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Aspect Forging Casting

Definition Application of thermal and Process of where metal is


mechanical energy to steel heated until molten and is
billets to cause the material to poured into a mold to create
change shape while in solid any desired shape.
state.
Part Size Generally used for smaller part For a wider range of wear parts
or components which is suitable and components that are large,
for forging. Can forge up to unsuitable for forging process.
50kg, limited part size. Can cast up to 3,000 kg if
required. No real upper size
limit.
Shape complexity Have a limit in the shape of Can process any complicated or
materials such as flat bar complex parts or materials.
cylinders and round shafts.
Design flexibility The design flexibility is limited The design flexibility is far
compared to casting. The shape exceeds that of any other
limited when undercuts or process. It enables the design
coned sections are required. engineer to match the design to
its function.
Mechanical properties Good mechanical properties: 1. Low structural integrity
1. High strength 2. Low strength due to
2. High ductility grain size is free to
3. High toughness expand when in liquid
Also, presence of plastic form but became
deformation. random when it
solidifies.
Performance in service High performance due to its Low performance in service but
better properties than casting. can still work in normal
Long lasting. situations.
Defects are unavoidable.