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m=108,853 kg /h ,

T h ,i=103 , T h , o=50 , T c, i=45 , T c ,o=65 ,


C Pin =2.608 KJ /Kg , C Pout =2.669 KJ / Kg

Stream1 & Stream2 - Tube(hot); Air inlet & Air outlet Shell(Cold)
1. Thermal duty (heat transferred) (arrange and edit from
Daniel)

Thermal duty: q=mC P t

m=108,853 kg /h=30.237 kg /s

C P= Average ( C Pin ,C Pout ) =(2.608+ 2.669)/2 KJ / Kg=2.6385 KJ / Kg

t=103 50=53
Thermal duty q=m C P t=30.237 2.6385 53 KW =4228.3572 KW

2. Overall heat transfer coefficient (to be calculated)

3&4. F correction factor and Corrected Log Mean


Temperature Difference
assume flow is counter current
T 2 T 1 ( T h ,o T c, i )( T h ,i T c , o )
T lm, CF = =
T2 ( T h , oT c, i )
ln
( )
T1
ln
(( T h ,i T c , o ))
( 5045 )(10365)
=16.2710
5045
ln ( )
10365

Corrected log mean temperature difference T m=F T lm ,CF

To find the geometry correction factor F, assuming stream1 &


stream2 as tube (hot), and air inlet & air outlet as shell (cold).

t ot i 50103
P= = =0.91 38
T i t i 45103
T iT o 4565
R= = =0. 377 4
t ot i 50103

Lmtd correction factor charts


https://checalc.com/solved/LMTD_Chart.html
The value of P is above 0.9, according to the F diagram with one-
shell pass condition where the maximum P value is 0.9, it should be
at least two shells in this case.
There are at least 4 tubes pass if there are 2 shells. Hence, the
current assumption is 2 shells with 4 tubes pass, so it need to be
interpolating from F diagram with two-shell passed condition. The
calculated F equals 0.787.

P R F
0.9138 0.2 0.91
0.9138 0.4 0.77
0.9138 0.3774 0.787
Table1 Interpolation result of F
Hence, the corrected log mean temperature difference:
T m=F T lm ,CF =0.787 16.2710 =12.8053

1P
F=
R2 +1 ln ( 1PR ) =
( R1 ) ln
[ 2P ( R+1 R2 +1 )
2P ( R+1+ R2 +1 ) ]
5.Required heat transfer surface area
2
Assume U trial =1 w /m

Therefore, the actual area is


q 4428357.2 2
A 0= = =m
U T m 1 12.8053

The required area is

A= A 0 1.1=m2=m2

6.Number of tubes, number of tube rows and the number of


tube passes
7.Total Air Flow and the resultant outlet air temperature

8.Number of Fans and Air Flow per Fan, plus fan motor size

9.An estimate of the overall heat exchanger dimensions


(Number of bays)

Appendix A- Counter Flow Temperature Diagram