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TECHNOLOGY FOCUS

Cementing/Zonal Isolation
Gunnar DeBruijn, SPE, Principal Instructor, Schlumberger

The terms cement and isolation are Enhancing performance ing zonal isolation in increasingly chal-
used interchangeably in the oil field. Stat- lenging environments, including deeper
ing the obvious, cement is a material in cementing is a necessary water, long-reach wells, and wells sub-
that is mixed as a slurry, pumped into component of challenging, jected to large temperature and pres-
place, and then predictably turns into sure cycles throughout the life of the
an impermeable (very low permeability)
and improving, the costs well. Every geographic location presents
solid. Despite cements remarkable prop- ofdrilling a well. unique challenges.
erties, the search continues for enhance- As engineers in the drilling industry,
ments in the areas of cost and isolation we also continue to look for verifica-
performance. Several themes are evi- especially related to strength and flex- tion that isolation has been achieved.
dent throughout the sessions and papers ibility. However, we have yet to find a sys- Programs, laboratory tests, real-time
that were presented at SPE events this tem that exceeds both the economic and monitoring, and post-job documentation
year. Efficiencies and enhancements have the technical performance of cement in all contribute to a holistic approach to
been explored even to the point of replac- todays wells for zonal isolation. As we cementing and barrier verification. The
ing cement with other materials. Along continue to search for new isolation sys- featured papers, along with the addi-
with each improvement, verification of tems, we also continue to enhance our tional reading, explore new materials,
zonal isolation has been investigated. existing processes and materials. improved techniques, and optimized
Replacements for cement systems, Enhancing performance in cementing performance for zonal isolation.JPT
such as geopolymers and resins, are inves- is a necessary component of challeng-
tigated in a number of papers. Geopoly- ing, and improving, the costs of drill-
mers have promising long-term strength ing a well. New components, updates Recommended additional reading
and bonding properties. Resins also have to additives, and specifically designed at OnePetro: www.onepetro.org.
desirable performance characteristics, cement systems are enablers to provid-
SPE/IADC 184672 High Assurance
on Barrier Placement and Evaluation for
Deepwater Wells in Brazil by V. Reveth,
Gunnar DeBruijn, SPE, is a principal instructor for Schlumberger Schlumberger, et al.
Well Integrity (Cementing). He has 27 years of experience work- SPE 180344 Relating Cement-Additive
ing in the oil industry, mostly in cementing. DeBruijn has worked Performance to Mix-Water Composition
across North America and in deep water around the world, sup- forDeepwater and Salt-Zone Applications
porting cementing and well-integrity initiatives. His current by B.R. Reddy, Aramco, et al.
focus is on training and competency development for the world- SPE/IADC 184675 True Self-Healing
wide cementing population. DeBruijn also regularly contributes Geopolymer Cements for Improved
to industry standards. He holds a BS degree in mechanical engi- Zonal Isolation and Well Abandonment
neering from the University of Alberta. DeBruijn serves on the JPT Editorial by Xiangyu Liu, The University of Texas at
Committee and can be reached at gunnar1@slb.com. Austin, et al.

78 JPT MAY 2017