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2002 4 55

Cr - Mo

( , 200062)

1 1 1 1
2 4 Cr - 1Mo , 2 4 Cr - 1Mo - 4 V 3Cr - 1Mo - 4 V ,


Cr - Mo

1
Cr - Mo ,
, , ( , 10 ,

1 1 1
) ; ( ) ; ; 2 4 Cr - 1Mo - 4 V, 3Cr - 1Mo - 4 V Cr - Mo
( , ) ; 1
2 4 Cr - 1Mo ,
, ,
1 1
1 1998 , 2 4 Cr - 1Mo - 4 V ,
60 , 2 4 Cr - 1Mo
, ,
,
1
, 3Cr - 1Mo - 4 V
[1 ] : 2. 25Cr - 1Mo 40
332 432 30000h , 40J 2 Cr - Mo ,
- 37 + 60 , ( ASME) 3Cr - 1Mo -
1
V 4
, , 1 1
2 Cr - 1Mo - V ,
4 4

,
, , Cr - Mo

4 ,
( 1) , ( 3)

, CS2000 205A ,
, 197A , 3 4 %
( 2) 5
6 8 , CS2000
; CS2000 2500 ,
1 2 , 9934 : : 11134 ,
CS2000 ,
56 39

, 3 Cr - Mo A ( C) = 0. 75 + 0. 25tgh[ 20 ( C - 0. 12) ] ;
tgh -

2 t100 > ( t100 ) cr ,


t100 [ 1] , t100
2. 1
Ty
2. 1. 1
( t100 ) cr = exp ( 67. 6P3cr - 182. 0P2cr + 163. 8Pcr - 41. 0)
[1 ] :
Pcr = CEN + 0. 15l g[ H] + 0. 30l g ( 0. 0017 K
t w)
( 1) IIW :
Kt - 1. 5 8
Mn Cr + Mo + V Ni + Cu
Ceq = C +
6
+
5
+
15 w - ( MPa) R
( 2) : s
Si Mn + Cr + Cu Ni Mo V ,
Pcm = C + + + + + + 5B
30 20 60 15 10 CEN ( Pcm ) Y
Pw = Pcm +
[H ]
+
h
(
R
) , ,
60 600 400000
Ty
[ H] - ( mL/ 100g) ;
CEN ,
h - ( mm) ;

R - ( N/ mm. mm)

Ty - ( ) 2. 1. 2
Ty = 1440Pw - 392 1 ,
( 3) 2
Si Mn Cu Ni 2. 2 Y
CEN = C + A ( C) ( + + +
24 16 15 20
2. 2. 1
Cr + Mo + V + Nb
+ + 5B) ( 1) 2. 25Cr - 1Mo 1 ,
5
= 36mm

1

C% Mn % P% S% Si % Ni % Cr % Mo % V% Nb % B% Ti % Cu % Ca %

1
1 2 Cr - 1Mo 0. 10 0. 45 0. 0125 0. 0125 0. 25 2. 25 1. 00
4
1
2 2 Cr - 1Mo 0. 10 0. 42 0. 015 0. 015 0. 32 2. 48 0. 98
4
1
3 2 Cr - 1Mo 0. 15 0. 48 0. 011 0. 023 0. 075 2. 06 0. 99
4
1 1
4 2 Cr - 1Mo - V 0. 13 0. 45 0. 0075 0. 005 0. 05 0. 125 2. 25 1. 00 0. 30 0. 035 0. 001 0. 015 0. 10 0. 0075
4 4
1
5 3Cr - 1Mo - V 0. 125 0. 45 0. 010 0. 010 0. 05 3. 0 1. 0 0. 25 0. 002 0. 02
4
2
IIW
1
Ceq Pcm Pw Ty ( ) CEN Pcr (t100 ) c r Ty( )
1 0. 825 0. 31 0. 4392 240 0. 5606 0. 7639 3150 205
2 0. 869 0. 326 0. 4552 264 0. 614 0. 8173 3671 225
3 0. 84 0. 3455 0. 4747 292 0. 7131 0. 9164 3978 230
4 0. 93 0. 3754 0. 5046 335 0. 7379 0. 9412 4045 235
5 1. 05 0. 3575 0. 4867 309 0. 8142 1. 0175 4686 250

: [ H] = 4 ,R = 25000 , Kt = 4
, w = 350
2002 4 57

( 2) GB4675. 1 - 84 ) , 2
1
Cr - 1Mo
4
( 3) R407 , < 4
300 350 ,
, ,
2
y
( 4) 160 170A , 23 24V ,
,
150 165mm/
,
( 5) ,
, ,

,
2. 2. 2
,
Y ( )
2. 3
[2 ] 3
2. 3. 1 J X
1
( 1) 2 4 Cr - 1Mo 1 :
J = ( Si + Mn) ( P + Sn) 10 100 ( %)
4
: b = 645MPa , s = 525MPa , 5 = 22% , =
X = ( 10P + 5Sb + 4Sn + As) 10 15PPm
-2
76%
( 2) : CMA- 106N, < 4mm 350 , 2 , VTr54 +
3VTr54 0 ,
1
( 3) : 160A, : 24V, 2 4 Cr - 1Mo 3 Cr - 1Mo - 1/ 4V
2. 5mm. s
- 1
, 1. 5kJ. mm ; - 1
1
3. 1 2 4 Cr - 1Mo
1. 6mm. s , 2. 3kJ. mm
- 1 - 1

80
2. 3. 2
, -

, 1980 12
cr - 20 V
16. 8MPa , 15. 96MPa;
Akv
365 , 400 1984 10 1996 10
2. 4
1 , 10 U
( Pcm ) 2 Cr - 1Mo
4 ,
Ty = 264 , Y = 257mm
, ,

1
CEN 2 Cr - 1Mo
4
,
Ty = 230 ,

, , , 1
3. 2 3Cr - 1Mo - 4 V

, 3Cr - 1Mo -
1
4 V
, ( ,)
( t100 ) cr , 1
3Cr - 1Mo - 4 V ,
21/ 4Cr - 1Mo
1 1 1 168mm
, 2 4 Cr - 1Mo - 4 V 3Cr - 1Mo - 4 V
( )
, , (

58 39

3. 3 , Tr54 ,
1 1 1 1
[ 3] 2 4 Cr - 1Mo 2 4 Cr - 1Mo - 4 V , 2 4 Cr - 1Mo
, ,
[ 3] , 2
1
Cr - 1Mo , Tr54
4
1 11
3Cr - 1Mo - 4 V 54J
( ) 4
1 1 1
, 2 4 Cr - 1Mo 54J ( 1) 2 4 Cr - 1Mo 2 4 Cr -
1 1 1 1
, 2 4 Cr - 1Mo - 4 V 3Cr - 1Mo - 1Mo - 4 V 3Cr - 1Mo - 4 V
1 ( 2) ,
4 V 54J
1
1 1 , , 2 4 Cr -
, 2 4 Cr - 1Mo - 4 V ,
1Mo ,


1 1
, 2 4 Cr - 1Mo - 4 V 3Cr - 1Mo - 1 1
( 3) 2 4 Cr - 1Mo 2 4 Cr - 1Mo -
1
4 V Tr54 , 1 1
4 V 3Cr - 1Mo - 4 V ;
1
, 11 ( 20
F) 2 4 Cr - ,
1Mo , ( 4) ,
10 , ( ) , 2
Tr54 1
Cr - 1Mo
4
,J 70
200% , 80 100% ; X
25ppm 20ppm, 15ppm;

VTr54+ 3Tr54 0
,
J , 1
, 2 ,

, ,1992. 12
6164
211
2 ,2. 25Cr - 1Mo ,
P As Sb Sn , Si
,2000 ,No6 ,2527
1
, 2 2 Cr - 1Mo , 3 Shiro Nose (Japan) , E. H. Niccolls ( U. S. A) and others ,FABRICATION
OF A HYDROPROCESSING REACTOR APPLYING 2. 25CR -
As Sb Sn ;
1MO - V - CB - CA STEEL , PVP - VO1. 380 , Fitness - for - Servic
Si P S ,
Evaluations in Petroleum and Fossil Power Plants ASME1998 ,
1
2 4 Cr - 1Mo 301315 1

2002
4 PROCESS EQ U PM EN T & P IP IN G Vol . 39 No . 4 AU GU S T 2002 ( Tatal No . 211)

Gan Fan gl in Based o n t he engineering experience , t he material selectio n fo r


Shan g ha i Design Institute of Chemical Industry t he gas buried piping is discussed in t his article .
Shan g ha i , 200032 Ke y words :material of gas piping ,selectio n ,discussio n
In t his article , t he co nditio n of selecting t he agirtatio n device
Erection Techniques of Natural Ga s Pipin g in Court yard and
installed f ro m t he bot to m t he st ruct ure and calculatio n met ho d were
Room
int ro duced .
Shi Yuxi
Ke y words : agitatio n device , installed f ro m t he bot to m , st ruct ure ,
Chan gzhou Normal Institute of Technology
design
Chan gzhou , 213001
Revie w of Anchor Fixing Methods Wit h t he example of nat ural gas engineering of Mingshen
L i Maoxin g Building in Xian , t he erectio n techniques of nat ureal gas piping in
China Tianceng Chemical Engineering Co. co urt yard and roo m were int ro duced in t his article . At t he same
Tian j in g , 300400 time ,t he p neumatic test met ho d fo r t he piping was p resented .
Many equip ment used in pet rochemical indust ry have been Ke y words :co urt yard ,in roo m ,nat ural gas ,erectio n technique
impo rted f ro m U SA , J apan , France , Ger many and Canada . In t his
Appl ication of Pol ythylene Pi pe in Natureal Ga s Pipin g La yout in
artcle , t he ancho r fixing of t he equip ment f ro m t hese different
Shan g ha i
co unt ries were analyzed and evaluated .
Chen Hong
Ke y wores : equip ment fo r pet rochemical p ro ductio n , ancho r fixing
Shangha i Installation Engineering Co.,Ltd.
met ho d ,evaluatio n
Shan g ha i , 200080
Buil din g Document of Pipe Material Procurement and Price Polyet hylene has been used as t he material of nat ural gas piping
In quir y in resident area . Based o n t he engineering p ractice , in t his article ,
Din g Yon t he applicatio n of t he polyet hylene piping in Shanghai nat ural gas
China Hual u Engineering Co. indust ry was summarized .
Xian , 710054 Ke y words : polyet hylene pipe , characteristic of pipe material , heat
Based o n t he p rocedure of editing document of pipe material f usio n ,elect ric f usio n
p rice inquiry , in t his paper , t he requirement s of editing t he docu2
Ref orm of Packing Seal Sy stem in Water Pump
ment of valve p rocurement , valve test and inspectio n were dis2
Ma L ij un
cussed .
Zhon gy uan Da hua Group Co.,Ltd.
Key words :p rice inquiry ,valve ,test and inspectio n Puyang , 457004
Selection of Titanium Fitting s In t his article ,t he mechanism and characteristics of t he packing
Da i Hon g wei ,Luo Jing hua seal CS2000 were int ro duced . The refo r m of t he water p ump by
Xinian Rare Metal Ne w Material Stock Co. Ltd. using t his kind of seal was also p resented .
Xian , 710016 Ke y words :water p ume ,leakage ,seal refo r m ,energy saving
In t his article , t he develop ment of titanium fit tings in China
Anal y sis of Wel d Propert y and Temper Brittleness f or Cr - Mo
and t he applicatio n of titanium fit tings were analyzed and evaluat2
Steel
ed . One new p rocess fo r p ro ducing titanium elbow was also int ro2
Zhang Youde
duced .
Shan g ha i Inspection Institute of Boiler & Pressure Vessel
Ke y words :titanium , fit ting , elbow , T joint , pipe wit h different di2
Shan g ha i , 200062
ameter ,st andard
The cold crack sensitiveness and temper brit tleness of t hree
Ne w Manufacture Technique of Wel ded and L ined Sta inless p ressure vessel steels fo r high temperat ure , high p ressure and hy2
Steel Pi pe by Usin g L i quid Pressure drogen enviro nment were co mpared and analyzed in t his article . The
Wan g Xueshen g p ropo sal of material selectio n fo r hot wall reacto r wit h hydrogen
Shan g ha i Jiaoton g Universit y was ,t hen ,p resented .
Shan g ha i , 200030 Ke y words : Cr - Mo steel , reacto r wit h hydrogen , cold crack sensi2
L i Peining tiveness ,temper brit tleness
Ea st China University of Science & Technology
Discussion of Wel d Process and Qual it y Control f or Titanium
Shan g ha i , 200237
Alloy
In view of t he fact t hat t here is lack of t he met ho d to p ro duce
Zhan g Xue
co mbined pipe by use of liquid p ressure , a kind of new equip ment
Tian j in g En g ineerin g Construction Supervision Co.,Ltd.
using liquid p ressure has been created . By using t his equip ment ,
Tian j in g , 300000
stainless steel lined pipe can be p ro duced . The mechanism and
On t h basis of t he p roperties and usage of titanium ,t he welding
st ruct ure of t he equip ment and technique of p ro ducing co mbined
p rocess of t his material was discussed in t his article . The qualit y
pipe by use of liquid p ressure were int ro duced in t his paper .
p ro blems po ssibly occurred in t he p rocess and solving met ho ds were
Key words :stainless steel lining ,co mbined pipe ,expanding adhesio n
analyzed .
wit h liquid p ressure
Ke y words :titanium material ,weld ,welding qualit y
Brief Introduction of Stretcha ble Simple Supported Pipe Joint
Ke y Problems in Production Qual it y of Titanium and Titanium
You Saoyan
Alloy Pressure Vessel
Qindao Institute of Chemical Technology
Chen Kuntang
Qindao , 266042
In t his article , t he p ro blems existed in t he joint s of t he buried Guangzhou Supervision and Inspection Institute of Boiler and
Pressure Vessel
piping were p resented first . Then ,t he characterisitics and st ruct ure
of t he st retchable simple suppo rted pipe joint were int ro duced . Guangzhou , 510080
Ke y words : st retchable simple suppo rted pipe joint , st ruct ure , char2 Thro ugn t he analysis of t he inherent p hysical and chemical
acteristic p roperties of titanium , t he key step to p ro duce t he imp urit y pollu2
tio n in t he fabricatio n of titanium p ressure vessel was pointed o ut in
Selection Pi pin g Material f or Cit y Ga s Transportation t his paper . The har mf ulness of t he imp urit y , t he surface character2
L i Xiaoj un istic and main inspectio n met ho d were also p resented .
Guangdong Province Design Institute of Petrochemical Insdusty Key words :titanium ,pollutio n ,inspectio n met ho d
Guan gzhou , 510130