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This document contains a comparison between manual calculation results with Matrix method of analysis against SAP2000 analysis

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You are on page 1of 21

BY:

W.P.R Indrajith (168913V)

UNIVERSITY OF MORATUWA

SRI LANKA

JANUARY 2017

Contents

Introduction............................................................................................................. 1

Example 1................................................................................................................ 3

Example 2................................................................................................................ 5

Example 3................................................................................................................ 6

Example 4................................................................................................................. 8

Example 5................................................................................................................ 9

Example 6................................................................................................................ 11

Example 7................................................................................................................ 14

Example 8................................................................................................................ 17

Conclusion ............................................................................................................. 19

Introduction

We were taught to calculate reactions in statically indeterminate structures using "Force method of

analysis" and "Displacement method of analysis" during the classes. The examples which we worked

out during the course have been solved using SAP2000 software package and compared with the

results which we obtained with our manual calculations.

This short report presents the compression of results between manual calculation and SAP2000

output. Most of the examples, solved manually, contain variables with symbols rather than numerical

values. But, during the pre-processing stage with software, we have to define material and section

properties with numerical values. In order to compare the results, rounded up values were used

during the property definition stage with the software. Yet, there are some examples which those

parameters were given in the example itself. Those were used exactly the same during definitions in

the software.

For the general case, the material and section definition was done with the values given below.

I = 0.12 x 0.1.3

12

= 1x 10-5 m4

Page 1

Material and section definition for the typical frame section with SAP2000

Page 2

Example 1: A B C

L L

Load case 1: Downward settlement of support A by L/100.

Load case 2: Downward settlement of support B by L/100 together with clockwise rotation

of 0.004 at support C.

Data:

Span (L) = 5 m.

Define material : Modulus of elasticity (E) = 1x1010 kN/m2

Define member section: width (b) = 120mm, height (h) = 100mm

Hence flexural rigidity (EI) = 1x105 kNm2

Arrangement in SAP2000

(Support reactions in KN)

(Support reactions in KN)

Page 3

Bending moment diagram- SAP2000 Results - Load case 1 : Settlement at A

(Bending moments in KNm)

Bending moment diagram- SAP2000 Results - Load case 2 : Settlement at B and Rotation at C

(Bending moments in KNm)

Results Comparison

Manual Analysis

SAP2000 Analysis

With notation With values

L.C 1 L.C 2 L.C 1 L.C 2 L.C 1 L.C 2

2 2

Reaction at A (kN) (-0.017EI/L ) 0.046EI/L -L/500 (- 68 ) 183.99 ( - 68.53) 185

Reaction at B (kN) 0.0429EI/L2 (-0.1577EI/L2) 171.6 (- 630.8 ) 171.31 ( - 630.38)

B.M at C (kNm) (-0.00857EI/L) 0.0651EI/L (- 171.4) 1302 (- 171.19) 1301.86

Upward reaction (+Ve)

Above table shows the reaction summary where SAP2000 sign convension

converted as per manual analysis

Page 4

Example 2: udl - W kN/m

A D

L B L C L

Find bending moments at B and C.

Data:

Span (L) = 5 m. Udl = 10 kN/m

Define material : Modulus of elasticity (E) = 1x1010 kN/m2

Define member section: width (b) = 120mm, height (h) = 100mm

Hence flexural rigidity (EI) = 1x105 kNm2

Hence spring constant = 16000 kN/m

Arrangement in SAP2000

Results Comparison

Manual Analysis

SAP2000 Analysis

With notation With values

2

Bending moment at B (kNm) 0.0377 wL 9.425 9.43

Page 5

Example 3:

Cable C2 3m

Cable C1 1.5 m

A B

3m C 3m D 6m

25 kN

Data

Beam I = 16 x 106 mm4

E = 200 GN/m2

Cable a = 100 mm2

= 1 x 10-5 per oC Find forces in cables and bending moment at D due to 25kN at

D and drop of temperature of 200C.

Analysis with sap

Data:

Define member section: width (b) = 192mm, height (h) = 100mm (I = 16 x 106 mm4 )

Arrangement in SAP2000

Page 6

Assignment of temperature drop in SAP2000

Cable forces

Results Comparison

Tension-Cable 1 (kN) 2.12 2.2

Tension-Cable 2 (kN) 23.3 23.29

B.M at D (kNm) 1.95 1.96

Page 7

Example 4: 4P

B C

L

udl - P/L

0.8 L

P

A D

0.6 L

Data:

Span (L) = 10 m. Udl = 10 kN/m

10 2

Define material : Modulus of elasticity (E) = 1x10 kN/m

Define member section: width (b) = 120mm, height (h) = 100mm

Hence flexural rigidity (EI) = 1x105 kNm2

P = 100 kN

Arrangement in SAP2000

SAP2000 Analysis

With notation With values

Bending moment at D (kNm) 0.74 PL 740 741.6

B.moment at span B-C(kNm) 0.6435 PL 643.5 643.37

B.moment at end A-B(kNm) 0.309 PL 309 310.25

B.moment at end C-D(kNm) 0.683 PL 683 684.18

Results converge well.

Page 8

Example 5: PL P

B C

L

0.5 L

L P D

Data:

Span (L) = 10 m.

10 2

Define material : Modulus of elasticity (E) = 1x10 kN/m

Define member section: width (b) = 120mm, height (h) = 100mm

Hence flexural rigidity (EI) = 1x105 kNm2

P = 10 kN

3D view

Page 9

Bending moment diagram from SAP2000

Results Comparison

Manual Analysis

SAP2000 Analysis

With notation With values

Bending moment at A (kNm) 0.09 PL 9 9.36

Bending moment at D (kNm) 0.27 PL 27 27.08

B.Moment at end BA (kNm) 0.61 PL 61 61.45

B.Moment at end CD (kNm) 0.33 PL 33 33.33

Signs have been omitted and only the magnitudes are presented.

Page 10

Example 6: B Plan view of a grid is shown

udl - q kN/m L/3

A 2L/3 L/3 C

2L/3

Data:

Span (L) = 6 m.

10 2

Define material : Modulus of elasticity (E) = 1x10 kN/m

Define member section: width (b) = 120mm, height (h) = 100mm

Hence flexural rigidity (EI) = 1x105 kNm2

q = 10 kN/m

It is given that, GJ = 0.5 EI. But based on the defined material properties and member dimensions,

that condition does not come automatically. Hence Torsional constant need to be modified as

follows.

Page 11

Material data definition in SAP2000

E = 1 x 1010 kN/m2

G = 4.167 x 109 kN/m2

I = 1 x 10-5 m4

Section definition in SAP2000 J = 1.984 x 10-5 m4

G = 4.167 x 109 kN/m2 J = 1.984 x 10-5 m4 GJ = 82673 kNm2

Hence Torsional constant need to be modified by, 0.5x 1 x 105 = 0.6048

82673

Page 12

Modification factor for Torsional constant in SAP2000

Results Comparison

Manual Analysis

SAP2000 Analysis

With notation With values

Vertical reaction at A (kN) 0.4197 qL 25.182 25.08

2

Bending moment at A (kNm) 0.0611 qL 21.996 21.69

Page 13

Example 7: Plan view of a grid is shown

udl - q kN/m

B

L

A

udl - q kN/m

L

Flexural rigidity EI. Take GJ = 0.5 EI Find end moments at A & deformations at B.

Data:

Span (L) = 4 m.

10 2

Define material : Modulus of elasticity (E) = 1x10 kN/m

Define member section: width (b) = 120mm, height (h) = 100mm

Hence flexural rigidity (EI) = 1x105 kNm2

q = 10 kN/m

It is given that, GJ = 0.5 EI. But based on the defined material properties and member dimensions,

that condition does not come automatically. Hence Torsional constant need to be modified exactly

the same way as did in example 6.

Page 14

With the specified material and section,

G = 4.167 x 109 kN/m2 J = 1.984 x 10-5 m4 GJ = 82673 kNm2

Hence Torsional constant need to be modified by, 0.5x 1 x 105 = 0.6048

82673

Page 15

Bending moment diagram with SAP2000

Results Comparison

Manual Analysis

SAP2000 Analysis

With notation With values

Bending moment at A (kNm) 0.443qL2 70.88 71.11

4

Vrtical deflection at B (m) 0.097qL /EI 0.00248 0.00249

3

Rotation at B 0.111qL /EI 0.00071 0.00071

Signs have been omitted and only the magnitudes are presented.

Page 16

Example 8: A B C D

3m 4m 3m

Data:

Define member section: width (b) = 120mm, height (h) = 100mm

Hence flexural rigidity (EI) = 1x105 kNm2

Arrangement in SAP2000

Application of settlement at C

Application of settlement at C

Page 17

Bending moment diagram

(Bending moments in KNm)

Results Comparison

Manual Analysis

SAP2000 Analysis

With notation With values

B.M at A (kNm) 5.503 x 10-3 EI 550.3 547.84

-2

B.M at B (kNm) 1.10 x 10 EI 1100 1098.31

B.M at C (kNm) 1.565 x 10-2 EI 1565 1562.58

Signs have been omitted and only the magnitudes are presented.

Page 18

Conclusion

- The results are not exactly the same and the difference is almost in the decimal places and

negligible.

2 Most of the cases in manual analysis, we ignore the axial deformation in

members, where soft ware counts these as well. Indeed this axial stifnesses can

be modified in the software also in the case of exact comparission is required.

- This exercise helped to improve the confidence of both manual analysis and software based

analysis with SAP2000.

Page 19

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