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LUNETA PARK: LAYOUT AND AESTHETICS

Three sections divide the park, the first is the Northeastern Section
that starts at the Agrifina circle, 16 hectares large, which formerly
houses the Department of Agriculture and Department of Finance,
now the location of the Department of Tourism and National
Museum of Anthropology. The second section is the Central
Section, a park proper that is 54 hectares large bounded by Roxas
Boulevard, Padre Burgos Ave. and Kalaw Ave. The last section is
the Southwest section traversing Burnham Green which is a 10
hectare open field, the Quirino Grandstand and Manila Ocean Park
along Manila Bay.

There are many gardens that can be found within the park and this
includes the following: (insert pics)
LUNETA PARK: A HISTORICAL GARDEN
Luneta Park or Rizal Park is one of the most popular spots in the Children's Playground
Philippines located at the heart of Manila. Surrounded by busy - This is a perfect place for kids to play and relax .
streets like that of Taft Avenue and Roxas Boulevard, its green
display of variety of flora exudes the feeling of serenity and
Chinese Garden
calmness to anyone who passes by and wants to take a break from
the urban life. Aside from the lush greenery that is offered by the - This place contains ornate Chinese-style gate, carved with
different themed gardens within the park, this park also has swirling dragons, pagodas and gazebos that are set off by red
historical markers, plazas, a grand stadium, an observatory, an pillars and green-tiled roofs decorated with a variety of
open-air concert hall, an artists' sanctuary, a light-and-sound Chinese figures. This place is perfect for people who
theatre, restaurants, food kiosks and playgrounds, and dozens of
fountains that makes it perfect for recreational and relaxation appreciate Chinese architecture.
activities. Japanese Garden
More than just a park, this place has played an important role in our - This place shows the beauty of Japanese landscape and
history. Luneta Park has witnessed the struggles and hardships of the promotes the friendship between Japan and Philippines
Filipino people as we made transition from Spanish to American
regime, the British and Japanese invasion, then back to being an Noli me Tangere Garden
American colony and finally gaining independence. Moreover, it is the - This garden features the Heidelberg park that Rizal used
home of our symbol of nationhood, the monument of Dr. Jose Rizal to visit durinh his stay in Germany. This symbolizes the
who is our national hero. Luneta Park is also situated adjacent to other friendship between Philippines and Germany
historical sites, like the famous walled city Intramuros, Quirino Orchidarium and Butterfly Pavilion
Grandstand and many educational establishments like National Library
and National Museum of Anthropology. This is why a walk in this park - This place showcase Philippines diverse species of
feels like more than just a walk in what seems to be a huge garden, orchids and butterflies which is perfect for wedding
but it is a walk down the memory lane of the Philippine history. events
DESIGNER OF LANDSCAPE: Through the spring and summer of 1905, Burnham worked with
both Anderson on the plans for the Philippines, while Bennett
Luneta Park dates back to Spanish times when the Paseo de worked on the plan for San Francisco. Burnham and Anderson
Luneta was completed just south of the walls of Manila on a found that Manila had mostly level land with a surface a few feet
marshy patch of land next to the beach during the Spanish above mean high tide, and the Pasig River running through it.
rule. Prior to the park, the marshy land was the location of Also, the planners thought the developments in industry and
a small town called Nuevo Barrio that dates back to 1601. agriculture could lead to fast population growth. The plan states
that it aims to provide:
Paseo de Luneta was the center of social activity for the
people of Manila in the early evening hours. This plaza was - Development of water-front and location of parks
and parkways so as to give proper means of
arranged with paths and lawns and surrounded by a wide
recreation to every quarter of the city
driveway called "La Calzada" (The Road) where carriages
- The street system securing direct and easy
circulate.
communication from every part of the city to every
In 1902, William Taft commissioned Daniel Burnham, other part
architect and city planner, to do the city plan of Manila. - Location of building sites for various activities
Government/National building group (including
Government buildings will have Neo-classical edifices with
the Capitol building and Department buildings)
Greco-Roman columns. Burnham chose Luneta as the
* Should be configured in a single, formal mass
location of the new government center. A large Capitol
* Eastern front should face a semi-circular plaza
building, which was envisioned to be the Philippine version space, ideal for a national monument of compact
of the Washington Capitol, was to become its core. It was plan and simple silhouette RIZAL MONUMENT
to be surrounded by other government buildings, but only
two of those buildings were built around Agrifina Circle, Semi-public buildings (libraries, museums,
facing each other. They are the Department of Agriculture permanent exposition buildings) stretching from the
and the Department of Finance (now the Department of Government group northward toward the bridge of Spain
Tourism and soon to be the Museum of Natural History). Railway station centrally located on the river and between
Pace and Pandacon, connected by its own system of
radiating arteries with all quarters of the city
--Development of waterways for transportation

A railway drawbridge over the Pasig Abundant foliage, fountains of water, and
An additional port to the North of the river near the present a continuous parkway along the waterfront
business and railway freight districts Preservation of the system of canals, or
Preservation and rejeuvenaton of the esteros, or narrow canals, esteros
Streets conforming to the natural contours
around the city as a source for freight handling and for beauty
of the land
An open quai along river-banks in the business parts of town
A street system with diagonal streets
radiating out from the civic center to
-Summer resorts outlying parts of the city
Suggestions:

Placement on high grounds Design Elements:


Accessible/within easy reach of the city
Vertical Lines are prominent in the
in summary, the plan of Manila included
park due to presence of
A civic center: a grouping of cultural and
governmental institutions located near the bay and
monuments. There are several
south of the old walled inner city monuments that can be seen not
Major public buildings NOT in the neoclassical
style, but formally arranged only of Rizal, but there is also the
Special considerations due to the tropical climate monument of Lapu-lapu and other
Efforts to accomodate the manana ambience of the
Spanish-Philippine tradition bronze statues of people.
Space along the river and seashore for private clubs,
a luxury hotel, and public use Horizontal lines are evident in
Improved public facilities, but no public, low-rent
housing walkways and pathways through
gardens
Design Elements:
Design Elements:
Texture- there is contrast between
Form- the form of landscape is that the hard texture of bronze in the
of radial arrangement where there monuments and the soft texture of
is a focal point and walkways and the green meadow. Also the soft
pathways radiate from it. Also, the texture of greenery is refreshing to
form is similar to the Garden of the eyes.
Eden concept of Mesopotamia and
Persian

Color- the predominant color of the


park is green which is refreshing to
the eyes of the people and makes a
serene and calm impact to the
people passing by. Moreover, the
walk through the different gardens
within exposed you to a variety of
colors of plants

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