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# Department of Mathematics

## Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi

MA 2201(Advanced Engg. Mathematics) Session: 2017----
Tutorial Sheet No. -- 2
MODULE IV
1. Reduce the following linear homogeneous differential equations into the Strum Liouville
form:
(i) xy + (1 x ) y + ny = 0 x 0.

(ii) (1 x 2 ) y xy + n 2 y = 0 x < 1.

## (iii) (1 x 2 ) y 2 xy + n(n + 1) y = 0 x < 1.

(iv) y 2 xy + 2ny = 0
2. Find the eigen-values and eigen-functions of the following Strum Liouville boundary
value problem. Verify the orthogonality by direct calculations.
(i) y + y = 0, y (0) = 0, y ( ) = 0
(ii) y + y = 0, y (0) = 0, y (l ) = 0
(iii) y + y = 0, y (0) = y (2 ), y (0) = y (2 )
3. State Dirichlets conditions for the expansion of any function f (x ) in terms of Fourier
series. If f (x ) is a periodic function of period 2 and it is expressed in the series form
as:
a0
f ( x) = + a n cos nx + bn sin nx , l < x < l + 2 , then show that
2 n =1 n =1

l + 2 l + 2 l + 2
1 1 1
a0 =

l
f ( x )dx, an =

l
f ( x) cos nxdx, bn =
f ( x) sin nxdx.
l

## 4. Find the Fourier series for the function f(x) = ( x)2/4 in ( 0, 2 ).

1
2
1 1 1
Hence deduce that (i) 2 + + + + .................. = ,
1 2 2 32 4 2 6

1 1
2
1 1
(ii) 2 2 + 2 2 + .................. = .
1 2 3 4 12
5. Find the Fourier series to represent the function f(x) = x2 in (-, ).
1
2
1 1 1
Hence deduce that (i) 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + .................. = ,
1 2 3 4 6

1 1
2
1 1
(ii) 2 2
+ + .................. = ,
1 2 32 4 2 12

1 1
2
1
(iii) 2 + 2 + 2 + ................. =
1 3 5 8
6. Show that the Fourier series to represent the function f(x) = x sinx in (-, ) is:
1 cos 2 x cos 3 x cos 4 x
x sin x = 1 cos x 2 + ..................
2 1.3 2.4 3.5
1 1 1 1
Hence deduce that = + + .............................................................
4 2 1.3 3.5 5.7
7. Assume an alternating current after passing through a rectifier posses the form
I 0 sin x , 0 x
I =
0, x 2
where I0 is the maximum current. Express I as Fourier series.
8. Find the Fourier series to represent the function f(x) = x-x2 in (-1, 1 ) as
1 4
(1) n 2 (1) n sin nx
f ( x) =
2 2

n =1 n
2
cos nx
n =1 n
,

2 1 1 1
Hence deduce that = 2 + 2 + 2 + ..................
8 1 3 5
9. Assume a sinusoidal voltage E sint which is passed through a half wave rectifier and
clips the negative portion of the wave. Express the resulting periodic function
0 , T /2 < t < 0
U (t ) = where T = 2 /, in a Fourier series as:
E sin t , 0<t <T /2

## E E 2 E cos 2t cos 4t cos 6t

U (t ) = + sin t + + + ..................
2 1.3 3.5 5.7
x , 0 < x < 1
10. Find the Fourier series to represent the function defined as f ( x) =
0, 1 < x < 2
11. Find the half-range sine and cosine series for the function ex in 0 x 1.
12. Obtain the half-range cosine series for the function f (x) = (1-x)2 in the interval 0 x 1
1 4 cos x cos 2x cos 3x
as f ( x) = + 2 + 2
+ 2
+ ..................
3 1 2 3
1 , 0 x a/2
13. Obtain the half-range sine and cosine series for the function f ( x) =
1, a/2 x a

1 1 2nx l
14. Show that the series

n sin
n =1 l
represents x when 0 < x < l.
2

mx , 0 x /2
15. If f ( x) =
m( x), / 2 x
then obtain the half-range sine series for the function as
4m sin x sin 3 x sin 5 x
f ( x) = 2 2 + 2
..................
1 3 5

MODULE V
16. Derive Cauchy Riemann partial differential equations for the necessary conditions of
analyticity of a function of complex variable. When these conditions become sufficient?
17. Show that continuity does not imply differentiability by considering the function
2
f (z) = z .

x 3 y ( y ix )
, z0
18. Verify whether the function f ( z ) = x 6 + y 2 is non - analytic at z = 0 .
0, z=0

19. If f ( z ) = u + iv is an analytic function of z, prove that the two curves u ( x, y ) = c1 and
v( x, y ) = c 2 will intersect orthogonally.
20. Derive Cauchy Reimann equations in polar form and prove that
2 u 1 u 1 2 u 2 v 1 v 1 2 v
+ + =0 and + + =0
r 2 r r r 2 2 r 2 r r r 2 2
21. If and are functions satisfying Laplaces equation, show that S+iT is analytic, where

S= and T = +
y x x y
1 px
22. Determine p such that the function f ( z ) = log( x 2 + y 2 ) + i tan 1 is an analytic
2 y
function.
23. If = + i represents the complex potential for an electric field and
x
= x2 y2 + , determine the function .
x + y22

## 24. State and prove Cauchys Integral Theorem.

25. State and prove Cauchys Integral Formula.
2 +i

z
2
26. Evaluate I 1 = dz along the line OA where A is the point (2+i).
0

c

## ii) left half of the unit circle z = 1 .

e z
28. Evaluate C z 2 dz round the contour C, where C is the circle z = 1.
3z 2 + z
29. Use Cauchys integral formula to evaluate C z 2 1 where C is the circle z = 2 .
30. Evaluate the integrals
cos z cos z 2 e2z
i)
C z 1
dz ii)
C ( z 1)( z 2)
dz (iii) C ( z + 1) 4 dz
where C is the circle z = 2 .

MODULE VI
1
31. Find the image of z 2i = 1 under the mapping = .
z
1
32. Show that the image of the hyperbola x 2 y 2 = 1 under the transformation w = is the
z
Lemniscate 2 = Cos 2 .
z i
33. Show that under the transformation w = real axis in the z-plane is mapped into the
z+i
circle w = 1 . What portion of the z-plane corresponds to the interior of the circle?

2z + 3
34. Show that the transformation w = changes the circle x 2 + y 2 4 x = 0 into the
z 4
straight line 4u + 3 = 0 .
35. Find the bilinear transformation which maps the points z=0,-i,-1 into w=i, 1, 0
respectively.
1
36. Expand f ( z ) = in Laurents series valid for the regions
( z + 1)( z + 3)

## (i) 1< z <3 (ii) 0 < z + 1 < 2 .

z2 1
37. Find the Taylors or Laurents series which represent the function f ( z ) =
( z + 2)( z + 3)

## when (i) 2 < z < 3 , (ii) z < 2 , (iii) z > 3.

38. For the following functions, find the poles and the residues at each poles:
z2 1 z2 cot nz
(i) f ( z) = , (ii) f ( z) = (iii) f ( z ) =
( z + 2)( z + 3) ( z 1) 4 ( z 2)( z 3) ( z a)2
39. State Cauchys theorem of residues. Evaluate the following integrals using Cauchys
theorem of residues:
2z 2 + 1
C ( z + 1) 2 ( z 2) dz where C: (a) z = 3 , (b) z 1 = 1

## 40. Use the method of contour integration to prove that:

2 2
1 2 1 2
(i) 0 2 + cos d = 3 , (ii) 0 1 + a 2 2a cos d = 1 a 2 , 0 < a < 1,

## 41. Use the method of contour integration to prove that:

1
(i) (1 + x

2
)
dx =
2

cos x e b e a
(ii) ( x 2 + a 2 )( x 2 + b 2 ) dx = a 2 b 2
b

a

MODULE VII

## 42. Form the partial differential equations for the following:

x2 y2
(i) f (x2 +y2 - z2, x+y+z )=0 , (ii) 2z = 2
+ 2 , (iii) z = f ( x 2 + y ) + g ( x 2 y ) .
a b
43. Solve the following differential equations:
(i) xy2 p+xzq = y2, (ii) ( y + zx ) p ( x + yz)q = ( x 2 y 2 ) ,
(iii) (x2-yz)p+(y2-zx)q = z2-xy,
(iv) x2(y-z)p+y2(z-x)q=z2 (x-y), (v) ( y2+z2-x2)p -2xyq+2zx = 0.

44. Solve the following partial differential solutions, where D and D
x y

(i) ( D 2 2 DD 15D 2 ) z = 12 xy

(ii) ( D 2 2 DD D 2 ) z = sin( 2 x + 3 y )

(iii) ( D 2 2 DD ) z = 2e 2 x 3 x 2 y

(iv) ( D 2 DD + 2 D 2 ) z = ( y 1)e x

(v) (4 D 2 4 DD + D 2 ) z = 16 log( x + 2 y )

45. Solve the following partial differential solutions, where D and D
x y

(i) ( D 2 DD + D 1) z = cos( x + 2 y )

(ii) ( D 3D 2) 2 z = 2e 2 x tan( y + 3 x)
46. A string is stretched and fastened to two points l cm. apart. The string is displaced and
then released to vibrate in the x-t plane, where u ( x, t ) denotes the vertical displacement
of the vibrating string. The initial- boundary value problem modeling the motion of the
2u 2
2 u
string is given by =c , 0 < x < l , t > 0 , with the boundary conditions:
t 2 x 2
u (0, t ) = 0, u (l , t ) = 0, t > 0 , and the initial
conditions: u ( x,0) = x (l x), ut ( x,0) = 0. Solve it by the method of separation of
variables.
2u 2
2 u
47. Solve the one dimensional wave equation 2 = c , 0 < x < l, t > 0
t x 2
with the boundary conditions: u (0, t ) = 0, u (l , t ) = 0, t > 0 , and the initial conditions:

## u ( x,0) = 0, u t ( x,0) = b sin 3 ( x / l ).

48. Solve the one dimensional heat conduction equation
u 2u
= c2 2 0 < x < l, t > 0
t x
with the boundary conditions: u (0, t ) = 0, u (l , t ) = 0, t > 0 , and the initial conditions:

x
u ( x,0) = 3 sin , 0 < x < l.
l
49. Solve the following boundary value problem:
u 2u
= c2 2 , 0 < x < l, t > 0 ,
t x
u (0, t ) u (l , t )
subject to the condition = 0, = 0 and u ( x,0) = x, 0 < x < l.
x x
50. Solve the following problem:
u 2u
= , for the conduction of heat along a rod without radiation, subject to the
t x 2
following conditions:
u (0, t ) u (l , t )
(i) = 0, =0
x x
(ii) u ( x,0) = lx x 2 , 0 < x < l.