12 .4 71.6 84.0 96.5 109.4 122 .9 136.8 15 1.0 16 5.7 181. 2 19 7.4 214.0
;3' g 12.7 69.9 82.1 94.4 107. 1 120 .3 133.9 14 7.8 162 .2 177.4 19 3.2 209.3 .:-
; 2" 13.0 80.3 92.4 104.8 117.8 13 1.2 144.8 158 .9 173 .7 189.1 204.9 s
~

s:o '6 ~
13.2
13.5
78. 5
76.7
90.4
88.5
10 2.7
100.6
115 .4
113 .1
128.6
126 .0
141.9
139 .1
155.7
152.6
170.2
166.8
185. 3
18 1.6
200.6
196. 6
S ;:
g
a . ::r
"
O
::l
o
.
"
:j'

13.7

14 .0
14.2
75.0
73.4
86.7
84.9
83 .1
9805
96.6
94.7
110.9
108 .7
106.6
123.6
121.2
118.9
136.4
133 .8
131.3
149.7
146 .9
144. 1
163.6

160. 5
1 57.5
178 .0

174.6
171. 3
192 .7
189.0
185 .4

.-"gt13"'""
o -

o~ or.
14.5
14.7
15.0
81.4
79.7
78.1
92.8
91.0
89.2
104.6
102.6
100.7
116.7
114.6
112.5
128.9
126.6
124.3
14 1.5
139.0
136. 5
154.6
151.9
14 9.2
168.2
165.2
16 2.3
182.0
178 .7
175.5
15.2 76.5 87 .5 98. 9 11005 122. 1 134 .1 146.6 159.4 172 .5
> ~
'"
z
!"
15.5 85. 9 97. 1 108 .5 120.0
118 .0
13 1.8 14 4.1 156.7 169.5
15.7 84 .2 9 5.3 106.6 129. 6 141. 7 1 54.1 166 .7
16.0 82.6 93 .6 104.8 116 .0 127 .4 139. 3 1 51. 5 163.9
~ 16. 3
16 .5
81.1 91.9
90 .3
102 .9
101.2
114.0
112.1
125. 3
123.2
13 7.0
134.8
149.1
146 .7
161. 2
1 58 .7
1 6.8 88 .7 99.5 110.3 121.3 132.7 14 4.4 156 .2

'WOO'\ 99 Jls tpa j"MMM ':::>1 1 (:>IJI\ual:>S) SJanat UOSW041 q pa nq lJ\sIO -pemuue d SI 6ul)jJOM\aU JO u ouo opo ro ar Ja4 jJnJ 0 N
' IUO asn s.eesueou JO} vO'l ~'v ~Ol uo u!ymo Auuea 01 pesueoqieuejeur P914 5pdo:)
z
o
@ 'l l able 3-10M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ~ 1 219 mm and < 1 320 mm 0 .0. (Cont'd)
"O o
ac. -
"O
Wall Ihlckn ess, t, mm
l: :::l, Dept h,
g.
e '.
_ d, mm 8.7 10.3 11.1 11.9 12.7 14.3 15.9 17.5 19.1 20.6 22.2 23.8 25. 4 27 .0 28.6 30.2 31.8
:: @
~ t-..> 17.0 87. 1 97.8 108 .5 119. 3 130.6 142 .1 153.7
'< o 17. 3 85.6 96.2 10 6.7 11 7.4 128. 5 139.9 151.4
c-;3
r. 17.5 84. 1 94.6 105.0 11 5.6 126. 6 137.8 149 .1
3 ~ 17.8 82.7 93.0 103.3 11 3.8 124.6 135.7 146.9
E.. :i-
o r. 18.0 91.5 101. 7 11 2.0 122.8 133 .7 144.7
o 18.3 90.0 100 .1 110 .3 120 .9 131.7 1/+2.6
;:' 3
~ 3. 18.5 88.5 98.5 108.6 119.1 129.8 140.5 ;
3 fE 18.8 87.0 97.0 10 7.0 117.4 127.9 138. 5
"2 =
Vl
:1. o 19.1 85.6 95.5 10'>.4 115.7 126 .1 136.6 "
~

~0 ' 1 i 19.3 9'LO 103.8 114.0 124 .3 134 .7 '"


w
~

:E ~
- '< 19.6 92.5 102 .3 112.4 122 .6 132.8 ...'"
50 e 19.8 91.1 100.8 110.7 120.9 1] 1.0 s
~ 3: 20. 1 89.7 99.3 10 9.2 119,2 129.2
~

:E g
a. ::r 20.3 88 .1l 97 .9 107.6 11 7.6 127.5
; ~. 20.6 96.4 106.1 11 5.9 125.8
o r.
8 ::.. 20.8 9 5.0 104.7 114.4 124.1
,= =
01
= rrc
2 1.1 93 .7 103.2 112.8 122.5
-o =
_. 21.3 92. 3 101.8 11 1.3 120 .9
r.
;:9 21.6 100.4 109 .8 119 .3
21.8 99.0 10 8.4 117.8
'"
J: 21. 1 9 7.6 10 7.0 116.2
!"
22.4 96.3 10 5.6 1111 .8
22.6 95.0 104 .2 113.3
~ 21.9 93.7 102.8 111. 9

WO::l IGaJS4::Jal" \\MM ':)1 1 (::JIJ!lual::Jsl SJGlna~ uosw041,1;Qpan quIS!a -oemuned SI 6 UPPOMGU JO uouonporoor Je4~m 0 N
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r abie 3-11 Values of L for Pipe Sizes NPS 52 and < NPS 56
WaU thtckness, t. in.
Depth,
d. in. 0.406 0.4 38 0.4 69 O.SOO 0.56 2 0.6 25 0.688 0.7 50 0 .8 12 0.8 75 0 .938 1.000 1.062 1.1 25 1.188 1.2 50
7.
o 0.04 No ttmlr No lirmt No limil No mtt No limit No Hmit No llmit No lirnit No Hmtt No limit No lirnit No ttm!t No limit No limit No Hmn No limit
; ro 0 .05 20.58 21,38 22.12 22.84 No Iim it No hmit No limit No timit No limil No (imil No timtt No limit No lim it No li mil No limit No limit
~ o
~~ 0.06 20.58 21.38 22. 12 12 .84 24.22 No fimit No ltmft No Iirnlt No limil No Iimi t No ll mit No Hmit No [mil No Hmlt No Hmit No limit
No limit
:s a. 0.07 20.58 21.38 22 . 12 22.8 4 24. 22 25.54 26.80 No timit No limit No limit No ltmit No limit No li mit No Hmit No llmit
g.~ 0 .08 14.29 18.112 22. 12 22.84 24.22 2S.5 t~ 26.8 0 27 .98 No limit No lirmt No limit No limit No limit No limil No limil No li m it

~ @ 0.0 9 11 .0 1 13.42 16.4 7 20.64 24. 22 25.54 26. 80 27 .98 29 .11 30.22 No lirnit No limil No limit No Hmit No limit No limit
"
~ ow 0 .10 9.13 10.8 2 12 .81 15.28 22. 77 25.54 26.80 27 .98 29.11 30. 22 3 1.29 29 .55 No lim it No Hmt t No ll mit No Hmit
g" 0 .11 7.8 9 9. 19 10.66 12.41 17. 11 24.97 26. 80 27.98 29.11 30.22 3 1.29 29.55 33.29 No limi l No li mil No limit
3 :' 0. 12 7.00 8.06 9.24 10 .58 1 3.98 18.99 26.80 27.98 29.11 30.22 31. 29 J2.JI 33.29 34.27 35.21 No limit
lS..;. 0 .13 6.32 7.23 8.2 1 9.3 1 11.96 15.60 20.8 3 27.98 29.11 30. 22 31.29 32.3 1 33.2 9 34.27 35. 2 1 36.12
o o
S > 0 .14 7.42 10. 55 13.39 1 7.20 22.54 29.11 30.22 31.29 n.JI 33.29 34.27 35.2 1 36. 12
,.
V>
5.78 6.58 8.36
~ :::l
~. 0. 15 5.34 6.0 5 6.8 0 7.6 1 9 .49 11.83 14.8 2 18 .72 24.2 0 30.22 31.29 32.3 1 33.29 34.27 35.21 36. 12
;:
m

'J>

:3
::.: ::::l w
e-
0. 16
0. 17
4.97
4 .65
5.6 2
5.25
6.29
5.86
7.02
6.52
8 .66
7.99
10 .6 5
9.73
13 .11
11 .8 2
16.18
14.35
20.21
17.52
25.9 3
21.7 6
3 1. 29
27.63
32.3 1
32.3 1
33.29
33.29
34.27
34.27
35.2 1
35. 2 1
36 .12
36. 12
'"~
9. ~ "o
"~ ~." 0. 18

0. 19
4 .38

4 .14
4.9 3

4 .6 5
5.50

5. 18
6 .10

5.7 4
7.4 3

6.96
8 .99

8.37
10.8 1

9.9 9
12.96

11.86
15.58

14 .0 9
18.9 2

16.8 5
23.29

20.3 1
29. 19

24.72
33.2 9

30.7 1
34.2 7

34.27
35.2 1

35. 21
36. 1 2

36. 12
"~

~ o
o ~ 0 .20 3.92 4.41 4.90 5.43 6.56 7.84 9. 31 10 .97 12.91 15.26 18.11 21.6 2 26.13 32.31 35.2 1 36 .1 2
ES: 0 .21 3.73 4.1 9 4.66 5.1 S 6.20 7.39 8.7 3 10 .23 11. 9 5 14.00 16.4 2 19 .32 22.9 1 27.60 33.89 36 .1 2
::f g
:::l. ::r 0 .22 J.55 J.99 4.43 4.90 5.89 7.0 0 8. 24 9.6 1 11.1 6 12.97 15.08 17.54 20.52 24. 26 29.05 35.3 1
"a "~.
o
0.23 J.J9 3.8 1 4.23 4.67 5.6 1 6 .65 7.80 9.07 10 .48 1 2.11 13.98 16 .13 18.6 6 21. 76 25.6 0 30 .39
e - 0 .24 3.2 4 3.6 4 4 .0 5 4.4 7 5.36 6. 34 7.4 2 8 .59 9.8 9 11. 38 13 .06 14.96 17.1 7 19 .8 1 23.00 26.8 5
~i
::::l ~.
0. 25 3. 10 3.49 3.88 4.28 5. 13 6.0 7 7.08 8. 18 9.3 9 10.7 5 1 2.28 13.99 15.94 18.2 5 20.96 24 .1 7
0.26 2.97 3.35 3.73 4. 11 4.92 5.8 1 6.7 8 7.8 1 8.9 3 10.20 11.61 13. 16 14.91 16 .95 19.32 22. 06
e- oe
>? 0 .27
0.2 8
2.85
2.7 4
3.22
3.10
3.58
3.45
3.95
3.8 1
4.73
4.56
5.5 8
5.37
6.50
6.25
7.47
7.1 7
8.5 3
8 .1 7
9. 7 1
9.28
11 .02
10 .50
12 .4 4
11.8 2
14.04
13.28
15.8 7
14.94
17.9 7
16.8 3
20 .3 5
18 .94
'"
z
;-:1 0. 29 2.64 2.98 3.32 3.67 4.39 5. 18 6.0 1 6.90 7.85 8.89 10 .0 3 11. 26 1 2.6 2 14.14 15.8 5 1 7.7 5
0.30 2.5 4 2.87 3.20 3.54 4.24 5.00 5.80 6.64 7.55 8.54 9.62 10 .77 12.0 3 13.44 15.01 16 .73

~ 0 .31
0.32
2.44
2.35
2.77
2.67
3.09
2.98
3.42
3.30
4. 10
3.97
4.83
4.67
5.60
5.4 2
6.4 1
6 .20
7.28
7.0 3
8. 22
7.93
9.2 4
8.90
10 .32
9.9 2
11. 5 1
11.03
12.82
12.26
14.26
13.6 1
15.84
15.0 7
0.33 2.57 2.88 3. 19 3.84 4.52 5.25 6 .00 6.80 7.66 8.58 9.56 10.61 11 .76 13.02 14 .38
0 .34 2.49 2.79 J.09 3.72 4 .39 5.09 5.81 6 .58 7.4 1 8.29 9.22 10.22 11.31 1 2.50 13.76

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Jab le 311 Values of L for Pipe Slzes " NPS S2 and < NPS 56 (Cont'd)
Depth , Wall r hkkness. t, In.
d, In, 0.40 6 0.438 0.469 O.SOO 0. 56 2 0.625 0.68 8 0.750 0.812 0.875 0.938 1.0 00 1.06 2 1. 125 1. 188 1.250

7, 0.35 2.40 2.69 2.99 3.61 4.26 4.93 5.6 4 6.38 7.18 8 .02 8.9 1 9.86 10.90 12.0 2 13 .21
o 0.36 2.6 1 2.90 3.50 4.13 4.79 5.47 6.19 6.96 7. 78 8.6 3 9.54 11.59
10.52 12.71
a.go
?,

0-'<
0.37
0.38 ...
2.52 2.81
2.7 2
3.40
3.30
4.01
3.90
4.66
4. 53
5.32
5.17
6.01
5.85
6.7 6
6.57
7.5 5
7.H
8. 36
8.12
9. 24
8.95
10.1 8
9.86
11.19
10.8 2
12.25
11.8 3
~ ::L
_ rr. 0.39 2.64 3. 20 3.80 4.4 1 5.04 5.69 6.39 7.13 7.89 8.69 9. 56 10 .48 1 1.4 5
-o _
~
0.40 2.56 3.1 1 3.69 4.29 4.90 5.5 4 6. 22 6.94 7.6 7 8. 45 9.28 10 .17 11.09
~ e 3.03 3.60 5.40 6.0 6 6. 76
",, .-
'<
-o
0. 4 1
0. 42 2.9 4 3.50
4.18
4.0 8
4.78
4.66 5.2 7 5.91 6.59
7.47
7.28
8 .22
8. 01
9.03
8.78
9.8 8
9. 6 0
10.76
10.46
o .-
0.4 3 2.86 3.4 1 3.97 4.55 5.1 4 5.77 6.42 7.10 7.8 0 8.56 9.3 5 10.17
3 .;!"
~ -
0. 44 ... 2.79 3.] 3 3.88 4.44 5.0 2 5.63 6.27 6.9 3 7.61 8.34 9.11 9.90
o ir 0. 45 3.24 3.78 4.33 4.90 5.50 6.13 6.7 6 7.4 3 8. 14 8.88 9.65
s, > 0.46 ... .. . 3.16 3.69 4.23 4.7 9 5.38 5.99 6.61 7.26 7.9 5 8 .67 9. 41
,~ ~,. 0.4 7 3.08 3.61 4.14 4.68 5.26 5.85 6.46 7.0 9 7.76 8.4 6 9. 18 ;;
3 ~ ... ... ...
.
0.48 3.01 3.52 4.05 4.58 5.14 5.73 6.32 6 .94 7.59 8.2 7 8 .97 >:
!< "
o V> 0.49 ... 2.9 3 3.44 3.96 4. 48 5.03 5.60 6.19 6.79 7.43 8.09 8.77
~

~ 8. w 0.50 2.8 6 3.3 7 3.87 4. 39 4.93 5.49 6.06 6 .65 7,27 7.9 2 8.58 '"
~
w
:::;. -e
~o
~
" 0.51 ... .. . 3.29 3.79 4.30 4.8 3 5.38 5.9 3 6 .51 7.12 7.75 8.40 ".:..
o ~
0.52 3.22 3.71 4.21 4.73 5.2 7 5.8 1 6.38 6.9 7 7.59 8. 22 ~
S : ~

~ g 0.53 ... 3.14 3.63 4.12 4.64 5.16 5.70 6.25 6.8 4 7.44 8 .06
::::! .
~ S
~
0.54 ... ... ... .. . 3.07 3.55 4.04 4.54 5.06 5.5 9 6 .13 6.70 7.2 9 7,90
:::l ;;. 0 ,55 3.01 3.48 3.96 4.46 4.9 7 5.48 6 .0 2 6.58 7.16 7.74
8 ~ 0.5 6 ... ... ... ... 3.41 3.88 4. 37 4.87 5.38 5.9 1 6.45 7.02 7,60
" m
~ " 0.57 ... ... ... ... .. . 3.34 3.80 4.29 4.78 5. 28 5.80 6.34 6.8 9 7.46

->
:::l rt:: .

"
2,~
;i1
0.58
0.59 .. . .. . .. . .. . ...
3.27
3.20
3.73
3.6 6
4.21

4.13
4.69
4.61
5.19
5.10
5.6 9
5.59
6 .22
6. 11
6. 77
6.6 5
7.32
7.19
V> 0. 60 3.14 3.5 9 4.05 4.53 5.01 5. 50 6.01 6.5 3 7.07
:
r' 0.61 ... ... 3. 52 3.98 4.4 5 4.92 5.40 5.90 6.4 2 6.95
0.62 ... . .. .. . .. . ... ... 3.45 3.91 4.37 4.8 3 5.3 1 5.81 6. 31 6.83

e 0.63
0.64 ...
.. . 3.39
3.3 2
3.84
3.77
4.29
4. 22
4.7 5
4.67
5.22
5.13
5.7 1
5.62
6.2 1
6.11
6.72
6.61
0. 65 .. . .. . 3.70 4.15 4. 59 5.0 5 5. 52 6.0 1 6.5 0
0.66 ... 3.63 4.0 8 4. 52 4.97 5.44 5.92 6.40
0. 67 ... .. . ... .. . ... 3.5 7 4.01 4.44 4.8 9 5.35 5.82 6.30
0.68 .. . ... .. . ... .. . 3.51 3.94 4.37 4.81 5.27 5.73 6.20
0. 69 3.45 3.87 4. 30 4, 74 5.19 5.65 6.1 1
0.70 ... ... ... ... 3.39 3.8 1 4.23 4.66 5.11 5.5 6 6.0 2

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Table 311 Values of L for Pip e Sizes ~ NPS 52 and < NPS 56 (Conl 'd)
Wall r htckness , t. in.
e pth.
d, in. 0.406 0.438 0.46 9 0 .500 0.562 0 .625 0.688 0.750 0. 812 0.8 7 5 0.938 1.000 1.06 2 1.12 5 1.188 1.25 0
Z
o
; n 0.7 1 3.75 4 .1 7 4 .59 5.0 3 5.4 8 5.93
0.72 3.69 4. 10 4.52 4.95 5.40 5.8 4
t ~o
""
0.73 3.63 4 .0 4 4.45 4.88 5.32 5.76
o .~
g _ 0 .74 3.5 7 3.97 4.38 4.8 1 5.2.4 5.68
0 .7 5 3.5 1 3.9 1 4.32 4 .7 4 5.1 7 5.60
3e
t.: 1.,)
0 .76 ... . .. 3.8 5 4 .2 5 4.67 5.09 5.5 2
ce o
0" - 0 .77 3.7 9 4. 19 4 .60 5.02 5.4 4
o N
3 ~ 0 .78 3.7 3 4 .13 4 .54 4.95 5.37
~5- 0 .79 3.68 11 .0 7 4.47 4.8 8 5.29
o " 0.80 3.62 4.01 4.4 1 4.82 5.22
So > ~
~~:J . 0.8 1 3.9 5 4 .35 4.7 5 5. 15
~

3 2
0.82 3.8 9 4.29 4.6 9 S.08 ''""
~

w
~ ::l

~. g
;j 0 .83
0.8 4
. ..
3.8 4
3.78
4 .23
id?
t..6 2
4. 56
5.0 2
/.9 5
1j,89
.
C;
o
~ ~. 0.85 4. 11 4.50 ~
~

0" 0
0.86 ... ... . .. . .. . .. 4.06 4 .1f4 1l.8 3
e -,
S !::
0.8 7 ... .. . ... 4.00 '1.38 11.76
0.88 3.95 4.33 4.70
" oro
:1. zr
215
'
0.8 9 3.8 9 4.27 4.64
::l
0. 90 3.84 4.2 1 /1.58
8 e:. 0 .91 4. 16 4.5 3
::1 -n
":J' ::1
0 .92 4. 10 4.47
-"
o
::1
o of';;
-,
".:::.
0.9 3
0. 94 ...
4.0 5
4.0 0
4 .41
4 .36
> '"
'"
:<:
;"=1
0. 95 ... 3.9 5 s.n
0.96 4. 25
0.9 7 .. . .. . 4.10

~
.. 0.98
0. 99
4 .1 5
4.10
1.00 4 .05

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(UD esn s.eesueou JOI "'O -l ~ ' POl uo ulVJnO (uueO 01 cesueoqreuereur PS146IJ(do:)
Table 3-11M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;, 1 320 mm and < 1 422 mm 0 .0.

Depth ,
Wall th lckness. t, mm
7-
e a. mm 10 .3 11.1 11.9 12. 7 14 .3 15.9 17.5 19.1 20.6 22.2 23 .8 25 .4 27 .0 28.6 30. 2 31.8
? fj

a-8
c. ~
:; ::l.
1.0
1.3
No limil
522 .8
No lirnlt
543.1
No limit
562 .0
No limit
580. 2
No limit
No lim il
No Hmit
No limit
No limit
No limi t
No timit
No limit
No
No
limi t
lim it
No li mil
No li mit
No limit
No lim it
No limi t
No Hm tt
No
No
limit
limi t
No
No
limit
Hmit
No Hrnit
No timit
No li mit
No li mit
eg. _ rs- 1.5 522.8 543.1 562.0 580. 2 615 .2 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limi t No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit Nolimit
1.8 522.8 543.1 562.0 580.2 615.2 648.7 680 .6 No limit No limit No limit No Hmit No limit No limit No lim it No limit Nolimit
; @
S N 2.0 363.1 467.7 562 .0 580. 2 615 .2 648.7 680 .6 710. 6 No limit No rntt No Ilmit No Iimit No limit No limit No lim it Noli mil
'< o
cr-;:;
c 2.3 279 .7 340.9 418.4 524.3 615. 2 648.7 680 .6 710.6 739 .4 767.6 No mtt No umtt No limit No limit No limil No limil
e cr- 2.5 231.9 274.8 325.3 388.2 578.3 648 .7 680 .6 710 .6 739 .4 767 .6 794.7 750.6 No limit No limi l No limi t No limi t
" ~
g. :;. 2.8 200.4 233 .5 270.8 315 .1 434 .5 634 .3 680 .6 710.6 739 .4 767.6 794 .7 750 .6 84 5.6 No limit No limit No limit
" c 355 .0 48 2.3 680 .6 710.6 73 9.4 767 .6 794.7 8 20.6 84 5.6 8 70 .3 894 .4 No limit
s.. ? 3.0
3.3
177.7
160.5
204.8
183.6
234.6
208.5
268.7
236.4 303.9 396 .2 529.1 710 .6 739 .4 767 .6 794.7 820.6 845 .6 870.3 894 .4 917.4
a. 3.6 167 .0 212 .2 267. 9 340 .2 437.0 572 .4 739. 4 767.6 794.7 820.6 845.6 870.3 89 4. 4 917 ,/ G;
3 8 146.8 188.5 ;;::
" e 3.8 135.6 153.7 172.7 193 .4 241. 0 300 .5 376.3 475 .5 614.7 767.6 794.7 820 .6 845.6 87 0 .3 894.4 91 7.4
;;
c. e '" ~

::- s I v;
4.1 126.2 142 .7 159.8 178 .2 219.9 270 .6 333.0 410.9 513. 4 658.7 794.7 820.6 845.6 870.3 894. 4 917.4
~ r: ~
\C 43 118.2 133.3 148.9 165 .6 202 .9 247.2 300.3 364.4 445. 1 552.8 701. 9 820.6 845.6 870.3 89 4.4 917.4
5. -c
5-0 'L6 111.2 125 .2 139 .7 155. 0 188 .7 228.3 274.6 329.1 395. 6 480.6 59 1.7 741.4 8 45.6 8 70 .3 894.4 917 .4 "N
o ~ 8
~
_ c z 4.8 105.0 118.2 13 1.6 145.8 176 .8 212.6 253.8 301.3 357.9 427. 9 51 5.8 62 8.0 780.0 870.3 894.4 917. 4
~

.-: (')
5.1 99.6 112.0 124 .6 137. 8 166.5 199.3 236.5 278.7 328.0 387.5 460.0 549.0 663.7 820.8 894.4 917.4
o. e-
~ 2.
e o
5.3 94 .6 106.4 118 .3 13 0.7 1 57.5 187 .8 221. 9 259. 9 30 3.6 355 .5 41 7.1 490 .7 58 2.0 70 1.0 860 .7 91 7.4
5.6 90 .2 101.3 11 2.6 124. 4 111 9.6 177.8 209 .2 244. 0 28 3.4 32 9.4 38 3.0 44 5.6 52 1.1 616 .2 737 .9 89 7.0
8::::l rrte.. 5.8 86 .1 96.8 107.5 118.7 142. 5 169.0 198.2 230.3 266.2 307 .6 355.1 409.6 473.9 552.7 650 .1 772.0
g'" qs::::l 6. 1 82.3 92.6 102.9 113 .5 136. 1 161.1 188. 5 218.3 25 1.3 289.0 331 .8 380 .0 4 36.1 503.2 584. 1 68 2.0
- e
o-. !:;
" 6.4 78 .8 88 .7 98. 6 108 .8 130.4 15 4.1 179.9 20 7.7 238.4 273.0 31 1.9 355.3 404 .9 46 3.4 532.4 61 3.9
>
<r.
~ 6.6 75.6 85.1 94.6 104.4 125.1 147.7 172. 1 198 .3 226 .9 259 .1 294 .8 334 .3 378.8 430.6 490.7 560 .3
z
en
6.9 72.5 81.8 91.0 100.4 120.2 141 .8 165 .1 189. 8 216.8 246. 8 27 9.9 316 .1 356 .6 40 3.1 456.3 516 .9
7.1 69.7 78.6 87 .5 96.7 115.8 136. 5 158.6 18 2.2 20 7.6 235.8 26 6.6 300 .1 337 .3 37 9.6 427.4 48 1.1

~
7.4 67.0 75.7 84.3 93.2 111.6 131.5 152 .8 175.2 199 .3 225.9 254 .9 286.1 320 .4 359.2 40 2.6 4 50.8
7.6 64.4 72.9 81.3 89.9 107 .7 126 .9 147.3 168 .8 191. 8 217.0 244 .3 273 .5 305 .5 341.4 381.1 4 24.9
7.9 6 2.0 70.3 78 .5 86.8 104 .1 122.7 142.3 16 2.9 18 4.9 208 .8 234.7 262.2 292.2 325.6 362.3 402 .4
8.1 59.7 67.8 75.8 83. 9 100 .7 118.7 137. 6 157 .4 178. 5 20 1. 4 226 .0 2 52.0 280 .3 311 .5 345. 7 382 .7
8.4 65.4 73.2 81.1 97.5 114 .9 133.3 152 .4 172 .6 194 .5 218 .0 242 .8 269.4 298.8 330.8 365 .2
8.6 63 .1 70.8 78 .5 94 .5 111.4 129 .2 147 .6 167 .1 188 .2 210.6 234 .2 259.6 287 .3 317.4 349 .6

wo::qaaJ1SllOarMMM ':) 11 (ollllualosl SJ;;'ln;;,~ UOSWOlll'<;q palnqlJ1S!O -oemuueo SI 6u !"ltJOMlaU JO uouo npo xer Ja4lJnJ 0N
' '<;lUO asn s.eesueou JO) vO-ll-vl Ol UO u !YJnO '<;uu80 01 oesueoureueieur palllBu,<;do:)
Jable 311M Values of L for Pipe 51zes ~ 1 320 mm and < 1 422 mm 0. 0. (Cont' d)
Wall 'rhtckness, 1, mm
epth,
d, mm 10.3 11.1 11.9 12.7 14.3 15.9 17.5 19.1 20.6 22.2 23.8 25 ,4 27. 0 28 .6 30,2 31.8

8.9 60.9 68 .4 76.0 91.6 108 .1 125.3 143. 2 162.0 182.3 203 .8 226. 4 250.6 276 .9 305.3 335.6
9.1 66. 2 73.6 88.9 104.9 121. 7 139.0 157.3 176.8 197.5 219.2 242.3 267.3 294.3 322.8
t' 9.' 64. 1 71.4 86.3 10 1.9 118.3 135. 1 152.8 171.7 191. 6 21 2.5 234.6 25 8.5 284.2 311.2
9.7 69 .2 83.8 99.1 115.0 13 1.4 148 .6 166.9 186.2 206 .2 227.5 250 .4 274.9 300.6
@ n
9.9 67.1 8 1.4 96 .4 112.0 127.9 144 .6 162.3 181. 0 200.4 220. 8 24 2.8 266.3 290.8
e ,<
"c. -c
e 10.2 65.0 79. 1 93.8 109.0 124.6 140.8 158.1 176.2 194 .9 214.6 235.8 258.3 281.8
e
g.
e _ o;:" 10.4 76.9 9 1.3 106.2 121.4 137.2 154.0 171.6 189.7 208.8 22 9.2 250.9 273.4
3 lB 10.7
10.9
74.8
72 .8
88 .9
86 .7
103.5
10 1. 0
118.4
115.5
13 3.8
130 .6
150.2
146.5
16 7.3
163.2
184.9
180.3
203.3
198.2
223 .1
217.3
243. 9
237. 4
265.6
258 .3
"
'< o
N
", - 11. 2 70.8 8 4.5 98.S 11 2.7 127.5 143.1 159.3 17 5.9 193.3 21 1.9 23].3 251.5
o N
11.4 8 2.3 96. 1 110 .1 124.5 139.8 155.6 171 .8 188.7 206 .7 225.6 245. 1
3~
11.7 80.3 93.8 10 7.6 121.7 136.6 152.0 167.9 184.3 201.8 220.1 239.0
"o
c. -
ii
2., > 11.9 78.3 91.6 10 5.1 119.0 133.6 148.7 164.1 180.2 19 7.2 215.0 233.3 G;
~~
... ;:'
12.2
1 2.4
76 .4
74.5
89.5
87.5
10 2.8
10 0.5
116.4
113 .9
130 .7
127.9
14 5.5
14 2.4
160.5
157. 1
176.2
172.4
19 2.8
188 .6
210,1
205.5
227,9
222,8 "
m
~
e
72.7 98.3 ~
"8" el"o 12.7 85.5 111.4 125.2 1 39.4 153.9 168 .8 184. 6 201. 1 217.9
~. g
(J')
13.0 83.5 96.2 10 9.1 122.6 136.6 150.7 16 5.4 18 0.8 196.8 213.2 "
,:,
; ~. 13.2 81.7 94, 1 10 6.9 120.1 133.8 14 7.7 16 2.1 177.2 192.8 208.8 :::
~

es: ~ 13.5 79.8 92.1 104.7 117.7 13 1.2 144 .8 158.9 173.6 189.0 204.6
~

:.
o
s: 13.7 78. 1 90. 2 102.6 115.4 128.6 14 2.0 155.8 170.3 18 5.3 200.6
, o 14.0 76.3 88.3 100.5 113.2 126.2 139.3 152.9 16 7.1 181. 7 196.7
~. ~ 14.2 86.5 98.5 111.0 123.8 136.7 150.0 163 .9 178.3 193.0
;:l ;: ' 14. 5 84.7 96.6 108 .9 12 1.5 134 .2 147.3 161.0 175.1 189.4
8 ~ 14.7 83.0 94.7 106.8 119.2 131 .8 144.6 158 .1 171. 9 186.0
;; ~
g ~. 15.0 8 1.3 92.9 104.9 11 7.1 129.4 142.1 155.3 168.9 18 2.7
e- oe 15.2 79.6 91. 1 102.9 115.0 127.1 139.6 152.6 165.9 179.5
;~ 15.5 89.4 101 .0 112.9 124.9 137.2 150.0 16 3.1 176.4
'"
:;: 15 .7
16.0
87.7
86 .0
99 .2
97.4
11 1.0
10 9.0
122 .8
120 .7
134. 9
132.6
147.5
145.0
160.4
157.7
173.5
170.6
'" 16. 3 84 .4 95.7 107. 2 118 .7 130 .4 14 2.6 155.2 16 7.8

~ 16. 5
16.8
94.0
92.3
105.3
103.5
116.7
114.8
128.3
126.2
140. 3
138.1
152.7
150.3
16 5.1
162.5
17.0 90.7 101.8 112.9 124 .2 135.9 147 .9 160,0
17.3 89. 1 10 0.1 11 1.1 122.2 13 3.8 145.6 157 .5
17.5 87.6 98.4 109.3 120.3 13 1.7 143.4 155. 2
t 7.8 86.0 96.8 10 7.5 118 .4 129.7 14 1.3 152,8

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~luO ssn seesueoq JOI trO-l~'v~Ol uo u1ymO uueo 01 pesueoqreuetew pa~6IJdo::>
Table 3-11M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ~ 1 320 mm and < 1 422 mm 0 .0. (Cont 'd)
Z Wall Thiekness, t, mm
e Depth,
d, mm 10.3 11.1 11.9 1 2.7 14.3 15.9 17 .5 19.1 20.6 22.2 23.8 25.4 27.0 28.6 30.2 31.8
" n
'1 o
e -o
c:.. ,<
e , 18.0 95. 2 10 5.8 116.6 127.8 139 .2 150.6
t'"; rr.:: 18.3 93.6 10 /1.1 nz.a 125 .9 13 7. 1 148 .4
~. ;;r
18 .5 92.1 10 2.5 113. 1 124.0 135.1 146 .3
o iC> 18. 8 90.6 100 .9 111 .4 122.2 133 .2 144. 2
~ t-J
99 .4 120.4 131.2 142 .1
ce o 19.1 89. 1 109.7
~ ;:; 97.8 108.1 118.6 129 .4 140 .2
19.3
~ <:T
g,:
c. ~
19. 6 96.3 10 6.5 116 .9 12 7.6 138 .2
o o 19.8 9/1.8 104.9 115.3 125.8 136.3
o >
:: 3 20.1 9 3,1. 10 3.4 113.6 1 24 .1 134.5
"" o 20 .3 92.0 101.9 112.0 1 22 .4 132. 7
"~
o V>
20 .6
20.8
100.4
98.9
110 .5
108.9
120 .7
119 .0
130. 9
129.2
~
3:
m
~
w
:~_ 8 6
~
1'" 2 1.1 97.5 10 7.4 11 7.4 127.5 m
'1'
2 1.3 96. 1 105 .9 11 5.9 12 5.8 N
e
~~
:s:: ~
2 1.6
1 1.8
104 .5
103.0
114.3
112 .8
124. 2
122.6
N

22. 1 10 1.6 11 1. 3 121.0


~. [ 22.11 10 0.2 109 .9 1 19 .4
:1 g
;; 22.6 98.9 108. 4 117. 9
" o 22.9 97 .5 10 7.0 1 16 .4
g <B. B .l 10 5.6 11 5.0
-e oo
- , ~ 23.4 10 4.3 113 .5
>
V>
"!' 23.6 10 2.9 112.1
z 23.9 101. 6 110 . 7
'" 1/1.1 100 .3 109,4

~
24 .4 108.0
lti .6 106 .7
} /1.9 105.4
25. t 104 .1
25.4 102.8

LUo::naaJ1SlpaI'MMM ':)11 (~llquel:JS) SJOlna~ UOSW041 hq palnqlJlslO 'pan lw w d SI 6U!>lJOMIOU JO ucucnporder JEl4lJnJ ON
hlUOeso s.eesueou JO' t'O'l~ 'P lOe: uo UIVJnO hUUeO 01 P;:SU8:J111t!IJ;)WLU pal45uhdo:>
Iab le 312 Values 01 L lor Pipo Slzes ~ NPS 56 l hrough NPS 60
Oepth,
Wa ll Thickness, r, in.
d, In. 0.406 0.438 0.469 0. 500 0.562 0.62 5 0.68 8 0.750 0.812 0.875 0.938 1.0 00 1. 062 1.125 1. 188 1. 250

~ 0.04 No limit No limit No limit No llmit No limit No limit No limit No Iimit No l imit No limit No limlt No lim lt No rmt No Hmit No limit No Hmit
;; n 0.0 5 21.3 6 22. 19 22 .96 23.71 No Hmtt No limit No rntt No I1 mil No li mil No limit No limil No limit No limit No limit No llmlt No limit
"' o
h
e a.
0.06
0.07
21.36
21.36
22.19
22.19
22 .96
22 .96
23.71
23.7 1
25.13
25.13
No Hmit
26.50
No limit
27.81
No
No
limil
limit
No hmlt
No Hmit
No
No
l frmt
timit
No
No
II mil
li mil
No
No
limlt
ttmft
No
No
limit
Hmit
No
No
limi l
mlt
No
No
limit
Iimit
No
No
lirnit
limit
o_. _
~ f1Q~

0.0 8 14.8 3 19.11 22 .96 23.71 25.13 26.50 27.81 29.0 3 No li mil No li mit No limlt No limit No llmit No llrnlt No lirnlt No limit
~ e 0.09 11. 4 3 13.93 17.09 21.4 2 25.13 26. 50 27.8 1 29.0 3 30.21 31.36 No Hmt No limit No fimit No Iimil No limit No Hmit
,,-
"
'<o
o N
N 0. 10
0. 11
9.48
8 .19
11.23
9.54
13. 29
11.0 7
15.8 6
12.8 7
23.63
17.7 5
26. 50
25.91
27 .81
2 7.81
29.0 3
29.03
30. 21
30.21
31.36
31.36
32. 4 7
3 2.4 7
33. 53
33 .5 3
No llmlt
34.5 5
No llmlt
No Hmit
No Hmtt
No Hmft
No limit
No limit
3 ~ 0. 12 7.26 8.37 9.59 10.98 14.50 19.70 27.8 1 29.03 30.21 31.36 3 2.47 33. 53 34.55 35.56 36. 54 No limit
~=r
o o 0.13 6.56 7. 50 8. 52 9.66 12.4 2 16.19 21.62 29.0 3 30. 21 31. 36 32 .47 33.53 34.5 5 35 .56 36.54 37.4 8
o > ;;
::' 3 0 .14 6.00 6.82 7.70 8. 67 10.9 5 13.90 17.8 5 23.39 30.21 31.36 32.47 33.5 3 34. 55 35.56 36.54 37.48
'<
[. 3. 0.15 5.54 6.28 7.06 7.90 9.84 12.28 15.37 19.4 3 25.11 31.3 6 32. 47 33.53 34.5 5 35.5 6 36.54 37. 48 ~

E ~ I ... 0. 16 5.16 5.83 6. 53 7.28 8.98 11.06 13.61 16.79 20. 98 26.91 3 2.47 33 .53 34.55 35.56 36.54 37.48
e;'"
w
(' VJ
;'g
; ~:
I'.l 0. 17
0.18
4.8 3
4. 54
5.45
5.12
6.08
5.71
6.7 7
6.3 3
8.2 9
7.71
10.10
9.33
12.27
11.22
14.8 9
13.4 5
18 .19
16.1 6
22. 58
19.63
28.68
24. 17
33.53
30 .29
34.55
34.55
35.5 6
3 5.56
36.54
36 .54
37 .48
37.4 8 .
e
~
4.83
o~ 6~
0. 19 4.2 9 5.38 5.96 7.22 8.68 10.37 12.31 14.6 2 17.48 21. 0 7 25.66 31.87 35.5 6 36. 54 37,48
0.20 4.0 7 4.57 5.09 5.6 3 6.80 8. 14 9.66 11. 39 13.40 15.8 3 18 .79 22.4 3 27.12 33.53 36.54 37.48
S
g
s: 0.21 3.8 7 4.3 5 4.8 3 5.34 6.44 7.67 9.06 10.6 2 12. 41 14.5 2 17.0 4 20.0 5 23.78 28.64 35.17 3 7.48
0.22 3.68 4. 14 4.6 0 5.08 6.1 1 7.2 7 8.55 9.97 11 .58 13.46 15.6 5 18.21 21.29 25.18 30.1 5 36. 6 5
3: ir
; "' 0. 23 3. 52 3.95 4.39 4.85 5.82 6.90 8. 10 9.4 1 10.8 7 12. 57 14. 51 16.7 3 19.36 22. 58 26 .56 31.54
::l :j

.0"s:"
oo "-
" rn
g
0.24
0.25
0.26
3.36
3.22
3.0 9
3.78
3.6 2
3.48
4.20
4.03
3.87
4.64
4.44
4.27
5.56
5.33
5.11
6.58
6.2 9
6.0 3
7.70
7.35
7.0 3
8.92
8.4 9
8 .10
10.2 7
9.74
9.27
11.81
1 1.16
10. 58
13. 56
12.74
12.05
15.53
14.52
13 .66
17.8 2
16. 54
15.48
20.56
18 ,9 3
17.59
23.86
21.7 5
20.0 5
27.8 6
25.08
22,8 9
o a
>
V>
;! 0.27
0.28
2.96
2.85
3.34
3.2 1
3.72
3.58
4.1 0
3.9 5
4. 91
4.73
5.79
5.58
6.7 4
6.48
7.76
7.44
8 .86
8 .48
10.08
9.6 3
1 1.4 3
10.89
12 .91
12.26
14.57
13.78
16.47
15.51
18.64
17.4 6
21.12
19.6 5
z 0.29 2.74 3.09 3.45 3.81 4.56 5.37 6. 24 7.16 8.14 9.23 10.41 11.6 9
!" 13.09 14.68 16.4 5 18 .4 2
0.30 2.6 3 2.98 3.32 3.6 7 4.40 5.19 6.0 2 6.90 7.8 4 8.8 6 9.98 11.18 12.48 13.9 5 15.5 7 17. 36

lID 0.31
0.32
2.53
2. 44
2.87
2.77
3.2 1
3.10
3.55
3.43
4.25
4.11
5.01
4.8 5
5.81
5.62
6. 6 5
6.43
7. 55
7.2 9
8.5 3
8. 23
9.59
9.23
10.71
10.30
11.94
11.45
13.30
12.73
14.80
14.12
16.44
15.64
0.33 2.67 2.99 3.32 3.98 4.70 5.44 6. 22 7.0 5 7.9 5 8.91 9.92 11.0 1 12.21 13. 52 14.92
0.34 2.58 2.89 3.21 3.86 4.55 5.28 6.03 6.83 7.69 8.6 1 9.57 10.61 11.74 12.97 14.28

'WOO'l aaJISlp ar MMM ' :) 11 (:>!JIIua!:>sJ SJa lna~ UQSWOlU q palnqlJ1S!O -oenuured SI 6U!'l1JOMlau JO uouonporoer Jalj lJnJON
'IUO esn s.aesueou JOI vO-Z: l-v~OG UO u!VJnO uuea 01pesuaoureueieur paI1.l61Jdo:)
Jable 312 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ~ NPS 56 lhro ugh NPS 60 (Conl'd)
ep th. Wall r htckness, t, In.
d. in. 0.406 0.438 0.469 0.500 0.562 0.625 0.68 8 0.75 0 0.812 0.875 0 .938 1.000 1.062 1.1 2 5 1. ] 88 1.250

% 0.35 2.4 9 2.80 3.11 3.7 4 4.4 2 5. 12 5.85 6.6 2 7.4 5 8.33 9.2 5 10.24 11.31 12.4 7 13.71
o
; n
0.36 ... 2.7 0 3.0 1 J .6J 4.29 4.97 5.68 6.4 3 7.22 8.07 8 .96 9.90 10.92 1 2.02 13. 19
'O o 0.J7 2.6 2 2.92 3.52 4.17 4.83 5.52 6.24 7.01 7.83 8.68 9.58 10.56 11. 6 1 12.72
8.~ 0.38 ... ... 2.83 3.4 2 4.0 5 4.7 0 5.37 6.0 7 6.82 7.6 1 8.43 9.29 10.23 11. 23 t 2.28
:s a.
~. tg.
o _
0.39 ... ... 2.74 J .J J 3.94 4.5 7 5.23 5.9 1 6.6 3 7.40 8. 19 9.02 9.92 10.88 11.88
0. 40 2.66 3.23 3.8 3 4.45 5.0 9 5.7 5 6.46 7.20 7.96 8.77 9.63 10. 55 11. 51
~ @ 0.41 ... 3. 14 3.73 4. 34 4.96 5.61 6. 29 7.0 1 7.75 8.53 9.37 10. 2 5 11.1 7
-<
" o
N
0.42 3.06 3.6 3 4.23 4 .84 5.4 7 6. 14 6.83 7.5 5 8.3 1 9.11 9.97 10.8 5
11 ;:; 0. 43 ... ... 2.97 3.5 4 4.13 4.72 5.34 5.99 6.67 7.37 8.10 8.88 9.70 10.55
3 cr
~~ 0.44 ... 2.8 9 3.45 4.02 4.61 5.2 1 5.8 5 6.5 1 7.19 7.90 8.66 9.4 5 10.27
o ir 0. 45 3. 36 3.9 3 4. 50 5.09 5.71 6.36 7.0 2 7.71 8 .45 9.22 10.01
8,> 0. 46 ... 3.28 3.8 3 4.39 4.9 7 5. 58 6.21 6.8 6 7.53 8. 25 8 .99 9.76
,: ~,. 0.47 ... ... 3. 20 3.74 4.29 4.8 6 5.4 6 6.07 6.71 7.36 8.06 8.78 9.53 ;;
3 g 0. 48 ... .. . . .. 3.12 3.66 4. 20 4. 7 5 5.34 5.94 6.56 7.20 7.88 8.58 9.31 ;:
" "'"
;
~
s
8.
~
.
w
0.49
0.50
0.51 ...
.. . 3.04
2.9 7
...
3. 57
3.49
3.41
4.11
4.0 2
3.93
4.6 5
4. 55
4.46
5.22
5.12
5.01
5.8 2
5.70
5.58
6.4 2
6.29
6.16
7.05
6.90
6.76
7.1 1
7.54
7.39
8. 39
8. 21
8.04
9. 10
8.9 0
8.71
m
m
~
'"
e'"
:=" -e
,,"o
o ~ 0.52 ... ... .. . 3.34 3.85 4.3 7 ti.91 5.47 6.0 3 6.6 2 r.i 7.88 8.5 3
~
3 :::
~. g. 0.53 ... 3.26 3.7 6 4.28 4.81 5.36 5.92 6.ti9 7.09 7.72 8.3 6

~ ;;.
~
o.ss .. . ... ... 3.19 J. 69 4.19 4.72 5.26 5.80 6.J7 6 .96 7.5 7 8. 19
::s 0.55 ... ... 3.12 3.6 1 4. 11 ti.6 2 5.15 5.69 6.25 6 .8 3 7.43 8 .04
8 ~ 0.56 ... ... 3.53 4.0 2 ti.53 5.06 5.59 6.13 6. 70 7.29 7.88
"
"t-t, 0.57 ... ... ... .. . 3.46 3.9 5 4.45 4.96 5.4 8 6.0 2 6.5 8 7.15 7.74
-
~
::s~.

2, ~
0.58

0.5 9 ...
.. .
... .. .
3.39
3.32
3.8 7

3.79
v r
s.zs
4.8 7
4.78
5. 38
5.29
5.91
5.80
6.46
6.3 4
7.0 2

6.90
7.60
r.s
>~
0.60 ... 3.25 3.72 s.zo 4.70 5.19 5.70 6.23 6.7 8 7.33
'"
z
!'" 0.6 1 .. . 3.65 4.13 4.61 5.10 5.60 6. 13 6.6 6 7.21
0.6 2 ... . .. ... 3.58 ti.05 4.53 5.02 5.51 6.0 2 6.55 7.09

e 0.6 3
0.64
0.65 ...
...

... ...
...
.. .
3.5 1
3.45
3.98
3.91

3.84
4.45
4.38
ti.30
4.9 3
4.8 5

4.77
5.4 2
5.33
5.24
5.92
5.83
5.73
6.4ti
6.34
6.24
6.97
6.86
6.75
0.66 ... 3.77 4.23 4.69 5.16 5.64 6.1 4 6.6 4
0.67 ... ... 3.71 4.16 4.61 5.0 7 5.55 6.04 6. 54
0.68 ... ... ... ... .. . ... 3.64 ti.09 4. 54 ti.99 5.47 5.9 5 6.ti4
0.69 3. 58 4.02 4.4 6 4.92 5.38 5.8 6 6.3 4
OJ O ... ... ... 3. 51 3.95 4. 39 4.8 4 5.30 5.77 6. 24

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,(UO esn s.eesua oq JOJ vO-U-v Wl uo u'VmO uu eO 01 PasU9:J!118!J98W pa l~6IJdo:J
Table 3-12 Values of L for Pipe Sizes " NPS 56 Through NPS 60 (Cont'd)
Wall rhkkness. t. in.
Depth,
d. In. 0.406 0.438 0.469 0.500 0.562 0.625 0.688 0.75 0 0 .812 0.875 0.9]8 1.000 1.062 1.125 1.188 1.250
Z
e
0.71 3.89 '1.32 4.76 5.22 5.69 6. 1 S
.g r:
il o 0. 72 3.83 4.26 4.69 5.14 5.60 6.06
0.'" 0.73 3.7 6 4.19 4.62 5.07 5. 52 5.98

.l~
0.74 3.70 4.12 4.55 4.9 9 5.4 4 5.89
0.75 3.6'1 4.06 4.48 4.92 5.36 5.81
il @ 0.76 4.00 4 .4 2 4.8 5 5. 29 S.73
~
-c o
~ 3.9 4 4.35 4.78 5. 2 1 S.65
0.77
8- -e~
C. N
0.78 3.87 4.29 4.7 1 5. 14 5.S7
g.g- 0.79 3.82 4.22 4 .64 5.07 S.49

"':;: .,a.
;T 3
0 .80
0. 81
0.81
3.76 4.16
4.10
4. 0 4
4.58
4 .51
4. 45
5.0 0
4.93
4.8 6
5.42
5.3S
S.28
~
"
~

3 f:" w
~
~
5
(/l
I~
.4
0.83 3.98 4.39 4.80 5.21 ~
,-
0 .84 3.93 4.33 4.73 S.14
~ 8. ~

o.as 4.27 4.6 7 5.07 ~


:E !! ~
::;: -e

n 0.86 4.21 4.61 S.Ol


0.87 4.1 5 4.55 4.94
o 0 .88 4 .1 0 4.49 4.88
" n
~. ~
0 .89 4.04 4 .4 3 4.82
~ ~. 3.99 4.37 4.76
r::.; 0.90
o - 0.91 4. 3 2 4.70
;;; m
gre. 0.92
0. 93
4.26
4.20
4.64
4.58
e ~
;9
vo '
0.9 4 4. 1 S 4.5 2

3: 0.9S 4.1 0 4.47


r-t 0. 96 4.41
0. 97 4.3 6
~ 0.98 4.3 1
W 0.99 4.25
1.00 4. 20

WCY.)leaJjS4-::lejMMM '811 (-::lIJlluel-::lsl SJalne~ UOSWOlll q pl nqlJls!opell!wJed S! 5U!)jJOMaU JO uononporder JllnmJ ON


~IUO asn seesueoq JO vO-~~-tdO~ uo u'ymO uueO 0\ oesusou reuoreur paq5IJdo:
Table 312M Values 01 L l ar Pipe 5izes ~ 1 422 mm Through 1 524 mm 0.0.
e pth, Wall thfckness, t. mm
"2 d, mm 10.3 11. 1 11.9 12.7 14.3 1 5.9 17.5 19.1 20 .6 22.2 23.8 25.4 27.0 28 .6 JO.2 31.8
; r:
-c o 1.0 No limit Nolimit No li rnit No Hmtt No Hmit No Hmtt No Hmit No limit No limit No hmit No mtt No Hmlt No Hm it No Ilmit No llmft No limit
8. ~
e a. 1.3 542. 6 563.6 583.2 602 .1 No limit No l imit No limft No li mil No limlt No Iimit No Hmit No limit No lim il No mtt No Hmlt No limit
oe::". '"
_
:::r 1.5 542. 6 563.6 583 .2 602. 1 638 .4 No l imit No li mil No limit No li mit No li mit No Hrntt No limit No limit No limit No Hm lt No mtt
o @ 1.8 54 2.6 563.6 58 3.2 602. 1 638.4 673 .2 706 .3 No Iimlt No limlt No Ilmlt No Hmlt No Hmtt No Hrntr No ll mit No limit No lim
Eo
'<
N 2.0 376.8 485.4 583 . 2 602. 1 6 38.4 673.2 706.3 737.5 No tlmlt No limit No limit No Hrn tt No mtt No limit No limlt No llmit

""
e. ;3 2.3 290.3 353.8 4 34.2 544. 1 638 .4 673.2 706.3 737.5 76 7.3 796.5 No llmit No li mit No limit No Hmtt No l imit No mtt
3 ~ 2.5 240.7 28 5.1 33 7.6 40 2.9 600.1 673.2 706 .3 737.5 76 7.3 79 6.5 8 24 .7 85 1.5 No limit No Hmtt No Hrntt No Hmtt
g.S-
o o
2.8 207.9 24 2.3 28 1. 1 327.0 450. 9 658.2 706.3 737.5 767.3 796.5 8 24.7 85 1.5 877.5 No li mil No limit No Hrmt
3.0 184.4 212.6 243.5 278.9 368.4 SOO.s 706 .3 737.5 767.3 796.5 8 24.7 85 1.5 871.5 90 3.2 928. 1 No li mil
2. >
3.3 166.5 190.5 21 6.3 245.3 315.4 411.1 549. 1 737.5 76 7.3 79 6.5 8 24.7 851. 5 871 .5 90 3.2 928 .1 952 .1
[.s
-' 3
G;
3 2 3.6 152.3 173.3 19 5.7 220.2 278.0 353.0 4 53.5 594.0 767.3 796.5 82 4.7 8 51.5 871.5 903.2 928. 1 9 52.1 ;<
" o 3.8 140.7 159.5 179.2 200.7 250.1 311.8 390 .5 493.4 63 7.9 796. 5 82 4.7 85 1.5 877.5 903 .2 928. 1 952 .1 ~

~ I ..
" V>
-;!l"
4 .1
4.3
131.0
122.6
] 48.1
138.3
165.8
154.6
18 5.0
171.9
228. 2
210.5
28 0.8
25 6.5
345 .6
311. 7
4 26.4
378. 1
532.8
461. 9
683.6
573.6
824 .7
728.4
851.5
851.5
871.5
871.5
903. 2
903 .2
928. 1
928.1
952 .1
9 52.1
'"c;
~

- -'<
VI
4.6 115.4 130.0 144 .9 160.8 195.9 236.9 28 5.0 341.6 4 10.5 498.7 614.0 769.4 877.5 903 .2 928. 1 95 2.1 ...
g- ~ s
S s: 4.8 109 .0 122 .7 136 .6 15 1.3 183 .5 220.6 263.4 312.7 371.4 444.0 53 5.2 6 51.7 80 9.5 90 3.2 928. 1 952. 1
~

~ g 5.1 10 3.3 116.2 129 .3 143.0 172.8 206.8 24 5.4 289.2 340.4 402.2 4 77.4 569.8 688.8 85 1.7 928. 1 9 52 .1
~ ~ 98 .2 122.7 135.7 163.5 194.9 230 .2 269.7 315.1 368.9 4 32.9 509.2 603.9 727. 5 893.2 952 .1
5.3 110 .4
gK 5.6 93 .6 10 5.2 11 6.9 129.1 155.2 184.5 217.1 253.2 294.1 34 1.8 397.5 462 .4 540 .8 6 39.5 765.7 930. 8
o !C
5.8 89.3 100 .4 1 11. 6 123.2 147. 9 175. 4 20 5.7 238.9 276.2 319.2 368.5 4 25.0 491. 8 573.6 674 .7 8 01.2
g '"
o
g l'!:. 6.1 85. 4 96 .1 106.7 117.8 141. 3 167.2 195. 7 226.5 260.8 299.9 344.3 394.4 452.5 522.2 606.2 707.8
- o
~ "
o "
>;l
6.4
6.6
8 1.8
78. 4
92. 0
88.3
102 .3
98. 2
112.9
10 8.4
135.3
129.8
1 59.9
1 53.2
186. 7
178 .6
215.5
205.8
247.4
23 5.5
283 .3
268.9
323.7
30 6.0
368.7
346. 9
420.2
393.1
480 .9
446.9
552.5
509.3
6 37 .0
581.4
V>
3: 6.9 75.3 84.8 94.4 104.2 124.8 14 7. 2 171. 3 197.0 224.9 256. 1 290.4 328.0 370.0 418.3 4 73 .6 536. 5
rrt 7.1 72.3 81.6 90 .8 100.3 120. 1 14 1.6 164 .6 189.0 21 5.4 24 4.7 276.7 311.5 350.0 393 .9 44 3.5 499. 2

~
7.4 69. 5 78.S 8 7.5 96.7 115.8 136. 5 158 .5 181.8 206.8 234.4 264 .5 296.9 332.5 372.8 41 7.8 4 67 .8
7.6 66.8 75.7 84.4 9 3. 3 111.8 131.7 152.9 175.1 199.0 225.2 253.5 283.8 317. 1 354. 2 395.5 44 0.9
7.9 64.3 72.9 8 1. 4 90. 1 108.1 127.3 14 7.7 169.0 191.8 216.7 243.5 272. 1 303.3 337 .9 376.0 4 17.6
8 .1 61.9 70.3 78 .6 87. 1 104 .5 123.1 142 .8 163.4 18 5.2 209.0 234. 5 261.6 290.9 323.2 358.7 397.1
8 .4 67.9 76.0 84.2 101.2 1 19.3 138 .3 158.1 179.1 201. 9 226.2 251.9 279.6 310. 1 343.3 379.0
8. 6 65.5 73.4 81.5 98. 0 1 15.6 134 .1 153.2 173 .4 19 5. 3 218.6 243. 1 269.4 298 .2 329.4 362.8

WOOISaJ)SlpSMMM '811 (::lljIlUSI::lS) s.Ja lns~ UOSW041 Aq palnqUSlO 'peu.uned SI 5U!''iJOMla U JOuouonpordar J84lJnJ 0N
'AIUO esn s.eesueoj JOJ vo-U PlOl UD u!ymo Auuea 01 pesueonreueieur peI1l5!JAdo:)
Table 312M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;, 1 422 mm Through 1 524 mm 0 .0. (Cont'd)
Depth , Wall Ihlckness, t, mm
d, mm 10.3 11 .1 11.9 12.7 14 .3 15.9 17.5 19.1 20.6 22.2 23 .8 25.4 27.0 28 .6 30.2 31.8

8.9 63.3 71 .0 78 .9 95.1 112. 2 13 0.1 148.6 168.2 189.2 21 1.5 235 .0 260.0 287 .4 316.8 348 .2
9.1 68.7 76.4 92.2 108.9 126.3 14 4.] 163.2 18 3. 5 205.0 227. 5 2 51.4 277 .4 305. 4 335.0
t' 9 .4
9.7
66. 5 74. t
71.8
89.5
86 .9
105.8
10 2.8
122 .8
119 .4
140.2
136.4
158.5
154.2
178.2
173.2
198 .9
19 3.2
220.5
214.0
243.4
236.0
268.3
259.8
294.9
285.2
323.0
312.0
; r
-c o 9.9 69.6 84.5 100.0 11 6.2 132.7 150.0 168. 5 18 7.8 207. 9 229.2 25 2.0 276.3 301.8
E. ~ 10.2 67. 5 8 2.1 97.3 113.1 129.3 146.1 164 .0 18 2.8 202.2 22 2.7 244.7 268 .0 292 .4
oo=..,::r_
e a.
10.4 79.8 94.8 110. 2 126.0 142.4 159.8 178 .1 196.9 216.7 23 7.9 260.3 283.7
:: e
El N
10 .7
10.9
77 .6
75.5
92 .3
89.9
1 0 7. 4
104 .8
122.9
119.9
138. 9
13 5.5
155.8
152.1
1 73.6
169.3
191.8
18 7.1
211.0
205.7
231.5
225.5
253. 1
246.4
275.6
268. 1
-c o
cr" 11 .2 73. 5 87.6 10 2.2 117.0 132.3 148 .5 16 5.3 18 2.6 200.6 219 .9 240.1 261.0
o
11 .4 85. 4 99.8 114 .3 129.2 14 5.0 161.5 178 .3 19 5.8 214.5 234. 1 254. 3
3~
g. S- 11. 7 83.3 97 .4 111. 6 126.3 141.8 1 57.8 174. 2 191.3 209 .4 228. 4 248. 0

o > 11. 9 81.3 95 .1 109. 1 123.5 138.6 154.3 170.3 18 7.0 204.6 223. 1 242. 1
::' 3 G;
12. 2 79.3 92.9 106.6 120 .8 13 5.6 150.9 166.6 18 2.9 200 .1 218.0 236.5 3:
[. ~. 12 .4 77.3 90 .8 104.3 118.2 132.7 14 7.7 16 3.1 179.0 19 5.7 213.2 231. 2
m
~

~ I~ 12.7 75.4 88.7 10 2.0 115.7 129.9 144. 7 159.7 175.2 191.6 208.6 226 .1 ~

;
::!. '" 13.0 'i'
~
g. ;S" 13.2
86 .7
84 .8
99.8
97.7
113.2
110.9
127.3
124.7
14 1.7
138.9
156.4
153.3
17 1.6
168.2
187.6
183.8
204 .3
200. 1
221. 3
216.7 e
~
-
-
~ 2,
'<
13.5 8 2.9 95.6 108 .6 122.2 136.1 150.3 164.9 180. 2 196.1 212.3
~ ?:: 13.7 81.0 93.6 10 6.4 119.8 13 3.5 147.4 161. 7 176.7 19 2. 3 208.1
:;: g 14.0 79.2 91.7 104.3 117.4 130.9 144.6 1 58 .6 173.4 188.6 204.1
._.
....
o o
1-4 .2
14 .5
89.8
87.9
10 2.2
100.2
115.2
11 3.0
128.5
126.1
141.9
139.3
15 5.7
152.8
170.1
167 .0
18 5.1
181. 7
200.3
196.6
o !'. 14. 7 86. 1 98.3 110.9 123 .8 136.7 150.1 164.0
g m 178 .4 193.0
g lE.
o 15.0 84.4 96 .4 108.8 121. 5 134.3 14 7.4 161.1 175.3 189.6
-o o 15.2 82.7 94 .5 10 6.8 119.3 131.9 144. 9 158 .3 172. 2 186.3
~.
> ;; 15. 5 92 .7 104 .9 11 7.2 12 9.6 142.4 1 55.6 169.3 183. 1
r:m 15.7
16.0
91.0
89.3
10 3.0
101.1
11 5.2
11 3.1
127.4
125. 2
140.0
137.6
153.0
150.5
166.4
163.7
180 .0
177 .0
16.3 8 7.6 99.3 11 1.2 123.1 135.3 148. 0 161.0 174.2

~ 16.5
16 .8
97.5
95.8
10 9.3
10 7.4
121.1
119.1
133. 1
13 1.0
145.6
143.3
158 .4
155.9
171.4
168.7
17 .0 94.1 10 5.6 117.1 128 .9 141. 0 153.5 166.0
17.3 92.5 10 3.9 115. 2 126 .8 138.8 15 1.1 163 .5
17.5 90.9 10 2.1 113.4 124 .8 136.7 148.8 161.0
17.8 89.3 10 0.4 111.6 122.9 134.6 146.6 158 .6

'wo::n aaJISlj:>aI' MMM '::)11 (:>IJ1IUal:l S) SJalna~ UOSWOljl q palnq lJIS!O -oeujun ed S! 6U!'lIJOMISU JO uouonpordor J94\.JnJ 0N
'};IUO esn s.eesueou JOJ vO-Z:~ 'v~Ol uo u' VJnO uueO 01 pesueoursueieur P8146!Jdo:::
Table 3-12M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ~ 1 42 2 mm Through 1 524 mm 0 .0. (Cont'd)
Z WaU rh tckness, t, mm
o Dept h,
; n d. mm 10.3 11.1 11 .9 12.7 14 .3 15.9 17.5 19 .1 20.6 22 .2 23.8 25.4 27.0 28.6 30.2 ) 1.8
"Sie "Oe
C- ~ 18 .0 98.8 109.8 1 21. 0 132.6 144 .4 156.3
o~ cf'
_. ""
_ 18.3 97.2 108. 1 119.2 130. 6 14 2.3 154.0
18.5 ... 95.6 10 6.4 11 7.3 128.7 140 .2 151.8
~
~
e
t-l
18.8 ... 9 4.0 10 4.7 11 5.6 12 6. 8 138 .2 149.6
~ e 19. 1 91.5 10 3.1 11 3.8 124.9 136.2 14 7.5
g" 19.3 10 1.5 11 2.2 123.1 134. 3 14 5.4
3 .'l
fi;. 19.6 100.0 110 .5 121 .4 132 .4 14 3.4
c;ro;
19.8 98. 4 10 8.9 119.6 130.5 1/d .5
2.. > 20. 1 96.9 10 7.3 117 .9 128.7 139.6
- ..",3
:! 20.3 95.4 105 .7 1 16 .3 127.0 137.7 >
'" ::l
3 g
, 20 .6 ... 10 4 .2 114 .6 125.2 135.8
'"
~

r.
H
'"
20.8 10 2.7 113.0 123. 5 13 4 .0 '"
m
~
w
~
21.1 ... 101.2 111.5 121.9 132.3
~ !?
_. '<
;. O
" 21.3 ... 99 .7 109.9 120 .2 1 ) 0 .5 '"
;"
O
O ~ 21.6 ... 108.4 1 18. 6 128 .8 ;:;
S ~ 21.8 ... 106.9 11 7. 1 127 .2
r.
r.
a. e- 22.1 10 5.5 11S.5 125 .6
2::l :;.
5 22.4 10 4.0 1 14 .0 124.0
n
o, -m 22.6 102. 6 11 2.5 122 .4
~

g
::l
~
22.9 ... 101.2 111.1 120.S
-e "
_ . r.
o
23. 1
23 .4 ...
109.6
10S.2
11 9. 3
11 7.S
> !2 23.6 ... ... ... 106 .S 11 6.4
'"
<: 23.9 ... ... 105.4 114.9
rn
24. 1 ... ... .. . 10 4.1 11 3.5
...
~ 24.4 112.1
24.6 110 .7
24.9 109 .4
25. 1 108 .0
25. 4 106 .7

wOOaa nSlpalMMM ':)11 (~IJ IU al:lS) sJana~UOSWOlll q panqU1S!O oemuceo SI 5Ul)!JOMaU JOuouoncorder J811lJnJ 0 N
(UO asn s.oosueou .101 t>O-~~-vlOC: uo u!'y'JnO (uue O O} pasueouieuereur paq51J(do:)
r-
r-
p

INTENTI ONALLY LEFT BLANK

48
Copyrig ht 2012 by th c America n Socicty of' Me ch anica l Eng ineers. ~.
No re prod uctio n may be mad e of this material without written conscnt of AS M E. ~
A5ME B31G INTERPRETAT10 NS

ASM E 8 316
INTERPRETATIONS VOlUME 1

Replies to Technical lnquiries


October 30, 2009 through April 30, 2012

FOREWORD
1t has been agreed to p ublish interpre tat ions issued by the 631 Cornmi ttee concem ing B31G
as part of the upda te ser vice to the Manual. Th e interpretati ons ha ve beco assign ed numbe rs in
chro nological arder. Each int erpretatio n applies either to the latest Ed ition at the time of issua nce
of the intcrpretati on or the Edi tion stated in the reply. Subseq uent revisio ns lo the Manual may
ha ve supersed ed the rep Iy.
Th ese replies are ta ken ve rbati m from the originall ette rs, excep t for a few typogra phica l and
editori a l correcti ons made for the purpose of improved c1arity. In sorne instan ces, a review of
th e interpreta tion revealed a need for correc tions of a technical nature. In these cases, a revi sed
repl y bearing th e origi nal interp reta tion n umber wi th the suffix R is p rese nted . In the case wh ere
an in terp retati on is co rrected by er ra ta , the o riginal int er preta tion n umber with th e suffix E is used .
ASME p roced ures p rov id e for reco ns ideration of these nt erp re ta tions when or if addition al
info rruation is available which the inquirer believes might affect the interpret ation. Further,
persons agg r eved b y an interpretaticn may a p pea l to the cog nizant ASME commtttee or sub com -
mi ttee . As stated in th e Stateme nt of Poliey in the Code d ocuments. ASME does not "approvc ,"
"certify," "ra te, " or "end orse" any item, cons truction, proprieta ry device, or activity.
Fo r deta iled instruction s o n prepa ra tion of techni ca l inquiries to the B31 Co mm ittee, refer to
"Correspond enc e With the B31 Co mmittee " in the front matter.

1-1
Copyright 20 12 by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
1'\0 reproduction may be mude of this material without writtcn cense n! uf ASME.
ASME B31G INTERPRETATION S

Interpretation: G-1-0 1

Subjcc t: A5ME B31G-2009


Da te Issu ed : Sep tembe r 29, 2011
File: 11-1259

Q uestion (1): Whe n ca1culating the term z = L2/Dt, is t in this case the corroded pipe wa ll
thi ckn ess?
Reply (1): No. Dimension t is the uncorrode d p ip e wall thickness.

Question (2) : Wh en calculating the failure stress (SF), is t the corroded pipe wall thickness?
Repl y (2): Yes o

Question (3): Whe n calcula ting th e hoop stress (So or Sil), is t in thi s case th e carrode d pipe
wall thickness?
Repl y (3): No. Dime nsi n t is th e un co rro ded pipe wall thickness.

Question (4): Does t rep resent the uncor rrod ed pipe wall thickness?
Reply (4): Yes o

1-2
Copyright 20 12 by thc American Socicty ofMcchanical Bngineers. &
1\0 rcproduction may be madc ofthis material without writtcn conscnt 01' ASME . ~
ASME CODE FOR PRESSURE PIPING, 831

Power Piping ... ...... . . . . . .. .. . . . . .................. ..... . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ............... 83 1. 1-20 12


Process Piping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 8)1. 320 10
Tuberias de Proceso . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 831.320 10
Pipeline t ransportaton Svstems tor Liquids and Slurrie s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...... . . . . .. . . .. . . . . 83 1.4-2012
Refrige ration Piping and Heat Transfer Compone nts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ...... . . . . . . . . . . 83 1.S-2010
Gas Transmissio n and Distrib ution Piping Svstems ...... ..... . ..... .. . . . . . . . .. ... ....... ...... 8 )1.8-201 0
Managing Svstem Integrity of Gas Plpenes . .. ........ .. .. ..... .. .. . . . . .. . . ... . ..... .. . 8 31. 85-201 0
Gesti n de Integ ridad de Sist emas de Gasoductc s ... .......... ... .. . . __ . . _. . . . .. . . . . . . 831. 85-20 10
8 uil ding Services Piping .. _... . . . _......... . . . .. __ _... ... B31.9-2 011
Slurry Transpo rtation Pip ing Systems _. . ............. _. . . .. .. . . .. . . . . . B31.11 2002
Hydrogen Pip ing and Pipeli nes.... .. . ... . .. . . ... . . . . . ... .. . .... ... . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . B31. 12-20 11
Standard ter the Selsrmc Deslgn and Retrof it of Above-e rouno Pip ing Systems . . ......... . ... . . . . .. . .. . . . . B)lE-2008
Manual for Determi ning the Remai ning Strength of Corrod ed Plpenes: Supptement to ASME B31 Code for Pressure Pipi ng. . . 8 31G-2012
Standard Test Method for Det ermin ing Stress ntenslcation Factors (i-Factors) ter Metallic Piping Cornponents .......... .. 83 1/-200 8
Pip elin e Personnel Qualific ation . ... ... .. . . . . . . . . .. . . .. ..... . . .. .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B) l Q2010
Califi cacin del Personal de Li neas de Tuberia s .. . .. .. . .. ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B31Q-2010
Standa rd ro ugbness Requfrement s for Piping ... . . ... . . . . . . .. . .. . .. . . ... . . . . . . ....... .. ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .831T-20 10

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No rcproduction may be made of this material without writtcn consent of ASME.

ISBN 978-0-79 18-]448-0

III I ~ I~I~lllil l l l l ll~~II~I


A12 112

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