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General Knowledge Today

Current Affairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise


Compendium]

Published Date: July 4, 2017


Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Contents
Month Highlights: June, 2017 ........................................................................................................................... 3
Date Wise Current Affairs ............................................................................................................................... 18
June 1, 2017 ........................................................................................................................................................ 18
India Mobile Congress (IMC 2017) to be held in September ......................................................... 18
Salient Highlights ....................................................................................................................................... 18
ISROs GSLV-Mk III Launched .............................................................................................................. 19
Salient Facts ................................................................................................................................................ 19
India Loses its Fast Growing Economy Tag to China . .................................................................... 20
Reasons ........................................................................................................................................................ 20
Only 4 Indians Feature in ESPN World Fame 100 list ..................................................................... 20
Methodology ............................................................................................................................................... 21
NASAs Parker Solar Probe to Explore Suns Atmosphere .............................................................. 21
Salient Highlights ....................................................................................................................................... 21
Historian Ramachandra Guha resigns as BCCI Administrator ........................................................ 21
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 22
Ramachandra Guha .................................................................................................................................. 22
Telangana Launches T-Wallet ................................................................................................................ 22
Salient Highlights ....................................................................................................................................... 22
Astana Summit: India and Pakistan to become Full members of SCO ......................................... 23
Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) ........................................................................................ 23
SEBI Approves Airtel and Telenor Merger ......................................................................................... 23
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 24
SEBI .............................................................................................................................................................. 24
Countrys First Automatic Coastal Warning for Disasters to come up in Odisha ...................... 24
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 24
June 2, 2017 ....................................................................................................................................................... 25
India and Russia Sign 5 Pacts ................................................................................................................. 25
Agreements ................................................................................................................................................. 25
Others .......................................................................................................................................................... 25
Paris Climate Deal: US to Withdraw ..................................................................................................... 26
Reasons ........................................................................................................................................................ 26
Implications ................................................................................................................................................ 26
Prithvi-II Missile Test Fired Successfully .............................................................................................. 26
Prithvi-II ...................................................................................................................................................... 27
Mouma-Manika Pair made History by becoming First Indian Pair to reach Quaternals in
World TT Championships .............................................................................................................. 27
Second Scorpene Class Submarine Ready for Sea Trials ................................................................. 27
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 27
Project 75 ................................................................................................................................................... 28

2
Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Fact Box: Global Peace Index 2017 ...................................................................................................... 28


Salient highlights ....................................................................................................................................... 28
Researchers at IIT Kharagpur Develops AmbuSens for monitoring Hospital-bound Patients
................................................................................................................................................................ 29
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 29
Shashi Shekar Vempati Appointed as CEO of Prasar Bharati ......................................................... 30
June 3, 2017 ....................................................................................................................................................... 30
SEBI Constitutes Committee on Corporate Governance ................................................................. 30
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 30
Background ................................................................................................................................................. 31
SEBI ............................................................................................................................................................... 31
Samsung Signs MoU with Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) to Set
Up 2 more Tech Schools ................................................................................................................. 31
Salient Highlights ....................................................................................................................................... 31
Indian Origin Leo Varadkar to be the Next PM of Ireland .............................................................. 32
Ganeshan Neelakanta Iyer becomes First Indian to be in inducted in ITTF URC . ................... 32
NASA is all Set to Launch First Ever Mission to Study Neutron Stars ......................................... 33
Signicance ................................................................................................................................................. 33
UNSC Expands Sanctions against North Korea ................................................................................. 33
Salient Highlights ....................................................................................................................................... 33
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 34
Vizianagaram bags MGNREGA National Award .............................................................................. 34
NASA to launch Sounding Rocket to release Radiant Articial Clouds ....................................... 34
Salient Highlights ....................................................................................................................................... 35
Signicance ................................................................................................................................................. 35
June 4, 5, 2017 .................................................................................................................................................. 35
June 5: World Environment Day ............................................................................................................ 35
UNEP ........................................................................................................................................................... 36
Soon Women to get Combat Role in Indian Army ........................................................................... 36
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 36
World Bank: India to grow at 7.2% in 2017 ...................................................................................... 36
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 37
World Bank ................................................................................................................................................ 37
Sai Praneeth wins Thailand Grand Prix Gold Title ........................................................................... 37
India Secures Top Position in Global Retail Development Index ................................................... 37
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 38
GRDI ............................................................................................................................................................ 38
Six Arab Nations Cut Diplomatic Ties with Qatar ............................................................................ 38
Reasons ........................................................................................................................................................ 38
Implications ................................................................................................................................................ 39
Nepal Signs Agreement for Mega Hydroprojects with Chinese Firm ......................................... 40

3
Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 40


Indias rst Rural LED Street Lighting Project to be implemented in Andhra Pradesh ............ 40
Signicance
................................................................................................................................................ 40
Background ................................................................................................................................................. 41
June 6, 2017 ....................................................................................................................................................... 41
Habibganj
Salient Railway .......................................................................................................................................
Highlights Station to become Indias First Private Railway Station ................................. 41 41
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 42
IMD to release Malaria and Chikungunya Alerts .............................................................................. 42
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 42
National Board of Wildlife Clears Rutland Island for DRDOs Missile Testing Project ........... 43
Reasons for Delay
..................................................................................................................................... 43
Signicance ................................................................................................................................................. 43
Conditions ................................................................................................................................................... 43
Vijaya Bank
Vijaya Bank Plans to develop 100 Digital Villages ............................................................................. 44
................................................................................................................................................. 44
Indias biodiversity riches increases by 499 species .......................................................................... 44
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 44
Sher Bahadur Deuba elected as 40th Prime Minister of Nepal . ................................................... 45
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 45
Sachin to become part of the UN Campaign Highlighting Role of Fathers in Childs
Development
...................................................................................................................................... 46
Initiative ....................................................................................................................................................... 46
Kerala Government implements Green Protocol for making Weddings more Nature Friendly
............................................................................................................................................................... 46
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 46
June 7, 2017 ...................................................................................................................................................... 47
FinanceHighlights
Salient Ministry asks Ministries to decide on FDI proposals within 60 Days ........................... 47
...................................................................................................................................... 47
FDI Approving Authorities after FIPB Abolition ............................................................................... 48
UP Board to have NCERT Books from Next Academic Year . ...................................................... 48
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 48
India signs Agreement to provide $318 million Line of Credit to Sri Lanka . ............................. 49
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 49
Hoshiar Singh Appointed as Chief of Copyrights ofce . ................................................................ 49
Worlds First Hybrid Aeroboat Unveiled ............................................................................................ 50
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 50
RBI Keeps the Repo Rate Unchanged .................................................................................................. 50
Background ................................................................................................................................................. 51
National Human Milk Bank and Lactation Counselling Centre Inaugurated ............................... 51
Salient Highlights ....................................................................................................................................... 51

4
Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

BMI Research: India One of Top 5 Consumer Markets in Asia ..................................................... 52


Salient Highlights ....................................................................................................................................... 52
June 8, 2017 ....................................................................................................................................................... 52
UNCTAD: India among Top FDI Destinations .................................................................................. 52
Salient Highlights of the Report ............................................................................................................. 53
Indian American among 12 new Astronauts Selected by NASA .................................................... 53
Fact Box: Hottest Known Planet in Universe ...................................................................................... 54
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 54
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 54
Union Health Minister Conferred WHO Director-Generals Special Recognition Award for
Global Tobacco Control .................................................................................................................. 55
Indian Scenario .......................................................................................................................................... 55
WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) . ...................................................... 55
One Million Dollar Fund Established for BRICS Media .................................................................... 55
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 56
BRICS .......................................................................................................................................................... 56
WHO revises Protocol for Antibiotics .................................................................................................. 56
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 56
WHO ............................................................................................................................................................ 57
Explained: UK Elections ........................................................................................................................... 57
Law Ministry clears Kambala Bill .......................................................................................................... 58
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 58
Kambala ...................................................................................................................................................... 58
June 9, 2017 ....................................................................................................................................................... 58
Bopanna-Dabrowski Wins French Open Mixed Doubles ................................................................ 58
French Open .............................................................................................................................................. 59
Petrol and Diesel Prices to be revised Daily from June 16 ............................................................... 59
Signicance ................................................................................................................................................. 59
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 60
Indian Girl Sahithi Pingali to get Planet Named after Her . ............................................................ 60
India and UNOSSC launch Partnership Fund to Promote Sustainable Development . ............. 60
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 60
UNOSSC ...................................................................................................................................................... 61
President launches Sele with Daughter Mobile App ..................................................................... 61
Background ................................................................................................................................................. 61
UK Elects its First Female Sikh and First Turban Wearing Sikh as MPs ...................................... 62
Supreme Court: Linking of Aadhaar with PAN Mandatory ............................................................ 62
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 63
Government awards Contracts for completion of Kaladan project in Myanmar ....................... 63
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 63
KMTT ......................................................................................................................................................... 63

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Background ................................................................................................................................................ 64
Signicance ................................................................................................................................................ 64
June 10, 2017 ..................................................................................................................................................... 65
NITI Aayog launches SATH Program ................................................................................................. 65
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 65
NITI Aayog ................................................................................................................................................ 65
SEBI Clears Vikram Limaye for the post of NSE Chief .................................................................... 65
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 66
IOC Approves New Events for Tokyo Olympics .............................................................................. 66
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 66
IOC .............................................................................................................................................................. 67
Indias Forex Reserves reach Life Time High of $381.167 billion ................................................. 67
Components ............................................................................................................................................... 67
India moves WTO against US ................................................................................................................ 67
WTO ............................................................................................................................................................ 68
EU, France give 3.5 Million Euros as Grant to Curb Emissions in India ...................................... 68
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 68
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 69
French Open: Jelena Ostapenko wins Womens Crown .................................................................. 69
French Open .............................................................................................................................................. 69
Fact Box: QS World Universities Ranking 2018 ................................................................................ 69
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 70
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 70
June 11, 12, 2017 ............................................................................................................................................... 70
French Open 2017: Rafael Nadal Wins his 10th French Open Title ............................................. 70
French Open ............................................................................................................................................... 71
Fact Box: Tele-Law Initiative ................................................................................................................... 71
Salient Highlights ....................................................................................................................................... 71
Jnanpith Awardee C Narayana Reddy Passes Away .......................................................................... 72
CSIR-SERC Develops Easy-to-Assemble Toilet ................................................................................. 72
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 72
CSIR-SERC ................................................................................................................................................. 72
Arunachal Pradesh Demands Separate Time Zone to increase Efciency ................................... 73
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 73
Problems with IST for North East ........................................................................................................ 73
Lewis Hamilton wins Canadian Grand Prix for Sixth Time ............................................................ 73
Bihars Project Jal Sanchay Chosen for National Award ................................................................ 74
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 74
ISSF World Cup: Jitu Rai-Heena Sidhu Clinch Gold Medal ............................................................ 74
June 13, 2017 ..................................................................................................................................................... 75
Mens Tennis ATP Rankings: Rafael Nadal moves up to No.2 ...................................................... 75

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Mens Tennis ATP Current Rankings .................................................................................................. 75


WTA Current Rankings ........................................................................................................................... 75
Expert Committee Constituted to examine Rules on Movement of People Near Indo-Myanmar
Border
................................................................................................................................................. 76
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 76
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 76
CRY Report:
Salient Uttar ......................................................................................................................................
Highlights Pradesh ranks First in Number of Child Labourers . ..................................... 76 77
ICDS ............................................................................................................................................................ 77
Panama forges Diplomatic ties with China and breaks away with Taiwan . ............................... 77
Panamas Stand ......................................................................................................................................... 77
Taiwans Response ................................................................................................................................... 78
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 78
RBI to release New batch of Rs 500 Currency Notes . ................................................................... 78
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 78
ICC ODI Player Rankings: Virat Kohli becomes No.1 ODI Batsman ............................................ 79
SEBI asks Commodity Exchanges to Set up Investor service Fund . ............................................. 79
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 79
SEBI ............................................................................................................................................................. 80
Indian Warships reach Australia to take part in Bilateral Maritime Exercise AUSINDEX-17
............................................................................................................................................................... 80
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 80
June 14, 2017 ...................................................................................................................................................... 81
SEBI allows Options Trading in Commodity Futures . ..................................................................... 81
Salient Highlights ....................................................................................................................................... 81
Background ................................................................................................................................................. 81
SEBI .............................................................................................................................................................. 82
Ministry of Railways launches Mission Retro-Fitment . .................................................................... 82
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 82
Features ....................................................................................................................................................... 82
DRDO Successfully Test-res anti-Tank Nag Missile . .................................................................... 83
Nag Missile ................................................................................................................................................. 83
RBI identies 12 Bank Accounts accounting 25% of NPAs to initiate Bankruptcy Proceedings
................................................................................................................................................................ 83
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 83
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 84
India raties Two Fundamental Global Conventions to combat Child Labour .......................... 84
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 84
Government Initiatives ............................................................................................................................. 85
Verizon Completes Yahoo Acquisition ................................................................................................. 85
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 85

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Union Cabinet approves Interest Subvention on Short-Term Crop Loan to Farmers 85


..............
Salient Highlights
...................................................................................................................................... 86
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 86
Union Cabinet approves Proposal to introduce the Financial Resolution and Deposit Insurance
Bill 2017
.............................................................................................................................................. 86
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 86
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 87
June 15, 2017 ..................................................................................................................................................... 87
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 87
IOC, BPCL, HPCL Sign Agreement to set Worlds Largest Renery . .......................................... 87
Neeru Chadha becomes First Indian Women to be elected to International Tribunal for the Law
of the Seas .......................................................................................................................................... 88
Neeru Chadha ........................................................................................................................................... 88
ITLOS .......................................................................................................................................................... 89
Israeli Author David Grossman wins Man Booker International Prize . ...................................... 89
Man Booker Prize ..................................................................................................................................... 89
India-South Korea sign Agreements to Push Infrastructure Development and Bilateral Trade
............................................................................................................................................................... 89
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 90
UN Report: India is Top Remittance Receiving Country . ............................................................... 90
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 90
IFAD ............................................................................................................................................................. 91
Bhupen Hazarika Award conferred to Yeshe Dorjee Thongshi . ................................................... 91
Yeshe Dorjee Thongshi ............................................................................................................................ 91
China launches its First X-ray Space Telescope ................................................................................. 92
Signicance ................................................................................................................................................. 92
AIIB Approves $150 million for India Infrastructure Fund . ........................................................... 92
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 93
AIIB .............................................................................................................................................................. 93
June 16, 2017 ..................................................................................................................................................... 93
UN General Assembly Approves Creation of New UN Ofce of Counter Terrorism .............. 93
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 93
Functions .................................................................................................................................................... 94
Indias Views .............................................................................................................................................. 94
Justice PN Bhagwati, a Pioneer of Judicial Activism Passes Away . ............................................... 94
Justice Bhagwati ........................................................................................................................................ 94
Virat Kohli Creates Record by becoming Fastest Batsman to Score 8000 runs in ODIs ........ 95
Fact Box: Global Innovation Index 2017 . ........................................................................................... 95
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 95
GII ................................................................................................................................................................ 96
India re-elected to ECOSOC .................................................................................................................. 96

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 96


ECOSOC ..................................................................................................................................................... 97
Government makes Aadhaar Mandatory for Opening Bank Accounts ....................................... 97
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 97
NASA: May 2017 is the second hottest month in 137 years ......................................................... 98
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 98
RBI: Indias Current Account Decit narrowed in 2016-17 ........................................................... 98
Current Account Decit .......................................................................................................................... 98
June 17, 18, 2017 .............................................................................................................................................. 98
Helmut Kohl, father of German reunication Passes Away ............................................................ 98
Black Money: Automatic Information Sharing with Switzerland from 2019 ............................. 99
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 99
Australias Vivid Sydney enters Guinness World Records for Maximum Number of light
installations ....................................................................................................................................... 100
Vivid Sydney .............................................................................................................................................. 101
Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurates Kochi Metro . .......................................................... 101
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 101
India-Afghanistan Air freight Corridor to Open Up Soon ............................................................. 102
Signicance ............................................................................................................................................... 102
External Affairs Minister inaugurates KIP for Young Overseas Indians ...................................... 103
Know India Programme (KIP) ............................................................................................................. 103
June 17: World Day to Combat Desertication and Drought ....................................................... 103
Desertication .......................................................................................................................................... 104
Fact Box: James Webb Space Telescope & its First Targets .......................................................... 104
James Webb Space Telescope .............................................................................................................. 104
June 19, 2017 ................................................................................................................................................... 105
K Srikanth wins Indonesian Open ....................................................................................................... 105
NASAs Orion Spacecraft Clears Safety Tests .................................................................................. 105
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 105
Orion Spacecraft ..................................................................................................................................... 106
China to send Mini-Ecosystems to the Moon ................................................................................... 106
Salient Highlights .................................................................................................................................... 106
ISROs Mars Orbiter Mission completes 1000 Earth Days in Orbit ............................................ 106
MOM ......................................................................................................................................................... 107
Fact Box: Ram Nath Kovind ................................................................................................................. 107
Facts ........................................................................................................................................................... 107
Presidential Election-Facts ..................................................................................................................... 108
GST: Anti-proteering Panel to be set up ......................................................................................... 108
Salient Highlights .................................................................................................................................... 108
Mobile App Celebrating Yoga Launched ....................................................................................... 109
Salient Highlights .................................................................................................................................... 109

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Fact Box: Environmental Impact Survey . .......................................................................................... 109


Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 110
June 19, 20, 2017 ............................................................................................................................................. 110
Lockheed and Tata sign Pact to make F-16 Planes in India . ....................................................... 110
Background ................................................................................................................................................ 111
India raties UN TIR Convention in a bid to Counter Chinas OBOR . ....................................... 111
TIR ............................................................................................................................................................... 111
Signicance ................................................................................................................................................ 112
Energy Conservation Building Code 2017 Launched ....................................................................... 112
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 112
Mumbais Taj Mahal Palace Hotel acquires Image Trademark . ............................................... 113
Trademark Act of 1999 ......................................................................................................................... 113
NASAs Kepler Telescope nds 10 Earth-Like Planets . .................................................................. 114
Kepler Space Telescope .......................................................................................................................... 114
Reliance Defence inks Pact with Serbias Yugoimport to Manufacture Ammunition in India
............................................................................................................................................................... 114
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 115
India and Portugal inks Agreement to Promote Cooperation in The Field of Archives . ........ 115
Salient Highlights
...................................................................................................................................... 115
Background ............................................................................................................................................... 116
ISRO
SalienttoHighlights
launch Earth Observation Satellite ........................................................................................ 116
..................................................................................................................................... 116
PSLV ............................................................................................................................................................ 116
June 21, 2017 .................................................................................................................................................... 117
Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute bags PMs Yoga Award . ....................................... 117
Salient Facts ............................................................................................................................................... 117
First Indigenously built Floating Dock Launched by L&T . ............................................................ 117
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 117
Background ............................................................................................................................................... 118
China unveils Worlds First Train that runs on Virtual Tracks . .................................................... 118
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 118
June 21: International Yoga Day ........................................................................................................... 118
Background ............................................................................................................................................... 119
NASA tests ROSA on Space Station for First Time ......................................................................... 119
Salient Facts ............................................................................................................................................... 119
Signicance ............................................................................................................................................... 120
June 22, 2017 ................................................................................................................................................... 120
Railways to launch Operation Swarn to revamp Rajdhani, Shatabdi Trains ............................. 120
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 120
Premium Trains ....................................................................................................................................... 120
Saudi Arabia: King names Son as new Crown Prince . ................................................................... 121

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Signicance ................................................................................................................................................ 121


Background-Saudi Arabias Royal Succession ................................................................................... 121
India and Russia Celebrates 10 Years of Partnership in Science and Technology .................... 122
MoU
............................................................................................................................................................ 122
Background ............................................................................................................................................... 122
UN Appoints Russian Diplomat Vladimir Voronkov as Chief of newly established United
Nations
UNCCT Counter-Terrorism Centre
...................................................................................................................................................... 123
South China Sea Dispute: China launches. Research ...........................................................................................
Project to Compile Data on Disputed 122
Region ................................................................................................................................................ 123
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 123
South China Sea Dispute ....................................................................................................................... 124
UN: India to become more Populous than China by 2024 . ......................................................... 124
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 124
World population Prospectus: The Revision ...................................................................................... 125
Uttarakhand and Haryana Declared Open Defecation Free States . ............................................ 125
Background ............................................................................................................................................... 125
Indias Largest Municipal Bond Programme Launched . ................................................................ 126
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 126
Municipality Bonds .................................................................................................................................. 126
June 23, 2017 ................................................................................................................................................... 126
US Approves Sale of UAV Technology to India ............................................................................... 127
Signicance ............................................................................................................................................... 127
Background .............................................................................................................................................. 127
Government announces 30 new Smart Cities .................................................................................. 127
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 127
Background .............................................................................................................................................. 128
NASA launches Worlds Lightest Satellite designed by Indian Student . ..................................... 128
Salient Facts .............................................................................................................................................. 129
Government launches VAJRA Scheme . ............................................................................................. 129
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 129
DST ............................................................................................................................................................ 130
Nisha Dutt bags Social Entrepreneur of the Year Award . ............................................................ 130
Background .............................................................................................................................................. 130
NITI Aayog Selects CCMB as Incubation Centre for Biotech Start-ups . .................................. 130
Salient Facts ............................................................................................................................................... 131
Background ............................................................................................................................................... 131
Fact Box: Indias Contribution to Thirty Metre Telescope (TMT) Project . ............................... 131
Salient Facts ............................................................................................................................................... 131
POSOCO-IMD Weather Portal & Web Portal MERIT launched ................................................ 132
POSOCO-IMD Weather Portal . .......................................................................................................... 132

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

MERIT ........................................................................................................................................................ 132


June 24, 2017 ................................................................................................................................................... 133
West Bengal Honoured with UN Public Service Award . ............................................................... 133
Background ............................................................................................................................................... 133
Imran Khawaja Appointed as ICC Deputy Chairman . ................................................................... 133
ICC ............................................................................................................................................................. 134
Quality of Life: Government launches Index to Rank 116 Cities . ................................................. 134
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 134
Incentives to States .................................................................................................................................. 134
India-Russia Signs Roadmap for Defence Cooperation . ................................................................ 135
Background ............................................................................................................................................... 135
Palbinder Kaur Shergill becomes rst turbaned Sikh woman to be appointed as Judge in
Canada Supreme Court
................................................................................................................. 136
UNESCO:
Salient Paris Agreement
Highlights Only Way to Save Coral Reefs . ........................................................ 136
..................................................................................................................................... 136
Coral Reefs ................................................................................................................................................ 136
RBI: Fiscal Decit of States Soars to Rs 4.93 trillion in FY16 . ..................................................... 137
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 137
June 25, 26, 2017 ............................................................................................................................................ 138
India and Portugal Sign 11 Pacts . ........................................................................................................ 138
Agreements ............................................................................................................................................... 138
K Srikanth Wins Australian Open Super series Title ....................................................................... 139
Indian Army to rethink on its Sahayak System ................................................................................ 139
Sahayak System ....................................................................................................................................... 139
ISSF Junior World Rie/Pistol Championship: Yashaswini Deswal and Anish Bhanwala Wins
Gold ................................................................................................................................................... 140
HRD Ministry Constitutes K. Kasturirangan Panel to Frame National Education Policy ........ 140
Background ............................................................................................................................................... 141
World Bank clears $250-million loan for Skill India Mission . ...................................................... 141
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 141
World Bank ............................................................................................................................................... 142
NASAs Opportunity Mars Rover nds evidence of Ancient Lake ............................................... 142
Salient Facts .............................................................................................................................................. 142
Background .............................................................................................................................................. 142
Srinivas Gokulnath becomes First Indian to Solo nish Race Across America ......................... 142
RAAM ........................................................................................................................................................ 143
Fact Box: ISROs Satellite-based chips for Unmanned Rail Crossings . ....................................... 143
Salient Facts .............................................................................................................................................. 143
Need ........................................................................................................................................................... 144
June 27, 2017 .................................................................................................................................................. 144
Romania: Mihai Tudose named as Prime-Minister Designate . .................................................... 144

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Romania .................................................................................................................................................... 144


Key Takeaways from Prime Minister Modis US Visit .................................................................... 144
Key Takeaways ........................................................................................................................................ 144
US to declare China among Worst Human Trafcking Offenders .............................................. 145
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 145
Implications .............................................................................................................................................. 146
FSSAI issues Draft Regulations for Organic Food Products ......................................................... 146
Need ........................................................................................................................................................... 146
Salient Highlights .................................................................................................................................... 147
BCCI forms Committee to oversee Lodha Panel Reforms ............................................................ 147
Salient Highlights .................................................................................................................................... 147
Lodha Committee ................................................................................................................................... 148
Kaushik Basu takes over as President of IEA .................................................................................... 148
IEA .............................................................................................................................................................. 148
EU slaps Google with 2.42 billion euros Fine ................................................................................... 148
Salient Highlights .................................................................................................................................... 148
Time Line .................................................................................................................................................. 149
Worlds First ATM celebrates its 50th Birthday .............................................................................. 149
Salient Facts .............................................................................................................................................. 149
June 28, 2017 ................................................................................................................................................... 150
Indian Army gets Modern Bullet Proof Helmets .............................................................................. 150
Salient Facts .............................................................................................................................................. 150
Need ........................................................................................................................................................... 150
Background .............................................................................................................................................. 150
India and Netherlands sign 3 Agreements ......................................................................................... 150
Salient Highlights ...................................................................................................................................... 151
India-Netherlands ..................................................................................................................................... 151
Dr. Manoj Soni takes Oath as UPSC Member .................................................................................. 151
UPSC .......................................................................................................................................................... 152
Odisha to become First State in the Country to Open a Blood Bank for Cattle ....................... 152
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 152
Election Commission joins hands with Facebook to Launch First Time Nationwide Voter
Registration Reminder .................................................................................................................. 152
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 152
Election Commission ............................................................................................................................... 153
China has launched its Biggest Naval Destroyer .............................................................................. 153
Analysis ...................................................................................................................................................... 153
Explained: Petya Ransomware Cyberattack ....................................................................................... 154
Extent of Attack ....................................................................................................................................... 154
Petya ransomware ................................................................................................................................... 154
ISRO successfully launches GSAT-17 Satellite ................................................................................. 154

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 155


Launch Vehicle ......................................................................................................................................... 155
June 29, 2017 ................................................................................................................................................... 155
Government issues Notication for roll out of GST ....................................................................... 155
Salient Facts .............................................................................................................................................. 155
GST-Background .................................................................................................................................... 156
NASA achieves a major milestone in developing Quieter Supersonic Jet ................................... 156
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 156
PM Modi inaugurates Centenary Celebrations of Sabarmati Ashram ......................................... 157
Sabarmati Ashram ................................................................................................................................... 157
Shrimad Rajchandraji .............................................................................................................................. 157
India offers $100,000 to UN Tax Fund ............................................................................................. 157
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 158
Background .............................................................................................................................................. 158
US issues New Visa Criteria for Six Muslim Countries ................................................................... 158
Salient Facts .............................................................................................................................................. 158
Background .............................................................................................................................................. 159
NALSA has launched Web Application for Legal Services to Prisoners ..................................... 159
Salient Facts .............................................................................................................................................. 159
Signicance ............................................................................................................................................... 160
NALSA ...................................................................................................................................................... 160
Indian-American appointed as US Ambassador to Peru ................................................................ 160
Facts ........................................................................................................................................................... 160
UNESCO names Sharjah as World Book Capital ............................................................................ 160
Salient Highlights .................................................................................................................................... 160
World Book Capital City ........................................................................................................................ 161
June 30, 2017 ................................................................................................................................................... 161
US to sell C-17 Globemaster Transport Aircraft to India ............................................................... 161
Salient Facts ............................................................................................................................................... 161
SIERRA ODC building in Coimbatore receives Worlds Second Highest Green Rating ......... 162
Salient Facts .............................................................................................................................................. 162
Green Buildings ....................................................................................................................................... 162
ADB commits USD 10 billion to support development of States in India .................................. 163
Salient Highlights ..................................................................................................................................... 163
ADB ............................................................................................................................................................ 163
Germany legalises Same-Sex Marriage .............................................................................................. 163
Salient Facts .............................................................................................................................................. 163
Money Parked by Indians in Swiss banks hit record low .............................................................. 164
Salient Highlights .................................................................................................................................... 164
Background .............................................................................................................................................. 164
Ankit Kawatra bags Queens Young Leaders Award for 2017 ..................................................... 165

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Salient Facts .............................................................................................................................................. 165


Queens Young Leader Awards ............................................................................................................ 165
NASA launches Rocket to produce Colourful Articial Clouds ................................................... 165
Salient Facts .............................................................................................................................................. 166
Ionosphere ................................................................................................................................................ 166
Mizoram: 31st Anniversary of Mizo Peace Accord Celebrated .................................................... 166
Mizo Peace Accord-Signicance ......................................................................................................... 166
Compendium of Multiple Choice Questions ............................................................................................. 167

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Month Highlights: June, 2017


Persons in news Appointments / Elections
Shashi Shekar Vempati
Shashi Shekar Vempati has been appointed as the CEO of Prasar Bharati based on the
recommendation of the three-member committee headed by Vice President. He will hold the
post for a period of five years. Since February 2016, Vempati is currently serving as a
Member (part time) of the Prasar Bharati Board.
Leo Varadkar
Irelands Fine Gael party has elected a 38 year old Leo Varadkar as prime minister of Ireland.
He will succeed Enda Kenny. Varadkar will be confirmed as prime minister when Irish
parliament next sits on June 13. Leo Varadkar has earned the distinction of becoming
Irelands first gay prime minister.
Ganeshan Neelakanta Iyer
Ganeshan Neelakanta Iyer has become the first Indian to be nominated as a member of the
Umpires and Referees Committee (URC) by International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF).
He will serve for a term of two years which is further extendable.
Sher Bahadur Deuba
Sher Bahadur Deuba,70, has been elected as Nepals Prime Minister for the fourth time. He
was the only candidate who contested in the election as the main opposition party UML
decided to end the obstruction of parliament and did not register its candidates for the
election. Deuba managed to secure 388 votes in the 593 strong Parliament in order to prove
his majority.
Hoshiar Singh
Hoshiar Singh, a 1994 batch officer of the Indian Telecom Service has been appointed as
Registrar of Copyrights for a period of five years as per the recent order issued by the
Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT).
Lt Col Raja Grinder Chari
NASA has selected 12 new astronauts including an Indian-American, Lt Col Raja Grinder
Chari, from 18000 applications, Lt Col Raja Grinder Chari, 39, is a commander of the 461st
Flight Test Squadron as well as the director of the F-35 Integrated Test Force at Edwards Air
Force Base in California. He belongs to Iowa. His father is from India.
Preet Kaur Gill
In a first Preet Kaur Gill has become the first Sikh to be elected to the British Parliaments
House of Commons. Similarly, Tanmanjeet Singh Dhesi has become the first turban-wearing
Sikh to be elected to the House of Commons.
Neeru Chadha

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Law expert Neeru Chadha has been elected to the International Tribunal for the Law of the
Seas (ITLOS). With this election, she has become the first Indian women to win a crucial
election to a top UN judicial body that deals with disputes related to the law of the sea. Neeru
has become the first Indian woman to be appointed as a judge at the ITLOS.
Ram Nath Kovind
Bihar Governor Ram Nath Kovind has been chosen by the National Democratic Alliance as
its Presidential Candidate.
Mohammed bin Salman
Saudi Arabias king has appointed his son Mohammed bin Salman as crown prince and heir
to the throne replacing his nephew, Mohammed bin Nayef. This also means that Prince
Mohammed bin Salman will become the kingdoms deputy prime minister while continuing
as defence minister.
Vladimir Voronkov
The UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres has appointed Russian diplomat Vladimir
Voronkov to head the newly established UN Counter-Terrorism Centre (UNCCT), despite
growing tensions between the US and Russia. The Vladimir Voronkov has been given the
rank of Under-Secretary-General.
Palbinder Kaur Shergill
Palbinder Kaur Shergill has become the first turbaned Sikh woman to be appointed as
Canadas Supreme Court judge. The announcement was made by the minister of justice and
attorney general of Canada Jody Wilson-Raybould.
Mihai Tudose
In Romania, President Klaus Iohannis has appointed outgoing economy minister Mihai
Tudose as Prime Minister and thus paved the way for the formation of a new leftist Social-
Democrat-led government in that country.
Kaushik Basu
Kaushik Basu has taken over as president of the International Economic Association (IEA).
He will have three-year tenure. Kaushik Basu has served as Indias chief economic adviser
from 2009 to 2012. He has also served as senior vice-president and chief economist at the
World Bank from 2012 to 2016.
Dr Manoj Soni
Dr Manoj Soni has taken Oath of Office and Secrecy as a member of the Union Public Service
Commission (UPSC). The Oath was administered to him by the UPSC Chairman Prof. David
R. Syiemlieh.
Krishna R Urs
S. President Donald Trump has appointed an Indian-American named Krishna R Urs as the

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new US Ambassador to Peru.


Places in News
Budhigandaki Hydroelectric Project
Nepal has struck a major deal with China Gezhouba Group Corporation (CGGC) for
developing a 1,200 MW Budhigandaki Hydroelectric Project, which will be the biggest hydro
project in Nepal having the potential to resolve its perennial power crisis.
Habibganj railway station
Habibganj railway station in the suburbs of Bhopal will become countrys first railway station
to be redeveloped in a public-private partnership (PPP) mode. The idea is to develop
Habibganj railway station as a as a world-class transit hub equipped with all amenities.
Rutland Island
The National Board of Wildlife has approved Rutland Island in South Andaman to be the site
for the countrys long-range missile test facility. DRDO has been seeking the approval for the
test facility since 2012. Taking into account the strategic importance of the project for
countrys defence, the Standing Committee of the National Board of Wildlife has approved
the project.
Kochi Metro
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated Kochi Metro, which will be Keralas first
metro line. The Construction of the Kochi Metro which was entrusted to the DMRC has
been completed in a record four-year period. Prime Minister has inaugurated the first phase
of the metro with 13.2 km out of the total 25 km stretch. The Kochi Metro will be the
countrys eighth inter-city metro rail project.
Sports
ESPN World Fame 100 list
India captain Virat Kohli, former captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni and left-handed batsmen,
Yuvraj Singh and Suresh Raina are the only Indians who featured in ESPNs ranking of the
100 most famous active athletes in the world.
Ramachandra Guha
Historian Ramachandra Guha has tendered his resignation as BCCI administrator citing
personal reasons. He submitted his resignation letter to Chairman of the Committee of
Administrators of the BCCI Vinod Rai on May 28.
Manika Batra, Mouma Das
Indias Manika Batra and Mouma Das have created history by becoming the first Indian pair
to reach the quarterfinals of the World Table Tennis Championships.
B Sai Praneeth
Ace Indian Shuttler B Sai Praneeth has clinched Thailand Grand Prix Gold title by defeating
Indonesias Jonatan Christie 17-21, 21-18, 21-19 in Bangkok.

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Rohan Bopanna, Gabriela Dabrowski


Rohan Bopanna has won his maiden Grand Slam title along with his Canadian partner
Gabriela Dabrowski by winning the French Open mixed doubles trophy. This is Bopannas
maiden Grand Slam title at French Open.
Jelena Ostapenko
Unseeded Jelena Ostapenko of Latvia has lifted the the 2017 French Open Womens Singles
crown. She defeated Simona Halep 4-6, 6-4, 6-3. This will be Ostapenkos first ever Grand
Slam title. With this win, Ostapenko, 20, has become the first unseeded woman to win the
French Open after Britains Margaret Scrivens feat in 1933.
Jitu Rai, Heena Sidhu
Indian shooters Jitu Rai and Heena Sidhu have clinched the gold medal in mixed team 10m air
pistol event of the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) World Cup held at Gabala,
Azerbaijan.
Lewis Hamilton
Lewis Hamilton won Canadian Grand Prix at the Circuit Gilles Villeneuve in Montreal,
Canada. It is Hamiltons sixth victory at the Canadian Grand Prix. Previously, he had won the
titles in 2007, 2010, 2012, 2015 and 2016. It is also his third victory this season and the 56th
of his career.
Virat Kohli
Indias Skipper Virat Kohli has created a record by becoming the quickest batsman to score
8000 runs in one-day international cricket beating South Africas AB de Villiers record by
seven fewer innings. He managed to cross the 8000 run mark in his 175th innings during
Indias match against Bangladesh in ICC Champions Trophy semi-final in Birmingham.
Kidambi Srikanth
Indias Kidambi Srikanth has lifted the Indonesia Open Super Series badminton title at Jakarta
by defeating Japans Kazumasa Sakai in straight sets 21-11, 21-19.
Imran Khawaja
The International Cricket Council (ICC) has appointed Imran Khawaja as its deputy
chairman. Imran Khawaja is Chairman of Associates counties and a veteran administrator
from Singapore.
Kidambi Srikanth
The world No.11 Kidambi Srikanth has sealed his second successive Super Series win by
defeating reigning Olympic champion Chen Long in the Australian Open summit clash in
Sydney.
Yashaswini Singh Deswal, Anish Bhanwala
Indian shooters Yashaswini Singh Deswal and Anish Bhanwala has bagged gold in the
Womens 10m Air Pistol and Mens 25m Standard Pistol competition respectively in the

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Junior World Rifle/Pistol Championship held in Germany.


Srinivas Gokulnath, Amit Samarth
Nashiks army doctor Srinivas Gokulnath and Nagpurs doctor Amit Samarth have created
history by becoming the first Indians to complete the 4,900-km Race Across America
(RAAM) in the solo 18-59 age category.
Rajeev Shukla Committee
The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) has constituted a special seven-member
committee to analyse the few contentious Lodha panel reforms which are being opposed by
the state units. The seven-member Lodha committee has been formed under the head of
Rajeev Shukla.
Persons in news: Died
Cingireddi Narayana Reddy
Renowned Telugu poet and writer Cingireddi Narayana Reddy has passed away. In 1992,
Reddy was awarded the countrys third-highest civilian honour, Padma Bhushan. In 1977, he
was awarded the Padma Shri.
Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati
Former Chief Justice of India Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati who is considered as a
pioneer of Judicial Activism has passed away. He was 95 years old. Justice Bhagwati had
introduced the concepts of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) and absolute liability to the Indian
judicial system.
Helmut Kohl
Former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, who is hailed as the father of German unification
has passed away. He was responsible for unifying Germany after the 1989 fall of the Berlin
Wall despite facing stiff resistance from Margaret Thatcher and Mikhail Gorbachev.
Science, Technology & Environment
NASAs Parker Solar Probe
NASAs Parker Solar Probe will be launched in the summer of 2018 to explore the suns
atmosphere. The purpose of the launch will be to study suns outer atmosphere and to
understand how sun works. The name of the probe initially called the Solar Probe Plus has
been renamed as the Parker Solar Probe in honor of astrophysicist Eugene Parker. This is the
first time NASA has named a spacecraft after a living person.
US withdraws from Paris Accord
President Donald Trump has announced that the United States is set to withdraw from the
historic 2015 Paris Accord as the accord was hurting his country and economy very badly.
However, he has said that he is open for a new transaction on terms that are fair to the US.
Indias First Automatic Coastal Warning for Disasters to come up in Odisha
From July, Odisha will commission the ambitious Early Warning Dissemination System

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(EWDS) to warn the vast population residing along its 480 km-long coast in the event of the
occurrence of natural disasters like a tsunami or a cyclone. Andhra Pradesh is also reportedly
developing such system to alert the people in case of natural calamities.
AmbuSens
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur has developed a wireless technology called
AmbuSens for remote monitoring of condition of those patients who are ferried in
ambulances. It will help in wireless monitoring of various physiological conditions of patients
who are ferried in ambulances. The AmbuSens system includes both hardware and software.
Neutron Star Interior Composition Explorer
NASA is all set to launch the worlds first ever mission devoted for studying neutron stars.
NASA will launch the Neutron Star Interior Composition Explorer, or NICER, aboard a
Falcon 9 rocket. The NICER will be installed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) as
an external attached payload.
Terrier-Improved Malemute sounding rocket
NASA launched the Terrier-Improved Malemute sounding rocket into the space that released
blue-green and red artificial clouds. The launch is expected to support space studies.
Worlds rst hybrid aeroboat
The worlds first hybrid aeroboat which has been built by an Indo-Russian joint venture has
been unveiled at a start-ups event organized by Russias state-run Skolkovo Foundation. The
aeroboat is capable of travelling on land, water, snow and sand.
KELT-9b: Hottest Known Planet in Universe
Scientists have discovered the hottest known exoplanet, designated KELT-9b which is
warmer than most stars in the universe. The study has been published in the journal Nature.
WHO protocol for antibiotics
With an aim to curb antibiotic resistance, the World Health Organization (WHO) has
revised the protocol for antibiotics. This revision is the biggest such revision of the
antibiotics section in the 40-year history of the essential medicines list (EML).
May 2017: Second hottest month in 137 years
According to NASA, May 2017 was the second hottest month in a span of 137 years when
modern record-keeping of average global temperatures had commenced. The temperature of
May 2017 was 0.88 degrees Celsius warmer than the mean May temperature from 1951-1980.
Orion Spacecraft
NASAs Orion Spacecraft which has been designed to carry astronauts to deep space
destinations like Moon and Mars has successfully carried out a series of tests to test its critical
safety systems.
James Webb Space Telescope
Mission officials for NASAs James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) have announced the

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initial science targets for the James Webb Space Telescope.


Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM)
ISROs Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) completes 1000 earth days in orbit. The orbiter has
outlived its lifespan which is more than 5 times the number of days the orbiter was
designated to last in orbit.
Environmental Impact Survey
India has been ranked 75th out of 102 countries in a list that ranks the countries in terms of
the human impact on environment per person. The ranking has been done by
MoneySuperMarket, a UK-based financial services website.
Energy Conservation Building Code 2017
Minister of State for Power, Coal, New and Renewable Energy and Mines has launched the
Energy Conservation Building Code 2017 (ECBC 2017). This updated version of the Code
prescribes the energy performance standards for new commercial buildings to be constructed
across India.
Kepler Telescope
NASAs Kepler Telescope has identified 10 Earth-like planets outside the solar system that are
expected to host life due to their right size and temperature. This finding is a boost in the
hope for life elsewhere.
Cartosat-2 Satellite
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) launched earth observation satellite Cartosat-2
series weighing 712 kg and 30 nano-satellites using Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV).
Worlds First Train that runs on Virtual Tracks
China has unveiled worlds first train that runs on a virtual track making use of sensor
technology instead of metal rails. The new trains are non-polluting as they are battery
powered.
Roll-Out Solar Array (ROSA)
NASA is testing the effectiveness of a flexible solar array, the Roll-Out Solar Array, or ROSA,
on space station for the very first time. ROSA is expected to one day power satellites and
spacecraft. NASA had earlier tested the ROSA technology in vacuum chambers on the Earth
but this is the first time it is testing the technology in space.
KalamSat: Worlds Lightest Satellite
NASA has launched worlds lightest satellite weighing only 64 grams designed by 18-year-old
boy Rifath Sharook from Tamil Nadu. The tiny satellite has been named as KalamSat after the
former President APJ Abdul Kalam. The tiny satellite was launched into space on a sounding
rocket from NASAs facility in Wallops Island.
Thirty Metre Telescope (TMT)
Thirty Metre Telescope (TMT) is the worlds biggest telescope which would facilitate

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

astronomers to observe the intricacies of the universe from earth. It is a multi- million dollar
project being developed by an international consortium of Five countries including India.
The other four countries are Canada, China, Japan and the US.
Mars rover Opportunity
NASAs Mars rover Opportunity has found rocks at the edge of Endeavour Crater that might
have been a lake of liquid water. The scientists believe that the rocks were either transported
by a flood or eroded in place by the wind.
Petya Ransomware
Petya Ransomware is part of a new wave of cyber-attacks and has infected computer servers
across the world. It is similar to the Wannacry ransomware. However, it is a variation of the
WannaCry cyber-attack. It follows the WannaCrys pattern and locks up the computer data
and cripples the Enterprise services in the corporate sector.
GSAT-17 communication Satellite
ISRO has successfully launched GSAT-17 communication Satellite onboard the Ariane-5
launch vehicle from the Guiana Space Center at French Guiana on June 28. GSAT-17 will be
the ISROs third satellite that is launched within a span of three months.
SIERRA ODC building
SIERRA ODC building has been recognised as the worlds second highest ranking Green
Building. The building has scored 103 points out of 110 under LEED certification.
Events & Observances
5 June: World Environment Day
Every year World Environment Day (WED) is observed on 5 June to raise global awareness
worldwide for the protection of our environment and the planet Earth. It is the single largest
celebration of our environment each year. The celebration of the day is a global initiative of
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
June 17: World Day to Combat Desertication and Drought
The World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought is observed every year on June 17 to
promote public awareness to combat desertification. The United Nations General Assembly
(UNGA) had designated June 17 as the World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought in
1994.
June 21: International Yoga Day
June 21st is annually celebrated as International Yoga Day since the year 2015. This year, the
3rd International Day of Yoga is being observed. The purpose of the yoga day is to promote
yoga and make it as a part of peoples daily routine.
Centenary Celebrations of Sabarmati Ashram
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated the centenary celebrations of Sabarmati
Ashram in Ahmedabad. The ashram is located on the banks of the River Sabarmati. It had

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once served as one of the residences of Mahatma Gandhi for twelve long years.
Sharjah: 2017 World Book Capital
UNESCO has named Sharjah as the World Book Capital for 2019. Sharjah was chosen for its
efforts to make books accessible to its entire population. It was selected to underline the
efforts taken by it to make books accessible for reading to as many people as possible,
especially the marginalised populations.
Defence Related
Prithvi-II missile
The land version of the short range surfacetosurface ballistic missile Prithvi-II was
successfully test-fired from a defence base off Odisha coast. The test was conducted by the
Strategic Forces Command (SFC) of the Indian Army with logistics support from DRDO.
AUSINDEX
Indian warships have reached Australias port city of Freemantle to take part in a week-long
naval exercise off the Western Australian coast. Australia-India (AUSINDEX) was first
conducted off the East Coast of India in September 2015. AUSINDEX-17 will be the second
overall bilateral drill between Indian Navy and Royal Australian Navy.
Anti-tank Nag missile
The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully test fired
anti-tank Nag missile in Rajasthan. The test was conducted by Scientists of the Dr. A.P.J.
Abdul Kalam Missile Complex at Hyderabad, Defence Laboratory at Jodhpur, High Energy
Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL) at Pune and Armament Research and Development
Establishment (ARDE) at Pune.
Pact on F-16 ghter plane
Lockheed Martin and Indias Tata Advanced Systems have signed a pact to produce F-16
fighter planes in India. The two companies have announced their agreement at the Paris
Airshow. Lockheed Martins move to forge a joint venture with Tata is aimed at winning
billions of dollars worth order from the Indian military.
Reliance-Yugoimport Defence deal
Anil Ambanis Reliance Defence Ammunition which is a subsidiary of Reliance Infrastructure
has entered into a strategic partnership with Serbias state-run Yugoimport to manufacture
ammunition in India. The joint venture is expected to target business opportunities worth Rs
20,000 crore from Indian armed forces in the next 10 years.
Floating Dock (FDN-2)
Larsen & Toubro has launched the first indigenously built Floating Dock (FDN-2) to repair
Indian Navy ships at its Shipyard at Kattupalli, north of Chennai. The floating shipyard
would be handed over to the Indian Navy after conducting three to four months of trial.

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Guardian drones
The United States has cleared the sale of the state-of-the-art Guardian 22 unmanned
Guardian drones to India. The deal to sell UAV drones to India is estimated to be worth $2 to
$3 billion. Though the deal has been approved by the State Department, an official
announcement regarding the deal is yet to be announced.
Sahayak System
Indian Army is considering doing away with the colonial-era Sahayak System and considers
recruiting civilian staff in peace stations. The Indian Armys move comes in the wake of
rising cases of jawans coming out openly against the Sahayak system. Some jawans have
accused of being treated as servants by their attached officers.
C-17 transport aircraft
US has decided to sell one C-17 transport aircraft to India. US and India have built a close
defence relationship in recent years. The US along with Russia and Israel has emerged as a
top three arms supplier to India.
Finance, Business and Economy
China: Fastest emerging economy
As per the data released by the Ministry of Statistics, India registered 7.1% growth in the
financial year 2016-17, which is slower than the 8% registered in 2015-16. In the fourth
quarter of 2016-17, India registered a growth of GDP growth of 6.1% compared with Chinas
6.9% in the same period. Hence, India has lost its fastest-growing major economy tag in the
fourth quarter of 2016-17.
Airtel, Telenor Merger
Bharti Airtel has stated that it has got approvals from the Securities and Exchange Board of
India (SEBI), Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) for
the proposed scheme of merger with Telenor (India) Communications Private Ltd.
Uday Kotak Committee
Market Regulator SEBI has formed a Committee on Corporate Governance under the
chairmanship of Uday Kotak, the executive vice chairman and managing director of Kotak
Mahindra Bank. The move is aimed at improving the standards of corporate governance of
listed companies.
World Banks Global Economic Prospects
The World Banks Global Economic Prospects (GEP) has projected a growth rate of 7.2% for
India in the financial year 2017 as against 6.8% growth in 2016. Also, the bank in its report
expects Indias growth rate to remain at 7.5% in 2018 and 7.7% in 2019.
Global Retail Development Index (GRDI)
The 2017 Global Retail Development Index (GRDI) titled The Age of Focus has placed India
at the top position among 30 developing countries on ease of doing business in the retail

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sector. This is the 16th edition of the Global Retail Development Index (GRDI).
World Investment Report 2017
According to UNCTADs World Investment Report 2017, India continues to remain as a
favourite destination for FDI even though tax related concerns remain as a deterrent for the
foreign investors. According to the report, the favourite destinations for FDI are the US,
China and India.
Options Trading in Commodity Futures
SEBI has allowed options trading on futures contract of commodities. However, the capital
market regulator has allowed the commodity derivatives exchanges to initially launch options
on futures of only one commodity.
Worlds largest renery and petrochemical complex
The Public Sector Oil Marketing Companies, Indian Oil, Bharat Petroleum and Hindustan
Petroleum has have signed the joint venture agreement to jointly set up the worlds largest
refinery and petrochemical complex in Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra.
India is Top Remittance Receiving Country
According to the One Family at a Time study conducted by the UN International Fund for
Agricultural Development (IFAD), Indians working across the world had sent home USD
62.7 billion in 2016 making India the top remittance-receiving country surpassing China.
India Infrastructure Fund
China-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) has approved $150 million equity
investment loan to the India Infrastructure Fund. This loan will be the banks first equity
investment to fund private projects.
Global Innovation Index 2017
In the Global Innovation Index 2017, co-authored by Cornell University, INSEAD and
World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), India has moved up 6 places to reach 60th
place among 130 countries emerging as the top-ranked economy in Central and South Asia.
This is the 10th edition of the Global Innovation Index 2017 (GII).
EU slaps Google with 2.42 billion euros Fine
The European Unions competition watchdog has fined Google a record 2.42 billion euro for
breaching the anti-trust rules by illegally favouring its shopping service. The European
Commission regulates EU competition rules.
Government Policy and Schemes
T-Wallet
Telangana has launched a digital wallet named T-Wallet for people to make public and
private financial transactions. This is first such initiative by any state government in the
country.

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Vatsalya Maatri Amrit Kosh


Government has inaugurated the Vatsalya Maatri Amrit Kosh, a National Human Milk
Bank and Lactation Counselling Centre at the Lady Hardinge Medical College (LHMC) in
New Delhi. This centre would be the largest public sector human milk bank and lactation
counselling centre available in North India
Indias rst Rural LED Street Lighting Project to be implemented in Andhra Pradesh
Government will retrofit 10 lakh conventional street lights with LED lights in Gram
Panchayats of 7 districts in Andhra Pradesh. The project will be carried out by the Energy
Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) functioning under the Ministry of Power. This project
will be the first rural LED street lighting project under the Government of Indias Street
Lighting National Project (SLNP).
Sele with Daughter App
The President of India, Pranab Mukherjee has launched a mobile Application Selfie with
Daughter at Rashtrapati Bhavan. The App is aimed at raising awareness among people about
female foeticide and sex selection.
SATH-Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital
NITI Aayog has launched SATH-Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital with
the State Governments for furthering the agenda of cooperative federalism.
Tele-Law initiative
The Ministry of Law and Justice has launched the Tele-Law initiative in collaboration with
the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology to provide legal aid services to the
marginalized communities and citizens living in rural areas through the Common Service
Centres (CSC) at the panchayat level, spread across the country.
Mission Retro-Fitment
Minister of Railways Suresh Prabhu has launched Mission Retro-Fitment to enhance the
passenger experience by upgrading the existing fleet of coaches
Interest Subvention Scheme (ISS)
The Union cabinet has approved the Interest Subvention Scheme (ISS) for farmers for the
year 2017-18. The objective of the scheme is to make available agricultural credit for Short
Term crop loans at an affordable rate. The scheme is expected to boost agricultural
productivity and production in the country.
Celebrating Yoga mobile app
Minister for Science & Technology Dr. Harshvardhan has launched a Mobile App
Celebrating Yoga. The Mobile App has been developed by Department of Science &
Technology, Ministry of Science & Technology. The aim of app is to popularise Yoga and
encourage people to practice yoga for a scientifically healthy living.

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Anti-proteering authority
The GST Council headed by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley comprising of state finance
ministers as members have decided to set up a five-member anti-profiteering authority to
decide on levying the penalty if businesses do not pass on the benefit of price reduction to
consumers under GST regime. The GST Council has also approved the anti-profiteering
rules.
TIR (Transports Internationaux Routiers) Convention
India has become the 71st nation to join the United Nations TIR (Transports Internationaux
Routiers) Convention. Indias decision to join the convention is part of its multi-modal
transport strategy that aims at integrating Indian economy with global and regional
production networks through better connectivity.
Operation Swarn (gold)
Concerned over the complaints received from the public over the premium trains of Indian
Railways like Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express, Railways have decided to launch Operation
Swarn (gold). The operation is aimed at improving the services in these premium trains.
Indias largest municipal bond programme
Union Urban Development Minister Venkaiah Naidu has launched Indias largest municipal
bond programme. The Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) became the first municipal
corporation in the country to tap money through municipal bonds in 14 years. The AA+
rated PMCs municipal bonds raised Rs 200 crore at 7.59 per cent rate at the Bombay Stock
Exchange (BSE). This is the first-ever mobilisation of debt capital by a municipal corporation
on the BSE BOND platform.
Uttarakhand and Haryana Declared Open Defecation Free States
Under the Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin (SBM-G), rural Uttarakhand and rural Haryana
have been declared as the 4th and 5th Open Defecation Free (ODF) States of India. Already,
Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh and Kerala, have been declared ODF.
Incubation Centre for biotechnology start-ups
NITI-Aayog has chosen the CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) in
Hyderabad for hosting the Rs. 10-crore Atal Incubation Centre for biotechnology start-ups.
VAJRA (Visiting Advanced Joint Research) Faculty scheme
Department of Science and Technology has launched VAJRA (Visiting Advanced Joint
Research) Faculty scheme that enables NRIs and overseas scientific community to participate
and contribute to research and development in India.
Merit Order Despatch of Electricity for Rejuvenation of Income and Transparency (MERIT)
Union Minister of State for Power, Coal, New & Renewable Energy and Mines Piyush Goyal
has launched Weather Portal for Power Sector & Web Portal MERIT (Merit Order

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Despatch of Electricity for Rejuvenation of Income and Transparency).


City Liveability Index
The Urban Development Minister M. Venkaiah Naidu has launched its first liveability index
which will rank the countrys 116 major cities on the basis of the quality of life. The index
named City Liveability Index will cover cities with a population above one million, including
the capital cities
Skill India mission
The World Bank has cleared a USD 250-million loan to aid the Skill India mission. The loan
amount would be used for making Indian youth more employable through reskilling. The
mission will be a six- year programme in support of National Policy for Skill Development
and Entrepreneurship (2017-23).
K. Kasturirangan Panel
The HRD ministry has constituted a new nine-member panel headed by space scientist K
Kasturirangan to frame a new National Education Policy (NEP). The other members of the
panel include chosen experts and educationists from wide-ranging backgrounds.
Blood Bank for Cattle
Odisha is set to become the first state in the country to open a blood bank for cattle. The
proposal has received the nod from the National Agriculture Development Programme
(NADP). It is now awaiting the approval from the state government.
Voter Registration Reminder
The Election Commission of India has joined hands with Facebook to launch nationwide
voter registration reminder aimed at reminding eligible Indian voters to register themselves
on the electoral rolls.
Awards
Vizianagaram
The Ministry of Rural Development has selected Vizianagaram as one among the 17 districts
for MGNREGA annual award. The award was given to Vizianagaram for its effective
implementation of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act during
the time period 2015-16.
J P Nadda
Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare J P Nadda was conferred the WHO Director-
Generals Special Recognition Award for global tobacco control. The award was presented to
him by Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director, WHO South-East Asia at the
National Consultation on Accelerating Implementation of WHO Framework Convention on
Tobacco Control (FCTC) for achievement of SDGs.
Project Jal Sanchay
Project Jal Sanchay, a water conservation model which is successfully adopted in Nalanda

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

district of south-central Bihar, has been chosen for the national award for excellence in the
Mahatma Gandhi national rural employment guarantee programme (MGNREGP) by the
Ministry of Rural Development.
David Grossman
Israeli author David Grossman has won the Man Booker International Prize for his novel A
Horse Walks Into a Bar. He is the first Israeli author to win the Man Booker International
Prize.
Yeshe Dorjee Thongshi
The Bhupen Hazarika National Award, 2017 has been conferred upon the noted writer Yeshe
Dorjee Thongshi. The award has been instituted by Sarhad, a Maharashtra-based
organisation. The award honours an outstanding literary work at national and international
level. The award consists of 51,000 rupees, a memento and a certificate.
Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute
Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute, Pune has become the first recipient of the Prime
Ministers Award for outstanding contribution to promotion and development of Yoga.
Nisha Dutt
Nisha Dutt, Chief Executive Officer of Intellecap has become the first Indian woman leader to
have been honoured with the Social Entrepreneur of the Year award at The 7th Asian
Awards in London. Nisha Dutt has been honoured in recognition of her work in making
Intellecap a globally known enterprise that focuses on social capital.
Mamata Banerjee
West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has received the highest prize in United
Nations Public Service Award for the state governments Kanyashree Prakalpa (Girl Child)
scheme in The Hague, Netherlands.
Miscellaneous Terms and Facts
Astana Summit of SCO
India and Pakistans admission to the China-backed Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
(SCO) was formalised at the SCOs summit held in Astana, Kazakhstan from 8-9 June. The
summit completed the admission procedures of both countries.
Global Peace Index 2017
India ranked 137th in the Global Peace Index 2017, which ranks 163 independent states and
territories according to their level of peacefulness. In Last years index, India was ranked
141st. The index is compiled every year by the Sydney-based think tank Institute for
Economics and Peace.
One Million Dollar Fund
The Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa (BRICS) grouping has established a one million
dollar fund for boosting media cooperation in the five-nation grouping.

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Kambala
The Union Ministry of Law and Justice has cleared the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
(Karnataka Amendment) Bill 2017, and thus legalising kambala. The bill will now be sent to
the President for getting his assent.
Financial Resolution and Deposit Insurance Bill, 2017
The Union Cabinet has approved the proposal to introduce a Financial Resolution and
Deposit Insurance Bill, 2017 which will provide a comprehensive resolution framework for
financial sector entities to deal with bankruptcy situation in banks, insurance companies, and
other entities.
India re-elected to ECOSOC
India has won its re-election to the UNs principal organ on economic, social and
environmental issues for another three-year term. India was one among the 18 nations to win
election to the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).
Taj Mahal Palace gets image trademark
Mumbais Taj Mahal Palace hotel has acquired an image trademark under the Trademark Act
of 1999, making it is the first building in the country to acquire intellectual property rights
protection for its architectural design.
UN tax fund
India has contributed $ 100,000 to the UN Trust Fund for International Cooperation in Tax
Matters (the UN Tax Fund). The fund is aimed at helping the developing countries to actively
participate in the discussion of tax issues. India has also earned the distinction of becoming
the first country to make a voluntary contribution to the UN tax fund.
Date Wise Current Affairs
June 1, 2017
India Mobile Congress (IMC 2017) to be held in September
May 31, 2017
India Mobile Congress 2017 (IMC 2017) is scheduled to be held as a three day event from 27th to
29th September 2017 in New Delhi. This was announced by the Union Minister for
Communications Manoj Sinha. This is the first time India is all set to host its own mobile mega
show.
The Indian telecom market is the second-largest in the world after China. India has a total subscriber
base of over 1.18 billion subscribers.
Salient Highlights
The India Mobile Congress will be the countrys first and biggest platform that will bring together all
stakeholders of the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and government on a

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

common platform. It will see the participation of government bodies, Telecom Service Providers
(TSPs), telecom equipment manufacturers, handset manufacturers and app providers. Apart from it,
the event will serve as a platform for international players exploring avenues for investment in the
country. It will help to attract investments towards programmes like Digital India
Modelled just like the Mobile World Congress events of Shanghai and Barcelona, the event is aimed
at bringing the Indian telecom industry at par with its international counterparts. The Mobile
Congress will showcase exciting new products & innovation and share the India story.
The event will be organised by Department of Telecommunications along with Cellular Operators
Association of India (COAI) and other stakeholders.
The event is expected to see the participation of 5000 paid participants from countries like the US,
the UK, Sweden, Finland, Germany, Korea, the Philippines, Bhutan and Japan. Apart from this, the
event is expected to see the participation of telecom giants like Huawei, Ericsson, Nokia, Bharti
Airtel, Vodafone and Idea Cellular.
ISROs GSLV-Mk III Launched
May 31, 2017
ISROs GSLV-Mk III has been launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota on June
5, 2017. GSLV-Mk III is the heaviest rocket ever made by ISRO which is capable of carrying heavy
payloads.
Salient Facts
GSLV-Mk III can put four-tonne satellites in the Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) and is
capable of placing up to eight tonnes in a Low Earth Orbit (LEO). This capacity is enough to carry a
manned module and launch people into space.
The rocket has three-stages with two solid motor strap-ons (S200), a liquid propellant core stage
(L110) and a cryogenic stage (C-25). The solid booster S200 is the third largest solid booster in the
world. It was successfully tested at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC), Sriharikota on January
24, 2010. The indigenously developed cryogenic upper stage, C-25, which is the most difficult
component was successfully tested on February 18, 2017.
On June 5, GSLV-Mk IIIs first developmental flight, D1, will place GSAT-19 satellite into space.
GSAT-19 will help to improve telecommunication and broadcasting areas. This is Indias first fully
functional rocket to be tested with a cryogenic engine.Cryogenic engine makes use of liquid
propellants (liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen). ISRO took about 25 years, 11 flights and over 200
tests on different components to come up with this rocket.
The rocket weighs 640-tonne which will be equivalent to the weight of 200 fully-grown Asian
elephants. The rocket will be Indias heaviest but shortest rocket with a height of 43 metre.

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

India Loses its Fast Growing Economy Tag to China


June 1, 2017
As per the data released by the Ministry of Statistics, India registered7.1% growth in the financial
year 2016-17, which is slower than the 8% registered in 2015-16. In the fourth quarter of 2016-17,
India registered a growth of GDP growth of6.1% compared with Chinas 6.9% in the same
period. Hence, it has lost its fastest-growing major economy tag in the fourth quarter of 2016-17.
A decline is also visible in the Gross value added (GVA) growth. It was 6.6% for 2016-17 and 5.6% in
the Q4 of 2016-17, compared with 7.9% in 2015-16 and 8.7% in Q4 of that year. The GDP growth
rate has registered a slightly higher growth because of proportionate increase inindirect tax net of
subsidies.
While GDP gives a picture of whole economy, GVA gives pictures at enterprises, government and
households levels. In other words, GDP is GVA of all enterprises, government and households.
Further, Gross Value Added (GVA) broadly reflects the supply or production side of the economy.
The GDP numbers have been computed based on the new 2011-12 base year recently adopted for
data including the Index of Industrial Production (IIP) and Wholesale Price Index (WPI).
Reasons
The demonetisation drive of the government had an adverse impact on the economy. The GDP
growth got reduced in Q3 and Q4 when compared with the growth rates in the beginning of the
year.
GVA growth also registered a slow down in almost every sector in Q4 of 2016-17 when compared
with the growth registered in the corresponding period of the previous year.
Capital formation was also relatively soft with growth below 30%.
Only 4 Indians Feature in ESPN World Fame 100 list
June 1, 2017
India captain Virat Kohli, former captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni and left-handed batsmen,
Yuvraj Singh and Suresh Raina are the only Indians who featured in ESPNs ranking of the 100
most famous active athletes in the world.
In the list, Virat kohli has been placed in the 13th spot, Dhoni in the 15th spot and Yuvrai and Raina
in the 90th and 95th places respectively.
The first place in the list was occupied by Portuguese footballer Christiano Ronaldo followed
by Lebron James, soccer star Lionel Messi, tennis star Roger Federer, Phil Mickelson, Neymar, Usain
Bolt, Kevin Durant, Rafael Nadal and Tiger Woods in that order.
Other prominent personalities who figured in the list includes Ryan Lochte, and Formula One
champion, Lewis Hamilton, Serena Williams, Novak Djokovic, Andy Murray etc.

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Methodology
The ranking system is based on a formula devised by ESPN director of sports analytics Ben Alamar.
They are based on the parameters like endorsements, social media reach and other data. This is
ESPNs second annual ranking of the biggest name in sports. The first edition of the list was
published in 2016.
NASAs Parker Solar Probe to Explore Suns Atmosphere
June 1, 2017
NASAs Parker Solar Probe will be launched in the summer of 2018 to explore the suns atmosphere.
The purpose of the launch will be to study suns outer atmosphere and to understand how sun works.
The name of the probe initially called the Solar Probe Plus has been ernamed as the Parker Solar
Probe in honor of astrophysicist Eugene Parker. This is the first time NASA has named a spacecraft
after a living person.
Astrophysicist Eugene Parker published a research paper predicting the existence of solar wind in
1958. At that time, it was thought that the space between planets was a vacuum. Parkers theory of
solar wind was later on confirmed by satellite observations.

Solar wind is the ow of charged gases from the sun.

Salient Highlights
The 10-feet high Parker Solar Probe will fly within 6.4 million km of the suns surface right into the
solar atmosphere. The probe will be subjected to brutal heat and radiation that has not experienced
by any other man-made probes previously.
The objective of the mission will be to study sun in detail and shed light on Earth and its place in the
solar system. The mission will work towards determining the structure and dynamics of the plasma
and magnetic fields at the sources of the solar wind.
This will be NASAs first mission to the sun and its outermost atmosphere corona.
The mission is scheduled to end in June 2025.
Historian Ramachandra Guha resigns as BCCI Administrator
June 1, 2017
Historian Ramachandra Guha has tendered his resignation as BCCI administrator citing personal
reasons. He submitted his resignation letter to Chairman of the Committee of Administrators of the
BCCI Vinod Rai on May 28.
Ramachandra Guha was one among the four administrators appointed by the Supreme Court on
January 30 to run the affairs of BCCI. The four member committee was headed by former
Comptroller and Auditor General Vinod Rai. The other two members are managing Director of
Infrastructure Development Finance Company (IDFC) Vikram Limaye and former Indian women

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

cricket captain Diana Edulji.


Background
In its earlier order of January 2, 2017 the Supreme Court had removed Anurag Thakur as BCCI
president, Ajay Shirke as BCCI secretary and disqualified all the board and its state association office
bearers after they had failed to implement new norms set by the Justice Lodha Committee. The apex
court held that Mr. Thakur and Mr. Shirke are unfit to continue at helm of BCCI for their
obstructionist attitude and their incapacity to make affiliated State associations fall in line with Lodha
committee.
Ramachandra Guha
Ramachandra Guha is a famous historian and writer. His research interests include social, political,
environmental and cricket history. He also writes as a columnist in various newspapers including
The Telegraph and Hindustan Times. His famous works include Gandhi Before India (2013), Patriots
and Partisans (2012), Makers of Modern India (2010), India after Gandhi: The history of the worlds
largest democracy (2007) etc.
He has been awarded with Padma Bhushan in 2009, (2009), Sahitya Akademi award in 2011 for India
After Gandhi. For year 201112, he had also served as the Philippe Roman Chair of International
Affairs and History at the London School of Economics.
Telangana Launches T-Wallet
June 1, 2017
Telangana has launched a digital wallet named T-Wallet for people to make public and private
financial transactions.
Salient Highlights
The service has been launched as anytime anywhere digital payment option for everyone. This is
first such initiative by any state government in the country.
The service can also be availed by those people who do not have mobile phones. The public who do
not have smartphones can use the wallet for transactions using MeeSeva centres. They can go to Mee
Seva centres to open T-Wallet, load money and make payments.
The T-Wallet will charge a nominal cost for private transactions and charges will not be
applicable for paying electricity bills, water bills, property taxes, RTA challans etc.
To provide the service, the Telangana Government has tied up with Vijaya Bank.
RBIs clearance has been obtained by the state government to launch the e-payment facility.
The service could be availed in three languages, namely, Telugu, Urdu and English both on mobile
phones and on online web browser.

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Astana Summit: India and Pakistan to become Full members of SCO


June 1, 2017
India and Pakistans admission to the China-backed Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) will
be formalised at the SCOs summit to be held in Astana, Kazakhstan. The Astana Summit will be held
on 8-9 June. The summit will complete the admission procedures of these two countries.
The Shanghai Cooperation Organisaiton (SCO) granted full membership status to Pakistan and India
during its Ufa summit held in Russia in 2015. India signed the Memorandum on accession in June
2016.
The presence of worlds two most populous countries, China and India in the grouping would make
SCO as the organisation with the largest population coverage.
Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)
SCO is the political and security grouping headquartered in Beijing. It was founded in 2001. The full
members of the organization are China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.
The groupings main objective is military cooperation between the members. The grouping also
works towards intelligence-sharing, counter-terrorism operations in Central Asia.
Afghanistan, Belarus, India, Iran, Mongolia and Pakistan have observer status at present.
China founded this grouping, called the Shanghai Five, in 1996. It comprised Russia, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. In 2001 Uzbekistan was invited to join it and the SCO was officially
born. After the Astana Summit Declaration in 2005, SCO has emerged as a regional security
organization.
Mongolia is the first country to receive observer status at the 2004 Tashkent Summit. Pakistan, India
and Iran received observer status at the 2005 SCO summit in Astana, Kazakhstan on July 5, 2005.
SCO is primarily centred on its member nations Central Asian security-related concerns, often
describing the main threats it confronts as being terrorism, separatism and extremism.
The role of China as well as strategic importance of SCO has increased over the period of a decade
and now address problems like terrorism, separatism and militancy in the region.
SEBI Approves Airtel and Telenor Merger
June 1, 2017
Bharti Airtel has stated that it has got approvals from theSecurities and Exchange Board of India
(SEBI), Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) for the proposed
scheme of merger with Telenor (India) Communications Private Ltd. Bharti Airtel now has filed the
joint company application before the New Delhi Bench of the National Company Law Tribunal for
approval. Bharti Airtel had announced its proposed merger with Telenor South Asia Investments Pte
Ltd in February.

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Salient Highlights
The merger will transfer all of Telenor Indias assets and customers and thus augmenting Airtels
overall customer base and network.
The merger is also subject to other statutory approvals like that of the Competition Commission of
India.
The merger will further bolster Airtels strong spectrum foot-print in seven circles including Andhra
Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Gujarat, UP (East), UP (West) and Assam. These seven circles with a
huge population concentration will offer a high potential for growth. It will result in the addition of
43.4 MHz spectrum in the 1800 MHz band.
SEBI
Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) was established in 1988. It got statutory mandate and
powers under the SEBI Act, 1992. Its objective is to protect the interests of investors in securities and
to promote the development and regulation of securities market.
The Key functions of SEBI are to regulate stock exchanges and other securities markets; registering
and regulating the working of intermediaries who are associated with securities markets in any
manner; Registering and regulating the working of venture capital funds and collective investment
schemes including mutual funds; promoting and regulating self-regulatory organizations and
prohibiting fraudulent and unfair trade practices relating to securities markets.
Countrys First Automatic Coastal Warning for Disasters to come up in Odisha
June 1, 2017
From July, Odisha will commission the ambitiousEarly Warning Dissemination System
(EWDS) to warn the vast population residing along its 480 km-long coast in the event of the
occurrence of natural disasters like a tsunami or a cyclone. Andhra Pradesh is also reportedly
developing such system to alert the people in case of natural calamities.
Salient Highlights
The warning can be disseminated just by pressing a single button from a control room in the State
capital in the event of the occurrence of natural disasters. It would trigger loud sirens simultaneously
from towers at 122 locations including tourist destinations, fish landing centres and coastal
habitations situated across the state. The sound emanating from the towers can be heard in localities
up to a radius of 1.5 km. Thus, Odisha become the first state to have developed an automatic public
address system that can be activated across the state.
The towers will be installed in 22 blocks under six coastal districts such as Balasore, Bhadrak,
Jagatsinghpur, Kendrapara, Puri and Ganjam
The EWDS comprises of Satellite-Based Mobile Data Voice Terminals (SBMDVT), Digital Mobile
Radio (DMR), Mass Messaging System (MMS) and Universal Communication Interface (UCI)for

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

inter-operability among different communication technologies.


The project at an estimated cost of 82 crore will be implemented with assistance from the World
Bank.
The EWDS will help the people to move to safer places before government agencies commenced
evacuation.
June 2, 2017
India and Russia Sign 5 Pacts
June 2, 2017
India and Russia have inked 5 pacts after wide-ranging talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi
and Russian President Vladimir Putin during the visit of Prime Minister Modi to Russia.
Agreements
An agreement on cultural exchanges for a period of two years (2017-2019) has been signed between
the two nations.
An agreement for the construction of the third stage of the Kudankulam NPP (KK5 & KK6) along
with the Credit Protocol has been signed between NPCIL and ROSATOM
An agreement between the Federal Service for Intellectual Property (Rospatent) and the Council of
India on Scientific and Industrial Research has been signed to provide access to Rospatent experts to
the Indian Digital Library of Traditional Knowledge (TKDL).
Contract between JSC (Russian Railways) and the Ministry of Railways on the preparation of the
justification for the implementation of the high-speed service at the Nagpur-Secunderabad
section has been signed.
Memorandum of cooperation between ALROSA Joint Stock Company and the Council for the
Promotion of the Export of Precious Stones and Jewellery of India has been signed.
Others
India and Russia have decided to hold the first tri-Services exercises, named I ndra-2017, this year.
Both the countries have also decided to begin joint manufacturing of frigates and co-production of
Kamov-226 military helicopters.
Of all the agreements, the agreement on setting up of Units 5 and 6 of the Kudankulam Nuclear
Power Plant (KNPP) in Tamil Nadu with the Russian help was a much-awaited agreement.
The reactors will be built by Indias Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL) and Russias
Atomstroyexport company, which is a subsidiary of Rosatom. Rosatom is the regulatory body of the
Russian nuclear complex. The two units will have a capacity to produce 1,000 MW of power.
An Action Plan has also been devised for speeding up the bilateral cooperation in all fields by the
two countries.

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Paris Climate Deal: US to Withdraw


June 2, 2017
President Donald Trump has announced that the United States is set to withdraw from the historic
2015 Paris Accord as the accord was hurting his country and economy very badly. However, he has
said that he is open for a new transaction on terms that are fair to the US.
With the decision to pull out, the United States will join the short list of countries includingSyria
and Nicaragua that are not a part of the Paris Accord which has been signed by 195 countries in
2015. The Paris Agreement on Climate Change came into effect in November last year.
Reasons
Donald Trump has held that the deal was not tough enough on India and China.
According to Trump, Paris Accord was unfair to the United States. He has held that implementation
of Paris Accord would adversely impact the paper, cement, iron and steel, coal, and natural gas
sectors of the American economy. It would also inflict a loss of $3 trillion in GDP, loss of 6.5 million
industrial jobs and $7,000 less in annual income for American households.
Implications
Being the worlds second biggest emitter of greenhouse gases, the exit of United States from the
accord have raised questions about the fate of the accord. There are also fears that some more
reluctant countries may also follow the steps of US in quitting the climate deal.
As per the various estimates provided by entities like Climate Interactive and Climate Action Tracker, if
US doesnt reach its Paris Accord goal, then an additional 0.1 to 0.3 degrees Celsius will be added to
global warming by 2100.
With the exit of the US, China and EU are set to announce an alliance to take on a leadership role
determined to protect the Paris Accord.
Prithvi-II Missile Test Fired Successfully
June 2, 2017
The land version of theshort range surfacetosurface ballistic missilePrithvi-II was
successfully test-fired from a defence base off Odisha coast. The test was conducted by the Strategic
Forces Command (SFC) of the Indian Army with logistics support from DRDO. The test was part of
the user training exercise. The missile carrying a dummy payload was mounted on a Mobile Tatra
transporter-erector Launcher (MTL).
In November 2016, the twin trial of surface-to-surface nuclear capable Prithvi-II missile was
successfully conducted by the India Army from a test range at Chandipur in Odisha. During the test,
two Prithvi-II missiles in salvo mode were successfully test-fired in quick succession from a mobile
launcher of the Integrated Test Range (ITR).

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Prithvi-II
Prithvi-II is a tactical short-range ballistic missile (SRBM)developed indigenously by Defence
Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). It is the first missile to be indigenously developed
by DRDO under Indias prestigious Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP).
The missile is capable of carrying 500 kg to 1,000 kg of nuclear as well as conventional warheads. the
missile has a strike range of 350 km. The missile is powered by liquid propellant and can operate
with both liquid as well as solid fuel.
It has the ability to dodge enemy missiles by using advanced inertial guidance system with
manoeuvring trajectory to hit its target. The missile was inducted into Indian armed forces in 2003.
The missile has been inducted into the 333-missile regiment of the Indian Army. The missile can
deliver warheads deep into enemy territory and inflict heavy damage to forward airfields. It is
designed in such a way that it can be taken close to the forward line over any kind of terrain.

Mouma-Manika Pair made History by becoming First Indian Pair to reach


Quaterfinals in World TT Championships
June 2, 2017
Indias Manika Batra and Mouma Das has created history by becoming the first Indian pair to
reach the quarterfinals of the World Table Tennis Championships. The event is held
in Dusseldorf. The last edition of the event was held in Suzhou in 2015. The next world TT
championships will be held in Budapest in the year 2019.
The duo will now take on the No. 1 and 2 Chinese players, Ding Ning and Liu Shiwen in an
upcoming match.
The World Table Tennis Championships are being held since 1926. The event is being
organized biennially since 1957. Five individual events comprising mens singles, womens singles,
mens doubles, womens double and mixed doubles are currently held as a part of the championships.
Second Scorpene Class Submarine Ready for Sea Trials
June 2, 2017
Defence Minister Arun Jaitley has announced that the second Scorpene-class submarine is ready for
surface sea trials. INS Khanderi, the second Scorpene class submarine has been built at Mazagon
Dock Limited (MDL) in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It is the second of the six submarines being built at
MDL in collaboration with Frances DCNS as part of Project 75 of Indian Navy.
Salient Highlights
INS Khanderi has been named Khanderi, after the Island fort of Maratha ruler Chhatrapati Shivaji
which played had vital role in ensuring their supremacy at sea in late 17th century. Khanderi is also

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

name for Tiger Shark.


The state-of-the-art features in the submarine include superior stealth and ability to launch a
crippling attack on the enemy using precision guided weapon. The attack from it can be launched
with torpedoes, as well as tube-launched anti-ship missiles, whilst on surface or underwater. The
stealth features gives it invulnerability, unmatched by many submarines.
The submarine is designed to operate in all theatres, including the tropics. All means and
communications are provided to ensure interoperability with other components of a Naval task
force. It can undertake multifarious types of missions typically undertaken by any modern submarine
such as anti-submarine warfare, anti-surface warfare, intelligence gathering, area surveillance, mine
laying etc.
In general, the Scorpene-class submarines are expected to significantly enhance Indias naval power
and strength while making the country ocean safe and secure.
Project 75
Under Project 75 India will construct 6 next generation diesel submarines with Air Independent
Propulsion System (AIP) technology for the Indian Navy by 2022. The project is built with assistance
and technology transfer from DCNS of France under deal signed in October 2005. The first of the
series INS Kalvari is completing sea trials and will be commissioned shortly. The other four
submarines are expected to be launched at nine-month intervals after the INS Khanderi.
Fact Box: Global Peace Index 2017
June 2, 2017
India has been ranked 137th in the Global Peace Index 2017, which ranks 163 independent states and
territories according to their level of peacefulness. In Last years index, India was ranked 141st. This
is the eleventh edition of the Global Peace Index (GPI). The index is compiled every year by the
Sydney-based think tank Institute for Economics and Peace.
GPI is considered as one of the most comprehensive analysis that captures trends in peace, its
economic value, and how to develop peaceful societies.
It has used 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators to measure the state of peace using three
thematic domains: the level of Societal Safety and Security; the extent of Ongoing Domestic and
International Conflict; and the degree of Militarisation. Various parameters like the homicide rate,
the ease of access to weapons, the impact of terrorism and the number of armed services personnel in
the population were analyzed in preparing the multifaceted index of peace indicators.
Salient highlights
Top 10 Peaceful Countries
Iceland (1), New Zealand (2), Portugal (3), Austria (4), Denmark (5), Czech Republic (6), Slovenia
(7), Canada (8), Switzerland (9), Ireland (10).

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Top 10 Least Peaceful Countries


Syria (163), Afghanistan (162), Iraq (161), South Sudan (160), Yemen (159), Somalia (158), Libya
(157), Sudan and Central African Rep., both countries placed at 155th position and Ukraine (154).
The index has covered 99.7% of the worlds population. The GPI 2017 has found that the global level
of peace has improved by 0.28 per cent,with 93 countries improving, while 68 countries
deteriorated.
Six of the nine regions of the world has registered improvement. South America has registered the
largest improvement as the fourth most peaceful region. The largest regional deterioration in score
occurred in North America. The score for North America deteriorated entirely as a result of the
US. Europe remains the most peaceful region in the world. The combined Middle East and North
Africa was the least peaceful region in the world.
As per the GPI, the economic impact of violence on the global economy in 2016 was $14.3 trillion in
purchasing power parity (PPP) terms, which is roughly equivalent to 12.6% of the gross world
product.
Researchers at IIT Kharagpur Develops AmbuSens for monitoring Hospital-
bound Patients
June 2, 2017
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur has developed a wireless technology called
AmbuSens for remote monitoring of condition of those patients who are ferried in ambulances.
Salient Highlights
AmbuSens will help in wireless monitoring of various physiological conditions of patients who are
ferried in ambulances. The AmbuSens system includes both hardware and software. The ambulance
and the hospitals will have laptops or tablets with internet connection to continuously monitor the
health condition of the patients in real-time.
The patients will be fitted with wireless body sensors. The technology will monitor the
parameters like ECG, heart-rate, temperature and blood-pressure and can ensure remote monitoring
of the patients condition even before they reach the hospital.
The web interface of the system will offer easy-to-use graphical interface with data visualisation tools
such as real-time ECG graph rendering. The graphical interface can be accessed from internet-
enabled laptops, tablets and smartphones. The collected patients data will be held confidentially.
This new system assumes significance at the backdrop of limited knowledge of medical technician
who accompanies a critical patient in an ambulance. With this technology, the doctors will be able to
instruct life saving medical interventions to the technician.

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Shashi Shekar Vempati Appointed as CEO of Prasar Bharati


June 2, 2017
Shashi Shekar Vempati has been appointed as the CEO of Prasar Bharati based on the
recommendation of the three-member committee headed by Vice President. The other two members
of thecommittee was Chairman, Press Council of India and the Secretary, Information and
Broadcasting, who was also the Presidents nominee. Shashi Shekar Vempati will hold the post for a
period of five years. Since February 2016, Vempati is currently serving as a Member (part time) of
the Prasar Bharati Board.
Vempati is an alumnus of IIT Bombay. He has over two decades of experience in areas like Corporate
Management, Technology Consulting and Digital Media. He is an ex-employee of Infosys and
worked for the company as Product Strategist and Digital Innovator in North America.
Vempati has also served as Chairman of Audit Committee, Member of Finance and Accounts
Committee, Technology Committee, Sports Rights Committee and HR Committee.
He has two patents under his name: Real Time Business Event Monitoring, Tracking and Execution
Architecture and System and method for monitoring and management of inventory of products
and assets in real time. He has also authored many books namely Broadcasting Technologies in
India, National Digital Security Architecture in India, Creating a Global Media Platform out of
India among others.
June 3, 2017
SEBI Constitutes Committee on Corporate Governance
June 3, 2017
Market Regulator SEBI has formed a Committee on Corporate Governance under the chairmanship
of Uday Kotak, the executive vice chairman and managing director of Kotak Mahindra Bank. The
move is aimed at improving the standards of corporate governance of listed companies.
Salient Highlights
The panel which is headed by Uday Kotak will also include representatives of Corporate India, stock
exchanges, professional bodies, investor groups, chambers of commerce, law firms, academicians and
research professionals and SEBI.
The panel has been mandated to submit the report within a period of four months.
The mandate of the committee is to make recommendations on:
Ensuring independence in spirit of independent directors and their active participation in
functioning of the company.
The steps that are need to be taken for improving safeguards and disclosures pertaining to
related party transactions.

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To suggest measures for addressing issues faced by investors on voting and participation in
general meetings
The steps required for improving effectiveness of board evaluation practices.
Suggest on issues pertaining to disclosure and transparency.
Background
In April, SEBI unveiled the detailed corporate governance norms for listed companies. The new
norms which are in alignment with the new Companies Act would be effective from October 1. The
new norms are aimed at encouraging companies to adopt best practices on corporate governance.
SEBIs new norms provides for stricter disclosures and protection of investor rights including
equitable treatment for minority and foreign shareholders.
SEBI
SEBI is the statutory regulator for the securities market in India established in 1988. It was given
statutory powers through the SEBI Act, 1992. SEBIs headquarters is in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
SEBIs mandate is to protect the interests of investors in securities, promote the development of
securities market and to regulate the securities market.
The Key functions of SEBI are as follows: Regulating stock exchanges and other securities markets;
Registering and regulating the working of intermediaries who are associated with securities markets
in any manner; Registering and regulating the working of venture capital funds and collective
investment schemes including mutual funds; promoting and regulating self-regulatory organizations
and prohibiting fraudulent and unfair trade practices relating to securities markets.
Samsung Signs MoU with Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
(MSME) to Set Up 2 more Tech Schools
June 3, 2017
Samsung India has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Ministry of Micro,
Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) for setting up two new Samsung Technical Schools in
Bengaluru and Jamshedpur as well as to renew the partnership for 10 existing schools being run
across the country.
Salient Highlights
As a part of Samsungs commitment to governments Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao campaign, the
company has announced the MSME-Samsung Technical School Scholarship programme for girls and
differently-abled trainees. Under this Programme, 1,000 girls and differently-abled trainees will be
given a grant of up to Rs. 20,000. Also, a Meritorious Reward Programme for toppers has also been
launched. The toppers among Samsung Technical School students will also be rewarded Rs 20,000.
Samsung already runs 10 schools in the Sates of Rajasthan, Kerala, Bihar, Delhi and West
Bengal. These schools are run in collaboration with Departments of Technical Education.

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Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Seoul. Samsung was


founded in 1938 by Lee Byung-Chul. The group has diversified into areas including electronics,
heavy industries, food processing, textiles, insurance, securities, retail, construction, ship building
among others.
Indian Origin Leo Varadkar to be the Next PM of Ireland
June 3, 2017
Irelands Fine Gael party has elected a 38 year old Leo Varadkaras prime minister of Ireland. He
will succeed Enda Kenny. Varadkar will be confirmed as prime minister when Irish parliament next
sits on June 13.
Leo Varadkar has earned the distinction of becomingIrelands first gay prime minister. His
election is a striking sign of the Irelands rapid social change which was once a staunchly Catholic
country. He will also be theyoungest person ever and the first from an ethnic minority
background to become the Prime Minister of Ireland.
Mr Varadkar defaeted his rival Simon Coveney by garnering 60% of the votes to lead Fine Gael.
Ireland decriminalised homosexuality in 1993. It also became the first country to adopt gay marriage
in 2015.
Leo Varadkars father is a Mumbai-born doctor. In 1970s, he met Miriam an Irish nurse in England
whom he later married and moved to Ireland.
Ganeshan Neelakanta Iyer becomes First Indian to be in inducted in ITTF URC
June 3, 2017
Ganeshan Neelakanta Iyer has become the first Indian to be nominated as a member of the Umpires
and Referees Committee (URC) by International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF). He will serve for
a term of two years which is further extendable.
In another first Ganeshan Neelakanta Iyer has also been recommended as the chnical Te
Commissioner from Asia to the ITTF. His will serve in this capacity for a period of four years.
Ganesan already serves as the chairman of the South Asian Federation technical committee and also
as a member of the Technical Committee of the Commonwealth Table Tennis Federation. He also
recently supervised the Asian Championships at Wuxi (China) as the competition manager. He had
served as a deputy referee in the Kuala Lumpur World Championships 2016 and has officiated in
various International competitions as Competition Manager and Referee like that of the
Commonwealth Games at Glasgow.

URC is the technical arm of the ITTF. It looks after all technical issues involving the
sport. The mandate of the committee is to oversee the training, certica
appointment and performance of umpires and referees.

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NASA is all Set to Launch First Ever Mission to Study Neutron Stars
June 3, 2017
NASA is all set to launch the worlds first ever mission devoted for studying neutron stars. NASA
will launch the Neutron Star Interior Composition Explorer, or NICER, aboard a Falcon 9 rocket.
The NICER will be installed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) as an external attached
payload. About a week after its installation, the NICER will begin observing neutron stars. The
mission will focus especially on Pulsars. During the mission, NASA will also carry out theworlds
first demonstration of X-ray navigation in space.
Significance
Pulsars are those neutron stars that appear to wink on and off like a cosmic lighthouse. As these
pulsars send pulsations that are predictable. They can be used as celestial clocks for providing high-
precision timing similar to that of the atomic-clock signals supplied through the Global Positioning
System (GPS). GPS signals, however, gets weakened if one travels beyond the orbit of the Earth. On
the other hand, Pulsars remain accessible virtually everywhere in spacem aking them an
apt navigational solution for deep-space exploration. NICER will perform tests for the first time in a
space technology that relies on pulsars as navigation beacons.

Pulsars and Neutron stars are nothing but the remnants of massive stars
which exploded and collapsed into super-dense spheres after exhausting their nuclear
fuel. Pulsars were discovered in 1967 by British astrophysicist Jocelyn Bell.

It is estimated that just one teaspoonful of neutron star matter would weigh a billion tonnes on
Earth. There have been many models that attempt to describe the physics governing the interiors of
neutron stars. The NICER mission will help in finally testing these theories with precise
observations. Observation of neutron stars in the energetic X-ray band provides the greatest insights
into their structure and the phenomenons like starquakes, thermonuclear explosions as well as of the
most powerful magnetic fields known in the cosmos.

UNSC Expands Sanctions against North Korea


June 3, 2017
The UN security council has unanimously passed a resolution expanding targeted sanctions against
North Korea after the latter launched its ninth ballistic missile test of the year. This is the first such
resolution which is agreed upon by the United States and China since the US President Donald
Trump took office.
Salient Highlights
The new resolution has slapped even more sanctions on the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea

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(DPRK). It has condemned the North Koreas continued proliferation of its nuclear and ballistic
program.
The new sanctions have extended a travel ban and asset freeze on senior officials, core military
apparatus as well as the state entities that are directly responsible for North Koreas illicit nuclear and
ballistic missile programs. The list of expanded sanctions also included state officials and banks. This
is aimed at further restricting North Koreas ability to finance its illicit activities. Sanctions have been
applied on entities like Koryo Bank, Strategic Rocket Force of the Korean Peoples Army, and 14
other people, including the head of North Koreas overseas spying operations.
Background
The UN Security Council had first imposed sanctions on North Korea over its ballistic missile and
nuclear programs in the year 2006. The UNs sanctions against North Korea are in response to five
nuclear tests and two long-range missile launches. North Korea has also launched several more
ballistic missiles since then. The US has struggled a lot to slow down these programs as the North
Korea has vowed to develop a nuclear -tipped missile capable of hitting the US mainland.
The countries like France and Italy has supported the new resolution. Veto powered Russia too
have backed the measures taken by UN. It is to be mentioned that the United States has
unilaterally imposed its own sanctions on some of the Russian firms for supporting North Koreas
weapons programs.
Vizianagaram bags MGNREGA National Award
June 3, 2017
The Ministry of Rural Development has selected Vizianagaram as one among the 17 districts for
MGNREGA annual award. The award will be given to Vizianagaram for its effective implementation
of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act during the time period 2015-16.
The district programme coordinator and District Collector would be presented the award at the
Mahatma Gandhi NREGA Sammelan to be held in New Delhi.
The district has been chosen after the field verification carried out by the selection committee. The
district was known to have generated works for 3,61,668 households in 2015-16 and disbursed
483.42 crore as wages to the workers with an average wage of 106. The works carried out under
NREGA in the district include 5,000 farm ponds, 240 rain water harvesting structures, and 440 water
shed works, and de-siltation of 3,427 minor irrigation tanks.
Vizianagaram is a district in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
NASA to launch Sounding Rocket to release Radiant Artificial Clouds
June 3, 2017
NASA will launch the Terrier-Improved Malemute sounding rocket into the space that will
release blue-green and red artificial clouds. The launch is expected to support space studies. The

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launch which was originally scheduled for May 31 eventually got delayed due to poor weather
conditions. The ground stations will require clear skies to clearly view blue-green and red artificial
clouds that will be produced as part of the test. These artificial clouds will be visible from New York
to North Carolina.
Salient Highlights
The rocket will eject vapour canisters between 10 to 20 km from the rockets main payload. These
canisters will release the vapour after launch. Ground cameras will be stationed to view the vapour
tracers. The vapour tracers will be formed due to the interaction of barium, strontium and cupric-
oxide.
The multi-canister or ampule ejection system will facilitate the scientists to gather information over
a much larger area.
The total flight time of the mission will be around 8 minutes.
Significance
Sounding rockets derive their name from the nautical term to sound that is to take measurements.
The sounding rockets are short lived and follows a parabolic trajectory.
The significance of the launch lies in the fact that the vapour traces can be helpful instudying the
ionosphere. Since the 1950s, scientists are making use of the sounding rockets tostudy high-level
winds and the Earths magnetic field. Since these fields are invisible to the human eye, tracer
elements like barium makes their movement visible. It will help in the study of the motion of the
charged particles in the ionosphere as well as the motion of the neutral particles in the upper
atmosphere.
June 4, 5, 2017
June 5: World Environment Day
June 5, 2017
Every year World Environment Day (WED) is observed on 5 June to raise global awareness
worldwide for the protection of our environment and the planet Earth. It is the single largest
celebration of our environment each year. The celebration of World Environment Day is a global
initiative of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
2017 Theme: Connecting People to Nature. According to the UN, the theme implores us to get
outdoors and into nature, to appreciate its beauty and its importance, and to take forward the call to
protect the Earth that we share.
2017 Host Country: Canada. Canada is seeking to use World Environment Day to showcase to the
world the beauty of its natural environment on land and water. Since 1987, World Environment Day
has been hosted by different countries. The official celebration are held in that host country. Recent

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hosts include Angola, Italy, Barbados, Brazil, Norway and the United States.
World Environment Day (WED) was established by the United Nations General Assembly to mark
the opening of United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in 1972 . The first World
Environment Day was observed in 1973 and since then it is being held every year with different
themes.
UNEP
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) was founded as a result of the United Nations
Conference on the Human Environment in June 1972 and has its headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya.
UNEP also has six regional offices and various country offices.
UNEP, established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system.
UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable
development of the global environment. To accomplish this, UNEP works with a wide range of
partners, including United Nations entities, international organizations, national governments, non-
governmental organizations, the private sector and civil society.
Soon Women to get Combat Role in Indian Army
June 5, 2017
The Indian Army is expected to soon open up combat positions for women. This has been stated by
Army Chief Gen. Bipin Rawat. The Indian Army has taken up this issue with the government.
Salient Highlights
Initially, women are to be recruited for positions in military police. At present, women are
employed in select areas such as medical, legal, educational, signals and engineering wingsof the
Army but are not offered combat roles due to operational concerns and logistical issues.
As of now, only a few countries such asGermany, Australia, Canada, the U.S., Britain, Denmark,
Finland, France, Norway, Sweden and Israel have allowed women in combat roles.
The role of military police are as follows:
Policing the cantonments and Army establishments,
To prevent breach of rules and regulations by soldiers,
Maintain the movement of soldiers and logistics during peace and war,
Handling prisoners of war and
Aid the civil police whenever required.
World Bank: India to grow at 7.2% in 2017
June 5, 2017
The World Banks Global Economic Prospects (GEP) has projected a growth rate of 7.2% for India in
the financial year 2017 as against 6.8% growth in 2016. Also, the bank in its report expects Indias
growth rate to remain at 7.5% in 2018 and 7.7% in 2019.

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Salient Highlights
The World Bank has kept the global growth forecast in 2017 and 2018 at 2.7% and 2.9% respectively.
The bank has cited stronger demand from major advanced economies, increased trade flows to and
from China, and a diminished drag from weak demand from commodity exporters to be the reason
for recovery in trade growth in 2017.
The bank has noted that India is recovering from the temporary adverse effects of demonetisation.
Despite the slowdown in the growth rate, the world bank has stated that India still remains the
fastest growing major economy in the world. According to the bank, the growth projections for
China remained unchanged at 6.5% for 2017 and then 6.3% for the next two years 2018 and 2019.
The report has stated that the domestic demand is expected to remain robust in India supported by
ongoing policy reforms, especially the introduction of the Goods and Services tax (GST).
World Bank
World Bank is one of five institutions created at the Breton Woods Conference in 1944. World
Bank is part of the United Nations system, but its governance structure is different. World Banks
headquarter is situated at Washington DC.
World Bank provides loans to developing countries for capital programmes. World Bank comprises
only two institutions viz. the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and
the International Development Association (IDA). In contrast, World Bank Group comprises three
more viz. International Finance Corporation (IFC), Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
(MIGA), and International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID).
Sai Praneeth wins Thailand Grand Prix Gold Title
June 5, 2017
Ace Indian Shuttler B Sai Praneeth has clinched Thailand Grand Prix Gold title by
defeating Indonesias Jonatan Christie 17-21, 21-18, 21-19 in Bangkok.
Six weeks earlier, he had defeated the world No 29 Kidambi Srikanth and clinched Singapore Open
Superseries badminton title. Last year, Sai Praneeth had clinched the Canada Open Grand Prix. He
had also reached the finals of Syed Modi Grand Prix Gold in Lucknow before winning his Singapore
title.
Thailand Open Grand Prix Gold was held at Nimibutr Stadium In Bangkok in Thailand between 30
May 4 June 2017 and had a total purse of $120,000.
India Secures Top Position in Global Retail Development Index
June 5, 2017
The 2017 Global Retail Development Index (GRDI) titled The Age of Focus has placed India at the top
position among 30 developing countries on ease of doing businessin the retail sector. This is
the 16th edition of the Global Retail Development Index (GRDI).

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Salient Highlights
The index has placed China at the second place. However, it has been stated that the Chinas
market size and the continued evolution of retail still make it one of the most attractive markets for
retail investment.
Indias rapidly expanding economy, relaxation of FDI rules and the consumption boom are said to be
the key drivers for Indias top ranking in the GRDI. Indias retail sector is witnessing a growth at an
annual rate of 20%. In addition, the retail sector is expected to double its size by 2020. Further, the
retail sector has also derived benefits from the rapidly growing e-commerce. It is estimated that the
sector would grow 30 percent annually and reach USD 48 billion by 2020. Rapid urbanisation and
growing middle class is expected to boost the consumption across the country.
The government has relaxed FDI regulations in key areas of the retail sector. Last year, the
government took a decision to permit 100% ownership in B2B e-commerce businesses and for
retailers that sell food products.
In addition, the governments effort to boost cashless payments and reform indirect taxation with a
nationwide goods and services tax (GST) are also expected to boost adoption of formal retail.
GRDI
The GRDI is annually published by London-based business consultancy A T Kearney. The study is
unique as it identifies the markets that are most attractive in present and also helps to identify those
that offer future potential. The index ranks the30 developing countries for retail investment
worldwide and analyses 25 macroeconomic and retail-specific variables.
Six Arab Nations Cut Diplomatic Ties with Qatar
June 5, 2017
Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Egypt, Yemen, Libya and UAE have suspended their diplomatic ties with
Qatar. All the six countries have announced that they would withdraw their diplomatic staff from
Qatar and eject Qatars diplomats from their territories. They have also planned to cut air and sea
traffic.
Reasons
Saudi Arabia has accused Qatar for embracing various terrorist and sectarian groups that are aimed at
destabilizing the region such as the Muslim Brotherhood, alQaida, the Islamic State group and
other groups supported by Iran.
Egypt has accused Qatar for supporting terrorist groups and taking an antagonist approach towards
Egypt.
Bahrain has accused Qatar of media incitement, support for armed terrorist activities and funding
linked to Iranian groups for its decision.
The decision has been taken after Qatar alleged that hackers took over staterun news agencys

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website and published fake comments from its ruling emir about Iran and Israel. It had angered the
Gulf Arab countries who responded by blocking Qataribased media including AlJazeera.
Qatar has long been accused by its Arab neighbours over its support of Islamists. Qatars support for
the Sunni Islamist political group Muslim Brotherhood which has been outlawed by both Saudi
Arabia and the UAE made Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain in 2014 to recall their
ambassadors from Qatar. Only after eight months, the ties were normalised after Qatar forced some
Brotherhood members to leave the country.
On May 27, Qatars emir, Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani had called Iranian President Hasan Rouhani to
congratulate him on his re-election. This has also angered the Sunni Saudi Arabia which also sees
Iran as its No. 1 enemy and a threat to regional stability.
Qatar also remains as a key financial patron of the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip. It has allowed the
stay of exiled Hamas official Khaled Mashaal in its territories since 2012.
Implications
Oil prices have seen a jump after the six countries announced suspension of diplomatic ties with
Qatar as it affected some of the worlds biggest oil and gas exporters. Qatar, a gas rich nation is also
the biggest supplier of liquefied natural gas (LNG) and a major seller of condensate (a low-density
liquid fuel) and refining product derived from natural gas.
Qatar will be host to 2022 FIFA World Cup.
Saudi Arabia has announced that it would seal its land border with Qatar cutting off the country
from the rest of the Arabian Peninsula.

Qatar is home to a major US military base, a sprawling al-Udeid Air Base, which is home to the US
militarys Central Command hosting 10,000 troops. How this decision would affect American
military operations is yet to be seen.

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Nepal Signs Agreement for Mega Hydroprojects with Chinese Firm


June 5, 2017
Nepal has struck a major deal with China Gezhouba Group Corporation (CGGC) for developing a
1,200 MW Budhigandaki Hydroelectric Project, which will be the biggest hydro project in Nepal
having the potential to resolve its perennial power crisis. The MoU was signed in the presence of
outgoing Prime Minister of Nepal Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda and Chinese Ambassador to
Nepal Yu Hong.
Salient Highlights
As per the agreement, the hydro project would be built undee rngineering, procurement,
construction and finance (EPCF) model. Under this model, CGGC will help arrange funds required
to develop the project. funds would be made available in the form of soft loan or commercial loan
from Chinese financial institutions. The EPFC model which makes the contracting firm responsible
for making all the arrangements including mobilisation of financial resources is considered to be one
of the most effective models for development of infrastructure projects.
CGGC has been given the overall responsibility for executing the project. it will also conduct
additional studies on and investigations into the project. A time period of one year has been
allotted to conduct assessment of the hydropower project and arrange necessary funds for its
development.
CGGC, at present is constructing a 30 MW Chameliya Hydropower Project in the far-west and 60
MW Upper Trishuli 3A Hydropower Project in Nepal.

Indias first Rural LED Street Lighting Project to be implemented in Andhra


Pradesh
June 5, 2017
Government will retrofit 10 lakh conventional street lights with LED lights in Gram Panchayats of 7
districts in Andhra Pradesh. The project will be carried out by the Energy Efficiency Services Limited
(EESL) functioning under the Ministry of Power. This project will be the first rural LED street
lighting project under the Government of Indias Street Lighting National Project (SLNP).
In the first phase of the project, the districts of Guntur, Prakasham, Nellore, Kurnool, Kadapa,
Ananthapur and Chittoor will be covered.
The total upfront capital cost of the project would be funded by French Development Agency Agence
Franaise de Dveloppement (AFD).
Significance
The project will help the gram panchayats to cumulatively save approximately 147 million units of
electricity in a year. it will lead to a reduction of approximately 12 crore tonnes of CO2. The EESL

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will be made responsible for carrying out annual maintenance and warranty replacement exercises in
these gram panchayats for a period of 10 years.
Background
Andhra Pradesh became the first state to get assistance from EESL to replace conventional street
lighting with LED lighting after cyclone Hudhud caused extensive damage in Visakhapatnam. since
then, EESL has installed an approximate 5,90,000 LED street lights in the State. These lights has
helped the state to reduce over 65,000 tonnes of CO2 every year.
Across the country, more than 23 lakh conventional street lights have been replaced by LED street
lights in 21 States. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched 100 cities National
Programme on January 5, 2015 to replace conventional domestic lights with energy efficient LED
lights. Similarly, Under the Street Light National Programme (SLNP), the government has set a
target of replacing 1.34 crore conventional street lights with LED lights across the country.
LED bulbs have a very long life, almost 50 times more than ordinary bulbs, and 8 to 10 times that of
CFLs, and therefore provide both energy and cost savings in the medium term. The benefits of LED
lights are: (i) Electricity savings (ii) Reduction of load (iii) Reduction of consumer bills (iv)
Greenhouse gas emission reductions.

June 6, 2017
Habibganj Railway Station to become Indias First Private Railway Station
June 6, 2017
Habibganj railway station in the suburbs of Bhopal will become countrys first railway station to be
redeveloped in a public-private partnership (PPP) mode. On June 9, station redevelopment work in
the railway station will be launched by Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu. The idea is to
develop Habibganj railway station as a as a world-class transit hub equipped with all amenities.
Salient Highlights
The operation and maintenance of the railway station has been given to Bhopal-based Bansal Group
for a period of eight years. The group has managed to win the bid in 2016. Bansal Group plans to
completely overhaul the station and develop four commercial land parcels to make Habibganj a
commercial hub with shops, offices and hotels, all in a span of three years.
The environment-friendly railway station will be powered by solar energy. The station will have
facilities for disabled, in addition, to lifts, escalators and travelators, underpasses. In case of
emergency, the station will be redesigned in such a way that the the premises can be evacuated in
four minutes and passengers can reach designated points of safety in six minutes.

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Bansal Group will be responsible for all the facilities at the station like food stalls, retiring rooms,
power, platform maintenance, parking etc. However, the company will not be responsible for core
operations such as train and parcel movement, signalling and ticketing.
IRSDC will oversee the Habibganj project. IRSDC is formed by railway unit Ircon International Ltd
(IRCON) and Rail Land Development Authority (RLDA) to undertake station redevelopment
projects.
Background
The idea to set up world-class railway stations was mooted by former railways minister Mamata
Banerjee in 2009-10. It was only in 2015, the project was revived by the railway minister Suresh
prabhu. The Habibganj project is a part of the Indian Railways ambitious plan to re-develop 400 A1
and A category railway stations.
Indian Railways ambition to redevelop 400 stations into world-class facilities is completely based
upon its idea of land monetization. It aims to modernize and upgrade passenger amenities at stations
by raising money through commercial development of railway land. Avenues such as land
monetization, catering and parking will be utilized to boost overall revenue.

IMD to release Malaria and Chikungunya Alerts


June 6, 2017
The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has announced that it is working on a forecasting
system that will give a 15-day warnings on the likelihood of a malaria or chikungunya
outbreak across different regions of the country.
Salient Highlights
The services are aimed at providing custom, weather-related information to cope with challenges of
a global warming and its associated impact of weather.Instances of extreme rainfall could
mean instances of humid conditions and water logging that could precipitate vector-borne disease
outbreaks.
IMD will release five-day and 15-day forecasts of heat-waves, cold waves and disease outbreaks.
IMD will offer this service by teaming up with theMedical Council of India and the Red Cross
Society. IMD will customize the dynamical model for generating this service. TheIMDs National
Climate Centre in Pune will be reorganised to offer such climate services. At present, the pune
Centre is tasked with forecasting the monsoon and documenting monsoon-related statistics.
IMD is the principal agency responsible for meteorological observations, weather forecasting and
seismology in India. It functions under the Union Ministry of Earth Sciences of the Government of

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India. It headquartered in New Delhi and operates hundreds of observation stations across India.
National Board of Wildlife Clears Rutland Island for DRDOs Missile Testing
Project
June 6, 2017
The National Board of Wildlife has approved Rutland Island in South Andaman to be the site for
the countrys long-range missile test facility. DRDO has been seeking the approval for the test facility
since 2012. Taking into account the strategic importance of the project for countrys defence, the
Standing Committee of the National Board of Wildlife has approved the project.
Reasons for Delay
The project was continuously stalled by the environment ministry as the project involves diversion
of 49.978 acres forest land, of which 0.84 ha falls in the Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park and
49.138 ha reserve forest within 10km of the Eco Sensitive Zone. Rutland island is alsovery rich in
marine life.
Significance
The island is located at an ideal distance from the mainland where tests are typically launched from.
The test facility is vital for DRDOs plans to have a comprehensive testing facility in order to identify
and track long-range missile tests. DRDO also requires a land-based test area to accurately track its
long range missiles. The Rutland Island is ideally located due to its distance from mainland.

Conditions
The state Chief Wildlife Warden has imposed certain conditions that are need to be fulfilled while
implementing this project.
The conditions include preparation of a specific marine and terrestrial wildlife conservation

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plan; installation of essential deflectors and anti-radiation screens around satellite antennas to reduce
the harmful impact of radiation on biodiversity; Vessels used for construction must take only the
approved route; Project authority must take necessary approvals from the Chief Wild Life Warden
while entering into waters of Marine National Park; no forest material/fire wood is to be collected
from forest area; and no effluent or domestic sewage should be discharged into sea/forest area.
Vijaya Bank Plans to develop 100 Digital Villages
June 6, 2017
Vijaya Bank has stated that it plans to develop as many as 100 digital villages in various States across
the country as part of its initiative to promote digital banking among the rural population.
At present, Vijaya Bank is the only public sector financial institution to develop digital villages with
focus on rural population. Already, the bank has developed 5 villages into Digital Villages.
In the Digital Villages, the bank would offerInternet, free Wi-Fi connectivity, mobile payment
facilities, ATM cards, online banking and will carry out a door-to-door campaign to educate the
villagers.
Vijaya Bank
Vijaya Bank is a public sector bank with its corporate office in Bangalore. As on March 31 2017, the
business worth of the bank is estimated to be 2,29,833 crore. As on August 2016, the bank has 1900
branches across the country. The bank boasts of about 13 lakh mobile banking users and 8 lakh
Internet banking users.
Indias biodiversity riches increases by 499 species
June 6, 2017
According to the Animal Discoveries 2016, New Species and Records, brought out by the Zoological
Survey of India and Plant Discoveries 2016, by the Botanical Survey of India, 499 new species have been
discovered from various parts of the country last year.
Salient Highlights
Animals
Of the new discoveries, 258 are invertebrates and 55 are vertebrates. Around 97 are insects, 27 are
fish, 12 are amphibians, 10 are Platyhelminthes, nine are Crustacea, six species of reptiles, 61 species
of moths and butterflies and 38 of beetles.
The new species are known to occur in thefour biological hotspots of the country, namely, the
Himalayas, the northeast, the Western Ghats and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
As per the Animal Discoveries 2016, the number of animal species in the country for the first time has
crossed one lakh to number 1,00,693. Till last year, the number of animal species in India was
97,514. India is one of the 17 megadiversity countries and is home to 6.42% of the global fauna.
Plants

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As per Plant Discoveries 2016 , 186 new species of plants have been discovered including seven new
genera, four subspecies and nine new varietiestaking the total number of species to 206. The
publication lists 113 new records from India.
The new species of the plant were discovered in the Western Ghats (17%), followed by the Eastern
Himalayas (15%), the Western Himalayas (13%), the Eastern Ghats (12%) and the west coast (8%).
Eight new species of wild balsams, five species of wild ginger and one species of wild amla has been
discovered. In addition, 39 varieties of mushrooms have been discovered.
BSI
The Botanical Survey of India (BSI) is the apex research organization under the MOEF for carrying
out taxonomic and floristic studies on wild plant resources of the country. BSI was established on
13th February, 1890 with the basic objective to explore the plant resources of the country and to
identify the plants species with economic virtues.
ZSI
The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) was launched in 1916. It is Indias apex organization on animal
taxonomy. Its objective is to promote the survey, exploration, research and documentation on
various aspects of animal taxonomy in the Indian subcontinent. It also seeks advancement of
knowledge on animal taxonomy. It has been declared as the designated repository for the National
Zoological Collection as per section 39 of the National Biodiversity Act, 2002
Sher Bahadur Deuba elected as 40th Prime Minister of Nepal
June 6, 2017
Sher Bahadur Deuba,70, has been elected as Nepals Prime Minister for the fourth time. He was the
only candidate who contested in the election as the main opposition party UML decided to end the
obstruction of parliament and did not register its candidates for the election. Deuba managed to
secure 388 votes in the 593 strong Parliament in order to prove his majority.
Deuba has served as Nepals prime minister for three terms from 1995 to 1997, from 2001 to 2002,
and from 2004 to 2005. In 2005, during his third term he was sacked by the then King Gyanendra
Shah in 2005 over his failure to hold elections and bring Maoist rebels to negotiations.
The responsibility of conducting the local elections in the remaining four provinces will rest upon
him.
Background
Sher Bahadur Deuba has become the 40th Prime Minister of Nepal. Last month, Maoist leader
Prachanda Kamal Dahal resigned under a power sharing deal with the Nepali Congress leader.
The CPN-UML decided to end the obstruction of parliament after the ruling parties agreed to hold
local elections in the remaining provinces on June 28 as well as the provincial and parliamentary
elections by January, 2018.

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Sachin to become part of the UN Campaign Highlighting Role of Fathers in


Childs Development
June 6, 2017
Sachin Tendulkar will join other global celebrities like Dravid, Beckham, Novak Djokovic, Academy
Award winning American actor Mahershala Ali, British Formula One racing driver Lewis Hamilton
and Australian actor Hugh Jackman for UNICEFs Super Dads campaign that highlights the critical
role played by fathers in childrens early development.
The initiative is aimed at celebrating fatherhood and highlights the importance of love, play,
protection and good nutrition for the healthy development of the brains of the young children.
Initiative
The Super Dads initiative is a part of UNICEFs #EarlyMomentsMatter campaign that aims to
increase understanding of how a childs environments and experiences in early childhood can shape
their future health, well being, ability to learn etc.
UNICEF was established in 1946 by the United Nations to protect the children struggling to survive
in the aftermath of World War II. UNICEF works to promote the rights and well-being of children
and works in around 190 countries and territories to translate that commitment into practical action.
Kerala Government implements Green Protocol for making Weddings more
Nature Friendly
June 6, 2017
Kerala State government has come out with a green protocol to make the weddings in the state more
nature-friendly.
Salient Highlights
As per the protocol, plastic and other non-biodegradable articles including disposable glasses and
plates and thermocol decorations will not be permitted to be used in wedding ceremonies. Instead of
these non-biodegradable articles, the marriage parties would be persuaded to use tumblers, plates and
other utensils made of glass and environment-friendly metals. The protocol has been released as a
part of the governments anti-plastic drive and Green-Kerala Mission.
Suchitwa Mission which is the state nodal agency for sanitation, has already launched the initiative
on a pilot basis in Kannur, Ernakulam, Kollam and Alappuzha. The protocol is expected to be
implemented in the rest of the districts soon. The Mission is colloborating with district
administration, panchayat authorities and socio-cultural and religious outfit for implementing the
green protocol initiative.
For carrying out inspections at marriage halls, convention centres and hotels and other venues of the
wedding ceremony, Special squads, comprising officials of Suchitwa Mission and Revenue
Department will be formed. In cases of violations of the protocol, action would be taken depending

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on the nature of utensils and articles used in the ceremony.


June 7, 2017
Finance Ministry asks Ministries to decide on FDI proposals within 60 Days
June 7, 2017
The finance Ministry has asked all those ministries tasked with clearing foreign direct investment
proposals in the 12 sectors that require governments nod to take a decision on such proposals within
60 days. Last month, the Cabinet abolished the Foreign Investment and Promotion Board
(FIPB), which was the authority for clearing foreign direct investment (FDI) proposals for a period
of 25 years.
A timeline of 4 weeks has been fixed for the transfer of all pending applications with the FIPB to the
respective administrative ministries.
Salient Highlights
Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) would come up withstandard operating
procedures to process FDI proposals in consultation with the administrative ministries. This will be
helpful in ensuring consistency of treatment and uniformity of approach.
A panel led by the secretaries of the department of economic affairs (DEA) and the department of
industrial policy and promotion (DIPP)will be conducting a quarterly review on the pending
proposals.
Ordinary FDI applications pertaining to non-resident Indian (NRI)/export-oriented unit (EOU),
food processing, single-brand retail trading and multi-brand retail trading proposals need to
be decided in 60 days.
FDI proposals by NRIs/EoUs requiring approval of the government will be dealt by the DIPP. DIPP
will be the administrative ministry for this purpose. In addition, the DIPP will handle the
applications related to imports of capital goods or machinery.
Applications involving investments from countries of concern which require security clearance
under to the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) will be cleared by the Home Ministry. In
addition, applications pertaining to private security agencies would be decided by the home ministry.
The Department of Economic Affairs (DEA) will be the authority to clear the proposals of financial
services not under a regulator, or where there is more than one regulator or there is a doubt about
the regulator.
If the FDI proposals lacks clarity on the administrative department, then the DIPP will help
in identifying the ministry.
FDI proposal with respect to banks will be approved by the Department of Financial Services.
Foreign investment proposals above Rs 5,000 crore will be cleared by theCabinet Committee on

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Economic Affairs (CCEA).


FDI Approving Authorities after FIPB Abolition
Mining: Ministry of Mines
Defence: Department of production, Ministry of Defence
Small arms: Ministry of Home Affairs.
Broadcasting & Print Media: Ministry of Information and broadcasting
Print Media: Ministry of Information and broadcasting
Civil Aviation: Ministry of Civil aviation
Satellites: Department of Space
Telecom: Department of Telecommunications (DoT), Ministry of Communications.
Trading (Single brand and food products retail trading): Department of Industrial Policy and
Promotion (DIPP), Ministry of Commerce and Industry
Financial Services not regulated by a regulator or where there is more than one regulator
or in respect of which there is a doubt about the regulator: Department of Economic Affairs,
Ministry of Finance.
Banking (Private & Public): Department of Financial services, Ministry of Finance.
Pharmaceuticals: Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilisers
UP Board to have NCERT Books from Next Academic Year
June 7, 2017
The Uttar Pradesh state government has planned to replace textbooks meant for Uttar Pradesh
Secondary Education Board with the ones published by the National Council of Educational Research
and Training (NCERT) with an aim to bring the curriculum of UP Board at par with the CBSE. The
decision to introduce NCERT books is expected to come into force with the academic year 2018-19.
Salient Highlights
NCERT books would be made compulsory from Class IX to Class XII.
Other than subjects like Krishi (agriculture) for both High School and Intermediate levels and
Vyavsayik (business studies) for Intermediate levels all other subjects will have NCERT text books.
These two subjects will continue to have UP Board textbooks as there are differences between the
UP Board and the CBSE when it comes to syllabuses for these subjects.
Class X and Class XII students who write their exams in the year 2019 will become the first batch of
students to face the exams under the new system.
In Uttar Pradesh, millions of students appear for Class X and Cass XII exams conducted by the UP
Board every year. Last year the figure was 32.6 lakh for high school exams and 29.2 lakh for
intermediate exams. In the state, over 35 lakh students study in and around 23,900 government,

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aided and unaided schools affiliated with the UP Board.


The UP Board has also made several new additions in its syllabus like inclusion of new topics like
GST and its implications.
India signs Agreement to provide $318 million Line of Credit to Sri Lanka
June 7, 2017
India has signed an agreement with Sri Lanka to provide USD 318 million as line of credit for
developing Sri Lankas railway sector. The agreement was signed between Sri Lankas Ministry of
Finance and Mass media, and Managing Director of Indias Export Import Bank in Colombo.
Background
In 2015, during the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Sri Lanka he had declared a line of
credit of USD 318 million for the development of Sri Lankas railway sector. That visit of Prime
Minister Modi was the first standalone bilateral visit by an Indian prime minister since 1987.
The line of credit comes at the backdrop of increasing Chinese presence in the Indian Ocean nation.
China has made significant investments in Sri Lanka mainly indeveloping ports. Though China
claims the investments are part of its Belt and Road Initiative that aims to link it with Europe and
Africa via the Indian Ocean, the ports have the potential to be used as a base for its naval operations.
At present, Indian development assistance to Sri Lanka primarily focuses onimprovement of
infrastructure, livelihood development, education, healthcare, and capacity building. India continues
to be a major developmental partner for Sri Lanka for nearly 40 years.
So far India has provided four lines of credit to Sri Lanka for developing its railway sector that totally
amounted to USD 966 million. Sri Lanka has made used of these credit facilities to improve the
southern and northern railway lines as well as for procuring the rolling stocks for the Sri Lanka
Railways.
In addition, over the years Indian foreign direct investment in Sri Lanka has also increased rapidly.

Hoshiar Singh Appointed as Chief of Copyrights office


June 7, 2017
Hoshiar Singh, a 1994 batch officer of the Indian Telecom Service has been appointed as Registrar
of Copyrights for a period of five years as per the recent order issued by the Department of
Personnel and Training (DoPT).
The Office of Copyrights works under the aegis of Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion.
The office falls under the immediate control of a Registrar of Copyrights. The Office of Copyrights is
mandated to protect the music and film industry besides addressing its concerns, among others.

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The Copyrights Office was established underSection 9 of the Copyright Act.The Registrar of
Copyrights will be appointed by the Central Government, who would be required to function under
the superintendence and directions of the Central Government.
Worlds First Hybrid Aeroboat Unveiled
June 7, 2017
The worlds first hybrid aeroboat which has been built by an Indo-Russian joint venture has been
unveiled at a start-ups event organized by Russias state-run Skolkovo Foundation.
Salient Highlights
The aeroboat is capable of travelling on land, water, snow and sand. It has been designed to access
difficult terrain, such as flooded or marshy areas in which the regular boats cannot ply because of
shallow water, patches of dry land or by marine vegetation. The aeroboats can handle steep slopes
and embankments with out the requirement of marine infrastructure such as jetties. The aeroboat
will have a room for 10 passengers and one crew member.
The aeroboat has been designed by IIAAT Holding. IIAAT Holding is a joint venture between the
International Institute for Advanced Aerospace Technologies and Indian firm Millennium
Aerodynamics.
Aeroboats are much faster and robust when compared to hovercrafts. Aeroboats are capable of
moving at the speed of around 150 kmph or more on water. Hovercrafts, on the other hand, can
move at around 45-50 kmph or more.
Aeroboats unlike hoverboats are cheaper to maintain and fuel. The aeroboats hybrid engine is
capable of running on either petrol or electricity thus helping in reducing the carbon emissions and
improve energy efficiency.
While hovercrafts work on static air cushion, aeroboats functions ondynamic air-cushion. The
Dynamic air-cushion feature provides a lot of advantage to aeroboats in terms of speed and
manoeuvrability. The amphibious aeroboats can provide high-speed year-round navigation even in
frozen surfaces.
In India, these aeroboats will be helpful fordisaster management authorities. It would be helpful
especially to save hundreds of lives during the monsoon season.

RBI Keeps the Repo Rate Unchanged


June 7, 2017
The Reserve Bank of India haskept repo rate unchanged at 6.25% in its second bi-monthly
monetary policy review.
Reverse Repo rate has been kept unchanged at 6%.
The RBI has cut the Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) by 50 basis points to 20%.

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

RBI has projected the headline inflation in the range of 2.0-3.5% in the first half of 2017-18 and
3.5-4.5% in the second half. According to the central bank, the implementation of GST is not
expected to have material impact on overall inflation. It has observed that the 7th Pay Commission
allowances, geo political, financial risk pose upside risk to inflation.
RBI has reduced the growth projection for the current fiscal to 7.3% from 7.4%.
The monetary policy decision has been taken by the six-member monetary policy committee (MPC).
The RBI has also revised its target for gross value added (GVA) by 10 basis points to 7.3%.
Background
SLR is the portion of bank deposits that have to be invested in government bonds. Components of
SLR include cash in hand, gold owned by the bank, balance with RBI, Net balance in current account
& Investment in Government securities. SLR has to be maintained at the close of business on every
day.
Repo rate, or repurchase rate, is the rate at which RBI lends to banks for short periods. This is done
by RBI buying government bonds from banks with an agreement to sell them back at a fixed
rate. The objective of Repo is to inject liquidity in the system. If RBI wants to make it more
expensive for banks to borrow money, it increases the repo rate. Similarly, if it wants to make it
cheaper for banks to borrow money, it reduces the repo rate.
Reverse repo rate is the rate of interest at which the RBI borrows funds from other banks in the
short term. This is done by RBI selling government bonds / securities to banks with the
commitment to buy them back at a future date.
GVA is another measure for economic growth.
National Human Milk Bank and Lactation Counselling Centre Inaugurated
June 7, 2017
Health Secretary C K Mishra hasinaugurated the Vatsalya Maatri Amrit Kosh, a National
Human Milk Bank and Lactation Counselling Centre at the Lady Hardinge Medical College
(LHMC) in New Delhi. This centre would be the largest public sector human milk bank and lactation
counselling centre available in North India
Salient Highlights
Vatsalya Maatri Amrit Kosh has been established in collaboration with the Norwegian
government, Oslo University and Norway India Partnership Initiative (NIPI).
Vatsalya Maatri Amrit Kosh will collect, pasteurize, test and safely store milk donated by lactating
mothers and make it available for infants in need. With the establishment of this donor human milk
bank, all newborns in and around Delhi will have access to life saving human milk irrespective of the
circumstances of their birth.

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The centre will protect, promote and support breastfeedingby providing lactation support to
mothers with the help of dedicated lactation counsellors. In this regard, the Ministry of Health and
Family Welfare has also launchedMothers Absolute Affection (MAA) programmeto create
awareness regarding breastfeeding among mothers for enhancing the childs immunity.
The facility will act as a dedicated centre to support breastfeeding and improve infant survival. The
centre will act as teaching, training and demonstration site for other milk banks that will be
established under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

BMI Research: India One of Top 5 Consumer Markets in Asia


June 7, 2017
According to BMI Research, a Fitch group company, India is among the top five consumer markets
in Asia offering retailers the strongest consumer spending growth of an average of 6.1% over the next
five years. The other four countries are China, Sri Lanka, Vietnam and Indonesia.
BMI Research was founded in 1984 Business Monitor International and later in 2014 was acquired
by Fitch Group. The firm performs industry and financial market analysis in 24 industries and 200
global markets.
Salient Highlights
As per the report, the real consumer spending growth in 2017 will be 6.2%.
The factors responsible for increase in consumer spending in India include increase in access to
consumer credit, lower inflation and favourable regulatory environment for foreign owned retailers.
These factors will continue to boost Indias consumer sectors in the coming years.
Indias thriving e-commerce segment is expected to grow at double-digit rates in the forecast period
up to 2021. The report has observed that due to the limitations of activities for overseas retailers, e-
commerce has been dominated by local firms like Flipkart and Snapdeal. In India, Bricks-and-mortar
retailers have also began to foray into the e-commerce segment supported by the high mobile
penetration in the country.

June 8, 2017
UNCTAD: India among Top FDI Destinations
June 8, 2017
According to UNCTADs World Investment Report 2017, India continues to remain as a favourite
destination for FDI even though tax related concerns remain as a deterrent for the foreign investors.

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Salient Highlights of the Report


According to the report, the favourite destinations for FDI are the US, China and India.
As per the report FDI inflows into a developing Asia has reduced by 15% to USD 443 billion in 2016.
This decline is the first since 2012. Other than South Asia, the decline has affected the three sub
regions of Asia. However, the report has observed that an improved economic outlook in major
economies like ASEAN, China and India is expected to boost investors confidence thereby
increasing the regions prospects for 2017. In Asian region, major recipients like China, India and
Indonesia have renewed their policies to attract FDI. This is expected to increase the FDI inflows in
2017.
In South Asia, FDI inflows increased by 6% to USD 54 billion and outflows declined by 29% to USD
6 billion.
FDI inflows into India remained stagnant at USD 44 billion. Indias outward foreign flows declined
by about one third. Cross-border merger and acquisition deals have become important tools in the
hands of the foreign multinational enterprises to foray into the rapidly-growing Indian market. The
report has also noted that signing of tax treaty with Mauritius would have contributed to decline in
instances of round tripping of FDI.
for the first time, China has emerged as the worlds second largest investor of FDI.
BRICS grouping (Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, China and South Asia), which accounts for
22% of the global GDP has received only 11% of the global FDI inflows.

The World Investment Report has been published by the United Nations Conference on
Trade and Development (UNCTAD) annually since 1991. The report focuses on trends
in foreign direct investment (FDI) worldwide, at the regional and country levels. United
Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964.

Indian American among 12 new Astronauts Selected by NASA


June 8, 2017
NASA has selected 12 new astronauts including an Indian-American, Lt Col Raja Grinder Chari,
from 18000 applications, Lt Col Raja Grinder Chari, 39, is a commander of the 461st Flight Test
Squadron as well as the director of the F-35 Integrated Test Force at Edwards Air Force Base in
California. He belongs to Iowa. His father is from India. He has obtained his Masters degree in
aeronautics and astronautics from MIT and has graduated from the US Naval Test Pilot School.
In total, NASA has selected seven men and five women who will comprise the 22nd class of
American spaceflight trainees since 1959. This is the largest group of astronauts NASA has selected
in almost two decades. The 12 candidates include six military officers, three scientists, two medical
doctors, a lead engineer at SpaceX and a NASA research pilot.

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To get selected as astronauts, the candidates must meet some physical requirements as well as certain
education and experience criteria. They should hold a bachelors degree in a STEM field or have up
to 1,000 hours of experience in piloting jets.
After the completion of two years of training, the selected astronauts will be assigned various roles
like performing research on the International Space Station (ISS) and flying on deep space missions.
Fact Box: Hottest Known Planet in Universe
June 8, 2017
Scientists have discovered the hottest known exoplanet, designated KELT-9b which is warmer than
most stars in the universe. The study has been published in the journal Nature.

Exoplanet is a planet that does not orbit the Sun and instead orbits a different star,
stellar remnant, or brown dwarf. They are also called as extrasolar planet.

Salient Highlights
The planet orbits a massive star KELT-9 every day and a half.
The planets day-side temperature is 4,326 degree Celsius and is only 926 degree Celsius cooler
than the Sun.
The planet is located 650 light years from Earth and sports a giant, glowing gas tail like a
comet.
The ultraviolet radiation experienced by the planet from its star KELT-9 is so fierce that the
planet may be evaporating producing a glowing gas tail.
The Jupiter-like planet is 2.8 times more massive than Jupiter. However, it is only half as
dense as that of the Jupiter.
Due to extreme radiation from its host star the atmosphere of the planet has puffed up like a
balloon. It has been classified as a planet by considering its mass but its atmosphere is not
similar to any other known planet.
Due to the bombardment of stellar radiation, the planet is very hot so much so that the
molecules such as water, carbon dioxide and methane can not form there.
Background
The first planet outside our solar system was found out in 1995. With the help of NASAs Kepler
telescope, the discovery of planets has become easier. So far, astronomers have identified 52
potentially habitable planets and around 3,600 planets outside our solar system. With the launch of
James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) by NASA in 2018, chances of studying planets and detecting a
familiar atmosphere will increase manifold. JWST will succeed the Hubble space telescope.

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Union Health Minister Conferred WHO Director-Generals Special Recognition


Award for Global Tobacco Control
June 8, 2017
Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare J P Nadda has been conferred the WHO Director-
Generals Special Recognition Award for global tobacco control. The award was presented to him by
Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director, WHO South-East Asia at the National
Consultation on Accelerating Implementation of WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco
Control (FCTC) for achievement of SDGs.
Indian Scenario
India is the second largest tobacco consuming country in the world with 27 crore users.
The government has initiated various measures to reduce tobacco consumption in the country.
These include large pack warnings with 85% pictorial health warnings on both the sides, launching
of toll-free national tobacco Quitline and mCessation services, carrying out second round of Global
Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS), increase in investment under the 12th Five Year Plan for expansion
of National Tobacco Control Programme, which was recognized by WHO as a best practice in its
Global Tobacco Control report, 2015. Apart from the above measures health ministry has also put a
ban on smokeless tobacco products and works towards strengthening Tobacco Free film and
television policy.
As a result of various measures taken by the government, NGOs and civil society organizations, the
tobacco use in the country is estimated to have reduced by 81 lakhs and youth consumption of
tobacco has also seen marked decrease. A 54% relative reduction in prevalence of tobacco use among
minors (15-17 years) and 28% reduction in the age group of 18-24 years has been reported.
WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)
The FCTC is the first international public health treaty negotiated under the auspices of WHO. It
was adopted by the World Health Assembly on 21 May 2003 and subsequently entered into force on
27 February 2005. It provides a new legal dimension for international cooperation in healthcare in
combating the tobacco epidemic. It has successfully helped to co-ordinate and energize the global
struggle against tobacco. It is considered as one of the most widely embraced treaties in the history of
WHO and UN. It is an evidence-based treaty that reaffirms the right of all people to the highest
standard of health and was developed in response to globalization of tobacco epidemic. Under it, the
Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products was adopted to address the increasing illegal
trade in tobacco products in November 2012.
One Million Dollar Fund Established for BRICS Media
June 8, 2017
The Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa (BRICS) grouping has established a one million dollar

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fund for boosting media cooperation in the five-nation grouping. During the inaugural session of the
BRICS Media Forum held in Beijing, Xinhua News Agency and executive president of the Forum
had announced that the Xinhua news agency will invest one million U.S. dollars for bolstering
BRICS media.
Salient Highlights
The BRICS media forum is a joint initiative of Xinhua News Agency, Brazils CMA Group, Russias
Sputnik News Agency and Radio, The Hindu group of publications from India, and South Africas
Independent Media.
BRICS Media is aimed at promoting six objectives including balanced reporting. It aims to create an
alternative media narrative distinct from the media of western nations. The proposal is also aimed
at joint development of BRICS digital media, financial information services and promoting people-
to-people contacts.
BRICS
BRICS is the acronym for an association of five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia,
India, China and South Africa. It was established in 2009. The BRIC [Brazil, Russia, India and China]
idea was first conceived by Jim ONeill of Goldman Sachs. In 2011, South Africa joined this informal
group and BRIC became BRICS.
So far, eight BRICS summits have taken place. The first formal summit was held in Yekaterinburg,
Russia. The BRICS members are all developing or newly industrialised countries and all five are
G-20 members. They are distinguished by their large, fast-growing economies and significant
influence on regional and global affairs.
WHO revises Protocol for Antibiotics
June 8, 2017
With an aim to curb antibiotic resistance, the World Health Organization (WHO) has revised the
protocol for antibiotics. This revision is the biggest such revision of the antibiotics section in the 40-
year history of the essential medicines list (EML).
Salient Highlights
WHO has divided the drugs into three categories access, watch and reserve. It has also specified
which category of drugs are to be used for treating common ailments and which are to be used to
treat complicated diseases.
As per the classification, commonly used antibiotics will be placed under the access category. WHO
has recommended that the antibiotics in this category be made available at all times as a treatment for
a wide range of common infections. The drugs that fall under this category includes drugs such
as amoxicillin which is widely-used for treating infections such as pneumonia.
Second line of antibiotics which are slightly potent will be placed under watch category. WHO

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recommends that the drugs coming under this category be prescribed less to avoid further
development of resistance. Example of drug that falls under this category is Ciprofloxacin, which
is used to treat cystitis and upper respiratory tract infections like bacterial sinusitis and bacterial
bronchitis.
The highly potent drugs which should be used only as a last resort will be placed under the reserve
category. WHO recommends that these drugs be used only when all other alternatives failed such
as life-threatening infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria.
WHO
The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that acts as a
coordinating authority on international public health. Established on 7 April 1948, it succeeded the
Health Organization, which was an agency of the League of Nations. It is a member of the United
Nations Development Group and its headquarters is located at Geneva. WHO flag features the Rod
of Asclepius as a symbol for healing.
Explained: UK Elections
June 8, 2017
The following are the characteristic features of the elections conducted in the UK:
Britain is a parliamentary democracy. The government should have the support of a majority of
lawmakers in the elected lower chamber of parliament, the House of Commons. Thus, the national
election is the election for the House of Commons.
Voters will elect a member of Parliament for their local constituency. Voting isnot compulsory in
UK. Voter turnout at national elections has seen a decline since the 1950s, when it used to be over
80%.
Britain follows the first-past-the-post electoral system. There is no system of proportional
representation for candidates.

Under First Past the Post (FPTP) system, a candidate who gets one vote more than
other candidate (who comes second) is declared as winner. In proportional
representation, number of seats won by a party or group of candidates is proportionate
to the number of votes received

To form a majority government, a party theoretically must win in 326 out of the 650 regional
constituencies. But in practice, a party needs to win only in 323 seats as the Irish republican Sinn
Fein party does not take up any seats it wins in Northern Ireland.
The upper house is called as the House of Lords whose members are un-elected.
The monarch (Queen Elizabeth) enjoys the power to dismiss a Prime Minister or to make a personal
choice of successor. However, the practice in UK is that the monarch does not exercise this right as

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its is considered as archaic. This is the practice since 1834. In addition, as a convention, the queen
(monarch) does not get involved in party politics.

Law Ministry clears Kambala Bill


June 8, 2017
The Union Ministry of Law and Justice has cleared thePrevention of Cruelty to Animals
(Karnataka Amendment) Bill 2017, and thus legalising kambala. The bill will now be sent to the
President for getting his assent.
Background
In November 2016, the Karnataka high court had banned the kambala along with bull-cart race in
the state while hearing a case filed by the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) citing
animal cruelty. The high court had stayed these traditional sports in view of the Supreme Courts ban
on jallikattu, a traditional bull taming sport of Tamil Nadu.
Following protests by people and kambala organisers, Karnataka Assembly had passed Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals (Karnataka Amendment) Bill, 2017 on February 13, 2017 to allow kambala, the
traditional buffalo race and bullock-cart racing.
In April 2017, the Union Home Ministry asked the state government to modify or omit the phrase
subject to such other conditions as may be prescribed in the sub-section 2 of section 3 of the Bill as this
phrase would make it possible for the state governmentto include more sports involving animals
through government notifications in the future. The state government made the modifications and
sent it back to the union government.
Kambala
Kambala is the traditional slush track buffalo racethat is held annually in coastal districts of
Karnataka to entertain rural people of the area. Slushy/marshy paddy field track is used for Kambala.
The sports season generally starts in November and lasts till March. The contest generally takes place
between two pairs of buffaloes, each pair race in two seprate wet rice fields tracks, controlled by a
whip-lashing farmer. In the traditional form of Kambala, buffalo racing is non-competitive and
buffalo pairs run one by one in paddy fields. Besides, there is also ritualistic approach as some
agriculturists race their buffaloes as a means to thank the god for protecting their animals from
disease. But in recent times, Kambala has become an organised rural sport.
June 9, 2017
Bopanna-Dabrowski Wins French Open Mixed Doubles
June 9, 2017

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Rohan Bopanna has won his maiden Grand Slam title along with his Canadian partner Gabriela
Dabrowski by winning the French Open mixed doubles trophy. This is Bopannas maiden Grand
Slam title at French Open. With this title win he has become only thefourth Indian to clinch a
major, The other three being Leander Paes, Mahesh Bhupathi and Sania Mirza who all have won
Grand Slam trophies for India.
Bopanna-Dabrowski pair defeated the pair of Germanys Anna-Lena Groenefeld and Colombias
Robert Farah by 2-6, 6-2, 12-10. This was only the second time that Bopanna managed to reach the
summit clash of a Grand Slam in his career. In 2010, he had reached the finals of US Open with his
Pakistani partner Aisam-ul-haq-Qureshi and lost to the Bryan brothers Bob and Mike.
French Open
The French Open also known as Roland Garros is a premier clay court tennis championship event
held between late May and early June for a duration of two weeks at the Stade Roland-Garros in Paris.
The event is the second of out of four annual Grand Slam tournaments. The other three events are
Australian Open, Wimbledon and the US Open. The event has been named after the French aviator
Roland Garros.

Petrol and Diesel Prices to be revised Daily from June 16


June 9, 2017
State-run oil marketing companies such as Indian Oil Corporation (IOC), Hindustan Petroleum
Corporation (HPCL) and Bharat Petroleum Corporation (BPCL) will revise the prices of petrol and
diesel daily from June 16 throughout the country. The move is aimed at countering the practice of
undercutting by private retailers as well as to bring India at par with the US oil market.Private
retailers such as RIL and Essar are also expected to switch to the new pricing mechanism.
At present, State-run oil marketing companies revise rates of petrol and diesel on the 1st and 16th of
every month by taking into account the average international crude price in the preceding fortnight
and the currency exchange rate.
Significance
Daily revision of prices will insulate the retailers from volatility of global crude prices.
Daily revision of prices will result insmall hikes rather than a steep rise which often attracts
customer ire.
It has the potential to initiate a price war and bring competition in a market which is 95% dominated
by the public sector retailers. it will give the state run retailers an opportunity to match private
companies who have been undercutting them in a free market.
It will free the state run retailers from government interventions while fixing prices to suit political

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considerations. Although, technically public retailers have a free hand in fixing the prices of petrol
and diesel, in practice political considerations often guide the public retailers.

Background
Government has decided to implement the model throughout the country following the success of
the a month-long pilot run in Udaipur, Jamshedpur, Puducherry, Chandigarh and Vishakhapatnam
from May 1. In fact, the government has been planning for making daily revisions since 2012, but
then the state run companies were not willing to implement citing lack of connectivity and
infrastructure. Petrol pricing was freed from government control in 2010 and the diesel pricing was
deregulated in 2014.

Indian Girl Sahithi Pingali to get Planet Named after Her


June 9, 2017
Sahithi Pingali, a twelfth grader from Bengaluru will get a minor planet in Milky Way named after
her as a reward for developing an integrated mobile phone app and lake monitoring kit to monitor
pollution in water bodies.
Sahithi Pingali had presented her paper titled An Innovative Crowdsourcing Approach to Monitoring
Freshwater Bodies at the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF). For her paper, she
got second position and was presented three special awards in the Earth and Environment Sciences
category. In addition, she has also won a gold medal at the International Sustainable World
Engineering Energy Environment Project (ISWEEEP) for her research work on Varthur lake.
Intel International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF) is considered as theargest l pre-college
scientific research event in the world. ISEF has partnered with the Ceres Connection program of the
Massachusetts Institute of Technologys Lincoln Laboratory which will identify a minor planet. The
planets are named after the budding scientists in order to motivate them by giving a name in space.
India and UNOSSC launch Partnership Fund to Promote Sustainable Development
June 9, 2017
India and the UN Office for South-South Cooperation have launched a partnership fund to
promote sustainable development projects across the developing world. The India-UN
Development Partnership Fund was launched on occasion of the World Oceans Day at a special
ceremony held at the Permanent Mission of India to the UN.
Salient Highlights
The India-UN Development Partnership Fund will be utilized to carry out country-level projects that
would be catalytic towards achieving the 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs)of the 2030
Agenda.

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The Partnership fund would be managed by UNOSSC. This will be the first time that India has
entered into a partnership with the UN in a triangular cooperation with fellow developing countries.
The establishment of the fund is aimed at reducing poverty and hunger, improving health, education
and equality, and expanding access to clean water, energy and livelihoods. The fund would focus
on transformational sustainable development projects across the developing world especially on Least
Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS).
As a first project, Climate Early Warning System in Pacific Island Countries will be supported from
the new partnership. The project has been formulated by India and the United Nations Development
Programme in consultation with the Governments of seven Pacific island countries(Cook Islands,
Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, the Solomon Islands and Tonga). This project aims at
enhancing resilience to natural disasters in these Pacific island countries.
UNOSSC
The United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC) was established with an
objective to promote, coordinate and support South-South and triangular cooperation across the
world and within the United Nations system. UNOSSC has its genesis in 1974 when the United
Nations General Assembly endorsed the establishment of a special unit to promote technical
cooperation among developing countries within the United Nations Development Programme
(UNDP). In 2012, the special unit was given the name United Nations Office for South-South
Cooperation (UNOSSC) by the General Assembly through a resolution. UNOSSC receives policy
directives and guidance from the General Assembly.

South-South cooperation is a broad framework of collaboration among developing


countries of the South in the spheres of political, economic, social, cultural,
environmental and technical domains.

President launches Selfie with Daughter Mobile App


June 9, 2017
The President of India, Pranab Mukherjee has launched amobile Application Selfie with
Daughter at Rashtrapati Bhavan. The App is aimed at raising awareness among people about female
foeticide and sex selection. The President has urged the people to take selfies with their daughters to
make the campaign a huge success. The app is expected to create awareness and help in dealing with
the problems arising out of gender imbalance. The President has termed the App as an innovative
concept and as an act of gentle persuasion.
Background
The Selfie with Daughter campaign was started in village Bibipur, Jind, Haryana by a former
Sarpanch Sunil Jaglan in June 2015. The aim of the Selfie with Daughtercampaign is to motivate

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society to feel proud to be parents of a girl child which in turn is expected to have a positive impact
in improving the child sex ratio.
The campaign has attracted many celebrities including Sachin Tendulkar who has joined the
campaign on social media. The campaign was termed as an international movement by Prime
Minister Narendra Modi at the time of his meeting with Silicon Valley CEOs in the US.
UK Elects its First Female Sikh and First Turban Wearing Sikh as MPs
June 9, 2017
In a first Preet Kaur Gill has become the first Sikh to be elected to the British Parliaments House of
Commons. Similarly, Tanmanjeet Singh Dhesi has become the first turban-wearing Sikh to be
elected to the House of Commons.
In a first, the House of Commons will have a record 12 Indian-origin MPs, which will be two more
than the present record of 10 (five each from Labour and Conservative).
The victories of Preet kaur Gill and Tanmanjeet Singh Dhesi is considered as a significant milestone
for Sikh politicians in United Kingdom in this election. Dhesi and Gill are from the opposition
Labour party. While Dhesi has won from the Slough constituency and Gill has won
from Birmingham Edgbaston.
Other Indian-Origin Winners
Alok Sharma, who is minister for Asia has retained his Reading West seat. Goa-origin Suella
Fernandes (Conservative) and Virendra Sharma have retained their her seats comfortably. Lisa
Nandy (Labour) and Seema Malhotra (Labour) have retained their Wigan seat Feltham and Heston
seats respectively.
Supreme Court: Linking of Aadhaar with PAN Mandatory
June 9, 2017
The Supreme Court has upheld the governments decision and ruled that it would be mandatory for
all Aadhaar holders to link it with the permanent account number (PAN) for filing of income tax
returns.
However, in a partial setback to the government, the apex court refused to make it compulsory for
those people who do not possess an Aadhaar card or have not yet applied for one. The Court stayed
the retrospective invalidation of PAN for non-compliance till a Constitutional Bench decides on the
privacy question pending before it. As a result, a person who do not possess Aadhaar card will not
face criminal consequences for not linking Aadhaar card with PAN card.
The Supreme Court also upheld the legislative competence of Parliament in enacting the law to this
effect. However, it has stated that it has not touched upon the issue of Right to Privacy and other
aspects which will be decided by the Constitution bench.

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Background
Government had made linking of Aadhaar card with PAN card mandatory for filing of Income Tax
returns as it would help to weed out fake and fraudulent financial accounts.
According to the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016,the
Aadhaar number is mandatory only for receiving social welfare benefits. But as per the provisions of
the Finance Act 2017, the Aadhaar number/Aadhaar enrolment number is mandatory to file income
tax returns and to apply for a new PAN. The government will declare the existing PAN to be void if
the taxpayer fails to link it with Aadhaar by July 31, 2017.
In 2015, a three-judge bench had referred the issue of Right to Privacy and other aspects to a larger
constitution bench, which is yet to be constituted.
Government awards Contracts for completion of Kaladan project in Myanmar
June 9, 2017
Government has awarded a Rs 1,600-crore contract for constructing 109-km road
connecting Paletwa river terminal to Zorinpui in Mizoram border as a part of the$484-million
Kaladan multi-modal transport (KMTT) projectsin Myanmar which will offer connectivity to
Mizoram.
Salient Highlights
Kaladan multi-modal transport projects was thefirst major project undertaken by the Indian
government in Myanmar.
India has finished constructing Sittwe port in the trouble-prone Rakhine state of Myanmar. Also, the
extension of the Aizawl-Saiha National Highway by 90 km to the international border at Zorinpui at
the Indian side is nearing completion. In addition, four-laning of the 300 km Aizawl-Tuipang
highway to ensure faster movement of goods between Sittwe and Aizawl is also nearing completion.
KMTT
KMTT is essentially a multi-modal transport project having three different stretches involving
shipping, Inland Water and road transport stretches. The longest among them is Shipping segment
from Kolkata to Sittwe port in Myanmar.
Government of India is funding this project and it is considered as an important investment of India
in its neighbourhood.
The cargo will start from Kolkata port and reach Sittwe port in Myanmar by ship. The Sittwe Port
would be linked to Lashio (also in Maynmar) via the Kaladan river transport route. Lashio would be
connected to Mizoram via road transport (National Highway 54).

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Background
The idea for Kaladan multi-modal transport projects was mooted in 2003. However, India and
Myanmar signed the framework agreement for Kaladan project only in 2008. Construction began in
2010 but inadequate fund allocation and planning failure delayed the completion of the project.
In 2015, the present government revised the budget estimates by nearly six times and has involved
the State-owned Ircon Infrastructure and Services Ltd as consultant with an objective to complete
the project in 2019.
As per the terms of the framework agreement, India should also set up an SEZ at Sittwe. The setting
up of SEZ at Sittwe is important to promoteIndian investment in the region which has
overwhelming Chinese influence.
Significance
The completion of KMTT project will play a major role in economic development of the North-East
India and it will improve the bilateral relations between India and Myanmar.
When completed, the KMTT will shorten the current time taken to transport goods from Kolkata to
Mizoram by three-four days, and the distance by around 950 km. KMMT is hailed as Future gateway
to South East Asia.

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June 10, 2017


NITI Aayog launches SATH Program
June 10, 2017
NITI Aayog has launched SATH-Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital with
the State Governments for furthering the agenda of cooperative federalism.
Salient Highlights
NITI Aayog under the SATH initiative plans to identify and build three future role model states for
health systems.
After identification of three states, NITI Aayog will work in close collaboration with the state
machinery of these three states. It will help in designing a robust roadmap, develop a program
governance structure, establish monitoring and tracking mechanisms, and provide support to the
state institutions to achieve the end objectives.
SATH program will be implemented by NITI Aayog along with McKinsey & Company and IPE
Global consortium.
Selection of States
For selecting three model states, NITI Aayog spelled out three-stage process, namely, expression of
interest, presentations by the states and assessment of commitment to health sector reforms.
Subsequently, 16 states expressed interest in the initiative out of which 14 states presented their
project proposals-Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chandigarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand,
Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Punjab, Telangana and Uttar Pradesh.
From these four states, NITI Aayog has shortlisted 5 states. After subsequent screening and
evaluations, three states will be selected. Parameters such as MMR, IMR, incidence of malaria will be
considered for determining potential impact, and metrics such as density of doctors and nurses,
compliance to IPHS norms will be used to determine likelihood of success.
The program will be launched after signing of MoUs with these three selected states.
NITI Aayog
NITI Aayog is essentially an advisory body that seeks to provide critical directional and strategic
inputs across spectrum of key elements of policy to the centre as well as states. The Government of
India has established Niti Ayog as a Think Tank which has no power to impose policies. By
establishing Niti Ayog the government wants to be an enabler and leaves the impetus to provide a
platform for cooperative and competitive federalism to the newly established body.
SEBI Clears Vikram Limaye for the post of NSE Chief
June 10, 2017
SEBI has granted conditional approval for the appointment of Vikram Limaye as the MD and CEO
of the NSE.

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In February 2017, Limaye who is MD and CEO of infrastructure financing company IDFC was
selected for the post of NSE chief. However, SEBI had not cleared his appointment as he was also
present in the Supreme Court appointed four-member panel managing the affairs of the Board of
Control for Cricket in India (BCCI).
Now, the SEBI has cleared the appointment of Limaye subject to the condition that he relieves
himself from his BCCI assignment, among other things. Limayes term with the BCCI ends in August
this year.
The NSE has already assured SEBI that Limaye will not seek an extension on his BCCI assignment.
Limaye is expected to take charge of NSE at a time the exchange is facing challenges in multiple
fronts. NSE has been functioning headless for the past six months. In addition, the vice chairman and
founding member of the NSE Ravi Narain resigned from the board as the SEBI investigation in the
algorithmic trading platform issue picked up. SEBI has also issued show cause notices to 14 directors
of the exchange for their failure to maintain market sanctity.
NSE plans for an initial public offering in the second half of this year.
Background
Vikram Limaye was selected as the Managing Director of the National Stock Exchange
(NSE) after Chitra Ramakrishna had quit the exchange in December 2016 citing personal reasons.
Vikram Limaye is chartered accountant with an MBA from The Wharton School. Earlier, Mr
Limaye was also named a member of a four-member panel by the Supreme Court to run the Board of
Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), the apex cricket management body in the country.
IOC Approves New Events for Tokyo Olympics
June 10, 2017
The International Olympic Committee has approved a number of new events for the 2020 Tokyo
Games at the IOCs Executive Board meeting held at Lausanne, Switzerland. The new events were
added to reflect the IOCs focus on gender equality and appeal to young people.
Salient Highlights
The Tokyo Olympics would include 321 events which is an increase from 306 events held at Rio
2016.
The new additions inlcude a mixed4x400m relay along with 14 other eventssuch as 3-on-3
basketball, the mixed relay, mixed swimming, mixed team archery, BMX freestyle etc. In
addition, Mixed triathlon will also be included in the Tokyo games for the first time.
Further, a mixed team event for judo will be included. Each team of judo will have 3 men and 3
women, all representing different weight classes. At the judo world championships, team events on
mixed-gender basis have not taken place. Mixed Doubles Table Tennis competition will also be
included. The mixed event was recently featured in the world championships held in Germany.

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The 10 minute 3-on-3 basketball event which will be played on a half-sized court is known for its
speed. The game was adopted by the International Basketball Federation as an official discipline with
common rules in 2007.
Totally, the number of mixed events at Tokyo Olympics will double to 18 up from 9 held in
Rio Olympics.
The IOCs focus in selecting the new events was for their appeal to young and urban audiences as
well as for redressing long-standing imbalances between male and female athletes.
IOC also reduced the number of athletes who will be competing in Tokyo olympics by 285 compared
to Rio in order to prevent the games from being increasingly bloated and costly.
IOC
The IOC is the supreme authority of the Olympic Movement headquartered Lausanne, at
Switzerland. It is a not-for-profit independent international organisation comprised of volunteers. It
was founded on 23rd June, 1894. The IOC Session and Executive Board are responsible for making
important decisions for the organisation.
Indias Forex Reserves reach Life Time High of $381.167 billion
June 10, 2017
According to RBI, Indias foreign exchange (Forex) reserves have increased by $2.404 billion to touch
a lifetime high of $381.167 billion in the week that ended on June 2. The increase was due to increase
in foreign currency assets (FCAs).
Components
The components of Indias Foreign Exchange Reserves include:Foreign currency assets (FCAs),
Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and RBIs Reserve position with International Monetary Fund
(IMF).
Out of all the components, FCAs constitute the largest component of the Forex Reserves.
FCA rose by $2.748 billion to $357.290 billion in the reporting week. FCAs consist of US dollar and
other major non-US global currencies. It also comprises of investments in US Treasury bonds, bonds
of other selected governments, deposits with foreign central and commercial banks. FCAs include
with them the effects of appreciation or depreciation of non-US currencies like the euro, pound, and
the yen and is expressed in terms of dollars.
The gold reserves declined by $343.2 million to $20.095 billion in the reporting week.
SDRs value decreased marginally by $0.2 million to $1.472 billion.
RBIs reserve position with the IMF declined by $0.4 million to $2.309 billion.
India moves WTO against US
June 10, 2017
India has moved the World Trade Organisation (WTO) against the US as it has not yet complied

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with the rulings of the WTO pertaining to imposition of high import duty on certain Indian steel
products.
In December 2014, the WTOs appellate body pronounced a ruling against the act of US which is
imposing high import duty on certain Indian steel products. It had ruled that the imposition of
import duty on steel products wasinconsistent with various provisions of the Agreement on
Subsidies and Countervailing Measures.
The Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (the SCM Agreement) addresses two
separate but closely related matters-The multilateral disciplines on the use of subsidies and the
conditions under which Members may apply countervailing measures.
India has sought consultation with the US for compliance of the WTOs rulings. If the US refuses to
comply then India has planned to approach the WTOs compliance panel.
In order to comply with the WTO rulings on countervailing duties on imports of hot-rolled carbon
steel products from India, the US needs to amend its domestic norms.
Earlier, the US had moved the arbitration panel of the WTO against India as it complained that India
had failed to remove trade restrictions on American poultry.
WTO
The WTO is an inter-governmental organization for governments to negotiate global trade
agreements and progressively liberalizing trade. The WTO operates a system of trade rules that
apply to all its members. The WTO is also a place for Member governments to settle their trade
disputes. Its located in Geneva, Switzerland. It was established on 1 January 1995 and its official
languages are English, French and Spanish.

Countervailing duties are those duties that are imposed by a country to counter the
negative impact of import subsidies to protect domestic producers.

EU, France give 3.5 Million Euros as Grant to Curb Emissions in India
June 10, 2017
EU and France will give a grant of 3.5 million euros to three Indian cities-Nagpur, Kochi and
Ahmedabad as part of the EUs commitment under the Paris Climate agreement to curb emissions
and promote sustainability in these cities.
Salient Highlights
The grants have been provided to help Indias smart city programme under the M oblise Your City
(MYC) initiative.
India has become the first country to get benefits from the MYC initiative.
The MYC initiative is supported by the French and German government and also has financial
support of the European Union (EU). The initiative is aimed at helping 100 cities across the world to

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reduce Green House Gas (GHG) emissions by promoting sustainable urban transport and
sustainability in urban spaces.
MYC initiative was emphasised by the Indian and European leaders during Prime Minister Modis
recent visit to Europe.
Further it has been stated that more funds would be offered to India to carry forward its sustainable
transport initiatives on the three smart cities.
Background
French Development Agency (AFD) has been associated with several projects in India and
conservation of biodiversity. AFD, at present, is funding the Vijayawada, Lucknow, Bengaluru,
Kochi and Nagpur metro rail projects.
AFD is a public financial institution of France whose mandate is to implement the policy defined by
the French government. It is headquartered in Paris. It finances projects in Africa, Asia, the Middle
East, Latin America, the Caribbean and the French overseas territories to promote living conditions
for populations and economic growth in these regions.
France is the ninth largest foreign investor in India.
French Open: Jelena Ostapenko wins Womens Crown
June 10, 2017
Unseeded Jelena Ostapenko of Latvia has lifted the the 2017 French Open Womens Singles crown.
She defeated Simona Halep 4-6, 6-4, 6-3. This will be Ostapenkos first ever Grand Slam title.
With this win, Ostapenko, 20, has become the first unseeded woman to win the French Open after
Britains Margaret Scrivens feat in 1933.
Ostapenko also earned the distinction for being the first player of Latvian origin men or women
to win a Grand Slam event.
French Open
The French Open is a premier clay court tennis championship event held between late May and early
June for a duration of two weeks at the Stade Roland-Garros in Paris. The event is the second of out
of four annual Grand Slam tournaments. The other three events are Australian Open, Wimbledon
and the US Open. The event has been named after the French aviator Roland Garros. Garros was a
Tennis Lover. French Open is also called Roland Garros or Les internationaux de France de
Roland-Garros or Tournoi de Roland-Garros.
Fact Box: QS World Universities Ranking 2018
June 10, 2017
The Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) World University Rankings 2018 has been released. In the list, three
Indian universities have featured among the top 200 universities.

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Salient Highlights
The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)-Bombay, IIT-Delhi and Indian Institute of Science (IISc),
Bengaluru, have featured in the top 200 global universities. For thefirst, three Indian institutions
have found a place in the list of top 200 universities in the QS Rankings.
IISc Bangalore has been placed at 190 from the152nd place secured last year. Similarly, IIT Delhi have
climbed from 185 to 172 and IIT Bombay has jumped from 219 to 179 this year.
IISc has been placed at 6th position among 959 universities for Citations per Faculty in the 2018
rankings. It is measured by calculating how many times research papers from a university is cited in
the research work of others and is then calibrated against its faculty strength.
For the first time, the Delhi University (DU) has entered the top 500 group.
Other Indian Universities that find a place in the list are: Jadavpur University (ranked in the 601-650
band), University of Hyderabad (601-650), Anna University (651-700), Manipal University
(701-750), Aligarh Muslim University (800-1000), Birla Institute of Technology and Science
(800-1000)
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has been ranked as the worlds best university for
the sixth consecutive year. The second and third place in the overall rankings has been occupied
by Stanford University and Harvard University respectively.
This years ranking surveyed 26,000 universities across the globe. In total, 20 Indian institutions have
been included in the ranking table this year. The list has a total of 959 top universities.
Background
In the recently released NIRF Rankings for Indian educational institutes, IISc was ranked as the countrys
best university. IIT Madras was ranked as the best institute in the category of engineering institutes.
The Quacquarelli Symonds is a British agency that annually ranks higher educational institutes
across the world based on six performance parameters such as Research, Teaching, Employability
and Internationalisation, in addition to a 40 point weightage to the institute`s stature.
June 11, 12, 2017
French Open 2017: Rafael Nadal Wins his 10th French Open Title
June 12, 2017
Spains Rafael Nadal has defeated Swiss third-seeded Stan Wawrinka 6-2, 6-3, 6-1 to win his record
10th French Open title. This will be his fifteenth major title win. With this victory, Rafael Nadal has
become the first man or woman in the Open era to clinch a Grand Slam tournament 10 times. The
Open era which began in 1968 allowed professional players to compete with amateurs in the Grand
Slam tournaments.
With 15 Grandslam title wins, Nadal moves to the second place above Pete Sampras on the list of all-

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time Grand Slam winners of mens tennis only behind Roger Federer, who recently registered his
18th title win at the Australian Open in January.

Womens Doubles Title


Americas Bethanie Mattek-Sands and the Czech Republics Lucie Safarova have clinched their third
successive grand slam doubles title after defeating Australian duo Ashleigh Barty and Casey
Dellacqua at the French Open.
French Open
The French Open is a premier clay court tennis championship event held between late May and early
June for a duration of two weeks at the Stade Roland-Garros in Paris. The event is the second of out
of four annual Grand Slam tournaments. The other three events are Australian Open, Wimbledon
and the US Open. The event has been named after the French aviator Roland Garros. Garros was a
Tennis Lover. French Open is also called Roland Garros or Les internationaux de France de
Roland-Garros or Tournoi de Roland-Garros.
Fact Box: Tele-Law Initiative
June 12, 2017
The Ministry of Law and Justice has launched theTele-Law initiative in collaboration with
the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technologyto provide legal aid services to the
marginalized communities and citizens living in rural areas through theCommon Service Centres
(CSC) at the panchayat level, spread across the country.
Salient Highlights
Tele Law initiative would help people to seek legal advice from lawyers with the help ofvideo
conferencing facility available at the Common Service Centres (CSC). Apart from the lawyers, law
school clinics, District Legal Service Authorities, voluntary service providers and Non-Government
Organisations working on legal aid and empowerment can also be connected through the CSCs.
In the initial phase, the initiative will be tested as a pilot project across 500 Common Service Centres
(CSC) in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. In this phase, challenges to the initiative would be identified and
necessary corrections would be made and would eventually be rolled out across the country in a
phased manner.
A new portal called Tele Law will be made available across the CSC network to connect the citizens
to legal service providers with the help of technology-enabled platforms. The initiative would
strengthen access to justice for the marginalized communities.
The government will also put in place a robust monitoring and evaluation system to assess the
quality of the legal advice delivered to the people.
Under the initiative, a Para Legal Volunteer (PLV), would be employed in each CSC. The volunteer

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would serve as the first point of contact for the marginalized communities in the rural areas who will
help them understand the legal issues, explain the advice given by lawyers and assist in further action
as per the advice of the lawyer.
Around 1000 women Para Legal Volunteers will also be trained under this initiative to provide legal
aid services through the CSCs. This is expected to promote women entrepreneurship and
empowerment.
Further, the National Legal Service Authority (NALSA) will also provide a panel of lawyers who will
provide advice from the state capitals to the applicants in the CSCs through video conferencing.
Jnanpith Awardee C Narayana Reddy Passes Away
June 12, 2017
Renowned Telugu poet and writer Cingireddi Narayana Reddy has passed away.
In 1992, Reddy was awarded the countrys third-highest civilian honour, Padma Bhushan. In 1977,
he was awarded the Padma Shri. In 1997, he was nominated to the Upper House of Parliament. In
1998, he received the prestigious Jnanpith award for his poetic work Visvambara which got translated
into three other languages. Reddy has also written several songs for Telugu movies.
Narayana Reddy was born in Karimnagar district of Andhra Pradesh on July 29, 1931. He had
obtained his MA and PhD in Telugu literature from Osmania University. Previously, he had also
worked as a professor of the University.
CSIR-SERC Develops Easy-to-Assemble Toilet
June 12, 2017
CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre (SERC), Chennai, has come up with a cost-effective
toilet. The toilet is expected to be set up in those areas where toilet coverage is not available.
Salient Highlights
The cost-effective toilet will weigh less than 500kg and will have a life span of 25-30 years. It can be
assembled in under five hours.
The toilet has been built with the help of thetextile reinforced concrete (TRC) panels. The TRC
panels has been developed by CSIR-SERC using textile reinforced concrete prototyping technology
(TRCPT). CSIR-SERC had applied patent for this innovative all-in-one technology in 2014.
The same TRC panels can be used as doors, roofing, walls and even flooring. There is no need of any
moulds to prepare these sheets. These sheets vary in thickness from 15mm to 25mm. The
reinforcement makes use of glass textile mesh with a grained cementious binder. This will be
corrosion-free and is capable of withstanding winds.
CSIR-SERC
CSIR is an autonomous body and Indias premier research and development (R&D) organisation. It
was established in 1942. It operates as an autonomous body registered under the Registration of

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Societies Act of 1860. It is mainly funded by the Union Ministry of Science and Technology. CSIRs
R&D activities include aerospace engineering, ocean sciences, structural engineering, metallurgy, life
sciences, chemicals, mining, food, petroleum, leather, and environment.
CSIR-SERC is one of the national laboratories under the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research
(CSIR) situated at Chennai. The laboratory has built expertise in analysis, design and testing of
structures and structural components. Its services are sought by the union, state as well as the public
and private sector undertakings.
Arunachal Pradesh Demands Separate Time Zone to increase Efficiency
June 12, 2017
Arunachal Pradesh chief minister Pema Khandu has demand for a separate time zone for the
northeastern states to improve work efficiency and save electricity in the region. According to him,
several daylight hours are getting wasted as government offices opens only at 10am and closes as
early as 4pm.
Background
Recently, the Gauhati High Court dismissed a public interest litigation (PIL) seeking a separate time
zone for the northeast region.
A study carried out by Bengaluru-based National Institute of Advanced Studies had concluded that
separate time zone for the northeastern region could help insaving 2.7 billion units of electricity
every year.
A Planning Commission report which was published in 2006 also called for different time zones in
India to improve efficiency.
A similar plea was put forward by Assam chief minister Tarun Gogoi in 2014. He suggested
that northeastern region should follow chai bagan (tea garden) time. Chai bagan time is practiced in
tea gardens and is one hour ahead of the Indian Standard Time (IST).
Problems with IST for North East
There are periodical demands from people of North East region to have a separate time zone. IST
was fixed in 1906 at 82.5, or 5.30 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). Although it is not
felt by most Indians, it really creates troubles for the people who live in North East. In North East,
the day starts getting brighter by 4 AM and darker by 5 PM. The adoption of separate time zone
would allow people of North East to begin early and use the time which is currently wasted.
The chaibagan time was introduced by the British over 150 years ago. It was set one hour ahead of
the Indian Standard Time (IST) for tea estates, collieries and oil industry of Assam.
Lewis Hamilton wins Canadian Grand Prix for Sixth Time
June 12, 2017
Lewis Hamilton has won Canadian Grand Prix at the Circuit Gilles Villeneuve in Montreal, Canada.

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It is Hamiltons sixth victory at the Canadian Grand Prix. Previously, he had won the titles in 2007,
2010, 2012, 2015 and 2016. It is also his third victory this season and the 56th of his career.
The Canadian Grand Prix is an annual motor racing event held in Canada since 1961. The race is a
part of the Formula One World Championship from the year 1967.
Other Winners
Second place: Valtteri Bottas of Mercedes,
Third Place: Australian Daniel Ricciardo of Red Bull,
Fourth Place: Ferraris Sebastian Vettel,
Fifth Place: Force Indias Sergio Perez
Bihars Project Jal Sanchay Chosen for National Award
June 12, 2017
Project Jal Sanchay, a water conservation model which is successfully adopted in Nalanda district of
south-central Bihar, has been chosen for the national award for excellence in the Mahatma Gandhi
national rural employment guarantee programme (MGNREGP) by the Ministry of Rural
Development. The award will be conferred on June 19 at a function held at Vigyan Bhawan in New
Delhi.
Salient Highlights
Nalanda being an agriculture-oriented district remained affected by drought-like conditions that
hampered the farming activities in the district. Though the district receives flash floods during the
monsoon, the water runoff in the district was very high so much so that the entire water got washed
away in a span of 15 days. Under these circumstances, project jal sanchay was launched
under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme (MGNREGP) to offset
the water crisis in the district.
Under the project, check dams and traditional Aahar-Pyne irrigation systems were created. In
addition, traditional water bodies were desilted and renovated. Campaigns about the usefulness of
rainwater harvesting were also carried out. The project was a mix of modern day techniques and
technologies with traditional knowledge and got evolved into a holistic program to conserve water.
As a result of the implementation of the project, availability of water got improved drastically which
positively impacted the farm production in the district.
ISSF World Cup: Jitu Rai-Heena Sidhu Clinch Gold Medal
June 12, 2017
Indian shooters Jitu Rai and Heena Sidhu have clinched the gold medal in mixed team 10m air pistol
event of the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) World Cup held at Gabala, Azerbaijan.
However, Jitu Rai and Heena Sidhu narrowly missed out making to the finals of the individual mens
and womens 10m air pistol event. While Jitu Rai finished 12th, Heena Sidhu finished 9th in their

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respective qualification rounds. Only top 8 are eligible to compete in the finals.
Significantly, mixed team events have been approved as medal events for the Tokyo 2020
Olympics. This win is the Indian pairs second World Cup gold together.
A total of 430 athletes from 45 nations are participating in the Gabala World Cup to qualify for
the the ISSF World Cup Finals (WCF). The event will be the last chance for Rifle and Pistol
shooters to qualify as only eight best shooters of the world in each Olympic discipline along with
reigning Olympic and World Championship medalists and wild-cards will be able to compete in the
WCF. China leads the medal tally at Gabala.
June 13, 2017
Mens Tennis ATP Rankings: Rafael Nadal moves up to No.2
June 13, 2017
Rafael Nadal has increased his rankings by two spots to stand at No.2 in the ATP rankings which is
his highest since October 2014.
Previous year French Open champion Novak Djokovic has moved from second place to fourth place
in the ATP rankings, which is his lowest ranking in seven years. Incidentally, Novak Djokovic got
knocked out in quaterfinals of the French Open.
Mens Tennis ATP Current Rankings
First Rank: Andy Murray (Great Britain)
Second Rank: Rafael Nadal (Spain)
Third Rank: Stan Wawrinka (Switzerland)
Fourth Rank: Novak Djokovic (Serbia & Montenegro)
Fifth Rank: Roger Federer (Switzerland)
WTA Current Rankings
French Open Champion Jelena Ostapenko has jumped from 47th place to a career-high 12th in the
WTA rankings. French Open title washer first tour-level title of her career. Last year, Jelena
was knocked out of the tournament in the first round itself.
In the WTA rankings, Angelique Kerber retains her No. 1 position despite losing in the first round
of French Open.
First Rank: Angelique Kerber (Germany)
Second Rank: Simona Halep (Romania)
Third Rank: Karolina Pliskova (Czech Republic)
Fourth Rank: Serena Williams (USA)
Fifth Rank: Elina Svitolina (Ukraine)

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Expert Committee Constituted to examine Rules on Movement of People Near


Indo-Myanmar Border
June 13, 2017
Ministry of Home Affairs has constituted an expert committee to examine the rules which allow free
movement of people near Indo-Myanmar border. Indian and Myanmarese citizens are permitted free
movement within 16 km of the international border, but these rules are widely exploited by militants
for smuggling arms, drugs, and fake Indian currency.
The decision to constitute an MHA panel was taken at a meeting of chief ministers of the
northeastern states which share a border with Myanmar. This is for the first time that meeting with
the state governments has been called to discuss the issues concerning the Myanmar border. The
meeting was attended by Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju and chief ministers of Arunachal
Pradesh, Manipur and Mizoram, and the Home Minister of Nagaland.
Salient Highlights
The expert committee would be headed by the special secretary (Internal Security) in the Ministry of
Home Affairs.
The panel will examine the rules and regulations adopted by the border states for free movement of
the people. It has to suggest for uniform and effective implementation of free movement regime in
the states which share a porous border with Myanmar
The committee has to come up withstandard operating procedures common to all the four
states that will provide effective measures to filter out militants, criminals and contraband at the
border without causing inconvenience to genuine people.
The panel has to submit its report within three months.
Background
India shares 1,643-km long border with Myanmar that passes through four states of Arunachal
Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram. At present, both Indian and Myanmarese citizens are
permitted a visa-free movement regime within 16 km on either side of the border. They are
permitted to stay up to 72 hours with valid permits. These rules were kept in place in view of the
traditional and social ties among the border people. There are over 240 villages with an estimated
population of 2.5 lakh people living within 10 km of the border. However, Indias international
border with Myanmar is very porous with cross-border movement of insurgents and smuggling of
arms and ammunition being very common.
CRY Report: Uttar Pradesh ranks First in Number of Child Labourers
June 13, 2017
According to a recently released CRY Report on child labour, more than 8 lakh children between the
age group of 5 and 6 years in India are engaged in child labour.

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Child Rights and You (CRY) is an NGO working towards the upliftment of underprivileged children.
The organization got established in 1979 by Rippan Kapur.
Salient Highlights
As per the report, over 5 lakh children in India do not attend school. A majority of them are involved
in family based employments.
Uttar Pradesh ranks first in the number of child labourers (2,50,672 children) in the country
followed by Bihar (1,28,087 children) and Maharashtra (82,847 children).
The report has identified that the high level of poverty and unemployment along with a lack of
adequate social security net are the important factors forcing children to work, compromising with
their learning. These children are often forced to migrate with their parents and assist in family
occupations such as working in brick kilns.
The report cites that the Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) suffers many limitations and
is now covering only 50% of the child labourers.
In the decade 2001-11, the working children in the age group of 10-14 years saw a reduction of 30%
but the child labourers in the age group of 5-9 years have seen an increase of 37% from 2001.
ICDS
Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme is centrally
a sponsored scheme
implemented by the states/UTs. The Scheme was launched on 2nd October 1975. The scheme has the
following objectives: to improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6
years; to reduce mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school dropout; to promote policy
coordination and implementation for promoting child development; to lay an adequate foundation
for the psychological, physical and social well-being of the children etc.
Under the scheme, the services such as Supplementary nutrition; Pre-school non-formal education;
nutrition and health education, immunization, health check-ups; and Referral services through
Anganwadi Centres for children below 6 years of age as well as to pregnant women& lactating
mothers are offered.
Panama forges Diplomatic ties with China and breaks away with Taiwan
June 13, 2017
Panama has established formal diplomatic ties with China and broke all of its relationship with
Taiwan in a move that is seen as a victory for China in its drive to isolate Taiwan from the rest of the
world. China claims Taiwan as its own territory.
Panamas Stand
Panamas President Juan Carlos Varela has announced that his country has upgraded its commercial
ties with China and has established full diplomatic links with China. China is the second most
important customer of the Panama Canaland the leading provider of merchandise to a free-

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commerce zone situated in the city of Colon in Panama.


In addition, Panama has stated that it is breaking off its formal relations with Taiwan. Panama has
said that henceforth it recognizes One China in the world and consider Taiwan to be an inalienable
part of Chinas territory. Hence, it has said that it will not maintain any more official relationship or
official exchanges with Taiwan.
China has welcomed the decision taken by Panama. China in the recent years has been showering a
lot of favours throughout Central America to woo them to break ties with Taiwan.
Taiwans Response
Taiwan has said that it will immediately cut ties and cease all bilateral cooperation projects with
Panama. It has also said that it will recall all of its diplomatic staff and technical advisers out of
Panama. Panama is one of Taiwans oldest friends. Panama was one of the largest economies to
maintain diplomatic relations with Taiwan.
Panama is one of Taiwans oldest friends. Panama was one of the largest economies to maintain
diplomatic relations with Taiwan.
Background
Taiwan now has just 20 formal diplomatic partners after Panama has switched its ties. Of them, 12
partners belong to Latin America and the Caribbean.
China and Taiwan are being ruled by separate governments since the end of the Chinese civil war in
1949. Chinas constitution claims Taiwan to be a part of its own territory. While both the sides
maintained an undeclared diplomatic truce in recent times, the relationship got deteriorated
after Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen assumed office last year.
At chinas insistence, Taiwan has been excluded from the United Nations and many other
multinational bodies like the World Health Organization and other international gatherings.
RBI to release New batch of Rs 500 Currency Notes
June 13, 2017
Reserve Bank of India has said that it will release new batch of Rs 500 currency notes whose design
will be similar in all respects to the Rs 500 rupee banknotes of the Mahatma Gandhi (New) Series
which were released post demonetisation.
Salient Highlights
The new batch of Rs 500 banknotes will have inset letter A in both the number panels.
It will bear the printing year as 2017 on the reverse side.
The new notes will have the signature of RBI Governor Dr. Urjit R. Patel.
The old Rs 500 notes released in the wake of demonetisation wouldcontinue to remain as legal
tender.
RBI has said that it has no plans to release new denomination currencies in the near future as it aims

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to promote cashless transactions in the country.


The banknotes will also have Swachh Bharat logo printed on the backside of the banknote. In
addition, some of the notes would carry an additional character in between the prefix and the
number of the banknote.
ICC ODI Player Rankings: Virat Kohli becomes No.1 ODI Batsman
June 13, 2017
Indian Skipper Virat Kohli has reclaimed the top spot in the recently released ICC ODI batting
rankings. He overtook South Africas AB de Villiers and Australias David Warner to reach the
number one position. In January, Kohli managed to reach the top spot but was able to stay at the top
only for just four days.
Among other players, Shikhar Dhawan has managed to return to top 10. Yuvraj Singh has also
improved his rankings and currently stands at 88th position.
Rankings:
First Place: Virat Kohli (India)
Second Place: David Warner (Australia)
Third Place: AB de Villiers (South Africa)
Fouth Place: Joe Root (England)
Fifth Place: Kane Williamson (New Zealand)
Bowlers
Josh Hazlewood of Australia is at the top spot in the bowlers rankings. Bhuvaneshwar Kumar has
improved his rankings by 13 places to rank 23rd. Ranks of Ravichandran Ashwin and Ravindra
Jadeja have dropped to 20 and 29 respectively.
First Place: Josh Hazlewood (Australia)
Second Place: Imran Tahir (South Africa)
Third Place: Mitchell Starc (Australia)
Fourth Place: Kagiso Rabada (South Africa)
Fifth Place: Sunil Narine (West Indies)
SEBI asks Commodity Exchanges to Set up Investor service Fund
June 13, 2017
SEBI has come up with comprehensive guidelines asking the Commodity derivatives exchanges to
compulsorily set up investor protection and service funds.
Salient Highlights
The commodity exchanges should maintain separate bank accounts for maintaining the corpus of the
IPF and the ISF.
ISF

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The Investor Service Fund (ISF) is aimed at providing minimum facilities at various investor service
centres.
At the initial stage, the commodity exchange has to contribute at least Rs 10 lakh towards ISF.
Subsequently, the commodity exchanges are required to transfer 1% of the turnover fees charged
from its members on monthly basis towards the ISF.
IPF
The Investor Protection Fund (IPF) of a Commodity Exchange should have a maximum of five
trustees. Out of these, three trustees should be public interest directors and a representative from
Sebi-recognised investor association. In addition, the commodity exchanges compliance officer
should be made part of the trust.
The IPF will comprise of all penalties levied and collected by the commodity exchanges except for the
settlement related penalties.
The exchanges will have the freedom to fix suitable compensation limits in consultation with the IPF
trust.
The exchanges can make use of the IPF corpus for investor education and other awareness
programmes.
The trust will be responsible for the supervision of utilisation of interest on IPF.
SEBI
SEBI is the statutory regulator for the securities market in India established in 1988. It was given
statutory powers through the SEBI Act, 1992. SEBIs headquarters is in Mumbai, Maharashtra. SEBIs
mandate is to protect the interests of investors in securities, promote the development of securities
market and to regulate the securities market.
The Key functions of SEBI are as follows: Regulating stock exchanges and other securities markets;
Registering and regulating the working of intermediaries who are associated with securities markets
in any manner; Registering and regulating the working of venture capital funds and collective
investment schemes including mutual funds; promoting and regulating self-regulatory organizations
and prohibiting fraudulent and unfair trade practices relating to securities markets.
Indian Warships reach Australia to take part in Bilateral Maritime Exercise
AUSINDEX-17
June 13, 2017
Indian warships have reached Australias port city of Freemantle to take part in aweek-long naval
exercise off the Western Australian coast.
Salient Highlights
Exercise Australia-India (AUSINDEX) was first conducted off theEast Coast of Indiain
September 2015. AUSINDEX-17 will be the second overall bilateral drill between Indian Navy and

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Royal Australian Navy.


AUSINDEX bilateral exercise aims to enhance interoperability and professional interaction between
two navies.
Politically, the joint exercise assumes significance as India is yet to take a final decision to
accommodate Australias request to participate in theIndian-led Malabar naval exercise this year.
Malabar naval exercise involves the navies of India, Japan, and the United States.
Indian warships INS Kamorta, the INS Shivalik (first stealth warship built in India), and
oiler INS Jyoti, will take part in the exercise.
Australian warships which will take part in the exercise includes missile frigat
HMAS Newcastle; diesel-electric submarine HMAS Waller; special operations unit, Clearance Diving
Team Four; and P3 Orion maritime patrol aircraft of the Royal Australian Air Force.
The exercise will be held between June 17 and 19.
June 14, 2017
SEBI allows Options Trading in Commodity Futures
June 14, 2017
SEBI has allowed options trading on futures contract of commodities. However, the capital market
regulator has allowed the commodity derivatives exchanges to initially launch options on futures of
only one commodity.
Salient Highlights
SEBI has put in place strict eligibility criteria for the commodity exchanges to start trading in options
contract of commodities.
SEBI will allow options trading on futures contract of only those commodities that areamong the
top five in terms of the total trading turnover value of previous 12 months. Further, the average
daily turnover of underlying futures contract of such commodities in the previous 12 months should
be minimum Rs200 crore for agricultural and agri-processed commodities, and Rs1,000 crore for
other commodities.
SEBI has asked the commodity exchanges to follow robust risk management measures. It has also
come up with necessary guidelines with respect to the product design that need to be adopted for
trading in options on commodity futures.
SEBI has mandated the commodity derivatives exchanges which are willing to commence trading in
options contracts to seek its prior approval.
Background
Commodity Exchanges have been requesting SEBI for a long time to permit options trading in
commodities be allowed. Last year, SEBI had agreed to permit options trading but some legal

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requirements remained unfulfilled.

Options Contract: It is a derivative product that offers an investor the right to purchase
without any obligation to buy at the specied price/date.
Futures Contract: It is a contract between two parties where both parties agree to
purchase or sell a particular commodity or any other nancial instrument at
predetermined price at a specied time in the future.

SEBI
SEBI is the statutory regulator for the securities market in India established in 1988. It was given
statutory powers through the SEBI Act, 1992. SEBIs headquarters is in Mumbai, Maharashtra. SEBIs
mandate is to protect the interests of investors in securities, promote the development of securities
market and to regulate the securities market. The Key function of SEBI is to regulate stock exchanges
and other securities markets.
Ministry of Railways launches Mission Retro-Fitment
June 14, 2017
Minister of Railways Suresh Prabhu has launched Mission Retro-Fitment to enhance the passenger
experience by upgrading the existing fleet of coaches.
Salient Highlights
Mission Retro-Fitment is an ambitious program of the ministry or railways to upgrade the level of
furnishing & amenities in the coaches of Indian Railways.
The refurbished coaches will have better furnishing, aesthetics & amenities and better safety features
which are aimed at providing a safe and comfortable travel to the railway passengers.
Under Mission Retro-Fitment, 40,000 coaches will be refurbished and retrofitted in the next five
years. The mission aims to induct about 40,000 coaches with upgraded interiorsby 2022-23. The
mission will be one of the largest retro fitment projects in the world.
The mission will be carried out without affecting the traffic operation. It is estimated that cost of
refurbishing per coach to be approximately Rs 30 lakhs.
Features
The refurbished coaches will have the following features:
World Class Ambience: The refurbished coaches will have panels with LED lights, modular toilets
with plumbing, Branded fittings, powered Venetian blinds, anti-Graffiti coating etc.
Enhanced Passenger Safety: Fire and smoke detection system, rounded edges for preventing injury,
double acting compartment door in AC coaches.
Environment-Friendly features such as Bio-toilets.
Usage of better materials such as polycarbonate ABS, advanced composites, Glass Fibre Reinforced

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Plastic, stainless steel, etc.


Improved Passenger Convenience: Passenger address & Passenger information System, Braille
Signage, Ergonomic design etc.

DRDO Successfully Test-fires anti-Tank Nag Missile


June 14, 2017
The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully test fired anti-tank
Nag missile in Rajasthan. The test was conducted by Scientists of the Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Missile
Complex at Hyderabad, Defence Laboratory at Jodhpur, High Energy Materials Research Laboratory
(HEMRL) at Pune and Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE) at Pune.
Nag Missile
The anti-tank Nag missile is one of the five missile systems developed by the Defence Research and
Development Organization (DRDO) under theintegrated guided missile development
programme (IGMDP). The four other missiles developed under this programme includeAgni,
Akash, Trishul and Prithvi.
The Nag missile is a third generation anti-tank guided missile which works on fire and forget
principle. The anti-tank Nag missile has been equipped with the highly advanced Imaging Infrared
Radar (IRR) seeker along with integrated avionics. This technology is possessed by very few nations.
It also possess advanced passive homing guidance system.
The missile has been designed mainly to destroymodern main battle tanks and other heavily
armoured targets.
Nag can be launched from land and air-based platforms. The helicopter launched version known as
helicopter-launched NAG (HELINA) can be fired from Dhruv advanced light helicopter (ALH)
and HAL Rudra attack helicopter. The land-based version of the missile is at present available for
integration on the Nag missile carrier (NAMICA)
RBI identifies 12 Bank Accounts accounting 25% of NPAs to initiate Bankruptcy
Proceedings
June 14, 2017
RBIs Internal Advisory Committee (IAC) has identified 12 bank accounts constituting nearly 25% of
the gross bad loans for immediate referral and resolution under the bankruptcy law. Each of the 12
identified accounts was having more than 5,000 crore rupees of outstanding loans, of which at least
60% was classified as non-performing by banks as of March 31, 2016. The RBI, however, has not
disclosed the names of the accounts.
Salient Highlights
RBIs internal advisory committee (IAC) mainly comprises of its independent board members. Based

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upon the recommendations of the IAC, the RBI will issue directions to the banks to
initiate insolvency proceedings under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (IBC). These cases
will be accorded priority by theNational Company Law Tribunal (NCLT). The NCLT is the
arbitration authority for cases filed under IBC.
For those loan accounts which do not meet the criterion recommended by the IAC, the concerned
banks should finalise a resolution plan within six months. The details of the resolution framework
for these other non-performing accounts will be released soon by the central bank.
Background
Indian banks have an estimated Rs 10 trillion as stressed assets. Of this, gross bad loans amounts
close to Rs 7.7 trillion and the rest constitutes the restructured loans.
In May, the Union Cabinet had cleared an ordinance that amended the Banking Regulation Act and
gave more powers to Reserve Bank of India to deal with non-performing assets (NPAs) in the
banking sector. The Amendments has empowered the RBI to act against loan defaulters and
defaulting companies under the bankruptcy code. These amendments would pave for faster
resolution of the NPAs as the bankruptcy code provides for a time-bound winding up of companies
and recovery of secured loans.
The assets of the banks which dont perform are called Non-Performing Assets (NPA) or bad loans. If
customers dont pay either interest or part of principal or both, the loan turns into a bad loan.
According to RBI, loans on which interest or instalment of principal remains overdue for a period of
more than 90 days from the end of a particular quarter will be classified as a Non-performing Asset.
India ratifies Two Fundamental Global Conventions to combat Child Labour
June 14, 2017
India has ratified two key global conventions for combating child labour as a step towards creating
full respect for fundamental rights at work.
Salient Highlights
India has deposited the instruments of ratification of the two fundamental ILO Conventions with the
International Labour Office (ILO). The two key conventions are related to the elimination of child
labour- the Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No 138) and the Worst Forms of Child Labour
Convention, 1999 (No. 182).
India has become the 170th member of ILO to ratify the Convention No. 138, which requires the
member parties to set a minimum age under which no one should be employed in any occupation,
except for light work and artistic performances.
India has become the 181st member of ILO to ratify Convention No 182 which requires state parties
to prohibit and eliminate worst forms of child labour, including slavery, forced labour and
trafficking; the use of children in armed conflict; the use of a child for prostitution, pornography and

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in illicit activities such as drug trafficking; and hazardous work.


The elimination of Child Labour from the country is also essential to achieve Sustainable
Development Goals by 2030. The ratification of these conventions will help in achievingGoal 8 of
the sustainable development goals which aims at complete eradication of child labour by 2025 and
calls for prohibition and elimination of its worst forms.
Government Initiatives
The government has recently amended theChild Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act,
1986 which came into effect in September 2016. This amendment prohibits employment of children
below 14 years in any occupation or process. It also prohibits the employment of adolescents (14 to
18 years) in hazardous occupations and processes.
The government has also strengthened theNational Child Labour Project. It is a rehabilitative
scheme that provides bridge education and vocational training to adolescents.
Verizon Completes Yahoo Acquisition
June 14, 2017
Telecom giant Verizon has acquired Yahoos core business for $4.48bn (3.51m), thus ending
Yahoos two-decade long run as an independent company. Verizon is the No.1 wireless operator in
the US.
Salient Highlights
Verizon will combine Yahoo with AOL which was bought by it two years ago to establish a venture
called Oath. The Oath is a division in Verizons Media and Telematics organisation. Oath owns more
than 50 brands such as HuffPost, TechCrunch and Tumblr.
With the acquisition, Yahoos chief executive Marissa Mayer has resigned.
Verizon has not indicated how it proposes to use the Yahoo brand which is used by millions of
people worldwide. But it has stated that it will keep the names Yahoo Sports, Yahoo Finance, Yahoo
Mail and more.
Yahoos acquisition brings to an end a long decline of its market value which peaked at $125 billion
in 2000.
The remainder of Yahoo which is not acquired by Verizon will change its name toAltaba Inc. It
will become a holding company with 15.5% stakes in Chinese Internet giant Alibaba and a 35.5%
holding in Yahoo Japan Corp. It will begin trading under the ticker symbol AABA.
Thomas McInerney, a Yahoo board member will be made as Altabas chief executive officer.
Union Cabinet approves Interest Subvention on Short-Term Crop Loan to
Farmers
June 14, 2017
The Union cabinet has approved the Interest Subvention Scheme (ISS) for farmers for the year

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2017-18. The Government has allocated Rs. 20,339 crore for this scheme.
Salient Highlights
The objective of the scheme is to make available agricultural credit for Short Term crop loans at an
affordable rate. The scheme is expected to boost agricultural productivity and production in the
country.
Under this scheme, farmers will be given a short term crop loan up to Rs. 3 lakh payable within one
year at an interest rate of 4% per annum.
The scheme will be continued for 1 year and will be implemented by NABARD and RBI.
The interest subvention will be provided to Public Sector Banks (PSBs), Private Sector Banks,
Cooperative Banks and Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) and to NABARD for refinancing to RRBs and
Cooperative Banks.
Interest subvention of 5% per annum will be provided to those farmers who pay the short term crop
loan in time. Farmers will have to effectively pay only 4% as interest. For farmers who do not pay
crop loan in time the interest subvention of only 2% will be applicable as against 5% available above.
This institutional credit is expected to demotivate farmers from taking loans from non-institutional
sources of credit at high rates of interest.
Background
Interest Subvention Scheme (ISS) has been running since 2006-07. Under this scheme, crop loans are
offered at 7% rate of interest for loans up to Rs.3 lakh. Further subvention of 3% will be provided to
farmers who prompt repay the loans within a period of one year from the date of advance.
The scheme also offers post-harvest loans for storage in accredited warehouses against Negotiable
Warehouse Receipts (NWRs) for a period of 6 months to check distress sale.
Union Cabinet approves Proposal to introduce the Financial Resolution and
Deposit Insurance Bill 2017
June 14, 2017
The Union Cabinet has approved the proposal to introduce a Financial Resolution and Deposit
Insurance Bill, 2017 which will provide a comprehensive resolution framework for financial sector
entities to deal with bankruptcy situation in banks, insurance companies, and other entities.
Salient Highlights
The bill will pave way for the establishment ofResolution Corporation. The Resolution
Corporation would be mandated to protect the stability and resilience of the financial system;
protecting public funds; protecting the consumers of covered obligations up to a reasonable limit.
Once enacted, the Financial Resolution and Deposit Insurance, Bill 2017 will result in repealing of
the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation Act, 1961and repeal/amendment

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of other resolution related provisions in sectoral acts. With the repeal of Deposit Insurance and
Credit Guarantee Corporation Act, 1961, the deposit insurance powers and responsibilities will be
transferred to the proposed Resolution Corporation.
The new bill will complement the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 by providing a
comprehensive resolution framework for the financial sector. The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code,
2016 was enacted recently to deal with the insolvency of non- financial entities.
The bill envisages to inculcate discipline among financial service providers in the event of financial
crisis. It is expected to maintain financial stability in the economy by limiting the use of public money
to bail out distressed entities. It will put in place adequate preventive measures and at the same time
proposes to provide the necessary instruments for dealing with an event of financial crisis
The bill is proposed to be enacted to strengthen and streamline the current framework of deposit
insurance and to decrease the time and costs involved in resolving distressed financial entities.
June 15, 2017
IOC, BPCL, HPCL Sign Agreement to set Worlds Largest Refinery
June 15, 2017
The Public Sector Oil Marketing Companies, Indian Oil, Bharat Petroleum and Hindustan Petroleum
has have signed the joint venture agreement to jointly set up theworlds largest refinery and
petrochemical complex in Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra.
Salient Highlights
Indian Oil Corp (IOC) will hold 50% stake and the Hindustan Petroleum Corp Ltd (HPCL) and
Bharat Petroleum Corp Ltd (BPCL) will each hold a stake of 25% each in the new complex.
The refinery is expected to be set up at an estimated cost of Rs 3 lakh crore. The new complex is
expected to be completed by 2022.
The new complex will have a 60 million tonnes refining capacity. The complex would come up at
Babulwadi, Rajapur in Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra located very close to the West coast. Being
on the West coast will be helpful in easily sourcing the crude oil from the Middle-East, Africa and
South America.
The refinery complex will have three crude units of 20 million tonnes each. The refinery will
produce petrol, diesel, LPG, ATF and feedstock for making petrochemical.
The refinery complex will have an accompanying mega petrochemical plant which will include an
aromatic complex, naphtha cracker and polymer complex.
Background
Although India is worlds third largest energy consumer after US and China, the per capita energy
consumption in the country is one-fourth of the world average. However, according to the

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International Energy Agency (EA) the domestic oil demand in the country will increase to 458
million tonnes by 2040. Against this, the domestic refining capacity remains 230-235 million tonnes,
which exceeds the demand of 194.2 million tonnes in 2016-17 fiscal. The new refinery complex is
being set up keeping in mind the future fuel demand and the export potential of the country.
At present, IOC has 11 refineries with a total capacity of 81.2 million tonnes. BPCL has 4 refineries
with a total capacity of 33.4 million tonnes. HPCL has 3 refineries with a total capacity of 24.8
million tonnes.
Neeru Chadha becomes First Indian Women to be elected to International
Tribunal for the Law of the Seas
June 15, 2017
Law expert Neeru Chadha has been elected to the International Tribunal for the Law of the Seas
(ITLOS). With this election, she has become the first Indian women to win a crucial election to a
top UN judicial body that deals with disputes related to the law of the sea. Neeru has become the first
Indian woman to be appointed as a judge at the ITLOS.
ITLOS comprises of 21 independent members who are elected based upon their reputation for being
a person with integrity. The person should also have necessary competence in the field of the law of
the sea
Neeru has also earned a distinction of becoming the second Indian woman to occupy a top position
at the United Nations after Lakshmi Pandit who served as the President of the United Nations
General Assembly.
Neeru Chadha
Neeru Chadha holds law degrees including a PhD in law from the University of Delhi and the
University of Michigan. She was the first woman to be appointed by the Ministry of External Affairs
as its chief advisor. She served as a member of the ministrys Legal and Treaties Division.
Neeru Chadha has represented the Indian government in multilateral bodies and meetings. She has
represented India in United Nations, AALCO (Asian-African Legal Consultative Organisation),
UNIDROIT (International Institute for the Unification of Private Law), UNCITRAL (UN
Commission on International Trade Law), The Hague Conference, South Asian Association for
Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi- Sectoral Technical and
Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) on a range of subjects such as human rights, humanitarian law,
international trade, international terrorism and international criminal law.
She was Indian governments lead counsel after Italy had filed a case at the International Tribunal for
the Law of the Sea. She also represented the country after the Marshall Islands accused India for not
abiding by its nuclear disarmament obligations

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ITLOS
ITLOs is an intergovernmental organisation under the ambit of the United Nations, established in
1996. ITLOS governs the laws on international waters and is one of dispute settlement mechanisms
under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). It is headquartered in Hamburg,
Germany. The ITLOS comprises of 21 serving judges.

Israeli Author David Grossman wins Man Booker International Prize


June 15, 2017
Israeli author David Grossman has won the Man Booker International Prize for his novel A Horse
Walks Into a Bar. David Grossman has become the first Israeli author to win the Man Booker
International Prize. He will share the 50,000 ($64,000) award money with his translator Jessica
Cohen.
David Grossman has also won other international awards. David Grossmans 1986 novelSee
Under: Love is hailed as a masterpiece of his work which revolved around Holocaust and the
generation of Jews that followed.
Other important works of David Grossman includes The Yellow Wind, To the End of the Land.His
works have been translated into over 30 languages. He is also a recipient of Frances Chevalier de
lOrdre des Arts et des Lettres in 1998. David Grossman is one among the seven noted writers who
appealed the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to sanction the Syrian government over its
actions in 2011.
Man Booker Prize
The Man Booker Prize is worlds most prestigious English-language literary award. It was launched
in 1969 and presented by the Man Group. The international edition of the Man Booker Prize was
introduced in 2005. From 2016, the prize is awarded for a single work of fiction that has been
translated into English and published in the United Kingdom.
The award aims at promoting the finest literary work in fiction by rewarding the best novel of the
year written in English and published in the United Kingdom. It carries a cash prize of 50,000
pounds. The authors are shortlisted by judges from a wide range of disciplines and all with a passion
for quality fiction. Last year, the prize was won by South Korean author Han Kang for her novel The
Vegetarian.
India-South Korea sign Agreements to Push Infrastructure Development and
Bilateral Trade
June 15, 2017

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India and South Korea has signed anagreement for $10 billion assistancefor infrastructure
development projects in India, including smart cities. It includes $9 billion in concessional credit and
$1 billion in Official development assistance (ODA). Part of this fund will be utilised towards Smart
City projects in India. With this agreement, South Korea has becomeone of the first non-G-7
countries to become an ODA contributor in India.
The agreements were signed during the four-day official visit of Finance Minister Arun Jaitley to
South Korea to attend the fifth India-Korea Financial Dialogue.
South Korea strives to diversify its economic partnerships and India being worlds fastest growing
major economy offers immense opportunities to Korea for diversifying its economic partnerships.
This also offers India great opportunities. Both the countries have also decided to establish
a mechanism at senior official levels to identify good infrastructure projects in India to make use of
the funding.
In the face of rising protectionism, the two countries have also agreed that there is an urgent need for
them to increase efforts to stimulate investment flows, support for infrastructure development, and
bilateral trade among others
Background
The present engagement between India and South Korea comes under the overall umbrella of the
Special Strategic Partnership as declared in the Joint Statement of the Prime Ministers of both the
nations in May 2015. Also, recently, a MoU was signed between both the countries for defence
industry cooperation in shipbuilding.
UN Report: India is Top Remittance Receiving Country
June 15, 2017
According to the O
ne Family at a Time study conducted by the UN International Fund for
Agricultural Development (IFAD), Indians working across the world had sent home USD 62.7
billion in 2016 making India the top remittance-receiving country surpassing China.
Salient Highlights
Around 200 million migrants across the world have sent more than USD 445 million in 2016 as
remittances to their families.
Top Remittance Receiving Countries: India (USD 62.7 billion), China (USD 61 billion), the
Philippines (USD 30 billion) and Pakistan (USD 20 billion).
Around 80% of the remittances across the world are received by 23 countries such as India, China, the
Philippines, Mexico and Pakistan.
Top Remittance Sending Countries: US, Saudi Arabia and Russia. These countries account for
almost half of annual flow of remittances.

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The study is the first ever study conducted that analysed a 10-year trend in migration and remittance
flows over the period 2007-2016.
In the period between 2007 and 2016, India has surpassed China to become the worlds largest
receiver of remittances. In 2007, India was at the second spot behind China.
Asia remains the main remittance-receiving region with 55% of the global flows.
The amount of money sent to the families in developing countries have increased by 51% over the
past decade. This increase in remittances is expected to lift millions out of poverty and in attaining
the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
The report expects that in the year 2017, one of out of every seven people will be involved in either
sending or receiving more than USD 450 billion in remittances.
The amount of money sent back home by the migrants averages less than 1% of their hosts GDP. In
total, these individual remittances account for more than the total foreign direct investment to
almost every low-and-middle-income country.
The report has also made recommendations for improving public policies to reduce costs and create
opportunities for migrants and their families to use their money more productively.
IFAD
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) was set up in 1977 as the 13th specialised
agency of the United Nations. India is a founder member of IFAD and a key contributor among the
member countries.
IFAD works towards removing poverty and hunger in rural areas all over the world, especially in
developing countries. Its goal is to empower poor rural men and women in developing countries to
achieve higher incomes and improved food security. IFAD is managed by the two main governing
bodies i.e. the Governing Council and the Executive Board. The Governing Council is the highest
decision-making body of IFAD.
Bhupen Hazarika Award conferred to Yeshe Dorjee Thongshi
June 15, 2017
The Bhupen Hazarika National Award, 2017 has been conferred upon the noted writer Yeshe Dorjee
Thongshi. This is the fifth edition of the award which was first conferred in 2012.
The award has been instituted by Sarhad, a Maharashtra-based organisation. The award honours an
outstanding literary work at national and international level. The award consists of 51,000 rupees, a
memento and a certificate.
Yeshe Dorjee Thongshi
Yeshe Dorjee Thongshi belongs to the West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh. He graduated
from Cotton College, Guwahati and did his MA from Guwahati University.
In spite of having Sherdukpen as his mother tongue, Yeshe Dorjee Thongshi started writing his

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works in Assamese over which he has excellent command. So far, he has written about a dozen
novels and numerous short stories and plays. His famous novel includes Mauna Onth Mukhar Hriday
(Silent lips, murmuring hearts) which won the Sahitya Akademi award in 2005.
Yeshe Dorjee Thongshi joined the Arunachal Pradesh Civil Service in 1977 and was elevated to the
IAS in 1992. He is the founder and president of Arunachal Pradesh Literary Society.
China launches its First X-ray Space Telescope
June 15, 2017
China has launched its first X-ray space telescope to study black holes, pulsars and gamma-ray bursts.
The telescope weighing 2.5 tonne was sent to the space using Chinas Long March-4B rocket. The
satellite was launched from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center.

Black hole refers to the remains of a supergiant star that has collapsed into itself. It is
so dense and has a gravitational eld so intense, that light itself cannot escape from it.
Pulsars are highly magnetized, rotating neutron stars that emit a beam of
electromagnetic radiation. They are spherical, compact objects that are about the size
of a large city but contain more mass than that of the sun. Scientists are using pulsars
to study extreme states of matter, search for planets beyond Earths solar system and
measure cosmic distance.

In recent years, China sees its multi-billion-dollar space programme as a symbol of its rise. In April,
China had launched its first cargo spacecraft and successfully docked it with an orbiting space lab.
This launch was hailed as a key development toward Chinas goal of having its own crewed space
station by 2022.
Recently, China also opened a Lunar Palace laboratory on earth to simulate a moon-like
environment. In the lunar palace laboratory, China is conducting experiments by housing
students for up to 200 days to prepare for its long-term goal of sending humans to the moon.
In 2016, China had also successfully launched experimental X-ray pulsar navigation satellite
XPNAV-1, which was worlds first pulsar navigation satellite or spacecraft.
Significance
The Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope (HXMT), named Insight, will allow scientists from China to
observe magnetic fields and the interiors of pulsars and understand the evolution of black holes.
The telescope is also expected to help scientists to search for gamma-ray bursts corresponding to
gravitational waves and study how the pulsars can be used for spacecraft navigation.
AIIB Approves $150 million for India Infrastructure Fund
June 15, 2017
China-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) has approved
$150 million equity

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investment loan to the India Infrastructure Fund


. This loan will be thebanks first equity
investment to fund private projects.
Salient Highlights
The $150 million investment would go the India Infrastructure Fund. The Infrastructure Fund aims
to invest in mid-cap infrastructure companies in India.
AIIB in total has approved two loans and one equity investment totalling $324 million to support
infrastructure projects in India, Georgia and Tajikistan. In the case of Georgia and Tajikistan, the
loans were approved to support transport and power projects.
The initiative is expected to benefit local infrastructure development as it will enhance private capital
inflows from global long-term investors, such as public pension funds, endowments and insurance
companies.
AIIB
AIIB is a multilateral development bank backed by China and is seen as a rival to the World Bank
and Asian Development Bank (ADB). The bank started to function in January 2016. The bank was
established to fund various infrastructure projects including energy, transportation, urban
construction and logistics as well as education and healthcare in Asia-Pacific region.
The AIIB was officially established with 57 founding members. But as of May 2017, the bank has 52
members. It has an authorised capital of USD 100 billion. The bank is headquartered in Beijing.
Voting Share: China is the largest shareholder with 26.06% voting shares. India is the second largest
shareholder with 7.5% voting shares followed by Russia 5.93% and Germany with 4.5%.
June 16, 2017
UN General Assembly Approves Creation of New UN Office of Counter Terrorism
June 16, 2017
The United Nations General Assembly has approved the establishment of a new United Nations
office of counter-terrorism to help Member States implement UNs global counter-terrorism
strategy.
Salient Highlights
With the creation of new UN office of counter terrorism, UN will transfer the relevant functions out
of the UN Department of Political Affairs (DPA) into the new body.
The Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force Office (CTITF) and the UN Counter-
Terrorism Centre (UNCCT) currently under the DPA will be transferred to the new office together
with existing staff and associated budgetary resources.
The new UN Office of counter-terrorism would he headed up by an Under-Secretary-General. The
new Under-Secretary-General would Chair the Task Force and Executive Director of the UN
Counter-Terrorism Centre.

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Functions
The new office will have the following five main functions:
To provide leadership on the counter-terrorism mandates entrusted to it across the United
Nations system.
To enhance coordination and coherence across the 38 Counter-Terrorism Implementation
Task Force entities for ensuring balanced implementation of the four pillars of the UN Global
Counter-Terrorism Strategy.
To strengthen the delivery of United Nations counter-terrorism capacity-building assistance
to the Member States.
To improve visibility, advocacy and resource mobilization for United Nations counter-
terrorism efforts; and
To ensure that priority is given to counterterrorism across the United Nations system.
Indias Views
India has welcomed the creation a UN office on counter-terrorism. It expects that the much-
awaited step will help in aligning UN with the changing needs and international reality in the fight
against terrorism.
India has been repeatedly stressing on the need to have a separate office for counter-terrorism as the
presence of as many as 31 entities within the United Nations dealing with some aspect of countering
terrorism lacked coherence and coordination in dealing with terrorism.
Justice PN Bhagwati, a Pioneer of Judicial Activism Passes Away
June 16, 2017
Former Chief Justice of India Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati who is considered as a pioneer of
Judicial Activism has passed away. Justice Bhagwati was 95 years old.
Justice Bhagwati introduced the concepts of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) and absolute liability to
the Indian judicial system. He made the famous ruling that there was no need for a person to have
any Locus Standi to approach the court on the issue of fundamental rights.
One of the important judgments passed by him was in the Maneka Gandhi passport impounding case
of 1978. In this case, he ruled that a person had full right to hold a passport and
his/her movement cannot be restricted. He also ruled that the prisoners too enjoyed fundamental
rights.
Justice Bhagwati
Justice Bhagwati took part in the freedom movement and courted arrest in 1942. Justice Bhagwati
graduated in law from Government Law College, Bombay. He started his practice in Bombay High
Court and became a judge of the Gujarat High Court in 1960. Justice Bhagwati was a former Chief
Justice of the Gujarat High Court and later appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court in July 1973.

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Justice PN Bhagwati served as the 17th Chief Justice of India from July 1985 to December 1986.
Virat Kohli Creates Record by becoming Fastest Batsman to Score 8000 runs in
ODIs
June 16, 2017
Indias Skipper Virat Kohli has created a record by becoming the quickest batsman to score 8000 runs
in one-day international cricket beating South Africas AB de Villiers record by seven fewer innings.
Virat Kohli has managed to cross the 8000 run mark in his 175th innings during Indias match
against Bangladesh in ICC Champions Trophy semi-final in Birmingham.
Earlier record holder was South African captain AB de Villiers who crossed the 8000 run mark in
182 innings.
Earlier this year, South Africas Hashim Amla had broken Virat Kohlis previous record of being the
fastest batsman to score 7000 runs in ODIs. While Virat Kohli scored 7000 runs in 166 innings,
Hashim Amla took only150 innings to get there. Hashim Amla is also the fastest batsman to score
2000, 3000, 4000, 5000 and 6000 runs.
Top 5 fastest 8000 run scorers in ODIs:
Virat Kohli (175 innings), AB de Villiers (182 innings), Sourav Ganguly (200 innings), Sachin
Tendulkar (210 innings), Brian Lara (211 innings).
Fact Box: Global Innovation Index 2017
June 16, 2017
In the Global Innovation Index 2017, co-authored byCornell University, INSEAD and World
Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), India has moved up 6 places to reach 60th place among
130 countries emerging as the top-ranked economy in Central and South Asia.
This is the 10th edition of the Global Innovation Index 2017 (GII).
Salient Highlights
Top 10 most Innovative countries:Switzerland, Sweden, the Netherlands, the US, the UK,
Denmark, Singapore, Finland, Germany and Ireland. Switzerland leads the rankings for the
7th consecutive year.
The index is dominated by high-income economies which took24 of the top 25 spots except for
China which is ranked at 22nd spot.
Among Indias neighbours, Sri Lanka has managed to bag 90th spot and Nepal stood at 109th place.
Pakistan has been ranked as 113th followed by Bangladesh at 114.
BRICS countries: Brazil (69), Russia (45), China (22), South Africa (57).
India
India has made improvements in the rankings after five continuous years of decline in the ranking.
The report has observed that Indias rise in innovation has benefitted its neighbouring countries.

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The index has highlighted the continuous improvement of India in terms of investment, tertiary
education, quality of its publications and universities, ICT service exports etc.
Task Force on Innovation
To assess Indias position on the innovation front, the Ministry of Commerce and Industries had set
up a task force on innovation. The task force comprising of government officials and experts from
private organisations & academia, has recently come up with its report that detailed specific measures
to improve Indias ranking in GII.
GII
GII surveys are conducted every year which analyses 130 economies and aims to capture the multi-
dimensional facets of innovation. The index makes use of a dozen parameters ranging from patent
filings to education spending and offers the decision makers a high-level look at the innovative
activity which are drivers of economic and social growth. GII, over the last few years has established
itself as a leading reference on innovation.

World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) is the global body for promotion and
protection of intellectual property rights (IPR), headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.

India re-elected to ECOSOC


June 16, 2017
India has won its re-election to the UNs principal organ on economic, social and environmental
issues for another three-year term. India was one among the 18 nations to win election to the
Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).
Salient Highlights
India has obtained 183 votes which is the second highest after Japan in the Asia-Pacific category.
Pakistan whose term is also expiring also sought for re-election but lost and got only one vote.
Indias election comes just days after Indias Neeru Chadha got elected to the International Tribunal
for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) by securing 120 votes, which is the highest in the Asia Pacific group.
The current elected members of the ECOSOC who will hold a three year term beginning January
1 2018 are Belarus, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Germany, Ghana, India, Ireland, Japan, Malawi,
Mexico, Morocco, Philippines, Spain, Sudan, Togo, Turkey and Uruguay.
Election
A country requires two-thirds of the total votes to become a member of ECOSOC. The ECOSOC has
a total of 54 members. The Councils 54 members are elected by the General Assembly for
overlapping three-year terms. Out of the 54, 14 seats are allocated to African states, 11 to Asian
states, 6 to Eastern European states, 10 to Latin American and Caribbean states, and 13 to Western
European and other states.

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ECOSOC
The Economic and Social Council is the United Nations central platform for reflection, debate, and
innovative thinking on sustainable development. EcoSoc is one of the six main UN organs which
were established by the UN Charter. EcoSoc is the principal body for coordination, policy review,
policy dialogue and recommendations on economic, social and environmental issues, as well as for
implementation of the internationally agreed development goals. It supervises the subsidiary and
expert bodies in the economic, social and environmental fields.
Government makes Aadhaar Mandatory for Opening Bank Accounts
June 16, 2017
The government has made Aadhaar mandatory for opening bank accounts as well as for carrying out
financial transactions above of Rs 50,000.
In addition, the government has asked all the existing account holders to link Aadhaar numbers to
their bank accounts by December 31, 2017. Failure to comply with this guideline will make the
account invalid.
Further, the notification issued amending the Prevention of Money-laundering (Maintenance of
Records) Rules, 2005, will require quoting of Aadhaar card mandatory along with PAN by
individuals, companies and partnership firms for all financial transactions of 50,000 or above. Before
the notification, the PMLA Rules made it mandatory to submit PAN number or Form 60 to banks
while opening accounts for high-value transactions.
Background
The Supreme Court in its recent verdict has upheld Section139AA of the Income Tax
Act,1961 which requires quoting Aadhaar number while applying for PAN card as well as for filing of
income tax returns as constitutionally valid. Following this verdict, the government has made
compulsory the submission of Aadhaar number or the applicants Aadhaar Enrolment ID for the
filing of income tax returns as well as for applications for PAN from July 1.
Section 139AA(1) of the I-T Act,1961, as introduced by the Finance Act, 2017, makes it mandatory
quoting of Aadhaar/Enrolment ID of Aadhaar application form while filing income tax returns with
effect from July 1, 2017.
Section 139AA(2) of the I-T Act provides that persons with PAN card as on the 1st day of July 2017,
and who is eligible to obtain Aadhaar should intimate his Aadhaar and in the case of non-intimation
of Aadhaar, the PAN allotted to the person shall be deemed to be invalid.
The Supreme Court has upheld Section 139AA(1) and has imposed a partial stay for the time being to
Section 139AA(2) pending resolution of the other cases before the larger bench of the Supreme
Court.

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NASA: May 2017 is the second hottest month in 137 years


June 16, 2017
According to NASA, May 2017 was the second hottest month in a span of 137 years when modern
record-keeping of average global temperatures had commenced.
The temperature of May 2017 was 0.88 degrees Celsius warmer than the mean May temperature
from 1951-1980.
May 2016 is the hottest on record with 0.93 degrees Celsius warmer than the May mean temperature.
May 2017 temperature was 0.05 degrees Celcius cooler than the temperature recorded in May 2016.
It was only 0.01 degrees Celsius warmer than the third warmest May, which occurred in 2014.
Background
NASAs Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) does the monthly analysis of global temperature
by analysing the publicly available data acquired by about 6,300 meteorological stations around the
world, ship- and buoy-based instruments measuring sea-surface temperature, as well as from the
Antarctic research stations. The modern global temperature record commenced around the year
1880.
RBI: Indias Current Account Deficit narrowed in 2016-17
June 16, 2017
According to Reserve Bank of India (RBI), Indias current account deficit (CAD) narrowed during
2016-17 fiscal owing to a contraction in the countrys trade deficit. The CAD for the last fiscal
narrowed down to 0.7% of the GDP from that of 1.1% in 2015-16 due to contraction in the trade
deficit. Countrys trade deficit narrowed down to $112.4 billion in 2016-17 from $130.1 billion in
2015-16.
Further, the net FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) inflows in 2016-17 also got narrowed to $35.6
billion from $36 billion during 2015-16.
Current Account Deficit
The current account is the net difference between inflows and outflows of foreign currencies.
Current Account transactions increase or decrease national income. It includes all transactions of
export and import of goods and services, investment income, and unilateral transfers. It consists of
two major items (a) merchandise exports (credit to home country) and imports (debit to home
country) (b) invisible exports (sale of services) and imports (purchase of services). If thesum of all
these transactions is negative then it is called as current account deficit (CAD)
June 17, 18, 2017
Helmut Kohl, father of German reunification Passes Away
June 17, 2017
Former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, who is hailed as the father of German unification has

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passed away. He was responsible for unifying Germany after the 1989 fall of the Berlin Wall despite
facing stiff resistance from Margaret Thatcher and Mikhail Gorbachev.
East and West Germany were separated post World War II. After Soviet Union relinquished control
of Eastern Europe, Helmunt Kohl worked towards unifying East and West Germany by giving
constant assurances to the Western leaders that a united Germany posed no threat.
Helmunt Kohl was the longest serving post-war chancellor of Germany since 1945. He served as
chancellor for 16 years from 1982 to 1998.
Initially Helmunt Kohl served as the chancellor of West Germany in 1982 and later became
the chancellor of Germany after reunification in 1990.
He was also the driving force behind the introduction of the euro currency in the Germany at a time
when Germans were sceptical to give up their cherished deutschemark.
Black Money: Automatic Information Sharing with Switzerland from 2019
June 17, 2017
Switzerland has ratified automatic exchange of financial account information with India and 40 other
countries. This will facilitate Switzerland to share information about suspected black money with
India and other 40 nations.
According to the Swiss Federal Council, the implementation of the exchange sharing agreement has
been planned for 2018 and hence the first set of data is likely to be exchanged in 2019. TheSwiss
Federal Council is a top governing body of Switzerland. The exact date of automatic information
exchange would be notified by the Swiss Federal Council soon as there were no procedural delays for
the implementation.
However, the Swiss banks have started seeking new safeguards so as to protect the details of their
clients against misuse that could expose them to crimes such as kidnapping or blackmail. So, the
Swiss Council had stated that they will prepare a situation report before the first exchange of data. As
per thr process, it will be ascertained whether the states and territories concerned have put in place a
standard, especially those concerning confidentiality and data security. It will be assessed whether the
democratic processes in these states and territories are robust or not and whether corruption is high
or not etc.
Background
Switzerland has long been perceived as one of the safest havens for black money stashed abroad by
Indians. The participation of Switzerland which is the worlds largest home for overseas wealth in
the information sharing agreement would be a major boost in ending tax avoidance.
As a step towards fighting black money stashed abroad, Joint Declaration for implementation of
Automatic Exchange of Information (AEOI)was signed between India and Switzerland on

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November 2016. Switzerland agreed for the introduction of the AEOI (Automatic Exchange of
information) on tax matters under the guidance of G20, OECD and other global organisations.
AEOI, based on Common Reporting Standards, when implemented fully would put in place a system
wherein bulk taxpayer information will be sent periodically from the source country of income to
the country of residence of taxpayer. It would enable India to get access to information virtually from
almost all the countries in the world including offshore financial centres.
Switzerland has said the AEOI will be implemented based on the Multilateral Competent
Authority Agreement (MCAA) on the Automatic Exchange of Financial Account Information
(AEOI). The MCAA is based on the international standard for the exchange of information
developed by the OECD. India, on its part has promised to safeguard the confidentiality of the data
received.
India joined the Multilateral Competent Authority Agreement on Automatic Exchange of Financial
Account Information on 3rd June, 2015. According to the OECD,MCAA is a multilateral
framework agreement that provides a standardised and efficient mechanism to facilitate the
automatic exchange of information and avoids the need for the conclusion of several bilateral
agreements.

Black money is that amount of money which is liable for taxation, but on which tax is
not paid or evaded. It is usually received in cash from underground economic activity
and, as such, is not taxed.

Australias Vivid Sydney enters Guinness World Records for Maximum Number of
light installations
June 17, 2017
The Worlds largest festival of light, music and ideas, Vivid Sydney has entered into Guinness World
Book of Records. The Guinness World Record have given the Vivid Sydney installation Dreamscape
the title for the Largest interactive lighting display.
Vivid Sydney installation Dreamscape has been made up of 124,128 lights and links the entire
Circular Quay precinct beginning from the Sydney Opera House to the Sydney Harbour Bridge into
one cohesive canvas of light. Moreover, 3D interactive modelling present in the control room in
Circular Quay allows the participants to change the color, texture and pattern of the lighting across
the cityscape.With this record, the Vivid Sydney has trumped its own 2016 predecessor, Dress
circle that Circular Quay. This year the Vivid Sydney had added an additional one km of lights to
achieve the record.
With this record, the Vivid Sydney has trumped its own 2016 predecessor, Dress Circle which also

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illuminated the Circular Quay. This year the Vivid Sydney had added an additional one km of lights
to achieve this record.
Vivid Sydney
Vivid Sydney is an annual outdoor lighting festival held in Sydney city of Australia. The festival
includes immersive light installations and projections as well as performances from local and
international musicians. The festival takes place over a period of three weeks in the winter
months of May and June. The highlight of the festival are the light sculpture
and multimedia interactive works that will transform various buildings and landmarks around the
Sydney Central Business District such as Opera House, Harbour Bridge into a cohesive canvas of
light.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurates Kochi Metro


June 17, 2017
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated Kochi Metro, which will beKeralas first metro
line. The Construction of the Kochi Metro which was entrusted to the DMRC has been completed
in a record four-year period. Prime Minister has inaugurated the first phase of the metro with 13.2
km out of the total 25 km stretch. The Kochi Metro will be the countrys eighth inter-city metro rail
project.
Salient Highlights
Kochi Metro is Indias first integrated multi-mode transport system. The system will also provide
boat rides with water transport as a feeder service to the rail corridor.
Kochi Metro is the first public transport system that has reserved jobs for the transgenders. The
Metro has so far employed 23 transgenders in various departments. Further, a majority of the staff in
Kochi Metro will be women. Nearly 1,000 women have been selected to work in Kochi Metro. The
trains will also be driven mainly by women drivers.
The first phase of the metro with 11 stations covering 13km is the longest first phase of a metro to
be inaugurated.
The Kochi Metro is the first in the country to use Communication Based Train Control technology
for maximising train frequencies and minimising errors.
Each station of the Kochi Metro will showcase a theme, such as maritime history, western ghats etc.
With the help of solar panels, the Kochi Metro plans to meet 35% of its power requirements. With
this, it has become the first metro in the country to use solar power to meet a quarter of its electricity
requirement.
The project cost of Kochi Metro is Rs 5,180 crore.
The Kochi Metro is thecountys first fully integrated metro.By purchasing a single ticket,

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commuters will be able to travel in feeder services along road and water.
In a first, Kochi Metro will offer free wi-fi in its coaches and its stations.
India-Afghanistan Air freight Corridor to Open Up Soon
June 17, 2017
India and Afghanistan are set to operationalize their first air-freight corridor in the coming days. The
first flight will be operated by Ariana Afghan Airlines, which is the Afghanistans national carrier.
The flight which will initially operate once or twice in a month will carry commodities to and from
Delhi. Depending upon the supply needs, the frequency of the flight will be increased.

India-Afghanistan discussed the idea of commencing the air-freight corridor during the visit of
Afghan President Ashraf Ghanis visit last year.
The key elements of Indias Afghanistan policy include friendly relations with afghan factions, tacit
support for anti-Taliban forces, more focus on economic engagement than military engagement,
humanitarian and development assistance etc.
Significance
This development has assumed significance at the backdrop of Pakistans denial to use its land for
trade between India and Afghanistan. The air freight corridor will be used by the private sector in
Afghanistan to increase its exports to the vast Indian market by air with minimum costs. It will also
enable the traders to circumvent the obstacles posed by Pakistan in the land route.

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External Affairs Minister inaugurates KIP for Young Overseas Indians


June 17, 2017
External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj has inaugurated Know India Programme (KIP) for NRI
and PIO youth with a view to provide them with an exposure to the country of their origin so that
they can understand India better and more closely. External Affairs Minister has alsolaunched a
portal for the Know India Programme (KIP).
The government has also announced the openings of 149 new post office passport seva kendras in
the country (POPSK). The Ministry has announced that it is taking measures to open more passport
seva kendras so that a person need not travel more than 50 kilometeres to get his/her passport.
POPSKs is an initiative undertaken jointly by the MEA and the Department of Post.
Know India Programme (KIP)
Know India Programme is an initiative of the Ministry of External Affairs for the Persons of Indian
Origin (PIO) between the age group of 18 to 30 years.
The Know India Programme is a three-week orientation programme which is aimed at promoting
awareness on different facets of life in India as well as the progress made by the country in fields such
as economic and education.
The KIP offers a platform for the young PIOs to visit India share their views, expectations and
experiences and forge closer bonds with the India of present times.
The scheme was launched in 2004 and has so far had 40 editions in which some 1,293 PIO youths
have participated.
In the year 2016, the scheme was revamped to extend the number of days from 21 to 25 days
including a 10-day visit to one or two states. Also from 2016, six KIPs are being organised by the
Ministry of External Affairs in a year.
June 17: World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought
June 17, 2017
The World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought is observed every year on June 17 to
promote public awareness to combat desertification.
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had designated June 17 as the World Day to Combat
Desertification and Drought in 1994. It was observed for the first time in 1995. The day is observed
globally to promote public awareness on the issue, and the implementation of the United Nations
Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in those countries experiencing serious
desertification or drought, particularly in Africa.
This years theme for World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought is Our Land. Our Home.
Our Future. This edition will examine the link between land degradation and migration. Among

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others, Poverty, political instability, deforestation, overgrazing and bad irrigation practices are
responsible for desertification. They have increased the number of international migrants worldwide
who have increased from 173 million in 2000 to 244 million in 2015.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development especially the Goal 15 emphasises the need to halt
and reverse land degradation.
Desertification
Desertification refers to degradation of land in arid, semi-arid, and dry sub-humid areasdue to an
array of factors. The direct impact of desertification is reduced biodiversity. The reasons are many
such as climatic changes such as drought, or human such as overgrazing. Desertification is a major
economic, social and environmental problem of concern to many countries in all regions of the
world. In 1977, the United Nations Conference on Desertification (UNCOD) adopted a Plan of
Action to Combat Desertification (PACD).
On 17 June 1994, on the basis of the direct recommendation of Agenda 21, United Nations
Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or
Desertification, Particularly in Africa was adopted in Paris. The permanent Secretariat of the
UNCCD was established during the first Conference of the Parties (COP 1) held in Rome in 1997. It
has been located in Bonn, Germany since January 1999.
Fact Box: James Webb Space Telescope & its First Targets
June 17, 2017
Mission officials for NASAs James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) have announced the initial
science targets for the James Webb Space Telescope. The JWST has been scheduled to look at a large
number of things in the universe including icy moons, distant exoplanets and galaxy clusters. It will
look at very first galaxies after the Big Bang, search for fingerprints of life on Enceladus, Europa, and
exoplanets like TRAPPIST-1e etc. As a part of the initial observations, 2100 observations has been
planned for the JWST by the mission handlers.
JWST, being the most powerful telescope designed and built on Earth is scheduled to be launched in
October 2018 on an Ariane 5 rocket from French Guiana.
James Webb Space Telescope
JWST is a joint project of theNASA, the European Space Agency and the Canadian Space
Agency. The Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) in Baltimorewill conduct Webb science
operations.
The JWST will be the successor of 26-year-old Hubble Space Telescope. JWST is 100 times powerful
than the Hubble Space Telescope and will be the largest telescope ever sent into space. JWST will
have a very large infrared telescope with a 6.5-meter primary mirror. Its sun shield is 22 metres
which is roughly the size of a tennis court and has a mirror 6.5 metres which is over twice the size of

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the Hubble Space Telescope.


The JWST is named after the former NASA administrator, James Webb. JWST was formerly known
as the Next Generation Space Telescope (NGST).
In November 2016, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) had completed the
construction of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) after more than 20 years of work.
Instruments of JWST include Cameras and spectrometers that are able to record extremely faint
signals. NIRSpec having programmable micro-shutters for observation of up to 100 objects.
Cryocooler for cooling the mid-infrared detectors.
June 19, 2017
K Srikanth wins Indonesian Open
June 19, 2017
Indias Kidambi Srikanth has lifted the Indonesia Open Super Series badminton title at Jakarta by
defeating Japans Kazumasa Sakai in straight sets 21-11, 21-19. For Srikanth who is currently World
No. 22 this is a big title win. It is Srikanths third Super Series title after 2014 China Open and 2015
India Open.
Indonesian Open Super Seriesis an annual badminton tournament organised by Persatuan
Bulutangkis Seluruh Indonesia (PBSI). The tournament was first conducted in 1982. It has become
part of the BWF Superseries in 2007 and earned the Superseries Premier Status in 2011.
NASAs Orion Spacecraft Clears Safety Tests
June 19, 2017
NASAs Orion Spacecraft which has been designed to carry astronauts to deep space destinations like
Moon and Mars has successfully carried out a series of tests to test its critical safety systems.
Salient Highlights
NASA test fired Orions launch abort system by firing the 17-foot tall motor for five seconds. The test
was successful as the motor produced enough thrust and thus qualifying for future missions with
astronauts.
The launch abort system which is positioned on top of the Orion crew module is a vital component
of Orions spacecraft making sure crew members remain safe on the launch pad. It plays a critical role
in making sure the crews travelling to deep space destinations remain safe inside the
Orion spacecraft.
The launch abort model is responsible for propelling the crew module away from the Space Launch
System rocket in case of an emergency, The launch motor will send the crew module to a safe
distance away from a failing rocket and will orient the module for a safe descent into the Atlantic
Ocean in case such an eventuality ever occurs.

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During the test, the researchers also evaluated the performance of the parachutes which will ensure
that the crew module safely descends to earth.
Orion Spacecraft
The Orion Multi-purpose Crew Vehicle was announced to be built by NASA on May 24, 2011. The
new spacecraft is currently under development. NASA has named the Orion spacecraft after the
largest constellation in the night sky. NASA is building the Orion spacecraft by making use of its 50
years experience in spaceflight research and development.
The Orion spacecraft will be designed to cater to NASAs deep space exploration programs.
According to NASA, it will be the safest and most advanced spacecraft ever built and will offer
emergency abort capability, sustain the crew during space travel and will offer safe re-entry from
deep space return velocities.
China to send Mini-Ecosystems to the Moon
June 19, 2017
China is planning to send mini-ecosystems comprising of potato seeds and silkworm eggs to the
Moon by next year. The move is aimed at studying how the organisms develop in Moon.
Salient Highlights
The 3-kilogramme mini-ecosystem will be developed by research teams under the leadership
of Chongqing University in China.
The mini-ecosystems would be sent to the moon by Change 4 which is scheduled to be launched in
2018.
The potato seeds and silkworm eggs would be placed in an 18-centimetre-tall cylinder. According to
the researchers, the silkworms will hatch and create carbon dioxide, while the potato plants will
generate oxygen.
The main objective behind this mission is to prepare for future moon landings and possible human
inhabitants. China is preparing for a planned mission to the Moon.
In addition, the researchers have decided to live stream the development of plants and insects to the
whole world.
ISROs Mars Orbiter Mission completes 1000 Earth Days in Orbit
June 19, 2017
ISROs Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) completes 1000 earth days in orbit. The orbiter has outlived
its lifespan which is more than 5 times the number of days the orbiter was designated to last in orbit.
The MOM has at present completed 388 orbits of Mars and has sent 715 images back to earth.
According to the scientists, the MOM is in good health and shows no signs of slowing down.
India has plans to send Mangalyaan 2.0 and a new mission to Venus after 2020.

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MOM
The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) was launched into space on November 5, 2013, from Satish
Dhawan Space Centre using a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket C25.The MOM entered
into the orbit of Mars on September 2014. The Mangalyaan was built in a fraction of the cost of
similar space missions launched by NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA). It was indigenously
designed, built and launched by ISRO in a record period of fewer than two years in 450 crore rupees
(73 million US dollars) budget which is considered as cheapest inter-planetary mission till date to
reach Mars.
The spacecraft has five instruments mounted on it for collecting scientific data of Mars morphology,
atmospheric processes, surface temperature, surface geology and atmospheric escape process. These
five instruments are Lyman-Alpha Photometer (LAP), Methane Sensor for Mars (MSM), Mars
Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyser (MENCA), Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (TIS)
and Mars Colour Camera (MCC)In September 2014, India created a space history by becoming
In September 2014, India created a space history by becoming thefirst nation in the world to
successfully launch an interplanetary mission to Mars in a maiden attempt. ISRO also become first
Asian and fourth space agency in the world to reach Mars orbit after the Roscosmos of Russia,
NASA and European Space Agency.
Fact Box: Ram Nath Kovind
June 19, 2017
Bihar Governor Ram Nath Kovind has been chosen by the National Democratic Alliance as its
Presidential Candidate.
Facts
The 71-year-old lawyer turned politician Ram Nath Kovind is a commerce graduate and LLB from
the Kanpur University in Uttar Pradesh. Kovind practised law in Delhi High Court and the Supreme
Court for 16 years. He practised in the Delhi high court from 1977 to 1979 and became an Advocate-
on-Record of the Supreme Court of India in 1978. He was also the central governments standing
counsel in the Supreme Court from 1980 to 1993. Kovind stepped into politics in 1984 after elected
to Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh. He had served for two consecutive terms till March 2006. During
his parliamentary tenure,
Kovind stepped into politics in 1984 after elected to Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh. He had served
for two consecutive terms till March 2006. During his parliamentary tenure, Kovind has served in
several parliamentary committees including the Parliamentary Committee on Welfare of Scheduled
Castes/Tribes, Parliamentary Committee on Social Justice and Empowerment, among others.
Kovind has represented India in the United Nations and addressed United Nations General Assembly
in October, 2002.

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On August 8, 2015, Kovind was appointed as the governor of Bihar. He had also served as the
member of the Board of Management of Dr. B.R Ambedkar University, Lucknow and the Board of
Governors of Indian Institute of Management, Kolkata.
Presidential Election-Facts
For the election of the President, the electoral college comprises of the elected members of both
Houses of Parliament and elected members of the legislative assemblies of all states, besides Delhi and
Puducherry. In a total, 4,896 voters will vote in the election.
Nominated members of the Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha and legislative assemblies will not have voting
rights in the presidential election.
Polling for Presidential elections will take place in Parliament House and on the premises of
legislative assemblies. The election shall be by secret ballot.
For the presidential elections, political parties cannot issue any whip to their MPs and MLAs.
The nomination paper of a candidate has to be subscribed by at least 50 electors as proposers
and another 50 electors as seconders.
MPs and MLAs do not have one vote each but their votes are equal to the average number of people
they represent. Since MPs represent the whole country they have more votes, and MLAs have fewer
votes than MPs as they represent only the people in their states. This is called proportional
representation.
The president is elected for a term of 5 years. He may terminate his own term by writing a
resignation addressed to Vice President. He can be removed from the office ONLY by impeachment.
He is eligible to re-elected for the same office for unlimited times.
GST: Anti-profiteering Panel to be set up
June 19, 2017
The GST Council headed by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley comprising of state finance
ministers as members have decided to set up a five-member anti-profiteering authority to decide on
levying the penalty if businesses do not pass on the benefit of price reduction to consumers under
GST regime. The GST Council has also approved the anti-profiteering rules.
Salient Highlights
The anti-profiteering committee would be headed by retired a secretary-level officer. The
authority would ask the businesses to pass on the benefit of price reduction on a proportionate basis
to consumers. Apart from the chairman, the other members of the committee will be joint secretary-
level officers who have been commissioners in central excise and service tax either at the Centre or
states.
The government will constitute a search-cum-selection committee for finalising the members of the
anti-profiteering authority.

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In cases where consumers cannot be identified, the amount would be credited to the consumer
welfare fund.
The committee would be given powers to take Suo Motu action, besides acting on complaints of
profiteering. The complaints of profiteering will initially come to the Standing Committee
constituting of tax officials from states and the Centre. Then the complaint will be forwarded to the
Directorate of Safeguards (DGS) for investigation, which will take about 2-3 months to complete the
inquiry. After the investigation, the report would be submitted to the anti-profiteering authority
which will take a decision on the penalty.
The anti-profiteering authority will have a sunset date of two years and will decide on the penalty to
be levied.
Section 171 of the Central GST Act provides that reduction in tax rate has to be passed on to the
customers by way of commensurate reduction in prices.
Mobile App Celebrating Yoga Launched
June 19, 2017
Minister for Science & Technology Dr. Harshvardhan has launched a Mobile App Celebrating
Yoga. The Mobile App has been developed by Department of Science & Technology, Ministry of
Science & Technology on the occasion of International Yoga Day 2017. The aim of the app is to
popularise Yoga and encourage people to practice yoga for a scientifically healthy living.
In 2015, the Department of Science & Technology (DST) had also launched a research programme
Science and Technology of Yoga and Meditation (SATYAM) under its Cognitive Science Research
Initiative (CSRI).
Salient Highlights
Celebrating Yoga App provides a platform to share information and create awareness into the
participation of yoga events on the occasion of the International Yoga Day 2017.
The mobile app will help in capturing mass yoga events being organised in public places, schools and
office complexes across the country.
The app will be connected with Google Map where shared information can be viewed by the app
users.The information gathered by the mobile app will be shared with the Ministry of AYUSH to
complement their efforts.
The information gathered by the mobile app will be shared with the Ministry of AYUSH to
complement its efforts.
Fact Box: Environmental Impact Survey
June 19, 2017
India has been ranked 75th out of 102 countries in a list that ranks the countries in terms of the
human impact on environment per person. The ranking has been done by MoneySuperMarket, a

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UK-based financial services website.


The ranking has been made based on the impact the citizens have on the environment by taking into
account energy consumption, air pollution, waste production, reliance on non-renewable energy, the
carbon dioxide emissions per capita, wastewater treatment capacity, municipal solid waste
generated and tree cover loss etc. Of all the parameters, the most weight has been given to Carbon
dioxide emissions, municipal solid waste and energy consumption.
Salient Highlights
Top 10 Performers: Mozambique (1st), Ethiopia (2nd), Zambia (3rd), Latvia (4th), Kenya (5th),
Albania (6th), Ghana (7th), Tajikistan (8th), Nepal (9th), Colombia (10th).
Worst Performers: Trinidad and Tobago (102nd), United States (101st), Sri Lanka (100th), Ireland
(99th), Canada (98th), China (97th), Australia (96th), South Africa (95th), Cyprus (94th), Malaysia
(93rd).
Mozambique has topped the list as it derives almost all of its energy from green sources.
India, on the other hand, has been placed at 75th place as its renewable energy sources make up only
15.2% of all energy sources used.
The US has been placed second last on the list at the 101st position as the U.S. per capita carbon
dioxide emissions are 17 tonnes per capita. Further, the country generates 2.58 kgs of municipal solid
waste per person, and the energy consumption is 312.79 BTU per capita. Also, its reliance on
renewable sources are even lower than India at 12.56%
India, on the other hand, generates 1.7 tonnes of carbon dioxide per capita (between 1990 and 2011),
0.34 kgs of municipal solid waste generated per day per person, and energy consumption at 19.75
BTU (British Thermal Unit.) India has been ranked poorly due to its low reliance on renewable
energy (15.2%).
Trinidad and Tobago has been ranked last as it hardly relies on any green energy sources. Africa as a
continent has topped the list.
June 19, 20, 2017
Lockheed and Tata sign Pact to make F-16 Planes in India
June 20, 2017

Lockheed Martin and Indias Tata Advanced Systems have signed a pact to produce F-16 fighter
planes in India. The two companies have announced their agreement at the Paris Airshow.
Lockheed Martins move to forge a joint venture with Tata is aimed at winning billions of dollars
worth order from the Indian military.
Lockheed Martin is one of the largest aerospace, defense, security, and advanced technologies

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companies having worldwide interests. It is headquartered in Maryland. The company was formed
after the merger of Lockheed Corporation and Martin Marietta in 1995.
Background
Indias airforce is in requirement of hundreds of aircraft inorder ro replace its soviet-era aircrafts.
But Prime Minister Narendra Modis Make-in-India initiative require the foreign suppliers to
forge partnership with a local partner to make planes and build a domestic industrial base in India.
This is aimed at cutting outright imports.
But Make-in-India initiative appears to be in conflict with President Donald Trumps America First
campaign under which Trump wants the companies to invest in the United States and create jobs
instead of establishing factories abroad. To allay these concerns, both the companies have said
that moving the production base to India would still retain jobs in the United States.
Establishing a production base in India for the manufacture of F-16 will create new manufacturing
jobs in India and is expected to position Indian industry at the centre of the most extensive fighter
aircraft supply ecosystem in the world,
Swedens Saab is the other contender to supply aircraft to the Indian Air Force. The company has
offered to make its Gripen fighter in India. However, it is yet to announce a local partner In India.
Gripen fighters are pitched as a modern alternative to the F-16s.
US and India have built a close defence relationship in recent years. US along with Russia and Israel
has emerged as a top three arms supplier to India. F-16s are flown by air forces by 26 countries
around the world. In addition, Lockheed Martin is offering model Block 70 which is the most
modern of all F-16s.
India ratifies UN TIR Convention in a bid to Counter Chinas OBOR
June 20, 2017
India has become the 71st nation to join the United Nations TIR (Transports Internationaux
Routiers) Convention. Indias decision to join the convention is part of its multi-modal transport
strategy that aims at integrating Indian economy with global and regional production networks
through better connectivity.
In March 2017, Union Cabinet had approved Indias accession to the Customs Convention on
International Transport of Goods under TIR Convention. The UN has confirmed that the TIR
Convention will enter into force in India in 6 months.
TIR
The Customs Convention on International Transport of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets, 1975
(TIR Convention) is an international customs transit systemunder the auspices of the United
Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) with the widest geographical coverage. It is

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more than a transport convention. At present, there are 70 parties to the convention including the
European Union.
The TIR is managed and developed byInternational Road Transport Union (IRU) which is the
world road transport organisation. The TIR procedure facilitates movement of goods under customs
control across international borders without the payment of the duties and taxes. It provides a
robust guarantee mechanism facilitating the higher growth of Intra-regional trade.
Significance
Accession to TIR will help India in implementing the World Trade Organizations Trade Facilitation
Agreement which it has already entered into this year.
With Chinas ambitious One Belt One Road (OBOR) project, India has no other option other than
to join TIR if it wants to be counted as a serious rising power. China is already a TIR member.
Accession to TIR will ensure enhanced security in the supply chain as it allows only approved
transporters and vehicles to operate under the terms of the Convention.
The Indian traders will get access to fast, reliable and hassle-free international system for movement
of goods by road or multi-modal means.
It will improve Indias cross-border road transport. On the eastern front, it will help in integrating
with Myanmar, Thailand, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal. On the western front, it will help in
transporting cargo along the International North-South Transport Corridor via Chabahar port in
Iran. Further, it will give access to landlocked Afghanistan and the energy-rich Eurasian region.
It can help in implementing the Bangladesh-Bhutan-India-Nepal (BBIN) Motor Vehicles Agreement
by addressing policy incompatibility issues among the BBIN nations.
Energy Conservation Building Code 2017 Launched
June 20, 2017
Minister of State for Power, Coal, New and Renewable Energy and Mines has launched the Energy
Conservation Building Code 2017 (ECBC 2017). This updated version of the Code prescribes the
energy performance standards for new commercial buildings to be constructed across India.
Salient Highlights
The Energy Conservation Building Code 2017 (ECBC 2017) has been developed by Ministry of
Power and Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) with technical support from the United States Agency
for International Development (USAID) under the U.S.-India bilateral Partnership to Advance Clean
Energy Deployment Technical Assistance (PACE-D TA) Program.
The code provides present as well as futuristic advancements in building technology to cut
down building energy consumption and promote low-carbon growth.
The code sets clear criteria for builders, designers and architects to integrate renewable energy
sources in building design through the inclusion of passive design strategies.

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ECBC 2017 aims to optimise energy savings with the comfort levels for occupants. The code aims to
achieve energy neutrality in commercial buildings.
Apart from the current and futuristic advancements in building technology, the new code takes into
account market changes, and energy demand scenario of the country. The code has been set in such a
way that it will set a benchmark for Indian buildings to be amongst some of the most efficient
globally.
To be ECBC-compliant, the new buildings should be able to demonstrate minimum energy savings
of 25%. Energy savings of 35% and 50% will enable the buildings to achieve higher grades like ECBC
Plus or Super ECBC status respectively.
The adoption of ECBC 2017 is expected to achieve a 50% reduction in energy use by 2030 which will
translate into energy savings of about 300 Billion Units by 2030. It will result in expenditure savings
of Rs 35,000 crore and reduction of 250 million tonnes of CO2.
Mumbais Taj Mahal Palace Hotel acquires Image Trademark
June 20, 2017
Mumbais Taj Mahal Palace hotel has acquired an i mage trademark under the Trademark Act of
1999, making it is the first building in the country to acquire intellectual property rights protection
for its architectural design. Henceforth, the image of Taj Mahal Palace hotels dome and exterior can
be used only with the consent of Taj Hotels Palaces Resorts Safaris.
The hotel which was opened on December 16, 1903, has a distinctive red-tiled Florentine Gothic
dome and sits 240 feet above the street level. The dome for a long time has been used by the Indian
Navy as a `triangulation point which guides its vessels to the harbour. The architects of the dome
have modelled it on the dome of the Victoria Terminus (now Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus).
The Taj Mahal Palace hotel has hosted many celebrities like Neil Armstrong, John Lennon and
Barack Obama.
The other trademarked properties around the world include Empire State Building in New York, the
Eiffel Tower in Paris and Sydney Opera House in Australia.
Trademark Act of 1999
The Trade Marks Act of 1999 replaced the The Trade and Merchandise Marks Act of 1958 as the current
governing law relating to registered trademarks. The Act deals with the precise nature of rights
one can acquire in respect of trademarks.
Henceforth, as the Taj Mahal Palace hotel has acquired image trademark, no one can use the Taj
Mahal Palaces images for commercial purposes without paying the company a licensing
fee. Violators are liable to be prosecuted. However, the locals and tourists can click pictures of the
iconic building as long as they do not use it for commercial benefits.

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NASAs Kepler Telescope finds 10 Earth-Like Planets


June 20, 2017
NASAs Kepler Telescope has identified 10 Earth-like planets outside the solar system that are
expected to host life due to their right size and temperature. This finding is a boost in the hope for
life elsewhere.

Exoplanet: It is a planet that does not orbit the Sun and instead orbits a different star,
stellar remnant, or brown dwarf. It is also termed as extrasolar planet.

After an extensive search carried out for four years, NASAs Kepler space telescope has detected a
total of 49 planets in the Goldilocks zone. This number is set to increase as Kepler telescope has so
far looked only in one quarter of one percent of a galaxy that holds about 200 billion of stars.

Goldilocks Zone refers to a habitable zone where the temperature is neither too high
nor too low.

NASA has announced the discovery of 10 planets as a part of 219 new planets identified by the
Kepler telescope as part of the final batch of planets since Kepler was launched in 2009. Keplers
main mission got ended in 2013 after two of its four wheels that control its orientation in space got
failed.
Kepler has identified more than 4,000 planet candidates and confirmed more than half of them. The
number of potentially habitable planets could be lot more as Kepler was only able to identify only
those planets that move between the telescope vision and its star.
By using Kepler and other methods, scientists have discovered around 3,600 exoplanets and about 62
potentially habitable planets.
With the launch of James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) by NASA in 2018, chances of studying
planets and detecting a familiar atmosphere will increase manifold. JWST will succeed the Hubble
space telescope.
Kepler Space Telescope
Kepler Space Telescope (KST) is an unmanned space observatory launched in 2009 by National
Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). It is tasked with determining how many Earth-like
planets occur throughout the Milky Way galaxy. It has been designed for a statistical mission and not
to probe into the environmental conditions of planets that exist in the so-called Goldilocks zone
(Habitable zone) of their stars.
Reliance Defence inks Pact with Serbias Yugoimport to Manufacture

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Ammunition in India
June 20, 2017
Anil Ambanis Reliance Defence Ammunition which is a subsidiary of Relianc
Infrastructure has entered into a strategic partnership with Serbias state-run Yugoimport to
manufacture ammunition in India. The joint venture is expected to target business opportunities
worth Rs 20,000 crore from Indian armed forces in the next 10 years.
Salient Highlights
The two companies will work jointly in the field of ammunition amongst others. Both the
companies would undertake joint development of next generation ammunition to cater to the needs
of the future requirements of the Indian armed forces.
The proposal also involves the transfer of technology by the original equipment manufacturers
(OEMs) and indigenous manufacturing in India.
Reliance Defence Ammunition will set up a greenfield facility for the production of ammunition.
India at present imports around 50% of its ammunition with an annual spending of more than Rs
10,000 crore.
Yugoimport is Serbias state-owned defence major and is a market leader in the field of ammunition
production. Prime Minister Narendra Modis Make-in-India initiative requires building a domestic
industrial base in India. This is aimed at cutting outright imports. Accordingly, Yugoimport has
offered a fully compliant technical solution to meet the Make in India requirements of the Indian
government.
India and Portugal inks Agreement to Promote Cooperation in The Field of
Archives
June 20, 2017
India and Portugal have signed a protocol of cooperation in the field of archives. The agreement has
been signed between the National Archives of India and the Ministry of Culture of the Portuguese
Republic in Lisbon, Portugal.
Salient Highlights
As a part of the Cooperation, the Torre do Tombo (National Archives of Portugal) has handed over
digital copies of 62 volumes of the collection known as Moncoes do Reino (Monsoon
correspondence) to the National Archives of India. These volumes were originally part of over 456
volumes which is the largest of all record collections in the Goa State Archives. The collection
consists of direct correspondence from Lisbon to Goa and covers the period from 1568 to 1914.
These volumes serve as the most important primary source for the study of the Portuguese
expansion in Asia and their trade rivalries with the Arabs and European powers as well as their
relations with neighbouring Kings in South Asia and East Asia.

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In 1777, 62 volumes out of the 456 comprising over 12,000 documents, belonging to the period from
1605 to 1651 were shifted from Goa to Lisbon. At Lisbon, these volumes were subsequently got
printed under the title Documentos Remetidos da India(Documents sent from India) by the
Academy of Science at Lisbon between 1880 and 1893. Since then the original volumes had remained
in Lisbon.
After a gap of 240 years, Director General of Books, Archives and Libraries has handed over a set of
digital images of the missing volumes of the Moncoes do Reino series to India.
Background
From 1505 to 1961, some territories of India remained under Portuguese State of India (Estado da
India) or Portuguese India (ndia Portuguesa). The Indian empire of Portuguese was mainly confined
in isolated colonies in both East and West Coast of India and was part of Portuguese possessions in
Asia, East Africa and Pacific.
Earlier, during the visit of Prime Minister of Portugal to India as the chief Guest of 2017 Pravasi
Bharatiya Divas in January, India and Portugal had signed sixmemorandam of understandings
(MoUs) including in defence cooperation.
ISRO to launch Earth Observation Satellite
June 20, 2017
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is all set to launch earth observation satellite Cartosat-2
series weighing 712 kg and 30 nano-satellites using Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV).
Salient Highlights
Out of the 30 nano-satellites, 29 will be of foreign origin and one will be of Indias. The 29 nano-
satellites will be from 14 countries such as Austria, Belgium, Britain, Chile, Czech Republic, Finland,
France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, and the US. These 29 satellites will be
launched by ISRO as part of the commercial arrangements between ISROs commercial arm, the
Antrix Corporation Ltd with these nations.
The 30 satellites will together weigh 243 kg. The total weight of the 31 satellites would be 955
kg. The PSLV-XL will be launched from the Sriharikota rocket port.
The rockets will be placed into a 505 km polar sunsynchronous orbit (SSO).
This will be the seventeenth flight of PSLV in XL configuration. It uses solid strap-on motors.
PSLV
Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) is the third generation launch vehicle of India which is hailed
as the reliable and versatile workhorse launch vehicle of India. PSLVs first successful launch took
place in October 1994. Since then the launch vehicle has 38 consecutively successful missions by
February 2017. It has launched 46 Indian satellites and 180 foreign satellites between 1994-2017.
PSLV is also Indias first launch vehicle to be equipped with liquid stages. There are three variants of

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PSLV, namely, PSLV-G, PSLV-CA, PSLV-XL.


PSLV was used to successfully launch Chandrayaan-1 in 2008 and Mars Orbiter Spacecraft in 2013.
June 21, 2017
Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute bags PMs Yoga Award
June 21, 2017
Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute, Pune has become thefirst recipient of the Prime
Ministers Award for outstanding contribution to promotion and development of Yoga.
Salient Facts
PMs Yoga Award was instituted at the 2nd International Day of Yoga celebrations at Chandigarh by
Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Prime Minister had instituted the award for promoting the ancient
Indian spiritual discipline. The Ministry of AYUSH framed guidelines for the awards and
constituted two committees, namely, screening committee (for preliminary evaluation) and
evaluation committee (Jury).
The Institute has been selected from among 85 nominations and 15 more recommended by the
Screening Committee. The Award was recommended by an Evaluation Committee (Jury) under the
Chairmanship of the Cabinet Secretary.
Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute has worked to spread Yoga both domestically and
internationally over a period of four decades. It has also published a number of books on yoga which
has been translated into multiple languages.
First Indigenously built Floating Dock Launched by L&T
June 21, 2017
Larsen & Toubro has launched the first indigenously built Floating Dock (FDN-2) to repair Indian
Navy ships at its Shipyard at Kattupalli, north of Chennai. The floating shipyard would be handed
over to the Indian Navy after conducting three to four months of trial.
Salient Highlights
After the trials, FDN-2 will be moved to Andaman & Nicobar Islands. There it would be used for
repairing assets of the Indian Navy and also of other services. These floating docks are capable of
being installed either along a jetty, moored in calm waters and also moved to high seas enabling
round-the-year operation.
FDN-2 will be capable of repairing up to 8,000-tonne ships with draught up to 7 metres, including
submarine
FDN-2 will be capable of simultaneous docking of multiple ships. In addition, off-center docking
options were also feasible. It has hauling-in system to handle a ships docking and undocking
operations. It can also cater to the ships berthed along its side. At any point of time, FDN-2 can cater
to six ships for repairs or refit.

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The FDN-2 is a wholly Made in India product. The 468 crore FDN-2 was lowered into the Bay of
Bengal by Anjali Deshpande, wife of the Vice-Admiral Controller Warship Production and
Acquisition of Indian Navy, DM Deshpande.
Background
FDN-2 is the first Naval shipbuilding project for L&T. L&T has been undertaking repairs and refits
of Naval and Coast Guard ships. It has delivered six ship refits including the largest Logistics Tanker
ship INS Jyoti. L&T has so far invested around Rs 5,000 crore in the Kattupalli Shipyard.
China unveils Worlds First Train that runs on Virtual Tracks
June 21, 2017
China has unveiled worlds first train that runs on a virtual track making use of sensor technology
instead of metal rails.
Salient Highlights
The new trains are non-polluting as they are battery powered.
The train is capable of reaching a top speed of 70 kmph and can travel a distance of 25 km by just
charging for 10 minutes.
The train which is only about 32 metres long can carry up to 307 passengers.
The new trains are fitted with sensors which are capable of detecting the dimensions of the road
permitting it to follow the routes without the need for metal rails. So it can run without the presence
of tracks. The new trains will make use of rubber wheels on a plastic core and can be automatically
guided without rails. This new technology has been copyrighted by the Chinese rail corporation.
The train will be rolled out for public use in 2018. It will be launched in the Chinese city of Zhuzhou
in a bid to help to deal with traffic in the area.
The new train is expected to have a lifespan of around 25 years.
The cost of the new train is only a fifth of the price of a traditional subway system.
June 21: International Yoga Day
June 21, 2017
June 21st is annually celebrated as International Yoga Day since the year 2015. This year, the 3rd
International Day of Yoga is being observed. The purpose of the yoga day is to promote yoga and
make it as a part of peoples daily routine.
The President of India, Pranab Mukherjee has inaugurated a mass yoga demonstration to
commemorate the 3rd International Day of Yoga at Rashtrapati Bhavan.
According to UN, this year Yoga Days theme is Yoga for Health. The theme has been chosen to
highlight the fact that yoga can contribute in a holistic way to achieving an equilibrium between
mind and body.
To mark the celebrations, massive Yoga practice sessions and demonstrations were being held in

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several places across the country and the world. This year many organisations are organising events
to create a Guinness World Record by forming longest human chains and other Yoga related
activities. In total, around 5,000 events have been scheduled to take place in about 180
countries. Some of the countries in which yoga day are celebrated are China, UK, the US,
Bangladesh, South Africa etc. Indian high commissions around the world have organised many mass
yoga demonstrations at various parts of the world. To mark the occasion, the headquarters of the
United Nations in New York has been lit up with images of yoga postures.
Background
The first International Yoga Day (IYD) was celebrated across the world on 21 June 2015.
The idea of celebrating the International Yoga Day was pitched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at
the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in September 2014. In December 2014, UNGA had
unanimously adopted an India-led resolution to observe 21st June as International Day of Yoga.
This resolution was adopted under the agenda of Global Health and Foreign Policy. The date 21st
June was selected because it represents one of the two solstices and is the longest day in the Northern
Hemisphere which has special significance in many parts of the world.
NASA tests ROSA on Space Station for First Time
June 21, 2017
NASA is testing the effectiveness of a flexible solar array, the Roll-Out Solar Array, or ROSA, on
space station for the very first time. ROSA is expected to one day power satellites and spacecraft.
NASA had earlier tested the ROSA technology in vacuum chambers on the Earth but this is the first
time it is testing the technology in space.
Salient Facts
ROSA is an advanced, flexible solar array that rolls out like a tape measure. The ROSA is very much
flexible so that it can be adapted to different sizes including very large arrays. ROSA is expected to
provide power for a variety of future spacecraft and satellites. ROSA will be an asset for satellite radio
and television, weather forecasting, GPS and other services used on the Earth.
The NASA engineers remotely attached the ROSA to the International Space Stations robotic
Canadarm2. ROSA will remain attached to the Canadarm2 over seven days to test its effectiveness.
Scientists will test the effectiveness of ROSA in the microgravity and extreme temperatures of space.
ROSA is smaller and lighter than the traditional panels and has a centre wing build of a flexible
material containing photovoltaic cells to convert light into electricity. The narrow arm extends on
both the sides of the wing to provide support, called a high strain composite boom. These booms are
like split tubes made of a stiff composite material. The technology of the booms will be a boon for
communications and radar antennas and other instruments.

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Significance
Unlike the traditional solar array panels, ROSA has the potential to make solar arrays more compact
and weigh lighter. The traditional solar panels which are at present used to power satellites are very
bulky with panels being folded using mechanical hinges. ROSA with significantly less mass and
volume can offer substantial cost savings and increase the power for satellites. ROSA is 20% lighter
and 4 times smaller in volume than the traditional panels.
In addition, ROSA technology can provide solar power to remote locations.
June 22, 2017
Railways to launch Operation Swarn to revamp Rajdhani, Shatabdi Trains
June 22, 2017
Concerned over the complaints received from the public over the premium trains of Indian Railways
like Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express, Railways have decided to launch Operation Swarn (gold).
The operation is aimed at improving the services in these premium trains. The Railways have
decided to launch this operation after it received complaints from passengers regarding the
sanitation, food quality and delay in train arrivals etc.
Salient Highlights
Under the operation, in the first phase, Mumbai-Delhi Rajdhani Express and Mumbai-Ahmedabad
Shatabdi Express will be upgraded. More trains will be identified for upgradation in a phased manner
Under the initiative, Indian Railways will work towards improving 10 aspects, namely, punctuality,
cleanliness, linen, coach interiors, toilets, catering, staff behaviour, security, entertainment,
housekeeping and regular feedback.Under the operation, a sum of Rs 50 lakh would be allotted to
Rajdhani and Shatabdi trains on various routes for the purpose of revamping.
Under the operation, a sum of Rs 50 lakh would be allotted to Rajdhani and Shatabdi trains on
various routes for the purpose of revamping.
Indian railways will constitute two committees to monitor the revamping work under Operation
Swarn.
Indian railways will constitute two committees to monitor the revamping work under Operation
Swarn.
The upgraded trains will also have improved coach interiors, better furnishing and new comfortable
seats.
In future, these premium trains will also be upgraded with services like Wi-Fi, infotainment screens,
coffee vending machines etc.
Premium Trains
Among the premium trains in India Rajdhani and Shatabdi are the well known. They are
transporting people who were able to afford more fare for a somewhat luxurious travel. But after

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years of service, these trains have begun to lose their sheen.


In May 2017, first high-speed premium train Tejas Express between Mumbai and Karnali in Goa was
launched. The train has a lot of facilities like LCD screen on every seat, improved interiors, coffee
vending machines, automatic doors, fire repression system, bio-vacuum toilets, attendant call
buttons, reading LED lights and free Wi-Fi connectivity.
The railways have also launched a new series of fully air-conditioned express trains likeHumsafar,
Mahamana and Gatimaan for overnight travel. The Humsafar Express has features like CCTV
cameras, coffee vending machines, fire and smoke detection systems, new interiors with comfortable
seats. The Mahamana Express has ladders for climbing to upper berths, snack tables for side berths,
windows with powered Venetian blinds and roller blinds, LED lights as berth indicators, LED
reading lights, fire extinguishers and electrically operated chimney in the pantry car, among others.
Saudi Arabia: King names Son as new Crown Prince
June 22, 2017
Saudi Arabias king has appointed his son Mohammed bin Salman as crown prince and heir to the
throne replacing his nephew, Mohammed bin Nayef. This also means that Prince Mohammed bin
Salman will become the kingdoms deputy prime minister while continuing as defence minister.
Significance
Prince Mohammed bin Salmans appointment as the first in line to the throne is seen by the younger
generation as a sign that things are changing in the kingdom. Before his appointment, Prince Salman
was responsible for leading Saudi Arabias war in Yemen.
Prince Salman who is only 31 years old could lead Saudi Arabia for decades which means the
kingdom will have a long period of internal stability. However, at the same time Mohammed bin
Salmans closeness to US President Donald Trump could increase pressure against Iran, which has
the potential to raise tensions in the region.
Background-Saudi Arabias Royal Succession
The founder of Saudi Arabia is King Abdulaziz. He had dozens of sons and there exists as many as
15,000 princes and princesses in the royal family. In 2006, the royal kingdom proclaimed a decree
under which a committee responsible for electing the king and crown prince was set up. This
committee is made up of senior princes of the royal family and is known as the Allegiance Council.
Prince Mohammed bin Salmans appointment has received the approval of 31 out of 34 members of
the council. In Saudi Arabia, those in power has the habit of promoting their sons to the roles which
will improve their chances of being promoted.
Saudi Arabia is one of the most influential Arab country. It is the worlds leading oil producer and the
Saudi Royal family is one of the richest ruling families in the world.

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India and Russia Celebrates 10 Years of Partnership in Science and Technology


June 22, 2017
This year, India and Russia are celebrating 70 years of establishment of diplomatic relations between
them. Joint cooperation in science and technology was one of the important pillars of the bilateral
relationship between both the countries. Also, Indias Department of Science & Technology, New
Delhi and Russian Foundation for Basic Research, Moscow are celebrating their 10th year of their
partnership.
MoU
To expand the joint cooperation, Indias Department of Science and Technology and Russian
scientists held discussions to enhance their cooperation in the fields of big data and cyber physical
systems.
Subsequently, a MoU on the India-Russia unified technology assessment and accelerated
commercialization programme, was concluded in Moscow between Department of Science &
Technology (DST) and Russias Foundation for Assistance to Small Innovative Enterprises
(FASIE). The MoU is expected to improve closer interaction between scientists of the Russian
Academy of Sciences and the scientists of India. It was also agreed to work for start-up companies
and entrepreneurs in order to establish Indo-Russian Bridge for Innovation.
The meeting also concluded with an Addendum to the Agreement between DST and Russian Science
Foundation (RSF) on coordinated competition for conducting collaborating research. DST and RSF
have agreed to support young achievers who are less than 39 years of age in a competitive mode for
joint collaborative research. As of now, DST and RSF have jointly supported over 17 projects.
Background
With the closure of the Integrated Long Term Programme (ILTP) between both the countries in
2007, the DST-RFBR has emerged as a robust platform for bilateral scientific cooperation in Basic
Sciences. The first call under the DST-RFBR programme was awarded in 2008. In the last
decade, DST and RFBR have jointly supported 254 research projects. Under the ambit of this
programme, projects have been undertaken in the areas of basic sciences Physics & Astronomy,
Chemistry & Material Sciences, Biology & Medical Sciences, Earth Sciences, Mathematics,
Engineering Sciences and Computer Sciences and Telecommunications.
UN Appoints Russian Diplomat Vladimir Voronkov as Chief of newly established
United Nations Counter-Terrorism Centre
June 22, 2017
The UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres has appointed Russian diplomat Vladimir Voronkov to
head the newly established UN Counter-Terrorism Centre (UNCCT), despite growing tensions
between the US and Russia.

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The Vladimir Voronkov has been given the rank of Under-Secretary-General. The new Under-
Secretary-General would Chair the Task Force and Executive Director of the UN Counter-
Terrorism Centre.
The newly established UNCCT has been mandated to oversee the counterterrorism efforts of 36
UN-funded programmes under the ambit of a variety of UN agencies, 12 inter-agency working
groups, Interpol, and the World Customs Organisation.
Voronkov has an experience of more than 30 years in Russias foreign service, serving primarily on
UN-related issues. He had served as Russias ambassador to Vienna and has been serving as an
ambassador to UN organisations since 2011.
UNCCT
Last week, the United Nations General Assembly has approved the establishment of a new United
Nations office of counter-terrorism to help Member States implement UNs global counter-terrorism
strategy.
With the creation of new UN office of counter terrorism, UN will transfer the relevant functions out
of the UN Department of Political Affairs (DPA) into the new body. The Counter-Terrorism
Implementation Task Force Office (CTITF) and the UN Counter-Terrorism Centre (UNCCT)
currently under the DPA will be transferred to the new office together with existing staff and
associated budgetary resources.
India has welcomed the creation a new UN office on counter-terrorism. It expects that the newly
established centre would help in aligning UN with the changing needs and international reality in
the fight against terrorism. India has been repeatedly stressing on the need to have a separate office
for counter-terrorism as the presence of as many as 31 entities within the United Nations
dealing with some aspect of countering terrorism lacked coherence and coordination while dealing
with terrorism.
South China Sea Dispute: China launches Research Project to Compile Data on
Disputed Region
June 22, 2017
China has launched a research project aimed at compiling historical data obtained during earlier
expeditions conducted by its teams to the disputed South China Sea since the late 1950s.
Salient Highlights
The research project is one among the 14 resource investigation programmes approved by
Chinas Ministry of Science and Technology.
Under the project, Chinese researchers will collect and compile valuable data and materials which
were obtained by China during its major ocean expeditions to the South China Sea and its affiliated
islands and reefs. China expects that a comparative analysis and research done into the data will offer

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insight into the resources, environment and changes related to the South China Sea and its affiliated
islands and reefs.
Around 193 scholars with specialisation in fields such as marine life, ecology, fishery and
geology from Chinas 10 domestic research institutions and universities will take part in the initiative.
Retired expedition members would also be invited to assist in this programme to ensure the
reliability and precision of the data.
South China Sea Dispute
China has been aggressively claiming the entire South China Sea as its own. The other countries that
claim the various territories in the South China Sea areTaiwan, Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippines,
Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei.
The South China Sea is part of Pacific Ocean spreading an area of some 35 lakh square km with eight
littoral countries/territories viz. China, Taiwan, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, Singapore
and Vietnam. It is strategically located in the international shipping route that sees the passage of
worlds half of the merchant ships. The sea is rich in energy reserves including petroleum, mineral
and fishing resources. It is made of some 200 tiny islands, coral reefs, shoals, sandbanks etc. grouped
into three archipelagos of Spratlys, Paracels and Pratas. The Macclesfield Bank and Scarborough
Shoal are also part of South China Sea. Several countries have made competing territorial claims over
the South China Sea. Such disputes have been regarded as Asias most potentially dangerous point of
conflict.
UN: India to become more Populous than China by 2024
June 22, 2017
According to the World population Prospectus: The Revision released by the United Nations, India
with 1.3 billion inhabitants would surpass Chinas population of 1.4 billion by 2024, to become the
Worlds populous country.
Salient Highlights
Despite the drop in universal fertility rates, the UN report expects the worlds total population to hit
9.8 billion by 2050. As per the report, the worlds population is at present 7.6 billion up from 7.4
billion last year. The increase in population was spurred by the relatively high levels of fertility in
developing countries. With an addition of 82 million people every year, UN expects a continuation
of the upward trend in population size. At this rate, the world population is expected to reach 8.6
billion in 2030, 9.8 billion in 2050 and surpass 11.2 billion in 2100.
As per the report, the concentration of global population growth in the poorest countries is
presenting a challenge. The population growth is expected to come from the 47 least developed
countries where the fertility rate is around 4.3 births per woman. At this rate, the population in these
countries would reach 1.9 billion people in 2050. It presents a challenge as the world seeks to

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implement the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, which is aimed to end poverty and preserve
the planet.
Further, the birth rates in African countries are expected to at least double by 2050, despite fertility
rates falling from 5.1 births per woman up to 2005 to 4.7 births in the five years following. In
contrast, birth rates in Europe are seeing an increase which has increased up to 1.6 births per
woman, up from 1.4 births in 2000-2005.
As per the report, the overall reduction in fertility rates is expected to result in the ageing
population, with the number of people above the age of 60 or over is likely to become more than
double by 2050 and triple by 2100, from the current 962 million to 3.1 billion. Africa which has the
youngest age distribution for any region is expected to experience a rapid ageing of its population.
According to the report, Nigeria which is currently at the seventh place is expected to become the
third most populous country by 2050 replacing the US.
World population Prospectus: The Revision
The 2017 Revision of World Population Prospects is the twenty-fifth round of official United Nations
population estimates prepared by the Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social
Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat. The findings are presented for each development group,
income group, region, subregion and country or area for the period 1950-2100.
Uttarakhand and Haryana Declared Open Defecation Free States
June 22, 2017
Under the Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin (SBM-G), rural Uttarakhand and rural Haryana have
been declared as the 4th and 5th Open Defecation Free (ODF) States of India. Already, Sikkim,
Himachal Pradesh and Kerala, have been declared ODF.
As per the government sources, nationally the sanitation coverage has increased from 42% to over
64% since the launch of SBM. Uttarakhand has 13 districts, 95 blocks, 7256 gram panchayats and
15751 villages while Haryana has 21 districts, 124 blocks, and 6083 gram panchayats. All these have
been declared as ODF. With this, the total number of ODF states in the country have increased to 5
covering more than 2 lakh villages and 147 districts across the country.
Background
The Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) was launched in October 2014 to achieve universal sanitation
coverage and to put focus on sanitation. The mission aims to achieve Swachh Bharat or make India
clean by 2019, as a fitting tribute to the 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The SBM
consists of two sub-missions Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin), implemented in rural areas, and
Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban), implemented in urban areas. SBM-G seeks to eliminate open
defecation in rural areas by improving access to sanitation by ensuring the use of toilets, besides their

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construction. It also seeks to generate awareness to motivate communities to adopt sustainable


sanitation practices, and encourage the use of appropriate technologies for sanitation.
Open defecation is an important factor for causing various diseases like intestinal worm infections,
diarrhoea, polio, hepatitis etc.
Indias Largest Municipal Bond Programme Launched
June 22, 2017
Union Urban Development Minister Venkaiah Naidu has launched Indias largest municipal bond
programme.
Salient Highlights
The Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) became the first municipal corporation in the country to
tap money through municipal bonds in 14 years. The AA+ rated PMCs municipal bonds raised Rs
200 crore at 7.59 per cent rate at the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE).
This is the first-ever mobilisation of debt capital by a municipal corporation on the BSE BOND
platform. This will also be the first issuance since the publication of Issue and Listing of Debt Securities
by Municipalities Regulations, 2015 by Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).
The 10-year bonds will be used by the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) for a Rs 2,300-crore
water project. The scheme is aimed at providing water 247 for all residents of Pune.
Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) was assisted by the US Department of Treasury to create a debt
policy. PMC has also planned to prepare a case study based on its experience and share it with other
urban bodies to help them raise money from the bond markets.
Since the bonds do not have any guarantee from the state government, an escrow account has been
created to deposit the funds for the comfort of investors.
Municipality Bonds
Municipality bonds can be issued by the city corporations to fund developmenta
projects. Institutional investors, as well as the public, can buy these bonds. The corporations can
use the revenues earned from the developmental projects like Metro rail network to repay the
interest and principal on these bonds. These municipal bonds have now been permitted for public
offering by SEBI.
Municipal bonds have been in existence in India from the year1997. Cities such as Ahmedabad,
Bengaluru, Nashik and Madurai have already issued them. These bonds will help the city
corporations to directly raise funds without the help of grants from the state governments or
agencies such as World Bank.
June 23, 2017

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US Approves Sale of UAV Technology to India


June 23, 2017
The United States has cleared the sale of the state-of-the-art Guardian 22 unmanned Guardian
drones to India. The deal to sell UAV drones to India is estimated to be worth $2 to $3 billion.
Though the deal has been approved by the State Department, an official announcement regarding
the deal is yet to be announced.
Significance
The transfer of the state-of-the-art UAV technology to India will be the first significant progress
after Indias entry into the exclusive Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and after the US
has designated India as a major defence partner. India became the 35th full member of the Missile
Technology Control Regime (MTCR) in June 2016.
The transfer of Guardian UAV technology is aimed at furthering mutual security interests to protect
the Indian Ocean.
The deal would also pave the way for the transfer of other key technology sales from the US to India.
The Guardian unmanned aircraft has been classified as Category 1 aircraft with cutting edge
technologies.
Background
Last year, the Indian Navy had requested for this intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR)
platform. The US has designated India as a major defence partner under the Obama
Administration. The US considers India as a key player to counter the Chinese threat. However, the
Guardian UAV proposal was kept in abeyance under Obama administration.

UAVs operate without a human pilot. UAVs are commonly used in both the military
and police forces in situations where the risk of sending a human piloted aircraft is
unacceptable, or the situation makes using a manned aircraft impractical.

Government announces 30 new Smart Cities


June 23, 2017
Union Minister for Urban Development and Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation, M. Venkaiah
Naidu has announced a new batch of 30 smart cities under Smart City Mission, which was launched
on June 25, 2015.
Salient Highlights
The newly selected cities include Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala, Naya Raipur in Chhattisgarh,
Rajkot in Gujarat, Amravati in Andhra Pradesh, Patna in Bihar, Karimnagar in Telangana,
Muzaffarpur in Bihar, Puducherry, Gandhinagar in Gujarat, Srinagar in Jammu and Kashmir, Sagar
in Madhya Pradesh, Karnal in Haryana, Satna in Madhya Pradesh, Bengaluru in Karnataka, Shimla in

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Himachal Pradesh, Dehradun in Uttarakhand, Tirupur in Tamil Nadu, Pimpri Chinchwad in


Maharashtra, Bilaspur in Chhattisgarh, Pasighat in Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu in Jammu & Kashmir,
Dahod in Gujarat, Tirunelveli, Thootukkudi and Tiruchirapalli in Tamil Nadu, Jhansi in Uttar
Pradesh, Aizawl in Mizoram, Allahabad and Aligarh in U.P. and Gangtok in Sikkim.
With the addition of these 30 smart cities, the total cities picked up under the Smart City Mission
has reached 90.
The government has selected 30 cities against the available 40 smart city slots to ensure feasible and
workable plans that fulfill the aspirations of the citizens.
Out of the 30 cities, 26 had proposed affordable housing projects, 26 had proposed new schools and
hospitals and 29 had proposed redesign and development of roads.
The government will further select 10 more cities under smart city mission as 100 cities were
supposed to be selected for the Smart Cities Mission in total. The remaining 20 cities that will be
contesting for the remaining 10 slots are: Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh), Biharsharif (Bihar), Diu
(Daman & Diu), Silvassa (Dadra and Nager Haveli), Kavaratti (Lakshadweep), Navimumbai, Greater
Mumbai and Amaravati (Maharashtra), Imphal (Manipur), Shillong (Meghalaya), Dindigul and
Erode(Tamil Nadu), Bidhannagar, Durgapur and Haldia (West Bengal), Meerut,Rai Bareilly,
Ghaziabad, Sharanpur and Rampur (UP).
Total proposed investment for the development of 30 cities is Rs.57,393 crores. It includes Rs.46,879
crores for ensuring core infrastructure and Rs.10,514 crores technology-based solutions for
improving governance, service delivery and utilization of infrastructure.
Background
The Smart City Mission is flagship scheme of Union Government that will cover 100 cities and its
duration is five years (2015-16 to 2019-20).
The focus of the smart city mission is on sustainable and inclusive development and set examples
which can be replicated in other parts of the city and other cities of the country. There are 10 core
infrastructure elements viz. adequate water supply; assured electricity supply; sanitation, including
solid waste management; efficient urban mobility and public transport; affordable housing, especially
for the poor; robust IT connectivity and digitalization; good governance, especially e-Governance
and citizen participation; sustainable environment; safety and security of citizens, particularly
women, children and the elderly; and health and education.
NASA launches Worlds Lightest Satellite designed by Indian Student
June 23, 2017
NASA has launched worlds lightest satellite weighing only 64grams designed by 18-year-old
boy Rifath Sharook from Tamil Nadu. The tiny satellite has been named as KalamSat after

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the former President APJ Abdul Kalam. The tiny satellite was launched into space on a sounding
rocket from NASAs facility in Wallops Island.
Salient Facts
KalamSat is a 3-D printed satellite. This is the first time that 3-D printing technology is used to make
satellites.
To participate in NASAs contest Cubes in Space in partnership with the global education company, I
Doodle Learning, Sharook and his team had designed a 1 kg CubeSat. But as the CubSat was costly
the group made a smaller version for the contest and came up with KalamSat.
By using the concept called BalloonSats, the group created a Near Space Launch Vehicle (NSLV) to
launch KalamSat. BalloonSats are designed to carry lightweight experiments into near-space.
The tiny satellite weighs only 64 grams which is lighter than a smartphone. The satellite has been
made of reinforced carbon fibre polymer.
The satellite was operated for 12 minutes in a micro-gravity environment of space after its flight.
The purpose behind the launch of KalamSat was to demonstrate the performance of 3D-printed
carbon fibre.
Government launches VAJRA Scheme
June 23, 2017
Department of Science and Technology has launched VAJRA (Visiting Advanced Joint Research)
Faculty scheme that enables NRIs and overseas scientific community to participate and contribute to
research and development in India.
on 8th January 2017, during the 14th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas Convention, Prime Minister had
announced that a new scheme called VAJRA (Visiting Advanced Joint Research) Faculty scheme
would be launched by the Department of Science and Technology.
Salient Highlights
The Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), a Statutory body of the Department of Science
and Technology will implement the Scheme.
Under this scheme, foreign researchers abroad of Indian origin or otherwise can collaborate with
faculties in public funded Indian institutions. The researchers would receive endowments at par with
those in their own countries. They would be given USD 15,000 in the first month of residency and
USD 10,000, for the remaining months.
The scheme would promote broad areas of research like energy, health, advance material among
others.
Public funded academic institutions and national laboratories will be eligible for hosting the VAJRA
Faculty.
The VAJRA faculty can reside in India for a minimum of 1 month and a maximum of 3 months a

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year.
The applications received from the interested foreign researchers would be evaluated by a Selection
Committee of eminent scientists. The Committee will meet twice a year in January and July and
make recommendations.
DST
Department of Science & Technology (DST) was established in May 1971 and functions under the
ambit of Ministry of Science and Technology. The department functions with an objective of
promoting new areas of Science & Technology. It acts as a nodal department for organising,
coordinating and promoting S&T related activities in the country. The DST funds scientific projects
in India and supports researchers in the country to attend conferences abroad and to conduct
experimental works.
Nisha Dutt bags Social Entrepreneur of the Year Award
June 23, 2017
Nisha Dutt, Chief Executive Officer of Intellecap has become the first Indian woman leader to have
been honoured with the Social Entrepreneur of the Year award at The 7th Asian Awards in
London.
Nisha Dutt has been honoured in recognition of her work in making Intellecap a globally known
enterprise that focuses on social capital. Her key contribution lies in integrating technology with
challenges of healthcare, financial services, incubation and conceptualising programs such as
Innovations Labs.
The previous winners of the award include Ratan Tata, Amitabh Bachchan, Shahrukh Khan, Asha
Bhosle, Zayn Malik etc.
In the Social Entrepreneur category, Professor Muhammad Yunus, Masa Kogure and Vikram Patel
have been honoured with the award in the past.
Background
The Asian Awards is an annual awards function which was founded by businessman and
philanthropist Paul Sagoo. The annual award ceremony takes place in the United Kingdom. The
awards reward exemplary achievement across 14 categories such as business, philanthropy,
entertainment, culture and sport.
Initially, the awards were presented to only those people born in or with direct family origin
from India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bangladesh etc. In 2013, the awards have been thrown open to
people of South and Eastern Asian origin.
NITI Aayog Selects CCMB as Incubation Centre for Biotech Start-ups
June 23, 2017
NITI-Aayog has chosen the CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) in Hyderabad

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for hosting the 10-crore Atal Incubation Centre for biotechnology start-ups.
Salient Facts
The centre will identify promising start-ups and create facilities for them to succeed in the field of
biotechnology. The CCMB is one of the 10 organisations that have been identified to host the Atal
Incubation Centre.
The government will release a Grant-in-aid of Rs 10 crore for a maximum of 5 years. After that, it is
expected that the Centre would become self-sustainable.
The CCMB is a constituent laboratory of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). It
is the only one in the States of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh to be chosen as an incubation
centre under Atal Innovation Mission (AIM).
Background
Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) under NITI Aayog is aimed at promoting a culture of innovation and
entrepreneurship in the country. It aims to create high-class incubation facilities with necessary
infrastructure in terms of capital equipment and operating facilities, coupled with the availability of
sectoral experts for mentoring the start-ups. The scheme is known asAtal Incubation Centre
scheme.
The incubation centres would support and encourage start-ups in the sectors like manufacturing,
transport, energy, health, education, agriculture, water and sanitation etc. The scheme focuses on the
establishment of incubation centres in underserved and unserved areas to support inclusive growth.
Under the scheme, Atal Incubation Centre can be established either in Publicly funded institutions or
Private sector funded institutions or in Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode.
Fact Box: Indias Contribution to Thirty Metre Telescope (TMT) Project
June 23, 2017
Thirty Metre Telescope (TMT) is the worlds biggest telescope which would facilitate astronomers
to observe the intricacies of the universe from earth.
Salient Facts
Thirty Metre Telescope (TMT) is a multi- million dollar project being developed by an international
consortium of Five countries including India. The other four countries are Canada, China, Japan and
the U.S. In July 2013, five countries participating in the project had inked Master Partnership
Agreement (MPA) for the construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT).
The ambitious next-generation telescope would be built at a cost of USD 1.47 billion. India will
spend Rs 1,300 crore on the project. Indias contribution to the project will be more in terms of
hardware than money.
The telescope which was expected to be started at Mauna Kea, Hawaii was stalled following protests
by locals. The project site is still being finalised by the consortium of countries involved in the

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project. Hanle in Ladakh is one among the new sites that are being explored for the construction of
the telescope.
The telescope is expected to be ready by 2020. The telescope when ready would offer astronomers
with unparalleled power to observe the universe.
India has a 10% partner in the telescope project. Indian astronomers will get observational time in
proportion to Indias share in the total project cost.
On the Indian side, the project will be handled by the Ministry of Science and Technology and the
Department of Atomic Energy. The project would be led by the Indian Institute of Astrophysics
(IIA), Bangalore, with the help of the Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences
(ARIES), Nainital, and Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), Pune.
TMT will be the first ground-based telescope to incorporate the technology of Adaptive Optics (AO)
as an integral component of the telescope. Indias contributions will include fabrication of edge
sensors, which sense relative displacement of segments due to gravity and temperature while
tracking objects in the sky. India also has the responsibility to build the entire actuator system to
provide the best possible image of objects in the sky.
POSOCO-IMD Weather Portal & Web Portal MERIT launched
June 23, 2017
Union Minister of State for Power, Coal, New & Renewable Energy and Mines Piyush Goyal has
launched Weather Portal for Power Sector & Web Portal MERIT (Merit Order Despatch of
Electricity for Rejuvenation of Income and Transparency).
POSOCO-IMD Weather Portal
The weather portal has been developed in association with POSOCO and IMD. The portal will have
information regarding weather forecast to the state Discoms. The weather variations have an impact
on load demand, energy production, transport and distribution management, as well as on energy
prices. Extreme events associated with weather like heat waves or cold waves, windstorms or
floods can have adverse impacts on the production and can inflict physical damage to the
infrastructure. Hence, the portal aims to provide weather related information and help states to take
pro-active steps regarding management and plan for infrastructure availability as well as to ensure
cost effective and reliable supply.
MERIT
MERIT (Merit Order Despatch of Electricity for Rejuvenation of Income and Transparency) has
been developed by Ministry of Power in association with POSOCO and Central Electricity
Authority. The Web portal provides information regarding the merit order of Electricity procured
by States. The information includes daily state-wise marginal variable costs of all generators, daily
source-wise power purchases of respective states/UTs with, energy volumes and purchase prices.

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The Portal will help state Discoms in optimising their power procurement more efficiently and will
help in lowering the cost of power to consumers.
The main advantages of the portal: Empowerment of consumers and facilitates participative
governance; Disseminates information pertaining to marginal variable cost and source wise purchase
of electricity transparently; Promotes economy and efficiency in operations; Optimization of the
power procurement costs; Demystifies the utility portfolio and its complexity; Facilitates renewable
integration and handling of the variability and uncertainty of renewables; and Indication of supply
side reliability, adequacy, and cost of power procurement.
June 24, 2017
West Bengal Honoured with UN Public Service Award
June 24, 2017
West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has received the highest prize in United Nations
Public Service Award for the state governments Kanyashree Prakalpa (Girl Child) scheme in
The Hague, Netherlands.
Kanyashree Prakalpa scheme of West Bengal came first among the 552 project nominations received
by the UN from 62 countries.
West Bengal has been awarded in the Asia-Pacific group for the category: Reaching
the Poorest and
Most Vulnerable through Inclusive Services and Participation.
Argentina was the winner in the Latin America-Caribbean Group for its programme for early
childhood education. In the Western Group, the UK was the winner for its programme to prevent
senior citizens from being defrauded.
Background
Kanyashree Prakalpa is an initiative of the West Bengal government to improve the lives and the
status of the adolescent girls. The scheme provides financial help to the girls from disadvantaged
families to pursue higher studies. It also aims to prevent child marriage. Increased educational
attainment, prevention of child marriage and financial inclusion are the objectives of the scheme.
The scheme was launched by Mamata Banerjee in October 2013.
This is not the first time that Kanyashree Prakalpa has won an award. Earlier, it had also received the
appreciation of the UNICEF. The scheme has covered 40 lakh school and college going girls under its
umbrella. Under this scheme, cash transfers have been provided to them as scholarships as long as
they continue going to school. The UN Public Service Awards were launched in 2003.
Imran Khawaja Appointed as ICC Deputy Chairman
June 24, 2017
The International Cricket Council (ICC) has appointed Imran Khawaja as its deputy chairman.

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Imran Khawaja is Chairman of Associates counties and a veteran administrator from Singapore.
Recently, the ICC Full Council had brought a constitutional change approving the creation of the
post of deputy chairman. Imran Khawaja was part of a five member ICC working team that framed
ICCs new constitution last year. Following his election, Khawaja will deputise the ICC meetings in
the absence of chairman Shashank Manohar.
Imran Khawaja is a senior lawyer and has been serving in the ICC Board for several years. He had
also served as a part of influential committees of the ICC.
ICC
The International Cricket Council (ICC), which is the international governing body of cricket was
founded in 1909 as the Imperial Cricket Conference. It was founded by the representatives
of England, Australia and South Africa. The body was renamed as International Cricket
Conference in 1965 and again renamed as International Cricket Council (ICC) in 1989. The ICC
consists of 105 members, out of which 12 are full members, 37 are associate members and another 56
are affiliate members. ICC is responsible for setting professional standards of discipline for
international cricket.
Quality of Life: Government launches Index to Rank 116 Cities
June 24, 2017
The urban development minister M. Venkaiah Naidu has launched its first liveability index which
will rank the countrys 116 major cities on the basis of the quality of life.
Salient Highlights
The index named City Liveability Index will cover cities with a population above one million,
including the capital cities.
The index will help cities to analyse where they stand in terms of the quality of life. It will help them
to come up with interventions required to improve it.
The index will assess cities based on a comprehensive set of 79 parameters such as availability of
roads, education, healthcare, mobility, employment opportunities, emergency response, grievance
redressal, pollution, availability of open and green spaces, cultural and entertainment opportunities
etc.
The rankings based on the index would be released in 2018.
Soon, the government will select the agency for undertaking the assessment and data collection for
the rankings would be completed in the next 6 months.
Incentives to States
The urban development minister has disbursed Rs500 crore as an incentive to 16 states that have
performed well in implementing urban reforms during 2016-17.
Andhra Pradesh has topped the list of 16 states with the highest score in implementing urban

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schemes. The second place has been occupied by Odisha which is followed by Jharkhand,
Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Telangana, Rajasthan, Punjab, Kerala, Goa, Mizoram, Gujarat,
Chandigarh, Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.
While ranking, the progress achieved by these states in terms of reforms like e-governance, an audit
of accounts, tax revision policies, extent of tax revenue collection, energy and water audit,
establishing state level financial intermediaries for resource mobilisation and credit rating was taken
into account.
Further, it has been proposed by the government to increase the incentive fund to Rs 10,000 crore
for the next three years to promote next generation urban reforms.
India-Russia Signs Roadmap for Defence Cooperation
June 24, 2017
India and Russia have finalized a roadmap to further boost bilateral defence cooperation during the
17th India-Russia intergovernmental commission on military-technical cooperation held at Moscow.
The meeting was co-chaired by defence minister Arun Jaitley and his Russian counterpart General
Shoygu. The agenda for the discussion ranged from joint development of futuristic weapon systems
to a major upgrade of military-to-military ties.
India and Russia had signed a protocol that aims to enhance cooperation between both the countries
in the field of political and military dialogue, exercises, exchange of visits, military cooperation and
training.
Background
The top-level bilateral meeting comes at the backdrop of Russias efforts to maintain its long-
standing number one position as an arms supplier to India in face of stiff competition from the US,
Israel, France and other countries. Russia is on course of getting defence projects worth $10.5
billion from the acquisition of five S-400 Triumf advanced air defence missile systems, four
Grigorivich-class frigates and 200 Kamov-226T light helicopters and the lease of a second nuclear-
powered submarine after INS Chakra.
The meeting also comes in the backdrop of India being unhappy with Russia for delaying delivery
schedules, increasing up costs mid-way as well as creating hurdles in technology transfer
and providing unreliable spares support. India is also not happy regarding the economic and technical
viability of going joint development and production of a fifth-generation fighter aircraft (FGFA)
called the Sukhoi T-50 or Sukhoi PAK-FA.
The Sukhoi PAK FA is a fifth generation fighter aircraft programme. PAK FA is a stealth, single seat
aircraft that is intended to be the successor to the MiG-29 and Su-27 in the Russian Airforce. The
aircraft will serve as the basis for the Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA) being jointly

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developed by Sukhoi and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force.
Palbinder Kaur Shergill becomes first turbaned Sikh woman to be appointed as
Judge in Canada Supreme Court
June 24, 2017
Palbinder Kaur Shergill has become the first turbaned Sikh woman to be appointed as Canadas
Supreme Court judge. The announcement was made by the minister of justice and attorney general
of Canada Jody Wilson-Raybould.
The appointment of Shergill as Supreme Court Judge of Canada is considered as a milestone for the
Sikh community in Canada.
Justice Palbinder Kaur Shergill was born in Rurka Kalan in Jalandhar district. At the age of four,
justice Shergill had migrated to Canada. Justice Shergill has fought various cases and has
actively represented the interests of Canadian Sikh community including the right of Sikh students to
wear a kirpan in schools.
UNESCO: Paris Agreement Only Way to Save Coral Reefs
June 24, 2017
A report by UNESCO has concluded that cutting down emissions and delivering the Paris Climate
agreement to be the only ways out to save coral reefs the world over.
Salient Highlights
This is the first global assessment of the impact of climate change on world heritage listed coral reefs.
The assessment studies the impact of climate change on 29 world Heritage-listed coral reefs.
The assessment has found that local responses are no longer sufficient. The report has found that
global warming caused by an increase in frequency, intensity, and duration of heat-stress events has
massive consequences for the 29 world heritage sites.
The report has warned that worlds coral reefs will die out completely by mid-century unless carbon
emissions are reduced. The consequences could also be severe for millions of people worldwide. It is
estimated that at least 25 coral reefs are set to experience twice-per-decade severe bleaching events
by 2040.
As per the report in the last three years, 25 out of 29 coral reefs which comprise three-fourths of the
worlds reef systems has experienced severe bleaching events which are labelled as the worst-ever
sequence of bleachings to date.
According to the report, by 2100 most of the coral reef system would die unless carbon emissions are
reduced.
Coral Reefs
Coral Reefs are often referred as the rainforests of the oceans. They occupy less than 1% of the ocean
floor but provides habitat for a million species. The deposits of Coral Reefs are mostly made up of

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Calcium Carbonate. Conditions required for their growth: Warm tropical oceans located between 30
degree north and 25 degree south latitudes where a minimum temperature of 20 degree is found and
this temperature favours the growth of coral organisms; Oceanic water free of sedimentation;
Transparent parts of ocean bodies; Relatively low salinity ocean bodies.
Bleaching of Coral occurs when the sea becomes too warm. Warm seas cause Corals to expel living
algae and calcify turning into white. Scientists are concerned that climate change is killing the barrier
reef. Rising temperatures by global warming increase the damage to the coral reefs harming the
sensitive underwater ecosystem.
The Great Barrier Reef is the biggest coral reef in the world. It was recorded as a World Heritage site
in 1981.
RBI: Fiscal Deficit of States Soars to Rs 4.93 trillion in FY16
June 24, 2017
According to Handbook of Statistics on States 2016-17, the gross fiscal deficits of all the states
have soared to Rs 4,93,360 crore in fiscal 2016 from Rs 18,790 crore in FY1991. This is thesecond
edition of RBIs statistical publication.
Salient Highlights
Handbook of Statistics on States 2016-17 follows a one-indicator-one table approach. It covers all
sub-national statistics on socio- demographics, state domestic product, agriculture, industry,
infrastructure, banking and other fiscal indicators across the states during the period 1950-51 to
2016-17.
The handbook also provides data on the state-wise availability of power, per capita availability of
power, installed capacity of power, and power requirement, the length of national highways, roads
and state highways, and railheads.
Uttar Pradesh had a fiscal deficit of Rs 3,070 crore in FY91, which has soared to Rs 64,320 crore in
FY16. It is projected to improve to Rs 49,960 crore in FY17.
Rajasthan had a fiscal deficit of Rs 540 crore in FY91, which has soared to Rs 67,350 crore in
FY16. However, the gross fiscal deficit is projected to decline to Rs 40,530 crore in FY17.
Maharashtra has a fiscal deficit of Rs 37,950 crore in FY16 which is projected to soar to Rs 35,030
crore in FY17.
Gujarat which has seen rapid industrialisation in the period of data analysis has got its fiscal deficit
increased from Rs 1,800 crore in FY91 to Rs 22,170 crore in FY16 and the deficit is projected to
further deteriorate in FY17 to Rs 24,610 crore. In fact from FY01, Gujarat has not shown
improvement in its macro numbers even for a single year.
Andhra Pradesh has a deficit of Rs 17,000 crore in FY16 which is set to increase to Rs 20,500 crore in

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FY17.Tamil Nadu is also projected to have a higher deficit at Rs 40,530 cror


Karenataka
in FY17.
is
also estimated to post higher deficit in FY17 at Rs 25,660 crore.
Biharwhich has a fiscal deficit of Rs 28,510 crore in FY16 is slated to improve its fi
fiscal deficit of Rs 16,010 crore in FY17. West
Similarly,
Bengalis also slated to improve its fis
deficit to Rs 19,360 crore in FY17 .

Fiscal decit is the difference between total expenditure and total revenue rece
including recoveries of loans and other receipts.

June 25, 26, 2017


India and Portugal Sign 11 Pacts
June 25, 2017
India and Portugal have signed 11 pacts after in-depth talks between Prime Ministe
and his Portuguese counterpart Antonio Costa in areas like counter-terrorism, sp
studies. This is the first-ever bilateral visit by an Indian Prime Minister to Portugal
India thanked Portugal for its support for Indias permanent membership o
Multilateral Export Control Regime.
Agreements
India and Portugal have agreed tojoint
set up
Science
a and Technologyoffund
four million euros.
The two countries also signed MoUs for the creation India Portugal
of an Space Alliance
for
advancing collaborative research. This agreement is expected to promote Ind
technology partnership with Portugal andAtlantic
to set up
International ResearchonCentre
the
Azores Archipelago. This Centre will act as a research, innovation and knowledge h
Atlantic and north-south cooperation. The objective behind the Centre is to pr
environment for supporting new climate, earth, space and marine research.
Other Agreements
The other agreements cover cooperation in outer space, double taxation avoidance, na
improving cultural ties, youth and sports, higher education and scientific research
India business hub and Indian Chamber of Commerce. They are:
Protocol amending the Double Taxation Aviodance Agreement
MoU on Nano Technology
MoU on Public Administration & Governance Reforms
MoU on Cultural Cooperation
MoU on Youth & Sports
MoU between Portugal India Business Hub & Indian Chamber of Commerce

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MoU on Cooperation in the fields of Higher Education and Scientific Research


MoU on Biotechnology
MoU on Collaborative Research
MoU between Portugal India Business Hub & AICEP
K Srikanth Wins Australian Open Super series Title
June 26, 2017
The world No.11 Kidambi Srikanth has sealed his second successive Super
defeating reigning Olympic champion Chen Long in the Australian Open summit c
Chen Long is World No.6 and also the current All England champion. Srikanth h
previous five encounters with Chen Long.
Srikanth has also become the fifth player in the world to take part in three success
finals by reaching the summit clash in Singapore, Indonesia and Australia. Last We
won the Indonesian Open title. In the last edition of Australian Open tournamen
a semi-finalist.
Indian Army to rethink on its Sahayak System
June 26, 2017
Indian Army is considering doing away with the colonial-era Sahayak System
recruiting civilian staff in peace stations. The Indian Armys move comes in the wa
of jawans coming out openly against the Sahayak system. Some jawans have accused
as servants by their attached officers. The critics point that Sahayak System is liab
and is demeaning to the soldier.
However, the army has said that Sahayaks would continue to be deployed in key base
as these areas will have defined military duties. Instead of Sahayaks, employment o
peace stations will help the Indian Army in economising on its manpower as well.
Sahayak System
Sahayaks or buddy system is a system in which a soldier is attached to officers to hel
their responsibilities. Sahayaks are attached to Officers and Junior Commissioned Off
of Sahayaks include protecting the officers, maintaining their weapons and equipmen
The Sahayak System was evolved during the colonial rule. The practice of Sahayak sy
in the Indian Army. An estimated 50,000 sahayaks serve in the Indian Army. Ind
Indian Navy do not have sahayak system.
In March 2017, the government had strongly supported the Sahayak system. Howe
that it has issued exhaustive instructions not to make sahayaks perform menial
derogatory to the dignity of a soldier. In the annual conference of top Arm
deliberations regarding the sahayak system were held and it was decided to reor

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resource policy of the Indian Army.


ISSF Junior World Rifle/Pistol Championship: Yashaswini Deswal an
Bhanwala Wins Gold
June 26, 2017
Indian shooters Yashaswini Singh Deswal and Anish Bhanwala has bagged gold in th
Air Pistol and Mens 25m Standard Pistol competition respectively in the Junior W
Championship held in Germany.
Yashaswini Singh Deswal fired a record 235.9 points to clinch the gold. Earlier in 20
Singh Deswal had managed to clinch silver in the 10m air pistol event at the junior
in Germany.
In the Junior 25m Standard Pistol competition, pistol shooter Anish Bhanwala clin
world record score of 579 which was also instrumental in helping India bag the Tea
event.
Meanwhile, this result adds to Indias growing list of the gold medal tally. On
Bhanwala also won gold in the Junior Mens 25m Standard Pistol competition, with
score of 579. In the team event, Anish and his teammates bagged silver. The
combined score of 1678.
HRD Ministry Constitutes K. Kasturirangan Panel to Frame Nation
Policy
June 26, 2017
The HRD ministry has constituted a new nine-member panel headed by sp
Kasturirangan to frame a new National Education Policy (NEP). The other mem
include chosen experts and educationists from wide-ranging backgrounds.
The panel includes former IAS officer K.J. Alphonse Kanamthanam, who was
making Keralas Kottayam and Ernakulam districts achieve 100% literacy.
Another member of the panel will be Ram Shanker Kureel who has wide experienc
agricultural sciences and management. He is also the Vice-Chancellor of Baba S
University of Social Sciences, Mhow, Madhya Pradesh.
The committee also comprises of M.K. Shridhar, former member secretary of the K
Innovation Council, T.V. Kattimani, an expert on language communication, D
professor of Persian at Guwahati University, Krishan Mohan Tripathi, a for
education, Uttar Pradesh, mathematician Manjul Bhargava from Princeton Unive
Kamat, former vice chancellor of Mumbais SNDT University.
The panel members belong to different sections and regions of the country reflecting

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the country.
Background
In 2015, Narendra Modi Government had set up a committee under former Cabinet
Subramanian to chalk out a new education policy. This committee had submitted it
2016.
The committee had presented its report in two volumes with around 90 suggestions.
The other important past committees in Education Radhakrishnan
includes Commission
(1948-49)on higher education;
Mudaliyar Commission (1952)
on secondary education and t
Kothari Commission (1964-66).
The Kothari Commission had a mandate to advise the gov
on the development of education at all stage and in all aspects. The Kothari Commiss
used to formulate the Education Policy of 1968.
World Bank clears $250-million loan for Skill India Mission
June 26, 2017
The World Bank has cleared a USD 250-million loan to aid the Skill India mission. T
would be used for making Indian youth more employable through reskilling.
Salient Highlights
The USD 250 million Skill India Mission Operation (SIMO) is set to increase the mar
short-term skill development programmes (3-12 months or up to 600 hours) both at th
state levels. It will help the government of India to better equip the young
employable skills.
SIMO will be a six- year programme in support
National of Policy for Skill Development
Entrepreneurship (2017-23)
.
Under the programme, persons in the age group of 15-59 will acquire skill training
their employment status. This will benefit 1.2 crore youngsters in the age bracket of
who are entering the labour market every year. The programme is expected to benefit
15,000 trainers and 3,000 assessors.
The programme has also a mandate to offer placement and entrepreneurship o
women and increase their exposure to skill training.
Need
As per the official estimates, India is in need of additional 109 million skilled work
key sectors by 2022.
SIMO will support the governments vision of increasing womens participation in t
and increase greater off-farm employment. Higher skilled labour force will hav
employment opportunity to raise their earnings.

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World Bank
World Bank is one of five institutions created at the Breton Woods Conference
Bank is part of the United Nations system, but its governance structure is differe
headquarter is situated at Washington DC. World Bank provides loans to developi
capital programmes. World Bank comprises only two institutions viz. the Interna
Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Asso
contrast, World Bank Group comprises three more viz. International Finance Cor
Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), and International Centre f
Investment Disputes (ICSID).
NASAs Opportunity Mars Rover finds evidence of Ancient Lake
June 26, 2017
NASAs Mars rover Opportunity has found rocks at the edge of Endeavour Crater
been a lake of liquid water. The scientists believe that the rocks were either transpor
eroded in place by the wind.
Salient Facts
NASAs Opportunity rover has been investigating on and near the western rim of En
since 2011. The Endeavour Crater is about 22 km across.
Opportunity has found out a pattern of striations running east-west outside the crest
features have been observed just outside the crater rims crest above Perseverance V
To ascertain whether the rocks are present in-place or got transported, scientis
Opportunity down Perseverance Valley. The Perseverance valley extends for a distan
football fields. It slopes down from the crest into the Endeavour crater.
The scientists are looking into several hypotheses for the perched lake. As per one hy
the possibility is that a flood might have brought in the rocks and carved out the Per
Another believes that the area was fractured by the impact that created Endeavour C
Background
Mars has a rich variety of geological features: huge craters, broad plains, tall
canyons, and much more. NASAs Opportunity, also known as MER-B is
investigating the Martian surface since 2004. It was launched in 2003 as a part
Exploration Rover program. The rover landed on the Martian surface in 2004.
Srinivas Gokulnath becomes First Indian to Solo finish Race Across A
June 26, 2017
Nashiks army doctor Srinivas Gokulnath and Nagpurs doctor Amit Samarth has cr
becoming the first Indians to complete the 4,900-km Race Across America (RA
18-59 age category.

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While Srinivas Gokulnath finished the distance of 4941kms in 11 days and 18 hours
11 days and 21 hours to finish the race. Among the 9 persons who managed
race, Gokulnath stood 7th while Samarth finished at number 8. The race was won
Strasser.
Srinivas Gokulnath is an aerospace medicine specialist and had participated in the
RAAM. However, he withdrew from the event after covering 2447 km. Gokuln
national record for cycling 4,000km from Leh to Kanyakumari in 16 days in 2014. H
the Limca Book of Records.
Dr Amit Samarth is also a doctor and has a Masters Degree in Public Health.
In the three decades old history of RAAM, only three Indians had attempted RAA
no one was able to finish the event in the solo category.
RAAM
RAAM is considered as the toughest cycle race in the world. It is about 30 percen
Tour de France and the riders have to pedal over 400 km a day to finish the race
riders are allowed to rest for only a couple of hours a day. Racers have to pedal 24
states and climb over 1,70,000 vertical feet. The route traverses through three m
ranges (Sierra, Rocky and Appalachian) and crosses four of Americas longest ri
Mississippi, Missouri and Ohio).
Fact Box: ISROs Satellite-based chips for Unmanned Rail Crossings
June 26, 2017
Context: ISROs satellite-based chips are set to alert people at unmanned rail crossing
Salient Facts
Satellite-based chip systems developed by ISRO will be used to alert road users at
crossings about approaching trains. These chips will also help the railways in
movement on a real-time basis.
Initially, on a pilot basis the ISRO-developed integrated circuit (IC) chips
in the Mumbai and Guwahati Rajdhani trains. Hooters will be installed at 20
crossings on Rajdhani routes for Guwahati and Mumbai.
The system will warn the road users by hooters once a train approaches an unma
hooters will get activated when the train is present at a distance of about 500 metre
crossing, warning both road users as well as the train driver near the crossing. T
hooters will become louder as the level crossing nears, and finally it will become
passage of the train.
In a phased manner, more trains would be equipped with the ISRO-developed integr
chips.

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The satellite based system will also be used for tracking trains about their movem
basis. It will be useful to passengers as at present the movement of trains are tracked
Need
Safety at unmanned level crossings is a matter of concern for the Indian Railways a
accidents involving the railways happen in unmanned crossings. India has
unmanned railway crossings in the country. The railways has set a target for eli
railway crossings in the next 2-3 years. It has eliminated 1,148 unmanned crossings
1,253 in 2015-16.
The new technology will also help Indian railways at the time of train accidents as
get details about the exact location of trains and topography.
June 27, 2017
Romania: Mihai Tudose named as Prime-Minister Designate
June 27, 2017
In Romania, President Klaus Iohannis has appointed outgoing economy minister
Prime Minister and thus paved the way for the formation of a new leftist Socia
government in that country. According to the President of Romania, the decision
keeping in mind the political crisis that risked damaging the countrys record econom
The ruling Social Democrat Party (PSD) was ousted from the power following an
struggle. PSD filed a no-confidence motion against ex-Prime Minister Sorin Grinde
delays in implementing reforms. Grindeanu has been ousted from power barely si
PSD swept back to victory in elections.
The Prime Minister-designate Mihai Tudose will have 10 days to gain the vote of con
Romania
Romania is the second poorest country of the European Union. It is the large
countries and has a coastline on the Black Sea. Romania was under the rule of the R
and the Austro-Hungarian Empires. In the 2004 Romania got admitted into NAT
joined the European Union (EU).
Key Takeaways from Prime Minister Modis US Visit
June 27, 2017
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has become the first foreign leader to have a Whi
after the US President Donald Trump assumed power.
Key Takeaways
Pakistan
India and the US have asked Pakistan to make sure that its soil is not used for cr
strikes. Both the countries have asked Pakistan to expeditiously bring the per

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Mumbai and Pathankot attackers to justice.


Drones
The US has cleared the sale of Guadian Unmanned Aerial Systems to India. The dr
India to keep a closer watch over the strategically important Indian Ocean.
Hizbul chief
The US has designated Hizbul Mujahideen Chief Syed Salahuddin as a global terrori
old Salahuddin also leads the United Jihad Council, which is an umbrella organis
groups operating in Kashmir.
Trade Barriers
Donald Trump has asked India to maintain a fair and reciprocal trade relationship a
the removal of barriers for the export of US goods into Indian markets.
GST
Donald Trump has given a thumbs up to Indias GST that will come into effect on Ju
Naval Exercise
Donald Trump has said that India and the US would join Japan to conduct the larg
game ever conducted in the Indian Ocean.
Afghanistan
India and the US have expressed concern over the rising instability in Afghanist
strengthen cooperation for establishing peace in the war-torn country.
North Korea
Trump and Modi have labelled the missile programs of North Korea as a grave threa
Areas of Cooperation
Prime Minister Modi has named trade, commerce and investment as key area
operation. In addition, he also said that India is actively looking at technology
knowledge economy
US to declare China among Worst Human Trafficking Offenders
June 27, 2017
The United States is set to declare China as one among the worlds worst offen
trafficking in its annual Trafficking in Persons Report. The report will be unveiled
of State Rex Tillerson to the US Congress.
Salient Highlights
The declaration would place China in the same category as North Korea, Zimbabwe a
The move will be Donald Trump administrations first major public rebuke of China
record. Trumps administration has so far avoided direct public criticism of Chin
expected to receive condemnation from Chinas Communist government. The US is s

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cooperation in combatting North Koreas nuclear and missile threats.


China will be placedTin
er3, which will be the ranking systems lowest category. Countr
in this tier are those who have failed to meet minimum standards to prevent hum
Countries like Sudan, Iran and Haiti have recently been on that list.
As per the report, forced begging in China which particularly affects children is a
concern. In the previous years report, the US had placed China on its watch list.
are placed in the watch list are those who are not meeting minimum standards. The
called China as a source, destination and transit country for forced labour and s
this years report, China has been downgraded to the lowest classification as it had
anti-trafficking efforts from the previous year.
Implications
Countries placed on Tier 3 are liable to be penalised with sanctions, including the
non-humanitarian aid and assistance that could affect agreements with the Interna
Fund and World Bank. Officials of the Tier-3 countries are also liable to be barred fr
in US government educational and cultural exchange programs. However, the US p
the authority to waive the sanctions taking into account national interest or if h
penalties could adversely affect vulnerable populations. The previous administration
often granted waivers for the tier-3 countries.
FSSAI issues Draft Regulations for Organic Food Products
June 27, 2017
The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has come out with draf
organic food products to ensure the authenticity of organic foods.
FSSAIs guidelines have been prepared in view of rising demand for organic food pro
Organic foods will have to comply with the governments provisions under the Natio
for Organic Production (NPOP) or the Participatory Guarantee System for India (P
the Agriculture Ministry or any other standards notified by FSSAI.
The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has invited comments
regarding the provisions of the draft regulations.
Need
At present, the consumers do not have any method to check the authenticity of t
products due to the absence of a regulatory framework. Organic food products are tho
be grown without the use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides or those made fr
produced raw materials. The draft regulations are aimed at ensuring the authenticity
products sold in the market.

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Salient Highlights
Definition
The draft regulations have come up with the following definitions:
Organic agriculturehas been defined as a system of farm design and management tha
eco-system of agriculture production without the use of synthetic external inputs su
fertilisers, pesticides and synthetic hormones or genetically modified organisms.
Theorganic farmis defined as the product obtained from organic agriculture.
Organic foodsare defined as those food products that are produced in accordance w
standards for organic production.
Organic farm produce means the product obtained from organic agriculture, whil
means food products that have been produced in accordance with specified standa
production.
Other features
FSSAIs regulation mandates that labelling of organic foods should provide f
information regarding the organic status of the organic foods.
Organic food products must carry a certification mark or a quality assurance mark
notified certification bodies.
FSSAIs regulations have exempted organic food marketed by the original produ
organisation through a direct sale from verification compliance. However, this exemp
applicable to processed organic products.
BCCI forms Committee to oversee Lodha Panel Reforms
June 27, 2017
The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) has constituted a special
committee to analyse the few contentious Lodha panel reforms which are being oppo
units.
Salient Highlights
The seven-member Lodha committee has been formed under the head of Rajeev Sh
members of the committee include former India captain Sourav Ganguly, T.C. M
Cricket), Naba Bhattacharjee (North East representative), Jay Shah (Gujarat Cric
BCCI Treasurer Anirudh Chaudhary and BCCI acting secretary Amitabh Choudhary.
The decision to form the panel was arrived at the BCCIs Special General Meeting in
One of the major reforms of the Lodha Committee which are being opposed by the sta
about disqualifying any individual who is more than 70-years-old, and who has alr
nine years in cricket administration.
The BCCI committee has been asked to submit its written report by July 10.

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BCCIs move to constitute a committee is widely seen as its attempt to delay the im
the reforms suggested by the Lodha Committee.
Lodha Committee
Justice Lodha committee was appointed by the Supreme Court in 2014 to make recom
the BCCI in order to prevent frauds and conflict of interest in cricket administration
was appointed in the wake of the spot-fixing scandal in Indian Premier Lea
recommendations of the committee are aimed at resolving issues of governance, tra
conflict of interest in BCCI.
As per the Lodha Committee recommendations approved by the Supreme Court, no
hold a position for more than three tenures of three years each, with no two consecu
office bearers are subjected to an age cap of 70. Office-bearers cannot be ministers or
they should distance themselves from the state association which they represent.
Kaushik Basu takes over as President of IEA
June 27, 2017
Kaushik Basu has taken over as president of the International Economic Associatio
serve a three-year term as the President.
Kaushik Basu has served as Indias chief economic adviser from 2009 to 2012. H
as senior vice-president and chief economist at the World Bank from 2012 to 2016.
At present, Basu is the C. Marks Professor of International Studies at Cornell Unive
IEA
The International Economic Association (IEA) is one of the key organisation
economists and has been significant in determining global economic policy and res
the past presidents of IEA were the Nobel Laureates Robert Solow, Amartya Sen and
IEA produces a large number of research papers and books and organises roundta
present-day interest. Its principal activities include International Congress organis
The occasion serves as one of the major assemblies of economists from around the wo
EU slaps Google with 2.42 billion euros Fine
June 27, 2017
The European Unions competition watchdog has fined Google a record 2.42 b
breaching the anti-trust rules by illegally favouring its shopping service.
Commission regulates EU competition rules.
Salient Highlights
According to the European regulators, Google has abused its market dominance by of
advantage to its another product, its comparison shopping service.
The fine of 2.42 billion euro is the biggest fine for a single company in an EU

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exceeds the 1.06-billion-euros slapped on Intel in 2009. EUs action has come af
investigation from the complaints received from Googles rivals such like Yelp, T
price comparison site Foundem, News Corp and lobbying group FairSearch.
The EU has asked Google to stop its anti-competitive practice in 90 days or be
penalty payments up to 5% of Alphabets average daily worldwide turnover.
Time Line
November 2010:
The EU opened its formal inquiry to ascertain whether Google manip
results in a way that favours its own business.
April 2013:Google came forward to change its practice in the hope of ending the EU in
July-December 2013:
EU rejected Googles offer to change its search results as not good
February 2014:
A tentative agreement was reached between the EU and Google on ho
search results.
May 2014:In a separate case, the European Court of Justice had asked Google on t
citizens to remove irrelevant or embarrassing personal information that is being se
of their names.
September 2014:Acting upon the complaints of Googles competitors, the EU made a U
settlement with Google on search results.
April 2015:
EU formally charged Google and opened a preliminary investigation to asce
Google used its Android mobile operating system to rig the market for apps.
June 2017:
The EU has slapped Google a record 2.42 billion euros ($2.72 billion) f
antitrust rules with its online shopping service.
Worlds First ATM celebrates its 50th Birthday
June 27, 2017
The worlds first ATM (automated teller machine) celebrates its 50th anniversary.
decades, ATM machines have heralded a transformation in the way people obtained a
Salient Facts
The ATM machines were the brainchild of Scottish inventor Shepherd-Barron.
The first ATM was opened on June 27, 1967, by Barclays Bank in Enfield, north Lon
English actor Reg Varney became the first person to withdraw cash from the first AT
At present, there are over 3 million cash machines across the globe. Around 70,00
are present in the UK alone.
The Worlds most northerly ATM machine is present at Longyearbyen, Svalbard, No
Southerly ATM is situated at the McMurdo station of the South Pole.
To commemorate the 50th anniversary, Barclays Bank has transformed the fi

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

commissioned at its Enfield branch into gold.


June 28, 2017
Indian Army gets Modern Bullet Proof Helmets
June 28, 2017
After decades of wait, the Indian Army has finally received its first batch of bullet-p
helmets were manufactured by Kanpur-based MKU Industries at the cost of Rs 180
Salient Facts
The new bullet proof helmets are capable of withstanding the impact of 9mm ammun
a short range. The helmets match global standards of equipment for armed forces.
According to MKU, the bullet-proof helmets undergo rigorous quality and ballist
companys testing facilities in India as well as in Germany.
The helmets are designed in such a way that it can be comfortably integrated with
and night-vision devices.
Need
Head forms the most vulnerable part of the body that is prone to get injured dur
operation. As per the studies, nearly 26%-28% soldiers die of head injuries. Bullet p
make a significant difference between life and death during combat operations.
At present, Indian armed forces are using patkas that are worn over outdated i
However, it had severe limitations as they are bulky and heavy, weighing over 2.
capable of protecting only the forehead and back of the head.
Background
The Prime Ministers Office (PMO) had asked NITI Aayog to come up with a r
possibility of encouraging domestic production of light weight body armours. N
March had prepared a draft note on incentivising domestic manufacturing of lig
armours for the army and para-military forces.
Earlier this year, the 30-year old Kanpur-based company, MKU limited, was aw
worth Rs 180 crore to supply nearly 1.6 lakh helmets. In India, MKU and Tata Ad
exports body armour to UN and NATO as well as to the armed forces around the
United Kingdom, Germany and Spain.
India and Netherlands sign 3 Agreements
June 28, 2017
India and the Netherlands have signed three MOUs after the meeting between
Narendra Modi and his Dutch counterpart Mark Rutte in Hague the Netherlands.
visit to the Netherlands has come at a time when both the countries
70 are
years
celebra
of
diplomatic relations.

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Salient Highlights
The Netherlands has backed Indias entry into Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) and o
export control regimes. The Netherlands also supported Indias bid for a perman
Council seat. For its part, India has thanked the Netherlands for its role in India
Missile Technology Control Regime in June 2016. Also, Prime Minister M
Netherlands to join the International Solar Alliance. In addition, both the countrie
their commitment towards Paris climate deal.
Agreements
In total three agreements were signed:
MOU on Cultural Cooperation,
MOU on Water Cooperation
Agreement on Amending Social Security Arrangement
India-Netherlands
After Independence, Indo-Dutch relations have been multifaceted. Since, the 1980s,
have identified India as an important economic partner. The relationship got further
Indias economic liberalisation in the 1990s.
Both the countries have the potential to further collaborate in areas like wat
infrastructure, logistics, ports, highways; inland water transportation; ICT; biote
agro-processing, floriculture; creative design industry etc. Major Indian exports to
includes textiles & garments; electric machinery & equipment; agricultural product
foods including marine products; leather goods etc. The main imports from
include machinery/equipment; medical/optical instruments; chemicals; plastics, and m
Netherlands is host to one of the largest population of people of Indian origin in E
to about 220,000 Indian and Surinami Hindustani Diaspora.
Dr. Manoj Soni takes Oath as UPSC Member
June 28, 2017
Dr Manoj Soni has taken Oath of Office and Secrecy as a member of the Union
Commission (UPSC). The Oath was administered to him by the UPSC Chairman
Syiemlieh.
Born on 17th February 1965, Dr Manoj Soni was a former Vice-Chancellor of
Ambedkar Open University. He became the youngest-ever Vice Chancellor
(India). Manoj Soni is a scholar of Political Science with specialisation in Inter
Studies. He has earned his doctorate in Post-Cold War International Systemic Tran
US Relations from Sardar Patel University.
He has received several awards and recognitions such as Honorary Mayor-Preside

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Baton Rouge from Mayor-President of Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA and W


Congress Global Award for Distance Learning Leadership.
UPSC
UPSC is a constitutional body that conducts the prestigious civil services examina
established under Article 315 of the Constitution and consists of a Chairman and ten
are appointed and removed by President. The chairman and members of the Commis
for a term of six years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier. A
Constitution deals with the appointment and term of office of members.
Odisha to become First State in the Country to Open a Blood Bank for
June 28, 2017
Odisha is set to become the first state in the country to open a blood bank for cattle. T
received the nod from the National Agriculture Development Programme (NA
awaiting the approval from the state government.
Salient Highlights
The blood bank for cattle would be set up on the premises of the Odisha Universit
and Technology (OUAT) at an estimated cost of Rs. 3.25 crore.
60% of the project cost would be funded by the Central government and the rest
funded by the Odisha state government.
Under this initiative, the blood would be procured voluntarily from the cattle farm
bank will also have blood transfusion facility for cattle blood.
The blood bank will help in preventing cattle deaths during deliveries and other ail
come handy in saving the lives of the domesticated animals.
Election Commission joins hands with Facebook to Launch First Tim
Voter Registration Reminder
June 28, 2017
The Election Commission of India has joined hands with Facebook to launch n
registration reminder aimed at reminding eligible Indian voters to register the
electoral rolls.
Salient Highlights
As a part of the initiative, Facebook will activate a unique Register Now button
eligible Indian users to enrol themselves as voters.
The reminder will be made available for four days beginning July 1. When the users
they will be redirected to National Voters Services Portal, where they can regist
voters.
The reminder will be available in 13 languages-English, Hindi, Gujarati, Tamil, Tel

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Kannada, Punjabi, Bengali, Urdu, Assamese, Marathi and Oriya.


In 2016 and 2017, Election Commission had joined hands with Facebook to im
features in selected states during the state elections. However, this is the first tim
carried out all over India.
The Election Commission is expecting to reach over 180 million Indians on Facebo
drive. The initiative aims at enrolling left-out voters with a particular focus on first-t
Election Commission
Election Commission of India is a permanent body entrusted for the conduct
elections. An independent Election Commission has been provided for in Art
Constitution of India. One of the most important functions of the election commissi
an up-to-date list of all the persons who are entitled to vote at the elections.
Election Commission is entrusted with the Election of President; Election of Vice-P
of Lok Sabha as well as Rajya Sabha; Elections to State Legislatures as we
Councils; Reservation of Seats in Lok Sabha and State Legislatures; Qualifications
MLAs; and Determination of population for purposes of the election.
China has launched its Biggest Naval Destroyer
June 28, 2017
China has launched its most powerful naval destroyer, the Type 055, at the Shanghai
destroyer is one among the largest warships in the world.
Analysis
The Type055 vessels will weigh more than 12,000 tonnes when fully armed. The Type
larger and more powerful than Indias latest Project- 15B Visakhapatnam class d
yet to commission Project- 15B Visakhapatnam class destroyers. Indias destr
armed will displace only 8,200 tonnes and are capable of carrying only a mix of near
air, anti-ship and land attack missiles. On the other hand, the Type055 vessels will
120 missiles, making it one of the most heavily-armed ships in the world. Chinese v
with powerful phased array radars that are capable of focusing on targets at sea, on
air. The vessel is more modern and has more sophisticated control and battle manage
Chinese vessels are fitted with powerful phased array radars that are capable of focus
sea, on land and in the air. The vessel is more modern and has more sophisticated co
management system than Indias vessels under construction.
In the last five years, China has launched several naval vessels. From March
commissioned five Type 52D destroyers which have similar capabili
Indias Visakhapatnam class warships. In addition, China has planned to build a f
such naval ships. India, on the other hand, has planned to build only seven ships

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Vishakhapatnam class.
Earlier this year, China had also launched its first indigenous aircraft carrier wh
began only in 2013. Indias indigenous aircraft carrier, the Vikrant whose constructi
since 2009 is unlikely to be completed before 2023.
Growing Chinese naval prowess is a cause of worry to India. In the last five y
increasingly begun to deploy its nuclear submarines, warships and other support vess
Ocean. Indias important maritime ally, the United States has also expressed its dee
the expansion of the Chinese Navy, particularly in the Indian Ocean.
Explained: Petya Ransomware Cyberattack
June 28, 2017
Petya Ransomware is part of a new wave of cyber-attacks and has infected comput
the world.
Extent of Attack
India
In India, the ransomware has crippled the operations at one of the terminals of the J
Port Trust. The affected terminal was being operated by AP Moller-Maersk. The co
the Gateway Terminals India (GTI) which has a capacity to handle 1.8 million sta
units. The attack has impacted the external trade by affecting the systems dealing w
ships at the countrys largest port.
World
The Petya ransomware has hit computer servers all across Europe. Ukraine and Ru
affected countries. The ransomware has also impacted some companies in the US and
European countries.
In the severely affected Ukraine, government offices, energy companies, banks, cas
stations, and supermarkets, Ukrainian Railways, Ukrtelecom, and the Chernobyl
been worst affected.
Petya ransomware
Petya is a ransomware, similar to the Wannacry ransomware. However, it is a
WannaCry cyber-attack. It follows the WannaCrys pattern and locks up the com
cripples the Enterprise services in the corporate sector. Researchers are yet to find w
for this attack. The ransomware demands $300 Bitcoins as ransom to unlock comp
attack is believed to have originated against an update used on a third-party Uk
called MeDoc. This explains why Ukraine is the worst affected.
ISRO successfully launches GSAT-17 Satellite
June 28, 2017

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ISRO has successfully launched GSAT-17 communication Satellite onboard the A


vehicle from the Guiana Space Center at French Guiana on June 28. GSAT-17 will
third satellite that is launched within a span of three months.
Salient Highlights
The 3,477-kg GSAT 17 communication satellite will be placed in the geostationary
have a mission life of 15 years.
The satellite will be an addition to the current fleet of 17 Indian communication s
already providing services from space.
Apart from providing communication services, the satellite will provide meteorologic
based data to help rescue services which were earlier provided by geostationary
Indian National Satellite System (INSAT).
GSAT-17 will provide continuity of services of operational satellites in C, extended C
Once launched, ISROs Master Control Facility at Hassan in Karnataka and B
Pradesh will take over and place the satellite in geostationary orbit. GSAT-17 wa
assembled at the ISRO Satellite Centre in Bengaluru.
In addition, GSAT-17 will also launch communication satellite Hellas Sat 3-Inmars
Sat 3 will provide directly to home television and telecom services across Europe,
South Africa. Inmarsat is set to provide in-flight Internet facilities for European airl
Launch Vehicle
As ISRO is yet to have a launcher that is capable of lifting payloads above 2,000
started testing the GSLV-Mark III for this purpose.
GSAT-17 will be thest21
Indian launch for the Arianespace. ISROs upcoming GSAT- 11
weigh more than 5,000 kg will also be launched by Arianespace.
June 29, 2017
Government issues Notification for roll out of GST
June 29, 2017
The government has notified the roll out of Goods and Services Tax (GST)
st. from July 1
Salient Facts
To launch GST in the midnight of th June
, the30
government has organised a special program
be held in Central Hall of Parliament. The event will see the participation of P
Mukherjee, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley and ot
bureaucrats.
As per the last years Constitutional amendment approved by Parliament, the gover
given time only till 15th of September, 2017. Within that time period, the governmen
the existing indirect tax structure by the GST, failing which may trigger a constituti

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tax can be levied on goods and services. So, the government has ruled out the possibi
the roll out of GST by any further time period.
GST which will subsume a host of indirect levies like excise, service tax and VAT
the nations biggest economic reform.
GST-Background
Goods and Services Tax is a comprehensive indirect tax which is to be levied on th
sale and consumption of goods and services in India. This is so far the biggest ta
country. GST eliminates the cascading effect of taxes because it is taxed at every p
and the input credit is available in the value chain.
France was the first country to introduce GST system in 1954. More than 140
implemented the GST. The Genesis of GST occurred during the previous NDA Gove
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Government when itAsim set upDasgupta
the committtee
o design a model
for GST. The UPA Government took the matter further and announced in 2006 that
be introduced from April 1, 2010. However, so far it was not introduced. All the GST
Constitution (101
st Amendment) Act have been passed now and GST is set to come into
July 1, 2017.
GST would replace almost all vital indirect taxes and cesses on Goods & services
Among the taxe l evied
s by centre
, GST will subsume the following: Central Excise Duty &
Tax, Duties of Excise (Medicinal and Toilet Preparations), Additional Duties of
Special Importance), Additional Duties of Excise (Textiles and Textile Products), A
of Customs (commonly known as CVD), Special Additional Duty of Customs (SAD), a
Central Surcharges and Cesses.
Among the state taxesthat would be replaced by GST include State VAT, Central Sa
Luxury Tax, Entry Tax (all forms), Entertainment and Amusement Tax (except whe
local bodies), Taxes on advertisements, Purchase Tax, Taxes on lotteries, betting an
finally the state Surcharges and Cesses.
NASA achieves a major milestone in developing Quieter Supersonic Je
June 29, 2017
NASA has reached a major milestone in developing a quieter supersonic passenger j
of safely travelling over land.
Salient Highlights
NASA has completed the preliminary design review (PDR) of its Quiet Supers
(QueSST) aircraft design. NASA had forged a partnership with Lockheed Martin, in
for the QueSST preliminary design. With this development, NASA is a step clo
building an X-plane.

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The project falls under the ambit


NASAsof Commercial Supersonic Technology. Project
Quiet Supersonic Transport (QueSST) aircraft design is the initial design stage of N
Low Boom Flight Demonstration experimental
(LBFD) airplane. The LBFD is also know
plane.
QueSST design will be capable of fulfilling the LBFD aircrafts mission objective
developing LBFD aircraft to fly at supersonic speeds which will produce a soft t
creating the disruptive sonic boom associated with supersonic flights of the present d
NASA has already completed testing a scale model of the QueSST design in its s
tunnel located at Glenn Research Centre in Cleveland. In the early next year, NA
contract to build the piloted, single-engine X-plane.
PM Modi inaugurates Centenary Celebrations of Sabarmati Ashram
June 29, 2017
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated the centenary celebrations of Saba
Ahmedabad. The Prime Minister has also released the coin and postal stamp i
Shrimad Rajchandraji on his 150th birth anniversary at Abhay Ghat. Shrimad Rajch
guru to Mahatma Gandhi
Sabarmati Ashram
Sabarmati Ashram otherwise called as Gandhi Ashram, Harijan Ashram, or Satyag
located on the banks of the River Sabarmati. Sabarmati Ashram served as one of t
Mahatma Gandhi for twelve long years. The ashram has been declared as a nationa
the Indian government.
Gandhiji started the Dandi march also called as Salt Satyagraha from Sabarmati Ashr
1930.
Shrimad Rajchandraji
Shrimad Rajchandra is a Jain poet, philosopher, scholar and reformer born in t
Vavania near Morbi. His mother was a Jain and father a Vaishnava Hindu. He was
to Mahatma Gandhi. He is known for his teachings on Jainism. He has written a
letters and commentaries and also translated some religious texts. He go
performing Avdhan, a memory retention and recollection test which gained him popu
India offers $100,000 to UN Tax Fund
June 29, 2017
India has contributed $ 100,000 to the UN Trust Fund for International Cooperatio
(the UN Tax Fund). The fund is aimed at helping the developing countries to activ
the discussion of tax issues. This was announced by the UN Department of Econ
Affairs Office for Financing, Development Office. India has also earned the distinc

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the irst
f countryto make a voluntary contribution to the UN tax fund.
Salient Highlights
The objective of UN Tax Trust Fund is to support the work of the Committee
International Cooperation in Tax Matters (the UN Tax Committee). The funding
supporting the participation of the developing countries in the sub-committee mee
Tax Committee, which are currently unfunded.
The UN and the Committee of Experts on International Cooperation in Tax Ma
calling for the voluntary contributions for the tax fund since its establishment in 2
the contribution to the tax fund was also made at the Addis Ababa Action
was adopted at the third International Conference on Financing for Development in
become the first country to respond to this call. India has expressed its hope that oth
also make similar contributions to the UN fund in near future.
The UN expects that the funding will support more developing countries to draw
practice of other bodies, ensuring effective and efficient global tax cooperation norm
all countries and all stakeholders.
Background
The UN Tax Committee is a subsidiary body of the UN Economic and Social Cou
The UN Tax Committee offers guidance on current issues such as double taxation
pricing, taxation of the extractive industries and taxation of services. It also str
international tax cooperation among national tax authorities. It also makes recom
capacity-building and the provision of technical assistance to developing countrie
with economies in transition.
Addis Ababa Action Agenda provides a global framework for effective mobilisation
the national and international level for sustainable development. Implementation of
supports the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It forms
of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which was unanimously adopted in
US issues New Visa Criteria for Six Muslim Countries
June 29, 2017
The US has issued new criteria for visa applicants from six Muslim countries. T
Court has partially restored President Trumps executive order that banned travel of
six Muslim-majority countries. Presidents executive order was widely criticised as a
Salient Facts
As per the new criteria, applicants from the six Muslim-majority countries must prov
with a parent, spouse, child, adult son or daughter, son-in-law, daughter-in-law o
US. In short, the applicants must prove a close family or business tie to the United

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As per the new guidelines, grandparents, grandchildren, aunts, uncles, nieces, ne


brothers-in-law and sisters-in-law, fiances or other extended family membe
considered as close relations by the US State Department.
However, the applicants can be exempted from the ban if they can prove a bona fi
with a US person or entity. The Supreme Court has given only a broad guide
relationships and has suggested that such bonafide relationships would include a rela
invitation to lecture in the US. The Government lawyers must determine how to
relationship.
The new guidelines are expected to come into force immediately.
Background
Earlier this year, US President Donald Trump had signed an executive order that
people from Muslim-majority countries into the US for a period of 90 days. T
were Iraq, Iran, Libya, Yemen, Somalia, Sudan and Syria. Besides, the order had al
Refugee Admissions Programme for 120 days and indefinitely barred entry of refugee
The executive order and the controversial ban had sparked protests and debates acro
the lower courts of these countries had labelled the ban as discriminatory. Subseque
House had asked the Supreme Court to reinstate a travel ban on people from t
majority countries. Ultimately, the Supreme Courts nine justices overturned the ruli
court and have partially restored President Trumps order.
NALSA has launched Web Application for Legal Services to Prisoner
June 29, 2017
NALSA has launched a web application for free Legal Services to Prisoners at the c
Indian Law Institute, New Delhi. The Conference saw the participation of Membe
administrative officers of 18 State Legal Services Authorities. The Legal Servic
System has been developed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC).
Salient Facts
The State Legal Services Authorities and District Legal Services Authorities will f
application the data for each individual prison inmate in the jails within their jurisd
will have details regarding the representation of prisoners through a counsel in the co
The software will also help in generating reports showing the total number of inmat
of inmates unrepresented, the number of inmates represented by legal services
number of inmates represented by private lawyers. All these information can be
wise, District wise and also with respect to each jail. The software is also capab
information with regard to prisoners eligible for bail under Section 436-A Cr.P.C.

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Significance
The web application will help in making the legal services
more transparent
system . It would be
useful for all the concerned authorities to monitor the grant of legal aid to the priso
make sure that all prisoners are represented right from their first day in the court.
NALSA
NALSA provides for free legal aid inter-alia to all persons in custody. It has been
the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987. It provides services of free legal aid in c
matters for the poor and marginalised people who cannot afford the services of a law
or tribunal. Its aim is to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied
reasons of economic or other disabilities. NALSA also identifies specific categorie
and excluded groups and formulates various schemes for implementation o
programmes. It also organises Lok Adalats for amicable settlement of disputes.
Indian-American appointed as US Ambassador to Peru
June 29, 2017
U.S. President Donald Trump has appointed an Indian-American named Krishna R
US Ambassador to Peru.
Facts
Krishna R Urs is a career service American diplomat who has served at seven US em
several senior leadership positions in Washington, DC. At present, he is serving as C
of the US Embassy in Madrid, Spain. Earlier, he has also served as Deputy Assis
Transportation Affairs and Chief US Government Aviation Negotiator at the Depa
(2010 to 2014)
Krishna R Urs has specialisation in economic issues and has extensive policy
Andean region of South America. He had earned his MS from the University of Texa
Georgetown University.
UNESCO names Sharjah as World Book Capital
June 29, 2017
UNESCO has named Sharjah as the World Book Capital for 2019. Sharjah was chose
to make books accessible to its entire population.
Salient Highlights
Sharjah was selected to underline the efforts taken by it to make books accessible f
many people as possible, especially the marginalised populations. It has followed a
inclusive community-focused activity programme to engage people, in particular
migrant population.
Sharjah is the
19thcity to be named as World Book Capital by the UNESCO. The earlier

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were named as World Book Capital are: Madrid (2001), Alexandria (2002), New
Antwerp (2004), Montreal (2005), Turin (2006), Bogota (2007), Amsterdam (2008),
Ljubljana (2010), Buenos Aires (2011), Yerevan (2012), Bangkok (2013), Port H
Incheon (2015), Wroclaw (2016), Conakry (2017) and Athens (2018).
Sharjah has becomefirst
the among the Gulf Cooperation Council
and third in the Arab world a
the Middle East to receive this prestigious recognition. The GCC countries include B
Oman, Qatar Saudi Arabia and the UAE. Earlier, it has received various accolades lik
Culture (1998), Capital of Islamic Culture (2014), and Capital of Arab Tourism (2015) e
World Book Capital City
UNESCO has been annually designating a city as World Book Capital City beg
designation of Madrid as World Book Capital City in 2001. For designating a city, U
the International Publishers Association, the International Federation of Library
Institutions, and the International Booksellers Federation to nominate and take pa
World Book Capital. The designation of a city does not include any financial
acknowledges the programmes followed by the city dedicated to books and reading.
June 30, 2017
US to sell C-17 Globemaster Transport Aircraft to India
June 30, 2017
US has decided to sell one C-17 transport aircraft to India.
US and India have built a close defence relationship in recent years. The US along
Israel has emerged as a top three arms supplier to India.
Salient Facts
The sale of USD 366.2 million C-17 transport aircraft manufactured by Boeing al
Missile Warning System, one Countermeasures Dispensing System, one Identificatio
(IFF) Transponder and precision navigation equipment. This proposed sale is expe
the capability of India to meet current and future strategic airlift requirements as th
region prone to natural disasters. It will also provide additional capability for human
and disaster relief. In addition, India will be able to provide more rapid strateg
capabilities for its armed forces.
The proposed sale is expected to improve the capability of India to meet current and
airlift requirements as the country lies in a region prone to natural disasters. It
additional capability for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief. In addition, In
provide more rapid strategic combat airlift capabilities for its armed forces.
At Present, India is using C-17 aircraft and according to Pentagon, the sale of this
alter the basic military balance in the region. The Boeing C-17A Globemaster II

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aircraft is one of the most flexible cargo aircraft of the US Air Force fleet. The a
of strategic delivery of up to 170,900 pounds of personnel and/or equipment to opera
In addition, the aircraft is capable of short field landings with a full cargo load.
The Boeing C-17A Globemaster III military airlift aircraft is one of the most flexibl
the US Air Force fleet. The aircraft is capable of strategic delivery of up to 17
personnel and/or equipment to operating locations. In addition, the aircraft is capab
landings with a full cargo load. The aircraft will have a fully integrated electro
advanced cargo delivery system. It can carry out tactical airlift and airdrop mi
transport litters and ambulatory patients.
The aircraft will have a fully integrated electronic cockpit and advanced cargo delive
carry out tactical airlift and airdrop missions as well as transport litters and ambulato
SIERRA ODC building in Coimbatore receives Worlds Second Highe
Rating
June 30, 2017
SIERRA ODC building has been recognised as the worlds second highest ranking
The building has scored 103 points out of 110 under LEED certification.
Salient Facts
The SIERRA ODC is a three-storeyed building which has been constructed by
emphasis on increasing the efficiency of resource use such as energy, water or materi
The building has managed water use efficiency of 89% by using water saving fixtu
wastage. In the building, water is recycled 100%.
The building is a carbon-neutral building. The building was the first to impleme
called Amorphous Silicon Thin Building Vortec for the first time in South Indi
technology, photovoltaic modules produce power at the low cost per watt.
Green Buildings
Green Buildings are designed and operated to reduce the overall impact of the built
human health and the natural environment. The green buildings efficiently use en
other resources, protects occupant health, improves employee productivity, and
pollution and environmental degradation. Besides a Green Building has tremendou
benefits and provides a better place for the occupants to live and work in. So the mai
green building is to achieve all its benefits at an affordable cost.
The aim of a green building design is to minimize the demand on n
resources, maximize the utilization efficiency of these resources, when in use, an
reuse, recycling, and utilization of renewable resources.

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ADB commits USD 10 billion to support development of States in Ind


June 30, 2017
The Asian Development Bank has committed USD 10 billion to support infrastruct
to cater to the immediate development needs of less-developed States in India. This
by ADB President Takehiko Nakao during his 3-day visit to India.
Salient Highlights
The ADB president has said that the bank is ready to meet immediate critical infras
less developed states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha and Chhattisgar
five years.
ADB has also assured its support to relatively lesser developed states in the area of
urban development, and health services.
ADBs President has also in-principle accepted Indias suggestion of setting up a re
Delhi to cater to the needs of the South Asia region.
As per the estimates of ADB, India is expected to grow by 7.4% in the current fi
7.6% in 2018-19.
ADB
ADB is multilateral lending agency based in Manila, Philippines. It was establishe
1966. It aims to reduce poverty in Asia and the Pacific region through inclusive
sustainable growth, and regional integration. It provides finance to both sovereign c
as to the private parties. It provides hard loans to middle-income countries and sof
countries.
ADB has 67 members 48 from the Asia-Pacific region including India and is colle
these 67 members. The non-Asia Pacific region members are only developed countr
ADBs lending is concentrated in five operational areas viz. Education; Envir
Change & Disaster Management; Finance Sector Development; Regional Cooperation
and Private sector lending.
Germany legalises Same-Sex Marriage
June 30, 2017
Germany has legalised same-sex marriage in line with a host of other European cou
lawmakers had voted 393 for- and 226 against legalising same-sex marriage.
Salient Facts
Since 2001 Germany permits same-sex couples to enter into civil partnerships bu
them full marital rights which include the possibility to jointly adopt children.
The new law can enter into force after receiving the nod from the upper house of Par
President, though those are formalities.

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Though Chancellor Angela Merkel had voted against the measure, she had all
members to vote as per their conscience. The move has to be seen
of upcoming September 24 general elections in Germany. This bill is one of the
introduced in parliament before the September general elections. In her 12 years
Merkel has steered her party clear of conservative orthodoxy. She has been credited
Germanys exit from nuclear power and ending military conscription.
Many European countries have a same-sex marriage law. In the countries like N
Denmark (excluding the Faroe Islands), Finland, Iceland, the Netherlands, Belgium
Luxembourg, France, the UK (except Northern Ireland and Jersey), and the Repub
marriages are legally recognised. But in Austria and Italy, only civil partnerships are
Money Parked by Indians in Swiss banks hit record low
June 30, 2017
According to the data released by Zurich-based SNB, money parked by Indians in S
nearly halved to 676 Swiss francs (about Rs. 4,500 crore) in 2016. The data release co
new framework for the automatic exchange of information between Switzerland and
the menace of black money. SNB (Swiss National Bank) is Switzerlands central bank
Salient Highlights
During 2016, the total money held by Indians fell by 45 % to stand at CHF 675.75
the biggest ever yearly decline in such funds. Out of the total funds, CHF 377 million
of customer deposits, about CHF 98 million owed to Indians through other bank
million constitutes other liabilities. The funds reported in 2016 is the low
funds possessed by Indians in the Swiss banks ever since 1987 and marks the third
decline. Apart from this year, since 1987, the earlier lowest ever figure was recorded
723 million.
On the other hand, the funds held through fiduciaries was nearly $11 million. The
used to be in billions till 2007 has been falling since then due to the regulatory crack
the funds held by Indians with Swiss banks was CHF 6.5 billion (Rs 23,000 crore) at 2
present, the funds have come down to nearly one-tenth of that level. Except in 201
quantum of funds held by Indians has seen a decline.
Swiss banks have said that Indians have parked their money in other global fin
Singapore and Hong Kong after a global clampdown was initiated on the mighty b
practices in Switzerland.
Background
In November 2016, India and Switzerland had signed a Joint Declaration for im
Automatic Exchange of Information (AEOI) in respect of accounts of Indians held a

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pact, both countries will start collecting data in accordance with the global standa
exchange it from 2019 onwards.
Switzerland agreed for the introduction of the AEOI (Automatic Exchange of info
matters under the guidance of G20, OECD and other global organisations. AEOI, bas
Reporting Standards, when implemented fully would put in place a system wherein
information will be sent periodically from the source country of income to the coun
of the taxpayer. It would enable India to get access to information virtually fro
countries in the world including offshore financial centres.
In June 2017, Switzerland has ratified automatic exchange of financial account in
India and 40 other countries. This will facilitate Switzerland to share information
black money with India and other 40 nations.
Ankit Kawatra bags Queens Young Leaders Award for 2017
June 30, 2017
Anti-hunger activist Ankit Kawatra has been awarded the Queens Young Leaders A
Queen Elizabeth II at a ceremony in the Buckingham Palace.
Salient Facts
The Queens Young Leaders Award recognises exceptional work towards solvin
malnutrition in India.
Ankit Kawatra is the founder of Feeding India, an organisation which works tow
hunger and food wastage in India. The organisation which was established in 2014 f
43 Indian cities with the help of 4,500 volunteers serving 8 million meals to the need
Queens Young Leader Awards
The award was established by The Queen Elizabeth Jubilee Trust, the Royal Commo
and Comic Relief. The awards mark the Queen Elizabeths 60 years on the thro
decades of service to Commonwealth nations.
The award highlights the importance of solving the problem of hunger and take actio
million people around the world who do not even have basic food and nutrition.
The award identifies and supports 60 exceptional young people from across the C
aged 18-29 who have made a lasting difference by transforming the lives of others.
NASA launches Rocket to produce Colourful Artificial Clouds
June 30, 2017
The NASA has successfully launched Terrier-Improved Malemute sound
created colourful artificial clouds visible in the skies of the US. The rocket was la
Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia.

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Salient Facts
The rocket during the 8-minute flight had released 10 canisters about the size of a
space. It was ejected about 9 to 19 kilometres away from the 300-kg main payload.
The canisters deployed blue-green and red vapour that formed artificial clouds visib
the United States from New York to North Carolina. The artificial clouds are
the interaction of barium, strontium and cupric-oxide. The vapour tracers will help in
the movement of the particles in the ionosphere. It will help to learn more about th
the air currents at that altitude.
The artificial clouds or vapour tracers will help in understanding the movement of th
ionosphere. It will help to learn more about the movement of the air currents at th
will permit scientists on the ground to visually track particle motions in space. Th
ejection system will also help scientists to gather information over a much larger area
possible. Sounding rockets have been in use for more than 40 years to carry scien
scientific missions that usually last five to 20 minutes.
Sounding rockets have been in use for more than 40 years to carry science payloa
missions that usually last five to 20 minutes.
Ionosphere
The ionosphere is called so because it is ionised by solar radiation. It plays an
in atmospheric electricity
and forms the inner edge of the magnetosphere. Ionosphere
from 50 to 1,000 km and typically overlaps both the exosphere and the thermosphere.
importance because it influences, for example, radio propagation on the Earth. It is
for auroras.
Mizoram: 31st Anniversary of Mizo Peace Accord Celebrated
June 30, 2017
The 31st anniversary of the signing of the historic Mizo peace accord on June
celebrated in Mizoram. The Mizo Accord was signed by the Mizo Nationa
leader Laldenga, Mizoram Chief Secretary Lalkhama, and Union Home Secretary R
accord ushered in an era of peace after 20 years of violence and disturbance that ham
Mizo Peace Accord-Significance
On pre-condition of statehood to Mizoram, the Mizo Accord was signed. The
surrendered en masse and government fulfilled its promise by giving full-fledged
Mizoram, along with its own High Court. Mizo was notified as an official Indi
university was proposed. Mizo religious and social customs were promised
protection. As per the accord, the MNF agreed to forgo all contacts with other insu
the Northeast.

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Mizo Accord is considered to be the most successful agreement with insurge


established under the accord has been sustained in Mizoram for over 30 ye
achievement when the situation in parts of Manipur, Nagaland and Assam still re
and unsettled.
Compendium of Multiple Choice Questions
Below 260 Questions were published in GKTodays Current Aairs Quiz Section from June 1
to June 30, 2017.

1. India has signed how much amount of loan agreement with the World Bank (WB
Pradesh Public Financial Management Capacity Building Programme?
[A] $68 million
[B] $56 million
[C] $36 million
[D] $45 million
Answer: C [$36 million]
Explanation:
India has recently signed a loan agreement of $36 million with the World Bank (WB) for
Himachal Pradesh Public Financial Management Capacity Building Programme. The purpose
of the project is to improve the eciency of public expenditure management and tax
administration in Himachal Pradesh. The programme size is $45 million, of which $36 million
will be nanced by the Bank, and the remaining amount will be funded out of State Budget.
The programme duration is 5 years.

2. Who has been appointed as the new Economic Affairs Secretary?


[A] Arvind Mayaram
[B] Shaktikanta Das
[C] Vijay Kelkar
[D] Tapan Ray
Answer: D [Tapan Ray]
Explanation:
Tapan Ray, the 1982 batch Gujarat cadre IAS ocer and currently the corporate aairs
secretary, has taken additional charge as the new Economic Aairs Secretary. He succeeded
Shaktikanta Das, who retired on May 31, 2017 after serving the government for 37 years in
various capacities.

3. Which country to host 2017 board of governors meeting of Asian Infrastructure In


(AIIB)?
[A] South Korea

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[B] China
[C] India
[D] South Africa
Answer: A [South Korea ]
Explanation:
The 2nd annual meeting of the board of governors of the Asian Infrastructure Investment
Bank (AIIB) will be held in Jeju, South Korea from June 14-15, 2017. The purpose of the AIIB is
to promote economic development of the region by supporting major infrastructure projects.
From India, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley will attend the meeting. AIIB is headed by Jin Liqun,
the former Assistant Chinese Finance Minister. D J Pandian from India is the Vice President
and Chief Investment Ocer of the organization.

4. Who has been appointed as the new chairman of National Commission for Sc
(NCSC)?
[A] Keshav Prasad Maurya
[B] Ram Shankar Katheria
[C] P M Kamalamma
[D] PL Poonia
Answer: B [Ram Shankar Katheria]
Explanation:
Ram Shankar Katheria, a BJP MP from Agra, has been appointed as the new chairman of
National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) for a period of three years. The post has
been lying vacant since the retirement of the previous chairman PL Poonia in 2016. Beside
this, L. Murugan has appointed as Vice-Chairman of the NCSC and K. Ramulu, Dr. Yogendra
Paswan and Dr. Swaraj Vidwan as its Members. The commission is a constitutional body to
safeguard interests of the dalits.

5. Indias first freight village will be set up in which of the following cities?
[A] New Delhi
[B] Udaipur
[C] Varanasi
[D] Chennai
Answer: C [Varanasi]
Explanation:
Indias rst freight village will be developed by the Inland Waterways Authority of India
(IWAI) in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. The freight village, a one-of-its-kind infrastructure
platform, will attract companies that require logistics services and can cluster to improve
their competitiveness. This will allow relocation of retailers, warehouse operators and
logistics service providers supplying the regional FMCG market. The facility will come around

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the proposed multi-modal terminal adjacent to the city on the banks of the Ganga.

6. Which Indian personality has been appointed public policy fellow to Wo


International Centre for Scholars?
[A] Gopalaswami Parthasarathy
[B] Rakesh Sood
[C] Srinivas Kumar Sinha
[D] Nirupama Rao
Answer: D [Nirupama Rao]
Explanation:
Nirupama Rao, the former Indian Ambassador to US, has been appointed as a public policy
fellow to a Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (WWICS) where she will work
on a project on the Sino-India ties. Rao will be aliated with the Wilson Centres Asia
program and spend 3 months in residence at the Wilson Centre from June 2017, which is a
key non-partisan policy forum for tackling global issues. The WWICS is the living, national
memorial to President Wilson, created by Congress in 1968 and headquartered in
Washington DC. The Wilson Center provides a strictly nonpartisan space for the worlds of
policymaking and scholarship to interact.

7. Which country to host 2017 Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)?


[A] Kazakhstan
[B] Uzbekistan
[C] Tajikistan
[D] Kyrgyzstan
Answer: A [Kazakhstan]
Explanation:
The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit will be held in Astana, Kazakhstan on
June 8-9, 2017. In this summit, India and Pakistan will become full members of the
organization. The SCO is a Eurasian political, economic, and military organisation which was
founded in 2001 in Shanghai by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia,
Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. It is mainly aimed at military cooperation between the members
and involves intelligence- sharing, counter-terrorism operations in Central Asia. Afghanistan,
Belarus, India, Iran, Mongolia and Pakistan have observer status.

8. The World Milk Day (WMD) is observed on which date?


[A] June 3
[B] June 1
[C] June 4
[D] June 5
Answer: B [June 1]

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Explanation:
The World Milk Day (WMD) is observed every year on June 1 by the Food and Agriculture
Organization (FAO) to recognise the importance of milk as a global food. The day is intended
to provide an opportunity to bring attention to activities that are connected with the dairy
sector. In India, the National Milk Day (NMD) is observed every year on November 26 to
mark the birth anniversary of of Dr. Verghese Kurien, the father of Indias White Revolution.

9. Who has become the first Indian woman to scale Mt. Everest from China side?
[A] Radhika GR
[B] Anshu Jamsenpa
[C] Anita Kundu
[D] Arunima Sinha
Answer: C [Anita Kundu]
Explanation:
Anita Kundu, a Haryana police sub-inspector from Hisar, has made history by becoming the
rst Indian woman to climb Mount Everest from the China side on May 2017. Earlier, she had
scaled the Mt. Everest from Nepal side in May 2013.

10. The Sri Venkateswara National Park is located in which state?


[A] Kerala
[B] Karnataka
[C] Himachal Pradesh
[D] Andhra Pradesh
Answer: D [Andhra Pradesh]
Explanation:
The Sri Venkateshwara National Park is located at Chittoor and Cuddapah districts in Andhra
Pradesh. The total area of the park is 353 km2. The park is known for its many waterfalls
including the Talakona, Gundalakona and Gunjana. It is home to hyena, golden jackal, Indian
fox, small Indian civet, jungle cat, etc.

11. Which Indian organisation has won the 2017 Asia Pacific Quality Network (APQ
[A] Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)
[B] National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC)
[C] Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
[D] Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
Answer: B [National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC)]
Explanation:
The National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) of India has won prestigious
International Award of Asia Pacic Quality Network (APQN) titled APQN Quality Award 2017

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for International Co-operation in Quality Assurance in Moscow, Russia on May 26, 2017. The
NAAC is an organisation that assesses and accredits institutions of higher education in India.
Its headquarters is located in Bangalore, Karnataka.

12. Who has been sworn-in as the new President of Serbia?


[A] Ivica Dacic
[B] Tomislav Nikolic
[C] Dragan Sutanovac
[D] Aleksandar Vucic
Answer: D [Aleksandar Vucic]
Explanation:
Aleksandar Vucic, the chairman of the Serbian Progressive Party (SNS), has been sworn-in as
the new President of Serbia on May 31, 2017 and succeeded Tomislav Nikolic. He won the
2017 Serbian Presidential election by 55% of votes on April 2017. Prior to this post, Vucic
was the Prime Minister of Serbia.

13. Which state government has launched digital wallet T-Wallet for people wi
mobile phones?
[A] Karnataka
[B] Odisha
[C] Telangana
[D] Manipur
Answer: C [Telangana ]
Explanation:
The Telangana Government has ocially launched a digital wallet T-Wallet, which doesnt
charge transaction fee from consumers. This is the rst ocial e-wallet from any state
government in India. The wallet can be used over the web version. One can top up the wallet
using credit or debit cards, Internet banking or through cash at Mee Seva centres. It allows a
maximum transaction of Rs. 1 lakh for e-KYC (know your customer) users. For non-KYC users,
the limit is set to Rs. 20,000. The wallet is developed by Transaction Analysts (TA) & Vijaya
Bank is a banking partner for the initiative. Presently, the wallet is available in Android
version and supports English, Telugu and Urdu.

14. What is the Indias rank in the 2017 Global Peace Index, as per global think t
Economics and Peace (IEP)?
[A] 141st
[B] 133rd
[C] 155th
[D] 137th
Answer: D [137th]

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Explanation:
India has ranked 137th out of 163 countries on the 2017 Global Peace Index (GPI), published
by The Institute of Economics and Peace (IEP). The 2017 GPI provides a comprehensive
analysis on the state of peace. It shows that amidst continuing social and political turmoil,
the world continues to spend enormous resources on creating and containing violence but
very little on peace. The index is topped by Iceland, followed by New Zealand, Portugal,
Austria and Denmark, whereas Syria remains the least peaceful country in the world,
followed by Afghanistan, Iraq, South Sudan, and Yemen.

15. Who is the newly appointed Executive Director (ED) of Reserve Bank of India (R
[A] Chandan Sinha
[B] Arvind Mayaram
[C] S Ganesh Kumar
[D] Rajiv Mehrishi
Answer: C [S Ganesh Kumar ]
Explanation:
S Ganesh Kumar has been appointed the new Executive Director (ED) of Reserve Bank of
India (RBI). He succeeded Chandan Sinha, who has taken voluntary retirement on May 31,
2017. As Executive Director (ED), Kumar will look after the departments of Information
Technology, Payment and Settlement Systems and External Investments and Operations.
Prior to being promoted as ED, he was Chief General Manager-in-Charge, Department of
Information Technology. Currently, the central bank has 11 Executive Directors.

16. Which state government will collaborate with UNDOC to intensify anti-drug driv
[A] Punjab
[B] Haryana
[C] Uttar Pradesh
[D] Madhya Pradesh
Answer: A [Punjab]
Explanation:
The Punjab government has decided to collaborate with the United Nations Oce on Drugs
and Crime (UNODC) as part of its eorts to root out the drug menace in the State. The MoU
will be signed between the health department, the Special Task Force (STF) on drugs and the
UNODC in the second week of June 2017. It was also decided to develop a roadmap for the
project implementation for which a project committee will be set up. The committee will be
headed by principal secretary (Health) with STF chief ADGP Harpreet Singh Sidhu as co-
convenor, besides two representatives of UNODC.

17. Indias first automatic coastal warning for disasters will come up in which state?
[A] Tamil Nadu
[B] Maharashtra

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[C] Odisha
[D] Andhra Pradesh
Answer: C [Odisha ]
Explanation:
Indias rst automatic coastal warning for disasters will come up in Odisha from July 2017.
Through alert system, Odisha will be able to warn its coastal population by pressing a single
button from a control room in the Odisha capital in the event of natural disasters like
tsunami or cyclone. The loud sirens will then go o simultaneously from towers at 122 spots
locations including tourist destinations, sh landing centres and coastal habitations. The new
system will also enable authorities to alert people in smaller pockets, depending on the
severity of the disaster.

18. Parvathama RajKumar, who passed away recently, was the noted personality of w
[A] Film Industry
[B] Politics
[C] Journalism
[D] Law
Answer: A [Film Industry]
Explanation:
Parvathamma Rajkumar (77), Kannada lm producer and the wife of the legendary Kannada
superstar Dr Rajkumar, has passed away in Bangalore, Karnataka on May 31, 2017. She was
the rst woman producer, distributor, exhibitor who only marketed Kannada lms. She
produced 87 lms under her banner Vajreshwari Combines one of the oldest and most
successful banners in Kannada lm and Poornima Enterprises.

19. S. Abdul Rahman, who passed away recently, was the famous poet of which langua
[A] Kannada
[B] Tamil
[C] Odia
[D] Telugu
Answer: B [Tamil]
Explanation:
Tamil poet S. Abdul Rahman (79), popularly known as Kavikko, has passed away in
Chennai, Tamil Nadu on June 2, 2017. He belonged to the Vanambadi literary movement and
was one of the most admired poets of modern Tamil literature. His poetry collection
Aalapanai won the prestigious Sahitya Akademi award in the year 1999. Apart from that he
has won a lot of awards. His noted works includes Aalapanai, Paal veedhi, Neyar viruppam,
Pithan, etc.

20. Miroslav Lajcak will be the new President of United Nations General Assemb

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

which country?
[A] Slovakia
[B] Fiji
[C] Uruguay
[D] Senegal
Answer: A [Slovakia]
Explanation:
Miroslav Lajcak, the Slovak foreign minister, has been elected as the new President of the
United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) at UN Headquarters in New York for the upcoming
72nd session. He will succeed Peter Thomson on September 12, 2017. The UNGA is the
powerful body of 193 Member States that provides a forum for multilateral discussion of the
full spectrum of international issues covered by the UN Charter. It meets in regular session
intensively from September to December each year, and thereafter as required. The 72nd
session of the UNGA will commence from September 12, 2017.

21. Who will become the new Prime Minister of Ireland?


[A] Leo Varadkar
[B] Brian Cowen
[C] Mary McAleese
[D] Enda Kenny
Answer: A [Leo Varadkar]
Explanation:
Leo Varadkar, the leader of the Fine Gael Party, will become the new Prime Minister of
Ireland after defeating his rival Simon Coveney with 60% of votes. Varadkar will become the
rst gay Prime Minister and will also be the countrys youngest ever leader. He will succeed
Taoiseach Enda Kenny as leader of the centre-right party in June 2017.

22. Who has been appointed as the new CEO of Prasar Bharti?
[A] CK Prasad
[B] Shashi Shekhar Vempati
[C] Rajeev Singh
[D] S C Panda
Answer: B [Shashi Shekhar Vempati]
Explanation:
Shashi Shekhar Vempati, a former principal architect of Infosys Technologies, has been
appointed the new chief executive ocer (CEO) of public broadcaster Prasar Bharati for a
period of ve years. Currently, Vempati is a part-time member of the Prasar Bharati Board.
The appointment comes 7 months after the last Jawhar Sircar resigned from the post. He will
succeed Rajeev Singh, member (nance) of the board, who was serving as the interim CEO

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

after S C Panda retired in 2017.

23. What is the Indias rank in the 2017 global Multi-dimensional Poverty Index (MP
[A] 45th
[B] 58th
[C] 37th
[D] 26th
Answer: C [37th]
Explanation:
India has been ranked 37th out of 103 nations in the 2017 global Multi-dimensional Poverty
Index (MPI), according to a new report by the Oxford Poverty & Human Development
Initiative. The OPHI is an economic research centre at the Oxford University, led by Professor
Sabina Alkire. The 2017 global MPI has covered 76% of the worlds population, living in 103
countries. The index measures the nature and intensity of poverty, based on the prole of
overlapping deprivations each poor person experiences. It aggregates these into meaningful
indexes that can be used to inform targeting and resource allocation and to design policies
that tackle the interlinked dimensions of poverty together.

24. Which committee has been formed by the Securities and Exchange Board of
corporate governance?
[A] Uday Kotak committee
[B] Naysa Modi committee
[C] Tejas Muthusamy committee
[D] Saketh Sundar committee
Answer: A [Uday Kotak committee]
Explanation:
The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has formed committee to improve
standards of corporate governance of listed companies. The committee under the
chairmanship of Uday Kotak, chief of Kotak Mahindra Bank, will submit the report within a
period of 4 months. The committee would make recommendations to SEBI on ensuring
independence in spirit of independent directors and their active participation in functioning
of the company and steps for improving safeguards and disclosures pertaining to related
party transactions. Besides, the panel would suggest measures for addressing issues faced
by investors on voting and participation in general meetings and ways for improving
eectiveness of board evaluation practices.

25. Which Indian-American student has won the 90th Scripps Naional Spelling Bee c
[A] Sreeniketh Vogoti
[B] Ananya Vinay
[C] Rohan Sachdev

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

[D] Shourav Dasari


Answer: B [Ananya Vinay]
Explanation:
Ananya Vinay (12), the 6th-grader from California, has won the 90th Scripps National
Spelling Bee competition by successfully spelling marocain in the nal round at the
Gaylord National Resort & Convention Center in National Harbor, Maryland on June 1, 2017.
She won $40,000 in cash among other prizes. Ananya is the 13th consecutive Indian-
American to win the bee and the 18th of the past 22 winners with Indian heritage, a run that
began in 1999 with Nupur Lalas victory.

26. Which film will represent India at the 52nd Karlong Vary International Film Fe
[A] Khibula
[B] Cakemaker
[C] Ralang Road
[D] Falling
Answer: C [Ralang Road]
Explanation:
Nepali-Hindi lm Ralang Road will represent India at the 52nd Karlovy Vary International Film
Festival at Karlovy Vary in Czech Republic, which is scheduled to be held from June 30 to July
8, 2017. It will be after 13 years that an Indian lm will compete with other international
lms at this lm festival. Ralang Road tells the stories of four people living in the Himalayan
countryside. The lm explores cultural immigration and lifestyles in a complex social setup.
The lm is directed by Karma Takapa and produced by HumanTrail Pictures.

27. Who has won boys singles title at the 2017 HCL Asian Junior Tennis Championsh
[A] Piyush Salekar
[B] Vikrat Mehta
[C] Kaivalya Kalamse
[D] Nitin Kumar Sinha
Answer: D [Nitin Kumar Sinha]
Explanation:
Indian wild card Nitin Kumar Sinha has won the boys singles title at the 2017 HCL Asian
Junior Tennis Championship. He defeated Malaysian player Christian Didier Chin in a nal
match held at the Shri Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex, Mahalunge Balewadi, in Pune. In
girls singles nal, Mihika Yadav defeated top seed Mahak Jain in two straight sets 6-3, 6-3.
The championship is the second highest tournament anywhere in the world after the junior
grand slams and provides top Indian players a chance to compete against their global
counterparts as well as earn valuable ITF points to build on their overall international
ranking.

28. Who has become the first Indian to be nominated as a member of the ITT

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Referees Committee (URC)?


[A] S. Sridhar
[B] Raksheet Kota
[C] Ganeshan Neelakanta Iyer
[D] Pankaj Awasthi
Answer: C [Ganeshan Neelakanta Iyer]
Explanation:
Ganeshan Neelakanta Iyer has become the rst Indian to be nominated as a member of the
ITTF Umpires and Referees Committee (URC). His term will be for two years and is
extendable. Iyer is the only assigned competition manager of the International Table Tennis
Federation (ITTF) in India. Beside this, Ganeshan has also been recommended as the
Technical Commissioner from the Asian Continent to ITTF and his term will be for a period of
four years. He is also the chairman of the South Asian Federation technical committee and a
member of the Technical Committee of the Commonwealth Table Tennis Federation (CTTF).

29. The researchers of which IIT institute has developed a wireless technology
monitor hospital-bound patients?
[A] IIT Kharagpur
[B] IIT Madras
[C] IIT Varanasi
[D] IIT Roorkee
Answer: A [IIT Kharagpur]
Explanation:
The researchers at IIT Kharagpur has developed a wireless technology AmbuSens for
remote monitoring of patients condition ferried in ambulances. The technology will allow
doctors to monitor ECG, heart-rate, temperature and blood-pressure of patients moving in
ambulances and tted with wireless sensors. This will help doctors to advise technicians
travelling with the patient to deal with the situation. The web interface of the AmbuSens
system provides an easy-to-use graphical interface for doctors and paramedics alike with
data visualisation tools such as real-time ECG graph. It can be accessed from internet-
enabled laptops, tablets and smartphones.

30. The Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary is located in which state?


[A] Sikkim
[B] Tripura
[C] Bihar
[D] Uttar Pradesh
Answer: B [Tripura]
Explanation:

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The Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Tripura that covers an area of about 389.54 sq
km. It is home to animals like elephants, sambar, bualo, yapping deer, sarow, wild goa, etc.
The sanctuary is one of the prominent sanctuaries that speck the bush clad landscapes of
Tripura; this sanctuary is a sign of the common legacy of the state and arms the various
Tripura wild life and it is one of the best places of the animal visitors.

31. What is the theme of 2017 World Environment Day (WED)?


[A] Green Economy: Does it include you?
[B] Raise Your Voice Not The Sea Level
[C] Connecting People to Nature
[D] Think.Eat.Save
Answer: C [Connecting People to Nature]
Explanation:
The World Environment Day (WED) is observed every year on June 5 to raise awareness
about forests and wider issues of environmental protection. The 2017 theme is Connecting
People to Nature. It implores us to get outdoors and into nature, to appreciate its beauty
and to take forward the call to protect the Earth that we share. The host country for the WED
2017 is Canada, where the ocial celebrations take place.

32. Who has clinched the 2017 mens singles title at the Thailand Grand Prix G
tournament?
[A] Akhilesh Das Gupta
[B] B Sai Praneeth
[C] Jonatan Christie
[D] Kidambi Srikanth
Answer: B [B Sai Praneeth]
Explanation:
Bhamidipati Sai Praneeth from India has won the Mens Singles Crown in the Thailand Open
Grand Prix Gold badminton tournament by defeating Indonesias Jonatan Christie in a tough
three-game nal on June 4, 2017 in Bangkok. This is the rst Grand Prix Gold title for Sai
Praneeth.

33. Which football club has won the 2017 UEFA Champions League trophy?
[A] Juventus
[B] Milan
[C] Barcelona
[D] Real Madrid
Answer: D [Real Madrid]
Explanation:

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Real Madrid has won the 2017 UEFA Champions League football competition by defeating
Juventus 41 in the nal. This is the rst time in UEFA Champions League a team wo
consecutive seasons. Thus, Real Madrid became the rst team in the UEFA Champions
League era to successfully defend their title. Real Madrid is a professional football club based
in Madrid, Spain.

34. Indias first smartcard-based Public Bicycle Sharing (PBS) initiative Trin Trin
which city?
[A] Mysuru
[B] New Delhi
[C] Lucknow
[D] Chennai
Answer: A [Mysuru]
Explanation:
Indias rst smartcard-based Public Bicycle Sharing (PBS) initiative has launched in Mysuru,
Karnataka on June 4, 2017. The cost of the project, partly funded by World Banks Global
Environmental Facility, for the next six years is Rs 20.5 crore, covering the maintenance of
the docking stations and bicycles. About 450 bicycles will be available for public use in the
city. To rent a bicycle, the citizens of Mysuru or tourists need to register themselves either
online or by visiting one of the six registration centres situated close to tourism centres and
obtain a smart card after paying Rs. 350, including a refundable deposit of Rs. 250. Though
the use of the bicycle is free for the rst one hour, the users will have to pay a nominal fee of
Rs. 5 for two hours, Rs. 10 for three hours and so on.

35. Who has become the new Solicitor General of India?


[A] Tushar Mehta
[B] Pinky Anand
[C] Ranjit Kumar
[D] P S Narsimha
Answer: C [Ranjit Kumar]
Explanation:
Ranjit Kumar is the present Solicitor General of India, whose tenure has been extended by
the Government of India (GoI). Beside this, the terms of Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi and
ve other senior law ocers have also been extended. The Additional Solicitor Generals who
have been given extension for an indenite period are Pinky Anand, Maninder Singh, P S
Patwalia, Tushar Mehta and P S Narsimha. The Attorney General, along with the Solicitor
General and Additional Solicitor General, represents the government in various courts and
tender legal advice on complex issues.

36. What is the Indias GDP growth rate in 2018, as per latest World Banks G
Prospects (GEP) report?

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[A] 7.5%
[B] 7.7%
[C] 7.2%
[D] 7.6%
Answer: A [7.5%]
Explanation:
The World Bank (WB) in its latest report Global Economic Prospects (GEP) has projected
Indias GDP growth rate at 7.5% in 2018 and 7.7% in 2019. As per the report, the World Bank
has also projected a strong 7.2% growth rate for India in FY 2017 against 6.8% growth in
2016, as India is recovering from the temporary adverse eects of demonetisation. However,
World Bank has maintained its forecast for global growth in 2017 and 2018 unchanged at
2.7% and 2.9% respectively, as manufacturing and trade are picking up and condence is
improving.

37. Which country has topped the 2017 A T Kearney Global Retail Development Ind
[A] China
[B] India
[C] Malaysia
[D] Vietnam
Answer: B [India ]
Explanation:
India has acquired the top position among 30 developing countries on ease of doing business
at the 2017 A.T. Kearney Global Retail Development Index (GRDI). The 2017 GRDI titled The
Age of Focus ranked China at second place, followed by Malaysia, Turkey, United Arab
Emirates (UAE) and Vietnam. The 16th edition of GRDI ranked top 30 developing countries
for retail investment worldwide and analyzed 25 macroeconomic and retail-specic variables
to help retailers devise successful global strategies to identify emerging market investment
opportunities.

38. ISRO has successfully launched GSAT-19 communication satellite through which
[A] GSLV Mark III
[B] GSLV Mark IV
[C] GSLV Mark II
[D] GSLV Mark V
Answer: A [GSLV Mark III]
Explanation:
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has successfully launched its 3136 kg
GSAT-19 communication satellite with its brand new and heaviest Geosynchronous
Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark-III D-1 (GSLV-Mk III D-1) satellite into Geosynchronous Transfer

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Orbit (GTO) from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh on
June 5, 2017. The satellite GSAT-19 has an intended life span of 10 years and is developed to
improve telecommunication and broadcasting areas. The GSLV-Mk III is popularly known as
fat boy and is developed for 15 years at a cost of around Rs 300 crore. The rocket is
capable of carrying payloads of up to 4,000 kg into the GTO and 10,000 kg into the Low
Earth Orbit (LEO). The GSLV-Mk III is a three stage rocket. Its rst stage is made of two strap
on motors lled with solid fuel. The second stage uses the liquid fuel and the third is the
cryogenic upper stage C25, which is powered by the highly complex indigenous cryogenic
engine CE20. The number 20 denotes the 20-ton thrust it generates for the rocket to reach
the intended height with the heavy mass on board.

39. The International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression is observed on


[A] June 5
[B] June 4
[C] June 6
[D] June 3
Answer: B [June 4]
Explanation:
The United Nations (UN) International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression is
observed every year on June 4 to acknowledge the pain suered by children throughout the
world who are the victims of physical, mental and emotional abuse. It is a time for people all
over the world to become aware of the impact of monstrosity of abuse, in all its forms,
against children. It is also a time when organisations and individuals learn from or take part
in awareness campaigns centred on protecting childrens rights. This day arms the UNs
commitment to protect the rights of children.

40. The Abohar Wildlife Sanctuary is located in which state?


[A] Tripura
[B] Nagaland
[C] Punjab
[D] Kerala
Answer: C [Punjab]
Explanation:
The Abohar Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Fazilka District of Punjab. The formation of
sanctuary relates to a unique success story of wildlife conservation in which people of
Bishnoi community united themselves for protecting the Black Buck which is regarded as a
sacred animal by them. It is also the State Animal of Punjab. It is home to several varieties of
ora and fauna viz. Albizia lebbeck, Acacia nilotica, Azadirachata indica, A. tortilis, Wild Boar,
Blue Bull, Porcupines, Hare, Jackal, etc.

41. The first-ever United Nations Oceans Conference has started in which country?
[A] France

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[B] United States


[C] Germany
[D] United Kingdom
Answer: B [United States]
Explanation:
The United Nations is hosting its rst-ever World Oceans Conference at the UN Headquarters
in New York, United States from June 5, 2017. The 5-day conference is co-hosted by the
Governments of Fiji and Sweden with theme Our oceans, our future: partnering for the
implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14. The purpose of the conference is to
nd solutions to some of the toughest problems facing the oceans that includes coral
bleaching, plastic pollution, overshing and rising sea levels. It also includes measures to
protect coastal and blue carbon ecosystems such as mangroves, tidal marshes, seagrass,
and coral reefs, and wider interconnected ecosystems, as well as enhancing sustainable
sheries management, including to restore sh stocks in the shortest time feasible at least
to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield.

42. Indias first-ever Rural LED Street Lighting Project will be set up in which state
[A] Andhra Pradesh
[B] Kerala
[C] Uttar Pradesh
[D] Assam
Answer: A [Andhra Pradesh]
Explanation:
Indias rst-ever Rural LED Street Lighting Project will be implemented by the Government of
India (GoI) in Andhra Pradesh (AP). The Energy Eciency Services Limited (EESL) under the
Ministry of Power will retrot10 lakh conventional street lights with LED lights in Gra
Panchayats of 7 districts in AP. This is the rst project for rural LED street lighting in the
country under the GoIs Street Lighting National Project (SLNP). In the rst phase, th
replacement will be undertaken in gram panchayats of the districts of Guntur, Prakasham,
Nellore, Kurnool, Kadapa, Ananthapur and Chittoor. This replacement drive in rural areas will
help the gram panchayats to cumulatively save approximately 147 million units of electricity
annually and lead to reduction of 12 crore tonnes of CO2. The entire upfront capital cost of
this project is being funded by French Development Agency Agence Franaise de
Dveloppement (AFD).

43. India has signed how much amount of loan agreement with the World Bank
Assam Citizen Centric Service Delivery?
[A] $39.5 million
[B] $39.7 million
[C] $39.2 million

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[D] $39.4 million


Answer: C [$39.2 million]
Explanation:
India has signed a $39.2 million loan agreement with the World Bank (WB) for the citizen-
centric service delivery project in Assam. The programme size is $49 million, of which $39.2
million will be nanced by the World Bank and the remaining amount will be funded out of
state budget. The programme duration is 5 years. The purpose of the project is to improve
access in the delivery of selected public services in Assam. The Project seeks to enable
citizens to access services under the RTPS Act in a timely, ecient, and accountable
manner. The Project adopts an integrated approach to improve access and accountability.

44. Which IIT institute is hosting the 5th International Convention of Spic Macay?
[A] IIT Guwahati
[B] IIT Madras
[C] IIT Bombay
[D] IIT Delhi
Answer: D [IIT Delhi]
Explanation:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated the 5th international conference of Spic
Macay on June 5, 2017 at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi via video
conferencing. The 7-day conference coincides with the 40th year of inception of SPIC MACAY.
Every year Spic Macay organizes an International Convention to expose the youth from
across the world to the rich and multi-hued culture of India. It is the Society for the
promotion of Indian classical music and culture amongst youth.

45. Who has appointed the new Director General (DG) of National Water Develo
(NWDA)?
[A] Sharad Jain
[B] S. Masood Husain
[C] Usha Gupta
[D] Kirti Kumar
Answer: A [Sharad Jain]
Explanation:
Dr. Sharad Kumar Jain has assumed the additional charge of Director General (DG) of
National Water Development Agency (NWDA) under Ministry of Water Resources, River
Development and Ganga Rejuvenation. Presently, he is working as Scientist G with National
Institute of Hydrology (NIH), Roorkee. Jain succeeds S. Masood Husain who has moved over
as Member (WP&P), Central Water Commission.

46. What is the Indias rank in the 2017 IMD World Competitiveness Index?

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[A] 37th
[B] 41st
[C] 45th
[D] 28th
Answer: C [45th]
Explanation:
India has been ranked 45th out of 63 countries in the IMDs world competitiveness rankings
2017. The list is compiled by the Switzerland-based International Institute for Management
and Development (IMD)s World Competitiveness Center (WCC). Hong Kong has topped the
list, followed by Switzerland, Singapore, United States, Netherlands, Ireland and Denmark.
The IMD measures how well countries manage all their resources and competencies to
facilitate long-term value creation.

47. Sudha Singh, who has won gold at 21st Federation Cup National Senior Atletices
is associated with which sports?
[A] Baseball
[B] Shot put
[C] Javelin throw
[D] Steeplechase
Answer: D [Steeplechase]
Explanation:
Sudha Singh from Uttar Pradesh has won a gold medal in the womens 3000m steeplechase
at the 21st Federation Cup National Senior Athletics Championship in Patiala, Punjab on June
4, 2017. In the mens 3000m steeplechase event, it was Naveen Kumar of Haryana who took
the gold with a time of 8:50.85.

48. Which state has become the Indias first state to launch single-women pension sc
[A] Andhra Pradesh
[B] Telangana
[C] Kerala
[D] Karnataka
Answer: B [Telangana]
Explanation:
The Telangana Government has become the only state government in India to launch the
single-women pension scheme. Under the scheme, a nancial assistance of Rs. 1,000
nancial is given to single women of the state per month on humanitarian grounds. The
scheme will benet unmarried women, joginis and divorced women. About 1, 08,302
beneciaries from 31 Districts have been identied by the ocials. The single-women
pension scheme is the result of petitions led on the plight of single women deserted by

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their husbands and relatives.

49. TATA Projects has recently launched which initiative to promote green cover in
[A] Green Thumb
[B] Green Mountain
[C] Green India
[D] Green Earth
Answer: A [Green Thumb]
Explanation:
The TATA Projects has launched unique Green Thumb initiative in India to promote green
cover and to protect the environment on 2017 World Environment Day (WED). The Green
Thumb 2017 is in continuation to 2016 TATA Projects programme wherein it aimed to get
10,000 people to click (pledge) to plant a sapling on their behalf the response received was
a tremendous 23,000. Encouraged by the response, TATA Projects planted a total of over
42,000 saplings across the country in over 100 locations in the last one year (2016-17). This
year, under Green Thumb initiative, the company will plants trees, citizens who wish to do
their bit to save the environment, can express their support for the cause. They can do so by
clicking on the banner to plant a sapling on the Green Thumb Microsite or on Facebook page,
LinkedIn pagea/155507/ or on the company website www.tataprojects.com.

50. What is the Indias rank in the 2017 IMD World Digital Competitiveness Index?
[A] 22nd
[B] 45th
[C] 39th
[D] 51st
Answer: D [51st]
Explanation:
India has been ranked 51st out of 63 countries in the 2017 IMD World Digital
Competitiveness ranking. At the top of the digital ranking is Singapore, followed by Sweden,
the USA, Finland and Denmark. For the rst time, the IMD World Competitiveness Center has
published a separate report ranking countries digital competitiveness. The new Digital
Competitiveness Ranking (DCR) provides a measure of a countrys ability to adopt and
explore digital technologies leading to transformation in government practices, business
models and society in general. The ranking is based on three factors, which reect the
standing of a country in the dimensions of Knowledge, Technology and Future Readiness.

51. India has signed pact with which neighboring country to provide $318 million a
for railway projects?
[A] Sri Lanka
[B] Nepal
[C] Bhutan

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[D] Bangladesh
Answer: A [Sri Lanka]
Explanation:
India has signed an agreement with Sri Lanka to provide fresh assistance of $318 million
credit line to develop the island nations railway sector. The agreement was signed in
Colombo, Sri Lanka on June 6, 2017. India has already provided four Lines of Credit for the
development of railway sector in Sri Lanka through its EXIM bank amounting to
approximately $966 million. These credit facilities have been utilized to improve the
Southern and Northern railway lines and for the procurement of rolling stocks for the Sri
Lanka Railways.

52. Who has been sworn-in as the new Prime minister of Nepal?
[A] Bam Bahadur Kunwar
[B] Sher Bahadur Deuba
[C] Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah
[D] Kirti Nidhi Bista
Answer: B [Sher Bahadur Deuba]
Explanation:
Sher Bahadur Deuba, the Nepali Congress President, has been sworn-in as the new Prime
minister of Nepal at Rashtrpati Bhawan in Kathmandu, Nepal. Deuba has taken the charge of
prime minister for the 4th time. He rst became PM in 1995 and later in 2001 and 2004. The
2017 Election for new prime minister was held due to resignation by the CPN (Maoist Centre)
Chief Pushpa Kamal Dahal from the post of prime minister. Dahal had resigned on May 24 as
per the power sharing understanding with the coalition partner Nepali Congress.

53. Which union minister has launched Skills for life, Save a life initiative
development in the health sector?
[A] Maneka Gandhi
[B] Narendra Modi
[C] J P Nadda
[D] M. Venkaiah Naidu
Answer: C [J P Nadda]
Explanation:
J P Nadda, the Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare, has launched Skill for Life,
Save a Life initiative in New Delhi to promote skill development in the health sector. The
purpose of the initiative is to upscale the quality and quantity of trained professionals in the
healthcare system. Under this initiative various courses are planned in specic competencies
for healthcare professionals as well as for general public.

54. What is the current repo rate, as per 2nd bi-monthly monetary policy review for

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Reserve Bank of India (RBI)?


[A] 6.50%
[B] 6.75%
[C] 6.55%
[D] 6.25%
Answer: D [6.25%]
Explanation:
As per second bi-monthly monetary and credit policy review for 2017-18 of the Reserve Bank
of India (RBI), the policy repo rate under the liquidity adjustment facility (LAF) remain
unchanged at 6.25%. Consequently, the reverse repo rate under the LAF remains at 6.0%,
Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) remains at 4% and the Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) rate and
the Bank Rate at 6.50%.Though, the Central bank has cut the Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR)
by 0.5%. It has projected ination in the range of 2% to 3.5% for rst half of 2017-18 and
3.5% to 4.5% for the second half. It has also cut the growth projection for current scal to
7.3% from 7.4%.

55. Who has been appointed as the new chief of Copyrights office?
[A] Hoshiar Singh
[B] Pradeep Dubey
[C] Nripendra Mishra
[D] Omita Paul
Answer: A [Hoshiar Singh]
Explanation:
Hoshiar Singh, a 1994 batch ocer of the Indian Telecom Service, has been appointed as
new Registrar of Copyrights for a period of ve years. The Oce of Copyrights, under the
Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DoPT) is mandated to protect the music and
lm industry besides addressing its concerns, among others. According to norms, the
Copyright Oce is under the immediate control of a Registrar of Copyrights, who acts under
the superintendence and directions of the Central Government. The headquarters is located
in New Delhi.

56. Which Indian personality has joined UNICEFs Super Dads campaign?
[A] Amitabh Bachchan
[B] Sachin Tendulkar
[C] Shah Rukh Khan
[D] Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore
Answer: B [Sachin Tendulkar]
Explanation:
Sachin Tendulkar has joined UNICEFs Super Dads campaign that highlights the critical role

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played by fathers in childrens early development. The campaign features stars from the
world of entertainment and sport including David Beckham, Novak Djokovic, Mahershala Ali,
Lewis Hamilton and Hugh Jackman. The UNICEF campaign will celebrates Fathers Day and
highlights the importance of love, play, protection and good nutrition for the healthy
development of young childrens brains. The heart-warming videos and photos of celebrity
dads in the campaign will be coupled with stories of super dads from across the world,
including those who are doing their best to raise their children in extremely dicult
circumstances.

57. Which country has officially become the new member of North Atlantic Trea
(NATO)
[A] Mozambique
[B] Cuba
[C] Montenegro
[D] Austria
Answer: C [Montenegro]
Explanation:
Montenegro has ocially become the 29th member of North Atlantic Treaty Organization
(NATO) at a ceremony in Washington, United States on June 5, 2017. The purpose of NATO is
to guarantee the freedom and security of its members through political and military means.
The headquarters of NATO is located at Brussels, Belgium.

58. Which state government has implemented Green Protocol for weddings?
[A] Tamil Nadu
[B] West Bengal
[C] Tripura
[D] Kerala
Answer: D [Kerala ]
Explanation:
The Kerala government has implemented Green Protocol for making weddings more
naturally in the state. The purpose of the initiative is to reduce the use of plastic in daily life.
With the implementation of the protocol, use of plastic and other non-degradable articles
including disposable glasses and plates and thermocol decorations will be discouraged at
marriage functions. Inspections will be held at marriage halls, convention centres and hotels
and other venues of the wedding ceremony in this regard and action would be taken if the
protocol is violated. The state nodal agency for sanitation Suchitwa Mission has already
launched the initiative in Kannur, Ernakulam, Kollam and Alappuzha on a pilot basis. As per
ocials, the protocol would be implemented in the rest of the districts soon.

59. Who will be honoured with the RedInk Award for Lifetime Achievement in
2017?

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[A] Vinod Dua


[B] Vinod Dua
[C] T N Ninan
[D] Kuldip Nayar
Answer: B [Vinod Dua]
Explanation:
Veteran journalist Vinod Dua will be honoured with the RedInk Award for Lifetime
Achievement (LTA) in Journalism for 2017 by the Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra
Fadnavis on June 7 in Mumbai in recognition of his extensive and versatile contribution in
dierent formats and subjects. The awards are part of the National RedInk Awards for
Excellence in Journalism and instituted by the Mumbai Press Club. Star India is the
Presenting Partner for the Mumbai Press Club RedInk Awards. The Hindu Group and
Facebook are the media partners.

60. The Mukurthi National Park (MNP) is located in which state?


[A] Tripura
[B] Kerala
[C] Tamil Nadu
[D] Sikkim
Answer: C [Tamil Nadu]
Explanation:
The Mukurthi National Park (MNP) is a 78.46 km2 protected area located in the western
corner of the Nilgiris Plateau west of Ootacamund hill station in the northwest corner of
Tamil Nadu state in the Western Ghats mountain range of South India. It is home to an array
of endangered wildlife viz. royal Bengal tiger, Asian elephant, Nilgiri langur, Bonhotes
mouse, Nilgiri tahr, etc. The park is a part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, Indias
International Biosphere Reserve.

61. Which city is hosting the 2017 Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit?
[A] Dushanbe
[B] Astana
[C] Beijing
[D] Tashkent
Answer: B [Astana]
Explanation:
The 17th summit of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit has started in Astana,
Kazakhstan from June 8, 2017. In this summit, India and Pakistan has become full members
of the organization. The SCO is a Eurasian political, economic, and military organisation
which was founded in 2001 in Shanghai by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,

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Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. It is mainly aimed at military cooperation between the
members and involves intelligence- sharing, counter-terrorism operations in Central Asia.
Afghanistan, Belarus, India, Iran, Mongolia and Pakistan have observer status.

62. What is the theme of 2017 World Oceans Day (WOD)?


[A] Protect your Ocean
[B] Healthy Oceans, Healthy Planet
[C] Our Oceans, Our Future
[D] Youth: the Next Wave for Change
Answer: C [Our Oceans, Our Future]
Explanation:
The World Oceans Day (WOD) is observed every year on June 8 to raise global awareness of
the benets derived from the oceans and the current challenges faced by the international
community in connection with the oceans. This year, in 2017, the main conservation focus
will be on plastic pollution prevention and cleaning the ocean of marine litter with theme
Our Oceans, Our Future. The 2017 WOD has coincided with the rst-ever United Nations
World Oceans Conference taking place from 5 to 9 June at UN headquarters in New York. The
purpose of the conference is to mobilize action for the conservation and sustainable use of
the oceans, seas and marine resources.

63. Which Indian bank will set up 100 digital villages across the country?
[A] Punjab National Bank
[B] Dena Bank
[C] State Bank of India
[D] Vijaya Bank
Answer: D [Vijaya Bank]
Explanation:
The Vijaya Bank will set up 100 digital villages in various States of the country as part of its
initiative to promote digital banking among the rural population. It is the only public sector
nancial institution to develop digital villages with focus on rural areas and it has already
developed ve villages including the one in Guntur district. In those villages, the bank will
provide Internet, free Wi-Fi connectivity, mobile payment facilities, ATM cards, online
banking and others besides educating the villagers through door-to-door campaign. The
bank will also open bank accounts to all the eligible villagers including children and
encourage them to make transactions digitally.

64. The Anshi National Park (ANP) is loacted in which state?


[A] Karnataka
[B] Andhra Pradesh
[C] Kerala
[D] West Bengal

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Answer: A [Karnataka]
Explanation:
The Anshi National Park is located at a distance of 60 km from Karwar in Uttara Kannada
district, Karnataka. It is located in an eco-sensitive part of the Western Ghats, at a height
between 200 m to 925 m above sea level. The park is a habitat of melanistic leopard, tigers
and elephants, among other wildlife. The reptiles like King Cobra, Krait, Python, Rat snake
and Viper are found here. It is home to more than 200 species of birds viz. Adjutant Stork,
Ashy Black-crested Crested Serpent Eagle, Great Hornbill, Golden-backed Woodpecker,
Bulbul, Blue-headed Pitta, Woodswallow, Brahminy Kite, etc.

65. Who have been appointed as the new Independent Directors of India Post
(IPPB)?
[A] Girraj Sharma and Anupam Seth
[B] Vinod Saxena and Nitin Khanna
[C] K G Karmakar and Gauri Shankar
[D] Jai Singh Narvaria and Trilok Chand Gupta
Answer: C [K G Karmakar and Gauri Shankar]
Explanation:
K G Karmakar and Gauri Shankar have been appointed as new Independent Directors of
India Post Payments Bank (IPPB). The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has approved
their appointment to the post on the board of directors of the bank for a period of 3 years.
The IPPB has been incorporated as a public sector bank under the Department of Posts with
100% equity of the Government of India (GoI). IPPB will oer demand deposits such as
savings and current accounts upto a balance of Rs 1 Lac, digitally enabled payments and
remittance services of all kinds between entities and individuals and also provide access to
third party nancial services such as insurance, mutual funds, pension, credit products,
forex, and more, in partnership with insurance companies, mutual fund houses, pension
providers, banks, international money transfer organisations, etc.

66. Adnan Khashoggi, the world famous arms dealer passed away. He hailed from wh
[A] Iran
[B] Israel
[C] Italy
[D] Saudi Arabia
Answer: D [Saudi Arabia]
Explanation:
Adnan Khashoggi (81), a Saudi Arabian billionaire international businessman, has passed
away in London, UK. He was best known for his involvement in arms dealing.

67. Nepal has tied up with which country to build 1200MW Budhi-Gandaki Hydropo

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[A] China
[B] India
[C] Sri Lanka
[D] United States
Answer: A [China]
Explanation:
Nepal has recently signed a nancing agreement with China Gezhouba Group Corporation
(CGGC) to build 1,200-megawatt Budhi-Gandaki hydroelectric project. The estimated cost of
the project is $2.5 billion. This project will be helpful for Nepal, which is facing acute power
shortage.

68. Which tennis pair have won the 2017 French Open mixed doubles tournament?
[A] Sania Mirza and Ivan Dodig
[B] Rohan Bopanna and Sania Mirza
[C] Anna-Lena Groenefeld and Robert Farah
[D] Rohan Bopanna and Gabriela Dabrowski
Answer: D [Rohan Bopanna and Gabriela Dabrowski]
Explanation:
Rohan Bopanna from India and his Canadian teammate Gabriela Dabrowski have won the
2017 French Open mixed doubles tournament by defeating the pair of Germanys Anna-Lena
Groenefeld and Colombias Robert Farah in the nal by 2-6, 6-2, 12-10.

69. Who has been bestowed with the RedInk Award Journalist of the Year award for
[A] Sreenivasan Jain
[B] Bachi Karkaria
[C] Raj Kamal Jha
[D] Paranjoy Guha Thakurta
Answer: C [Raj Kamal Jha]
Explanation:
Raj Kamal Jha, the Chief Editor of The Indian Express, has been bestowed with the RedInk
Award for the Journalist of the Year 2017 for providing exemplary stewardship over the last
couple of years to the newspaper; and for pulling it back from an aimless drift to focused
reporting and restoring what it has always been known best forinvestigative journalism.
The award was presented to him by the Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis on
June 7 in Mumbai. The awards are part of the National RedInk Awards for Excellence in
Journalism and instituted by the Mumbai Press Club (MPC) to raise the bar of news and
feature writing in India and to encourage fair play and high ethical standards in media.

70. Which city to host the second edition of National Health Editors Conference on

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[A] Bhopal
[B] New Delhi
[C] Lucknow
[D] Jaipur
Answer: B [New Delhi]
Explanation:
The 2nd edition of National Health Editors Conference on Yoga will be inaugurated by
Shripad Yesso Naik, the Minister of State for AYUSH (Independent Charge), at National Media
Centre in New Delhi on June 9, 2017. The theme of 2017 conference is Yoga for Health and
Harmony. The aim of the conference is to give insight to the journalists about the scientic
aspects of yoga & its benets for human health. More than 150 Health Editors and media
persons from National, Regional and International media organizations are expected to
attend the conference. Senior ocers of PIB and Ministry of AYUSH will also remain present
on the occasion.

71. Which bank has become the first Indian bank to launch bio-degradable prepaid gi
[A] Axis Bank
[B] ICICI Bank
[C] State Bank of India
[D] HDFC Bank
Answer: A [Axis Bank]
Explanation:
Axis Bank has become the rst Indian bank to launch a bio-degradable prepaid gift plastic
card to oer its customers a simple way of contributing towards environment-friendly
payment solutions. The plastic card is made up of Polyethylene Terephthalate Glycol (PETG)
and can decompose easily and can also be recycled. The cards will be acceptable at all
domestic merchant outlets and online portals. According to a circular issued by the Reserve
Bank of India (RBI) on 1 July 2014, the maximum validity of pre-paid gift instruments is 3
years.

72. Basudev Chatterji, who passed away recently, was associated with which field?
[A] Politics
[B] History
[C] Law
[D] Journalism
Answer: B [History]
Explanation:
Basudev Chatterji, the noted historian, has passed away in Guwahati, Assam on June 8,
2017. He was also the former chairman of Indian Council for Historical Research (ICHR).

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Chatterji was an academician and used to taught at St Stephens College in Delhi, University
of Hyderabad besides supervising undergraduates at the University of Cambridge. The books
Trade, Taris and Empire : Lancashire and British Policy in India, and Dictionary of Martyrs
Indias Freedom Struggle were among his works.

73. India and which United Nations organisation have launched partnership f
sustainable development?
[A] UNESCO
[B] UNIDO
[C] UNOSSC
[D] UNWTO
Answer: C [UNOSSC]
Explanation:
India and the UN Oce for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC) have launched a partnership
fund that will support sustainable development projects across the developing world. The
fund was launched on the occasion of the World Oceans Day (WOD) at a special ceremony
held at the Permanent Mission of India to the UN on June 8, 2017. The India-UN Development
Partnership Fund will implement country-level projects that are catalytic towards achieving
the 17 sustainable development goals of the 2030 Agenda. The purpose of the initiative is to
reduce poverty and hunger, improving health, education and equality, and expanding access
to clean water, energy and livelihoods.

74. Which Indian American has been chosen for the 2017 NASA Astronaut Candidat
[A] Kayla Barron
[B] Jasmin Moghbeli
[C] Robb Kulin
[D] Raja Chari
Answer: D [Raja Chari]
Explanation:
Indian-American Raja Chari, a Lieutenant Colonel with the US Air Force, has been chosen for
the 2017 NASA Astronaut Candidate Class. He is among 12 new astronauts who will be
trained for missions into Earth orbit and to deep space. Chari may become the 3rd person of
Indian origin from the US after the late Kalpana Chawla and current NASA astronaut Sunita
Suni Williams to y to space. Currently, he is a commander of the 461st Flight Test
Squadron and the director of the F-35 Integrated Test Force at Edwards Air Force Base in
California.

75. P Govardhan Reddy, the noted politician has passed away. He belongs to which po
[A] Indian National Congress (INC)
[B] Telugu Desam Party (TDS)
[C] Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)

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[D] Communist Party of India (CPI)


Answer: A [Indian National Congress (INC)]
Explanation:
Palvai Govardhan Reddy (81), the noted politician from the Indian National Congress (INC)
party, has passed away due to heart attack in Kullu Manali, Himachal Pradesh on June 9,
2017. Reddy was in Kullu Manali to attend a Parliamentary committee meeting. Presently, he
was representing the Telangana State as a Member of Parliament (Rajya Sabha).

76. Which Indian personality has been conferred with the WHO Director-Ge
Recognition Award for global tobacco control?
[A] Venkaiah Naidu
[B] Sushma Swaraj
[C] J P Nadda
[D] Nitin Gadkari
Answer: C [J P Nadda]
Explanation:
The Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, J P Nadda has been conferred with the
WHO Director-Generals Special Recognition Award for accelerating Indias tobacco control
initiatives and taking bold measures to protect people against hazards of tobacco use. The
global recognition was presented to him by Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director of
WHO South-East Asia, at the National Consultation on Accelerating Implementation of WHO
Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) for achievement of Sustainable
Development Goals.

77. Which news agency will set up $1 million fund to boost BRICS media cooperation
[A] Independent Media from South Africa
[B] Xinhua from China
[C] CMA Group from Brazil
[D] The Hindu from India
Answer: B [Xinhua from China]
Explanation:
Chinas state-run news agency Xinhua will set up a $1 million fund to institutionalize media
cooperation among the BRICS countries including awards for journalists from the ve
member states. The purpose of BRICS media forum is to promote six objectives, including
balanced reporting. The proposal would also focus on joint development of BRICS digital
media, nancial information services and promoting people- to-people contacts. The BRICS
media forum is the result of a joint initiative by Xinhua News Agency, Brazils CMA Group,
Russias Sputnik News Agency and Radio, The Hindu group of publications from India, and
South Africas Independent Media.

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78. Mehrunnisa Dalwai, the renowned Muslim rights activist passed away. She hai
state?
[A] Assam
[B] Uttar Pradesh
[C] Maharashtra
[D] Rajasthan
Answer: C [Maharashtra]
Explanation:
Mehrunnisa Dalwai (87), the protagonist of a reformist movement Muslim Satyashodhak
Mandal, has passed away in Pune, Maharashtra on June 8, 2017. She worked for justice and
equal rights for Muslim women and spearheaded a march in Mumbai seeking abolition of
triple talaq. Dalwai also founded Islamic Research Institute and Maharashtra Talaq Mukti
Morcha. Her autobiography, Mi Bharun Pawle is considered an inspirational piece for
progressive movement. She was the wife of prominent Muslim activist and thinker late
Hamid Dalwai.

79. Which state government has recently signed MoU with Union Aviation Mi
scheme?
[A] Kerala
[B] Madhya Pradesh
[C] Uttar Pradesh
[D] Tamil Nadu
Answer: D [Tamil Nadu]
Explanation:
The Tamil Nadu government has recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)
with the Union Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) for the implementation of the UDAN scheme
in the state. In the rst phase of regional air connectivity scheme UDAN, the steps will be
taken to start ight services to Hosur, Salem and Neyveli.The purpose of the Ude Desh ka
Aam Naagrik (UDAN) is to make regional connectivity easy at low cost so that common
people could opt for air travel. Also, it would enhance infrastructure, employment
opportunities and lead to trade and industry growth.

80. The Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary (MWS) is located in which state?


[A] West Bengal
[B] Uttar Pradesh
[C] Bihar
[D] Assam
Answer: A [West Bengal]
Explanation:

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The Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary (MWS) is located on the foothills of the Himalayas,
between the Teesta and Mahananda rivers. It is situated in the Darjeeling district of West
Bengal. It got the status of a sanctuary in 1959 to protect the Indian bison and royal Bengal
tiger, which were facing the threat of extinction It is also home to very endangered birds like
Rufous-necked Hornbill, Oriental Pied Hornbill, Great Hornbill etc.

81. Which Indian sportsperson has featured in the 2017 Forbes list of worlds highest
[A] Virat Kohli
[B] Sania Mirza
[C] M S Dhoni
[D] Leander Paes
Answer: A [Virat Kohli]
Explanation:
Indian cricket team captain Virat Kohli is the sole sportsperson from India to feature among
the worlds 100 highest paid athletes in the 2017 Forbes list. Kohli has been ranked 89th on
the 2017 Forbes list with a total pay of $22 million that includes $3 million from salary and
winnings and another $19 million from endorsements. The list is topped by soccer star
Cristiano Ronaldo, followed by American basketball star LeBron James, Argentine football
player Lionel Messi and Swiss Tennis star Roger Federer.

82. NITI Aayog has launched SATH program for cooperative federalism. What do
for?
[A] Sustainable Action for Transact Human capital
[B] Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital
[C] Sustainable Action for Trance Human capital
[D] Sustainable Action for Trace Human capital
Answer: B [Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital]
Explanation:
NITI Aayog has launched a program Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital
(SATH) with the State Governments for cooperative federalism. The vision of the program is
to initiate transformation in the education and health sectors. The aim of SATH is to identify
and build three future role model states for health systems. NITI will work in close
collaboration with their state machinery to design a robust roadmap of intervention, develop
a program governance structure, set up monitoring and tracking mechanisms, hand-hold
state institutions through the execution stage and provide support on a range of institutional
measures to achieve the end objectives. The program will be implemented by NITI along
with McKinsey & Company and IPE Global consortium, who were selected through a
competitive bidding process. Of the ve shortlisted states three will be selected on the basis
of further evaluations. The program will be launched in the three selected states after the
signing of MoUs.

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83. Which Indian mountaineer has been honoured by Nepal Government for scaling
a record six times?
[A] Premlata Agarwal
[B] Arunima Sinha
[C] Love Raj Singh Dharmashaktu
[D] Anshu Jamsenpa
Answer: C [Love Raj Singh Dharmashaktu]
Explanation:
Love Raj Singh Dharmashaktu, an Indian mountaineer, has been honoured by Adventure
Sports Tourism Society in Lalitpur Metropolitan City near Kathmandu, Nepal on June 9, 2017.
He was appointed Tourism Ambassador of Nepal to north India. Recently, Dharmashaktu has
become the rst Indian mountaineer to conquer the worlds highest peak Mount Everest for a
record sixth time on May 27, 2017. He works as an assistant commandant with the Border
Security Force (BSF) in Dehradun. He rst summited Everest in 1998 and followed it with up
with successive ascents in 2006, 2009, 2012 and 2013. He hails from Bona village of
Munsiyari in the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand.

84. Who has become the first Sri Lankan cricketer to be inducted into ICC Hall of Fr
[A] Mahela Jayawardene
[B] Sanath Jayasuriya
[C] Kumar Sangakkara
[D] Muttiah Muralidaran
Answer: D [Muttiah Muralidaran]
Explanation:
Muttiah Muralidaran, the most successful bowler in Tests and One Day Internationals, has
been inducted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame in London on Thursday. He was honoured
during the innings break of the India versus Sri Lanka ICC Champions Trophy match at The
Oval in London on June 8, 2017. With this, he became the rst player from Sri Lanka and the
83rd overall to be inducted into the Hall of Fame when ICC CEO Dave Richardson presented
him with a commemorative framed cap.

85. The first-ever Indian Railways Human Resources Round Table Conference has
city?
[A] New Delhi
[B] Chennai
[C] Pune
[D] Kochi
Answer: A [New Delhi]
Explanation:

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The Union Minister of Railways Suresh Prabhakar Prabhu has inaugurated the rst-ever
Indian Railways Human Resources Round Table Conference in New Delhi on June 10, 2017.
The aim of the Conference is to improve the productivity of the human resources through
inter-change of ideas with various stakeholders and HR practitioners and academics. There
are 3-themes of the conference viz. Stakeholders Expectations from HR, The Future of Work
HR Role and Creativity Within Constraints.

86. Who has been adjudged in the first-ever AIFF Womens player of the year for 20
[A] Ngangom Bala
[B] Aditi Chauhan
[C] Oinam Bembem Devi
[D] Sasmita Malik
Answer: D [Sasmita Malik]
Explanation:
Jeje Lalpekhlua and Sasmita Malik were awarded 2016 AIFF Player of the Year and the AIFF
Womens Player of the Year respectively at the rst ever All India Football Federation (AIFF)
Awards in Mumbai, Maharashtra. Malik won the award for her immense contribution to the
success and growth of the Indian womens football team, while Mohun Bagan striker Jeje
Lalpekhlua won the award for scoring a total of 7 goals in the last 9 games he has played for
India in the 2016-17 season.

87. Who will be appointed as new MD and CEO of the National Stock Exchange (NSE
[A] Jainam Modi
[B] Prabhat Jain
[C] Vikram Limaye
[D] Chitra Ramkrishna
Answer: C [Vikram Limaye]
Explanation:
Vikram Limaye will be the new Managing Director (MD) and Chief Executive Ocer (CEO) of
the National Stock Exchange (NSE) after he gets relieved from his duties at apex cricket
body BCCI. Limaye is a member of a panel appointed by the Supreme Court to administer
the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI). Now, Limaye will approach the Supreme
Court (SC) in July when it reopens from vacation to relieve him from his duties at the
committee of administrators (CoA) of BCCI. Once the Supreme Court relieves him, he will join
NSE.

88. Which Indian personality has launched Selfie with Daughter app to raise a
people about female foeticide and sex selection?
[A] Narendra Modi
[B] Sushma Swaraj

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[C] Maneka Gandhi


[D] Pranab Mukherjee
Answer: D [Pranab Mukherjee]
Explanation:
The President of India, Pranab Mukherjee has launched a mobile Application Sele with
Daughter at Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi on June 9, 2017 to raise awareness among
people about female foeticide and sex selection. The President has urged the people to take
seles with their daughters to make the campaign a huge success. The Sele with
Daughter campaign was started by Sunil Jaglan in June 2015 at village Bibipur in Haryana,
which was praised by the President on this occasion. The aim of the campaign is to motivate
society to feel proud to be parents of a girl child which will result in improving the child sex
ratio.

89. The 2017 European Union Film Festival (EUFF) has started from which Indian
[A] Pune
[B] Coimbatore
[C] Kolkata
[D] New Delhi
Answer: D [New Delhi]
Explanation:
The 22nd edition of European Union Film Festival (EUFF) has started at Siri Fort Auditorium in
New Delhi with an aim to improve cultural ties between India and European countries. The
lm festival will not only showcase lms from Estonia, Austria, Belgium, Hungary, Greece,
among several countries, but also explore dierent styles of cinema with a blend of varying
cultures. The EUFF, which is started in New Delhi, in association with Directorate of Film
Festivals will also travel to Pune, Mumbai, Goa, Kolkata, Ranchi, Coimbatore and Puducherry
till August 3, 2017. The fest will screen 22 lms from 22 European countries to serve the
purpose of knowing and understanding each other better.

90. The Van Vihar National Park is loacted in which state?


[A] Uttar Pradesh
[B] Rajasthan
[C] Madhya Pradesh
[D] Gujarat
Answer: C [Madhya Pradesh]
Explanation:
The Van Vihar National Park is located in Bhopal, the capital city of Madhya Pradesh. It
covers an area of about 4.45 km2 and is home to Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Lions, wild cats,
Indian Wolf, Sloth Bear, Red Fox, Indian Jackal, Wild Dog, Mongoose, Striped Hyena, Mugger
Crocodile, Gharial, Snakes, Python, etc.

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91. Who has won the 2017 French Open Mens Singles Tennis Tournament?
[A] Roger Federer
[B] Novak Djokovic
[C] Stanislas Wawrinka
[D] Rafael Nadal
Answer: D [Rafael Nadal]
Explanation:
Spains Rafael Nadal has won the 2017 French Open Mens Singles Tennis Tournament by
defeating Swiss star Stanislas Wawrinka in nal by 6-2, 6-3, 6-1 in Paris, France. With the
win, Nadal has become the rst player in the Professional arena to win the same Grand Slam
title 10 times. Nadal, the worlds 4th ranked player, has 15 Grand Slams to his credit. Now,
his collection of Slams stands just three behind great rival Roger Federer.

92. Which Indian personality has been selected for Frances highest civilian a
Honour?
[A] Amitabh Bachchan
[B] Shahrukh Khan
[C] Soumitra Chatterjee
[D] Kamal Hasan
Answer: C [Soumitra Chatterjee]
Explanation:
Veteran Bengali actor Soumitra Chatterjee has been selected for Frances highest civilian
award Legion of Honour for his outstanding contribution to cinema and theatre. With this,
Chatterjee has become the rst Bengali actor to be chosen for the award. The honour comes
almost 3 decades after the same recognition was conferred on master director Satyajit Ray
in 1987. Chatterjee has acted in several of Rays lms including Apur Sansar, Debi,
Aranyer Din Ratri, Ghare Bairey and Ganashatru. Earlier recipients of the Legion of
Honour include sitar meastro Pandit Ravi Shankar, Amitabh Bachaan, Shahrukh Khan and
Kamal Hasan. Chatterjee was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 2012.

93. Which video conferencing aided legal service has launched by the Union Gover
people?
[A] Tele Legal Aid
[B] Tele Law
[C] Tele Law Center
[D] Tele Lawyer
Answer: B [Tele Law]
Explanation:

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The Union Government has launched a video conferencing aided legal service Tele Law for
the people living in rural areas. Through Tele-Law, the legal aid to poor will fulll th
governments commitment to ensure access to justice and empowerment of the poor. Under
the scheme, the Tele-Law portal will be available across the Common Service Centre (CSC)
network connecting the citizens to legal service providers. The portal will connect law school
clinics, District Legal Service Authorities, voluntary service providers and Non-Government
Organisations working on legal through the CSCs. Also, the National Legal Services
Authoritys panel of lawyers from state capitals will provide legal advice and counseling to
the applicants across the 1000 CSC through video conferencing. In the rst phase, the Tele-
Law scheme will be tested as a pilot across 500 CSCs in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

94. The Canara Bank has tied up with which general insurance company to sell pol
branches?
[A] New India Assurance Company Limited
[B] National Insurance Company Limited
[C] United India Insurance Company
[D] Oriental Insurance Company Limited
Answer: A [New India Assurance Company Limited]
Explanation:
The Canara Bank has tied up with the state-owned general insurer New India Assurance
Company to sell policies through its branches.. The purpose of the partnership is to provide
best-in-class general insurance products to Canara Bank customers at highly competitive
rates. Under the agreement, New India Assurance will make oer a bouquet of products such
as motor, home, health, travel, re, marine, and engineering insurance policies through
branches of Canara Bank.

95. Adam West, star of hit TV series Batman passed away. He hailed from which c
[A] Germany
[B] United States
[C] Russia
[D] Japan
Answer: B [United States]
Explanation:
Adam West (88), the well known US actor, has passed away in Los Angeles, United States.
He was the popular star of 1960s Batman TV show.

96. Dr C Narayana Reddy, who passed away recently, was associated with which field
[A] Politics
[B] Journalism
[C] Poetry

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[D] Law
Answer: C [Poetry]
Explanation:
Dr C Narayana Reddy (86), the renowned poet and Jnanpith Award recipient, has passed
away in Hyderabad on June 12, 2017. He was popularly known as CiNaRe and also
honoured with Padmasri and Padma Bhushan for his scholarly writings. He was procient in
Telugu, Urdu and Hindi and several other languages and wrote hundreds of books in all
forms of literature. He also wrote lyrics for hundreds of Telugu Films.

97. Nguyen Duc Hoa has won the 2017 Mumbai Mayors Cup Internation
Tournament. He hails from which country?
[A] France
[B] Russia
[C] China
[D] Vietnam
Answer: D [Vietnam ]
Explanation:
Vietnam Grand Master Nguyen Duc Hoa has clinched the 10th Mumbai Mayors Cup
International Open Chess Tournament by defeating Indian chess player GM Neelotpal Das in
the nal round with 8.5 points on June 11, 2017.

98. Who has been conferred with the 2017 Kalinga Literary Award?
[A] Haraprasad Das
[B] Anand Neelakantan
[C] Dinanath Pathy
[D] Paramita Satpathy
Answer: A [Haraprasad Das]
Explanation:
Poet Haraprasad Das, the legendary poet and essayist, has been conferred with the 2017
Kalinga Literary Award for his work and contribution to literature at the 4th edition of Kalinga
Literary Festival (KLF) on June 11, 2017. This year the KLF introduced two new awards the
2017 Kalinga International Literary Award was received by Anand Neelakantan for his
contribution towards literature and the 2017 Kalinga Karubaki Award was given to Paramita
Satpathy for her contribution to Odia poetry. The 2017 theme of the fest is Literature for
Peace and Harmony.

99. The World Day Against Child Labour is observed on which date?
[A] June 12
[B] June 11

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[C] June 13
[D] June 10
Answer: A [June 12]
Explanation:
The World Day Against Child Labour is observed every year on June 12 to focus attention on
the global extent of child labour and the action and eorts needed to eliminate it. The 2017
theme is In conicts and disasters, protect children from child labour that focuses on the
impact of conicts and disasters on child labour. The day brings together governments,
employers and workers organizations, civil society, as well as millions of people from around
the world to highlight the plight of child labourers and what can be done to help them.

100. The Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary is loacted in which state?


[A] Madhya Pradesh
[B] Uttar Pradesh
[C] Rajasthan
[D] Gujarat
Answer: B [Uttar Pradesh]
Explanation:
The Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary is located in Unnao district on the Kanpur-Lucknow highway
in Uttar Pradesh. In 2015, the sanctuary is renamed asShahid Chandra Shekhar Azad Bird
Sanctuary. It is home to arus crane, painted stork, peafowl, white ibis, dabchick, whistling
teal, open-bill stork, white-necked stork, etc. The major reptiles found in the sanctuary are
cobra, viper, krait, ratsnake and water snakes. It also houses a deer park, watchtowers and
boats.

101. The International Albinism Awareness Day (IAAD) is observed on which date?
[A] June 12
[B] June 14
[C] June 13
[D] June 11
Answer: C [June 13]
Explanation:
The International Albinism Awareness Day (IAAD) is observed every year on June 13 to raise
worldwide awareness on albinism and to prevent attacks and discrimination against persons
with albinism. Albinism is a genetic disorder resulting in little or no pigmentation in the skin,
hair, and eyes. The lack of melanin in the skin makes albinos more prone to sunburn and
skin cancers. Albinism is also associated with visual problems such as photophobia,
amblyopia (lazy eye),nystagmus, etc.

102. Which Indian pair have won gold in mixed team 10m air pistol event at 201

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Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) Gabala World Cup?


[A] Sanjeev Rajput and Anjali Bhagwat
[B] Apurvi Chandela and Jitu Rai
[C] Anjali Bhagwat and Omkar Singh
[D] Jitu Rai and Heena Sidhu
Answer: D [Jitu Rai and Heena Sidhu]
Explanation:
Indian shooters Jitu Rai and Heena Sidhu have clinched the gold medal in mixed team 10m
air pistol event by defeating Russian pair in the nal at the International Shooting Sport
Federation (ISSF) World Cup Rife/Pistol stage held at Gabala, Azerbaijan. They defeated
Russian pair 7-6 in the nals. This is the pairs second World Cup gold following their success
in ISSF World Cup in New Delhi in February 2017. In all, 430 athletes from 45 countries are
competing for medals at the Gabala World Cup, which is the last chance for rie and pistol
shooters to qualify for the ISSF World Cup Finals (WCF). Only 8 best shooters of the world in
each Olympic discipline along with reigning Olympic and World Championship medalists and
wild-cards will be able to compete in the WCF. The mixed team air pistol event is one of the
new events added for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.

103. Who has won the 2017 Formula 1 Canadian Grand Prix tournament?
[A] Lewis Hamilton
[B] Valtteri Bottas
[C] Daniel Ricciardo
[D] Sebastian Vettel
Answer: A [Lewis Hamilton]
Explanation:
Lewis Hamilton has won the 2017 Formula 1 Canadian Grand Prix tournament Canadian
Grand Prix at the Circuit Gilles Villeneuve in Montreal, Canada. It is Hamiltons 6th win at the
Canadian Grand Prix and 56th race win of his career.

104. Which state government will start free mortuary van service for its citizens?
[A] Himachal Pradesh
[B] Punjab
[C] Uttar Pradesh
[D] Madhya Pradesh
Answer: B [Punjab ]
Explanation:
The Punjab government will start free mortuary van service for its citizens in the state. All
government hospitals have been directed to provide such vans free of cost. For this, hospital
attendants will be required to ll up a form to record whether the family of the deceased has

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proper arrangements for transporting the body. Till now, there was no provision of providing
mortuary vans in the government hospitals of state.

105. Which water conservation model has been selected for the national award for e
Mahatma Gandhi national rural employment guarantee programme (MGNREGP)?
[A] Project Jal Sanchay
[B] Project Jal
[C] Project Jal Jyoti
[D] Project Jal Marg
Answer: A [Project Jal Sanchay]
Explanation:
The water conservation model Project Jal Sanchay has been selected for the national
award for excellence in the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee
Programme (MGNREGP). The award will be conferred at a function held at Vigyan Bhawan in
New Delhi on June 19, 2017. The model is adopted successfully by the authorities in Nalanda
district of south central Bihar. Under the project, check dams were created and traditional
Aahar-Pyne irrigation system and traditional water bodies were desilted and renovated to
create awareness about rainwater harvesting. In it, the traditional water conservation
system was used in water management and in maintaining water table in the area. Thus,
through campaigns and support from local farmers, the water conservation project has not
only improved the availability of water but has also positively impacted farm production in
the areas covered by the project.

106. Indias first underwater metro tunnel will come up in which city?
[A] Mumbai
[B] Kolkata
[C] Kochi
[D] Pune
Answer: B [Kolkata]
Explanation:
Indias rst underwater metro tunnel will come up in Kolkata, West Bengal, which will pass
through the Hooghly River. The tunnel has been constructed 30 metres below riverbed, just
a few metres away from the famous Howrah Bridge. It will be connecting two main
terminals: Howrah and Sealdah each of which has a footfall of about 10-12 lakh
passengers per day. With the cost of Rs 60 crore, the project is expected to be completed by
December 2019. Notably, this is the rst time in India that a tunnel has been made under a
owing river.

107. Who has won the 2017 French Open Womens Singles Tennis Tournament?
[A] Kristina Mladenovic
[B] Garbine Muguruza

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[C] Jelena Ostapenko


[D] Simona Halep
Answer: C [Jelena Ostapenko]
Explanation:
Jelena Ostapenk, a Latvian professional tennis player, has won the 2017 French Open
Womens Singles Tennis Tournament by defeating Simona Halep from Romania in the nal
by 46, 64, 63. With this win, Ostapenk became the rst Latvian player to win a Grand
Slam singles tournament and the rst unseeded woman to win the French Open since 1933.
She is known for her highly aggressive playing style, including powerful inside-out
groundstrokes and a tendency to aim for the lines.

108. India has signed pact with which country on Parliamentary Cooperation?
[A] Vietnam
[B] Japan
[C] Maldives
[D] Mauritius
Answer: D [Mauritius ]
Explanation:
India has signed a pact with Mauritius to institutionalize cooperation between Parliaments of
the two countries. The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed by Lok Sabha
Speaker Sumitra Mahajan and Speaker of National Assembly of Mauritius Santi Bai
Hanoomanjee after their meeting in Port Louis. The relationship between the two countries
provides a platform for the sustained growth of friendship and partnership.

109. How many Indian states share border with Myanmar?


[A] 4
[B] 3
[C] 5
[D] 2
Answer: A [4]
Explanation:
The four northeast Indian states share 1,643-km border with Myanmar Arunachal Pradesh,
Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur. It is in news recently, because the Indian Government has
set up an expert committee to examine the rules which allow free movement of Indian and
Myanmarese citizens within 16 kms of the border, but are exploited by militants for
smuggling arms, drugs, and fake Indian currency. The committee will be headed by the
special secretary (Internal Security) in the Ministry of Home Aairs. The committee will give
its report for uniform and eective implementation of free movement regime within 3
months. It will also prepare standard operating procedures common for all the four states so
that militants, criminals and contraband are ltered at the border without causi

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inconvenience to genuine people.

110. Who is the author of the book Indira Gandhi A life in nature?
[A] Jairam Ramesh
[B] Chandi Prasad Bhatt
[C] Anadish Kumar Pal
[D] Sunderlal Bahuguna
Answer: A [Jairam Ramesh]
Explanation:
The book Indira Gandhi A life in nature presents the former prime ministers life as a
naturalist and examines how she steered Indias conservation policy, which is authored by
Jairam Ramesh, the senior Congress leader and former Environment Minister . The author
noted that Mrs. Gandhi used her political authority to save ecologically sensitive areas from
destruction like the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the entire northeast and the rainforests in
the Western Ghats. The book also refers to Indira Gandhis association with nature lovers
Salim Ali, Billy Arjan Singh, Sunderlal Bahuguna and Anne Wright. In all, the book highlighted
the former PM Indira Gandhis love for nature, wildlife and forests.

111. The Nalanda University has signed MoU with which country for academ
colloborations?
[A] South Korea
[B] Japan
[C] Vietnam
[D] Malaysia
Answer: A [South Korea]
Explanation:
The Nalanda University has signed MoU with South Koreas Academy of Korean Studies for
academic linkages and collaborations in Patna, Bihar. As per the MoU, both the universities
will increase their bilateral ties through joint research programmes, faculty and student
exchange, mutual sharing of data, academic research/education, joint teaching &
cooperation in other areas. The MoU will be in eect for 5 years.

112. Which expert committee has been constituted to study free movement along Mya
[A] V. Shashank Shekhar committee
[B] S. Jayaraman committee
[C] Rina Mitra committee
[D] Satyendra Garg committee
Answer: C [Rina Mitra committee]
Explanation:

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The Union Home Ministry has constituted an expert committee to examine methods to curb
the misuse of free movement along the Myanmar border. The committee will be headed by
Rina Mitra, the special secretary (Internal Security) in the Ministry of Home Aairs (MHA).
The committee will examine the present rules and regulations adopted by the border States
for implementation of free movement regime and submit the report within 3 months.
Notably, Indias 1,643-km border with Myanmar touches four states Arunachal Pradesh,
Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram. It is unique in many ways as it has a visa-free movement
regime for people living within 16 kms on either side of the border. They can stay up to 72
hours with eective and valid permits issued by the designated authority on either side.
However, it is misused by militants and criminals who smuggle weapons, narcotics,
contraband goods and fake Indian currency notes (FICN).

113. What is the theme of the 2017 World Blood Donor Day (WBDD)?
[A] Thank you for saving my life
[B] Blood connects us all
[C] Every blood donor is a hero
[D] Give Blood. Give Now. Give Often
Answer: D [Give Blood. Give Now. Give Often]
Explanation:
The World Blood Donor Day (WBDD) is observed every year on June 14 to raise awareness of
the need for safe blood and blood products, and to thank blood donors for their voluntary,
life-saving gifts of blood. Every pint of blood donated can save more than 3 lives. Thus, if you
began donating blood at age 18 and donated every 90 days until you reached 60, you would
have donated 30 gallons of blood, potentially helping save more than 500 lives. The 2017
theme Give Blood. Give Now. Give Often focus on blood donation in emergency situations.

114. Padmalaya Nanda has won the 2017 Little Miss Universe Internet beauty conte
which Indian state?
[A] Assam
[B] Odisha
[C] West Bengal
[D] Jharkhand
Answer: B [Odisha]
Explanation:
Padmalaya Nanda (12) from India has created history by becoming the youngest girl to bag
the Little Miss Universe Internet 2017, Little Miss Universe Grand Prix and Little Miss
Actress crowns at the Little Miss Universe 2017 beauty contest at port city of Batumi in
Georgia, United States. Nanda, who hails from Odisha, has become the rst Indian girl to win
the crown. Now, she will participate in the Little Miss World 2017 competition that will be
held at Greece from Sept 25 to Oct 1, 2017.

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115. Who has been bestowed with the 2017 Nanniyode Rajan Memorial Award?
[A] Prayar Gopalakrishnan
[B] E Sreedharan
[C] Vakkom B Purushothaman
[D] K C Joseph
Answer: B [E Sreedharan ]
Explanation:
Delhi Metro Railway Corporation (DMRC) Principal Adviser E. Sreedharan has been bestowed
with the 2017 Nanniyode Rajan Memorial Award for his contributions to the development of
the country. The award consists of a purse of Rs. 25,000 and a trophy. It is instituted by the
Milma Thiruvananthapuram Regional Cooperative Milk Producers Union (TRCMPU) in
memory of its former chairman.

116. The India-Australia naval exercise AUSINDEX 17 has started in which port ci
[A] Fremantle
[B] Kochi
[C] Geraldton
[D] Visakhapatnam
Answer: A [Fremantle]
Explanation:
The 2nd edition of bilateral maritime exercise AUSINDEX-17 has started between Indian
Navy and Royal Australian Navy in Fremantle, Australia from June 13 to increase inter-
operability and cooperation between the two forces. The Eastern Naval Command of the
Indian Navy under the command of Rear Admiral Biswajit Dasgupta is participating in the
naval exercise. Indian warships INS Shivalik (a muIti-role stealth frigate), INS Kamorta (an
anti-submarine warfare corvette) and INS Jyoti (the eet replenishment tanker) are a part of
this 5-day venture.

117. Which country has launched the worlds smallest and cheapest private jet Visio
[A] United Kingdom
[B] Japan
[C] United States
[D] China
Answer: C [United States]
Explanation:
Cirrus Aircraft, the US-based aviation company, has launched the worlds smallest and
cheapest private jet Vision Jet at Rs.12.6 Crore. The Jet can haul ve adults up to 1,150
miles at 28,000 feet. It is the rst Private Jet with a single engine and can be conveniently
operated by a single pilot, thus keeping production and maintenance costs low for the users.

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The jet can y at a speed of 345mph and has an operating altitude of 28,000 feet.

118. Which country will be co-partner country in the worlds biggest food fair ANUG
[A] Indonesia
[B] China
[C] India
[D] Switzerland
Answer: C [India]
Explanation:
The worlds biggest and most important trade fair for food and beverage trade ANUGA
2017 will be held in Cologne, Germany on October 7, 2017. The acronym of ANUGA is
Allgemeine Nahrungs- und Genussmittel-Ausstellung ( or General Food and Non essential
Provisions Exhibition). India will be co-partner country in ANUGA 2017 and is expected that
more than 200 Indian companies will participate in the food fair. ANUGA oers an extensive
supporting programme with Lectures, Special exhibition and attractive industry events.

119. Which Indian state has highest number of child labourers, as per latest Child
(CRY) report 2017?
[A] West Bengal
[B] Uttar Pradesh
[C] Maharashtra
[D] Bihar
Answer: B [Uttar Pradesh]
Explanation:
According to the latest Child Rights and You (CRY) report, over 8 lakh children in India
between the age group 5 and 6 years are engaged in child labour. A large percentage, over
5 lakh of these children do not attend school. Majority of these kids are engaged in family
based employments. The report revealed that Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of
2,50,672 children engaged in labour, followed by Bihar with 1,28,087 children and
Maharashtra where the number stands at 82,847. The report further stated that the
Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) have many limitations and has covered only
50% of the child labourers. Thus, many children in this age group are seen accompanying
their parents to their workplace or end up living with minimal care.

120. The Valmiki National Park (VNP) is located in which state?


[A] Bihar
[B] Jharkhand
[C] Uttar Pradesh
[D] Gujarat
Answer: A [Bihar]

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Explanation:
The Valmiki National Park (VNP) is located in the West Champaran district of Bihar. It is home
to tiger, Rhinoceros, Black bear, Leopard, Wild dog, wild bualo, wild boar etc. At present
241 bird species have been reported in the forest. Some of the interesting birds are Nepal
kaleej pheasant, three-toed quail, ycatcher, grey shrike, green willow warbler and tree
pipit.

121. The Union Government has launched IDCF programme to reduce child
diarrhoea. What does IDCF stands for?
[A] Intensified Diarrhea Control Fortnight
[B] Intensive Diarrhea Control Fortnight
[C] Intensify Diarrhea Control Fortnight
[D] Intense Diarrhea Control Fortnight
Answer: A [Intensified Diarrhea Control Fortnight]
Explanation:
The Union Health Ministry has launched an Intensied Diarrhea Control Fortnight (IDCF
across the country to reduce child deaths due to diarrhoea. Through this initiative, the
Ministry will mobilize health personnel, State Governments and other stakeholders in
controlling the disease, which is one of the most common childhood illnesses. During the
IDCF, the awareness campaign on hygiene and promotion of ORS and Zinc therapy will be
conducted at state, district and village levels. Nearly 12 crore under ve children will be
covered during the programme. As per an estimate, 1.1 million children die every year in
India out of which about one lakh death occur due to this disease. Diarrhoea can be
prevented with safe drinking water, sanitation, breastfeeding and appropriate nutrition.

122. Who has become the first Indian woman to be elected as judge of the Internatio
the Law of the Sea (ITLOS)?
[A] Nirmila Randhawat
[B] Aniruddha Rajput
[C] Neeru Chadha
[D] Nidhi Bhandari
Answer: C [Neeru Chadha]
Explanation:
Dr. Neeru Chadha has become the rst Indian woman to be elected as the judge of the
International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) for a nine-year term from 2017 to 2026.
She got most of the votes in Asia Pacic Group. With this election, Dr. Chadha has also
become the rst Indian woman to occupy a top UN position, after Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, who
served as the President of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). The Hamburg-
based ITLOS, established in 1996, is one of dispute settlement mechanisms under the UN
Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) that entered into force in 1994.

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123. The 16th North East Region Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (NERC
has started in which city?
[A] Guwahati
[B] Imphal
[C] Agartala
[D] Shillong
Answer: B [Imphal ]
Explanation:
Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan has inaugurated the 16th North East Region
Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (NERCPA) Conference at Imphal in Manipur on
June 15, 2017. The theme of the Conference is North East and Look East Policy. The
Conference will deliberate on three signicant themes North East and Look East Policy,
special plan for development of railways, airways, surface road and inland waterways
connectivity for speedy economic development of North East Region and setting up of a
chapter of Speakers Research Initiative in the North Eastern Region for capacity building of
the legislators of the region and generating research for the North Eastern legislatures. In
the conference, Manipur Governor Dr. Najma Heptulla, Meghalaya Legislative Assembly
Speaker and NERCPA Chairman Abu Taher Mondal, Manipur Deputy Chief Minister Yumnam
Joykumar Singh, Presiding Ocers and members of the legislatures of North East States are
participating.

124. Which country has topped the global remittance-receiving list of 2016, as per la
One Family at a Time?
[A] China
[B] Philippines
[C] Malaysia
[D] India
Answer: D [India ]
Explanation:
India has topped the global remittance-receiving list of 2016, as per the latest United
Nations report One Family at a Time. As per the report, Indians working across the globe
sent home $62.7 billion US dollars in 2016, followed by China ($61 billion), Philippines ($30
billion) and Pakistan ($20 billion). The One Family at a Time study by the UN International
Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) stated that about 200 million migrants globally
sent more than $445 billion dollars as remittances in 2016 to their families. Remittance ows
have grown over the last decade from $296 billion in 2007 to $445 billion in 2016. It has
risen at a rate averaging 4.2 per cent annually. The study is the rst-ever of a 10-year trend
in migration and remittance ows over the period 2007-2016. The report has made several
recommendations for improving public policies and outlines proposals for partnerships with
the private sector to reduce costs and create opportunities for migrants and their families to

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use their money more productively.

125. Which state government has signed MoU with British Council for quality educa
[A] Sikkim
[B] Himachal Pradesh
[C] Manipur
[D] Kerala
Answer: A [Sikkim ]
Explanation:
The Sikkim government has signed MoU with the British Council to increase quality of
education in the state. The purpose of the MoU is to support the aims and aspirations of the
young people of Sikkim through collaborative projects in the area of English, education and
skills by strengthening the capacity of the teachers and other professionals, working with
youth in the state and support its cultural economy. The programme also include capacity
building in teaching, learning and research pedagogy of Science, Technology, Engineering
and Mathematics (STEM) and Social Science teachers from undergraduate colleges and
universities in Sikkim by UK higher education experts along with internship of young faculties
at relevant UK Universities.

126. The 2017 G7 Environmental ministry meeting was held in which city?
[A] Bologna
[B] Paris
[C] New Delhi
[D] New York
Answer: A [Bologna]
Explanation:
The 2017 G7 Environment Ministers Meetings was held in Bologna, Italy on June 11-12. The
meeting was attended by the Environment Ministers of US, UK, France, Germany, Italy,
Canada and Japan and the Commissioners of the European Union for Environment and
Climate. The meeting discussed various issues ranging from climate change to sustainable
development and litter at sea. In it, the 5 year Bologna Roadmap was adopted, which
focuses on important issues such as resource eciency indicators, citizen involvement,
awareness on food waste and economic analysis of the ecient use of resources.

127. India first canal top solar PV system has set up in which state?
[A] Tamil Nadu
[B] Kerala
[C] Maharashtra
[D] Uttar Pradesh
Answer: C [Maharashtra]

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Explanation:
NTPC has commissioned a150 KW Indias rst canal top solar PV System on Cooling Water
(CW) channel at its 2320 MW Mouda Thermal Power Project, near Nagpur in Maharashtra.
This novel Solar PV system makes use of side walls of CW channels as load bearing structure
thereby signicantly decreasing cost of civil and mounting structure. The system also has
several other unique advantages such as land conservation and water conservation due to
reduced evaporation. It also increases PV generation due to cooling from the water and a
reduction in dirt.

128. Who is the author of the book Yug Purush, Bharat Ratna, Atal Ji?
[A] Ramesh Pokhriyal
[B] Praveen Kumar Pandey
[C] Ramesh Datt Dikisht
[D] Nerraj Srivastava
Answer: A [Ramesh Pokhriyal]
Explanation:
The book titled Yug Purush, Bharat Ratna, Atal Ji is based on the on the social and political
life of former Prime Minister of India Atal Bhihari Vajpayee. It is authored by Ramesh
Pokhriyal Nishank, who is the BJP MP and former Uttarakhand chief minister. Recently,
Pokhriyal has ocially handed over the rst copy of the 450-page book to the President of
India Pranab Mukherjee. Though, the book will be launched soon in the market for all.

129. Which state government has launched Pashu Bazar website for online cattle sale
[A] Andhra Pradesh
[B] Goa
[C] Mizoram
[D] Telangana
Answer: D [Telangana]
Explanation:
The Telangana government has launched Pashu Bazar website for online cattle sale. The
online sale or purchase of cattle through pashubazar.telangana.gov.in website will help
farmers as the cattle need not be brought to shandies every time and farmers can save on
transportation cost on cattle. Farmer can keep maximum ve registrations for sale at any
time. Thus, the online platform has been developed to help farmers to sell their animals
without physically taking them to weekly markets.

130. The worlds largest refinery and petrochemical complex will be set up in which In
[A] Uttar Pradesh
[B] Maharashtra
[C] Bihar

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[D] Jharkhand
Answer: B [Maharashtra]
Explanation:
The three state-run Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) Indian Oil Corporation (IOC),
Hindustan Petroleum Corp Ltd (HPCL) and Bharat Petroleum Corp Ltd (BPCL) have signed an
agreement to jointly set up the worlds largest renery and petrochemical complex at
Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra at a cost of $40 billion. The IOC will hold 50% stake and
HPCL & BPCL will will take 25% stake each in the new complex. The renery will produce
petrol, diesel, LPG, ATF and feedstock for making petrochemical that are basic building
blocks in plastic, chemical and textile industries. The renery is expected to be completed by
2022.

131. Which city hosted the World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) Forum-201
[A] Paris
[B] New York
[C] Geneva
[D] Berlin
Answer: C [Geneva]
Explanation:
The World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) Forum-2017 has held in Geneva,
Switzerland on June 12-16 to represent the worlds largest annual gathering of the ICT for
development community. The WSIS 2017 theme is Information and Knowledge Societies for
SDGs and has served as a platform for discussions on the role of Information and
Communications Technologies (ICTs) as a means of implementation of the Sustainable
Development Goals (SDGs). Manoj Sinha, the Minister of Communications, has represented
India in the WSIS forum and highlighted the success story of India in leveraging ICT for
providing citizen centric information and services in timely and reliable manner under the
visionary leadership of Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi.

132. Where is the headquarters of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (
[A] Paris
[B] Geneva
[C] Berlin
[D] New York
Answer: D [New York]
Explanation:
The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is one of the six principal organs of the United
Nations for coordinating the economic, social and environmental issues, as well as for
implementing internationally agreed development goals. Recently, it is in news because
India has been re-elected to the United Nations ECOSOC for another 3-year term. India was

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among 18 nations to win election to the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). India
obtained 183 votes, the second highest after Japan in the Asia Pacic category. The elected
members of ECOSOC for a three-year term beginning 1 January, 2018 are Belarus, Ecuador,
El Salvador, France, Germany, Ghana, India, Ireland, Japan, Malawi, Mexico, Morocco,
Philippines, Spain, Sudan, Togo, Turkey and Uruguay. The headquarters of the ECOSOC is
located in New York, Unites States.

133. P N Bhagwati, who passed away recently, was associated with which field?
[A] Law
[B] Politics
[C] Journalism
[D] Film Industry
Answer: A [Law]
Explanation:
Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati (95), the former Chief Justice of India (CJI), has passed
away in New Delhi on June 15,2017. Justice Bhagwati is known for introducing and
pioneering Public Interest Litigation (PIL) which transformed the legal landscape in India.

134. Who is the newly appointed Indian Ambassador to European Union (EU)?
[A] Reenat Sandhu
[B] Gaitri Issar Kumar
[C] Ajit Vinayak Gupte
[D] Rajeev Shahare
Answer: B [Gaitri Issar Kumar]
Explanation:
Gaitri Issar Kumar, the joint secretary in the Presidents Secretariat and a 1986 batch IFS
ocer, has been appointed as the Indias new Ambassador to Belgium and the European
Union (EU) which has its headquarters in the Belgian capital of Brussels. Beside this, Reenat
Sandhu and Ajit Vinayak Gupte have been named as the Indias new Ambassador to Italy
and Denmark.

135. What is the theme of the 2017 ASEAN Dengue Day (ADD)?
[A] One vision for dengue-free society
[B] ASEAN unity for a dengue-free community
[C] Dengue: Fight is necessary
[D] United fight against dengue
Answer: D [United fight against dengue]
Explanation:
The ASEAN Dengue Day (ADD) is observed every year on June 15 to raise awareness on
dengue and to mobilise resources for prevention and control involving private and public

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sector stakeholders. The day observed as a collective advocacy event to reiterate calls on all
sectors of society to unite against dengue, as well as to highlight innovative and eective
strategies in the prevention and control of dengue. The 2017 theme is United Fight Against
Dengue.

136. Who will be conferred with the 2017 Bhupen Hazarika National Award?
[A] Samudra Gupta Kashyap
[B] Lou Majaw
[C] Yeshe Dorjee Thongchi
[D] Jahnu Barua
Answer: C [Yeshe Dorjee Thongchi]
Explanation:
Yeshe Dorjee Thongchi, the renowned litterateur from Arunachal Pradesh, will be conferred
with the 5th edition of Bhupen Hazarika National Award-2017 in a ceremony at Srinagar,
Jammu & Kaskmir in September 2017. The award was instituted by Pune-based social
organization Sarhad in 2012 and is conferred on a person every year who has rendered an
outstanding work at the national and international level. It consists of Rs. 51,000, a
memento and a certicate.

137. Who has won the 2017 Man Booker International Prize?
[A] Ian Samsom
[B] David Grossman
[C] Roy Jacobsen
[D] Amos Oz
Answer: B [David Grossman]
Explanation:
David Grossman has become the rst Israeli author to win the 2017 Man Bo
International prize for his novel A Horse Walks Into a Bar. The novel was translated by
Jessica Cohen and is published in Britain by Jonathan Cape. The book is an ambitious high-
wire act of a novel that shines a spotlight on the eects of grief, without any hint o
sentimentality. Since 2016, the Man Booker International Prize awards both the winning
author and translator 25,000. To be considered for the prize, books had to be translated
into English and published in the UK between May 1, 2016 and April 30, 2017.

138. Which IIT institute will confer honorary doctorate degree to PT Usha?
[A] IIT Madras
[B] IIT Kanpur
[C] IIT Indore
[D] IIT Bombay
Answer: B [IIT Kanpur]

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Explanation:
The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur has conferred honorary doctorate degree
Doctor of Science (D.Sc) to former sprinter queen PT Usha at its 50th convocation in
Kanpur on June 16, 2017 for her contributions to Indian sports and women
empowerment.The D.Sc (honoris causa) is the highest (honorary) academic degree of IIT
Kanpur. The Kannur University had conferred the Doctor of Letters (D. Litt) on Usha in 2000.

139. The 2017 World Elder Abuse Awareness Day (WEAAD) is observed on which d
[A] June 14
[B] June 16
[C] June 15
[D] June 17
Answer: C [June 15]
Explanation:
The World Elder Abuse Awareness Day (WEAAD) is observed every year on June 15 to
highlight the often silent suering of the elder generation. This is the one day of the year
when the whole world voices its opposition to the abuse and suering inicted to some
defenseless older people. The 2017 theme Understand and End Financial Abuse of Older
People: A Human Rights Issue underscores the importance of preventing nanc
exploitation in the context of elder abuse to the enjoyment of older persons human rights.

140. What is the Indias rank in the 2017 Global Innovation Index (GII)?
[A] 60th
[B] 36th
[C] 54th
[D] 75th
Answer: A [60th]
Explanation:
India has been ranked 60th out of 130 nations on the Global Innovation Index (GII) 2017. The
2017 index highlighted the continual improvement of India in terms of investment, tertiary
education, quality of its publications and universities, its ICT services exports and innovation
clusters. Among Indias neighbors, Sri Lanka has acquired 90th spot, Nepal 109th, Pakistan
113th and Bangladesh 114th spot. The list is topped by Switzerland, followed by Sweden and
the Netherlands. The theme of the 2017 Index is Innovation Feeding the World that
focuses on innovation in agriculture and food systems. The index is co-authored by Cornell
University, INSEAD and World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO).

141. What is the Indias rank in an environment impact survey, as per latest stu
Money Super Market?
[A] 75th

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

[B] 60th
[C] 54th
[D] 36th
Answer: A [75th]
Explanation:
India has been ranked 75th out of 102 countries in terms of the human impact on
environment per person, as per latest study by UK-based nancial services website Money
Super Market. Mozambique has topped the list as the greenest nation because it uses 100%
green energy, followed by Ethiopia, Zambia, Latvia and Kenya. The study gave most weight
to Carbon dioxide emissions, municipal solid waste and energy consumption. It highlights the
individual contribution to the worlds climate and also highlighted areas for improvement for
each country. Trinidad and Tobago ranks last because it hardly relies on any green energy
sources and have CO2 emissions on an average of 37.1 tonnes per person.

142. The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) has granted how much
investment loan to the India Infrastructure Fund (IIF)?
[A] $250 million
[B] $150 million
[C] $350 million
[D] $501 million
Answer: B [$150 million]
Explanation:
The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) has approved $150 million equity
investment loan to the India Infrastructure Fund (IIF), which is AIIBs rst such loan to fund
private projects. The purpose of the Infrastructure Fund is to invest in mid-cap infrastructure
companies in India and to expand the banks equity and loan deal sourcing pipelines in the
private sector through its equity participation in this fund. This initiative will benet local
infrastructure development by enhancing private capital inows from global long-term
investors, such as public pension funds, endowments and insurance companies.

143. What is the theme of 2017 World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought?
[A] Women and Desertification
[B] Beauty of Deserts The Challenge of Desertification
[C] Our Land. Our Home. Our Future
[D] Protect Earth. Restore Land
Answer: C [Our Land. Our Home. Our Future]
Explanation:
The World Day to Combat Desertication and Drought is observed every year on June 17 to
promote public awareness of international eorts to combat desertication. The day is a

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unique moment to remind everyone that land degradation neutrality is achievable through
problem-solving, strong community involvement and co-operation at all levels. The 2017
theme is Our Land. Our Home. Our Future.

144. Helmut Kohl, who passed away recently, was the former head of which country?
[A] France
[B] Italy
[C] Russia
[D] Germany
Answer: D [Germany ]
Explanation:
Helmut Kohl (87), the former German Chancellor, has passed away in Oggersheim, Germany
on June 16, 2017. Kohl, who led the centre-right Christian Democrats, was the longest-
serving German chancellor of the 20th Century. As Germanys leader for 16 years, Kohl is
remembered for reuniting the country and for making a huge political and economic
contribution to Europes integration. Kohl is credited with bringing East and West Germany
together after the fall of the Berlin Wall. Together with his French ally President Francois
Mitterrand, he was responsible for the introduction of the Euro.

145. Which country to host the 2018 annual meeting of the Asian Infrastructure I
(AIIB)?
[A] India
[B] China
[C] South Korea
[D] Japan
Answer: A [India]
Explanation:
The third annual meeting of the board of governors of the Asian Infrastructure Investment
Bank (AIIB) will be held in Mumbai, India in June 2018. India is AIIBs second-larges
shareholder. The AIIB is a new multilateral development bank founded to bring countries
together to address the daunting infrastructure needs across Asia. The headquarters of AIIB
is located in Beijing, China. Its mission is to improve economic and social development in
Asia by investing in high quality, nancially viable and environmentally fr
infrastructure projects. The 2nd annual meeting of the board of governors was held in Jeju,
Republic of Korea in 2017.

146. Who has been conferred with the 2017 Kusumagraja Rashtriya Puraskar?
[A] Mrunal Bhradwaj
[B] H S Shivaprakash
[C] Jaydeo Dole

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[D] Menka Dhumale


Answer: B [H S Shivaprakash]
Explanation:
H S Shivaprakash, the noted Kannada poet and playwright, has been conferred with the
prestigious 2017 Kusumagraja Rashtriya Puraskar for his outstanding contribution in social
and educational elds. The award is constituted by Nashik-based Yashwantrao Chavan
Maharashtra Open Universitys (YCMOU) Kusumagraja Adhyasan (Chair). It carries a cash
prize of Rs 1 lakh, a memento and citation. Beside this, Latur-based Menka Dhumale has
been honoured with the YCMOUs 2016 Baburao Bagul story writing award for her book
Korda Paus.

147. Who has won the Keralas first-ever beauty contest for transgenders?
[A] Jaz D\souza
[B] Syama Sanju
[C] Harini Chandana
[D] Remya Nambeeshan
Answer: B [Syama Sanju]
Explanation:
Syama Sanju has won the Keralas rst-ever beauty contest for transgenders Queen of
Dhwayah-2017, which was held at CIAL Convention Centre in Nedumbassery, Kerala. Apart
from this, Jaz Dsouza was crowned the rst runner-up while Harini Chandana came third
from among fteen participants. The Queen of Dhwayah 2017 was organized by Dhwayah
Arts and Cultural Society with the aim to draw attention to the third gender in the society
and its inclusion.

148. Who will become the first female prime minister of Serbia?
[A] Marija Vucic
[B] Aagdalena Dacic
[C] Ana Brnabic
[D] Aleks Brnabic
Answer: C [Ana Brnabic]
Explanation:
Ana Brnabic, a graduate of the University of Hull in England, will become the rst gay and
rst female prime minister of Serbia, following her nomination by the nations president,
Aleksandar Vucic. She will succeed Ivica Dacic on June 2017. The role of the Prime Minister in
Serbia is to direct the work of the Government, and to submit to the National Assembly the
Governments Program, including a list of proposed ministers. The resignation of the Prime
Minister will cause the fall of the Government.

149. Ajmer Singh Aulakh, the noted playwright passed away. He hailed from which st

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

[A] Assam
[B] Uttar Pradesh
[C] Haryana
[D] Punjab
Answer: D [Punjab]
Explanation:
Ajmer Singh Aulakh (75), the renowned Punjabi playwright and Sahitya Akademi awardee,
has passed away in Mansa, Punjab. He was known to depict the real picture of rural life of
Punjab, especially the Malwa region, under the stress of capitalism. His plays raised a voice
against the ills that plague society, be it honour killings, domestic violence, female foeticide,
militancy, etc.

150. Which city is hosting the Know India Programme (KIP) for young overseas Ind
[A] Bhopal
[B] New Delhi
[C] Kanpur
[D] Jaipur
Answer: B [New Delhi]
Explanation:
The Union External Aairs Minister Sushma Swaraj has inaugurated Know India Programme
(KIP) for young overseas Indians at a function in New Delhi on June 17, 2017. The purpose of
the programme is to promote awareness on dierent facets of life in India and the progress
made by the country in various elds such as economic and education. The Know India
Programme (KIP) is a three-week orientation programme for the Indian diaspora. It provides
a unique forum for students and young professionals of Indian origin to visit India, share
their views, expectations and experiences and develop closer bonds with the contemporary
India.

151. Who of the following has been conferred with the MBE (Member of the Orde
Empire)?
[A] Annabel Mehta
[B] Sachin Tendulkar
[C] Mukesh Ambani
[D] Nitish Kumar
Answer: A [Annabel Mehta]
Explanation:
Sachin Tendulkars mother-in-law and social activist, Annabel Mehta has been conferred with
the MBE (Member of the Order of the British Empire) in recognition of her 40 years of service
to underprivileged communities in Mumbai and the NGO Apnalaya. The award will be

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

presented to her at Buckingham Palace in London later this year. The Order of the British
Empire (which has several ranks) was created in 1917 by King George V to recognise
individuals, who have contributed valued service to their communities. MBE is a rank of the
order and stands for Member of the Order of the British Empire.

152. John Avildsen, the renowned film director passed away. He hailed from which co
[A] United Kingdom
[B] United States
[C] Germany
[D] France
Answer: B [United States]
Explanation:
John G. Avildsen (81), the Oscar-winning director of Rocky and The Karate Kid, has passed
away in California, United States. Other lms he directed include Joe, Save the Tiger, Fore
Play, The Formula, Neighbors, For Keeps, Lean on Me, The Power of One, etc.

153. Who has won the 2017 Mens singles Indonesia Open Super Series Badminton to
[A] Parupalli Kashyap
[B] Prannoy Kumar
[C] Kidambi Srikanth
[D] Chetan Anand
Answer: C [Kidambi Srikanth]
Explanation:
Indian shuttler Kidambi Srikanth has become the rst Indian mens singles player to win the
Indonesia Open Super Series mens singles tournament by defeating Kazumasa Sakai of
Japan in the nal at Jakarta by 21-11, 21-19. With this win, Srikanth clinched his third Super
Series title after he had notched up victories at the 2014 China Open and the 2015 India
Open.

154. Which Indian organisation has launched digital enrollment process APY@
Pension Yojna?
[A] RBI
[B] NPCI
[C] IRDA
[D] PFRDA
Answer: D [PFRDA]
Explanation:
The Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) has launched digital
enrollment process APY@eNPS for Atal Pension Yojana (APY) to expand the outreach of the

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

scheme. The APY is the governments agship social security scheme which may be availed
by every citizen of India who is in the age group of 18-40 years. The scheme provides a
minimum guaranteed pension to everyone enrolled. Currently, the scheme boasts of over 54
lakh subscribers and has generated a return of 13.91%.

155. The International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict is ob
day?
[A] June 19
[B] June 20
[C] June 18
[D] June 21
Answer: A [June 19]
Explanation:
The International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conict is observed every
year on June 19 to raise awareness of the need to put an end to conict-related sexual
violence, to honour the victims and survivors of sexual violence around the world and to pay
tribute to all those who have courageously devoted their lives to and lost their lives in
standing up for the eradication of these crimes. The 2017 theme is Preventing Sexual
Violence Crimes through Justice and Deterrence.

156. Which public sector bank has tied up with Tirumala Milk Products for providin
farmers?
[A] Vijaya Bank
[B] State Bank of India
[C] Punjab National Bank
[D] Dena Bank
Answer: B [State Bank of India]
Explanation:
The State Bank of India (SBI) has tied-up with Tirumala Milk Products to provide loans to
dairy farmers who supply milk to the latter. As per the scheme for nancing dairy units, SBI
oers loans for construction of shed, and purchase of milch animals, milking machine, and
cha cutter. Apart from this, the bank also provides loans to dairy societies
modernisation and creation of infrastructure such as purchase of automatic milk collection
system, purchase of transport vehicles and bulk chilling unit. The Tirumala Milk Products is a
South- based company, which was acquired by France-based Groupe Lactalis in 2014.

157. The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) has recently approved th
which of the following nations?
[A] Taiwan, Ukraine and Tonga
[B] Ukraine, Argentina and Japan

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

[C] Japan, Colombia and United States


[D] Argentina, Madagascar and Tonga
Answer: D [Argentina, Madagascar and Tonga]
Explanation:
The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) has recently approved the membership of
Argentina, the Republic of Madagascar and the Kingdom of Tonga at its 2nd annual meeting
of Board of Governors in Jeju, South Korea, June 16, 2017. The three prospective members
will ocially join the AIIB once they complete the required domestic processes and deposit
the rst installment of capital with the bank. The 2017 AIIB annual meeting was held under
the theme of Sustainable Infrastructure, seeking strategic directions of the international
infrastructure bank and making major decisions on the banks management.

158. Sahapedia in partnership with which UN organisation has launched fellowship


promote Indias cultural heritage?
[A] WIPO
[B] UNODC
[C] UNESCO
[D] IFAD
Answer: C [UNESCO]
Explanation:
Sahapedia, an open online interactive heritage portal on Indian arts, in partnership with the
United Nations Educational, Scientic and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has recently
launched a fellowship programme, to inspire and provide an opportunity for young people to
expand their knowledge and encourage documentation of Indias rich cultural heritage. The
Sahapedia-UNESCO Fellowships will be available to post-doctoral scholars, doctoral
candidates, post-graduates, and graduates. The fellowships will be available in two variants
the Sahapedia Project Fellowship (SPF) and the Sahapedia Research Fellowship (SRF)
that gives the applicants the option of participating either at the level of primary
documentation or in the content curation process.

159. The Jigme Dorji National Park is located in which country?


[A] India
[B] Bhutan
[C] Nepal
[D] Myanmar
Answer: B [Bhutan]
Explanation:
The Jigme Dorji National Park is the second-largest National Park of Bhutan. The park
provides sanctuary for 37 known species of mammals including several endangered,
threatened or vulnerable species, such as the takin, snow leopard, clouded leopard, Bengal

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

tiger, bharal or Himalayan blue sheep, etc. It is also home to the Indian leopard, serow,
sambar, barking deer, goral, marmot, pika and more than 300 species of birds. It is also the
only park in Bhutan where the national animal (takin), ower (blue poppy), bird (raven) and
tree (cypress) exist together.

160. Who of the following has won the 2017 Orwell Prize?
[A] Arkady Ostrovsky
[B] J D Taylor
[C] Fintan OToole
[D] John Bew
Answer: D [John Bew]
Explanation:
John Bew has been bestowed with the 2017 Orwell Prize for his extraordinary biography
Citizen Clem , which is about Clement Attlee, the founder of the NHS. The 3,000 award is
the Britains most prestigious prize for political writing, which is awarded annually by the
Orwell Foundation to a book that comes closest to the George Orwells ambition to make
political writing into an art in London.

161. The first-ever BRICS Games 2017 has started in which country?
[A] South Africa
[B] Russia
[C] China
[D] Brazil
Answer: C [China ]
Explanation:
The rst-ever BRICS Games has started at the Guangzhou Baiyun International Convention
Center in Guangzhou, China on June 17, 2017. It featured some 300 athletes from ve
countries- Brazil, China, India, Russia and South Africa with 10 events in 3 sports mens
basketball, womens volleyball and Wushu. Recently, India has won six medals in the Wushu
competition of the rst ever BRICS Games. The medals haul comprised two each in gold,
silver and bronze. M. Gyandas and Anjul Namdev won one gold each. The two silver medals
came through Bidheswari Devi and Toshibala while L. Sanatgombhi Chanu and Sajan Lama
settled for bronze in the Wushu competition.

162. The Union Government has launched ECBC 2017 for new commercial buildin
ECBC stands for?
[A] Energy Control Building Code
[B] Energy Conservation Building Code
[C] Energy Concatenation Building Code
[D] Energy Co-nation Building Code

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Answer: B [Energy Conservation Building Code]


Explanation:
The Union Power Minister Piyush Goyal has launched Energy Conservation Building Code
(ECBC) 2017 in New Delhi to prescribe the energy performance standards for new
commercial buildings to be constructed across India. The updated version of ECBC provides
current as well as futuristic advancements in building technology to further reduce building
energy consumption and promote low-carbon growth. The purpose of the code is to optimize
energy savings with the comfort level for occupants, and prefers life-cycle cost eectiveness
to achieve energy neutrality in commercial building. The ECBC 2017 was developed by
Bureau of Energy Eciency (BEE) with technical support from United States Agency for
International Development (USAID) under the U.S.-India bilateral Partnership to Advance
Clean Energy Deployment Technical Assistance (PACE-D TA) Program.

163. Baldwin Lonsdale, who passed away recently, was the President of which countr
[A] Vanuatu
[B] Zambia
[C] Uganda
[D] Greece
Answer: A [Vanuatu]
Explanation:
Baldwin Jacobson Lonsdale (67), the current President of Vanuatu, has passed away in Port
Vila, Vanuatu on June 17, 2017. He was a former senior civil servant and served as the
secretary general of the Torba provincial government before becoming an Anglican priest.
Father Lonsdale was the 2nd Anglican priest to become head of state in Vanuatu. He served
the nation from September 22, 2014 until his death.

164. The iconic Taj Mahal Palace hotel of Mumbai has acquired an`image tradema
act?
[A] Trade Marks Act, 1989
[B] Trade Marks Act, 1978
[C] Trade Marks Act, 1958
[D] Trade Marks Act, 1999
Answer: D [Trade Marks Act, 1999]
Explanation:
The iconic Taj Mahal Palace hotel of Mumbai has acquired an `image trademark under the
Trademark Act of 1999. Thus, the Palace has become the rst building in India to get
intellectual property rights protection for its architectural design. Now, it is will be dicult to
use Taj Mahal Palaces images for commercial purposes without paying the company a
licensing fee. Though, it does not prevent locals and tourists from clicking pictures of the
iconic building as long as it is not sold for commercial benets. The Trade Marks Act of 1999

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

is the current governing law relating to registered trademarks which replaced The Trade and
Merchandise Marks Act of 1958.The act enables to deal with the precise nature of rights
which a person can acquire in respect of trademarks.

165. The 2017 World Refugee Day (WRD) is observed on which date?
[A] June 20
[B] June 21
[C] June 19
[D] June 22
Answer: A [June 20]
Explanation:
The World Refugee Day (WRD) is observed every year on June 20 to honor the courage,
strength and determination of women, men and children who are forced to ee their
homeland under threat of persecution, conict and violence. This year, the United Nations
Childrens Fund (UNICEF) has appointed Syrian refugee Muzoon Almellehan as its newest and
youngest Goodwill Ambassador on June 20, 2017 to promote child education. The WRD 2017
has marked a key moment for the public to show support for families.

166. Who has become the new brand ambassador to promote Goods and Services Tax (
[A] Aamir Khan
[B] Amitabh Bachchan
[C] Sachin Tendulkar
[D] P T Usha
Answer: B [Amitabh Bachchan]
Explanation:
The Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC) has appointed Bollywood megastar
Amitabh Bachchan as new brand ambassador for Goods and Services Tax (GST). A 40-
second video GST An initiative to create a unied national market featuring him has
already been shot and is being circulated by the Finance Ministry. In the video, Bachchan
explains GST as a unifying force just like the three colours in the national ag. The GST will
simplify a web of taxes, regulations and border levies by subsuming an array of central and
state levies including excise duty, service tax and VAT.

167. Which union minister has launched a mobile app Celebrating Yoga for sc
living?
[A] Arun Jaitley
[B] Narendra Modi
[C] M Venkaiah Naidu
[D] Harsh Vardhan
Answer: D [Harsh Vardhan]

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Explanation:
The Union Minister for Science & Technology Dr. Harsh Vardhan has launched a mobile app
Celebrating Yoga in New Delhi to connect people through Yoga for scientic healthy living.
The mobile app has been developed by Department of Science & Technology on the
occasion of International Yoga Day (IYD) 2017. The aim of the app is to popularize Yoga and
encourage people to practice yoga for a scientically healthy living.

168. Who has been re-nominated by India for another term as judge at the Intern
Justice (ICJ)?
[A] Dhananjaya Chandrachud
[B] Madan Bhimrao Lokur
[C] Dalveer Bhandari
[D] Harish Salve
Answer: C [Dalveer Bhandari]
Explanation:
India has re-nominated Justice Dalveer Bhandari as its candidate for another term as judge
at the International Court of Justice (ICJ). His current term runs through February 2018. The
ICJ elections will be held in November and if elected, he will serve a term of 9 years. During
his term at the ICJ, Justice Bhandari has been engaged actively in the work of the Court. He
has delivered individual opinions in eleven cases covering a broad spectrum of subjects such
as maritime disputes, whaling in Antarctica, crime of genocide, nuclear disarmament,
nancing of terrorism and violation of sovereign rights. ICJ is the principal judicial organ of
the United Nations based in The Hague in the Netherlands.

169. Muzoon Almellehan has been named as new Unicef Goodwill Ambassador.
which country?
[A] Pakistan
[B] Syria
[C] Israel
[D] North Korea
Answer: B [Syria]
Explanation:
The United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF) has appointed Syrian refugee Muzoon
Almellehan as its newest and youngest Goodwill Ambassador on World Refugee Day (WRD)
on June 20, 2017. With this, the 19-year-old female education activist Muzoon has become
the rst goodwill ambassador with ocial refugee status.

170. P K Kaw, an Internationally recognized plasma physicist passed away. He h


country?
[A] South Korea

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

[B] China
[C] India
[D] Japan
Answer: C [India]
Explanation:
Prof Predhiman Krishan Kaw (69), an internationally recognised plasma physicist and pioneer
of thermo-nuclear fusion in India, has passed away in Gandhinagar, Gujarat on June 18,
2017. He was the founder director of the Institute of Plasma Research (IPR), Gandhinagar
and served as the Professor of Department of Science and Technology (DST) at the institute
till he breathed his last. The veteran scientist was honoured with Padma Shri in 1985 for his
contribution in the eld of producing energy through thermonuclear fusion. He wa
internationally known for his outstanding contribution to the physics of non-linear collective
phenomena in plasmas with special emphasis on applications to thermonuclear fusion.

171. Which institute has been selected as the first recipient of the Prime Ministers Y
[A] Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana (SVYASA), Bangaluru
[B] Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute (RIMYI), Pune
[C] Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education (LNIPE), Gwalior
[D] Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga, New Delhi
Answer: B [Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute (RIMYI), Pune]
Explanation:
The Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute (RIMYI), Pune has been selected as the rst
recipient of the Prime Ministers Award for outstanding contribution to promotion and
development of Yoga. The institute has worked to spread Yoga, internationally, over a period
of four decades. Apart from this RIMYI has also published many books on Yoga and these
have been translated into multiple languages. There are thousands of Iyengar Yoga teachers
popularising and propagating yoga across the world. The Award was recommended by an
Evaluation Committee (Jury) constituted under the Chairmanship of the Cabinet Secretary
and included Additional Principal Secretary to Prime Minister, the Foreign Secretary,
Secretary (AYUSH) and Dr. Veerendra Heggade as its members.

172. What is the theme of the 2017 International Yoga Day (IYD)?
[A] Yoga for Health
[B] Yoga for Peace
[C] Yoga for Healthy mind
[D] Yoga for Healthy living
Answer: A [Yoga for Health]
Explanation:
The International Yoga Day (IYD) is celebrated every year on June 21 to highlight the fact
that yoga can contribute in a holistic way to achieving an equilibrium between mind and

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body. The 3rd edition of IYD 2017 has celebrated world-wide from New Delhi to New York
and Paris to Panama. About 5,000 events are taking place across 180 countries to mark the
Yoga day. The United Nations (UN) theme of this year is Yoga for Health. Yoga is an
ancient Indian practice which is very useful for curing many diseases and health disorders.

173. India has signed how much amount of loan agreement with Asian Development
upgrade 64 small towns of Madhya Pradesh?
[A] $355 million
[B] $175 million
[C] $275 million
[D] $425 million
Answer: C [$275 million]
Explanation:
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has signed a loan agreement of $275 million with
Government of India (GOI) for improving urban services in 64 small towns in Madhya
Pradesh. As part of the agreement, the project will develop sustainable, inclusive, and
climate-resilient water supply in 64 small and medium-sized towns, and integrated storm
water and sewerage infrastructure in two heritage towns of Khajuraho and Rajnagar. Along
with ADBs loan, the Government of Madhya Pradesh will provide counterpart support of
$124 million. The project will run for almost 5 years with an expected completion date of
June 2022.

174. India has signed a historical agreement with which country to promote coopera
of archives?
[A] South Africa
[B] Portugal
[C] China
[D] Nepal
Answer: B [Portugal]
Explanation:
India has recently signed a historical agreement with Portugal to promote cooperation in the
eld of archives in Lisbon, Portugal. As a part of the cooperation, the Torre do Tombo
(National Archives of Portugal) has handed over digital copies of 62 volumes of the collection
known as Moncoes do Reino (Monsoon correspondence) to the National Archives of India
(NAI). These volumes serve as the most important primary source for the study of the
Portuguese expansion in Asia and their trade rivalries with the Arabs and European powers
as well as their relations with neighboring Kings in South Asia and East Asia.

175. Indias first indigenously built floating dock (FDN-2) has launched on which shi
[A] Goa Shipyard
[B] Bharati Shipyard

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[C] Bombay Dockyard


[D] Kattupalli Shipyard
Answer: D [Kattupalli Shipyard]
Explanation:
Indias rst indigenously built Floating Dock (FDN-2) for the Indian Navy has launched at the
L&T Shipbuilding Yard at Kattupalli near Chennai, Tamil Nadu. The Floating Dock is 185
metres long and 40 metres wide and will enable docking of all kinds of vessels, including
Naval ships and submarines (excepting aircraft carriers and tankers) of up to 8,000 tonnes
displacement, with draughts of up to seven metres, during both day and night. FDN-2 was
designed and built by Larsen & Toubro Ltd. (L&T) at a cost of Rs 468 crore.

176. Who is leading the Indian delegation at the 2017 BIO International Convention
[A] Y S Chowdary
[B] Harsh Vardhan
[C] M Venkaiah Naidu
[D] Arun Jaitley
Answer: A [Y S Chowdary]
Explanation:
The 2017 BIO International Convention has started at the San Diego Convention Centre in
San Diego, California from June 19 to 22, 2017, which is hosted by the Biotechnology
Innovation Organization (BIO). It is the largest global event for the biotechnology industry
that oers key networking and partnering opportunities and provides insights and inspiration
on the major trends aecting the industry. Y S Chowdary, Minister of State for Science &
Technology and Earth Sciences, is leading the Indian delegation at the 2017 Convention. The
event features keynotes and sessions from key policymakers, scientists, CEOs, and
celebrities. The Convention also features the BIO Business Forum (One-on-One Partnering),
hundreds of sessions covering biotech trends, policy issues and technological innovations,
and the worlds largest biotechnology exhibition the BIO Exhibition.

177. Which state government has announced free education for girls in Governmen
colleges from Nursery to PhD?
[A] Bihar
[B] Karnataka
[C] Punjab
[D] Uttar Pradesh
Answer: C [Punjab ]
Explanation:
The Punjab Government has recently announced free education for girls in Government
Schools and colleges from Nursery to PhD for women empowerment. To promote English in
schools, the state government will also launch a pilot project that will roll out from July

233
Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

2017in all government schools. In addition, the free Wi-FI service will also roll-out for 13,000
primary schools and all 48 government colleges. Meanwhile, the reservation for women in
Panchayati Raj Institutions and Urban Local Bodies has already been increased by the
government from 33% to 50%.

178. Which Indian agri microbiologist has been conferred with the 2017 Ministry o
Award in Japan?
[A] Anil Kakodkar
[B] Harish Chandra
[C] Shrihari Chandraghatgi
[D] Jayant Vishnu Narlikar
Answer: C [Shrihari Chandraghatgi]
Explanation:
Indian agricultural microbiologist Dr. Shrihari Chandraghatgi, the President and CEO of
EcoCycle Corporation, has been conferred with the 2017 Ministry of Environment Award in
Japan for developing cutting edge technologies to address burning environmental problems.
With this, Chandraghatgi has become the rst foreigner to receive this award. The Ministry
of Environment Award is the highest honour given in the environmental sector every year
jointly by the Ministry of Environment, Japan, National Institute for Environmental Studies
(NIES), Japan and The Nikkan Kogyo Shinbun (a media group).

179. Who will be the new Union Home Secretary of India?


[A] Madhusudhan Prasad
[B] Anand Kumar
[C] Rajiv Gauba
[D] Ajay Kumar Bhalla
Answer: C [Rajiv Gauba]
Explanation:
Rajiv Gauba, the 1982 batch IAS ocer of Jharkhand cadre, will be the new home secretary
in the union ministry for home aairs. He will succeed Rajiv Mehrishi, who will complete his
term on August 30, 2017. Until then Gauba will serve as Ocer on Special Duty in the Home
Ministry. Prior to this appointment, he was posted as urban development secretary as ocer
on special duty.

180. The Lahugala Kitulana National Park is located in which country?


[A] India
[B] Sri Lanka
[C] Bhutan
[D] Bangladesh
Answer: B [Sri Lanka]

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Explanation:
The Lahugala Kitulana National Park is one of the smallest national parks in Sri Lanka.
Despite its land area, the park is an important habitat for Sri Lankan elephant and endemic
birds of Sri Lanka. It is home to Endemic toque macaque, Sri Lanka leopard, Indian muntjac,
Sri Lankan axis deer, Sri Lankan sambar deer, Indian pangolin, Indian hare, etc.

181. Who has been appointed as the new special secretary in Ministry of Ayush?
[A] Ravi Kant
[B] Rajesh Kotecha
[C] Sajal Chakravarty
[D] Parameswaran Iyer
Answer: B [Rajesh Kotecha]
Explanation:
The renowned Ayurveda physician Vaidya Rajesh Kotecha has been appointed as new
special secretary in Ministry of Ayush for three years on a contract basis. Kotecha is the chief
consultant of Chakrapani Ayurveda Clinic, Jaipur. The appointment is in line with the Centres
eorts to bring in specialists from the private sector in the government.

182. Which city has topped the list of most expensive cities for expatriates, accord
2017 Cost of Living Survey?
[A] Luanda
[B] Singapore
[C] Zurich
[D] Tokyo
Answer: A [Luanda]
Explanation:
Luanda, the capital of Angola, has topped the list of most expensive cities for expatriates,
according to Mercers 23rd annual Cost of Living Survey. Hong Kong has acquired 2nd
position, followed by Tokyo, Zurich, Singapore, Seoul and Geneva. From India, Mumbai is the
most expensive city for expatriates that has ranked 57th on the list, followed by New Delhi
(99), Chennai (135), Bangalore (166) and Kolkata (184). The Mercers survey includes 209
cities across ve continents. The worlds least expensive cities for expatriates, according to
Mercers survey, are Tunis (209), Bishkek (208) and Skopje (206). Mercers authoritative
survey is one of the worlds most comprehensive, and is designed to help multinational
companies and governments determine compensation allowances for their expatriate
employees.

183. Who will be the new secretary of Information and Broadcasting (I&B) Ministry?
[A] Jagdish Prasad Meena
[B] P K Pujari

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[C] Aruna Sundararajan


[D] Narendra Kumar Sinha
Answer: D [Narendra Kumar Sinha]
Explanation:
Narendra Kumar Sinha, the 1980 batch IAS ocer of Bihar cadre, will be the new secretary
of Information and Broadcasting (I&B) Ministry. Currently, Sinha is posted as cultural
secretary. He will succeed Ajay Mittal who has been appointed as the new secretary of
Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT). The current DoPT Secretary B P Sharma will
retire from the post on June 30, 2017.

184. The worlds first ever data embassy will be established by which country?
[A] Japan
[B] India
[C] Estonia
[D] China
Answer: C [Estonia]
Explanation:
The worlds rst-ever data embassy will be established by the Estonian government in
Luxembourg in 2018. For this, Prime Minister of Estonia Jri Ratas and Prime Minister of
Luxembourg Xavier Bettel has signed an agreement on housing data and information
systems, that will pave the way to open data embassy in Luxembourg. Its establishment is
part of the Estonian general strategy of data management and fundamentally a double
guarantee to their data and services. In addition, the data embassy will have the same rights
as any other physical embassy of Estonia.

185. Who has been appointed as the head of the newly created United Nations Cou
Office (UNCTO)?
[A] Vladimir Voronkov
[B] Sergey Lavrov
[C] Vladimir Kolokoltsev
[D] Dmitry Medvedev
Answer: A [Vladimir Voronkov]
Explanation:
Russian diplomat Vladimir Ivanovich Voronkov has been appointed as the head of the newly
created United Nations Counter-Terrorism Oce (UNCTO) and will hold the title of Under-
Secretary-General. The Under-Secretary-General will provide strategic leadership to United
Nations counter-terrorism eorts, participate in the decision-making process of the United
Nations and ensure that the cross-cutting origins and impact of terrorism are reected in the
work of the United Nations. The purpose of the UNCTO is to strengthen counterterrorism
eorts of 36 UN-funded programs under the ambit of a variety of UN agencies, 12 inter-

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agency working groups, Interpol and the World Customs Organisation (WCO). Currently,
Voronkov is the Ambassador and Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the
International Organizations in Vienna.

186. Who has been appointed as the new economic affairs secretary in the Union Fin
[A] N K Sinha
[B] Ajay Kumar Shalla
[C] Subhash C Garg
[D] Kirti Singh
Answer: C [Subhash C Garg]
Explanation:
Subhash C. Garg, a 1983 batch lAS ocer of Rajasthan cadre, has been appointed as the
new the economic aairs secretary in the Union Finance Ministry. The post fell vacant after
Shaktikanta Das retired on May 31, 2017. Currently, Tapan Ray, the corporate aairs
secretary, has the additional charge of the economic aairs department. Prior to this
appointment, Garg was Executive Director at World Bank for Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and
Sri Lanka.

187. Carla Fendi, the fashion legend passed away. She hails from which country?
[A] Germany
[B] Italy
[C] United Kingdom
[D] France
Answer: B [Italy]
Explanation:
Carla Fendi (79), the Italian luxury fashion designer, has passed away in Rome, Italy. She
played a key role along with her four sisters in developing and expanding her parents small
leather workshop, transforming the business into a global luxury fashion brand.

188. The Bhawal National Park is located in which country?


[A] Bangladesh
[B] India
[C] Sri Lanka
[D] Myanmar
Answer: A [Bangladesh]
Explanation:
The Bhawal National Park is located at Gazipur in Dhaka Division of Bangladesh.The core
area of the park covers 940 hectares but extends to 5,022 ha of surrounding forest. Its
purpose is to protect important habitats as well as to provide opportunities for recreation.
The park has 345 plant species, including 152 dierent tree species, 53 shrubs, 106 herbs

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and 34 climber species.

189. Who is the author of the book Hope in a challenged democracy; An Indian narr
[A] M Hamid Ansari
[B] K K Menon
[C] Ashwini Kumar
[D] M N Venkatachaliah
Answer: C [Ashwini Kumar]
Explanation:
The book titled Hope in a challenged democracy; An Indian narrative has authored by Dr.
Ashwini Kumar, the renowned lawyer, author and veteran parliamentarian. The principal
themes of the book are rstly on the incestuous relationship between wealth and power and
its impact on the credibility and moral authority of the government and secondly on an
insuerable atmosphere of intolerance. The book was launched by former Prime Minister Dr.
Manmohan Singh in New Delhi on April 10, 2017.

190. The 2017 World Hydrography Day (WHD) is observed on which date?
[A] June 23
[B] June 22
[C] June 24
[D] June 21
Answer: D [June 21]
Explanation:
The World Hydrography Day (WHD) is observed every year on June 21 to publicise the work
of hydrographers and to create awareness about hydrography which is an essential science
before undertaking any activity on or under the sea. The 2017 theme is Mapping our seas,
oceans and waterways more important than ever.

191. Which city has become the Indias first city to use robot to control unruly traffic
[A] Indore
[B] Pune
[C] Kochi
[D] Raipur
Answer: A [Indore]
Explanation:
Indore has become the Indias rst city where robot is being used on an experimental basis
to control its ever growing and unruly trac. The trac police in association with a private
engineering college of the city for the rst time have installed a metallic robot at a busy MR
9 intersection on an experimental basis to control the chaotic trac in the locality. This
trac controller robot has been designed by 2 professors of an engineering college of the

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

city Prof Rahul Tiwari and Aniruddh Sharma.

192. Which Indian bank has launched Indias first open loop EMV contactless metro
[A] State Bank of India
[B] Axis Bank
[C] ICICI Bank
[D] HDFC Bank
Answer: B [Axis Bank]
Explanation:
Axis Bank has launched Indias rst open loop EMV contactless metro card KMRL Axis Bank
Kochi1 Card in association with Kochi Metro Rail Corporation (KMRL) to make travel a
convenient and hassle free experience for commuters in Kochi. Axis Bank has partnered with
National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) in developing this transit EMV contactless
specication on interoperable open standards. The prepaid card has integrated benets and
oers a plethora of services to commuters such as instant issuance of personalized cards,
convenience of recharge, hassle free shopping experience, etc.

193. Which Indian personality has been honoured with the Social Entrepreneur of
at The 7th Asian Awards in London?
[A] Priti Patel
[B] Zayn Malik
[C] Nisha Dutt
[D] Asha Bhosle
Answer: C [Nisha Dutt]
Explanation:
Nisha Dutt, the CEO of Intellecap, has been honoured with the Social Entrepreneur of the
Year award at The 7th Asian Awards in London in recognition of her work in making
Intellecap a globally known enterprise that focuses on social capital. With this, Dutt has
become the rst Indian woman leader to be honoured with this award. Her key contribution
has been integrating technology with challenges of healthcare, nancial services, incubation
and conceptualizing programs such as Innovations Labs and Credit-tree.

194. Which social media platform launched an Online Civil Courage Initiative (O
counter online extremist material?
[A] Twitter
[B] Google
[C] Snapchat
[D] Facebook
Answer: D [Facebook ]

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Explanation:
Facebook Inc has launched an Online Civil Courage Initiative (OCCI) in the United Kingdom
(UK) to remove extremist and terrorism content from its social media platform. The new
initiative will train Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) to help them monitor and
respond to extremist content and create a dedicated support desk so they can communicate
directly with Facebook.

195. Which Indian personality will be honoured with the 2017 Carnegie Medal of Phi
[A] Azim Premji
[B] Nita Ambani
[C] Rahul Bajaj
[D] Indu Jain
Answer: A [Azim Premji]
Explanation:
Wipro Chairman Azim Premji will be honoured with the 2017 Carnegie Medal of Philanthropy
for his eorts to reform Indias public school system. He is among the 9 philanthropists
named recipients of the 2017 Medal of Philanthropy, who are selected for their distinguished
and longstanding contributions to the public good. The Carnegie institutions will award the
medals during a formal ceremony in October 2017. The honorees are recognized as catalysts
for good whose philanthropy has had a signicant and lasting impact on a particular eld,
nation, or community of people.

196. The Union Government has launched VAJRA scheme to attract Indian scienti
does VAJRA stands for?
[A] Viable Advanced Joint Research Faculty
[B] Visiting Advanced Joint Research Faculty
[C] Visage Advanced Joint Research Faculty
[D] Viral Advanced Joint Research Faculty
Answer: B [Visiting Advanced Joint Research Faculty]
Explanation:
Dr. Harsh Vardhan, the Union Minister of Science and Technology, has launched the Visiting
Advanced Joint Research Faculty (VAJRA) scheme in New Delhi to bring together the Indian
scientists abroad and India-based researchers for conducting joint researches in India. Under
this scheme, scientists or senior researchers abroad of Indian origin or otherwise can
collaborate with faculties in India and would receive endowments at par with those in their
own countries. The endowments for faculties would be US $15,000 in the rst month of
residency and US $10,000, for the remaining month. As per the scheme, the broad areas of
research like energy, health, advance material and others would be promoted.

197. Which city has become the Indias first city to deliver diesel at home?
[A] Guwahati

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

[B] Shillong
[C] Bengaluru
[D] Pune
Answer: C [Bengaluru ]
Explanation:
Bengaluru has become the Indias rst city where one can have fuel delivered at ones
doorstep just like milk and newspapers. Mypetrolpump, a one-year-old startup, has
conducted a soft launch with three delivery vehicles each with a capacity of 950 litres. It
has already delivered more than 5,000 litres of diesel. Diesel is delivered at the days
running price with a xed delivery charge. For up to 100 litres, the one-time delivery charge
is Rs 99. Above 100 litres, one needs to pay the diesel price plus one additional rupee per
litre. The startup has got 20 odd customers, including 16 schools (which have 250-300
buses) and a few apartments. One can place orders online, through a phone call or by
downloading the free app.

198. The 2017 United Nations Public Service Day is observed on which day?
[A] June 21
[B] June 22
[C] June 24
[D] June 23
Answer: D [June 23 ]
Explanation:
The United Nations Public Service Day is observed every year on June 23 to recognize the
work of public servants and to encourage young people to pursue careers in the public
sector. The day is also observed to celebrate value and virtue of public service to the
community and to raise awareness regarding the contribution of public service in the
development of society and honouring the work of public servants.

199. Which Indian Anti Hunger activist will be honoured with the 2017 Queens
award?
[A] Sachin Bansal
[B] Ankit Kawatra
[C] Anil Agarwal
[D] Kunal Bahl
Answer: B [Ankit Kawatra]
Explanation:
Indian anti-hunger activist Ankit Kawatra has honoured with the 2017 Queens Young
Leaders award for his exceptional work in transforming the lives of others. Kawatra is among
the 60 others from all 53 Commonwealth countries to be felicitated with the prestigious

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

award by Queen Elizabeth (II) at a ceremony in Buckingham Palace in London on June 29,
2017. The honourees will also undergo a year-long mentoring and online learning by the
University of Cambridge to build leadership capabilities and better their work towards the
communities. He is the founder of Feeding India, a not-for prot organization that works
towards solving problems of hunger, malnutrition and food wastage, mainly by redistributing
extra food from restaurants, canteens, households, corporates etc. to help people in need.

200. The Kishtwar National Park (KNP) is located in which state?


[A] Jammu and Kashmir (J&K)
[B] Himachal Pradesh
[C] Punjab
[D] Sikkim
Answer: A [Jammu and Kashmir (J&K)]
Explanation:
The Kishtwar National Park (KNP) is located in the Kishtwar district of Jammu and Kashmir. is
surrounded by Rinnay River in the north, Kibar Nala catchments in the southern part, the
Great Himalaya in the east and Marwa River in the west. The park is located at the high
altitude of 1,700 meters to 4,800 meters. It is home to brown bear, leopard, snow leopard,
Himalayan musk deer, hangul, ibex, etc.

201. Which state government of India has won the prestigious UN Public Service
2017?
[A] West Bengal
[B] Karnataka
[C] Odisha
[D] Sikkim
Answer: A [West Bengal]
Explanation:
The West Bengal government has won the prestigious UN Public Service Award for year 2017
for its initiative to combat child marriage and ensure education to the girl child in the state.
West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee received the prestigious award at a ceremony
held in The Hague, Netherlands on behalf of her government for the Kanyashree Prakalpa
initiative that sought to reduce the high child marriage rates and low female education rates
in the state. Through the initiative, cash was deposited into the bank account of girls for
every year they remained in school and were unmarried. The UN Public Service Awards are
given by the world body to institutions from across the world for their innovation and
excellence in providing public services. It highlights the pivotal role of public services in the
implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

202. Which state government will launched My Plant mobile app on tree plantation
[A] Tamil Nadu

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

[B] Maharashtra
[C] Kerala
[D] Goa
Answer: B [Maharashtra]
Explanation:
The Maharashtra government will launch a mobile app My Plant on July 1, 2017, which
would help in recording data about tree plantations in the state. Using this app, people and
organizations can feed the data about the saplings they have planted with the Forest
Department, which would help it in creating a database of trees. The Forest Department has
set a target of planting 4 crore saplings through public participation between July 1 and 7.
After downloading this mobile app, people and organizations can record the data about tree
plantation with the Forest Department and information on this app will be automatically
recorded on the departments website.

203. Who has been appointed as the new Deputy Chairman of the International C
(ICC) board?
[A] Nizamuddin Chowdhury
[B] David Richardson
[C] Imran Khawaja
[D] James Sutherland
Answer: C [Imran Khawaja]
Explanation:
Imran Khawaja, the Chairman of Associates counties and an administrator from Singapore,
has been unanimously elected as the new Deputy Chairman of the International Cricket
Council (ICC) board. He will deputize in ICC meetings in case the chairman Shashank
Manohar is absent. Khawaja is a senior lawyer and serving in the ICC Board for several years.
The post of deputy chairman is recently created by the ICC Full Council following the
constitutional change on June 22, 2017.

204. What is the theme of the 2017 International Widows Day (IWD)?
[A] Be Bold for Change
[B] Never Alone
[C] Fight against injustice
[D] Empowering women for greater achievements
Answer: D [Empowering women for greater achievements]
Explanation:
The International Widows day (IWD) is observed every year on June 23 as an opportunity for
action towards achieving full rights and recognition for widows that are too long invisible,
uncounted and ignored. The day addresses the poverty and injustice faced by millions of

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

widows and their dependents in many countries. The 2017 theme is Empowering Women
for Greater Achievements.

205. Who will become the first Indian woman wrestler to compete in Wo
Entertainment (WWE)?
[A] Pinki Rani
[B] Kavita Devi
[C] Sakshi Malik
[D] Geeta Phogat
Answer: B [Kavita Devi]
Explanation:
Kavita Devi, the former Indian powerlifter and South Asian Games gold medal winner, will
become the rst Indian woman to compete in the World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE)
when she takes part in the rst ever Mae Young Classic tournament for women from July
2017. She will be among the 32 participants who will compete at the tournament. The event
is set to take place on July 13 -14 in Full Sail Live in Orlando, Florida.

206. NASA has successfully launched the worlds smallest satellite Kalamsat. The
which Indian teen?
[A] Shawna Pandya
[B] Raja Chari
[C] Rifath Sharook
[D] Ashish Yadav
Answer: C [Rifath Sharook]
Explanation:
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has successfully launched the
worlds smallest and lightest satellite Kalamsat built by Indian students into the space
from its facility in Wallops Island on June 23, 2017. The satellite is named after the former
President APJ Abdul Kalam and was designed and built by Tamil Nadu student Rifath Sharook
along with six other teammates. The tiny satellite weighs around 64 grams and its structure
is fully 3D-printed with reinforced carbon ber polymer. It is equipped with a nano Geiger
Muller counter which will measure radiation in space. The satellite has been designed in a
way which will have a 240-minute mission in space and will operate for 12 minutes in a
micro-gravity environment of space. With this launch, Rifath Sharook has become the rst
Indian student to have his experiment launched by NASA.

207. Which Indian state hosted the 2017 International Federation of Sport Climbin
Cup?
[A] Assam
[B] Uttar Pradesh

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

[C] Gujarat
[D] Maharashtra
Answer: D [Maharashtra ]
Explanation:
The 6th edition of International Federation of Sport Climbing (IFSC) World Cup was held at
the CIDCO Exhibition Centre in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra on June 24 25, 2017. Over 150
athletes from across the globe will participate at the World Cup including the top talent from
India. The tournament will be hosted by the City Industrial Development Corporation of
Maharashtra (CIDCO). The Italy-based IFSC has 86 member federations across
continents.

208. Who has been appointed the head of the reconstituted Oversight Committee (O
faster bad loan resolution?
[A] Pradeep Kumar
[B] Janki Ballabh
[C] M.B.N. Rao
[D] Y.M. Deosthalee
Answer: A [Pradeep Kumar]
Explanation:
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has recently expanded the Oversight Committee (OC) from 2
to 5 for faster bad loan resolution in the banking sector. The three new members are M.B.N.
Rao, Y.M. Deosthalee and S. Raman. According to the reconstituted structure, the 5-member
OC will be led by a chairman and work through multiple benches to approve various cases of
restructuring referred by banks. Pradeep Kumar has been appointed as the chairman of the
OC. With the expanded mandate, the OC will be responsible for approving cases of
restructuring under the central banks S4A (Scheme for Sustainable Structuring of Stressed
Assets) as well as for resolving stressed cases where the aggregate exposure of the banking
industry is above Rs 500 crore.

209. The World Bank (WB) has sanctioned how much amount of loan assistance for
Public Finance Institutional Reforms (ASPIRe) Project?
[A] $54 million
[B] $44 million
[C] $64 million
[D] $84 million
Answer: B [$44 million]
Explanation:
The World Bank (WB) has approved a loan assistance of $44 million for the Assam State
Public Finance Institutional Reforms (ASPIRe) Project. The ASPIRe project is based on three

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

important components that act as pillars for institutional reforms strengthening public
nance institutional capacity, strengthening expenditure and revenue information systems
and on project management, monitoring and evaluation, and coordination. The purpose of
the project is to improve predictability and transparency in budget execution and eciency
in tax administration in Assam. The project is for 5 years and is expected to be completed by
March 31, 2022.

210. Who has won the 2017 Sahitya Academy Yuva Puraskar in English Language?
[A] Ram Mori
[B] Pratim Baruah
[C] Manu S Pillai
[D] Shamik Ghosh
Answer: C [Manu S Pillai]
Explanation:
Manu S Pillai has won the 2017 Sahitya Academy Yuva Puraskar in English Language for his
book titled The Ivory Throne Chronicles of the House of Travancore, the biography of the
last queen of Travancore. The book unfolds the rise and fall of Maharani Sethu Lakshmi Bai,
who ruled Travancore between 1924 -193. The book discusses the unheard life and rare
customs of the royal family. The book also unravels some of the interesting and rare practice
of matrilineal system existed in the Travancore kingdom, where king emerges from the sons
of sisters of the king and not of the king, unlike other Indian kingdoms. It is also interesting
to nd that queen is not the wife of the king, but is the mother, sister or niece of the king.
The Yuva Puraskar is awarded annually for the rst book or best book by an author of age 35
and below. It consists of a cash prize of Rs 50,000 and a copper plaque.

211. Who has won the 2017 Miss World title in BodyBuilding Championship?
[A] Niharika Gupta
[B] Bhumika Sharma
[C] Pinki More
[D] Teena Kumari
Answer: B [Bhumika Sharma ]
Explanation:
Bhumika Sharma from Uttarakhand has won the 2017 Miss World title in BodyBuilding
Championship in Venice, Italy. She gained maximum points in three categories individual
posing, body posing and fall in that bagged her the Miss World title. The championship drew
50 competitors from dierent countries. Now, she is preparing for the Miss Universe title for
bodybuilding, which is scheduled to be held in December 2017 by the National Amateur
Body-Builders Association (NABBA) of United Kingdom. In the event, bodybuilders from 60
countries will participate for the Miss and Mr Universe titles.

212. Desh Bandhu Gupta, who passed away recently, was the founder and chai
pharmaceutical company?

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

[A] Lupin
[B] Cipla
[C] Sun Pharma
[D] Glenmark
Answer: A [Lupin]
Explanation:
Desh Bandhu Gupta (79), the founder and chairman of pharmaceutical major Lupin Ltd, has
passed away on June 25, 2017 in Mumbai, Maharashtra. He founded Lupin in 1968 and
created a global pharmaceutical major with a presence in over 100 countries. Today, Lupin is
the 4th largest generics pharmaceutical player by market capitalisation in the world.

213. Manushi Chhilla has become the 2017 Femina Miss India World. She hails from
[A] Goa
[B] Jammu and Kashmir (J&K)
[C] Haryana
[D] Bihar
Answer: C [Haryana]
Explanation:
Manushi Chhillar from Haryana has won the 54th edition of Femina Miss India World 2017 at
Yash Raj Studios in Mumbai, Maharashtra on June 25, 2017. Sana Dua from Jammu and
Kashmir (J&K) was declared the Femina Miss India Earth 2017, while Priyanka Kumari from
Bihar adjudged as Femina Miss India Grand 2017. Besides, Vinali Bhatnagar won the Miss
Active crown whereas Vamika Nidhi won the special award of Body Beautiful.

214. Which committee has been constituted to draft the final National Educati
document?
[A] TV Kattimani committee
[B] T S R Subramanian committee
[C] KJ Alphonse committee
[D] K Kasturirangan committee
Answer: D [K Kasturirangan committee ]
Explanation:
The Union ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) has appointed a new nine-
member committee to work on a new National Education Policy (NEP). The former ISRO chief
Dr. K Kasturirangan will head the committee on NEP. The committee also includes former IAS
ocer KJ Alphonse and Ram Shanker Kureel, who has a wide experience in the eld of
agricultural sciences and management. The committee has been appointed keeping in mind
that the members bring expertise related to the diverse areas of education. Signicantly, the
panel also reects the diversity of the country as the members belong to dierent sections

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

as well as regions.

215. What is the 2017 theme of International Day of Seafarer?


[A] Seafarers: Faces of the Sea
[B] Seafarers save me
[C] Seafarers brought me
[D] Seafarers Matter
Answer: D [Seafarers Matter]
Explanation:
The International Day of Seafarer is observed every year on June 25 to give thanks to the
Seafarer for their contribution to the world economy and civil society as 90% of worlds goods
are transported by Seafarer. The 2017 theme is Seafarers Matter.

216. Which Indian movie has won the Best Action Movie award at the Shanghai In
Festival (SIFF)?
[A] Sultan
[B] Dangal
[C] Rustom
[D] Baahubali: The Conclusion
Answer: A [Sultan]
Explanation:
Indian lm Sultan has won the best action movie award at the Shanghai International Film
Festival (SIFF). The movie is about Desi, Indian wrestling and its raw power. It was directed
by Ali Aabbas Zafar. With this, Sultan has become the rst ever Bollywood lm to win the
award in the Jackie Chan Action Movie week section, which focuses on a selection of the best
in action, special eects, and performances by action stars from China and the Asia Pacic.

217. What is the theme of the 2017 International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit
[A] Listen Peace
[B] Listen First
[C] Listen Yourself
[D] Listen Nature
Answer: B [Listen First]
Explanation:
The United Nations (UN) International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Tracking
observed every year on June 26 across the world to strengthen action and cooperation to
achieve the goal of an international society free of drug abuse. The day also observes to
raise awareness of the major problem that illicit drugs represent to society. The 2017 theme
is Listen First Listening to children and youth is the rst step to help them grow healthy

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

and safe . This is an initiative to increase support for prevention of drug use that is based
on science and is thus an eective investment in the well-being of children and youth, their
families and their communities.

218. Which Indian shuttler has won the Australian Open Super Series Badminton tro
[A] Chetan Anand
[B] HS Prannoy
[C] Kidambi Srikanth
[D] Mulyo Handayo
Answer: C [Kidambi Srikanth]
Explanation:
Indian shuttler Kidambi Srikanth has won the Australian Open Super Series Badminton
trophy by defeating former world number one and Rio Olympics Gold medalist Chen Long in
the nal by 22-20, 21-16 in Sydney on June 25. 2017. With this, Srikanth has become the
fth player in the world to contest three successive Super Series nals by reaching the
summit clash in Singapore, Indonesia and Australia.

219. Who has become the first turbaned Sikh woman to be appointed as Canadas S
judge?
[A] Palbinder Kaur Shergill
[B] Gulab Kaur
[C] Harita Kaur Shergill
[D] Sukhpreet Kaur
Answer: A [Palbinder Kaur Shergill]
Explanation:
The Indian-origin Sikh human rights advocate, Palbinder Kaur Shergill has been appointed a
judge at the Supreme Court of British Columbia in New Westminster. With this, she has
become the rst turbaned Sikh woman to be appointed as a Supreme Court judge of Canada.
Justice Shergill succeeded Justice EA Arnold-Bailey, who retired on May 31. Justice Shergill
has actively represented the interests of the Canadian Sikh community in several cases
heard by the Supreme Court of Canada, including the one dealing with the right of Sikh
students to wear the kirpan (ceremonial dagger) in schools.

220. Which Indian shooter has bagged gold in the Womens 10m Air Pistol at the IS
Rifle/Pistol Championship?
[A] Nandini SIngh
[B] Yashaswini Singh Deswal
[C] Anjali Bhagwat
[D] Apurvi Chandela
Answer: B [Yashaswini Singh Deswal]

249
Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Explanation:
Yashaswini Singh Deswal from Chandigarh has bagged gold in the Womens 10m Air Pistol
competition at the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) Junior World Rie/Pistol
Championship in Suhl, Germany. Beside her, Anish Bhanwala has clinched gold in the Mens
25m Standard Pistol competition in the championship.

221. Who has been appointed as the new Prime Minister of Romania?
[A] Liviu Dragnea
[B] Klaus Iohannis
[C] Sorin Grindeanu
[D] Mihai Tudose
Answer: D [Mihai Tudose]
Explanation:
Mihai Tudose, the former economy minister, has been appointed as the new Prime Minister
of Romania and is expected to take oce on June 29, 2017. He will succeed Sorin Grindeanu,
who was dismissed by a motion of no condence adopted in Parliament by his own party.

222. Who has become the first Indian to complete the 4,900-km Race Across Ame
solo category?
[A] K K Sengar
[B] Nishant Sharma
[C] Srinivas Gokulnath
[D] Amit Samarth
Answer: C [Srinivas Gokulnath]
Explanation:
Dr. Srinivas Gokulnath from Maharashtra has created history by becoming the rst Indian to
complete the 4,900-km Race Across America (RAAM) in solo 18-59 age category, which is
considered to be the toughest cycle race in the world. He completed the race in 11 days, 18
hours and 45 minutes. Not only Gokunath but another Indian from Maharashtra, Dr Amit
Samarth of Nagpur, crossed the nish line at Annapolis on American east coast. Gokunath
stood seventh and Samarth was a position below him among the total nine cyclists who
nished the race. Christoph Strasser was the winner of the race. RAAM is not a stage based
cycle race. It is a continuous cycle race that allows less than two hours of rest per day and is
supposed to be nished inside 12 days. The cyclists pedal around 400 km per day.

223. The World Bank has approved how much loan amount to aid the Skill India mis
[A] $350-million
[B] $250-million
[C] $450-million
[D] $150-million

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Answer: B [$250-million]
Explanation:
The World Bank has cleared a $250-million loan to aid the Skill India mission. The loan
amount would be used for making Indian youth more employable through reskilling. Under
the skill development programme, adults in 15-59 years of age, underemployed or
unemployed, will get the skill training. It will also include the 1.2 crore youngsters in the age
group of 15-29 years who are entering the labour market every year. The programme has a
mandate to provide placement and entrepreneurship opportunities to women and increase
their exposure to skill training.

224. Who has been appointed as the new President of the India International Centre
[A] NN Vohra
[B] Soli Sorabjee
[C] Joseph Stein
[D] S K Sinha
Answer: A [NN Vohra]
Explanation:
Narinder Nath Vohra, the Governor of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), has been appointed as the
new President of the India International Centre (IIC), which is one of the premier cultural
institutions in the country. He succeeded by Soli Sorabjee. The India International Centre
(IIC) is a well known non-ocial organization located in New Delhi.

225. Who is the author of the book The Emergency-Indian Democracys Darkest Ho
[A] Surya Prakash
[B] Uma Vasudev
[C] Janardhan Thakur
[D] Uma Vasudev
Answer: A [Surya Prakash]
Explanation:
The book titled The Emergency Indian Democracys Darkest Hour has been authored by
Surya Prakash, the chairman of Prasar Bharati. The book has recently launched by Union
Minister for Urban Development M Venkaiah Naidu in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. The purpose of
the book is to honor all those who fought for the restoration of democracy in the country in
the mid-1970s.

226. Who has won gold in the 60kg category at the 2017 Ulaanbaatar Cup boxing tour
[A] Nikhil Vasudev
[B] Ankush Dahiya
[C] L Devendro Singh
[D] J J Chauhan

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Answer: B [Ankush Dahiya ]


Explanation:
Ankush Dahiya (60kg) from India has won a gold medal at the Ulaanbaatar Cup boxing
tournament by defeating Man Choe Chol of Korea in his category in Mongolia. Beside this, L
Devendro Singh (52kg) from India won a silver medal in the boxing tournament in Mongolia.

227. Which city will host the 2017 Whatashort Independent International Film Fest
[A] Pune
[B] Kolkata
[C] New Delhi
[D] Kochi
Answer: C [New Delhi]
Explanation:
The 3rd edition of Whatashort Independent International Film Festival (WIIFF) will be held at
the Instituto Cervantes in New Delhi from July 8-9, 2017 to promote short lms from across
the globe. More than 400 lms participated from over 34 countries and more than 45 lms
will be screened this year. The signicance of the festival lies in the very core idea of
uplifting the indie and short lm makers and their creations. It not only provides a unique
platform to the shorter version of the motion picture but paves the way to the pinnacle it
should achieve.

228. Who has won the 2017 Gerry Weber Open tennis tournament ?
[A] Alexander Zverev
[B] Novak Djokovic
[C] Andy Murray
[D] Roger Federer
Answer: D [Roger Federer]
Explanation:
Roger Federer, a Swiss professional tennis player, has won the 2017 Gerry Weber Open
tennis tournament by defeating Alexander Zverev in nal by 6-1 6-3 at the Gerry Weber
Stadion in Halle, Germany. With this win, Federer clinch his 92nd career title.

229. The headquarters of the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) is located in whic
[A] China
[B] South Korea
[C] Japan
[D] Germany
Answer: B [South Korea]
Explanation:

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Recently, the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) has changed its name to World Taekwondo
(WT) because of the negative connotations that came with its acronym WTF. The change
was made before the start of the 2017 World Taekwondo Championships. The 23rd edition of
the World Taekwondo Championships has started in Muju, South Korea from June 24 to June
30, 2017. The headquarters of the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) is located in Seoul,
South Korea.

230. Which Indian sportsperson will be conferred with the best Sportsperson of the
the Sports Journalists Federation of India (SJFI)?
[A] Jitu Rai
[B] Sania Mirza
[C] Virat Kohli
[D] P V Sindhu
Answer: D [P V Sindhu]
Explanation:
P V Sindhu, an ace shuttler and Rio Olympics silver medallist, will be conferred with the best
Sportsperson of the Year Award by the Sports Journalists Federation of India (SJFI). The Best
Team of the Year award was bagged by the Indian Junior Hockey Team, which won the Junior
World Cup title by defeating Belgium 2-1 in the nal in Lucknow on December 2016. Both the
awards would be presented at the 40th convention of the SJFI to be held in Indore in
September 2017.

231. Which Indian sportsperson will be conferred with the East Bengal footba
honour Bharat Gaurav?
[A] Dhanraj Pillay
[B] Mary Kom
[C] Pusarla Venkata Sindhu
[D] Sachin Tendulkar
Answer: A [Dhanraj Pillay]
Explanation:
Former India hockey captain Dhanraj Pillay will be conferred with the East Bengal football
clubs highest honour Bharat Gaurav on their foundation day. The ceremony will be held
on August 1, 2017. Pillay has played a huge role in reviving the Indian team and performed
brilliantly during his 15-year career, representing the country in four Olympics, World Cups,
Champions Trophy and Asian Games. He played total 339 matches for India, scoring 170
goals. He led India to Asian Games glory in 1998 and also won the Asia Cup in 2003. Pillay
also received the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award for his remarkable performance in
1999-2000 and was later awarded the Padma Shri and civilian award in 2000.

232. What is the Indias rank in the 2017 Social Progress Index (SPI)?
[A] 88th

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[B] 93rd
[C] 105th
[D] 65th
Answer: B [93rd]
Explanation:
India has been ranked 93rd out of 128 countries in the 2017 Social Progress Index (SPI). The
list is topped by Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland. The SPI is an aggregate
index of social and environmental indicators that capture three dimensions of social
progress: Basic Human Needs, Foundations of Wellbeing, and Opportunity. The 2017 SPI
includes data from 128 countries on 50 indicators. The index is published by the nonprot
Social Progress Imperative, and is based on the writings of Amartya Sen, Douglass North,
and Joseph Stiglitz.

233. The first-ever International MSME Day 2017 has celebrated on which day?
[A] June 28
[B] June 26
[C] June 27
[D] June 25
Answer: C [June 27]
Explanation:
The International Trade Centre (ITC) has celebrated the rst-ever International MSME Day on
June 27, 2017 with theme Small business big impact. The purpose of the day is to raise
public awareness about the importance of MSMEs to economic growth and international
development. The Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) Day highlights the strong
contribution of MSMEs worldwide to livelihoods, communities and economies and the need to
support MSMEs towards their success. The ITC is the joint agency of the UN and the WTO
supporting SMEs in developing countries and transition economies for sustainable and
inclusive trade.

234. The Uttar Pradesh government has signed how much amount of ADB loan for
in the state?
[A] Rs 2,550 crore
[B] Rs 2,750 crore
[C] Rs 1,150 crore
[D] Rs 1,950 crore
Answer: D [Rs 1,950 crore]
Explanation:
The Uttar Pradesh Government has signed an agreement with Asian Development Bank
(ADB) for a loan of Rs 1950 crore for strengthening of roads in dierent district. As per the

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

agreement, 70% nances amounting to Rs 1,950 crore will be provided by the ADB as loan,
while the state government will bear 30% cost of the project which comes to Rs 832 crore.
The project, which will start from 2017 and end in 2024, will cover over 430 km roads in 12
districts.

235. Which committee has been constituted by BCCI to study contentious issues i
Lodha panel reforms?
[A] Amitabh Choudhary committee
[B] T.C. Mathew committee
[C] Rajeev Shukla committee
[D] C.K. Khanna committee
Answer: C [Rajeev Shukla committee ]
Explanation:
The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) has constituted a special 7-member
committee to study contentious issues in implementing Lodha panel reforms which are being
opposed by the state units. The committees mandate is to identify the few critical points in
respect of the said judgement for the General Body of the BCCI to consider before its
submission to the Honble Supreme Court. The other members of the committee include
former India captain Sourav Ganguly, T.C. Mathew (Kerala Cricket), Naba Bhattacharjee
(North East representative), Jay Shah (Gujarat Cricket Association), BCCI Treasurer Anirudh
Chaudhary and BCCI acting secretary Amitabh Choudhary. The four contentious Lodha panel
recommendations that are delaying the implementation process are one-state, one vote, age
cap of 70 for oce-bearers, cooling-o period for oce-bearers and size of the national
selection panel.

236. Who is the new President of International Economic Association (IEA)?


[A] Kaushik Basu
[B] Alaka Malwade
[C] H R Khan
[D] Raghuram Rajan
Answer: A [Kaushik Basu]
Explanation:
Kaushik Basu, an Indian economist, has taken over as new President of the International
Economic Association (IEA) on June 23, 2017 and will serve the post for 3-years. The IEA is a
leading organization founded in 1950 for professional economists that seeks to shape global
economic policy and research. He has also served as senior vice-president and chief
economist at the World Bank from 2012 to 2016 and as the chief economic adviser to the
government of India from 2009 to 2012. Currently, Basu is the C. Marks Professor of
International Studies at Cornell University.

237. O N Dhar, the veteran figure and former bureaucrat has passed away in which ci

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[A] New Delhi


[B] Lucknow
[C] Kochi
[D] Guwahati
Answer: A [New Delhi]
Explanation:
O N Dhar (89), the veteran gure and former bureaucrat, has passed away in New Delhi.
During the Quit Kashmir movement, he was detained for 13 months following the arrest of
Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah in 1946-47. Dhar had worked with Sheikh Abdullah, Bakshi
Ghulam Mohammed and Mir Sadiq when they were prime ministers of Jammu and Kashmir
till 1965. Till 1967, the elected head of government in Jammu and Kashmir was called prime
minister before the nomenclature was changed to chief minister. Dhar had also held key
secretarial-level posts in the state subsequently.

238. Which city has been designated as the UNESCO World Book Capital 2019?
[A] Warsaw
[B] Pune
[C] Sharjah
[D] Athens
Answer: C [Sharjah]
Explanation:
Sharjah, the city of United Arab Emirates (UAE), has been designated as the UNESCO World
Book Capital 2019 by Irina Bokova, the Director-General of UNESCO, at the Headquarters of
the International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) at La Haye. The honour is in
recognition of the Emirates pioneering role in supporting and expanding the local and
regional publishing industries, promoting reading to become an intrinsic cultural practice, as
well as embracing inter-cultural, knowledge-based dialogue. Sharjah was the rst emirate in
UAE to establish a formal school and a library. It was also the rst emirate to house many
cultural institutions like the Emirates Publishers Association and the Emirates writers Union.
Sharjah is the 19th city to become World Book Capital. It is preceded by Conakry in 2017 and
Athens in 2018.

239. Which committee has been formed by the Maharashta Government for Padma A
[A] Chandrakant Patil committee
[B] Ram Shinde committee
[C] Sudhir Mungantiwar committee
[D] Vinod Tawde committee
Answer: B [Ram Shinde committee]
Explanation:

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

The Maharashtra government has constituted an 11-member committee to scrutinize and


recommend names from Maharashtra for the Padma Awards 2018 to the Government of
India (GoI). The committee will be headed by Ram Shinde, the Minister for Water
Conservation. The Padma awards seek to recognise work of distinction and exceptional
achievements in dierent elds and disciplines such as art, literature and education, sports,
medicine, social work, science and engineering, public aairs, civil service, trade and
industry.

240. The Dudhwa National Park is located in which state?


[A] Uttar Pradesh
[B] Madhya Pradesh
[C] Gujarat
[D] Rajasthan
Answer: A [Uttar Pradesh]
Explanation:
The Dudhwa National Park is located in the Terai of Uttar Pradesh and covers an area of
490.3 km2, with a buer zone of 190 km2 (73 sq mi). It is home to swamp deer, sambar
deer, barking deer, spotted deer, hog deer, tiger, Indian rhinoceros, sloth bear, ratel, jackal,
civets, jungle cat, shing cat, etc. The park is home to one of the nest forests in India, some
of these trees are more than 150 years old and over 70 ft tall.

241. Who has been appointed as the new chairman of National Institute of Fash
(NIFT)?
[A] Rajesh Shah
[B] Poonam Mahajan
[C] Jatinder V Sehgal
[D] Sunil Sethi
Answer: A [Rajesh Shah]
Explanation:
Rajesh V Shah has been appointed as the new chairman of the board of governors of
National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) and will be in charge till March 31, 2019. He
succeeded former cricketer Chetan Chauhan, who resigned from the post after being made
the Sports Minister of Uttar Pradesh.

242. The Election Commission of India (ECI) has colloborated with which social m
launch nationwide Voter Registration Reminder?
[A] Twitter
[B] Facebook
[C] Instagram
[D] YouTube

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

Answer: B [Facebook]
Explanation:
The Election Commission of India (ECI) has collaborated with Facebook to launch rs
Nationwide Voter Registration Reminder on July 1, 2017 to encourage Indian citizens to
register themselves on the electoral rolls. As part of this campaign, Facebook will run a voter
registration reminder in multiple Indian languages to all the Facebook users in India from July
1 to 4, 2017. For this, Facebook will activate a unique Register Now button reminding all
the eligible Indian users to enroll themselves as voters. When the users click the button, they
will be redirected to National Voters Services Portal, where they can register themselves as
voters. The reminder will be sent out in 13 Indian languages English, Hindi, Gujarati, Tamil,
Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Punjabi, Bengali, Urdu, Assamese, Marathi and Oriya.

243. Which Indian state is hosting the 2017 Asian Athletics Championships?
[A] Jharkhand
[B] Maharashtra
[C] Odisha
[D] Tamil Nadu
Answer: C [Odisha]
Explanation:
The 22nd edition of the Asian Athletics Championships (AAC-2017) will be held at the Kalinga
Stadium in Bhubaneswar, Odisha from July 6 to 9, 2017. Around 800 athletes from 45
countries are set to attend the event. The ocial mascot of AAC-2017 is Olly that represents
Olive Ridley sea turtle, one of the endangered species of Odisha. The winners of the Asian
meet will get a direct berth for the World championship in London from August 4-13, 2017.
As host, India is eligible to eld three athletes in each discipline, instead of the usual two.

244. Which country has officially started building the worlds first forest city?
[A] Japan
[B] Singapore
[C] Bhutan
[D] China
Answer: D [China ]
Explanation:
China has ocially started building the worlds rst forest city in the north of Liuzhou,
Guangxi Province to ght against pollution and climate change, which is set to be completed
in 2020. It is designed by Stefano Boeri Architetti, a team that develops green projects all
around the world. The Liuzhou Forest City is expected to absorb nearly 10,000 tonnes of
carbon dioxide yearly and produce 900 tonnes of oxygen. The energy self-sucient city will
house 30,000 people, 40,000 trees and nearly 1 million plants. As a result, the forest city will
help to decrease the average air temperature, improve local air quality, create noise

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barriers, generate habitats, and improve local biodiversity in the region.

245. Which country to host the 12th edition of G20 summit?


[A] Germany
[B] France
[C] Italy
[D] Japan
Answer: A [Germany]
Explanation:
The 12th edition of G20 summit will be held on July 78, 2017 in Hamburg, Germany. The
G20 is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20
major economies with the aim of studying, reviewing and promoting high-level discussion of
policy issues pertaining to the promotion of international nancial stability.

246. Which Indian American personality has been appointed as new US Ambassador
[A] Vinai Thummalapally
[B] Krishna R Urs
[C] Geeta Passi
[D] Atul Keshap
Answer: B [Krishna R Urs]
Explanation:
Krishna R Urs, a veteran Indian- origin career diplomat, has been appointed as the new US
Ambassador to Peru by the Donald Trump administration. Currently, Urs is Charge d Aaires
of the US Embassy in Madrid, Spain. He has specialization in economic issues and is
considered an expert on the Andean region of South America.

247. Who has become the new member of Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)?
[A] K. R. Damle
[B] V. S. Hejmadi
[C] Manoj Soni
[D] R. N. Banerjee
Answer: C [Manoj Soni]
Explanation:
Dr. Manoj Soni, the former Vice Chancellor of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University, has
recently taken the Oath of Oce and Secrecy as Member of Union Public Serv
Commission (UPSC). He will hold oce for a term of six years or until he turns 65. The Oath
was administered by the UPSC Chairman Prof. David R. Syiemlieh. Dr. Soni is the youngest
Vice Chancellor since independence and has been a recipient of numerous awards. He has
also been awarded the rare honour of Honorary Mayor-President of the City of Baton
Rouge by World Education Congress Global Award for Distance Learning Leadership and

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Mayor-President of Baton Rouge, USA. The UPSC can have a limit of 10 members including
its chairman and conducts national-level recruitment exams like IAS, IFS and IPS.

248. Which Indian Bollywood actress has been appointed as the new brand
governments flagship Skill India campaign?
[A] Aishwarya Rai
[B] Sonam Kapoor
[C] Deepika Padukone
[D] Priyanka Chopra
Answer: D [Priyanka Chopra]
Explanation:
The Bollywood actress Priyanka Chopra has been appointed as the brand ambassador by
National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) for the governments agship Skill India
campaign. Priyanka will use her celebrity status to motivate youngsters to hone their
abilities through a media campaign. The Skill India campaign was launched by Prime Minister
Narendra Modi in July 2015. The aim of the Government of India (GoI) is to train 40 crore
people by 2022 through its skilling initiatives. Earlier, Indian cricket captain Virat Kohli,
batting legend Sachin Tendulkar, Bollywood actors Sidharth Malhotra and Shabana Azmi and
singer Mohit Chauhan had also become goodwill envoys for Skill India.

249. Who has become the ambassador of the 2017 Indian Film Festival of Melbourne
[A] Nawazuddin Siddiqui
[B] Vidya Balan
[C] Amitabh Bachchan
[D] Kangana Ranaut
Answer: B [Vidya Balan]
Explanation:
Vidya Balan, the famous Bollywood lm actress, has become the ambassador of the 2017
Indian Film Festival of Melbourne (IFFM), which is supported by the Victorian Government.
The 2017 theme of the fest is Diversity with a special focus on lms by female directors
and is scheduled to be held from August 10-22, 2017. It will showcase over 60 lms, Indie
and short included, in 20 dierent languages.

250. Indias first blood bank for cattle will be set up in which state?
[A] Odisha
[B] Punjab
[C] Haryana
[D] Himachal Pradesh
Answer: A [Odisha ]
Explanation:

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Odisha will become the Indias rst state to set up blood bank for cattle. The rst of its kind
blood bank would be established on the premises of Odisha University of Agriculture and
Technology (OUAT) at an estimated cost of Rs. 3.25 crore. The project will have a 60:40
sharing between the Centre and the state government. The cattle farmers will provide blood
voluntarily. The blood bank will also go and collect blood from centres. Blood transfusion
facility for cattle blood will also be done at the proposed blood bank. This will prevent death
of cattle during deliveries and other ailments.

251. Indias first-ever mega textiles trade event Textiles India 2017 has started in w
[A] Surat
[B] Ahmedabad
[C] Gandhinagar
[D] Rajkot
Answer: C [Gandhinagar]
Explanation:
Indias rst-ever mega trade event for the textiles sector has inaugurated by the Prime
Minister Narendra Modi at Mahatma Mandir in Gandhinagar, Gujarat on June 30, 2017. The
event Textiles India 2017 has been organised by the Union Ministry of Textiles with an aim
to showcase the country as a global sourcing hub and investment destination. The three-day
conference is expected to see participation from 2,500 international buyers, over a 1,000
international and domestic exhibitors and several top fashion designers.

252. Who will lead the Indian delegation in the 12th G20 Summit-2017?
[A] Ajit Doval
[B] Jitendra Singh
[C] Sushma Swaraj
[D] Narendra Modi
Answer: D [Narendra Modi]
Explanation:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will lead the Indian Delegation at the 12th edition of G20
Summit, which is scheduled to be held at Hamburg in Germany on July 7-8, 2017. The theme
of the summit this year is Shaping an interconnected world. The summit will be organized
around three pillars- Stability, Sustainability and Responsibility. The topics such as free
trade, environment, terrorism, sustainable development, development in Africa,
digitalization, migrations, instability are expected to dominate the discussions during the
summit.

253. Who has been appointed as the new Chief Secretary of Uttar Pradesh?
[A] Debashish Panda
[B] Rajiv Kumar
[C] Prashant Trivedi

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

[D] Anurag Srivastava


Answer: B [Rajiv Kumar]
Explanation:
Rajiv Kumar, the 1981-batch IAS ocer of the Uttar Pradesh cadre, has been appointed as
the new Chief Secretary of Uttar Pradesh. He succeeded Rahul Prasad Bhatnagar, who has
been made chairman of Greater Noida and investment commissioner. Prior to his latest
assignment, Rajiv Kumar was Secretary in Shipping ministry, Government of India (GoI).

254. Which Indian state has been conferred with the award of excellence at the 2
Development Summit (GSDM 2017)?
[A] Uttar Pradesh
[B] Uttarakhand
[C] Assam
[D] Manipur
Answer: B [Uttarakhand ]
Explanation:
The Uttarakhand state has been conferred with the award of excellence at the 2nd edition of
Global Skill Development Summit (GSDM) 2017 in Paris, France on June 23, 2017 for
innovations and extensive use of IT for skill developments the states youth. The Embassy of
India, Paris and Europe India Foundation for Excellence (EIFE) has organized the GSDM 2017
along with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and
National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) with central theme Making India a Global
Hub of Skilled Manpower The Next Step. The purpose of this event was to create
awareness about the skill development scenario in India, looking at specic sectors and
assessing the requirements.

255. Which union minister has launched a new training programme COMM
Government officials?
[A] Jitendra Singh
[B] Ravi Shankar Prasad
[C] Arun Jaitley
[D] Prakash Javadekar
Answer: A [Jitendra Singh]
Explanation:
Dr Jitendra Singh, the Minister of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions Personnel, has
launched a new training programme Online Modied Modules on Induction Train
(COMMIT) for State Government ocials. The main objective of this training programme is to
improve the public service delivery mechanism and provide citizen-centric administration
through capacity building of ocials who interact with the citizens on a day-today basis. It is
cost eective and has the potential to cover about 3.3 lakh ocials annually, compared to

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

10,000 ocials under existing 12-Day Induction Training Programme (ITP).

256. Which Indian company has signed pact with Japanese firm Kawasaki Heav
(KHI) to make steel metro coaches?
[A] BHEL
[B] ONGC
[C] SAIL
[D] Tata Steel
Answer: A [BHEL]
Explanation:
The Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) has signed an agreement with Kawasaki Heavy
Industries Ltd (KHI) of Japan to manufacture stainless steel coaches and bogies for metro
rail. The agreement covers establishing state-of-the-art design, engineering and
manufacturing facilities at BHEL using Japanese technology. It will also entitle BHEL for all
technology advances and upgrades. The KHI is also the manufacturer and supplier of
Shinkansen High Speed Bullet Trains, proposed to be introduced in India on the Mumbai-
Ahmedabad High Speed Rail Corridor.

257. What is the theme of the 2017 National Statistics Day (NSD)?
[A] Human empowerment
[B] Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
[C] Administrative Statistics
[D] Trees and their calculative lives
Answer: C [Administrative Statistics]
Explanation:
The National Statistics Day (NSD) is celebrated every year in India on June 29 to create
public awareness about importance of statistics in socio-economic planning and policy
formulation. The day also marks the birth anniversary of late Prof. Prasanta Chandra
Mahalanobis, the Father of Indian Statistics, in recognition of his valuable contribution in the
elds of statistics and economic planning. The 2017 theme is Administrative Statistics.

258. Indias largest Fresh water aquarium has opened in which state?
[A] Gujarat
[B] West Bengal
[C] Tamil Nadu
[D] Jharkhand
Answer: D [Jharkhand]
Explanation:
Raghubar Das, the Chief Minister of Jharkhand, has recently inaugurated the Indias largest

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Current Aairs: June, 2017 [Date-wise Compendium]

fresh water aquarium Ranchi Machchli Ghar at Bhagwan Birsa Munda Biodiversity Park in
Ranchi to encourage tourism in the state. The aquarium is spread over in 36,000 sq feet
area and it has 58 sh tank, where 120 species of 1500 shes have been displayed. Besides
Indian breeds, rare and popular species have been brought in from Bangkok, Malaysia and
Singapore.

259. India has donated how much amount to UN Tax fund on tax matters for develop
[A] $2 lakh
[B] $1 lakh
[C] $1.5 lakh
[D] $2.75 lakh
Answer: B [ $1 lakh]
Explanation:
India has donated $1 lakh (Rs 64.49 lakh) to the UN Trust Fund for International Cooperation
in Tax Matters (the UN Tax Fund) that helps developing countries actively participate in the
discussion of tax issues. With this, India has become the rst country to make a voluntary
contribution to UN Tax fund, which are currently unfunded. The UN Tax Committee is a
subsidiary body of the UN Economic and Social Council (ESOSOC) that provide guidance on
current issues such as double taxation treaties, transfer pricing (prot shifting) taxation of
the extractive industries and taxation of services.. The purpose of the UN Tax Trust Fund is
to support the work of the Committee of Experts on International Cooperation in Tax Matters
(the UN Tax Committee).

260. Who will be the new Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) of India?
[A] S K Khurana
[B] O P Rawat
[C] Nasim Zaidi
[D] Achal Kumar Jyoti
Answer: D [Achal Kumar Jyoti]
Explanation:
Achal Kumar Jyoti, a retired 1975-batch IAS Ocer of Gujarat Cadre, has been appointed as
the new Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) for one year, when he will turn 65. He will
succeed Nasim Zaidi, who will retire on July 6, 2017. Currently, A K Jyoti is the Election
Commissioner of India along with O P Rawat. An EC or a CEC has tenure of six years in oce
or till he or she attains the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.

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