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Constitutional Law II Review Judge Edilwasif Baddiri

Required Textbook

Bernas S.J., Fr. Joaquin (2011) The 1987 Philippine Constitution: A Comprehensive
Reviewer, Manila: Rex Book Store, Inc.
Bernas S.J., Fr. Joaquin (2003) The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines: A
Commentary, Manila: Rex Book Store, Inc.
Nachura, Antonio (2015) Outline Reviewer in Political Law, Quezon City: VJ Graphil Arts,
Inc.

Classroom Policies

Students are expected to have read the assigned materials for the class sessions and will be
called for recitation.

University rules governing absences are observed.

Cell phones and other electronic devices must be kept in silent mode. Students must refrain
from using these devices during classroom sessions.

Plagiarism and cheating are grave offenses of intellectual dishonesty and are punishable by
university rules.

Consultation and discussion is available upon request of the student. Email me:
ebaddiri@gmail.com
Week 1:

INTRODUCTION

Political Law
People v. Perfecto, 43 PHIL 887
Macariola v. Asuncion, AM No. 133-J, May 31 1982

Scope of Political Law


Constitutional Law
Administrative Law
Public Corporations/Local Government Code
Law on Public Officers
Election Laws

A. CONSTITUTIONAL LAW 1

Constitution
Definition
Classification
Qualities of a Good Written Constitution

Phillipine Constitution
Essential Parts
Interpretation/Construction
Francisco v. House of Representatives GR No. 160261, Nov. 10, 2003
Civil Liberties Union v. Executive Secretary GR No. 83896, Feb 22, 1991
(Self Executing v. Non Self Executing Provisions)
Gamboa v. Teves, GR No. 176579, June 28, 2011
Manila Prince Hotel v. GSIS, GR No. 122156, Feb 3, 1992
Doctrine of Constitutional Supremacy
Manila Prince Hotel

Constitutional History
Malolos Constitution
Treaty of Paris, December 10, 1898
McKinleys Instructions, April 7, 1900
Spooner Amendment, March 2, 1901
Philippine Bill, July 1, 1902
Philippine Autonomy Act, August 29, 1916
Philippine Independence Act (Tydings-McDuffie Act) March 24, 1934
1935 Constitution (Three Amendments)
Japanese Occupation
1973 Constitution
Provisional Freedom Constitution, Proclamation No. 3, March 25, 1986
1987 Constitution, Feb 2, 1987, De Leon v. Esguerra, Aug 31, 1987

Important Principles
Separation of Powers Principles
Principle of Checks and Balances
Principle of Comity
Hierarchy of Laws
Power of Judicial Review
Doctrine of Operative Fact
Political Questions Doctrine
Inherent Powers of Government
Immunity from Suit
Doctrine of Qualified Political Agency
Non-Delegation of Power
Power of Control and Supervision

Week 2:

Preamble

Re: Letter of Tony Q. Valenciano, re: Holding of Religious Rituals at the Halls of Justice
Building in Quezon City, AM No. 10-4-19-SC, March 7, 2017
(Include Dissenting Opinion of Justice Leonen)

Week 3:

Article I: The National Territory

R.A. 5446 (Sabah)


PD 1596, June 11, 1978 (Kalayaan Island Group)
Reagan v. Commissioner, 30 SCRA 968
People v. Gozo, 53 SCRA 476
R.A. 9522, The New Baselines Law of 2009
Magallona v. Ermita, 655 SCRA 476
1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea
Most Rev Pedro Arigo v. Scott Swift, GR 206510, Sept 16, 2014
The South China Sea Arbitration: Philippines v. China, July 12, 2016
The South China Sea Dispute: Philippine Sovereign Rights and Jurisdiction in the West
Philippine Sea (Justice Carpios Ebook)

Week 4:

Article II: Declaration of Principles and State Policies

Legal Value of Article II


Tondo Medical v. CA, 527 SCRA 746 (2007)
Bases Conversion and Development Authority v. Commission on Audit, 580 SCRA 295

Section 1. Philippines as a Democratic and Republican State


Lawyers League for a Better Philippines . Corazon Aquino, GR 73748, May 22, 1986
In re Letter of Associate Justice Puno, 210 SCRA 588
Republic v. Sandiganbayan, GR No. 104768, July 21, 2003
Co Kim Cham v. Valdez Tan Keh, 75 PHIL 113 (1945)
ACCFA v. CUGCO, 30 SCRA 649 (1969)
PHHC v Court of Industrial Relations, 150 SCRA 296
Spouses Fontanilla v. Hon. Maliaman, GR Nos. 55963, February 27, 1991
Shipside Inc v. CA, GR 143377, Feb 20, 2001
PVTA v. CIR, GR L-32052, July 25, 1975
People v. Gozo, 53 SCRA 476 (1973)
Rosas v. Montor GR 204105, October 14, 2015
People v. Perfecto, 43 Phil 887
Vilas v. City of Manila, 229 US 345
Laurel v. Misa, 77 Phil 856

Section 2. Generally Accepted Principles of International Law


Article 2, UN Charter
Doctrine of Incorporation
Doctrine of Transformation
Agustin v. Edu, 88 SCRA 195
JBL Reyes v. Bagatsing, GR No. 65366, October 25, 1983
Tanada v. Angara, 272 SCRA 18 (1997)
Bayan v. Zamora, GR 138570, October 10, 2000
Lim v. Executive Secretary, GR 151445, April 11, 2002
Mijares v. Ranada, GR 139325, April 12, 2005
Shangri-La v. Developers, GR 159938, March 31, 2006
Pharmaceutical v. DOH, GR 173034, October 9, 2007
SOJ v. Lantion, GR 139465 *In the Philippines, statutes and treaties may be invalidated if
they conflict with the Constitution.
Philip Morris v. CA, GR 91332, July 16, 1993 *While international law is made part of the
law of the land, it does not imply primacy of international law over national law.
Vinuya v. ES, GR 162230
Saguisag v. ES, GR 212426
Bayan v. DND Sec. Gazmin, GR 212444

Section 3. Civilian Supremacy and AFP Role


Alih v. Castro, GR 69401, June 23, 1987
IBP v. Zamora, 338 SCRA 81 (2000)
Kulayan v. Tan, 675 SCRA 482

Section 4. Duty of Government to the People


People v. Tranquilino Lagman, GR L-45892
People v. Primitivo De Sosa, GR L-45893, July 13, 1938
PD No. 1706, The National Service Law, Aug 8, 1980

Section 5. Maintenance of Peace and Order

Section 6. Separation of Church and State


United Church of Christ in the Philippines v. Bradford United Church of Christ, 674 S 92

Section 7. Independent Foreign Policy


Lim v. Executive Secretary, GR 151445, April 11, 2002
Saguisag v. ES, GR 212426
Bayan v. DND Sec. Gazmin, GR 212444

Section 8. Freedom from Nuclear Weapons


Bayan v. Zamora, GR 138570, October 10, 2000
Lim v. Executive Secretary

Section 9. Social Order

Section 10. Social Justice


Calalang v. Williams, 70 Phil 726

Section 11. Personal Dignity and Human Rights

Section 12. Family Life; Mother; Unborn


Roe v. Wade, 410 US 113 (1973)
Meyer v. Nebraska, 262 US 390 (1922)
Pierce v. Society of Sisters, 262 US 510 (1925)
Wisconsin v. Yoder 40 LW 4476 (1972)
Ginsberg v. New York, 390 US 629 (1968)
Imbong v. Ochoa, GR 204819, April 8, 2014: The RH Law does not violate the right of an
unborn child as guaranteed in S12, A2. The question of when life begins is a scientific and
medical issue that should not be decided without proper hearing and evidence. The framers of
the Constitution intended conception as fertilization and protection is given upon
fertilization. Not all contraceptives are ban. Only those that kill or destroy the fertilized
ovum are prohibited. The intent of the framers was to prevent the Legislature from passing a
measure that would allow abortion. The IRR redefinition of abortifacient in S4a of the RH
Law is violative of S12, A2. S7 of the RH Law which excludes parental consent in cases
where a minor undergoing a procedure is already a parent or has had a miscarriage is anti-
family and is violative of S12, A2.
Orceo v. COMELEC, GR 190779, March 26, 2010

Section 13. Vital Role of Youth


Basco v. PAGCOR, 197 SCRA 252
Boy Scouts of the Philippines v. COA, GR 177131, June 7, 2011
Section 14. Role of Women and Equality of Men and Women

Section 15. Right to Health


Imbong v. Ochoa: The RH Law does not violate S15. It does not do away with RA 4729
(Regulation of Contraceptive Drugs and Devices) and RA 5921 (Regulation of Pharmacy)
laws that prohibit the sale and distribution of contraceptives without prescription,

Section 16. Right to a Balanced and Healthful Ecology


Oposa v. Factoran, 224 SCRA 792 (1993)
C&M Timber v. Alcala, GR 111088, June 13, 1997
LLDA v. CA, 231 SCRA 292 (1994) and 251 SCRA 42 (1995)
MMDA v. Residents of Manila Bay, GR No. 171947, December 18, 2008
Boracay Foundation Inc v. Province of Aklan, 674 SCRA 555
Paje v. Casino, GR 207267, Feb 3, 2015
Internation Service v. Greenpeace Southeast Asia, GR 209271 and GR 209430
Section 17. Education, Science and Technology, Arts, Culture and Sports
Guingona v. Carague
Philconsa v. Enriquez: S5, Art14 which provides for the highest budgetary priority to
education is merely directory.

Section 18. Labor Protection


JMM Promotion v. CA, GR 120095, Aug 5, 1996
PASE v. Drilon

Section 19. Self-Reliant and Independent National Economy


Garcia v. BOI, 191 SCRA 288 (1990)
Tanada v. Angara, 272 SCRA 18 (1997)
Association of Philippine Coconut Dessicators v. PCA, GR 110526, Feb 10, 1998
Pharmaceuticals v. Duque, Oct 9, 2007: Free enterprise does not call for the removal of
protective regulations.

Section 20. Role of Private Sector


Marine Radio v. Reyes, 191 SCRA 205
Boracay Foundation v. Province of Aklan

Section 21. Promotion of Comprehensive Rural and Agrarian Policy


Gamboa v. Teves, June 28, 2011 Dissent of J Abad *S21 is not self-executing

Section 22. Promotion of Rights of Indigenous Cultural Communities

Section 23. Community-Based Private Organizations

Section 24. Vital Role of Communications


PLDT v. NTC, 190 SCRA 717

Section 25. Local Economy


Rodolfo Navarro v. Executive Secretary Ermita, GR 180050, April 12, 2011
Belgica v. ES, 2013 *With PDAF, a Congressman can simply bypass the local development
council and initiate project on his own. Thus, insofar as individual legislators are authorized
to intervene in purely local matters and thereby subvert genuine local autonomy, the 2013
PDAF Article and similar forms are deemed unconstitutional.

Section 26. Equal Access to Political Opportunities and Political Dynasties


Pamatong v. COMELEC, 427 SCRA 96 (2004)
Belgica v. ES *It was not demonstrated how the Pork Barrel System can propagate political
dynasties.

Section 27. Honesty and Integrity in Public Service

Section 28. Full Public Disclosure


Neri v. Senate, GR 180643, March 25, 2008
Garcia v. Teves
Briccio Pollo v. Karina Constantino-David, Oct 18, 2011
Philippine Savings Bank and Pascual Garcia III v. Senate Impeachment Court, Feb 9, 2012
In Re: Production of Court Records, Feb 14, 2012
Week 5:

Article VI: The Legislative Department

Section 1. Legislative Power; Non-Delegation


Araneta v. Gatmaitan, 101 PHIL 328 (1957)
Rubi v. Provincial Board, 39 PHIL 660 (1918-1919)
People v. Maceren, 79 SCRA 450 (1977)
Eastern Shipping Lines v. POEA, 166 SCRA 533 (1988)
Tablarin v. Gutierrez, 152 SCRA 730 (1987)
Cebu Oxygen Acetylene Co. v. Drilon, 176 SCRA 24 (1989)
Osmena v. Orbos, 220 SCRA 703
Chiongbian v. Orbos, 245 SCRA 253 (1995)
Rodrigo v. Sandiganbayan, 309 SCRA 661
People v. Vera, 65 PHIL 56 (1937-1938)
Solicitor General v. MMA, 204 SCRA 837 (1991)
Abakada Guro Party List v. Purisima, 562 SCRA 251
United States v. Ang Tang Ho, 43 Phil 1
Employers Confederation v. National Wages and Productivity Commission, GR No. 9619
People v. Rosenthal, 68 PHIL 328
Agustin v. Edu, 88 SCRA 1
Ynot v. IAC, 148 SCRA 659
United States v. Panlilio, 28 PHIL 608
Securities and Exchange Commission v. Interport Resources Corporation, 567 SCRA 354
Gerochi v. DENR, GR No. 159796, July 17, 2007
PSL Inc., v. LLDA 608 SCRA 442
People v. Que Po Lay, 94 Phil 640
People v. Dacuycuy, 173 SCRA 90 (1989)
Carbonilla v. Board of Airlines Representatives, 657 SCRA 775

Section 2. Senate Composition

Section 3. Qualifications of Senator


Poe-Llamanzares v. COMELEC, March 8, 2016

Section 4. Senator: Term of Office; Voluntary Renunciation

Section 5. Composition of the House of Representatives; Apportionment; Party List


Tobias v. Abalos, 239 SCRA 106 (1994)
Mariano v. COMELEC, 242 SCRA 211 (1995)
Sema v. COMELEC, GR No. 177597, July 16, 2008
Bagabuyo v. COMELEC, GR No. 176970, December 8, 2008
Aquino III v. COMELEC, GR No. 189793, April 17, 2010
Aldaba v. COMELEC, GR No. 188078, January 25, 2010
Ocampo v. HRET, GR No. 158466, June 15, 2004

Party List
Ang Bagong Bayani v. COMELEC, 359 SCRA 698 (2001)
VC Cadangen, et al v. COMELEC, GR No. 177179, June 5, 2009
Veterans Federation Party v. COMELEC, 342 SCRA 244 (2000)
Partido v. COMELEC, GR No. 164702, March 15, 2006
Lokin, Jr. v. COMELEC, GR Nos. 179431-32, June 22, 2010
Atong Paglaum, Inc. v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 203766, April 2, 2013
PGBI v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 190529, April 29, 2010
Ang Ladlad LGBT Party v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 190582, April 8,2010
ANAD v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 206987, September 10, 2013
Coalition of Associations of Senior Citizens v. COMELEC, G.R. 206844-45, July 23, 2013
Bello v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 191998, December 7,2010
ABC v. COMELEC, GR. No. 193256, March 22, 2011
Abang Lingkod Party-List v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 206952, October 22, 2013
Cocofed-Philippine Coconut Producers Federation, Inc. v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 207026,
August 6, 2013
Milagros Amores v. HRET, G.R. No. 189600, June 29, 2010

Section 6. Qualifications of Representatives


Aquino v. COMELEC, 243 SCRA 400 (1995)
Marcos v. COMELEC, 248 SCRA 300 (1995)
Domino v. COMELEC, GR 134015 (July 19, 1999)
Maquera v. Borra, 15 SCRA 7
Social Justice Society v. Dangerous Drugs Board, GR No. 157870, November 3, 2008

Section 7. Term of Representatives


Dimaporo v. Mitra, 202 SCRA 779
Farinas v. Executive Secretary, GR 147387 (Dec. 10, 2003)
Quinto v. COMELEC, GR No. 189698, December 1, 2009

Section 8.Regular Elections


Codilla v. De Venecia GR No. 150605, December 10, 2002

Section 9. Special Elections


Tolentino v. COMELEC, GR 148334, January 21, 2004

Section 10. Salaries


Philconsa v. Mathay, 18 SCRA 300 (1966)

Section 11. Privilege from Arrest; Parliamentary Freedom of Speech


People v. Jalosjos, 324 SCRA 689
Jimenez v. Cabangbang, 17 SCRA 876 (1966)
Antonino v. Valencia, 57 SCRA 70
Pobre v. Defensor Santiago, AC No. 7399, August 25, 2009

Section 12. Disclosure of Financial and Business Interests

Section 13. Prohibitions on Members of Congress


Liban v. Gordon, GR No. 175352, July 15, 2009
Section 14. Prohibitions Related to the Practice of Profession
Puyat v. De Guzman, 113 SCRA 31

Section 15. Regular Session; Special Session

Section 16. Officers of Congress; Quorom; Discipline; Journal/Records


(par. 1) Defensor-Santiago v. Guingona, GR 134577 November 18, 1998
(par. 1) Avelino v. Cuenco, 83 PHIL 17 (1949)
(par. 2) People v. Jalosjos, 324 SCRA 689
(par. 3) Arroyo v. De Venecia, 277 SCRA 268 (1997)
(par. 3) Osmena v. Pendatun, 109 PHIL 863 (1960)
(par. 3) Santiago v. Sandiganbayan, 356 SCRA 636
(par. 4) US v. Pons, 34 PHIL 729 (1916)
(par. 4) Casco Phil Commercial Co. v. Giminez, 7 SCRA 347 (1963)
(par. 4) Astorga v. Villegas, 56 SCRA 714 (1974)
(par. 4) Philippine Judges Association v. Prado, 227 SCRA 703
(par. 4) Abakada Guro Party List v. Ermita, 469 SCRA 1
Pimentel v. Senate Committeee of the Whole, 644 SCRA 741

Section 17. Electoral Tribunal


Angara v. Electoral Commission, 63 PHIL 134 (1936)
Vera v. Avelino, 77 PHIL 192 (1946)
Chavez v. COMELEC, 211 SCRA 315 (1992)
Aquino v. COMELEC, 243 SCRA 400 (1995)
Abbas v. SET, 166 SCRA 651 (1988)
Bondoc v. Pineda, 201 SCRA 792 (1991)
Robles v. HRET, 181 SCRA 780 (1990)
Arroyo v. HRET, 246 SCRA 384 (1995)
Pimentel v. HRET, GR 141489 May 29, 2002
Aggabao v. COMELEC, GR No. 163756, January 26, 2005
Limkaichong v. COMELEC, GR No. 178831, April 2009
Banat v. COMELEC, GR No. 177508, August 7, 2009
Drilon, et al v. Speaker, GR No. 180055, July 31, 2009
Guerrero v. COMELEC, GR No. 137004, July 26, 2000G
Garcia v. HRET, GR No. 134792, August 12, 1999
Lazatin v. HET, GR No. 84297, December 8, 1988

Section 18. Commission on Appointments


Daza v. Singson, 180 SCRA 496 (1989)
Coseteng v. Mitra, 187 SCRA 377 (1990)
Guingona v. Gonzales, 214 SCRA 789 (1992); MR, 219 SCRA 326 (1993)
Drilon, et al v. Speaker, GR No. 180055, July 31, 2009

Section 19. Constitutions of the Electoral Tribunal and the Commission on Appointments

Section 20. Records and Books of Accounts

Section 21. Inquiries in Aid of Legislation


Bengzon v. Senate Blue Ribbon Committee, 203 SCRA 767
Standard Charter v. Senate, GR No. 167173, December 27, 2007
Arnault v. Nazareno, 87 PHIL 25 (1990)
Sabio v. Gordon, 504 SCRA 704 October 17, 2006
Senate Blue Ribbon Committee v. Majaducon, GR 136760 July 29, 2003
Senate v. Ermita, 488 SCRA 1, GR 169777, April 20, 2006
Neri v. Senate, 549 SCRA 771
Neri v. Senate, 564 SCRA 152
Garcillano v. House of Representatives, GR No. 170338, December 23, 2008
Negros O II Elec. Coop v. Sangguniang Panlungsod, 155 SCRA 421 (1991)

Section 22. Appearance of Heads of Departments in Congress

Section 23. Declaration of a State of War; Emergency Powers

Section 24. Bills Originating in the House of Representatives


Tolentino v. Secretary of Finance, 235 SCRA 630 (1994)
Alvarez v. Guingona, GR No. 118303, January 31, 1996
Guingona Jr. v. Carague, 196 SCRA 221 (1991)

Section 25. Limits on Power to Appropriate


(par. 2) Garcia v. Mata, 65 SCRA 517 (1975)
Demetria v. Alba, 148 SCRA 208 (1987)
DPWH v. Quirino, GR No. 183444, October 12, 2011
(par. 5) Philconsa v. Enriquez, 235 SCRA 506 (1994)
(par. 5) Sanchez v. COA, 552 SCRA 471
(par. 5) Goh v. COMELEC GR No. 212584, November 25, 2014

Section 26. Subject and Title of Bills; Three Readings


(par. 1) Cordero v. Cabatuando, 6 SCRA 418 (1962)
(par. 1) Philconsa v. Gimenez, 15 SCRA 479 (1965)
(par. 1) Insular Lumber Company v. CTA, 104 SCRA 710 (1981)
(par. 1) Philippine Judges Association v. Prado, 227 SCRA 703 (1993)
Alalayan v. NPC, 24 SCRA 172 (1968)
Tio v. Videogram Regulatory Board, 151 SCRA 208 (1987)
(par. 2) Tolentino v. Secretary of Finance, 235 SCRA 630 (1994)
Tobias v. Abalos, 239 SCRA 106 (1994)
Banat v. COMELEC, GR No. 177508, August 7, 2009
Abas Kida v. Senate of the Philippines, G.R. No. 196271, October 18, 2011

Section 27. Passage of bills; Item Veto


CIR v. CTA, 185 SCRA 329 (1990)
Bolinao Electronics v. Valencia, 11 SCRA 486 (1964)
(par. 2) Gonzales v. Macaraig, 191 SCRA 452 (1990)
(par. 2) Philconsa v. Enriquez, 235 SCRA 506 (1994)
(par. 2) Bengzon v. Drilon, 208 SCRA 133
Tanada v. Tuvera, 146 SCRA 446 (1986)

Section 28. Power of Taxation; Limitations; Exemptions


Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. Lingayen Gulf Electric Power Co., Inc, 164 SCRA 27
Tolentino v. Secretary of Finance, 235 SCRA 27
Garcia v. Executive Secretary, GR 101273, July 3, 1992
CIR v. Santos, GR No. 119252, August 18, 1997
Southern Cross v. Philippine Cement GR No. 158540, July 8, 2004
(par. 3) Abra Valley College v. Aquino, 162 SCRA 106 (1988)
Lladoc v. CIR, 14 SCRA 292
Central Mindanao University v. DAR, GR 100091, October 22, 1992
Commissioner v. CA, GR 124043, October 14, 1998
John Hay v. Lim, GR 19775, October 24, 2003
Systems Plus Computer College v. Caloocan City, GR No. 146382, August 7, 2003
Lung Center v. Quezon City, GR No. 144104, June 29, 2004
Planters Products Inc v. Fertiphil Corp, GR No. 166006, March 14, 2008

Section 29. Fiscal Powers of Congress; Limitations; Special Funds


Pascual v. Secretary of Public Works, 110 PHIL. 331, 1960-61
Guingona v. Carague, 196 SCRA 221, 1991
Gaston v. Republic Planters Bank, 158 SCRA 626, 1988
Araullo v. Aquino III, GR No. 209287 (2014)

Section 30. Appelate Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court


First Lepanto Ceramics v. CA, 237 SCRA 519, 1994

Section 32. Initiative and Referendum


Garcia v. COMELEC, 237 SCRA 279, 1994

Week 6:

Article VII: Executive Department

Section 1. Executive Power; Privileges; Immunities


Marcos v. Manglapus, 177 SCRA 668, 1989; MR, 178 SCRA, 1989
Laurel v. Garcia 187 SCRA 797, 1990
Estrada v. Desierto, 353 SCRA 452, 2001; MR, 356 SCRA 108, 2001
Balao v. Macapagal-Arroyo, GR No. 186450, December 13, 2011
Rodriguez v. Macapagal-Arroyo, GR No. 191805, November 15, 2011
Soliven v. Makasiar, 167 SCRA 393, 1988
Senate v. Ermita, G.R. 169777, April 20, 2006
Akbayan v. Aquino, G.R. 170516, July 16 2008
Neri v. Senate, G.R. 180643, March 25, 2008; MR, Sept. 4, 2008
Province of North Cotabato v. Government, G.R. No. 183591, Oct. 14, 2008
Philippine Constitution Association v. Enriquez, 235 SCRA 506
Webb v. De Leon, 247 SCRA 652
Senate v. Ermita, GR No. 169777, April 20, 2006
Neri v. Senate, GR No. 180643, March 25, 2008, September 4, 2008

Section 2. Qualifications
Tecson v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 161434, March 3, 2004
Poe-Llamanzares v.COMELEC, G.R. No. 221697, March 8, 2016
Section 3. Vice President

Section 4. Election and Canvass


Macalintal v. COMELEC, GR No. 157013, July 10, 2003
Lopez v. Senate and House, GR No. 163556, June 8, 2004
Pimentel v. Joint Canvassing Committee, June 22, 2004
Macalintal v. PET, GR No. 191618, November 23, 2010
Fernando Poe, Jr. v. Arroyo, PET Case No. 002, March 29, 2005
Legarda v. De Castro, PET Case No. 003, March 31, 2005
Defensor-Santiago v. Ramos, PET Case No. 001, February 13, 1996

Section 5. Oath

Section 6. Official Residence; Salary

Section 7. Vacancy at the Beginning of the Term of the Presidency

Section 8. Vacancy During the Term of the Presidency


Estrada v. Desierto, 353 SCRA 452, 2001; MR, 356 SCRA 108, 2001
Lozano, et al v. Macapagal-Arroyo, February 6, 2001

Section 9. Vacancy in the Vice Presidency

Section 10. Vacancies in Both the Presidency and the Vice Presidency

Section 11. Incapacity of the President


Estrada v. Desierto, 353 SCRA 452, 2001; MR, 356, SCRA 108, 2001

Section 12. Serious Illness of the President

Section 13. Prohibitions


Civil Liberties Union v. Executive Secretary, 194 SCRA 317, 1991
Doromal v. Sandiganbayan, 177 SCRA 354, 1989
Flores v. Drilon, 223 SCRA 568, 1993
Bitonio v. COA, G.R. no. 147392, March 12, 2004
Public Interest Group v. Elma, GR No. 138965, June 30, 2006
Espiritu v. Del Rosario, GR. No. 204964, 738 SCRA 464, 2014

Section 14. Appointments of Acting President

Section 15. Prohibited Appointments


In Re Appointments of Valenzuela and Vallarta, AM No. 98-5-01-SC, Nov. 9, 1998
De la Rama v. CA, G.R. No. 131136, Feb. 28, 2001
De Castro v. Judicial and Bar Council, GR No. 191002, April 20, 2010 and May 1, 2010
Velicaria-Garafil v. Office of the President, G.R. No. 20337, June 16, 2015

Section 16. Power to Appoint; Commission on Appointments


Government v. Springer 50 PHILS 259, 1927
Bermudez v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 131429, August 4, 1999
Flores v. Drilon, 223 SCRA 568, 1993
Bautista v. Salonga, 172 SCRA 1260, 1989
Sarmiento v. Mison, 156 SCRA 549, 1987
Quintos-Deles v. Commission on Appointments, 177 SCRA 259, 1989
Calderon v. Carale, 208 SCRA 254, 1992
Manalo v. Sistoza, GR No. 107369, August 11, 1999
Matibag v. Benipayo, GR No. 149036, April 2, 2002
Rufino v. Endriga, 496 SCRA 13
Pimentel, Jr. v. Ermita, GR No. 164978, October 13, 2005
Abas Kida v. Senate of the Philippines, GR No. 196271, October 18, 2011

Section 17. Power of Control

Lacson-Magallanes v. Pano 21 SCRA 395, 1967


Maceda v. Macaraig, Jr 197 SCRA 771
Roque v. Director of Lands, L-25373, July 1, 1976
Ang-Angco v. Castillo 9 SCRA 619, 1963
NAMARCO v. Arca 29 SCRA 648, 1969
Drilon v. Lim 235 SCRA 135, 1994
Jason v. Torres 290 SCRA 279, 1998
Dadole v. COA, GR No. 125350, Dec. 3, 2002
DENR v. DENR Employees, GR No. 149724, Aug. 19, 2003
Villaluz v. Zaldivar, 15 SCRA 710
Tondo Medical Center Employees v. CA, GR No. 167324, July 17, 2007
Malaria Employees v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 160093, July 31, 2007
Orosa v. Roa, GR No. 14047, July 14, 2006
Phillips Seafood v. BOI, GR No. 175787, February 4, 2009
Biraogo v. Truth Commission, GR No. 192935, December 7, 2010
Banda v. Executive Secretary Ermita, G.R. No. 166620, April 20, 2010
Prospero Pichay v. Office of the Deputy Executive Secretary for Legal Affairs, G.R. No.
196425, July 24, 2012
Hontiveros-Baraquel v. Toll Regulatory Board, GR No. 181293, 2015
Datu Zaldy Uy Ampatuan v, Hon. Puno, G.R. No. 190259, June 7, 20122
Province v. COA, G.R. 182573, September 28, 2010.

Section 18. Presidents Powers as Commander in Chief


Lansang vs. Garcia, 42 SCRA 448
Aberca v. Ver, 160 SCRA 590
IBP v. Zamora, GR 141284, August 15, 2000
Lacson v. Perez, GR 147780-81, 147799 and 1477810, May 10, 2001
Sanlakas v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 159085, February 3, 2004
David v. Macapagal-Arroyo, GR 171396, May 2006
David v. Ermita, GR No. 171409, May 3, 2006
Gudani v. Senga, GR No. 170165, April 15, 2006
Ampatuan v. Puno, 651 SCRA 228
Vinuya v. The Hon. Executive Secretary, GR No. 162230 (2014)

Section 19. Executive Clemency


Cristobal v. Labrador, 71 PHIL 34
Llamas v. Orbos 202 SCRA 844, 1991
People v. Salle 250 SCRA 581, 1995
Drilon v. CA, 202 SCRA 378, 1991
Torres v. Gonzales 152 SCRA 272, 1987
Monsanto v. Factoran, 170 SCRA 190, 1989
Sabello v. Department of Education, GR No. 87687, December 26, 1989
People v. Salle, Jr GR No. 103567, December 4, 1995
Garcia v. COA, 226 SCRA 356, 1993
Echegaray v. Sec. of Justice, GR No. 132601, Jan 19, 1999
Risos-Vidal v. Comelec, GR No. 206666, 747 SCRA 210, Jan. 21, 2015

Section 20. Foreign Loans


Spouses Constantino v. Cuisia, GR 106064, October 13, 2005

Section 21. Foreign Relations: Senate Concurrence in International Agreements


USAFFE Veterans Association v. Treasurer, 105 PHIL 1030, 1959
World Health Organization v. Aquino, 48 SCRA 242
Bayan v. Executive Secretary Zamora, 343 SCRA 449, 2000
Pimentel v. Executive Secretary, 2005
Lim v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 151445, April 11, 2002
Secretary of Justice v. Judge Lantion, GR No. 139465, Oct. 17, 2000
Vinuya v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 162230, April 28, 2010
Bayan Muna v. Romulo, 641 SCRA 244
Saguisag v. Executive Secretary, G.R. No. 212426
Bayan v. Department of National Defense Secretary Voltaire Gazmin, G.R. No. 212444

Week 7:

Article VIII: Judicial Department

Section 1. Judicial Power


Santiago v. Bautista, 32 SCRA 188 (2970)
Noblejas v. Teehankee, 23 SCRA 405
Manila Electric Company v. Pasay Transportation Company, 57 PHIL 600
Director of Prisons v. Ang Cho Kio, 33 SCRA 494
In Re Laureta, 148 SCRA 382
Marcos v. Manglapus, 177 SCRA 668 (1989); MR, 178 SCRA 760 (1989)
US v. Nixon, 418 US 683 (1974)
Estrada v. Desierto, 353 SCRA 452 (2001); MR, 356 SCRA 108 (2001)
Arroyo v. De Venecia, 277 SCRA 268 (1997)
Infotech Foundation v. COMELEC, GR No. 159139, January 13, 2004
Mattel, Inc. v. Francisco, GR No. 166886, July 30, 2008
Villarosa v. HRET, GR No. 144129, September 14, 2000
Vinuya v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 162230, April 28, 2010
Garcia v. Board of Investments, GR No. 92024, November 9, 1990
Echegaray v. Secretary of Justice, GR No. 132601, January 19, 1999
Torrecampo v. MWSS, 649 SCRA 482
Liban v. Gordon, 639 SCRA 709
Bayan Muna v. Romulo, 641 SCRA 244
Magallona v. Ermita, 655 SCRA 476
Hacienda Luisita v. PARC, GR No. 171101, November 22, 2011
Sana v. CESB, GR No. 192926, November 15, 2011
Gamboa v. Teves, 652 SCRA 690
Madrigal v. DOJ GR No. 168903, 726 SCRA 544, June 18, 2014

Section 2. Role of Congress


Mantruste Systems v. CA, 179 SCRA 136 (1989)
Malaga v. Penachos, 213 SCRA 516 (1992)
Lupangco v. CA, 160 SCRA 848 (1988)

Section 3. Fiscal Autonomy


Radiowealth v. Agregado, 86 SCRA 429 (1950)
Bengzon v. Drilon, 208 SCRA 133 (1992)

Section 4. Composition; En Banc and Division Cases


Fortich v. Corona, 312 SCRA 751 (1999)
People v. Dy, GR 115236-37, Jan. 16, 2003
People v. Ebio, GR 147750, Sept. 29, 2004
Firestone Ceramics v. CA, GR No. 127245, June 28, 2000

Section 5. Powers of the Supreme Court


Tano v. Socrates, 278 SCRA 154 (1997)

Judicial Review
Lina v. Purisma, 82 SCRA 344 (1978)
Angara v. Electoral Commission, 63 PHIL 139 (1936)
Macasiano v. NHA, 224 SCRA 236 (1993)
Tan v. Macapagal, 43 SCRA 678 (1972)
PACU v. Secretary of Education, 97 PHIL 806 (1955)
Gonzales v. Marcos, 65 SCRA 624 (1975)
Oposa v. Factoran, 224 SCRA 792 (1993)
Joya v. PCGG, 225 SCRA 568 (1993)
Kilosbayan v. Morato, 246 SCRA (1995)
Anti Graft League of the Philippines, 260 SCRA 250 (1996)
Telecom v. COMELEC, 289 SCRA 337 (1998)
Bayan v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 138570, October 10, 2000
Automotive Industry Workers v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 157509, January 18, 2005
White Light Corp v. City of Manila, GR No. 122846, January 20, 2009
Gonzales v. Narvasa, GR No. 140835, August 14, 2000
Sandoval v. PAGCOR, GR No. 138982, November 29, 2000
Chavez v. PCGG, 299 SCRA 744 (1998)
IBP v. Zamora, 342 SCRA 449 (2000)
Francisco v. House of Representatives, 415 SCRA 44
De Agbayani v. PNB, 38 SCRA 429 (1971)
David v. Arroyo, 489 SCRA 162
People v. Mateo, 433 SCRA 540
Mariano Jr. v. COMELEC, GR No. 118577, March 7, 1995
Dumlao v. COMELEC, 95 SCRA 392
Solicitor General v. Metropolitan Manila Authority, GR No. 102782, December 11, 1991
Kalipunan ng Damayang Mahihirap v. Jessie Robredo, GR No. 200903, 730 SCRA 322, July
22, 2014
Gov. Villafuerte, Jr. v. Hon. Robredo GR No. 195390, December 10, 2014
UDK-15143, January 21, 2015
Republic of the Philippines v. Transunion Corporation, G.R. No. 191590, 2014,

Administration of Justice; Rule-Making


PNB v. Asuncion, 60 SCRA 321
Santero v. CFI Cavite, 153 SCRA 728
Damasco v. Lagui, 166 SCRA 214
People v. Lacson, 400 SCRA 262
St. Martin Funeral Homes v. NLRC, 295 SCRA 494
People v. Gutierrez, 36 SCRA 172 (1970)
In Re Cunanan, 94 PHIL 534 (1953-1954)
Echegaray v. Secretary of Justice, January 19, 1999
Bustos v. Lucero, 81 PHIL 648 (1948)
In Re Admission to the Bar: Argosino Bar Matter 712, 246 SCRA 14 (1995)
Fabian v. Desierto, GR 129742, September 16, 1998
In Re: De Vera (2003)
Baguio Markets Vendor v. Judge, GR No. 165922, February 26, 2010
Republic v. Gingoyon, GR No. 166429, February 1, 2006
Maniago v. Court of Appeals, GR No. 104392, February 20, 1996.
Javellana v. DILG, GR No. 102549, August 10, 1992
Bar Matter No. 1222, February 4, 2004
Garrido v. Garrido, AC No. 6593, February 4, 2010
In re Letter of the UP Law Faculty, 644 SCRA 543

Section 6. Supervision of Courts


Maceda v. Vasquez, 221 SCRA 464 (1993)
Caoibes v. Ombudsman, GR 132177, July 19, 2001
Escalona v. Padillo, AM P-10-2785, September 21, 2010

Section 7. Qualifications of Members of the Supreme Court; Lower Courts


In re JBC v. Judge Quitain, JBC No. 013, August 22, 2007
Kilosbayan v. Ermita, GR No. 177721, July 3, 2007
Topacio v. Ong, GR No. 179895, December 15, 2008

Section 8. Judicial and Bar Council; Membership

Section 9. Appointments of Members of the Supreme Court and Judges of Lower Courts

Section 10. Fixed Salary


Nitafan v. CIR, 152 SCRA 284 (1987)

Section 11. Security of Tenure; Power to Discipline


Vargas v. Rilloraza, 80 PHIL 297 (1948)
De La Llana v. Alba, 112 SCRA 294 (1982)
People v. Gacott, 246 SCRA 52 (1995)
Section 12. Prohibition to Be Designated to Any Agency Performing Quasi-Judicial or
Administrative Functions
In re Judge Manzano, 166 SCRA 246

Section 13. Conclusions of the Supreme Court How Reached?


Consing v. Court of Appeals, GR No. 78272, August 29, 1989

Section 14. Contents of Decision; Petition for Review; Motion for Reconsideration
People v. Escober, 157 SCRA 541 (1988)
Air France v. Carrascoso, 18 SCRA 155 (1966)
People v. Bravo, 227 SCRA 285 (1993)
Hernandez v. CA, 208 SCRA 429 (1993)
Nicos v. CA, 206 SCRA 127 (1992)
Borromeo v. CA, 186 SCRA 1 (1990)
Francisco v. Pernskul, 173 SCRA 324 (1989)
Velarde v. Social Justice Society, GR 159357, April 28, 2004

Section 15. Period for Making Decisions


Re: Problem of Delays in Cases Before the Sandiganbayan AM No. 00-8-05-SC, Nov. 28,
2001
Edano v. Asdala, AM No. RTJ-06-2007, December 6, 2010
Sesbreno v. CA, GR No. 161390, April 16, 2008

Section 16. Submission of Annual Report

Week 8:

Article IX: Constitutional Commissions

A. Common Provisions

Section 1. Independent Commissions


Macalintal v. COMELEC, GR 157013, July 10, 2003
Ombudsman v. Civil Service Commission, GR No. 159940, February 16, 2005

Section 2. Prohibition on Members

Section 3. Salary

Section 4. Power to Appoint

Section 5. Fiscal Autonomy


CSC v. DBM, 482 SCRA 233

Section 6. Promulgation of Rules


Macalintal v. COMELEC, GR No. 157013, July 10, 2003

Section 7. Decisions of the Commissions


Filipinas Engineering and Machine Shop v. Ferrer, 135 SCRA 25
Saligumba v. CA, 117 SCRA 669
Cua v. COMELEC, 156 SCRA 582 (1987)
Estrella v. COMELEC, GR No. 160465, May 27, 2004
Mison v. COA, 187 SCRA 445 (1990)
Ambil v. COMELEC, 344 SCRA 358 [2000]
Mateo v. CA, GR No. 113219, August 14, 1995
Reyes v. Regional Trial Court, GR No. 108886, May 5, 1995
ABS-CBN v. COMELEC, 323 SCRA 611
Aguilar v. COMELEC, GR No. 185140, June 30, 2009
Garces v. CA, GR. No. 114 795, July 17, 1996
Dumayas v. COMELEC, GR Nos. 141952-53, April 29, 2001
The Law Firm of Laguesma Magsalin Consulta and Gastardo v. COA GR No. 185544, 2015

Section 8. Other Functions

Week 9:

B. Civil Service Commission

Section 1. Composition; Qualifications; Term


Gaminde v. COA 347 SCRA 655 (2000)
Mathay Jr. v. CA, GR No. 124374, December 15, 1999

Section 2. Scope
Paragraph 1
EIIB v. CA, GR No. 129133, Nov. 25, 1998
NASECO v. NLRC, GR No. 100947, May 31, 1993
MWSS v. Hernandez, 143 SCRA 602
Philippine Fisheries Development Authority v. NLRC and Odin Security Agency, GR No.
94825, September 4, 1992
PAGCOR v. CA, GR No. 93396, September 30, 1991
Agyao v. CSC, 639 SCRA 781
Funa v. Duque III, G.R. No. 191672, November 25, 2014
Barcelona v. LIM, G.R. No. 189171, June 3, 2014

Paragraph 2
De los Santos v. Mallare, 87 PHIL 289
Santiago Jr. v. CSC, GR No. 81467, October 27, 1989
Central Bank v. CSC, GR No. 80455-56, April 10, 1989
CSC v. Salas, 274 SCRA 414
CSC v. Javier, 546 SCRA 485
Grino v. CSC, 194 SCRA 458

Paragraph 3
Briones v. Osmena, 104 PHIL 588
Abakada Group Party List v. Purisima, 562 SCRA 251
CSC v. Sojor, 554 SCRA 160
PCSO Board of Directors v. Lapid, 648 SCRA 546

Classifications and Appointments


CSC v. PAGCOR, GR No. 123708, June 1997
Samson v. CA, 145 SCRA 654 (1986)
Achacoso v. Macaraig, 195 SCRA 235 (1991)
Binamira v. Garrucho, 188 SCRA 154 (1990)
Luego v. CSC, 143 SCRA 327 (1986)
Santiago v. CSC, 178 SCRA 733 (1989)
Astraguillo v. Manglapus, 190 SCRA 280 (1990)
Aquino v. CSC, GR No. 92403, April 22, 1992
Lampinid v. CSC, GR No. 96298, May 14, 1991
Nazareno, et al v. City of Dumaguete, GR No. 181559, October 2, 2009
CSC v. Cortes, GR No. 200103, 723 SCRA 629 (2014)

Security of Tenure and Abolition of Office


Canonizado v. Aguirre, GR No. 133132, Jan. 25, 2000
Secretary Gloria v. CA, GR No. 119903, August 14, 2000
Yenko and Mayor Estrada v. Gungon, GR No. 165450, August 13, 2009
Buklod v. Executive Secretary, GR Nos. 142801-02, July 10, 2001
Dimayuga v. Benedicto II, GR No. 144153, Jan. 16, 2002
Miranda v. Carreon, GR No. 143540, April 11, 2003
Hernandez v. Villegas, 14 SCRA 544 (1965)
Briones v. Osmena, 104 Phil 588 (1958)
Mayor v. Macaraig, 194 SCRA 672 (1991)
Roque v. Ericta, 53 SCRA 156
Mama, Jr. v Court of Appeals, GR No. 86517, April 30, 1991
UP Board of Regents v. Rasul, GR No. 91551, August 16, 1991
Kawaning EIIB v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 142801, July 10, 2001
A.M. No. 2008-23-SC, November 10, 2014

Partisan Political Activity; Self-Organization; Temporary Employees


People v. De Venecia, 14 SCRA 864 (1965)
SSS Employees v. CA, 175 SCRA 686 (1989)
Jacinto v. CA, 281 SCRA 557 (1997)
Gloria v. CA, 338 SCRA 5 (2000)
Seneres v. COMELEC, GR No. 178678, April 16, 2009

Right to Organize
Social Security System v. CA, GR No. 85279, July 28, 1989
Manila Public School Teachers Association v. Secretary of Education, GR No. 95445,
August 6, 1991

Section 3. Purpose of a Civil Service System


Lazo v. CSC, 236 SCRA 469
LRTA v. Aurora Salvana, GR No. 192074, 726 SCRA 141

Section 4. Oath or Affirmation

Section 5. Standardization of Compensation


Section 6. Prohibition of Appointment of Lame Ducks
People v. Sandiganbayan, GR No. 164185, July 23, 2008

Section 7. Prohibitions; Appointments; Office; Employment


Flores v. Drilon 223 SCRA 568 (1993)
In re Eduardo Escala, 653 SCRA 141

Sec. 8 Prohibitions; Compensation; Foreign Gift/Office/Title


Peralta v. Mathay 38 SCRA 296 (1971)
Santos v. CA GR No. 139792, Nov. 22, 2000
Cabili v. CSC, GR No. 156503, June 22, 2006
Benguet State University v. Colting, GR No. 169637, June 8, 2007
Herrera, et al v. NPC, GR No. 166570, December 18, 2009

C. Commission on Elections

Section 1. Composition; Qualifications; Term


Cayetano v. Monsod, 201 SCRA 210 (1991)
Brillantes v. Yorac, 192 SCRA 358 (1990)
Matibag v. Benipayo, 380 SCRA 49
Hayudini v. Comelec, GR No. 207900, 723 SCRA 223, April 22, 2014
Naval v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 207851, July 8, 2014
Timbol v. Comelec, G.R. No. 206004, February 24, 2015
Jalover v. Osmena, G.R. No. 209286, September 23, 2014

Section 2. Powers and Functions


Pangilinan v. COMELEC, 228 SCRA 36
Flores v. COMELEC, 184 SCRA 484 (1990)
Galido v. COMELEC, 193 SCRA 78 (1991)
People v. Inting, 187 SCRA 788 (1990)
Corpus v. Tanodbayan, 149 SCRA 281 (1987)
Tan v. COMELEC, GR No. 112093, Oct. 4, 1994
Kilosbayan v. COMELEC, GR No. 128054, Oct. 16, 1997
Alvarez v. COMELEC, GR No. 142527, March 1, 2001
Carlos v. Judge Angeles, GR No. 142907, November 29, 2000
Buac v. COMELEC, GR No. 155855, Jan. 26, 2004
LDP v. COMELEC, GR No. 161265, Feb. 24, 2004
Atienza v. COMELEC, GR No. 188920, February 16, 2010
Antonio v. COMELEC, GR No. 135869, September 22, 1999
Aggabao v. COMELEC, GR NO. 163756, January 26, 2005
Flores v. COMELEC, GR No. 89604, April 20, 1990
Alunan III v. Mirasol, GR No. 108399, July 31, 1997
Taule v. Secretary Santos, GR No. 90336, August 12, 1991
Baytan v. COMELEC, GR No. 153945, February 4, 2003
Balindong v. COMELEC, GR No. 1539991, October 16, 2003
Aguilar v. COMELEC, GR No. 185140, June 30, 2009
People v. Honorable Delgado, GR No. 93419, September 18, 1990
Banat v. COMELEC, GR No. 177508, August 7, 2009
People v. Judge Inting, GR No. 88919, July 25, 1990
Ejercito v. Hon. Comelec, GR No. 212398, 742 SCRA 210, Nov. 25 2014
Cerafica v. COMELEC GR No. 205136, December 02, 2014
Hayudini v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 207900, April 22, 2014
Cerafica v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 205136, 2014

Section 3. Decisions
Sarmiento v. COMELEC, 212 SCRA 307
Salazar Jr. v. COMELEC, 184 SCRA 433 (1990)
Baytan v. COMELEC, GR No. 153954 , Feb. 4, 2003
Balindong v. COMELEC, GR Nos. 153991-2, Oct. 16, 2003
Liberal Party v. COMELEC, GR No. 191771, May 6, 2010
Alvarez v. COMELEC, GR
No. 142527, March 1, 2001
Villarosa v. COMELEC GR No. 212953, August 05, 2014

Section 4. Supervision/Regulation of Public Utilities, Media Grants, Privileges


Unido v. COMELEC, 104 SCRA 17
Sanidad v. COMELEC, 181 SCRA 529 (1990)
Philippine Press Institute v. COMELEC, GR No. 119654, May 22, 1995
ABS-CBN v. COMELEC, GR No. 133486, Jan. 28, 2000
SWS v. COMELEC, GR No. 147571, May 5, 2001

Section 5. Favorable Recommendation for Pardon, Amnesty, Parole or Suspension of


Sentence

Section 6. Free and Open Party System


Liberal Party v. COMELEC, GR No. 191771, May 6, 2010

Section 7. No Block-Voting

Section 8. Prohibition on Political Parties

Section 9. Election Period

Section 10. No Harassment and Discrimination

Section 11. Funds

Week 10:

D. Commission of Audit
Section 1. Qualifications; Term
Mison v. COA, 187 SCRA 445

Section 2. General Function; Powers


Philippine Operations, Inc. v. Auditor General, 94 PHIL 868
Euro-Med Laboratories, Phil, Inc. v. Province of Batangas, 495 SCRA 601
Ramos v. Aquino, 39 SCRA 236
Blue Bar Coconut Philippines v. Tantuico, 163 SCRA 716
NHA v. COA, 226 SCRA 55
Dingcong v. Guingona, 162 SCRA 782 (1988)
Danville Maritime v. COA, 175 SCRA 701 (1989)
Mamaril v. Domingo, 227 SCRA 206 (1993)
Sambeli v. Province of Isabela, GR No. 92279, June 18, 1992
Osmena v. COA, GR No. 98355, March 2, 1994
Bustamante v. COA, GR No. 103309, Nov. 27, 1992
Caltex v. COA, 208 SCRA 726 (1992)
Polloso v. Gangan, 335 SCRA 750 (2000)
DBP v. COA, 231 SCRA 202
Strategic Alliance v. Radstock Securities, GR No. 178158, December 4, 2009
Uy, et al v. COA, GR No. 130685, March 21, 2000
Davao City Water District v. CSC and COA, GR No. 95237, September 13, 1991
Parreno v. COA, GR No. 162224, June 7, 2007
Boy Scouts of the Philippines v. COA, 651 SCRA 146
Espinas v. COA, GR No. 198271, 720 SCRA 302, April 1, 2014
Maritime Industry Authority v. COA GR No. 185812, January 13, 2015
The Law Firm of Laguesma Magsalin Consulta and Gastardo v. COA GR No. 185544, 2015
Maritime Industry Authority v. COA, G.R. No. 185812, January 13, 2015

Section 3. COA Jurisdiction


Bases Conversion and Development Authority (BCDA) v. COA, G.R. No. 209219, 2014

Section 4. Annual Report to the President and to Congress

MIDTERMS

Week 11:

Article X. Local Government

Section 1. Territorial and Political Subdivisions of the Philippines


Cordillera Broad Coalition v. COA, GR No. 79956, January 26, 1990

Section 2. Local Autonomy


Limbona v. Conte Mangelin, et al, GR No. 80391, February 28, 1989
San Juan v. CSC, 196 SCRA 69 (1991)
Magtajas v. Pryce Properties, GR No. 111097, July 20, 1994
Leynes v. COA, GR No. 143596, Dec. 11, 2003
Batangas CATV v. CA and Batangas City, GR No. 138810, September 29, 2004
City of General Santos v. COA, GR No. 199439 (2014)

Section 3. Local Government Code


Garcia v. COMELEC, 227 SCRA 100 (1993)
Malonzo v. COMELEC, 269 SCRA 380 (1997)
OSG v. CA, Gr No. 199027 , 725 SCRA 469, 2014
Umali v. Comelec, GR NO. 203974 (2014)
Kasamaka-Canlubang, Inc. v. Laguna Estate Development Corp, GR No. 200491 (2014)
Holy Trinity Realty & Development Corp v. Dela Cruz, GR No. 200454 (2014)
Section 4. Supervision by the President
Ganzon v. CA, 200 SCRA 271
Joson v. Torres, 290 SCRA 279
Drilon v. Lim, 235 SCRA 135 (1994)
Province of Negros v. COA, GR No. 182574, September 28, 2010
Gov. Villafuerte, Jr. v. Hon. Robredo GR No. 195390, December 10, 2014

Section 5. Power of Taxation by Local Government


LTO v. City of Butuan, 322 SCRA 805
Lina v. Pano, 364 SCRA 76 (2001)
Petron v. Mayor, GR No. 158881, April 16, 2008
Yamane v. BA Lepanto Condominium, GR No. 154993, October 25, 2005
Philippine Petroleum v. Municipality of Pililla, GR No. 90773, June 3, 1991
John Hay Peoples Alternative Coalition v. Lim, GR No. 119775, October 24, 2003
Manila Electric v. Province of Laguna, GR No. 131359, May 5, 1999
Batangas Power v. Batangas City, GR No. 152675, April 28, 2004
Smart Communications v. City of Davao, GR No. 155491, September 16, 2008
City of Manila v. Judge Colet, GR No. 12005, 2014

Section 6. Share in National Taxes


Pimentel v. Aguirre, 336 SCRA 201 (2000)
Province of Batangas v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 152774, May 27, 2004
Alternative Center v. Zamora, GR No. 144256, June 8, 2005
League of Cities v. COMELEC August 24, 2010

Section 7. Equitable Share in the National Wealth

Section 8. Term of Local Officials


Borja v. COMELEC, 295 SCRA 157
Lozanida v. COMELEC, GR No. 135150, July 28, 1999
Adormeo v. COMELEC, GR No. 147927, February 4, 2002
Socrates v. COMELEC, 391 SCRA 457 (2002)
Latasa v. COMELEC, GR No. 154829, Dec. 10, 2003
David v. COMELEC, 271 SCRA 90 (1997)
Montebon v. COMELEC, 551 SCRA 50
Ong v. Alegre, GR No. 163295, January 23, 2006
Dizon v. COMELEC, GR No. 182088, January 30, 2009
Alboin v. COMELEC, GR No. 184836, December 23, 2009
David v. COMELEC, GR No. 127116, April 8, 1997
Naval v. COMELEC GR No. 207851, July 08, 2014

Section 9. Sectoral Representatives


Supangan Jr. v. Santos, GR No. 84662, August 24, 1990

Section 10. Creation, Abolition, Change of Boundaries


Tan v. COMELEC, 142 SCRA 727 (1986)
League of Cities of the Philippines v. COMELEC, GR 176951, Nov. 29, 2008
Sema v. COMELEC, 558 SCRA 700
Camid v. Office of the President, GR No. 161414, January 17, 2005
Navarro v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 180050, February 10, 2010

Section 11. Metropolitan Political Subdivisions


MMDA v. Bel-Air Village Association Assoc., GR No. 135962, March 27, 2000
MMDA v. Garin, GR No. 130230, April 15, 2005
Gancayco v. City Government of Quezon City, 658 SCRA 853

Section 12. Highly Urbanized Cities, Component Cities


Abella v. COMELEC, GR No. 100710, September 3, 1991

Section 13. Local Government Units Grouping Themselves

Section 14. Regional Development Councils and Other Similar Bodies

Section 15. Autonomous Regions


Abas Kida v. Senate of the Philippines, GR No. 196271, October 18, 2011

Section 16. General Supervision of the President

Section 17. Powers Not Vested to the ARMM

Sections 18 and19. Organic Act for Autonomous Regions


Abbas v. COMELEC, 179 SCRA 287 (1989)
Ordillos v. COMELEC, 192 SCRA 100 (1990)
Badua v. CBA, 194 SCRA 101 (1991)
Cordillera Broad Coalition v. COA, GR No. 82217, Jan. 29, 1990
Pandi v. CA, GR No. 116850, April 11, 2002
Sema v. COMELEC, GR No. 177597, July 16, 2008

Section 20. Legislative Powers of the Autonomous Regions


Province of North Cotabato v. Government of the Philippines Peace Panel, 568 SCRA 492

Section 21. Preservation of Peace and Order

Week 12:

Article XI. Accountability of Public Officers

Section 1. Public Office


Bornasal, Jr. v. Montes, 280 SCRA 181 (1997)
Eijansantos v. Special Presidential Task Force 156, G.R. No. 203696, 2014
Development Bank of the Philippines v. COA, G.R. No. 202733, 2014
A.M. No. 2010-21-SC, September 30, 2014
Office of the Ombudsman v. De, G.R. No. 205433, 2015
Republic of the Philippines v. Arias, G.R. No. 188909, September 17, 2014
Office of the Ombudsman v. Bueno, G.R. No. 191712, 2014
CSC v. Arandia, G.R. No. 199549, April 7, 2014
A.M. No. P-15-3296,February 17, 2015
CSC v. Andal, A.M. No. SB-12-19-P, November 18, 2014
Velasco v. Obispo, A.M. No. P-13-3160, November 10, 2014,
CSC v. Pagaduan, et al., G.R. No. 206379, November 19, 2014
CSC v. Vergel De Rios, G.R. No. 203536, February 04, 2015
LAGOC vs. MALAGA, G.R. No. 184785, July 9, 2014
OMBUDSMAN vs. CABEROY, G.R. No. 188066
CSC v. Cortes, G.R. No. 200103, April 23, 2014

Section 2. Officers Subject to Removal by Impeachment

Section 3. Procedure for Impeachment


In re Gonzales, 160 SCRA 771 (1988)
Romulo v. Yniguez, 141 SCRA 260 (1986)
Francisco v. House of Representatives, 415 SCRA 44
Estrada v. Desierto, 353 SCRA 452 (2001); MR, 356 SCRA 108 (2001)
Gutierrez v. Committee on Justice, 643 SCRA 198

Section 4. Sandiganbayan
Lecaroz v. Sandiganbayan, 128 SCRA 324 (1984)
Defensor-Santiago, 356 SCRA 636 (2001)
Balmadrid v. Sandiganbayan, GR No. 58327, March 22, 1991
Azarcon v. Sandiganbanyan, GR No. 116033, February 26, 1997

Section 5. Ombudsman
Carandang v. Desierto, 639 SCRA 293
Lacson v. ES, 649 SCRA 142
People v. Morales, 649 SCRA 182
Quarto v. Marcelo, 658 SCRA 580
Office of the Ombudsman v. Quimbo, G.R. No. 173277, February 25, 2015
Office of the Ombudsman v. CA and Binay, G.R. Nos. 217126-27, November 10, 2015

Section 6. Appointments
Ombudsman v. CSC, GR No. 162215, July 20, 2007
Laud v. People, et al., G.R. No. 199032,November 19, 2014
Sabijon v. De Juan, A.M. No. P-14-3281, 2015
Casimiro v. Rigor, G.R. No. 206661, 2014
Airlift Asia Customs Brokerage, Inc. v. Court Of Appeals, G.R. No. 183664, 2014
Buena, Jr v. Benito, G.R. No. 181760, October 14, 2014

Section 7. Tanodbayan as Special Prosecutor


Zaldivar v. Sandiganbayan, 160 SCRA 843 (1988)
Acop v. Ombudsman, GR No. 120422, September 27, 1995
Deloso v. Domingo, 191 SCRA 545
Almonte v. Vasquez, GR No. 95367, May 22, 1995
Buenasada v. Flavier, 226 SCRA 645
Macalino v. Sandiganbayan, 376 SCRA 452
BIR v. Ombudsman, GR No. 115103, April 11, 2002
Laurel v. Desierto, GR No. 145368, April 12, 2002
Azarcon v. Guerrero, GR No. 121017, Feb 17, 1997
Azarcon v. Guerrero , GR No. 116033, Feb 26, 1997
Section 8. Qualifications
Argel v. Gov. Singson, G.R. No. 202970, 2015

Section 9. Appointments

Section 10. Rank

Section 11. Term

Section 12. Prompt Action on Complaints


Laurel v. Desierto, GR No. 145368, April 12, 2002
Almonte v. Vasquez, 244 SCRA 286 (1995)
Roxas v. Vasquez, 358 SCRA 636 (2001)
Uy v. Sandiganbayan, GR No. 105965, March 20, 2001

Section 13. Powers; Functions; Duties


Khan, Jr. v. Ombudsman, GR No. 125296, July 20, 2006
Ombudsman v. Estandarte, GR No. 168670, April 13, 2007
Ombudsman v. Lucero, November 24, 2006
Ombudsman v. CA, GR No. 169079, July 17, 2007
Sangguniang Barangay v. Punong Barangay, GR No. 170626, March 3, 2008
Perez v. Sandiganbayan, GR No. 166062, September 26, 2006
Buencamino v. CA, GR No. 175895, April 4, 2007
Medina v. COA, GR No. 176478, February 4, 2008
Villas Nor v. Sandiganbayan, GR No. 180700, March 4, 2008
Honasan II v. Panel of Investigating Prosecutors GR No. 159747, April 13, 2004
Ombudsman v. Rodriguez, GR No. 172700, July 23, 2010
Garcia v. Miro, GR No. 148944, Feb 5, 2003
Rare v. Sandiganbayan, GR No. 108431, July 14, 2000
Office of the Ombudsman v. Quimbo GR No. 173277, February 25, 2015

Section 14. Fiscal Autonomy

Section 15. Right to Recover Properties Unlawfully Acquired

Section 16. Loan, Guaranty or Other Form of Financial Accommodation

Section 17. Declaration of Assets and Liabilities

Section 18. Allegiance of Public Officers


Caasi v. CA, 191 SCRA 229 (1990)

Week 13:

Article XII. National Economy and Patrimony

Section 1. Threefold Goal of the National Economy

Section 2. Regalian Doctrine


Lee Hong Kok v. David, 48 SCRA 372
Carino v. Insurer Government, 41 PHIL 935
Cruz v. Sec. of DENR, 347 SCRA 128 (2000)
Sta. Rosa Mining v. Leido, 156 SCRA 1 (1987)
San Miguel Corporation v. CA, 185 SCRA 722 (1990)
Almeda v. Court of Appeals, GR No. 85322, April 30, 1991
Director of Lands v. Kalahi Investments, Inc, GR No. 48066, January 31, 1989
Republic v. Enciso, GR No. 160145, November 11, 2005
Chavez v. PEA, GR No. 133250, July 9, 2002
Laurel v. Garcia, 187 SCRA 797 (1990)
Miners Association v. Factoran, 240 SCRA 100 (1995)
Republic v. Rosemoor, GR No. 149927, March 30, 2004
La Bugal-Blaan Tribal Assn. v. DENR, GR127872, Jan 27, 2004, MR GR 127882, Dec. 1,
2004
Philippine Geothermal v. Napocor, GR No. 144302, May 27, 2004
JG Summit v. CA, GR No. 124293, January 31, 2005
Republic v. Domingo Espinosa, G.R. No. 176885, July 5, 2010
Hontiveros-Baraquel v. Toll Regulatory Board, G.R. No. 181293, February 23, 2015
Spouses Antonio and Erlinda Fortuna v. Republic, G.R. No.173423, March 5, 2014
Gaerlan v. Republic, G.R. No. 192717, March 12, 2014
Peza v. Carantes, G.R. 181274, June 23, 2010

Section 3. Lands of the Public Domain


Director of Lands v. Aquino, 192 SCRA 296 (1990)
Republic v. CA, 160 SCRA 228 (1988)
Apex Mining v. Southeast Mindanao Gold, Inc, GR No. 152613, June 23, 2006
Dir. of Lands v. IAC, 146 SCRA 509 (1986)
Ten Forty Realty v. Lorenzana, GR No. 151212, Sept. 10, 2003
Chavez v. PEA, GR No. 133250, July 9, 2002

Section 4. Specific Limits of Forest Lands and National Parks


La Bugal-Blaan Tribal Assn. v. DENR, GR127872, Jan 27, 2004, MR GR 127882, Dec. 1,
2004

Section 5. Ancestral Lands and Domain


Cruz v. Sec. of DENR, 347 SCRA 128 (2000)

Section 6. Common Good


Telecom v. COMELEC, 289 SCRA 337 (1998)

Section 7. Private Lands


Republic v. CA, 235 SCRA 567
Zaragosa v. CA, GR No. 106401, September 29, 2000
Ramirez v. Vda. De Ramirez, 111 SCRA 704 (1982)
Halili v. CA, 287 SCRA 465 (1998)
Lee v. Republic, 366 SCRA (2001)
Frenzel v. Catito, GR No. 143958, July 11, 2003
Mulller v. Muller, GR No. 149615, August 29, 2006
Matthews v. Taylor Spouses, GR No. 164584, June 22, 2009
Hulst v. PR Builders, GR No. 156364, September 25, 2008
Section 8. Exception for Former Filipino Citizens
Republic v. CA, 235 SCRA 567 (1994)

Section 9. Independent Economic and Planning Agency

Section 10. Filipinization


Manila Prince Hotel v. GSIS, 267 SCRA 408 (1997)
Army and Navy Club v. CA, 271 SCRA 36 (1997)
Tanada v. Angara, 272 SCRA 18 (1997)

Section 11. Public Utilities


Bagatsing v. Committee, 246 SCRA 344 (1995)
Albano v. Reyes, 175 SCRA 36 (1997)
Tatad v. Garcia, 243 SCRA 436 (1995)
Telecom v. COMELEC, 289 SCRA 337 (1998)
JG Summit Holdings v. CA, 345 SCRA 143 (2000)
Associated Communications v. NTC, GR No. 144109, February 17, 2003
Eastern Telecom v. Telecom Technologies, GR No. 135992, July 23, 2004
Gamboa v. Teves, 652 SCRA 690
PAGCOR v. BIR, 645 SCRA 338
Hontiveros-Baraquel v. Toll Regulatory Board, GR No. 181293, 2015

Section 12. Filipino First Policy


Tanada v. Angara, 272 SCRA 18 (1997)

Section 13. Trade Policy

Section 14. Development and Practice of Professions

Section 15. Agency to Promote Cooperatives

Section 16. Corporations


NDC v. PVB, 192 SCRA 257 (1990)

Section 17. Temporary Take-Over


Agan v. PIATCO, 420 SCRA 575
David v. Macapagal-Arroyo, GR No. 171396, May 2006

Section 18. Nationalization


Republic v. PLDT, 26 SCRA 620 (1968)
PLDT v. NTC, 190 SCRA 717 (1990)

Section 19. Monopolies and Combinations


Energy Regulatory Board v. CA, GR No. 113079, April 20, 2001
Garcia v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 132451, December 17, 1999
Tatad v. Secretary of Energy, 281 SCRA 330
Eastern Assurance v. LTFRB, GR No. 149717, Oct. 7, 2003
Avon v. Luna, GR No. 153674, December 20, 2006
Section 21. Foreign Loans

Section 22. Acts Inimical to the National Interest

Week 14:

Artcile XVI. General Provisions

Section 1. Flag of the Philippines

Section 2. Name, National Anthem or a National Seal

Section 3. Immunity From Suit


Republic v. Feliciano, 148 SCRA 424 (1987)
Metran v. Paredes, 79 Phil 819 (1947-1948)
NAC v. Teodoro, 91 Phil 203 (1952)
Mobil Philippines v. Customs Arrastre, 18 SCRA 120 (1966)
PNR v. IAC, 217 SCRA 401 (1993)
Ministerio v. CFI, 40 SCRA 464 (1971)
Municipality of San Fernando v. Firme, 195 SCRA 692
Lansang v. CA, GR No. 102667
Traders Royal Bank v. IAC, 192 SCRA 305 (1990)
Republic v. Sandoval, 220 SCRA 124 (1993)
DA v. NLRC, 227 SCRA 693 (1993)
EPG Construction v. Vigilar, GR No. 131544, March 16, 2001
Philrock v. Board of Liquidators, 180 SCRA 171 (1989)
Republic of Indonesia v. Vinzon, GR 154705, June 26, 2003
Shell Philippines v. Jalos, GR No. 179918, September 8, 2010
Vigilar v. Aquino, 639 SCRA 772
ATO v. Ramos, 644 SCRA 36
Heirs of Diosdado Mendoza v. DPWH, GR No. 203834, 729 SCRA 654, July 9, 2014
Hermano Oil Manufacturing & Sugar Corporation v.Toll Regulatory General Considerations
Board, G.R. No. 167290, November 26, 2014

Section 4. AFP

Section 5. AFP Requirement and Goals

Section 6. Police Force


Quilonia v. The General Court Martial GR No. 9660, March 4, 1992
Carpio v. Executive Secretary 206 SCRA 290 (1992)
Department of Budget v. Manilas Finest, GR No. 169466, May 9, 2007
Mendoza v. PNP, GR No. 139658, June 21, 2005

Section 7. War Veterans

Section 8. Pensions and Benefits for Retirees


Section 9. Protection of Consumers from Trade Malpractices

Section 10. Development of Filipino Capability and Communication Structures

Section 11. Ownership and Management: Mass Media and Advertising

Section 12. Consultative Body for Indigenous Cultural Communities

Week 15:

Article XVII. Amendments or Revisions

Section 1. Amendment or Revision


RA 6132, Constitutional Convention Act of 1970
Imbong v. COMELEC, 35 SCRA 28 (1970) * Constituent v. Legislative Power
Lambino v. COMELEC, 505 SCRA 160 *distinction between Amendment and Revision

Section 2. Initiative
RA No. 6735, An Act Providing for a System of Initiative and Referendum
Defensor-Santiago v. COMELEC, 270 SCRA 106 (1997); MR (1997)
Lambino v. COMELEC, 505 SCRA 160 (2006) *SC declared RA 6735 as sufficient and
adequate for a peoples initiative, effectively abandoning the ruling in Defensor-Santiago v.
COMELEC.

Section 3. Constitutional Convention


RA 6132, Constitutional Convention Act of 1970
Tolentino v. COMELEC, GR L-34150, October 16, 1971

Section 4. Ratification
Gonzales v. COMELEC, 21 SCRA 774 (1967)
Tolentino v. COMELEC, 41 SCRA 702 (1971)
Javellana v. ES, GR L-36142, March 31, 1973

Article XVIII Transitory Provisions

Section 26. Ill-Gotten Wealth; Sequestration/Freeze Orders


Cojuangco v. Roxas, 195 SCRA 797 (1991)

Section 27. Effectivity


De Leon v. Esquerra, 152 SCRA 602 (1987)