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DOI:10.13564/j.cnki.issn.1672-9382.2014.03.

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case for a description of English as a lingua ELF has emerged as a field of enquiry. However,
franca [J]. International Journal of Applied the answer to the key question What is ELF?
Linguistics, 2001, 11(2): 133-58. has not reached a consensus. The paper discusses
[31] Seidlhofer, B. Understanding English as a this issue by focusing on two contrasting views,
Lingua Franca[M]. Oxford: Oxford University i.e. essentialist versus non-essentialist summarized
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[35] Tyler, A. Cognitive Linguistics and Second essentialist view; mono-entity view; multi-entity
Language Learning[M]. New York: Routledge, view
2012.

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