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, 116100)

,
:

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: ;

:TQ053.5;
TQ050.6 :B :1001 -4837(2007)12 -0022 -04

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,
GB 151 13Mn
NiMo
NbR;
15Cr
MoR(
, 20Mn
MoNi
55;
16Mo
3);
SAF2205
( 00Cr
18Ni
5Mo
3Si
2
)
( 1 )
13Mn
NiMo
NbR 15CrMoR (
+ ), GB6654 1996;SAF2205
S a
ndv
ik (
+ ),
AS
ME -ASA789 UNSNo
.S
31803(
:EN 1.4462); 1
AWSA5.
9 ER2209(S
and
vik :
22.
8.3.L)
22
24 12 181

1 , , Mn-Mo-Ni

2205
,
1
() (MPa
)


13MnNiMo NbR 15CrMoR 20MnMo S31803
280 275 7.6 4.5
3600 120 mm SR 1825 70 mm 120 +7 mm 44 2

1.2
2.
2 13Mn
NiMo
NbR Mn, Ni

, Mo
, ;

2.113MnNi
MoNb
R Mn/S ,
[ 2]
2.1.1 (
2, 3) , , ,
2 13MnNi
MoNbR [ 1] (Wt%)
C Mn S
i S P Cr Ni Mo Nb
0.15 1.20 1.60 0.15 0.50 0.020 0.025 0.20 0.40 0.60 1.00 0.20 0.40 0.005 0.020
0.13 1.48 0.45 0.007 0.010 0.30 0.80 0.30 0.016

3 13Mn
NiMo
NbR [ 1] 0
b(Rm) s(Rp0.2 ) (A) 0 , AKV :
5
(D=3a ,
(MPa ) (MPa) (%) (J) 13Mn
NiMo
NbR ,
)
180
570 720 390 18 34 ,
[ 4]
660 410 24 102, 94, 88 300 350 ,

(1)
2. AF2205
2S
1)
[ 3]
: S
AF2205
CE =C+Mn/6 +(Cr+Mo+V)/5 ,
+(Cu+Ni
)/150.55% ,
2) P cm(
) :
Pcm =C+S
i/30 +(Mn+Cu+Cr)/20
+Ni
/60 +Mo/15 +V/10 +5B0.
268% ;

-

3) Cl ,
, : S
AF2205 304, 316
T
O = -214 +324Pm +17.
c 7 [ H] +0.
14 b 0.18% ,
+4.73 h170 PRE (PRE=Cr+3.3Mo+16N),
[ H] , 1.
5 ml
/100 g SAF2205 PRE 35
b , 660 MP a ;
904L PRE (

h
, 38 34) S
and
vik 22.
8.3.L 4
(2)
Y
GB4675.1 84 13Mn
NiMo
NbR Y 3

38 mm200 mm
150 mm;
:
J607Ni; 150 , 175 ,
; 48 h , : :
2205
,
23
CPVT Vo
l No12 2007
24.

4ER2209 [ 5] (Wt
%)
C Si Mn Cr Mo P S Ni Cu N
AWSA5.9 0.030.90 0.50 2.00 21.5 23.5 2.5 3.5 0.030 0.030 7.5 9.5 0.75 0.08 0.20
Sa
ndv
ik 0.018 0.50 1.60 23.0 3.20 0.013 0.007 9.0 0.16

3.12205 ,
2205 Ni
,
ER2209 , , 1 /2
, ; :

2205 ;
,
, : 10 mm 2205 (60 mm) ,
, 0 +10
;
10 15 mm 2205 , :
,
100 40 mm (

, ), ,
, , ,
;
;

,
, (0.5 2.5 k
J/ , , ,
[ 6]
mm) 2205 ,
44 mm2 mm 38 mm2 mm, (
,
, - );

0.8 1.2 k
J/mm (UT)
, - (PT), ,
( V up
), , 3.
3
, ,
5 s
, Ni
, Mo :
(1) T (
2);
, (2) (
3);
, (3) (
4)
3.2

, ,
, 5 :
(1)
309L+ 308L;
(2)
309L+ 347;
(3)
309L+ 2209;
(4)
309L+ 309LMo
;
(5)Ni
CrMo-3(I
nco
nel625 )

, :
308L, 347, 3%
8%; Mo
309L , 10% 20%;
2 A
2209, 40% 60%
24
24 12 181

) 13Mn Ni
MoNb
R,
15CrMo
R, ,
, S
AF2205 ,
,
,
,
(680 2.
5 h, 5);

620 2.5 h (
6);

620 4 h( 7);

(
)

A ,
(UT)
(MT);
B C
, (RT) (UT)

(MT),
A B , , 21,
2/3,
:
25 30 mm,
25 30 mm;

: ( );
, ,
, ,
C , ,
,
, 560 0.
5 h (

8) ,
50
(C0.04%;
0.
02%)

, C ,
4
3.4
, ,
(
(
44 )
25
CPVT Vo
l No12 2007
24.

10.55%, 3.1 (3)



, , , ,
,
5
:
b 0.2
(mm) 5
(MPa ) (MPa ) (%)
[ 1] .
AS
ME-S
B168 550 240 30 [ M] . :

1 25.15 14.53 470.0 323.0 8.3 , 1993.476 -484.
2 25.15 14.62 492.0 318.0 8.8
[ 2] AS
ME .
6 AS
ME (CACI
) .AS
ME -
S
B168 - - (UNS N06600, N06601,

(mm) (mm) N06603, N06690, N06693, N06025 N06045) -
1, 2 - (UNSN06617) [ S] . :
30 90.0
1, 2
AS
MEI
I B . :

, 2004.86 -88.
[ 3] GB/T13814 92, [ S] .
4
[ 4] GB2649 89, [ S] .
:
, 1990.
(1)
, [ 5] GB2653 89, [ S
].
, , [ 6] GB/T228 2002, [ S] .
;
(2)
, :2007 -09 -25
, , :
(1980 -),
, , , :

, ; 9 ,

( 25 )
;
:

[ 1] GB6654 1996, [ S] .
[ 2] . [ M] .
:
,
1995.
[ 3] .
[ M] . :

, 2001.
[ 4] .
[ M] . :

, 2000.
[ 5] AS
ME( ).

C (2004 ) [ S] .
8
[ 6] Cl
aes-Ov
ePe
tt
ers
son S
ven-Ak
eFa
ger
.
SAF2304 S
AF2205S
AF2507
;
[ R] . :
, 1994.

:2007 -09 -23 :2007 -11 -20
:
(1974 -), , , :


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