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BASIC CALCULUS

ANTIDERIVATIVE OF A POLYNOMIAL AND RADICAL FUNCTIONS


SALOSAGCOL, NELSON R. [1] Pangasinan State University
GALLIM, FRANCIS [2]

Time Frame: 1.5 hours

Learning Objectives
At the end of the lesson, the students must be able to:
illustrate the antiderivative of a function;
compute the general antiderivative of polynomial functions; and
compute the general antiderivative of radical.

Materials
Pen and paper

Learning Resources
(1) Basic Calculus for Senior High School. Eurlyn Domingo, Don Bosco Press. 2016.
(2) Calculus 9th Edition. Ron Larson et.al. 2010.

Procedures

A. Introduction
Antiderivative Scavenger Hunt
The teacher will be posting questions about antiderivatives of a function (Basic
Integration Rules, Power Rule, and Properties of Indefinite Integral).
1.

2.

3.


4.

5.

6.

The students will solve problems posted. Then, he/she will going to find answers
written on crumpled papers scattered on the floor (whole classroom). Note that
some of the papers do not contain the correct answers.
The first students who found papers with correct answers will decide if they will
discuss their solution and answer or pin point other to discuss their own work.

B. Motivation
The teacher will ask for four pairs and will do the game charade.
The words to be drawn are related to solving antiderivation of polynomial and radical
function.
Inverse Process Function Derivative
Guide Question:
Based on the 3 words guessed by the student, define what is antiderivative.
Polynomial Power Rule Radical
Guide Question:
What do you think will be the role of these 3 words to our new topic?

C. Delivery
We will look at antiderivatives of polynomial and radical functions using the story
below.
(The class will be divided into 3 groups. Group 1, Group 2 and Group 3 will work on Example
#5, Example #4 and Example #6, respectively.)

One afternoon a rain pours hard in the city of Bayambang where Kiko Saluyot
lives. He is a BSE Math student and a candidate for Suma Cum Laude (SCL). In order to
achieve that goal, he should pass his last exam the next day about their recent topic
which is solving antiderivatives of a certain type of function (this is the only chance for
him to be qualified as SCL). However, Kiko fell asleep during their discussion so he has
to study the lesson on his own. Unfortunately, his book got wet during the rain. Some
text are illegible and difficult to read. He opened his book to the page of their recent
topic and saw this:
The title of the topic and procedures are illegible but some of the examples are clear.

Essential Question:
Can Kiko Saluyot has the chance to pass the exam and become Suma Cum Laude? How?

Guide Questions:

(Consider Example #5)


1. What type of function is given in no. 5?
2. What algebraic and antiderivatives concepts are depicted in the solution of no. 5?
3. Generate now a rule on how to solve antiderivative of this type of function.

(Consider Example #4)


1. What type of function is given in no. 4?
2. What algebraic and antiderivatives concepts are depicted in the solution of no. 4?
3. Generate now a rule on how to solve antiderivative of this type of function.
(Consider Example #6)
1. What type of function is given in no. 6?
2. What algebraic and antiderivatives concepts are depicted in the solution of no. 6?
3. Generate now a rule on how to solve antiderivative of this type of function.

The teacher will now ask representative from each group to present their
generalization on their task.
The teacher will make the final and more fixed procedures in solving antiderivatives
of polynomial function, radical functions and the combination of the two. And, correct
some misconceptions regarding the presented answers by the students
The teacher will give more examples.
(In this part ask them to discuss some of the examples and encourage your students
to ask questions.)

D. Practice
Solve the antiderivative of the following functions. Show your complete and correct
solution.

1.
( + )
2.
( + + )

3.

4.
( + )
5.
( + + )
6.
( + )

E. Enrichment

The teacher will present problems extending the use of solving the antidreivative
of the polynomial and radical functions.
(In this part expect more whys and hows from the students about the procedure in solving
functions that looks different from the examples given. For instance finding the
antiderivative of ( + 1)2 . Let them generate rule for this. You may use art of questioning
for them to answer it in their own.)
F. Evaluation

Solve the antiderivative of the following functions. Show your complete and correct
solution.

1.
( + + )

2.
( + + )
3.
( + + + )
4.
( + )
5.
( + + )
6.
( + + )