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IAS PARLIAMENT

A Shankar IAS Academy Initiative

KURUKSHETRA - MARCH 2017

BUDGET 2017-2018
RURAL DEVELOPMENT

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SHANKAR IAS ACADEMY
Plot No.1742, Ist Floor, 18th Main Road, Anna Nagar, Chennai 600 040.
Phone : 044-26216435, 64597222, 4353 3445, Mobile : 94441 66435
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Contents

Sl.No. Titles

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1. Redefining Agricultural Growth and its Challenges 3

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2. Focussing on Skill Development and Education 4

3. Digigaon : Connecting Rural India

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4. Social Security for Better Health 7

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KURUKSHETRA - MARCH 2017

1. Redefining Agricultural Growth Societies (PACS) with core banking system


and its Challenges of District co-operative banks. This will
ensure the seamless flow of credit to small
Indian agriculture has come a long way since and marginal farmers.

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independence, with chronic food scarcity
giving way to grain self sufficiency despite The Farmers should feel secure against the

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a two and a half fold increase in population natural calamities at the time of sowing. The

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Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
Although agriculture share in the GDP is a step in that direction. The target of

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is about one-fifth, agriculture and allied 50% from 30% coverage aims to bring more

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activities remain the major sources of farmers under safety net.

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livelihood for about half of the population.

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The new budget has made a provision of soil
The Government policies for the last two testing mini labs in all Krishi Vigyan Kendras

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years from launching of different farm across the country. Farmers will get their

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centric programmes to enhanced allocations soils tested by these centres which are run
under different agriculture related schemes, by rural entrepreneurs, with the assistance

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reaffirm the commitment work under the of the Government.
form sector.

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The increased allocation of upto Rs.40,000

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Some Highlights crores to the already established long term

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irrigation Fund and the 5000 crores to the
Despite the increase in number and coverage
micro irrigation Fund will help to achieve
of financial institutions in the country, the
the goal of Per crop more drop.
truth is that most of the farming community
is still outside the framework of these
The coverage of National Agricultural Market
institutions. In the budget 2017-18, the
(e-NAM) to be expanded from 250 marks to
fiscal allocation increased to 10 lakh crores
585 APMCs. Assistance upto Rs.75 lakhs
for the settlement of farming community.
will be provided to every e-NAM market
for establishment of cleaning, grading and
To ensure the flow of credit to small
packaging facilities. This will leed to value
farmers, Government to support NABARD
addition of farmers produce.
for computerisation and integration of all
the functional Primary Agricultural Credit

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Market reforms will be undertaken to Many face insecurity of tenure and the growing
denotify the perishables from APMCs and threat of land alienation and pressures from
allow farmers to sell such items directly to urbanisation, industrialization and powerful
consumers to get better prices. interests.

A proposal was made in the budget to They often lack access to sufficient productive
integrate farmers who grow fruits and resources, such as land, water, fertilizers and
vegetables with agro processing units for seeds as well as to markets information and

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better price realisation and reduction of post technology.
harvest losses.

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Problem of lack of timely access to credit

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NITI AAYOG recommended for enacting a from formal institutional sources small
model law on contract farming on the pattern holdings need credit for both consumption

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of Punjab. The Government had made a draft and investment purposes.
and will send it to various state Government

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for the opinion before making into a final act. Low level of formal education limits public

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dissemination of knowledge and information

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on Agriculture. This can further result into
Dairy and Infrastructure Development fund
lack of training and capacity building to

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under NABARD with Rs.8000 crores for the
acquire and adequate skills.
next three years has been set up. This will

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create an additional milk processing capacity
In the wake of depletion of ground water, in

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and additional income to farmers.
many areas, the marginal and small farmers
are going to face more problems regarding

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The increased allocation of funds under in water in future.
MGNREGA which is about 48,000 crores

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is the highest allocation ever made. This Focussing on Skill Development and
provides a great thrust to rural India. Education

Challenges Education is a major source of productive


human capital which results in overall economic
Small size of land reduces the farmers growth. As a subject of education is in the
ability to invest in lumpy inputs, or gain concurrent list, the policy and implementation
from economies of scale and favourable initiatives of both the central Government and
agribusiness opportunities or have the State Government are important to impart
necessary bargaining power in markets and education. There is a 10% increase in budget
service agencies. allocation to this sector this year.

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Primary and Secondary Education New thrust is being given to Unnat Bharat
Abhiyan UBA is to enable higher educational
The flagship central scheme - Sarva Siksha institutions to work with the people in rural
Abhiyan for universalisation of school India in identifying development challenges
education has been given the increment of and developing appropriate solutions for
1000 crores this year. accelerating sustainable growth.

The teacher training, adult education and Initiatives for Digital Rural India
the mid day meal scheme also had a hike in
allocation when compared to last year. The digital literacy scheme Pradhan

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Mantri Gramin Digital Sakshatra Abhiyan

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Higher Education (PMGDISHA) was launched for covering six
crore additional rural households to make

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Allocations were made to improve the salary from computer literate.
scale of university and college teachers by

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revising the pay scales. Under this scheme, each of the 250,000 gram

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panchayats would be expected to register on

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The budget allocates 250 crores for capital
an average 200 to 300 candidates.

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expenditure for setting up of higher education
financing agency. The Government had

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The massive online open platform SWAYAM
declared to come up with 20 world class
is launched within aim to create to skill

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institutes for which 50 crores are allocated.
development and employment generation.

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Research is one of the important component
of the higher education and for this, Prime
Emphasis on skill development

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Minister Research fellowship has been

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The setting up of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal
created, under this scheme 1000 fellowships

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Kendras which enables the skill promotion
will be provided each year.
and penetration to the youths is a major step
Proposed to set up on Innovation fund for in making the skill India.
secondary education which will help in
encouraging local innovation for ensuring The Central Government will launch Skill
universal access, gender parity and quality Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness
improvement. Programme (SANKALP) at a cost of Rs.4000
crores and aims to provide market relevant
Central Government has also taken initiatives training.
for improvement in the medical higher
education and plan to increase post-graduate The next phase of Skill Strengthening for
seats for medical science in different existing Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE) will
medical institutions. be launched at the cost of Rs.2,200 crores.

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The special attention and impetus given Telemedicine


to the schemes of ministry of minority
affairs which promotes skill development Rural area residents often have substandard
schemes like seekho aur kamao, `Nai health care because majority of speciality
manzil, Nai Roshini, Garib Nawaz Skill physicians are likely to be located in the
Development centre, and Begun Hazarat concentrated urban areas.
Mahal Scholarship for Girls.
The lack of experience in health care

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Digigaon : Connecting Rural India providers in rural areas, late discovery of
diseases also adds upto the worsening

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Majority of the Indian population dwells in its health problems.

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village (Gaon) and the dream of a developed India
cannot be a possibility without true integration Telemedicine has the potential to bridge this

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of the marginalised. geographical distance between the urban and
rural and can facilitate health care in these

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remote areas.

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Since Gaon in India are disconnected from
the mainstream urban services, an increased

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digital connectivity will come in handy in As the country goes digital, Telemedicine
can be seen as perfect solution. The quality

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providing better healthcare, education and skill
and affordable health care can be achieved
sets in rural areas through Digigaon initiative

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through this initiative.

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The Bharat Net project is a way to achieve
The Telemedicine model village of Aragonda,
the goal of digital India and fulfill DigiGaon
Andhrapradesh should be taken as example

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initiative. Bharat project is the backbone of
and further villages should be developed.
Digital India in various ways to establish data

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Highways.

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The Telemedicine projects like SEHAT
which was launched under PPP mode should
The two basics of growth in any society is the
be encouraged and further strengthened.
level of education and the health of its citizens
and therefore, Digigaon initiative primarily Digital Education and skill
focuses on these basics of Education and Health
through digital means. The quality of education in Rural India has
always been questionable but with the arrival
However lack of infrastructure, poor of Broadband Highways, Digital education
electricity access, and low internet penetration will break the barrier which prevented
in the semi urban and rural areas have held back students from receiving quality education.
development of digital services so far.

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There is a focus on developing massive Social Security for Better Health


online open courses (MOOC) and portals like
Swayam to help rural students study any T h e rece n t b u d get a imed a t overall
course of their choice from Institutions all development of the nation with focus on full-
over the country and abroad. filling the dreams of every section inducing the
poor, the farmers and the under privileged.
Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta
Abhiyan (PMGDISHA) will promote the digital Initiatives and Allocations
literacy and the rural entrepreneurship.

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The increased allocation in PMFBY will
In keeping with skill India initiative, soft support the farmers and cover that risk, for

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skill courses regarding computer literacy are long they have been facing many adversities
being planned at rural centres. This would

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because of risks that were not covered.
gradually develop students learning in these

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centres as future instructors, improving Participation of women in MGNREGA
rural digital education through own human has increased to 55% and the increased

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resources.

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allocation to 48,000 crore will empower more
women.

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Possible Impacts

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The increased allocation of funds for PMGSY,
With DigiGaon, the distances will become
will help in transport of farm produce to

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immaterial and will also impact migration.
nodal villages. Infrastructure of storage,

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Connectivity will bring jobs to the villages processing and distribution of produce can
and so will be the services. be developed along these roads to facilitate

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farmers.

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With connected devices a farmer can now

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monitor his crops and keep a track on health The Swachh Bharat mission coverage went
of his harvest and in case of any need can up to 60% from 42%. This will save lot of
directly consult expert and labs. funds, as the villages will be healthy and
lesser medical expenditure is required.
A digitally connected farmer can self learn
new agri tech on internet at no or minimal The proposed micro irrigation fund will
cost and increase the harvest. promote micro irrigation, which will help in
reducing depletion of water due to optimal
In case of diseases of field or cattle he can use.
seek opinion of an academic or veterinary
doctor and resolve problems in no time; NABARD being a specialized organisation,
can order the equipment, seeds, fertilizer, which has the spread and know-how of
medicines etc in online, that too cashless.

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ground level realities and needs has been and monitoring the implementation of all
given importance in this budget. This further health relaxed programs.
strengthens the rural credit system.
More optimum utilisation of the rural health
Government will set up minilabs in Krishi infrastructure already created including
Vigyan Kendras, which will have employment human resource to yield expected results.
opportunities. Village level understanding of
soil and research work will be an enabler to P r i n t a n d e l e c t r o n i c m e d i a h a v e a

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maximize from farms. responsibility to identity the gaps in the
successful implementation of the programs

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The proposed dairy development fund will in the rural areas.

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propel the dairy industry and inturn it will
benefit the women as they are majority in There should be continuous studies by
independent accredited institutions to

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tending to cattle in villages.
identify the factors inhibiting the progress

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The schemes like Janani Suraksha Yojana, in rural areas as compared to urban areas

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National Rural Health mission, Janani with in the block, district and state.

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Sishu Suraksha Konyakam, etc have
been addressed well in the budget and the T h e e l e c t e d s t a t e l e g i s l a t u r e r s a n d

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outcomes of these schemes the also in the parliamentarians must be involved in the

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positive note. half-yearly review of the progress of each
health program in their constituencies and

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Agencies implementing health programmes necessary improvements must be made
must induce gram panchayats in planning accordingly.

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